Human Rights Alert (NGO

)
Joseph Zernik, PhD
PO Box 33407, Tel Aviv, Israel
joseph.zernik@hra-ngo.org
2014-08-13 Human Right Alert: United States DRAFT UPR Sumissi!n "2014#
$arge-s%ale &raud in 'T s(stems !& the US %!urts - unann!un%ed regime
%hange)
*+e%uti,e Summar(
Wide segen!s o" !he people o" !he #ni!ed $!a!es !oda% hold !ha! !he #$ governen! has &ndergone a
!rans"ora!ion over !he pas! 'o&ple o" de'ades, and !he #$ (ons!i!&!ion is no longer in "or'e and e""e'!)
Ins!an! s&*ission do'&en!s !ha! !he #$ (ons!i!&!ion +as indeed voided, and !ha! !he ipleen!a!ion
o" invalid, "ra&d&len! IT s%s!es in !he #$ 'o&r!s +as a ke% even! in !his regard, +hi'h ena*les
+idespread ,&di'ial 'orr&p!ion and disregard o" !he la+ o" !he #ni!ed $!a!es and !he #$ (ons!i!&!ion)
Allegati!ns:
-) The IT s%s!es o" !he #$ 'o&r!s ena*le !he ro&!ine 'ond&'! o" si&la!ed .sha/"ake0 li!iga!ion and
!he p&*li'a!ion o" si&la!ed ,&di'ial re'ords1 2) #nder s&'h 'ir'&s!an'es, !he r&le o" la+ and !he #$
(ons!i!&!ion are e""e'!ivel% s&spended, a''ess !o !he 'o&r!s is e""e'!ivel% denied1 3, $&'h 'ondi!ions
sho&ld *e 'onsidered &nanno&n'ed regie 'hange1 4) $&'h 'ondi!ions ao&n! !o viola!ion o" an% ar!i'le
o" !he Universal Declaration of Human Rights, +here in!egri!% o" !he 'o&r!s and !he ,&s!i'e s%s!e is a
prere3&isi!e)
*,iden%e:
IT s%s!e anal%sis do'&en!s4 a0 $ervers o" &nveri"ied iden!i!%1 *0 Invalid ipleen!a!ion o" ele'!roni'
signa!&res .in'l&ding invisi*le ele'!roni' signa!&res 5 6The 7peror8s 9e+ (lo!hs:01 '0 Invalid
ipleen!a!ion o" a&!hen!i'a!ion, 'er!i"i'a!ion, and servi'e pro'ed&res1 d0 7s!a*lishing o" 6do&*le *ooks:
s%s!es, +here !he p&*li' and pro5se par!ies .!hose, +ho are represen!ed *% a!!orne%s0 'anno! see !r&e
and 'ople!e 'o&r! re'ords1 e0 Invalid ipleen!a!ion o" a&!hori!ies and perissions, so !ha!
&na&!hori;ed persons 'an a''ess !he 'o&r!s8 da!a *ase and ake en!ries in do'ke!s1 "0 Dis'riina!ion in
a''ess !o !he 'o&r!s, +here a!!orne%s are peri!!ed a''ess !o (</7(=, *&! no! pro5se par!ies, and
a!!orne%s are peri!!ed !o en!er papers in !he #$ dis!ri'! 'o&r! do'ke!s +i!h no prior revie+ *% !he 'lerk
o" !he 'o&r!1 g0 #niversal "ail&re !o do'ke! s&onses1 h0 Ad&l!era!ion and dele!ion o" 'o&r! re'ords)
(ase s!&dies do'&en! !he o&!'oe o" 'ond&'! o" si&la!ed li!iga!ion in a!!ers involving depriva!ion o"
li*er!% and proper!%, as +ell as "&ndaen!al 'ons!i!&!ional a!!ers)
-!n%lusi!ns:
-) Thro&gh !he ipleen!a!ion and opera!ion o" invalid, "ra&d&len! IT s%s!es, !he #$ 'o&r!s !oda% ro&5
!inel% 'ond&'! si&la!ed ."ake/sha0 li!iga!ion, &nla+"&ll% deprive !he li*er!% and proper!% o" individ&als,
and pla'e !he *anks a*ove !he la+) 2) $&'h 'ond&'! ao&n!s !o serio&s viola!ion o" "&ndaen!al >&5
an ?igh!s o" !he people o" !he #ni!ed $!a!es) 3) $&'h 'ond&'! is also 'en!ral !o !he '&rren! so'io5e'o5
noi' 'risis, "ailing *anking reg&la!ion, and !he 6=ore'los&re (risis:, +hi'h res&l!ed in vas! in'rease in
pover!% and hoelessness) 4) The validi!% o" an% legal and ,&di'ial re'ords, origina!ing in !he #ni!ed
$!a!es, and !he validi!% o" an% li!iga!ion in !he #$ 'o&r!s sho&ld *e 'onsidered d&*io&s) @) The in!erna5
!ional 'o&ni!% sho&ld reassess !he na!&re o" !he '&rren! regie in !he #ni!ed $!a!es, and an% 'lais
!ha! i!s "oreign poli'% is driven *% >&an ?igh!s in!eres!s) A) 7""or!s !o address 'ondi!ions, +hi'h have
*een es!a*lished in !he #ni!ed $!a!es, and !o res!ore !he "or'e and e""e'! o" !he #$ (ons!i!&!ion and #$
la+, are likel% *e pro!ra'!ed and ee! s!ark resis!an'e *% po+er"&l #$ se'&ri!%, legal, and "inan'ial
gro&ps and !heir in!eres!s)
Re%!mmendati!ns:
7erging "ro !he '&rren! 'ondi!ions +o&ld re3&ire a "&ndaen!al 'orre'!ive pro'ess in !he #ni!ed
$!a!es, +here as a res&l! o" '&rren! 'ondi!ions, !he poli!i'al pro'ess is &nderined4
-) The large5s'ale "ra&d in !he #$ 'o&r!s, +hi'h in "a'! ipli'a!es ea'h and ever% #$ si!!ing ,&dge,
+o&ld likel% re3&ire an approa'h s&'h as a Tr&!h and ?e'on'ilia!ion (oission) 2) D&e !o !he 'en!ral
role o" !he Adinis!ra!ive O""i'e o" !he #$ (o&r!s in ipleen!ing !he "ra&d&len! IT s%s!es o" !he #$
'o&r!s, !he O""i'e sho&ld *e res!r&'!&red or 'losed) 3) <eas&res, siilar !o !hose !aken a 'en!&r% ago
&nder siilar 'ir'&s!an'es !hro&gh !he Salary Act .-B-B0, +hi'h pla'ed !he 'lerks o" !he #$ 'o&r!s
&nder !he dire'! a&!hori!% o" !he A!!orne% Ceneral, sho&ld *e 'onsidered) 4) #$ legal and 'op&!ing
exper!s sho&ld *e eplo%ed in an ini!ia!ive !o res!ore !he in!egri!% o" !he IT s%s!es o" !he #$ 'o&r!s,
&nder a''o&n!a*ili!% !o !he #$ (ongress, +i!h !he goal o" aking s&'h s%s!e as !ransparen! !o !he
p&*li' a! large as possi*le) @) In na!ions, +here !he separa!ion o" *ran'hes is es!a*lished *% la+, !he
'o&r!s &s! no! *e peri!!ed !o develop and ipleen! !he 'o&r!s8 IT s%s!es) A) >&an ?igh!s and
in!erne! a'!ivis!s &s! keep a +a!'h"&l e%e on !he validi!% and in!egri!% o" IT s%s!es o" !he 'o&r!s and
prisons)
.nline A//endi+:
To *e 'ople!ed
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1/57
Digitally signed
by Joseph
Zernik, PhD
Date:
2014.08.13
16:07:01
+03'00'
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
2/57
Contents
Page Section
1 Executive Summar
! ". #uman $ights "%ert &'()*
! +. "%%egations
Specific allegations
5 ,. Evi-ence
1. ./ sstem ana%sis
a) Systems developed, implemented with no lawful authority
b) Servers of unverified identity
c) Invalid implementation of electronic signatures
d) Invalid implementation of authentication and service procedures
e) Establishing of “double books” systems
f) Invalid implementation of authorities and permissions
g) Discrimination in access to the courts
h) niversal failure to docket summonses!
