H, a letter not originally found in the ogham or in Gaelic; now grouped with other letters to suggest lenition.

HAOINE, DI-, (je hoeunn-e), Friday, from aoine, fast, after the goddess Aoine; OIr. oine, Br. iun, Latin, jejunium, the major fast-day of each week. "Friday is a good day for planting or sowing...engaging one's self in matrimony or any other bargain. It is not right to buy on a Friday, nor to be buried, nor cut one's nails or hair, nor to kill sheep. On Good Friday no metal must be put in the ground, such as a spade or plough; but seaweed may be spread on the surface, or the wooden rake used. It is not right to sharpen a knife on Friday. A knife so treated is cursed and will probably be used before long to skin one's own cattle, which will have fallen to the Powers of Evil, or fallen dead before the Evil Eye. A person born on Friday is said to be delicate and dilatory." (Celtic Monthly, p. 162). HI, HY, obsolete word, see I. See also Breas-il also entitled Hy-Breasil. See I na-beatha. The prime island of Hy was Iona, the modern name being transposed from Ioua, the error having come from Adamanan’s remark that Columba’s name in Hebrew was Iona, “a Dove.” An earlier form were Ivo which became Eo or Eu. The root is thought to be beo, “living.” Relates to the Eir. Eo, a yew-tree. Thus an “island of yew-trees.” William Watson relates these words to the Gaullish god Ivavos, the genius of healing waters of Evaux in France, but notice also the more localized Aod or Hu. In any event, the yew was the longest lived tree in the forest, “Patriarch of the woods, sacred to feasts.” Irish literature makes mention of Fer hI mac Eogbail, a foster son to Manaan

mac Ler, and a druid of the Tuatha daoine. He came out of the western Otherworld to fetch an Irish concubine for Manann and failed in the project. In another tale he is credited with using music as a charm to promote a quarrel among the leading men of Munster. Interestingly, his father’s name translates as Eo-gabal, the “Yew-fork.” Clearly he was a divinity of the forest. HIORT, OIr. Hirt, Irt, to pass through or over. A death place. This is the Gaelic name for St. Kilda. In the Norse sagas it is given as Hirtir, “certain isles beside the Hebrides.” Later it is seen spelled Hert, Hyrte or Hirth, “the strongest of all isles.” “likely that the ancient Celts fancied sunset isle to be the gate of their earthly paradise, the Land-under-the waves, over the brink of the western sea. This name occurs as Duibh-hirteach, “the black deadly one,” the name for a lonely rock north of Colonsay, another danger in the sea. A resident of Colonsay confided that this rock was “a great bogey used to keep the children in their place.”It was once a common threat to say to children, “Quiet, or I’ll send you to Hirt on the Cow’s back.” A teasing person was often driven off with the words, “I wish you alone on Hirt!” HUI CORRA. A traveller in the Atlantic. One of his brothers saw a vision of the Otherworld and was converted to Christianity: “I perceived thereafter that I was borne away by birds to look upon Heaven. I saw the Lord himself upon His throne and a bird-flock of angels making music to Him. Then I saw a bright bird. sweeter than all the rest. And (Saint) Michael was there and it was he who stood in birdform before the Almighty. See eun. HUISDEAN or ‘Uisdean, Uis, Hui, Eng. Hugh, less frequently Hew, in Argyllshire G. Eôghan, MG. Huisduinn, “Hugh’s man,” from Scand.-Germ. models. Confers with ON Eysteinn, the root is thought to be ON. hug, thought. Note that Hugin was one of the raven-messengers of the god Odin. Also confers with the G. Aod, one of the old day-gods often seen as the equivalent of Lugh. “In terms of modern usage Hugh is decidedly Scottish. It was in 12th position in 1858, 15th in

1935, and 28th (in popularity as a boy’s name) in 1958. The name has hardly been used in other English-speaking countries except Ireland for the last hundred years.” In Scotland the feminine Hughina is still seen and many Scottish surnames derive from this god: Hewat, Hewet, Hewit, Hewatson, Hewison, Howat, Howatson, Hugan, Huggin, Hughson, etc. See Aod for additional material.