WILSON

Smith y Van Ness
Pagina 512.

Para el sistema 2-propanol(l)/agua(2), los valores siguientes de parámetros son recomendados para la ecuació
a12=437.98 cal/mol, a21=1238 cal/mol
V, = 76.92
cm3/mol
V2 = 18.07 cm3/mol
Además, se tienen las siguientes ecuaciones de Antoine:

ln P1sat  16.6780 

3640.20
T  53.54

ln P2sat  16.28870 

3816.44
T  46.13

en donde T está en kelvins y la presión de vapor está en kPa. R=1.987cal/molK
a) P y {yi} para T = 353.15 K y xl= 0.25.
b) P y {xi}, para T = 353.15 K y y1 = 0.60.
c) T y {yi}, para P = 101.33 kPa y xl = 0.85.
d) T y {xi}, para P = 101.33 kPa y y1 = 0.40.

 A12
A21 

ln  1   ln x1  x 2 A12   x 2 

 x1  x 2 A12 x 2  x1 A21 
 A12
A21 

ln  2   ln x 2  x1 A21   x1 

 x1  x 2 A12 x 2  x1 A21 

WILSON etros son recomendados para la ecuación de Wilson: V2  a12 A12  exp V1 RT V1  a 21 A21  exp V2 RT x1 1 P1* y1  P A21    x 2  x1 A21  A21    x 2  x1 A21  P  x1 *  1 P1*  x2 *  2 P Ti sat  Bi  Ci Ai  ln P T   xi Ti sat .

Presión de Burbuja V2 V1 T x1 P1 sat P2 sat R a12 a21 A12 A21 gama1 gama2 P y1 cm3/mol cm3/mol K x2 1 kPa * P  x *  P  x2 *  2 P 1 1 1 kPa cal/molK cal/mol cal/mol x1 1 P1* y1  P kPa y2 Las cantidades en verde tienen fórmula Las cantidades en rosa son datos .

Sacar P1 sat Sacar P2 sat Ecuación Antonie Sacar A12 x2 *  2 P Sacar A21 Sacar 1 Sacar 2 Sacar P Sacar y1 y2=1-y1 A12  V2 a exp 12 V1 RT A21  V1 a exp 21 V2 RT  A1 ln  1   ln x1  x 2 A12   x 2   x1  x  A1 ln  2   ln x 2  x1 A21   x1   x1  x .

 A12 A21    x 2 A12   x 2    x1  x 2 A12 x 2  x1 A21   A12 A21    x1 A21   x1    x1  x 2 A12 x 2  x1 A21  .

71178 96.449009 0.449056 0.550968 0.125856 0.404444 1.550930 0.447205 0.729423 0.71171 96.448541 0.125856 0.Presión de Rocío b) P y {xi}.447843 0.565746 0.125856 0.395614 1.125856 0.71171 96.125856 0.557438 0.60.449067 0.38 438 1238 cal/molK cm3/mol cm3/mol K y2 kPa kPa cal/mol cal/mol x1 0.71171 96.729423 0.729423 0.550928 Los resultados están en amarillo 0.71186 96.125856 0.729423 0.395645 1.71171 96.401398 1.729423 0.125856 0. para T = 353.729423 0.398082 1.71598 96.426964 1.552157 0.449070 0.448923 0.729423 0.729423 0.6 92.553763 0.71171 96.448844 0.448724 0.125856 0.71171 96.71171 1.125856 0.395761 1.92 18.125856 0.729423 0.71171 96.396275 1.729423 0.442562 0.551077 0.71171 96.125856 0.71172 96.125856 0.449072 x2 0.125856 0.560765 0.551025 0.125856 A21 0.552795 0.729423 0.395594 1.409083 1.7214 96.729423 0.4 A12 0.71252 96.729423 0.71358 96.416157 1.434254 0.729423 0.125856 0.729423 0.2 0.729423 0.397218 1.987 76.125856 0.550933 0.550991 0.448264 0.395573 1.396029 1.71174 96.729423 0.395691 1.125856 0.395567 1.729423 0.551736 0.01262 96.729423 gama1 1.446237 0.444773 0.448975 0.395563 .551276 0.395867 1. R V1 V2 T y1 P1 sat P2 sat a12 a21 P 67.125856 0.59 47.125856 0.550937 0.551459 0.449063 0.729423 0.550944 0.555227 0.395581 1.449047 0.125856 0.125856 0.15 K y y1 = 0.439235 0.71206 96.396649 1.71171 96.449032 0.71171 96.399398 1.551156 0.550953 0.729423 0.07 353.

