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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters N-1
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Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
WCDMA Power
Control Algorithm and
Parameters
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Page2 Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Foreword
Power control categories:
Uplink power control
Downlink power control
Power control types:
Open loop power control
Closed loop power control
Inner loop power control
Outer loop power control
The WCDMA system is an interference-limited system, and the most important way to
restrain system interference is power control. The core purpose of power control is to
minimized the power of transmitting signals while ensuring Quality of Service (QoS).
In the uplink, a UE emitting too high power will cause unacceptable competing interference
on the NodeB in comparison to signals coming from UEs at the cell edge. This is called
near-far effect. To avoid near-far effect, uplink power control is required.
In the downlink, the system capacity is determined by the total code power. Therefore, it is
necessary to keep the transmit power at the lowest possible level while still ensuring signal
quality at the UE.
At open loop power control, the initial transmit power is calculated. This method is rather
inaccurate and it is only applied at the beginning of a connection setup.
At closed loop power control, the transmitter dynamically adjusts its transmit power
according to the feedback from the receiver of the other side. Closed loop power control is
further classified into the following types:
Inner loop power control directly adjusts the transmit power of the transmitter by
using power control commands.
Outer loop power control indirectly controls the transmit power of the transmitter.
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References
3GPP TS 25.211: Physical Channels and Mapping of Transport
Channels onto Physical Channels (FDD)
3GPP TS 25.214: Physical Layer Procedures (FDD)
3GPP TS 25.331: RRC Protocol Specification
3GPP TS 25.433: UTRAN Iub Interface NodeB Application Part
(NBAP) Signaling
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Objectives
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
Describe the purpose and function of power control
Perform parameters modification of open loop power control
Perform parameters modification of inner loop power control
Perform parameters modification of outer loop power control
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Contents
1. Power Control Overview
2. Open Loop Power Control
3. Closed Loop Power Control
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Contents
1. Power Control Overview
2. Open Loop Power Control
3. Closed Loop Power Control
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Purpose of Uplink Power Control
Uplink transmission character:
Self-interference system
Uplink capacity is limited by interference level
Near-far effect
Fading
Uplink power control function:
Ensure uplink quality with minimum transmission power
Decrease interference to other UE, and increase capacity
Solve the near-far effect
Save UE transmission power
CDMA system have the embedded characteristics of self-interference, for uplink one users
transmission power become interference to others.
The more connected users, the higher interference. Generally the capacity is limited by
interference level.
WCDMA suffer from Near-far effect, which means if all UE use the same transmission
power, the one close to the NodeB may block the entire cell.
Uplink power control can guarantee the service quality and minimize the required
transmission power. It will resolve the near-far effect and resist fading of signal propagation.
By lowering the uplink interference level, the system capacity will be increased.
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Purpose of Downlink Power Control
Downlink transmission character:
Interference among different subscribers
Interference from other adjacent cells
Downlink capacity is limited by NodeB transmission power
Fading
Downlink power control function:
Ensure downlink quality with minimum transmission power
Decrease interference to other cells, and increase capacity
Save NodeB transmission power
The downlink has different characteristics from the uplink, for downlink interference is
caused by multi-path, part of one users power also become interference to others.
Downlink power from adjacent cells also is one part of interference to the own cell.
Transmission power of NodeB is shared by all users channels, so downlink capacity usually
is considered to be limited by transmission power.
Downlink power control also can guarantee the service quality and minimize the required
transmission power, so the capacity is maximized in case that interference is lowered.
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Effect of Power Control
Time (ms)
0 200 400 600 800
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
R
e
l
a
t
i
v
e