g) "dulterated and missing of court records
2. ,ase stu-ies
a) #abeas $orpus in the nited States % the case of &ichard Isaac 'ine
b) Securities and E(change $ommission v )ank of "merica $orporation
d) *og $abin &epublicans v S" et al
e) $iti+ens nited v 'ederal Election $ommission
f) $iti+ens nited v 'ederal Election $ommission ,S-$.S)
!0 1. $esponses 2 'ationa% "uthorities/Experts
1. )33ice o3 "ttorne (enera% an- the 4S 1epartment o3 5ustice
2. 4S ,ongress
!. /he ju-iciar
6. /he %ega% pro3ession
5. $esponses 2 'ationa% "uthorities/Experts
0. 'ationa% me-ia
!7 E. ,omp%iance 7ith re%evant 4S %a7
1. #a2eas ,orpus
/! 8irst "men-ment - the right to 3i%e papers in court
!. 8irst "men-ment - the right to access court recor-s
6.$u%es Ena2%ing "ct
5. 8e-era% $u%es o3 ,ivi% Proce-ure --uties o3 the c%erk
0. "uthentication an- certi3ication o3 ju-icia% recor-s9 :ega% Process
7. E%ectronic Signatures
6; 8. ,omp%iance 7ith re%evant treaties an- conventions
1. +ase% "ccor-s - internationa% 2anking regu%ation
6; (. $eta%iation against anti-ju-icia% corruption activists
6; #. #istorica% perspective - $o22er +aron $eviva% Era.
51 .. ,onc%usions
51 5. $ecommen-ations
52 <. )n%ine "ppen-ix
52 :. $e3erences
A. Human Rights Alert (NGO)
/he 2=1= #uman $ights "%ert >#$"? su2mission 3or the 4P$ o3 the 4nite- States
3ocuse- on con-itions in :os "nge%es ,ount9 ,a%i3ornia. /he su2mission provi-e-
-ocumentation o3 %arge-sca%e 3a%se imprisonment an- rea% estate an- 3inancia%
institution 3rau- 2 ,a%i3ornia State ju-ges in co%%usion 7ith attornes9 an- 3inancia%
institutions9 un-er patronage o3 %oca%9 state9 an- 3e-era% %a7 en3orcement authorities.
/he su2mission 7as in part 2ase- on -ocumentation o3 %arge-sca%e 3rau- in ./ sstems
o3 the Superior ,ourt o3 ,a%i3ornia9 ,ount o3 :os "nge%es &Sustain*9 an- in the ./
sstem o3 the :os "nge%es ,ount Sheri33@s 1epartment &.nmate .n3ormation ,enter*.
>
i
9
ii
? /he su2mission 7as incorporate- 2 re3erence into the o33icia% #uman $ights
,ounci% >#$,? Pro3essiona% Sta33 $eport 7ith a note re3erring to Acorruption o3 the
courts an- the %ega% pro3ession an- -iscrimination 2 %a7 en3orcement in ,a%i3orniaB.
>
iii
?
/he 2=1! #$" su2mission 3or the 4P$ o3 the State o3 .srae% 3ocuse- on ana%sis o3
the ./ sstems o3 the Supreme ,ourt9 the -istrict courts9 an- the -etainees@ courts in
.srae%. /he su2mission provi-e- -ocumentation o3 %arge-sca%e 3rau- in such sstem9
7hich starte- in 2==2. /he su2mission 7as incorporate- 2 re3erence into the o33icia%
#$, Pro3essiona% Sta33 $eport 7ith a note re3erring to A%ack o3 integrit in the
e%ectronic recor- sstems o3 the Supreme ,ourt9 the -istrict courts an- the -etainees@
courts in .srae%.B >
iv
?
5oseph Cernik9 Ph19 the author o3 instant su2mission9 has specia%ize- over the past
-eca-e in ana%zing the e%ectronic recor- sstems o3 courts9 prisons9 an- 2anks. #is
reports on these su2jects 7ere peer-revie7e-9 pu2%ishe- an- presente- in internationa%
computer science &-ata mining* an- crimino%og con3erences. >
v
?
.t is %ike% that the #$" su2mission 3or the 2=1= 4P$ o3 the 4nite- States9 an- even
more so the #$" su2mission 3or the 2=1! 4P$ o3 the State o3 .srae%9 are the 3irst-ever
#uman $ights reports that are 2ase- on ./ sstem ana%sis an- -ata mining o3 such
sstems.
Dhereas the 2=1= #$" su2mission 3ocuse- on the ,a%i3ornia courts an- their ./
sstems9 instant su2mission 3ocuses on the 4S 3e-era% courts an- their respective ./
sstems.
