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4

PAGE

twGJ 2 ? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l; ?

REGIONAL AFFAIRS 5

? twGJ 2? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l;

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New York Times

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Path to Democracy, Despite Stumbles

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REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT 7

? twGJ 2? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l;

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8

USDP

twGJ 2? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l; ?

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Mum;awmfrlcJhonf/

INTERNATIONAL 9

? twGJ 2? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l;

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jyóemudk xde;f csKyf&mwGif tpdk;&opfzUJG pnf;Edkif
jcif;r&Sdaom taMumif;t&mu tcuftcJrsm;

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axmufjyrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhaomfvnf; El&DrmvDuD
u &mxl;rSEkwfxGuf&efjiif;qefaejcif;aMumifh
tcufMuHKcJh&jcif;jzpfonf/ El&DrmvDuDonf
tD&wf0efBu;D csKy&f mxl;udk oufwrf;ESpBf urd q
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rmvDuu
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w,f/ tqifajyajyqufaqmif&u
G zf kYd wku
d w
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vdkygw,f}}[kajymonf/ NG(Ref; BBC)

tDbvkd mAkid ;f &yfpaf MumifU aoqH;k olwpfaxmifausm&f odS mG ;
*sDeDAm Mo*kwf 12
urÇmu
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1013OD;&SdNyD[k azmfjyonf/
taemuftmz&du Edkiif rH sm;
wGif jyefYyGm;aeaom tDbdkvm
Adkif;&yfpftEÅ&m,fudk ta&;ay:
tajctaecsrSwfí wm;qD;um
uG,frIrsm;jyKvkyfaeaomfvnf;
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quf&ad S eonf[k urÇmu
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rSpwifí taemuftmz&duEdkiif H
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jyefYyGm;rI jyefvnfjzpfay:cJhjcif;
aMumifh 52OD;aoqHk;cJhaMumif;
od&onf/ vdkufab;&D;,m;?
qD&mvD,GefESifh *DeDEdkifiHwdkYwGif
wpfausmjh yefysUH EcYHS o
hJ nfh tDbkdvm
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,ciftBudrrf sm;xufykdrkjd rifrh m;
cJo
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jyefyY mG ;rIxed ;f csKyaf &;tzGUJ u twnf
jyKxm;onf/
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aq;onf vHak vmufonfph rf;oyf
rIrsK;d rjyKvky&f ao;onfah q;jzpf
onf[kqdkonf/
NG(Ref; AP)

,lu&de;f ta&SyU ikd ;f okt
Yd axmuftyHrh sm; ½k&mS ;ay;ydfYk

atmfpumqk&rif;om; a&mfbif0DvsHaoqHk;
udk,Uudf k,fudk,f tqHk;pD&ifjcif;jzpf[kqdk

vlom;csi;f pmemrItultnDrsm;jzpfonf[k ½k&mS ;or®wajymMum;
armfpudk Mo*kwf 12
½k&Sm;EkdifiHonf ,lu&def;
EdkifiHta&SUykdif;&Sd jynfolrsm;
twGuf axmufyHha&;ypönf;
rsm;ay;ydkcY ahJ Mumif; ½k&mS ;rD',
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ta&S U yk d i f ; ok d Y apvT w f v d k u f
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csKyfxm;onfhe,fajrrsm;wGif
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ay;tyf o G m ;rnf j zpf a Mumif ;
azmfjyonf/ ½k&Sm;EdkifiHjcm;a&;
0efBuD;XmerS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;
u axmufyHha&;ypönf;rsm;ay;
ydk&Y ef ,lu&de;f tpdk;&ESio
hf abm
wlnDrI&&SdNyD;jzpfonf[k ajym

onf/ okdYaomf taemufEdkifiH
trsm;pkurl cGJxGufa&;orm;
rsm;xdef;csKyfxm;onfh e,fajr
rsm;okdY axmufyHha&;ypönf;rsm;
ay;ydkYaom ½k&Sm;EkdifiH\tjyK
trlrSm tav;xm;apmifhMunfh
&rnfhtjyKtrlrsKd;jzpfonf[k
owday;csufrsm; xkwfjyefcJh
onf/