p
o
w
e
r

(
d
B
)
Channel Fading
Transmitting power
Receiving power
Because of channel fading in mobile communication system, the radio signal is deteriorated
and fluctuated, the fast power control become one key technology to resist this
phenomenon.
In this figure, the channel fading is compensated by the transmitting power, which is
adjusted by the fast power control, so the receiving power is almost constant and the radio
propagation condition is improved.
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Power Control Classification
Open loop power control:
Uplink/Downlink open loop power control
Closed loop power control:
Uplink/Downlink inner loop power control
Uplink/Downlink outer loop power control
In WCDMA system, power control includes open loop and closed loop power control.
Open loop power control is used to determine the initial transmission power, and the
closed loop power control adjusts the transmission power dynamically and continuously
during the connection.
For uplink, the UEs transmission power is adjusted; and for downlink, the NodeBs
transmission power is adjusted.
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Power Control for Physical Channels
Power control methods are adopted for these physical channels:
" : can be applied; : can not be applied
SCH
PICH
AICH
PRACH
SCCPCH
PCCPCH
DPCCH
DPDCH
Outer Loop
Power Control
Inner Loop Power
Control
No Power
Control
Closed Loop Power Control
Open Loop
Power
Control
Physical
Channel
Open loop power control is used in two cases:
1. to decide the initial transmission power of PRACH;
2. to decide the initial transmission power of DPCCH / DPDCH.
Closed loop power control is only applied on DPCCH and DPDCH.
For other common channels, power control is not applied, they will use fixed transmission
power:
The PCPICH power is defined by the PCPICHPower parameter as an absolute value in
dBm.
All other common channels power is defined in relation with the PCPICHPower
parameter, and measured in dB.
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Common Physical Channel Power Parameters
MaxTxPower
Parameter name: Max transmit power of cell [0.1dBm]
Recommended value: 430, namely 43dBm
PCPICHPower
Parameter name: PCPICH transmit power [0.1dBm]
Recommended value: 330, namely 33dBm
MaxTxPower
Content: The sum of the maximum transmit power of all DL channels in a cell.
Value range: 0 to 500
Physical value range: 0 to 50; step: 0.1
Physical unit: dBm
Set this parameter through ADD CELLSETUP, query it through LST CELL and modify
it through MOD CELL.
PCPICHPower
Content: This parameter should be set based on the actual environment and the
downlink coverage should be guaranteed firstly. If PCPICH transmit power is
configured too great, the cell capacity will be decreased, for power resources is
occupied by common channel and the interference to traffic channels is also
increased.
Value range: -100 to 500
Physical value range: -10 to 50; step: 0.1
Physical unit: dBm
Set this parameter through ADD PCPICH, query it through LST PCPICH and modify it
through MOD CELL.
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Common Physical Channel Power Parameters
(Cont.)
PSCHPower and SSCHPower
Parameter name: PSCH / SSCH transmit power [0.1dB]
Recommended value: -50, namely -5dB
BCHPower
Parameter name: BCH transmit power [0.1dB]
Recommended value: -20, namely -2dB
PSCHPower and SSCHPower
Content: The offset of the PSCH/SSCH transmit power from the PCPICH transmit
power in a cell .
Value range: -350 to 150
Physical value range: -35 to 15; step: 0.1
Physical unit: dB
For PSCH Power, set it through ADD PSCH, and query it through LST PSCH; for SSCH
Power, set it through ADD SSCH, and query it through LST SSCH. And modify them
through MOD CELL.
BCHPower
Content: The offset of the BCH transmit power from the PCPICH transmit power in a
cell.
Value range: -350 to 150
Physical value range: -35 to 15; step: 0.1
Physical unit: dB
Set this parameter through ADD BCH, query it through LST BCH, and modify it
through MOD CELL.
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Common Physical Channel Power Parameters
(Cont.)
MaxFachPower
Parameter name: Max transmit power of FACH [0.1dB]
Recommended value: 10, namely 1dB
PCHPower
Parameter name: PCH transmit power [0.1dB]
Recommended value: -20, namely -2dB
MaxFachPower
Content: The offset between the FACH transmit power and PCPICH transmit power
in a cell.
Value range: -350 to 150
Physical value range: -35 to 15; step: 0.1
Physical unit: dB
Set this parameter through ADD FACH, query it through LST FACH.
PCHPower
Content: The Offset of the PCH transmit power from the PCPICH transmit power in a
cell.
Value range: -350 to 150
Physical value range: -35 to 15; step: 0.1
Physical unit: dB
Set this parameter through ADD PCH, query it through LST PCH, and modify it
through MOD SCCPCH.
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Common Physical Channel Power Parameters
(Cont.)
AICHPowerOffset
Parameter name: AICH power offset
Recommended value: -6, namely -6dB
PICHPowerOffset
Parameter name: PICH power offset
Recommended value: -7, namely -7dB
AICHPowerOffset
Content: The difference between the transmit power of AICH and that of PCPICH.
Value range: -22 to 5
Physical value range: -22 to 5; step: 1
Physical unit: dB
Set this parameter through ADD CHPWROFFSET, query it through LST
CHPWROFFSET, and modify it through MOD AICHPWROFFSET.
PICHPowerOffset
Content: The difference between the transmit power of PICH and that of PCPICH.
Value range: -10 to 5
Physical value range: -10 to 5; step: 1
Physical unit: dB
Set this parameter through ADD CHPWROFFSET, query it through LST
CHPWROFFSET, and modify it through MOD PICHPWROFFSET.
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Contents
1. Power Control Overview
2. Open Loop Power Control
3. Closed Loop Power Control
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Contents
2. Open Loop Power Control
2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview
2.2 PRACH Open Loop Power Control
2.3 Downlink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control
2.4 Uplink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control
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Open Loop Power Control Overview
Purpose
Calculate the initial transmission power of uplink / downlink channels
Principle
Estimates the downlink signal power loss on propagation path
Path loss of the uplink channel is related to the downlink channel
Application
Open loop power control is applied only at the beginning of connection
setup to set the initial power value
In downlink open loop power control, the initial transmission power is calculated according
to the downlink path loss between NodeB and UE.
In uplink, since the uplink and downlink frequencies of WCDMA are in the same frequency
band, a significant correlation exists between the average path loss of the two links. This
make it possible for each UE to calculate the initial transmission power required in the
uplink based on the downlink path loss.
However, there is 90MHz frequency interval between uplink and downlink frequencies, the
fading between the uplink and downlink is uncorrelated, so the open loop power control is
not absolutely accurate.
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Contents
2. Open Loop Power Control
2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview
2.2 PRACH Open Loop Power Control
2.3 Downlink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control
2.4 Uplink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control
5. Downlink Synchronization
UE NodeB SRNC
DCH - FP
Allocate RNTI
Select L1 and L2
parameters
RRC RRC
NBAP NBAP
3. Radio Link Setup Response
NBAP NBAP
2. Radio Link Setup Request
RRC RRC
7. CCCH: RRC Connection Setup
Start RX
description
Start TX
description
4. ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Setup
RRC RRC
9. DCCH: RRC Connection Setup Complete
6. Uplink Synchronization
NBAP NBAP
8. Radio Link Restore Indication
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
Open loop power
control of PRACH
1. CCCH: RRC Connection Request
In access procedure, the first signaling RRC CONNECTION REQUEST is transmitted in
message part on PRACH.
Before PRACH message part transmission, UE will transmit PRACH preamble, and the
transmission power of first preamble is calculated by this PRACH open loop power control.
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control
When UE needs to set up a RRC connection, the initial power
of uplink PRACH preamble can be calculated according to the
following formula:
lue Constantva ce interferen UL
CPICH_RSCP - r PCPICHPowe = er nitial_Pow Preamble_I
+ +
In this formula, where
PCPICHPower defines the PCPICH transmit power in a cell. It is broadcast in SIB5.
CPICH_RSCP means received signal code power, the received power measured on
the PCPICH. The measurement is performed by the UE.
UL interference is the UL RTWP measured by the NodeB. It is broadcast in SIB7.
Constantvalue compensates for the RACH processing gain. It is broadcast in SIB5.
The initial value of PRACH power is set through open loop power control. UE operation
steps are as follows:
1. Read Primary CPICH DL TX power, UL interference and Constant value from
system information;
2. Measure the value of CPICH_RSCP;
3. Calculate the Preamble_Initial_Power of PRACH.
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control
Parameters
Constantvalue
Parameter name: Constant value for calculating initial TX power
Recommended value: -20, namely -20dB
Constantvalue
Content: It is used to calculate the transmit power of the first preamble in the
random access process.
Value range: -35 to -10
Physical value range: -35 to -10; step: 1
Physical unit: dB
Set this parameter through ADD PRACHBASIC, query it through LST PRACH, and
modify it through MOD PRACHUUPARAS.
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control (Cont.)
Timing relationship of PRACH and AICH:
AICH
PRACH
1 access slot

p-a

p-m

p-p
Pre-
amble
Pre-
amble
Message
part
Acq.
Ind.
After UE transmit the first Preamble on PRACH, it will wait for the corresponding AI
(Acquisition Indicator) on the AICH. The timing relationship of PRACH and AICH is shown in
above figure.
There will be 3 parameters used to define the timing relationship:

p-p
: time interval between two PRACH preambles.
p-p
is not a fixed value, it is
decided by selecting access slot of PRACH preambles.
Here
p-p
has one restriction, it must be longer than a minimum value
p-p min
,
namely
p-p

p-p min
.

p-a
: time interval between PRACH preamble and AICH Acquisition Indicator. If UE
sends the PRACH preamble, it will detect the responding AI after
p-a
time.

