Know what the signs of swine flu are in people.

The symptoms look a lot like an ordinary flu and
include fever (greater than 100°F or 37.8°C), cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and
fatigue. It is reported that diarrhea and vomiting can also be included with the symptoms of illness.
There's no way to tell if you have the swine flu unless a respiratory specimen is taken within the first
4-5 days and sent to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (or equivalent).
1. 2
Make sure you are in good health. Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your
stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food. Consider taking a Vitamin C supplement. The
healthier you are, the better your immune system will be at defending your body against a virus.
2. 3
Practice good hygiene. If you sneeze, keep a disposable tissue in front of your mouth, after
sneezing or blowing your nose throw the tissue away. Wash your hands often, especially if after
blowing your nose/sneezing and before you eat. Use a disinfectant when possible or just use soap
and water.
3. 4
Don't share utensils or drinks. In cafeteria settings, it's not uncommon for people to casually share
utensils or take a sip from someone else's drink. This should be completely avoided if there is any
risk of a flu pandemic.
4. 5

Mexican police wearing masks
Wear a facemask or respirator as instructed by authorities. If used correctly, facemasks and
respirators may help prevent some exposure to flu viruses. However, facemasks should be used
along with other preventive

H1N1 Flu Prevention Information
You can help prevent influenza sickness for you and your family by following the everyday actions show
below, and by getting both your seasonal influenza and H1N1 Flu vaccination shots.
Although the 2009-2010 seasonal flu shot is not expected to protect against the H1N1 Flu virus, a
seasonal flu shot is important because it can prevent the spread of other viruses that cause respiratory
The H1N1 Flu vaccine is widely available in California. See Vaccine Information and Vaccination
Locations for more information.
Symptoms of Influenza (flu)
The symptoms of the H1N1 Flu are similar to the symptoms of seasonal flu and include fever, cough, sore
throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Some people have reported diarrhea and vomiting
associated with H1N1 influenza. If you are sick or think you may have H1N1 influenza, please contact
your healthcare provider.
Preventing Influenza
Take these everyday steps to protect your health:
 Cover your cough: Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
 Wash your hands: Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or
sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective.
 Avoid spreading germs: Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Try to avoid close contact
with anyone who is sick. Germs spread this way.
 Stay home if you are sick: If you are sick with flu-like illness, CDC recommends that you stay
home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other
necessities. (Your fever should be gone without the use of a fever-reducing medicine.) Keep
away from others as much as possible to keep from making them sick.
Taking care of a sick person in your home - Guidance and recommendations from CDC
More Prevention Information
 CDPH Urges Californians Not to Travel With the Flu - November 25
 Dr. Mark Horton, CDPH, provides information and prevention advice for the upcoming flu
season (PDF) ... Spanish
 Prevention and Treatment Information from the Flu.Gov website
 Prevention and Treatment Information from the CDC website
Prevention Materials
 Flu Prevention Posters, Flyers, and Brochures from CDPH
 H1N1, Flu and Respiratory Disease Prevention Promotional Materials
 Flu Prevention Materials from CDC
 Social Media for H1N1 Flu from CDC

H1N1 (originally referred to as Swine Flu)
The H1N1 flu virus caused a world-wide pandemic in 2009. It is now a human seasonal
flu virus that also circulates in pigs.
 Although the World Health Organization (WHO) announced the pandemic was
over in August 2010, H1N1 is still circulating.
 Getting the flu vaccine is your best protection against H1N1.
 You cannot get H1N1 from properly handled and cooked pork or pork products.
 Symptoms of H1N1 are similar to seasonal flu symptoms.
What is H1N1 flu?
H1N1 is a flu virus. When it was first detected in 2009, it was called “swine flu” because
the virus was similar to those found in pigs.
The H1N1 virus is currently a seasonal flu virus found in humans. Although it also
circulates in pigs, you cannot get it by eating properly handled and cooked pork or
pork products.
Is H1N1 still a threat?
On August 10, 2010 WHO announced that the world is in a post-pandemic period.
However, H1N1 is still circulating. H1N1 is included in the 2011-2012 seasonal flu
What are the symptoms of H1N1 flu?
The symptoms of H1N1 are the same as seasonal flu symptoms.
How does H1N1 flu spread?
The H1N1 flu virus spreads between people in the same way that seasonal flu viruses
How can I prevent H1N1 flu?
The best way to prevent the H1N1 flu is to get the seasonal flu vaccine. The 2011-2012
flu vaccine includes protection against the H1N1 flu virus. You should also follow
our everyday steps to keep yourself healthy during flu season.
Vietnam has begun a phase 1 clinical trial for the first H1N1 pandemic influenza vaccine
developed entirely in Vietnam with support from the U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services’ Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority
(BARDA). This is the first step in testing the new vaccine in humans. The study and
data analysis is expected to be complete by the end of 2012.
I have H1N1. What should I do?
If your health care provider has diagnosed you with H1N1, you should follow
our treatment recommendationsand your health care provider’s orders.