½k&Sm;or®wylwifu ]],l
u&def;ta&SUydkif;rSm tcufMuHK
aewJhvlom;awGtrsm;BuD;&Sdyg
w,f/ 'gaMumifh uRefawmfwdkY
vlom;csif;pmemaxmufxm;rI
tultnDawGay;ydkYcJhwmjzpfyg
w,f/ ul n D a xmuf y H h r Ia wG
tm;vHk;udk EdkifiHwumMuuf
ajceDtzGJUeJY yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf

oGm;rSmyg/ ay;tyfwt
hJ ultnD
awGtwGuf ,lu&def;tpdk;&eJY
oabmwlnDrI&,lxm;NyD;jzpf
ygw,f/ tJ'h aD 'oawGrmS trSef
wu,ftultnDvt
kd yfwt
hJ ajc
taea&mufvmvkYd tckvakd qmif
&Gufwmjzpfygw,f}}[kajym
onf/
NG(Ref; Interfax)

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10

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BUSINESS 11

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12

OPINION

tvS
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tvSukd,fpD
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OPINION 13

? twGJ 2? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l;

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do for others.

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PEOPLE VOICE

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rauG;wkdif;a'oBuD; pukNrdKUe,f ref;acsmif;(puk)wHwm;onf ysOfcif;wHwm;jzpfí
wHwm;t&Snfay 900 &Sdum 1997 ckESpf rwf 23 &ufu zGifhvSpfcJhNyD; ,ckqkdvQif 14
ESpMf umcJNh yD;jzpfaMumif;? wHwm;BuD;rSm &moDOwk'Pf? ukew
f ifum;rsm;

Pf ponfwaYkd Mumifh
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tyfvsu&f adS Mumif;? vlu;l wHwm;i,fvnf;r&Sdojzifh um;? qkdifu,f? pufbD;rsm;? vlrsm;
tEÅ&m,fBuD;pGm a&Smif&Sm;jzwfoef;oGm;aeMuaMumif;od&onf/
vTrf;

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onf/
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d´ acgif;aqmifBuD;ae½l;
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h iG ;f
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f efUuu
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azmfjycJhonf/
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r&rDuyif... ,aeUusio
hf kH;aeaom
vGwfvyfíwuf<uaom EdkifiHjcm;
a&;rl0g' (urÇmNh idr;f csr;f a&;? a'o
wGi;f Nidr;f csr;f a&; zGUH NzdK;a&;OD;pm;ay;
vrf;pOf)udk csrw
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f sio
hf kH;cJah Mumif;
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txdr;f trSwt
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v 6 &ufuaejynfawmfwiG u
f si;f y
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wnfaxmifEikd &f efBuKd ;yrf;vsu&f o
S d nf/

CARTOON

,aeUjzpfpOfBuD;udk av;eufpGm?
apwemxm;pGm rdefUcGef;ajymMum;cJh
onf/ 'Drdkua&pDESifh aumif;aom
tkyfcsKyfa&;? em;vnfrIjrifhrm;vm
aMumif;? a'owGi;f Edkiif rH sm;tMum;
trSDo[J tjyeftvSefwdk;jr§ifhvm
aMumif;? owif;ESifh qufoG,fa&;
enf;ynmvnf; jynfow
l kUd vufvrS ;f
rDvmaMumif;...? ,if;tajymif;tvJ
rsm;onf vlxkaeUpOfb0udk &v'f
aumif;rsm;yHhydk;ay;aeaMumif; ajym
Mum;cJhonf/
2014 tmqD,OH uú|xkid cf kaH e&m
rS... jrefrmEdkiif u
H OD;aqmif&mwGif
tmqD,\
H vkyif ef;wm0efrsm;udk tjynfh
t0 taumiftxnfazmfay;Edkif
aMumif;? t&deS t
f [kejf zifh qufvuf
aqmif&GufaeaMumif;? u@pHk yl;
aygif;vkyaf qmifaeaMumif;...aejynf
awmfü (47) Budrfajrmuf tmqD,H
EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;rsm;tpnf;ta0;
rsm; usi;f yaeonfjzpf&m... jrefrm
Ekid if rH S wuf<upGmyg0ifNyD; aqG;aEG;
zuf vkyfazmfudkifzufrsm;jzpfaom
tdrfeD;csif;EkdifiHrsm;ESifh us,fjyefUpGm
vufwyJG ;l aygif;aqmif&u
G Nf yD; &v'f
aumif;rsm;zl;yGiv
hf maprnf {uefjzpf
awmhonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHtaejzifh AdkvfcsKyf
atmifqef;vufxufrpS í csrw
S cf Jh
aom a'owGi;f rdom;pkpw
d "f mwfEiS hf
tnD a'owGif;tmqD,HOD;aqmifrI
tcef;u@udk tav;xm;xde;f odr;f
NyD; Ouú|xdkicf krH aS eí tmqD,rH 0l g'?
a&SUvkyfief;pOfrsm;udk wm0efodod?
wm0efvnf;&do
S nft
h avsmuf cdkirf m
jywfom;&yfwnf vIyf&Sm;BudK;pm;
aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;...?
uRefawmf,kMH unfygaMumif; av;pm;
pGma&;om;tyfygonf/