p-m
: time interval between PRACH preamble and PRACH message part. If UE sends
the PRACH preamble and receives positive AI from the AICH, it will send the message
part after
p-m
time.
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control
Parameters (Cont.)
AICHTxTiming
Parameter name: AICH transmission timing
Content:
When AICHTXTIMING = 0,

p-p,min
= 15360 chips,
p-a
= 7680 chips,
p-m
= 15360 chips
When AICHTXTIMING = 1,

p-p,min
= 20480 chips,
p-a
= 12800 chips,
p-m
= 20480 chips
Recommended value: 1
AICHTxTiming
Content: Transmission timing information of an AICH. "0" indicates that there are
7680 chips offset between the access preamble of the PRACH and AICH. "1"
indicates that there are 12800 chips offset between them.
Value range: 0 to 1
Physical value range: 0 to 1; step: 1
Set this parameter through ADD AICH, query it through LST AICH, and modify it
needs de-activated the cell through DEA CELL. After the old configuration of AICH is
deleted through RMV AICH , a new AICH can be established through ADD AICH.
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control (Cont.)
Power ramping for preamble retransmission:
Power Ramp Step
Power Offset P
p-m
Preamble_Initial
_Power
Message
part
Pre-
amble Pre-
amble

Pre-
amble Pre-
amble
1 3
N 2
After UE transmit the first preamble,
If no positive or negative AI on AICH is received after
p-a
time,
UE shall increase the preamble power by PowerRampStep, and retransmit the
preamble.
A preamble ramping procedure consists of several preamble ramping cycles,
which cannot exceed Mmax. In each cycle, the UE retransmits the preamble
until the UE receives the acquisition indicator or the number of
retransmissions has reached PreambleRetransMax.
If a negative AI on AICH is received by the UE after
p-a
time,
which indicates rejection of the preamble, the UE shall wait for a certain
Back-off Delay and re-initiate a new random access process. The parameters
NB01min and NB01max define the lower and upper limits of the back-off
delay. If the value of NB01min is equal to that of NB01max, it means that the
retransmission period of the preamble part is fixed.
When a positive AI on AICH is received by UE after
p-a
time,
it will transmit the random access message after the uplink access slot of the
last preamble.
The message part consists of two parts: the control part and the data part.
The power of the control part is the same as the power of the last transmitted
preamble plus a value defined by the PowerOffsetPpm parameter.
PowerOffsetPpm must be set for each instance of PRACH TFC.
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control
Parameters (Cont.)
PowerRampStep
Parameter name: Power increase step
Recommended value: 2, namely 2dB
PreambleRetransMax
Parameter name: Max preamble retransmission
Recommended value: 20
PowerRampStep
Content: The power increase step of the random access preambles transmitted
before the UE receives the acquisition indicator in the random access process.
Value range: 1 to 8
Physical value range: 1 to 8; step: 1
Physical unit: dB
Set this parameter through ADD PRACHBASIC, query it through LST PRACH, and
modify it through MOD PRACHUUPARAS.
PreambleRetransMax
Content: The maximum number of preambles transmitted in a preamble ramping
cycle.
Value range: 1 to 64
Physical value range: 1 to 64; step: 1
Set this parameter through ADD PRACHBASIC, query it through LST PRACH, and
modify it through MOD PRACHUUPARAS.
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control
Parameters (Cont.)
Mmax
Parameter name: Max preamble loop
Recommended value: 8
NB01min / NB01max
Parameter name: Random back-off lower / upper limit
Recommended value: 0 for both NB01min / NB01max
Mmax
Content: Maximum number of random access preamble loops.
Value range: 1 to 32
Physical value range: 1 to 32; step: 1
Set this parameter through ADD RACH, query it through LST RACH, and modify it
first de-activated the cell through DEA CELL, then MOD RACH, finally ACT CELL.
NB01min / NB01max
Content: Lower/Upper limit of random access back-off delay.
Value range: 0 to 50
Physical value range: 0 to 50; step: 1
Physical unit: frame
Set this parameter through ADD RACH, query it through LST RACH, and modify it
first de-activated the cell through DEA CELL, then MOD RACH, finally ACT CELL.
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15 10 -2 Service
15 13 -3 Signaling
GainFactorBetaD GainFactorBetaC PowerOffwetPpm PRACH
PRACH Open Loop Power Control
Parameters (Cont.)
PowerOffsetPpm
Parameter name: Power offset
Recommended value:
PowerOffsetPpm
Content: The power offset between the last access preamble and the message
control part. The power of the message control part can be obtained by adding the
offset to the access preamble power.
Value range: -5 to 10
Physical value range: -5 to 10; step: 1
Physical unit: dB
Set this parameter through ADD PRACHTFC, query it through LST PRACH, and
modify it de-activated the cell through DEA CELL . After the old configuration of
PRACH is deleted through RMV PRACHTFC , a new parameters can be established
through ADD PRACHTFC.
The power of the data part is calculated with the following formula:
, where
Pcontrol is the power for the control part.
d is the power gain factor for the data part. The value is defined by the
GainFactorBetaD parameter.
c is the power gain factor for the control part. The value is defined by the
GainFactorBetaC parameter.
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control
Parameters (Cont.)
The transmit power on the PRACH cannot be greater than the
maximum allowed uplink transmit power:
MaxAllowedUlTxPower
Parameter name: Max allowed UE UL TX power
Recommended value: 24, namely 24dBm
MaxAllowedUlTxPower
Content: The maximum allowed uplink transmit power of a UE in the cell, which is
related to the network planning.
Value range: -50 to 33
Physical value range: -50 to 33; step: 1
Physical unit: dBm
Set this parameter through ADD CELLSELRESEL, query it through LST CELLSELRESEL,
and modify it through MOD CELLSELRESEL.
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Contents
2. Open Loop Power Control
2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview
2.2 PRACH Open Loop Power Control
2.3 Downlink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control
2.4 Uplink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control
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DL DPCH Open Loop Power Control
DL DPCH open loop
power control
5. Downlink Synchronization
UE NodeB SRNC
DCH - FP
Allocate RNTI
Select L1 and L2
parameters
RRC RRC
NBAP NBAP
3. Radio Link Setup Response
NBAP NBAP
2. Radio Link Setup Request
RRC RRC
7. CCCH: RRC Connection Setup
Start RX
description
Start TX
description
4. ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Setup
RRC RRC
9. DCCH: RRC Connection Setup Complete
6. Uplink Synchronization
NBAP NBAP
8. Radio Link Restore Indication
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
1. CCCH: RRC Connection Request
According to the RRC connection establishment procedure, after RNC received the RRC
CONNECTION REQUEST message, and NodeB set up the radio link for UE, then Iub
interface resources is established between NodeB and RNC.
When DCH-FP of Iub interface finished downlink and uplink synchronization, the downlink
DPCH starts to transmit, and DPCH initial transmission power is calculated through open
loop power control.
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DL DPDCH Open Loop Power Control
When a dedicated channel is set up, the initial power of
downlink DPDCH can be calculated according to the following
formula:

