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# sequences and series - Is the sum of sin(n)/n convergent or divergent?

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http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/36732/is-the-sum-of-sinn-n-convergent-or-divergent[2012-04-01 1:44:58]
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Possible Duplicate:
Proving that the sequence is boundedly convergent on
So, in my calculus class (one I'm teaching, not taking), the sum has come up a few
times. Unfortunately, as someone not exactly an expert in the convergence of sums, it seems to
resist the few techniques I know. Certain none of the usual first year calculus tricks (integral test,
alternating series test, ratio test, etc.) work, and the only more tricky technique, partial
summation, I can think of doesn't seem to work either (one would need that is
bounded, which I believe is false).
It seems like it should converge, since it switches sign quite often, but on the other hand, the
harmonic series can mess with your intuition, so I don't have much trust in that. So, I ask to you:
Does this series converge?
(sequences-and-series)
link improve this question
edited Oct 10 '11 at 11:52 asked May 3 '11 at 17:35
6 Andrey Rekalo's answer here seems to answer your question. t.b. May 3 '11 at 17:38
According to Wolphram Alpha it converges to wolframalpha.com/input/?
i=Sum+1+to+infinity+sin%28n%29%2Fn Amrico Tavares May 3 '11 at 17:42
1 @Amrico: in the thread I linked to there is a derivation of that limit. t.b. May 3 '11 at 17:44
@Theo: I started writing my comment before yours was visible. Now it is irrelevant. Amrico Tavares May
3 '11 at 17:50
Given the way the question is titled, I would answer "yes" Ross Millikan Oct 10 '11 at 13:00
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closed as exact duplicate by t.b., Zev Chonoles , Aryabhata, Ben Webster, Isaac
May 4 '11 at 23:15
This question covers exactly the same ground as earlier questions on this topic; its answers may be
merged with another identical question. See the FAQ for guidance on how to improve it.
Is the sum of sin(n)/n convergent or divergent? [closed]
t.b.
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Ben Webster
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Proving that the sequence
is boundedly
convergent on
Related
Sum of the alternating harmonic
series
Convergence of
Is divergent?
(x) = F
n

k=1
n
sinkx
k
R

n=1
sin(n)
n
sin(n)
N
n=1
( 1)
1
2
(x) = F
n

k=1
n
sinkx
k
R
sin( )/n
n=1

n
k

n=2

(1)
n
n
2
(ln(n))
n
search
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13
The sum of
which is clearly bounded and hence by generalized alternating series test (also known as
Dirichlet's test) the sum converges.
EDIT
Hence,
link improve this answer
edited Oct 10 '11 at 7:42 answered May 3 '11 at 17:40
What does the Generalized Alternating Series Test say? Jonathan Gleason May 3 '11 at 17:42
1 @GleasSpty: The generalized alternating test is also known as Dirichlet's test. Wiki explains this in some
detail en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dirichlet_test Sivaram Ambikasaran May 3 '11 at 17:46
How does one prove that formula for the sum? I'm guessing that writing and
then following your nose gives the result, but I haven't tried it. Michael Lugo May 3 '11 at 17:53
2 @Michael: An elegant way in my opinion would be to multiply the sum by and then write it as a
telescopic difference of cosines canceling out the terms to get the answer in the final form.
Sivaram Ambikasaran May 3 '11 at 17:54
@ShreevatsaR: doesn't need to have a limit. All we need is to be bounded. (In fact consider the
alternating series . The sequence of partial sums of the numerator is which
doesn't have a limit but it is bounded and hence the series converges.) Sivaram Ambikasaran May 3 '11 at
18:16
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process91
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Sivaram Ambikasaran
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Why?
sin(n) =
n=1
N sin(N) cot( )cos(N) +cot( )
1
2
1
2
2
= sin(n) S
N

n=1
N
2sin( ) = (cos(n ) cos(n+ )) =cos( ) cos(N + )
1
2
S
N

n=1
N
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
= S
N
cos( ) cos(N + )
1
2
1
2
2sin( )
1
2
sin(n) =( )/(2i) e
i n
e
i n
sin( )
1
2
S
N
S
N
1 +
1
2
1
3
1
4
1,0,1,0,
(x) = F
n

k=1
n
sinkx
k
R
sin

n
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n=1

sinan
an

n=1

a
n

1
n
n
(1
n=1

)
n+1
(n) sin
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exp( )

k=1
k

n
k=1
sin
(kn)
2k+1
sin
(knh)
2k+1

n
k=1
sin
l
(kn)
2k+1
sin
n
k=1
1
k
sin(g(n))
f(n)
= (arctan u
n

n
p=0
x
2
p
)
2
cos sin
2
n