B. Allegations
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=ig&re -4 (over o" Tie aga;ine "or #$ Independen'e Da%, J&l% 4, 20--
Di-e segments o3 the peop%e o3 the 4nite- States9 3rom mainstream me-ia9 through
right- an- %e3t-7ing po%itica% activists9 to #arvar- %a7 pro3essors >
vi
9
vii
? to-a ho%- that
the 4S government has un-ergone a trans3ormation over the past coup%e o3 -eca-es9
an- the 4S ,onstitution is no %onger in 3orce an- e33ect.
Such notion is 3urther supporte- 2 the statements o3 no other than 3ormer 4S
Presi-ent 5imm ,arter9 that the 4S Ahas no 3unctioning -emocracB9 >
viii
? an- a ca%%
2 no other than the ,hair o3 the Senate 5u-iciar ,ommittee 3or a /ruth an-
$econci%iation ,ommission on the 4S 1epartment o3 5ustice. >
ix
? Such commissions
are tpica%% institute- in nations that emerge 3rom un-er trannica% regimes... .n the
extreme9 such notion gives rise to various -issi-ent groups9 inc%u-ing9 2ut %imite- to
ESovereign Peop%eE9>
x
? E8reemenE9>
xi
? an- the arme- EDe%% $egu%ate- Fi%itiasE9>
xii
?
7hose recent stan-o33 7ith arme- 3e-era% 3orces aroun- the 'eva-a +un- ranch 7as
an unprece-ente- inci-ent in 4S histor. >
xiii
?
.3 true9 the voi-ing o3 the 4S ,onstitution 2 the 4S government shou%- 2e vie7e- as
an unannounce- regime change in the 4nite- States.
.nstant su2mission provi-es amp%e evi-ence that the 4S ,onstitution 7as in-ee-
voi-e-.
+oth experts an- the pu2%ic at %arge a%so rea%ize that 7i-esprea- corruption o3 the 4S
ju-iciar in particu%ar an- the 4S justice sstem in genera% is centra% to such
con-itions. >
xiv
9
xv
9
xvi
? Foreover9 2oth experts an- the pu2%ic at %arge rea%ize that
corruption o3 the 4S courts an- the 4S justice sstem is -irect% tie- to the current
socio-economic crisis in the 4nite- States9 its 3ai%ing 2anking regu%ation9 an- ongoing
3orec%osure 3rau- epi-emic. >
xvii
9
xviii
9
xix
?
.nstant su2mission -ocuments that 7i-esprea- corruption o3 the 4S ju-iciar9 4S
1epartment o3 5ustice9 an- the 4S %ega% pro3ession is centra% to such con-itions9 an-
that the imp%ementation o3 inva%i- 3rau-u%ent ./ sstems in the 4S courts9 7hich
starte- some t7o -eca-es ago 7as a ke event in esta2%ishing current con-itions -
voi-ing the 4S ,onstitution - an- in ena2%ing 7i-esprea- ju-icia% corruption.

=ig&re 24 PA(7? is !he p&*li' a''ess s%s!e o" !he #$ dis!ri'! 'o&r!s and #$ 'o&r!s o"
appeals, and (</7(= is !he respe'!ive 'ase anageen! and ele'!roni' "iling s%s!e)
/he 3rau- inherent in the ./ sstems o3 the 4S courts is not the tpica% spora-ic
corruption9 7hich can 2e 3oun- in an justice sstem to some -egree or another. .t is
corruption that 7as centra%% imp%emente-9 an- 7hich each an- ever sitting 4S ju-ge
must 2e a7are o39 as 7e%% as an inte%%igent an- capa2%e attorne9 7ho appears 2e3ore
the 4S courts.
Specific allegations
-) /he ./ sstems o3 the 4S courts ena2%e the routine con-uct o3 simu%ate-
&sham/3ake* %itigation an- the pu2%ication o3 simu%ate- ju-icia% recor-s.
2) 4n-er such circumstances9 the ru%e o3 %a7 an- the 4S ,onstitution are e33ective%
suspen-e-. )ther7ise state-9 access to civi% courts &as oppose- to mi%itar
tri2una%s*9 operating un-er the %a7 o3 the 4nite- States9 is e33ective% -enie-.
3) Such trans3ormation o3 the 4S justice sstem shou%- 2e consi-ere- unannounce-
regime change. ,urrent con-itions are tpica% o3 a nation un-er martia% %a7.
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4) Such con-itions shou%- 2e -eeme- vio%ation o3 an artic%e o3 the niversal
Declaration of #uman &ights9 7here integrit o3 the courts an- the justice sstem
is a prereGuisite.
C. Evidence
1. I s!stem anal!sis
/he 4S government has comp%ete- a -eca-e-%ong project o3 transition to -igita%
a-ministration o3 the 4S courts at a cost that is estimate- at severa% 2i%%ion 4S -o%%ars.
,ourts o3 nations aroun- the 7or%- are going through simi%ar processes9 an- 4nite-
'ations reports on ju-icia% integrit promote such transitions. )2vious%9 e%ectronic
sstems can enhance the re%ia2i%it an- transparenc o3 the courts.
$ecor- keeping an- in3ormation processing un-er paper a-ministration o3 the courts
have evo%ve- over centuries9 an- 3orme- the core o3 -ue process an- 3air hearings.
/he transition to e%ectronic a-ministration o3 the courts a33ecte- a sea change in such
court proce-ures.
/7o sstems 7ere imp%emente- in the 4S -istrict courts an- courts o3 appea%sH
 P",E$ I 3or Pu2%ic "ccess to ,ourt E%ectronic $ecor-s9 an-
 ,F/E,8 I 3or ,ase Fanagement an- E%ectronic ,ourt 8i%ing.
"na%sis o3 the -esign an- operation o3 ./ sstems o3 the 4S -istrict courts an- 4S
courts o3 appea% &P",E$ an- ,F/E,8* an- the ./ sstem o3 the 4S Supreme ,ourt9
as 7e%% as -ata mining o3 recor-s 3rom numerous courts an- cases9 >
xx
9
xxi
? -ocuments
3un-amenta% 3%a7s in sstem va%i-it9 integrit9 an- operationH
a) The systems were developed and implemented with no lawful authority
/he ne7 ./ sstems represent a sea change in court proce-ures9 2ut 2oth the courts
an- the 4S ,ongress 3ai%e- to esta2%ish the ne7 e%ectronic court proce-ures 2 %a7.