=
Total
CPICH
CPICH
DL init
P
No Ec
P
No
Eb
W
R
P
) / (
) (
In this formula, where:
Pinit is the initial power of the DPDCH.
PCPICH is the PCPICH power in a cell. The value is configured by the PCPICHPower
parameter on the RNC.
R is the traffic rate requested by the UE and W is the chip rate (3.84 Mcps).
(Eb/No)DL is the Eb/No target of the downlink DPDCH used to ensure the service
quality. Eb is the energy of a signal information bit and No is the noise spectral
density. The RNC estimates a value of Eb/No target dynamically based on cell
environment type and BLER target.
(Ec/No)CPICH is the ratio of received energy per chip to noise spectral density of the
CPICH received by the UE.
is the orthogonal factor in the downlink. The value is fixed to 0.
Ptotal is the downlink transmitted carrier power measured on the NodeB and
reported to the RNC.
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WCDMA Power Control and Relevant Parameters N-33
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DL DPCCH Open Loop Power Control
Data1 TPC TFCI Data2 Pilot
Downlink
Transmit
Power
DPCCH DPDCH DPDCH DPCCH
PO2
PO1
PO3
1 timeslot
The downlink DPCCH consists of three fields: TFCI, TPC, and pilot. Their power is set as the
offset reference to the power of the downlink DPDCHs.
The downlink power on the DPCCH and its associated DPDCHs is simultaneously regulated.
Thus, power control adjusts the power of the DPCCH and DPDCHs with the same step, and
the power offset between the DPCCH and the DPDCH keeps constant.
Power offsets between the DPCCH and the DPDCH in the downlink are identical for all TFCs
in the TFCS, whereas in the uplink the power offsets are TFC-dependent.
The power offsets of TFCI, TPC and pilot fields of the DPCCH reference to the power of
DPDCHs are fixed to 0dB, 3dB, and 3dB respectively.
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Downlink Power Control Restriction
The power of downlink dedicated channel is limited by an
upper and lower limit for each radio link
RlMaxDlPwr/RlMinDlPwr
Parameter name: RL Max/Min DL TX power
Recommended value is shown in the next page
RlMaxDlPwr
Content: This parameter should fulfill the coverage requirement of the network
planning, and the value is relative to PCPICH transmit power.
Value range: -350 to 150
Physical value range: -35 to 15; step: 0.1
Physical unit: dB
Set this parameter through ADD CELLRLPWR , query it through LST CELLRLPWR, and
modify it through MOD CELLRLPWR.
RlMinDlPwr
Content: This parameter should consider the maximum downlink transmit power and
the dynamic range of power control, and the value is relative to PCPICH transmit
power.
Value range: -350 to 150
Physical value range: -35 to 15; step: 0.1
Physical unit: dB
Set this parameter through ADD CELLRLPWR, query it through LST CELLRLPWR, and
modify it through MOD CELLRLPWR.
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Downlink Power Restriction Parameters
Recommended configurations for typical services:
8 -110 40 PS Domain: 384 kbps
16 -150 20 PS Domain: 144 kbps
32 -170 -20 PS Domain: 64 kbps
64 -190 0 PS Domain: 32 kbps
128 -230 -40 PS Domain: 8 kbps
32 -120 30 CS Domain: 64 kbps
32 -150 0 CS Domain: 56 kbps
128 -150 0 CS Domain: 12.2 kbps
Downlink SF
RL Min Downlink
Transmit Power (0.1 dB)
RL Max Downlink
Transmit Power (0.1 dB)
Service
Both downlink open loop and close loop power control will be limited by these parameters.
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Contents
2. Open Loop Power Control
2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview
2.2 PRACH Open Loop Power Control
2.3 Downlink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control
2.4 Uplink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control
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UL DPCH Open Loop Power Control
UL DPCH open loop
power control
5. Downlink Synchronization
UE NodeB SRNC
DCH - FP
Allocate RNTI
Select L1 and L2
parameters
RRC RRC
NBAP NBAP
3. Radio Link Setup Response
NBAP NBAP
2. Radio Link Setup Request
RRC RRC
7. CCCH: RRC Connection Setup
Start RX
description
Start TX
description
4. ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Setup
RRC RRC
9. DCCH: RRC Connection Setup Complete
6. Uplink Synchronization
NBAP NBAP
8. Radio Link Restore Indication
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
1. CCCH: RRC Connection Request
According to the RRC connection establishment procedure, after RNC sent the RRC
CONNECTION SETUP message, UE will try to synchronize with NodeB, and the uplink
DPCCH starts to transmit, here DPCCH initial transmission power is calculated through open
loop power control.
The power of the uplink DPDCH is set as a power offset (d/c) reference to the uplink
DPCCH. The uplink DPCCH and DPDCHs are transmitted through different channel codes.
To meet a given QoS requirement on the transport channels, different TFCs use different
power offsets.
The RNC has a set of reference values (c,ref and d,ref) that are stored for each
predefined Radio Access Bearer (RAB) or Signaling Radio Bearer (SRB). c,ref and d,ref can
be configured by BETAC and BETAD on the RNC.
The RNC calculates a new power offset for each TFC based on the reference values
dynamically and sends the power offset to the UE.
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UL DPCCH Open Loop Power Control
The initial power of the uplink DPCCH can be calculated
according to the following formula:
Where:
DPCCH_Power_Offset is provided by the RNC to the UE via RRC
signaling
CPICH_RSCP is the received signal code power of the PCPICH
RSCP _ CPICH Offset _ Power _ DPCCH Power _ Initial _ DPCCH =
For Huawei, DPCCH_Power_Offset is calculated with the following formula:
Where:
The PCPICHPower parameter defines the PCPICH transmit power in a cell. This value
is broadcast in SIB5.
Uplink interference is the uplink RTWP measured by the NodeB and sent to the UE
through the SIB7.
The DefaultConstantValue parameter reflects the target Ec/No of the uplink DPCCH.
tValue s DefaultCon
ce Interferen UL r PCPICHPowe Offset Power DPCCH
tan
_ _
+
+ =
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UL DPCCH Open Loop Power Control
Parameter
DefaultConstantValue
Parameter name: Constant value configured by default
Recommended value: -22, namely -22dB
DefaultConstantValue
Content: This parameter specifies the constant that is used by the RNC to compute
the DPCCH_Power_Offset which is further used by the UE to calculate the UL
DPCCH_Initial_Power during the open-loop power control.
Value range: -35 to -10
Physical value range: -35 to -10; step: 1
Physical unit: dB
Set this parameter through SET FRC, query it through LST FRC, and modify it through
SET FRC.
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Uplink Power Control Restriction
There are four parameters which correspond to the maximum
allowed transmit power of four classes of services:
MaxUlTxPowerforConv
MaxUlTxPowerforStr
MaxUlTxPowerforInt
MaxUlTxPowerforBac
Parameter name: Max UL TX power of
conversational/streaming/interactive/background service
Recommended value: 24, namely 24dBm
MaxUlTxPowerforConv
MaxUlTxPowerforStr
MaxUlTxPowerforInt
MaxUlTxPowerforBac
Content: The maximum UL transmit power for specific services in a cell. It is based on
the UL coverage requirement of the specific services designed by the network
planning.
Value range: -50 to 33
Physical value range: -50 to 33; step: 1
Physical unit: dBm
Set this parameter through ADD CELLCAC, query it through LST CELLCAC, and
modify it through MOD CELLCAC.
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Contents
1. Power Control Overview
2. Open Loop Power Control
3. Closed Loop Power Control
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Contents
3. Closed Loop Power Control
3.1 Closed Loop Power Control Overview
3.2 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control
3.3 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
3.4 Outer Loop Power Control
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Closed Loop Power Control Overview
Why closed loop power control is needed?
Open loop power control is not accurate enough, it can only
estimate the initial transmission power
Closed loop power control can guarantee the QoS with minimum
power. By decreasing the interference, the system capacity will be
increased
Inner Loop Outer Loop
SIR
tar
SIR
mea
>SIR
tar
TPC=0
SIR
mea
SIR
tar
TPC=1
Until
SIR
mea
=SIR
tar
TPC
BLER
tar
BLER
mea
>BLER
tar
SIR
tar
BLER
mea
<BLER
tar
SIR
tar
Until
BLER
mea
=BLER
tar
TPC=1 Power
TPC=0 Power
Inner Loop Power Control:
The receiver compares SIR
mea
(measured SIR) with SIR
tar
(target SIR), and decide the TPC to
send:
If SIR
mea
is greater than SIR
tar
, the TPC is set as 0 to decrease transmission power;
If SIR
mea
is less than SIR
tar
, the TPC is set as 1 to increase transmission power.
TPC is sent to the transmitter in DPCCH, the transmitter will adjust the power according to
the value of received TPC.
Through inner loop power control, the SIR
mea
can be ensured to approach SIR
tar
.
Outer Loop Power Control:
The receiver compares BLER
mea
(measured BLER) with BLER
tar
(target BLER), and decide how
to set the SIR
tar
:
If BLER
mea
is greater than BLER
tar
, the SIR
tar
is increased;
If BLER
mea
is less than BLER
tar
, the SIR
tar
is decreased.
The adjusted SIR
tar
is sent for the inner loop power control, then it will be used in previous
process to guide the transmitter power adjustment.
Through outer loop power control, the BLER
mea
can be ensured to approach BLER
tar
.
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Contents
3. Closed Loop Power Control
3.1 Closed Loop Power Control Overview
3.2 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control
3.3 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
3.4 Outer Loop Power Control
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Uplink Inner Loop Power Control
NodeB compares the measured SIR to the target SIR, then
derives TPC and sends the TPC Decision to UE
TPC Decision
( 0, 1 )
Generate TPC_cmd
( -1, 0, 1 )
Adjust DPCCH Tx
DPCCH =TPCTPC_cmd
Single RL / Soft HO
PCA1 / PCA2
Adjust DPDCH Tx
(
c
,
d
)
NodeB UE
Transmit TPC
Inner Loop
Set SIRtar
Compare SIRmea with SIRtar
SIRmea > SIRtar TPC = 0
SIRmea SIRtar TPC = 1
RNC sends SIR
tar
(target SIR) to NodeB and then NodeB compares SIR
mea
(measured SIR)
with SIR
tar
:
If the estimated SIR is greater than the target SIR, NodeB sends TPC 0 to UE on
downlink DPCCH TPC field;
Otherwise, NodeB sends TPC 1 to UE.
After reception of one or more TPC, UE shall derive a single TPC_cmd (TPC command, with
value among -1, 0, 1):
Two algorithms could be used by the UE for deriving the TPC_cmd, those are PCA1
and PCA2 (PCA means Power Control Algorithm).
For UE is in soft handover state, more than one TPC is received, so firstly multiple
TPC_cmd is combined.
When deriving the combined TPC_cmd, UE shall adjust the transmit power of uplink DPCCH
with a step UL Closed Loop Power Control Step Size, as following:
DPCCH =TPCTPC_cmd
This adjustment is executed on the DPCCH, then associated DPDCH transmit power is
calculated according to DPDCH / DPCCH power ratio
d
/
c
.
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Uplink Inner Loop PCA1 with Single Radio
Link
For single radio link and PCA1, UE derives one TPC_cmd in each
time slot as follows:
0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0