456151 1.479834 1.482002 1.481834 1.482005 A 12  V2  a 12 exp V1 RT A 21  V1  a 21 exp V2 RT  ln  1   ln  x1  x2 A12   x2  x  1  ln  2   ln  x2  x1 A21   x1  x  1 P El cambio de P es muy pequeño  A12 A21    x2 A12 x2  x1 A21    A12 A21    x2 A12 x2  x1 A21   1 y1  1 P1 x1  sat  y2  2 P2sat y1 P  1 P1 sat .481895 1.481935 1.470556 1.477002 1.Sacar P1sat y P2sat P  1 y1 P1  y2 sat P 2sat y1P P1 sat x1  x 2  1  x1 gama2 1.48139 1.481997 1.481742 1.474428 1.481978 1.46476 1.48199 1.480577 1.478707 1.481961 1.481067 1.481602 1.

2 2 A12 2 2 A12   A21  x2  x1 A21     A21  x2  x1 A21   .

242241 95.020299 1.847474 353.678 53.0197 gama1 0.9268 2.07 76.126021 0.126004 0.731781 0.538685 95.54 355.539 kPa P1 sat 95.15 °K °K 112.020299 .847474 353.61 57.39 358.Temperatura de Burbuja V2 V1 P x1 R B A C Ti T P1 sat a12 a21 A12 A21 l ln gama1 ln gama 2 P1 sat ITERACIONES 18.020299 1.126004 A21 0.85 1.242241 95.5265 gama2 95.020288 1.847474 A12 0.289 Datos de Antoine 46.4 16.848902 353.602 P2 sat 437.13 373.98 cal/mol 1238 cal/mol 0.8475 353.731786 0.242243 95.242241 T 353.1269 0.92 101.987 3640.242343 95.731781 gama 1 1.020299 1.33 0.2 16.126004 0.15 3816.731781 0.05 cm3/mol cm3/mol kPa x2 0.126004 0.020299 1.126004 0.020299 1.7471 0.0195 1.924485 353.731781 0.731781 0.732062 0.247734 95.847474 353.126004 0.

126004 0.731781 0.847474 95.731781 0.847474 0.126004 0.847474 95.020299 .126004 0.020299 1.020299 1.242241 353.242241 353.95.242241 353.731781 Como el cambio de T es pequeño ya se puede sacar y 1.

563036316 2.56303655 2.54 V2  A12  exp V1 R V1  A21  exp V2 R  ln  1   ln x1  x 2 A12   x 2   x1   ln  2   ln x 2  x1 A21   x1   x1  gama 2 2.Ti sat T  ln P1sat  16.56303655 y1 y1 sat 1 P P   x1 1  x2 2  P  Bi T Ai  ln P1sa .20 T  53.563036546 2.563023943 2.56303655 2.6780  Bi  Ai  ln P xT i sat i 3640.562357232 2.

18484902 Bi T Ai  ln P1sa .56303655 0.56303655 2.56303655 2.2.81515098 0.

13 .28870  V2  a12 A12  exp V1 RT V1  a 21 A21  exp V2 RT  A12 A21    ln x1  x 2 A12   x 2    x1  x 2 A12 x 2  x1 A21   A12 A21   ln x 2  x1 A21   x1    x1  x 2 A12 x 2  x1 A21  sat 1 P P   P2sat  x1 1  x2 2  sat  P 1   Bi T  Ci sat Ai  ln P1 3816.54 Bi   Ci Ai  ln P xT i sat i ln P2sat  16.Ti sat T  3640.44 T  46.20  53.

Bi T  Ci sat Ai  ln P1 DT son pequeñas y1  x P P * 1 1 1 .

33 kPa y y1 = 0.92 101. A21 0. R V2 V1 P y1 B A C Ti T 1.31 267.397128 A12 0. para P = 101.8588 0.T de Rocío d) T y {xi}.29 Datos de Antoine 46.40.4 3640.86 cal/molK a12 cm3/mol a21 cm3/mol kPa y2 0.735667 437.98 1238 267.397 P2 sat kPa kPa P2 sat 0.987 18.54 248.103166 Se itera hasta que DT sea pequeña.9 °K °K ln P1 sat P1 sat ln P2 sat 0.07 76.33 0.2 16.7357 kPa °K P1 sat T 0.415811 x1 .6 3816 16.678 53.13 280.

13 3816.13 A12  V2 a exp 12 V1 RT A21  V1  a 21 exp V2 RT x1  y1 P  1 P1 sat   A12 A21  ln  1   ln  x1  x2 A12   x2   x  x A x  x A 2 12 2 1 21   1   A12 A21  ln  2   ln  x2  x1 A21   x1   x  x A x  x A 2 12 2 1 21   1 .Ti sat  cal/mol cal/mol T  ln P1sat  16.54 ln P2sat  16.44 T  46.28870  x2 3816.6780 Bi  Ci Ai  ln P xT i sat i 3640.28870 Pi sat  P  i T yii  Pj  i  Pi sat sat 1 2     Bi  Ci sat Ai  ln P1 ln P2sat  16.20 T  53.44 T  46.

28870 3816.44 T  46.44 T  46.ln P2sat  16.13  A12 A21    x2 A12 x2  x1 A21   A12 A21    x2 A12 x2  x1 A21  .13 3816.