tdro
f mí {nfv
h maejcif;onf

'Drdkua&pD\ tESpfom& jzpfyg\
'Drdkua&pDqdkwm bmvJ/
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cGiv
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rsm;pGm jynfhpkH&maygh/
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jrwfEdk;Muonf/ wG,fwmMuonf/ wefzdk;xm;Mu
onf/ cspfMuonf/ zufwG,fMuonf/ oHa,mZOf&Sd
Muonf/
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xm0& OD;xdyfyefqif&rnfht&monf 'Drdkua&pDom
jzpfyg\/
tb,faMumifyh genf;/ bmaMumifyh genf;/ &Si;f yg
tHh/
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dY Edkiif o
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tif;0acwf? uke;f abmifacwf? .....acwf? ....acwf
rsm;pGm jzwfoef;cJhNyDyJ/
ajymcsifwmu udk,fhxD;udk,fheef; udk,fhMuiSef;eJY/
udk,fhawm? udk,fhawmif? udk,fha&? udk,fhajr? udk,fh
bk&if? udk,fhocifeJY/ owåd? Aswåd? ZGJt&SdeJY/ om,m
at;csrf;? a&Tjynfeef;jzpfcJhwm tm;vkH;todyJav/
wdki;f jynfat;csr;f atmif b,foal wGvkycf w
hJ mvJ/
wdki;f &if;om;awGaygh/ wdki;f jynfom,matmif b,fol
awG zefw;D cJw
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tpOftvmBuD;rm;wJh uREkyf w
f &kYd hJ jrefrmjynf bmaMumifh
rat;csrf;&rSmvJ/ wdkif;jynfwnfNidrfatmif? zGHUNzdK;
atmif? wdk;wufatmifvkyf&rSmu jynfoljynfom;?
wdkif;&if;om;tm;vkH;&JUwm0efyJav/
bmcufaevdkv
Y J/ bmjzpfaevdkv
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f m
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xlaxmifcw
hJ w
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S af tmif?
cdkijf rJatmif? rNydKuGaJ tmif xde;f odr;f &rSmyJr[kwv
f m;/
nDñGwfzdkY? nDnmzdkY? jynfomzdkYom t"duyJav/
'Dae&mrSm jynfomzdkq
Y dkwm xyfajymyg&ap/ tdrf
omrS {nfhvmowJh/ jynfomrS {nfhvmowJh/ jynf
omrS {nfhfvmrSmaygh/ wdkif;jynfat;csrf;? Nidrf;csrf;?
om,m0ajymw,fqkw
d m 'Drku
d a&pDxeG ;f um;rS jzpfwm
av/ 'ghaMumifh ]'Drkdua&pD}qdkwm ta&;BuD;w,fvkdY
ajymwmaygh/
'DaeY jrefrmEdkifiH[m ]'Drdkua&}&SdwJhEdkifiHaygh/
bmaMumifv
h /J t&Si;f om;yg/ jynfoal wG a&G;aumuf
wifajr§mufxm;wJh tpdk;&&Sdwm/ 'Drdkua&pDaygh/ 'Drdk
ua&pDqdkwm ]*&dpf} bmompum;u qif;ouf
vmwmyJ/ jynfoljynfom; vltrsm;tkyfpdk;aompepf
wJh/ jynfolawG a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufxm;aom tpdk;&
u jynfoal wGu csrw
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f m;aom pnf;rsO;f pnf;urf;
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,aeYurÇmrSm taemuftkyfpkonf 'Drdkua&pDudk
wefzdk;xm;vGef;vSonf/ 'Drdkua&pDudk cspfMuonf/
jrwfEdk;Muonf/ av;pm;Muonf/ pkHrufMuonf/
tjypfrjrif cspfcifwwfvGef;Muonf/
Munfhav/ ,cifu jrefrmjynfudk tvnfvmzdkY
0efav;Muonf/ txifao;Muonf/ 'Drdkua&pDr&Sd
aom vlUtcGift
h a&;csKd;azmufcx
H m;&aom wdkif;jynf