TPC_cmd
TPC
-1 1 1 -1 1 1 -1 1 1 -1
This control is performed in each time slot, so
the power control frequency is 1500Hz
When UE has single radio link, only one TPC will be received in each slot. In this case, the
value of TPC_cmd shall be derived by PCA1 as follows:
If the received TPC is equal to 0, then TPC_cmd for that slot is -1;
If the received TPC is equal to 1, then TPC_cmd for that slot is 1.
According to DPCCH channel structure, there are 15 time slots in a 10ms radio frame, and
the control is performed once in each time slot, so the frequency of uplink inner loop PCA1
is 1500Hz.
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Uplink Inner Loop PCA2 with Single Radio
Link
For single radio link and PCA2, UE derives one TPC_cmd in each
5-slot group as follows:
This control is performed in each 5-slot group,
so the power control frequency is 300Hz
1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
TS14 TS13 TS12 TS11 TS10 TS9 TS8 TS7 TS6 TS5 TS4 TS3 TS2 TS1 TS0
10ms radio frame
Group 2 Group 1 Group 3

0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0
TPC
TPC_cmd

When UE has single radio link, only one TPC will be received in each slot. In this case, the
value of TPC_cmd shall be derived by PCA2 as follows:
For the first 4 slots of a set, TPC_cmd = 0.
For the fifth slot of a set, UE make the decisions on as follows:
If all 5 TPCs within a group are 1, then TPC_cmd = 1 in the 5th slot;
If all 5 TPCs within a group are 0, then TPC_cmd = -1 in the 5th slot;
Otherwise, TPC_cmd = 0 in the 5th slot.
According to DPCCH channel structure, there are 15 time slots in a 10ms radio frame, and
the control is performed once in each 5-slot group, so the frequency of uplink inner loop
PCA2 is 300Hz.
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Uplink Inner Loop with Soft Handover
When UE enters soft handover state, on the NodeB side, there
are two phases :
Uplink synchronization phase
Multi-radio link phase
On UE side, UE will receive different TPCs from different RLS in
one time slot. Therefore, the UE should combine all the TPCs to
get a unique TPC_CMD
On the NodeB side, there are two phases during the soft handover state:
Uplink synchronization phase
The NodeB should send durative TPC = 1 to the newly-added RL before successful
synchronization.
Multi-radio link phase
Each NodeB and each cell will estimate the SIR individually and the general TPC
individually. Therefore, the UE may receive different TPC from different RLS.
Especially, when UE is in softer handover state, it means UE has radio links to the same
NodeB, in this case, these RLs (Radio Link) belong to the same RLS (Radio Link Set), and the
all TPCs are the same from each RL.
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Uplink Inner Loop PCA1 with Soft
Handover
For each slot, combine TPC from
the same RLS, then get W
i
CELL1 CELL2
CELL4 CELL3
RL1-1 RL1-2
RLS1
RLS2 RLS3 Get TPC_cmd based on
TPC_cmd = (W
1
, W
2
, W
N
)
0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0

RLS1-TPC (W
1
)

RLS2-TPC (W
2
) 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1

TPC_cmd
1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0
-
1
-1
-
1
-1 1 -1 -1 1 -1
-
1
RLS3-TPC (W
3
)
When UE is in soft handover state, multiple TPC will be received in each slot from different
cells in the active set. UE will generate the TPC_cmd by PCA1 as follows:
1. Combine the TPC from the same RLS and derive the Wi
When the RLs (Radio Link) are in the same RLS (Radio Link Set), they will transmit the
same TPC in a slot. In this case, the TPCs from the same RLS shall be combined into
one.
After combination, UE will obtain a soft symbol decision Wi for each RLSi.
2. Combine the TPC from different RLSs and derive the TPC_cmd
UE derives TPC_cmd, it is based on a function and all the N soft symbol decisions
Wi:
TPC_cmd = (W
1
, W
2
, W
N
),
Where TPC_cmd can only take the values 1 or -1.
In Huawei implementation, the function shall fulfil the following criteria:
If the TPCs from all RLSs are 1, the output of shall be equal to 1;
If one TPC from any RLS is 0, the output of shall be equal to -1.
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Uplink Inner Loop PCA2 with Soft
Handover
Combine TPC from same RLS
in each time slot
Calculate TPC_cmd
If any TPC_tempi = -1, TPC_cmd = -1
If , TPC_cmd = 1
Otherwise, TPC_cmd = 0
Calculate TPC_temp
i
for each RLS
i
5 . 0 _
1
1
>

=
N
i
i
temp TPC
N
CELL1 CELL2
CELL4 CELL3
RL1-1 RL1-2
RLS1
RLS2 RLS3
When UE is in soft handover state, multiple TPC will be received in each slot from different
cells in the active set. UE will generate the TPC_cmd by PCA2 as follows:
1. Combine the TPC from the same RLS
When the RLs are in the same RLS, they will transmit the same TPC in a slot. In this
case, the TPCs from the same RLS shall be combined into one.
2. Calculate the TPC_temp
i
for each RLS
UE derives TPC_temp
i
through the same way in the last slide, as follows:
For the first 4 slots of a group, TPC_temp
i
= 0.
For the 5th slot of a group:
If all 5 TPCs within a group are 1, then TPC_temp
i
= 1 in the 5th slot;
If all 5 TPCs within a group are 0, then TPC_temp
i
= -1 in the 5th slot;
Otherwise, TPC_temp
i
= 0 in the 5th slot.
3. Calculate the TPC_cmd
UE derives TPC_cmd through the following criteria:
If any TPC_temp
i
is equal to -1, TPC_cmd is set to -1;
If , TPC_cmd = 1;
Otherwise, TPC_cmd = 0.
5 . 0 _
1
1
>

=
N
i
i
temp TPC
N
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Uplink Inner Loop PCA2 with Soft
Handover (Cont.)
RLS3
RLS2
RLS1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
TS14 TS13 TS12 TS11 TS10 TS9 TS8 TS7 TS6 TS5 TS4 TS3 TS2 TS1 TS0

10ms/frame
Group 1 Group 2 Group 3
RLS3
RLS2
RLS1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
TS14 TS13 TS12 TS11 TS10 TS9 TS8 TS7 TS6 TS5 TS4 TS3 TS2 TS1 TS0

TPC
TPC_temp
i
0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
TS14 TS13 TS12 TS11 TS10 TS9 TS8 TS7 TS6 TS5 TS4 TS3 TS2 TS1 TS0