&see ". #) Rules Ena#ling Act9 2e%o7*
b) Servers of unverified identity
=ig&re 34 $&pree (o&r! o" !he #ni!ed $!a!es 5 &n'er!i"ied server iden!i!%) The (hroe
*ro+ser essages indi'a!e4 a0 Iden!i!% o" !his si!e is &nveri"ied) *0 (onne'!ion !o !his si!e is
&nen'r%p!ed)
c) Invalid implementation of electronic signatures (including invisible electronic
signatures - “The Emperor's ew !loths")
"%though a%% recor-s o3 the 4S courts are to-a e%ectronic recor-s9 there is no va%i-
imp%ementation o3 visi2%e e%ectronic signatures on an such recor-s. 'either -o such
recor-s 2ear scanne- han- signatures.
d) Invalid implementation of authentication and service procedures
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$NIE% &AE& %I&RIC CO$R
'OR HE %I&RIC O' (name o) district*
,ase 'um2erH Jnum2erK
Jname1K9 0laintiff9
v.
Jname2K9 Defendant.
CERI'ICAE O' &ER+ICE
.9 the un-ersigne-9 here2 certi3 that . am an emp%oee in the )33ice o3 the ,%erk9 4.S.
1istrict ,ourt9 'orthern 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia.
/hat on J-ateK9 . SE$LE1 a true an- correct cop&ies* o3 the attache-9 2 p%acing sai-
cop&ies* in a postage pai- enve%ope a--resse- to the person&s* hereina3ter %iste-9 2 -epositing
sai- enve%ope in the 4.S. Fai%9 or 2 p%acing sai- cop&ies* into an inter-o33ice -e%iver
receptac%e %ocate- in the ,%erk@s o33ice.
Jservice %istK
1ate-H J-ateK
Jname o3 in-ivi-ua%K9 ,%erk
>7et graphic signature?
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM
+H Jname o3 in-ivi-ua%K9 1eput ,%erk
=ig&re 44 Paper5*ased (er!i"i'a!e o" $ervi'e, as &sed *% !he (lerks o" !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!s
prior !o ipleen!a!ion o" PA(7? and (</7(=, !he ele'!roni' in"ora!ion s%s!es o" !he #$
'o&r!s) The re'ord in'l&ded a 'er!i"i'a!ion s!a!een!, 6I 'er!i"%D:, !he nae and a&!hori!% o"
!he individ&al exe'&!ing !he 'er!i"i'a!ion, and his/her hand signa!&re) The 'er!i"i'a!ion re'ords
+ere 'onsidered an essen!ial par! o" !he p&*li' re'ords in !he paper 'o&r! "iles)

=ig&re @4 7le'!roni' (er!i"i'a!e o" A&!hen!i'a!ion .97= E 9o!i'e o" 7le'!roni' =iling0 "ro
li!iga!ion o" $7( v BA( .-40B5'v50AF2B0 in !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, $o&!hern Dis!ri'! o" 9e+
Gork) The "or "ails !o in'l&de a 'er!i"i'a!ion s!a!een!, 6I 'er!i"%D:, "ails !o in'l&de !he nae
and a&!hori!% o" an individ&al, +ho iss&ed !he 'er!i"i'a!e, and "ails !o in'l&de a valid
individ&alHs digi!al signa!&re) Ins!ead, onl% an 67le'!roni' Do'&en! $!ap: .a 'he'ks&
s!ring0 appears in !he 97=) In n&ero&s 'ases, 97=s +ere dis'overed, +hi'h are issing
!he 67le'!roni' Do'&en! $!ap:, and !here"ore !he respe'!ive ,&di'ial re'ords are deeed
invalid and ine""e'!&al *% !he 'o&r!s !heselves, a "a'! !ha! 'anno! *e de!erined *% !he
p&*li' a! large) =&r!herore, !he 97=s are ex'l&ded "ro p&*li' a''ess) .The spe'i"i' re'ord
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is arked 6?eda'!ed *% $7(:, and +as o*!ained "ro !he o""i'e o" !he =air =&nd
Adinis!ra!or0)

=ig&re A4 7le'!roni' (er!i"i'a!e o" A&!hen!i'a!ion .97= E 9o!i'e o" 7le'!roni' =iling0 "ro li!iga!ion o" Fine
v Sheriff .240B5'v50-B-40 in !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia) The 97= is invalid,
p&rs&an! !o !he Io'al ?&les o" !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, sin'e i! is issing !he J7le'!roni' Do'&en!
$!apJ) There"ore, !he respe'!ive re'ord, <anda!e *% !he #$ (o&r! o" Appeals, B!h (ir'&i!, "iled on
=e*r&ar% 23, 20-0, +as an &na&!hen!i'a!ed re'ord) The 97= o" !he J&dgen! re'ord in !he sae
li!iga!ion also "ailed !o in'l&de !he JJ7le'!roni' Do'&en! $!apJ, as did all ,&di'ial re'ord in Zernik v
(onnor e! al in !he sae 'o&r!) $iilar re'ords +ere "o&nd in o!her #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!s as +ell) $&'h
pra'!i'e invalida!es !he respe'!ive ,&di'ial re'ords, ena*ling !he 'ond&'! o" si&la!ed li!iga!ion, al*ei!,
!he p&*li' has no a''ess !o !he 97=s, and 'anno! dis!ing&ish *e!+een re'ords *earing valid or invalid
97=)
)3 particu%ar concern is the -esign an- operation o3 the 'E8s9 the certi3icates o3
authentication in ,F/E,8. /he 'E8 purporte-% provi-es the authentication o3
the service o3 an e%ectronica%%-3i%e- p%ea-ing or other 3i%ing 2 parties9 or o3 service
o3 the e%ectronica%%-3i%e- or-ers an- ju-gments o3 the courts9 upon attornes in the
case 7ho have 2een permitte- 2 the court to participate in e%ectronic 3i%ing in
,F/E,8. /here3ore9 3or such parties9 the 'E8 rep%ace- the tra-itiona% certi3icate o3
service or proo3 o3 service. :ike7ise9 the graphic han--signatures in tra-itiona%
certi3icates o3 service 7ere rep%ace- in 'E8s 2 -igita%% encrpte-9a%phanumeric
EchecksumE strings. E33ective%9 the 'E8 to-a is the evi-ence o3 entr o3 court
minutes9 or-ers9 an- ju-gments9 an- there3ore9 it is o3 critica% signi3icance.
+eon- the inva%i- -esign o3 the 3orm itse%39 as -escri2e- a2ove the universa%
exc%usion o3 the 'E8s 3rom pu2%ic access has no p%ausi2%e exp%anation that is
consistent 7ith honest a-ministration o3 the courts.
/he opening statement on the 'E8 sasH
A/his is an automatic e-mai% message generate- 2 the ,F/E,8 sstem.B
/here3ore9 the overa%% -esign o3 the 'E8s as a certi3icates o3 authentication is
compara2%e to sstems9 7hich 7ere recent% -escri2e- as A$o2o-signersB9 an- 7ere
c%aime- as inherent to 3rau- in 2anking recor-s un-er the current 3inancia% crisis.