oD[ausmf (yk*)H
i,fav; wpfcktjzpftodtrSwfjyKxm;onf/ wcsKdU
qdkvQif jrefrmjynfudk b,fqDaeonfrodMu/ oem;
p&m vlom;rsm;aexdkif&m t&yfa'owpfcktjzpfom
rSwf,lxm;Muonf/
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tvS<u,fcsed jf zpfonf/ jynfou
l a&G;cs,w
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jzpfaom wdki;f jynfwpfcktjzpf vufcx
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jynf\ 'Drkdua&pDukd todtrSwjf yKvdkv
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f mvdkY {nfv
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jrefrmjynf\
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'Drdkua&pDpepf xGef;um;csdeftjzpf
urÇmuodvmMuNyD/
odxm;MuNyD/
todtrSwfjyKxm;MuNyD/
'Dru
kd a&pDonfþrQwefz;kd &So
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kd a&pDukd
jrwfEdk;wG,fwm? wefzdk;xm;Mu&rnf r[kwfygvm;/
bmaMumifh 'Drdkua&pDudk tdk;rJokwfcsifaeMu&wmvJ/
bmaMumifhaemufaMumif; jyefvSnfhcsifaeMu&wmvJ/
bmaMumifh jynfwGif;qlylrI jzpfcsifaeMu&wmvJ/
'Drkdua&pDukd twåBuD;pGmeJY cspí
f r&/ rQwpGm? nDñw
G f
pGm? pnf;vk;H pGm? pnf;urf;&Spd mG ? csp&f efvkdonf r[kwf
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onf/
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&m vrf;pomjzpfyg\/ tcsi;f csi;f aoG;cGaJ ejcif;onf
'Drkdua&pDukd rsuu
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tESpcf sKyfíqdk&ygrl tdro
f mí {nfv
h maejcif;onf
'Drkdua&pDyef; yGiv
hf ef;aeíom jzpfyg\/ jrefrmjynf\
'Drdkua&pDyef; xm0&yGifhvef;aeap&ef? wdkif;jynfudk
cspjf rwfEkd;wefzkd;xm;aom wdki;f &if;om;jynfow
l pf&yf
vk;H u xm0&OD;xdyyf efqifxed ;f odr;f apmifah &SmufMu&ef
jzpfygaMumif; a&;om;vdkuf&ygownf;/

14

ENVIRONMENTAL

twGJ 2? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l; ?