TPC_cmd
The example of the uplink inner loop PCA2 in soft handover state.
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Uplink Inner Loop Power Control Parameters
PwrCtrlAlg
Parameter name: Power control algorithm selection
Recommended value: ALGORITHM1
UlTpcStepSize
Parameter name: UL closed loop power control step size
Recommended value: 1, namely 1dB
PwrCtrlAlg
Content: This parameter is used to inform the UE of the method for translating the
received Transmit Power Control (TPC) commands. In other words, it is used to select
UL power control algorithm.
Value range: ALGORITHM1, ALGORITHM2
Physical value range: ALGORITHM1, ALGORITHM2
Set this parameter through SET FRC, query it through LST FRC, and modify it through
SET FRC.
UlTpcStepSize
Content: The step size of the closed loop power control performed on UL DPDCH.
This parameter is mandatory when the parameter PwrCtrlAlg is set as
ALGORITHM1.
Value range: 1 to 2
Physical value range: 1 to 2; step: 1
Physical unit: dB
Set this parameter through SET FRC, query it through LST FRC, and modify it through
SET FRC.
For PCA2, the step is fixed to 1 dB.
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Contents
3. Closed Loop Power Control
3.1 Closed Loop Power Control Overview
3.2 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control
3.3 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
3.4 Outer Loop Power Control
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Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
UE L1 compares the measured SIR to the target SIR, then
derives TPC and sends the TPC Decision to NodeB
Derive TPC
est
(k)
(0, 1)
Generate P
TPC
(k)
Calculate P(k)
Adjust DPCH Tx Power
DPC_MODE
NodeB
L3 set SIRtar
Derive and transmit
TPC based on
DPC_MODE
Inner Loop
UE
L1 compare
SIRmea with
SIRtar
Basically the downlink inner loop power control process is similar with uplink, UE L3 sends
SIR
tar
to UE L1 and then UE L1 compares SIR
mea
with SIR
tar
:
If the SIR
mea
is greater than the SIR
tar
, UE sends TPC 0 to NodeB on uplink DPCCH
TPC field;
Otherwise, UE sends TPC 1 to NodeB.
The UE shall check the downlink power control mode before generating the TPC, two
algorithm DPC_MODE1 and DPC_MODE2 could be used by UE to derive the TPC. Upon
receiving the TPC, NodeB shall estimate the transmitted TPC and adjust its downlink
DPCCH/DPDCH power accordingly.
After reception of one or more TPC in a slot, NodeB shall derive the estimated TPC TPC
est
(k)
and calculate a P
TPC
(k), the power adjustment of k:th slot.
Then NodeB shall adjust the current downlink power P(k-1) to a new power P(k), and adjust
the power of the DPCCH and DPDCH with the same amount, since power difference
between them is fixed.
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Downlink Inner Loop Power Control Mode
Two DPC_MODE (Downlink Power Control Mode) could be used:
If DPC_MODE = 0, UE sends a unique TPC in each slot, UTRAN shall
derive TPC
est
to be 0 or 1, and update the power every slot
If DPC_MODE = 1, UE repeats the same TPC over 3 slots, UTRAN
shall derive TPC
est
over three slots to be 0 or 1, and update the
power every three slots
The DPC_MODE parameter is a UE specific parameter and controlled by the UTRAN.
The UE shall check the DPC_MODE (Downlink Power Control Mode) before generating the
TPC, and upon receiving the TPC, the UTRAN shall adjust its downlink power accordingly.
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Downlink Inner Loop Power Control Mode
Parameters
DpcMode
Parameter name: Downlink power control mode
Recommended value: SINGLE_TPC, namely DPC_MODE = 0
DpcMode
Content: This parameter specifies the DL power control mode.
- SINGLE_TPC, a fast power control mode, indicates that a unique TPC command is
sent in each timeslot on the DPCCH.
- TPC_TRIPLET_IN_SOFT, a slow power control mode, indicates that the same TPC
command is sent over three timeslots. It is applicable to soft handover, and it can
decrease the power deviation.
- TPC_AUTO_ADJUST, an automatic adjustment mode, indicates that the value of
DPC_MODE can be modified by sending the ACTIVE SET UPDATE message to the UE.
Value range: SINGLE_TPC (DPC_MODE=0), TPC_TRIPLET_IN_SOFT (DPC_MODE=1),
TPC_AUTO_ADJUST
Physical recommended value: SINGLE_TPC
Set this parameter through SET FRC, query it through LST FRC, and modify it through
SET FRC.
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Downlink Inner Loop Power Control (Cont.)
After estimating the TPC, the UTRAN shall set the downlink power to
P(k) for k:th slot according to the following formula:
Where:
P(k-1) is downlink transmission power in (k-1):th slot
P
TPC
(k) is the adjustment of downlink power in k:th slot
P
bal
(k) is correction value according to the downlink power balance procedure.
For a single radio link, P
bal
(k) equals 0
) k ( P ) k ( P ) 1 k ( P ) k ( P
bal TPC
+ + =
If PC_DOWNLINK_POWER_BALANCE_SWITCH is OFF, then P
bal
(k) equals 0.
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Downlink Inner Loop Power Control (Cont.)
P
TPC
(k) is calculated according to the following:
If the value of Limited Power Increase Used parameter is Not
Used, then:
Where:
TPC
est
(k) is uplink received TPC of the k:th slot

TPC
is downlink power adjustment step size

=
= +
=
0 ) k ( TPC if
1 ) k ( TPC if
) k ( P
est TPC
est TPC
TPC

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Downlink Inner Loop Power Control (Cont.)
If the value of Limited Power Increase Used parameter is Used,
then:
Where:

=
=
1 k
Size _ Window _ Average _ Power _ DL k i
TPC sum
) i ( P ) k (

=
+ =
< + = +
=
0 ) k ( TPC if
Limit _ Raise _ Power ) k ( and 1 ) k ( TPC if 0
Limit _ Raise _ Power ) k ( and 1 ) k ( TPC if
) k ( P
est TPC
TPC sum est
TPC sum est TPC
TPC



From the definition above,
sum
(k) indicates the sum of downlink power adjustment in the
latest DL_Power_Average_Window_Size time slots.
Power_Raise_Limit is set to 10dB.
DL_Power_Averaging_Window_Size is set to 20 slots.
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Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
Parameters
PC_INNER_LOOP_LMTED_PWR_INC_SWITCH
This is one switch in PcSwitch (Power control switch) parameter
Recommended value: 0, namely OFF
FddTpcDlStepSize
Parameter name: FDD DL power control step size
Recommended value: STEPSIZE_1DB, namely 1dB
PC_INNER_LOOP_LMTED_PWR_INC_SWITCH
This is one switch in PcSwitch (Power control switch) parameter.
Content: When the switch is on, the limited power increase function is used for DL
inner loop power control.
Value range: 1, 0
Physical value range: ON, OFF
Set this parameter through SET CORRMALGOSWITCH, query it through LST
CORRMALGOSWITCH, and modify it through SET CORRMALGOSWITCH.
FddTpcDlStepSize
Content: This parameter specifies the step size of the closed-loop power control
performed on DL DPCH in Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) mode.
Value range: STEPSIZE_0.5DB, STEPSIZE_1DB, STEPSIZE_1.5DB, STEPSIZE_2DB
Physical value range: 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2; step: 1
Physical unit: dB
Set this parameter through SET FRC, query it through LST FRC, and modify it through
SET FRC.
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Downlink Power Balance
Purpose
The purpose of this procedure is to
balance the DL transmission powers of
more than one Radio Links
The start and stop of DPB
The power offset of two RLs is greater
than the DPB start threshold, the DPB
process is started
The power offset of two RLs is less than
the DPB stop threshold, the DPB process
is stopped
NodeB
NodeB
Monitor the
Tx power of
NodeBs and
start the DPB
process
DPB process
During soft handover, the UL TPC is demodulated in each RLS, then due to demodulation
errors, the DL transmit power of the each branch in soft handover will drift separately,
which causes loss to the macro-diversity gain.
The DL Power Balance (DPB) algorithm is introduced to reduce the power drift between
links during the soft handover.
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Downlink Power Balance Parameters
PC_DOWNLINK_POWER_BALANCE_SWITCH
This is one switch in PcSwitch (Power control switch) parameter
Recommended value: 1, namely ON
PC_DOWNLINK_POWER_BALANCE_SWITCH
This is one switch in PcSwitch (Power control switch) parameter.
Content: When the switch is on, the RNC supports DL power balancing. During soft
handover, TPC bit errors may cause DL power drift. DL power balancing is enabled to
balance the DL power between links, thus achieving the optimal gain of soft
handover.
Value range: 1, 0
Physical value range: ON, OFF
Set this parameter through SET CORRMALGOSWITCH, query it through LST
CORRMALGOSWITCH, and modify it through SET CORRMALGOSWITCH.
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Contents
3. Closed Loop Power Control
3.1 Closed Loop Power Control Overview
3.2 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control
3.3 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
3.4 Outer Loop Power Control
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Outer Loop Power Control
Why we need outer loop power control?
SIR
BLER
Different curves
correspond to
different multi-path
environment
The main reason of outer loop power control:
The QoS which NAS provides to CN is BLER, not SIR.
The relationship between inner loop power control and outer loop power control:
SIRtar should be satisfied with the requirement of decoding correctly. But different
multi-path radio environments request different SIRtar. Therefore, the outer loop
power control can adjust the SIRtar to get a stable BLER in the changeable radio
environment.
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Uplink Outer Loop Power Control
NodeB UE
Transmit TPC
Measure SIR and
compare with SIR
tar
Inner loop
Set SIRtar
Out loop
RNC
Measure BLER of received
data and compare with the
BLER
tar
Set BLERtar
Uplink outer-loop power control is performed in the SRNC. The SRNC measures the
received BLER and compares it with the BLER
tar
. If the BLER
mea
is greater than the BLER
tar
,
the SRNC increases the SIR
tar
; otherwise, the SRNC decreases the SIR
tar
.
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Initial SIR Setting
The initial SIR target value (Init_SIR_target) is service-dependent
and is provided by the RNC to the NodeB
For the SRB and TRB, the values of SIR target, Max_SIR_target,
and Min_SIR_target must fulfill the following requirement:
Min_SIR_target SIR target Max_SIR_target
The initial SIR target value is transmitted to the NodeB by using NBAP signaling of each
RADIO LINK SETUP or RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION PREPARE messages.
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Adjusting the SIR Target
SIR
tar
adjustment formula:
Where:
i is the i:th transport channel
n is the n:th adjustment period