/he 'E8 is a recor- that purports to provi-e certi3ication o3 critica% court recor-s9 2ut
in 3act inc%u-e no certi3ication statements that imp% accounta2i%it 2 an in-ivi-ua%.
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"s -escri2e- a2ove9 the E%ectronic 1ocument Stamp in the 'E8 rep%ace- the han--
signature o3 the ,%erk in the ,erti3icate o3 Service. #o7ever9 the Stamp is a
checksum string9 an- as such9 cannot 2e -eeme- a -igita% signature. Foreover9 the
Peop%e are -enie- access to the 'E8s an- are a%so -enie- access to an uti%it that
7ou%- permit them to veri3 the integrit o3 an court recor- re%ative to the respective
Stamp.
/he ,F/E,8 4ser (ui-e o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 'orthern 1istrict o3 .%%inois is
uniGue among such user gui-es9 7hich have 2een survee-. .t provi-es -etai%e-
-escription o3 a A1ocument Leri3ication 4ti%itB9 7hich permits the ,F/E,8 user to
veri3 a given P",E$ recor- against the Stamp in the respective 'E8. >2N?
#o7ever9 there is no evi-ence that such access is permitte- even to ,F/E,8 users in
other 4S courts9 an- no court permits such access to the Peop%e.
#a- the Peop%e 2een permitte- access to the 'E8s an- the 1ocument Leri3ication
4ti%it in the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Dashington9 1,9 the t7o9 com2ine-9 7ou%- have
provi-e- -e3initive evi-ence 3or the a-u%teration o3 the )r-er in the (uantanamo +a
ha2eas corpus case9 recent% reporte- 2 the 'ationa% :a7 5ourna%. >2;?
:ike7ise9 access to the 'E8s an- 4ti%it in the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3
'O9 7ou%- permit to esta2%ish the integrit9 or %ack thereo39 o3 recor-s in the %itigation
at han-. #o7ever9 su33icient evi-ence is pro-uce- to conc%u-e9 3or examp%e9 that no
'E8s at a%% exist 3or an o3 the AminutesB in this case.
/he centra% source 3or in3ormation regar-ing 'E8s remains in ,F/E,8 manua%s.
>
xxii
9
xxiii
9
xxiv
9
xxv
?
8or examp%e9 the most exp%icit -e3inition o3 the po7er an- e33ect o3 'E8 in the
,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia9 one o3 the most popu%ous in the 4.S.9 inc%u-ing :os
"nge%es ,ount9 remaine- in the E4no33icia% Fanua%E o3 ,F/E,8 as 3o%%o7s &$ev
=79 2==N9 page 1!*H >
xxvi
?
,. he Notice o) Electronic 'iling
/he sstem 7i%% present ou 7ith a 'otice o3 E%ectronic 8i%ing &A'E8B* screen
an- 7i%% a%so e-mai% ou a cop o3 the 'E8. /he 'otice o3 E%ectronic 8i%ing
&A'E8B* is our proo3 that the -ocument has 2een E-8i%e-. Oou shou%- print the
screen to a piece o3 paper or a P18 &or 2oth* 2e3ore procee-ing9 2ecause ou
7i%% nee- to attach the 'E8 as the %ast page o3 the courtes cop that ou su2mit
to the ,ourt. /he 'E8 inc%u-es a A-ocument num2erB an- a %ink. +e sure to note
that -ocument num2er9 as ou 7i%% nee- it i3 ou nee- to e-mai% a propose- or-er
to the ,ourt. /he 'E8 a%so inc%u-es an AE%ectronic 1ocument StampB 7hich is a
string o3 %etters an- num2ers 7hich ,ourt sta33 can use to veri3 the authenticit
o3 the 'E8. /he 'E8 a%so contains the path an- 3i%e name o3 the -ocument ou
up%oa-e- an- an attachments.
" more speci3ic -e3inition is 3oun- in the 4nite- States 1istrict ,ourt 3or the Destern
1istrict o3 /exas "-ministrative Po%icies an- Proce-ures 3or E%ectronic 8i%ing. >
xxvii
?
&ection -. %e)initions and Related Re/uirements. &page 5*
h. 'otice o3 E%ectronic 8i%ing &A'E8B* is an e%ectronic notice automatica%%
generate- 2 the E%ectronic 8i%ing Sstem at the time a -ocument is -ockete-.
/he 'E8 inc%u-es the time o3 3i%ing an- -ocketing9 the name o3 the part an-
8i%ing 4ser 3i%ing the -ocument9 the tpe o3 -ocument9 the text o3 the -ocket
entr9 the name o3 the part an- 8i%ing 4ser receiving the notice. .3 a -ocument
is attache- to the -ocket entr9 the 'E8 7i%% contain a #per%ink to the 3i%e-
-ocument a%%o7ing recipients to retrieve the -ocument.
&ection 0. Conse/uences o) Electronic 'iling &page 11*
a. E%ectronic transmission o3 a -ocument through the E%ectronic 8i%ing Sstem
constitutes the 3i%ing o3 the -ocument pursuant to $u%e 5&e*9 8E1E$": $4:ES
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
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)8 ,.L.: P$),E14$E9 an- $u%e 6;9 8E1E$": $4:ES )8 ,$.F.'":
P$),E14$E.
2. /he transmission o3 a 'E8 constitutes entr on the -ocket pursuant to $u%es
5N an- 7;9 8E1E$": $4:ES )8 ,.L.: P$),E14$E9 an- $u%es 6; an- 559
8E1E$": $4:ES )8 ,$.F.'": P$),E14$E.
&ection 11. Notice o) Court Orders and 2udgments
a. .mme-iate% upon entr o3 an or-er or ju-gment9 the ,%erk 7i%% transmit a
'E8 to 8i%ing 4sers. /ransmission o3 the 'E8 constitutes the notice reGuire- 2
$u%e 77&-*9 8E1E$": $4:ES )8 ,.L.: P$),E14$E9 an- $u%e 6;&c*9
8E1E$": $4:ES )8 ,$.F.'": P$),E14$E. /he ,%erk 7i%% sen- paper
copies o3 or-ers an- ju-gments to non-8i%ing 4sers.
/he (enera% )r-er =N-=2 o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia
provi-e- a--itiona% in3ormation9 pertaining to the signi3icance o3 the Ee%ectronic
-ocument stampE in the process o3 entrH >
xxviii
?
I+. Electronic 'iling. &page 17*
...