rkwrå yifv,fauG u
Y dk tjynfjynfqidk f&mtodtrSwf
a&wdraf 'o(Ramsar Site ) jzpfajrmufa&;
0kdif;0ef;ulnDaqmif&Gufay;apvkdygw,f....
jrefrmEdkiif üH iSurf sKd ;pdwx
f ed ;f odr;f apmifah &SmufrEI iS yhf wfoufjyD; ZD0rsKd ;pHkrsKd ;uGEJ iS o
hf bm0xde;f odr;f trSwfjyKa&wdrfa'o (Ramsar
a&;toif;(BANCA) rS pDrHudef;refae*sm OD;jynfhjzdK;atmifESifhqufoG,far;jref;xm;onfudk azmfjy Site) tjzpftodtrSwjf yKEkid af &;
vdkufygonf/
vkyif ef;rsm;ukv
d kyu
f ikd af qmif&u
G f
a0a0jzdK;
aeygw,f/
&ckdifjynfe,f eHomuRef;rSm
vnf; a&an§mifhEIwf0kdif;iSuf
xde;f odr;f a&;vkyif ef;rsm;ukv
d kyf
ukdifaqmif&Gufaeygw,f/
weoF m &D w k d i f ; a'oBuD ;
i0efBudK;0kdif;eJY avnmBudK;0kdif;
twGi;f rsKd ;okO;f r,ft
h EÅ&m,fEiS hf
&ifqikd af e&wJh awmifi;kH &ifriJ u
S f
Gurney’s Pitta (Pitta gurneyi)
IUCN Status (EN)? jrefrmjynf

tv,fykdif;u a'gif;

Green
Peafowl (Pavo muticus) IUCN

pwJh xdef;odrf;a&;
vkyif ef;awGuv
kd kyu
f ikd af qmif&u
G f
aeygw,f/
tck a r;wmeJ U ywf o uf j yD ;
bmrsm;jznfph u
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vuf&SdtcsdefrSm BANCA
taeeJY rkwåryifv,fauGUudk
tjynfjynfqikd &f m todtrSwjf yK
xde;f odr;f xm;wJah &wdraf 'ojzpf
ajrmufvmzdt
kY wGuf ywf0ef;usif
xdef;odrf;a&;ESifh opfawma&;
&m0efBuD;XmeeJY yl;aygif;aqmif
&Guaf eNyD; oufqkid &f mjynfe,f?
wkid ;f a'oBuD;awGuXmeqkid &f m?
aumfrwDawGtjyif a'ocHawGeYJ
yl;aygif;NyD; (Ramsar Site ) jzpf
ajrmufa&;? a'ocHjynfov
l x
l k
twGut
f usKd ;&v'frsm;?xde;f odr;f
a&;vkyfief;pOfrsm;ukd &Sif;vif;
ajymMum;jcif;wdkYtaeeJYyl;aygif;
aqmif&u
G af eygw,f/tJ't
D wGuf
aMumifh oufqdkif&mXmeqkdif&m
rsm;? a'ocHrsm;?jynfolvlxkrS
rkwåryifv,fauGUtm; tjynf
jynfqkid &f mtodtrSwx
f ed ;f odr;f
xm;aoma&wdraf 'o (Ramsar
Site) jzpfajrmufvma&;twGuf
0kdif;0ef;yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufay;
MuzdkYwkdufwGe;f csifygw,f/
Status(EN)

rkwåryifv,fauGUrmS aexdkif
usufpm;wJh iSufrsdK;pdwfaygif;
b,fESrsdK;&SdygovJ/
rkwåryifv,fauGUtwGi;f rSm
aexkid u
f supf m;wJh uke;f iSu?f a&
iSu?f aqmif;ckid u
S ?f XmaeiSurf sm;
tygt0ifiu
S rf sKd ;pdwaf ygif; 140
cefU&ydS gw,f/ a&iSu?f aqmif;ckd
iSurf sm;taejzifrh sKd ;pdwf 50 cefU
om&Sdygw,f/
vuf&rdS mS rsKd ;okO;f r,ft
h ajc
taeudk &ifqdkifae&wJhiSufawG
&JUemrnfav;odyg&ap/
(1) Spoon-billed Sandpiper, IUCN Status(CR)

a&an§mifhEIwf0kdif;iSuf
(2) Spotted Greenshank
(Tringa guttifer) IUCN Status
(EN)

(3) Great Knot (Calidris
tenuirostris) IUCN Status
(VU)

(4)

Black-tailed Godwit
(Limosa limosa) IUCN Status

(NT)