+ = Factor Step
BLER
BLER ) 1 n ( BLER
) 1 n ( SIR MAX ) n ( SIR
i
i , tar
i , tar i , meas
tar tar
According to the formula above,
SIR
tar
(n) is the target SIR used for the n:th adjustment period.
MAX means the maximum value among the total i transmission channels.
BLER
meas,i
(n) is measured for the i:th transmission channel in the n:th adjustment
period.
BLER
tar,i
is the target BLER of the i:th transmission channel.
Step
i
is the adjustment step of the i:th transmission channel.
Factor is the adjustment factor.
In case of multi-service:
The maximum value of the SIR target among multiple services is used for the SIR
target adjustment.
If one of the services requires increase in the SIR target, the reconfigured SIR target
cannot exceed that maximum value.
The maximum value can be decreased only when all the services require decrease in
the SIR target.
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SIR Target Adjustment Limitation
The parameters Max_SIR_increase_step and
Max_SIR_decrease_step limit the adjustment range of the SIR
tar,
and the algorithm is:
If SIR
tar
> 0 and SIR
tar
> Max_SIR_increase_step,
then SIR
tar
(n+1) = SIR
tar
(n) + Max_SIR_increase_step
If SIR
tar
< 0 and ABS (SIR
tar
) > Max_SIR_decrease_step,
then SIR
tar
(n+1) = SIR
tar
(n) - Max_SIR_decrease_step
Where,
SIR
tar
is the adjustment of SIR
tar
, and SIR
tar
= SIR
tar
(n+1) - SIR
tar
(n).
ABS (SIR
tar
) means absolute value of SIR
tar
.
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Parameters of BLER-based Outer Loop
Power Control on the RAB Basis
0.2 dB 0.4 dB 0.004 dB 20 ms 2 dB 9 dB 6 dB 0.01 PS I/B 384K
0.2 dB 0.4 dB 0.004 dB 20 ms 2 dB 7 dB 4 dB 0.01 PS I/B 256K
0.2 dB 0.4 dB 0.004 dB 20 ms 2 dB 5.5 dB 2.5 dB 0.01 PS I/B 144K
0.2 dB 0.4 dB 0.004 dB 20 ms 2 dB 5 dB 2 dB 0.01 PS I/B 128K
0.2 dB 0.4 dB 0.004 dB 20 ms 2 dB 5 dB 2 dB 0.01 PS I/B 64K
0.2 dB 0.4 dB 0.004 dB 20 ms 2 dB 5 dB 2 dB 0.01 PS I/B 32K
0.2 dB 0.4 dB 0.004 dB 20 ms 2 dB 5 dB 2 dB 0.01 PS I/B 16K
0.2 dB 0.4 dB 0.004 dB 40 ms 2 dB 5 dB 2 dB 0.01 PS I/B 8K
0.1 dB 1 dB 0.002 dB 20 ms 2 dB 7 dB 4 dB 0.002 CSD 64K
0.2 dB 0.5 dB 0.005 dB 20 ms 2 dB 5 dB 2 dB 0.01 AMR 12.2K
0.2 dB 0.5 dB 0.01 dB 20 ms 2 dB 5 dB 4 dB 0.01 SRB 13.6K
0.2 dB 0.4 dB 0.004 dB 40 ms 2 dB 5 dB 2 dB 0.01 SRB 3.4K
Max_SIR_dec
rease_step
Max_SIR_inc
rease_step
SIR_adjust
ment_step
OLPC
period
Min_SIR
_target
Max_SIR
_target
Init_SIR
_target
BLER
target
Service
Where,
CSD: CS domain Data service.
I/B: Interactive and Background.
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Uplink Outer Loop Power Control
Parameters
PC_OLPC_SWITCH
This is one switch in PcSwitch (Power control switch) parameter
Recommended value: 1, namely ON
PC_OLPC_SWITCH
This is one switch in PcSwitch (Power control switch) parameter.
Comments: When the switch is on, the RNC updates the UL SIR TARGET of radio
links on the NodeB side through IUB DCH FP in-band signaling.
Value range: 1, 0
Physical value range: ON, OFF
Set this parameter through SET CORRMALGOSWITCH, query it through LST
CORRMALGOSWITCH, and modify it through SET CORRMALGOSWITCH.
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Downlink Outer Loop Power Control
NodeB
Set SIR
tar
Transmit TPC
Measure SIR and
compare with SIR
tar
Measure BLER of
received data and
compare with the
BLER
tar
Outer loop
Inner loop
L1
L3
UE
The downlink outer loop power control is implemented inside the UE. Therefore, this
algorithm is specified by UE manufacturer.
Generally, the UE L3 measures the received BLER and compares it with the BLER
tar
. If the
BLER
mea
is greater than the BLER
tar
, the L3 increases the SIR
tar
and send it to UE L1;
otherwise, the L3 decreases the SIR
tar
.
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