O. Certi)ication o) Electronic %ocuments. Pursuant to 8e-era% $u%es o3 ,ivi%
Proce-ure 66&a*&1* an- 66&c*9 the metho- o3 e%ectronic certi3ication -escri2e-
herein is -eeme- proo3 o3 an o33icia% court recor- maintaine- 2 the ,%erk o3
,ourt. /he 'E8 contains the -ate o3 e%ectronic -istri2ution an- i-enti3ication o3
the 4nite- States 1istrict ,ourt 3or the ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia as the
sen-er. "n encrpte- veri3ication co-e appears in the e%ectronic -ocument stamp
section o3 the 'E8. /he e%ectronic -ocument stamp sha%% 2e use- 3or the purpose
o3 con3irming the authenticit o3 the transmission an- associate- -ocument&s*
7ith the ,%erk o3 ,ourt9 as necessar. Dhen a -ocument has 2een e%ectronica%%
3i%e- into ,F.E,89 the o33icia% recor- is the e%ectronic recor-ing o3 the
-ocument kept in the custo- o3 the ,%erk o3 ,ourt. /he 'E8 provi-es
certi3ication that the associate- -ocument&s* is a true an- correct cop o3 the
origina% 3i%e- 7ith the court.
"%though such in3ormation is -erive- 3rom -isparate 4S courts9 it can 2e assume- to
2e universa%% app%ica2%e9 since the 2asic p%at3orms o3 P",E$ an- ,F/E,8 7ere
universa%% imp%emente- in a%% 4S courts. #o7ever9 signi3icant variations are 3oun- in
the manner in 7hich the 'E8s are emp%oe-.
"s -ocumente-9 a2ove9 in the texts 3rom the 4S 1istrict ,ourts in ,a%i3ornia an-
/exas9 the 'E8 to-a is the -e3initive recor- in-icating the entr o3 minutes9 or-ers9
an- ju-gments o3 the 4S courts. /he %isting o3 such minutes9 or-ers9 an- ju-gments in
the P",E$ -ockets9 in itse%39 is not necessari% in-icative o3 entr o3 such ju-icia%
recor-s as va%i- an- e33ectua% recor-s o3 the court.
Examp%es have 2een recor-e- in various 4S courts o3 minutes9 or-ers9 an- ju-gments9
7hich 7ere pu2%ishe- in the P",E$ -ockets9 2ut 7ere not authenticate- as entere-
through the issuance o3 a va%i- 'E8. )2vious%9 such minutes9 or-ers9 an- ju-gments
are not -eeme- va%i- an- e33ectua% 2 the 4S courts. >
xxix
?
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=ig&re 74 Do'&en! Keri"i'a!ion #!ili!% as des'ri*ed in !he (</7(= #ser C&ide o" !he #$ Dis5
!ri'! (o&r!, 9or!hern Dis!ri'! o" Illinois) The #!ili!% ena*les a&!hori;ed person !o de!erine, i" a
'o&r! re'ord +as ad&l!era!ed) The People are denied a''ess !o !he #!ili!%, and also denied
a''ess !o !he 7le'!roni' Do'&en! $!ap, +hi'h is &sed in !he #!ili!%) L30M
e) Establishing of “double boo#s" systems
"s 7as the case in a%% other 4S -istrict courts9 7hich 7ere inspecte-9 pu2%ic access to
the authentication recor-s &'E8s* o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 'e7
Oork is -enie-. >10? /he ,%erk o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 %ike c%erks o3 most c%erks o3
other -istrict an- appea%s courts9 7here attempt to access the recor-s9 to inspect an- to
cop9 -enie- such access in vio%ation o3 4S %a7.
8urthermore9 at the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 'e7 Oork9 pu2%ic access to
the ,a%en-ars o3 the ,ourts is unreasona2% %imite-. "ccess is permitte- on% to the
current seven -as 7in-o79 an- access to the 1ocket "ctivit $eport is -enie-.
"s a resu%t o3 such con-itions9 the pu2%ic9 an- at times a%so pro%se parties are -enie-
access to recor-s9 7hich are essentia% 3or -etermination o3 the va%i-it an- e33ect o3
court recor-s9 7hich are pu2%ishe- on%ine.
f) Invalid implementation of authorities and permissions
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
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=ig&re F4 T+o en!ries "ro !he online PA(7? Do'ke! o" $7( v BA( .-40B5'v50AF2B0 in !he #$
Dis!ri'! (o&r!, $o&!hern Dis!ri'! o" 9e+ Gork) The Jan&ar% -2, 20-0 en!r% in'l&des a Do'ke!
9&*er and a link !o an a'!&al re'ord) The Jan&ar% -B, 20-0 en!r% has no Do'ke! 9&*er
designa!ed, and no link !o an% re'ord) There"ore, no 'o&r! re'ord exis!s "or !he la!!er en!r%)
<oreover, given !he design o" !he 97=s .9o!i'es o" 7le'!roni' =iling0, even had !he respe'!ive
re'ord exis!ed soe+here, i! 'o&ldnH! possi*l% have *een a&!hen!i'a!ed, and !here"ore, +o&ld
have *een an invalid 'o&r! re'ord) There"ore, !he &l!iple en!ries in !he do'ke! o" !his 'ase,
+here no Do'ke! 9&*er and links are provided, sho&ld *e deeed "alse and deli*era!el%
isleading do'ke! no!a!ions) #9 repor!s 'onsider issing 'o&r! re'ords a 'ardinal sign o" ,&di5
'ial 'orr&p!ion)
Entries are ma-e in 4S -istrict court -ockets 2 uni-enti3ie- persons o3 uni-enti3ie-
authorit. #o7ever9 in response to inGuir the o33ice o3 the c%erk o3 the 4S 1istrict
,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 'e7 Oork c%ari3ie- that such entries are not ma-e 2 au-
thorize- 1eput ,%erks. :ike7ise9 in the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 ,a%i-
3ornia9 numerous inva%i- entries 7ere ma-e in the -ockets o3 8ine v Sheri33 an- in
Cernik v ,onnor 2 Fs 1onna /homas9 an unauthorize- person.
g) $iscrimination in access to the courts
Practica%% in a%% 4S courts9 7hich 7ere examine-9 on% attornes are permitte- access
to ,F/E,8. "s a resu%t9 the represente- part is permitte- to e%ectronica%% 3i%e
recor-s in court9 7ith no oversight an- accounta2i%it 2 the o33ice o3 the c%erk. .n
contrast9 the unrepresente- part is reGuire- to 3i%e an- serve on% on paper9 incurring
su2stantia% a--itiona% time an- mone expen-iture.
Simi%ar%9 the courts e%ectronica%% serve ju-icia% recor-s an- an other notices on at-
tornes9 7hi%e unrepresente- parties are serve- an- notice- on% on paper.