(5) Eurasian

Curlew
(Numenius arquata) IUCN

wdkYjzpfygw,f/
rsdK;okOf;oGm;wJh iSufawG&JU
emrnfvJodyg&ap/
vuf&t
dS csed x
f rd w
k rå yifv,f
auGUrmS rsKd ;okO;f aysmufu,
G o
f mG ;
wJhiSuf r&Sdao;ygbl;/
use&f adS eao;wJh iSurf sKd ;pdwf
awGukdrsKd ;okO;f roGm;atmifb,f
vdkumuG,rf aI wGjyKvkyaf eygvJ/
rkwåryifv,fauGUtwGif;
ESppf Ofaqmif;ckid u
S af wGuakd vhvm
okawoejyKvkyjf cif;?a'ocHawG
udk ynmay;vkyfief;rsm;jyKvkyf
jcif;?iSurf kq;kd awGukid u
S zf rf;jcif;
r[kwfaom tjcm;vkyfief;rsm;
ajymif;vJvkyu
f kid &f ef axmufyrhH I
ay;jcif;?a'ocHxed ;f odr;f a&;tzGUJrsm;
zGJUpnf;ay;jcif;? uif;vSnfhxdef;
odr;f a&; vkyif ef;rsm;vkyaf qmif
jcif;?oifwef;rsm;ykUd csjcif;awGvkyf
aeygw,f/
Status (NT)

iSufrsdK;pdwaf wGrsdK;okOf;wm
bmhaMumifhygvJ/
rkwåryifv,fauGUudk vm
a&mufwJh aqmif;ckdiSuftrsm;pk
[m EkdifiHrsm;pGmukd jzwfoef;
vm&jcif;? a&an§mifEh w
I 0f ikd ;f iSuf
rsm;rSm rkdifaygif; 5000cefU ysH
oef;vm&wJt
h wGuaf Mumifh &moD
Owkajymif;vJr'I Pfc&H jcif;?a'o
twGi;f iSuzf rf;rkqk;d rsm;aMumifh
rsdK;okOf;vm&jcif;? urf;½kd;wef;
wpfavQmufqyd u
f rf;rsm;?puf½rHk sm;
wnfaqmufvmjcif;aMumifh tcsKd U
pm;usuaf jrrsm; aysmufq;kH vm&
jcif;qdkwJhtcsufawGaMumifhyg/
iSurf sKd ;pdwx
f ed ;f odr;f apmifh
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h kdi;f
vsuf&SdaMumif;od&onf/

18

CRIME

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MINISTRY 19

? twGJ 2? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l;

trsdK;om;pD;yGm;a&;ESifh vlrIa&;tBuHay;aumifpD (NESAC) aqG;aEG;yGJusif;y

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FORUM 21

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22

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SPORTS 23

? twGJ 2? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l;

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24

twGJ 2? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l;

CURRENT

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CARTOON

,aeUjzpfpOfBuD;udk av;eufpGm?
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Mum;cJhonf/
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aygif;vkyaf qmifaeaMumif;...aejynf
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rsm; usi;f yaeonfjzpf&m... jrefrm
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14

ENVIRONMENTAL

twGJ 2? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l; ?

rkwrå yifv,fauG u
Y dk tjynfjynfqidk f&mtodtrSwf
a&wdraf 'o(Ramsar Site ) jzpfajrmufa&;
0kdif;0ef;ulnDaqmif&Gufay;apvkdygw,f....
jrefrmEdkiif üH iSurf sKd ;pdwx
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vdkufygonf/
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S f
Gurney’s Pitta (Pitta gurneyi)
IUCN Status (EN)? jrefrmjynf

tv,fykdif;u a'gif;

Green
Peafowl (Pavo muticus) IUCN

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(2) Spotted Greenshank
(Tringa guttifer) IUCN Status
(EN)

(3) Great Knot (Calidris
tenuirostris) IUCN Status
(VU)

(4)

Black-tailed Godwit
(Limosa limosa) IUCN Status

(NT)

(5) Eurasian

Curlew
(Numenius arquata) IUCN

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Status (NT)

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aMumif; od&onf/

LOCAL 17

? twGJ 2? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l;

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18

CRIME

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tm; aemuf b uf r S 0 if a &muf
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pOf 11^2014jzifh a&;zGifh ppfaq;aqmif&Gufvsuf&Sdonf/

MINISTRY 19

? twGJ 2? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l;

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FORUM 21

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22

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SPORTS 23

? twGJ 2? trSwf 125 (13-8-2014) Ak'¨[l;

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