8urthermore9 such sstem permits attornes9 7ho are not authorize- as ,ounse% o3
$ecor- 3or an part9 to appear an- 3i%e papers in the 4S courts. "s -ocumente- in
the Femoran-um )pinion 2 5u-ge +ohm9 such con-itions are a2use- 2 attornes9
7ho appear 7ith no authorit9 an- 7ith Eno communications 7ith c%ients c%auseE. >
xxx
?
Such -iscrimination in access to the courts shou%- 2e -eeme- in vio%ation o3 the 3un-
-amenta%s o3 8air /ria%.
h) %niversal failure to doc#et summonses&
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
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=ig&re B4 $&ons in $7( v Bank o" Aeri'a (orpora!ion in !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, $o&!hern
Dis!ri'! o" 9e+ Gork) The s&ons is &nsigned, and "ails !o *ear !he seal o" !he 'o&r!, and
!here"ore invalid) As is !he 'ase in o!her 'o&r!s !ha! origina!e in !he 7nglish 'oon la+, !he
s&ons es!a*lishes !he ,&risdi'!ion o" !he 'o&r! in a given a!!er) There"ore, !he invalid
s&ons renders !he en!ire li!iga!ion invalid and +i!ho&! an% ,&risdi'!ion) $iilar, invalid s&5
onses +ere dis'overed in o!her 'ases and o!her 'o&r!s) <oreover, !he #$ 'o&r!s ro&!inel%
"ail !o do'ke! !he s&onses, in disregard o" !he #$ (ivil (o&r! Pro'ed&res) There"ore, !he
p&*li' a! large 'anno! dis!ing&ish valid and e""e'!&al li!iga!ion "ro si&la!ed li!iga!ion) =&r5
!herore, !he 'lerk o" !he #$ (o&r!, $o&!hern Dis!ri'! o" 9e+ Gork denied a''ess !o !he s&5
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
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ons, in disregard o" !he =irs! Aenden! righ! !o a''ess 'o&r! re'ords) The re'ord +as o*5
!ained !hro&gh =reedo o" In"ora!ion A'! re3&es! on !he $7() L
xxxi
M
/he 4S -istrict courts to-a universa%% 3ai% to -ocket summonses9 in -isregar- o3 the
4S ,ivi% ,ourt Proce-ures. "s is the case in other courts9 7hich originate in the Eng-
%ish common %a79 the summonses esta2%ish the juris-iction o3 the court in a given
matter. /here3ore9 %itigation9 7here no va%i- summonses 7ere issue- an- execute-9 is
an inva%i- %itigation. #o7ever9 as a resu%t o3 -enia% o3 pu2%ic access to the sum-
monses9 the pu2%ic cannot -istinguish 2et7een %a73u% %itigation an- simu%ate- %itiga-
tion9 7hich is con-ucte- 7ith no va%i- summonses.
g) 'dulterated and missing of court records
.n various cases9 ke recor-s are -e%ete- 3rom the P",E$ -ockets o3 the 4S -istrict
courts or the 4S courts o3 appea%s 7ith no %ega% 3oun-ation9 in -isregar- o3 the 4S
,ivi% ,ourt Proce-ures. >
xxxii
9
xxxiii
? 4nite- 'ations reports note missing court recor-s
as a car-ina% sign o3 ju-icia% corruptin. >?
.n other cases9 the evi-ence in-icates that recor-s 7ere a-u%terate-9 e.g.9 the Petition
3or a Drit o3 #a2eas ,orpus o3 $ichar- 8ine in the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict
o3 ,a%i3ornia9 an- -ecision in the #a2eas ,orpus petition o3 (uantanamo +a -e-
tainee 4thman "2-u% $ahim Fohamme- 4thman in the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Dashing-
ton 1, 9 as reporte- 2 me-ia. >
xxxiv
?
-. Case studies
$evie7 o3 the recor-s o3 in-ivi-ua% cases9 -emonstrates that the courts on a routine
2asis con-uct simu%ate- &mock/sham* court procee-ings9 an- generate an- propagate
simu%ate- e%ectronic %ega% pu2%ic recor-s.
a) Ha#eas Cor3us in the $nited &tates 4 the case o) Richard Isaac 'ine 5
666v
7


=ig&re -04 =ro le"!4 =orer #$ prose'&!or, an!i5,&di'ial 'orr&p!ion a'!ivis! ?i'hard =ine in an
in!ervie+ "ro Ios Angeles prison in 200B) #$ <agis!ra!e (arla Woehrle and #$ J&dge John
Wal!er, in !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia) The eviden'e indi'a!es !ha! !he
ha*eas 'orp&s pe!i!ion +as s&*,e'!ed !o perversion o" ,&s!i'e !hro&gh !he 'ond&'! o" pro5
!ra'!ed si&la!ed li!iga!ion,
/he case o3 $ichar- .saac 8ine is o3 uniGue signi3icance9 since it provi-e- -etai%e-
-ocumentation o3 the -eprivation o3 the %i2ert o3 an anti-ju-icia% corruption activist
through the operation in concert o3 3rau-u%ent e%ectronic recor- sstems o3H
• /he ,a%i3ornia Superior ,ourt9 ,ount o3 :os "nge%esP
• Sheri33@s 1epartment o3 the ,ount o3 :os "nge%esP
• 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3orniaP
• 4S ,ourt o3 "ppea%s9 ;th ,ircuit9 an-
• 4S Supreme ,ourt.
8ormer 4S prosecutor $ichar- .. 8ine expose- an- re2uke- the taking 2 :os "nge%es
ju-ges o3 Anot permitte-B paments9 7hich 7ere %a2e%e- 2 me-ia A2ri2esB. .n the
a3termath9 a 2i%% 7as passe- an- signe- into %a7 2 ,a%i3ornia (overnor "rno%-
Sch7arzenegger on 8e2ruar 2=9 2==;9 provi-ing Aretroactive immunitB to a%% ju-ges
invo%ve-.
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
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/7o 7eeks %ater9 on Farch 69 2==;9 $ichar- 8ine 7as arreste- 2 the Darrant 1etai%
o3 :os "nge%es ,ount Sheri33@s 1epartment9 at the en- o3 a -ramatic procee-ing9
represente- as ESentencingE - in the presence o3 me-ia - 2 5u-ge 1avi- Oa33e.
$ichar- 8ine 7as attempting to -isGua%i3 5u-ge Oa33e. /he 2asis 3or a33i-avits o3
-isGua%i3ication 3or a cause 7as 5u-ge 1avi- Oa33e@s accepting o3 such paments 3rom
a part to the %itigation then at 2ar I Farina 1e% $e #ome )7ners@ "ssociation v
,ount o3 :os "nge%es &+S1=;62=*.
/he entire procee-ing %ater 3ai%e- to appear in the pu2%ic% avai%a2%e %itigation
chrono%og9 pu2%ishe- on%ine 2 the court. :ike7ise9 the court recor- that 7as the
Farch 69 2==; 5u-gment an- )r-er o3 ,ontempt9 inc%u-ing 7hat 7as represente- as
ESentencingE9 7hich 7as 7i-e% reporte- 2 me-ia9 7as %ater -iscovere- to 2e inva%i-
on its 3ace. /he recor- 7as a%so %acking va%i- authentication.
/hroughout the #a2eas ,orpus petitions o3 $ichar- 8ine9 an- to this -ate9 the :os
"nge%es Superior ,ourt -enies access to the $egister o3 "ctions &,a%i3ornia civi%
-ocket I the o33icia% recor- o3 the %itigation* in the case o3 Farina 1e% $e #ome
)7ners@ "ssociation v ,ount o3 :os "nge%es.
/here3ore9 there is no 7a to te%% 7hether the Farch 69 2==; procee-ing 7as at a%%
%iste- as a court procee-ing 2 the court itse%3. /he Farch 69 2==; Finutes &protoco%*9
remaine- unsigne-9 an- never mentione- an sentencing hearing at a%%.
$ichar- 8ine 7as %ater he%- in the Fen@s ,entra% 5ai% 3aci%it in :os "nge%es - part o3
the /7in /o7ers 5ai% comp%ex9 un-er unusua%9 possi2% unprece-ente- con-itions. #e
7as he%- un-er continuous so%itar con3inement9 in a hospita% room in the jai%9 a%2eit -
no -isease or -isa2i%it 7ere ever c%aime- 2 jai% authorities.
$ichar- 8ine 7as he%- a%% a%ong 7ith no 7arrant at a%%. /he in3ormation provi-e- 2
the Sheri33@s 1epartment o3 :os "nge%es ,ount in this matter on its e%ectronic recor-
sstem - the .nmate .n3ormation ,enter - 7as 3a%se an- mis%ea-ing. /he arrest an-
2ooking 7ere %iste- as i3 the ha- taken p%ace on %ocation an- 2 authorit o3 the
Funicipa% ,ourt o3 San Pe-ro. #o7ever9 no municipa% courts ha- existe- in :os
"nge%es 3or a%most a -eca-e at that time.
.n the 3irst 3e7 months o3 his jai%ing9 8ine 7as -enie- access to pen an- paper9 an-
such con-itions un-ermine- his a2i%it to 3i%e his #a2eas ,orpus an- re%ate- petitions.
5ai% authorities a%so exp%icit% attempte- in the initia% perio- to -eprive him o3 the right
to represent himse%39 an- to coerce him to accept representation 2 counse%9 7hich
8ine -ec%ine-.
)n 5une 79 2==;9 the :os "nge%es /imes pu2%ishe- report &consi-ere- un3avora2%e* 2
3ema%e 5ourna%ist Lictoria <im9 7ho purporte-% manage- to enter the Fen@s 5ai%9
intervie7 8ine9 an- emerge out o3 the jai% unnotice-9 at a time that the Sheri33@s
1epartment an- the court 2anne- intervie7s 7ith 8ine.
'ine1s petition for a writ of #abeas $orpus, 'ine v Sheriff of the $ounty of *os
"ngeles
&2H=;-cv-=1;16* 7as -ictate- 2 phone to a 3rien-9 an- 7as 3i%e- on 2eha%3 o3 $ichar-
8ine at the 4S ,ourt9,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia &:os "nge%es*9 2ut 7ithout his
han- signature9 an- 7ithout revie7 2 him o3 the 3i%e- -ocument. <e -ocuments
7ere %ater c%aime- missing 3rom the -ocket.
/he case 7as unusua% in that the Sheri339 name- as $espon-ent9 re3use- to respon-.
Eventua%%9 response 7as 3i%e- 2 the :os "nge%es Superior ,ourt an- 5u-ge 1avi-
Oa33e. #o7ever9 such response 7as 3i%e- 2 attorne <evin Fc,ormick9 7ho 3ai%e- to
3i%e the reGuire- certi3ications in-icating that he 7as in-ee- engage- as a ,ounse% o3
$ecor- in the case 2 his c%ients9 an- there3ore authorize- to 3i%e an- appear in the
case on their 2eha%3. >
xxxvi
? 8urther investigation provi-e- evi-ence that "ttorne
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
16/57
Fc,ormick 7as in 3act never autheorize- as ,ounse% o3 $ecor- 2 5u-ge 1avi- Oa33e
an- the :os "nge%es Superior ,ourt. >
xxxvii
?
.n "ttorne Fc,ormick@s response there 7as no evi-ence that he ha- ever
communicate- 7ith his c%ients. /he recor-s 7hich he 3i%e-9 7ere a%% -erive- 3rom the
Sheri33@s 1epartment9 not 3rom the ,ourt9 inc%u-ing a cop o3 the inva%i- Farch
692==; 5u-gment an- )r-er 3or ,ontempt9 7ith no authentication.
"ttorne Fc,ormick@s 3i%ings a%so inc%u-e- a short -ec%aration 2 counse% - not a
competent 3act 7itness in this case - not 2 5u-ge 1avi- Oa33e or an o33icer o3 the
:os "nge%es Superior courts. " scheme9 invo%ving representation 2 counse% - a%2eit
not ,ounse% o3 $ecor- - 7ith Eno communications 7ith c%ientE c%ause - ha- 2een
previous% -iscovere- an- re2uke- in an unre%ate- case in /exas9 in Farch 2==N9 an-
a 72-page Femoran-um )pinion provi-e- the -etai%s o3 such schemes.
/he 5une 129 2==; $eport Q $ecommen-ations issue- 2 Fagistrate ,ar%a Doehr%e
conc%u-e- 2 recommen-ing -enia% 7ith preju-ice. /he 25 page revie79 care3u%%
re3erence-9 7as -istinguishe- as #a2eas ,orpus revie7 2 the 3act that it 3ai%e- to
ever exp%icit% state the caption o3 the :os "nge%es Superior ,ourt case that 7as un-er
revie79 or ever mention the 7or- E7arrantE.
" 5une 2;9 2==; 5u-gment issue- 2 5u-ge 5ohn Da%ter9 7ho presi-e- in the case a3ter
a num2er o3 recusa%s9 accepte- the recommen-ation.
#o7ever9 2oth o3 these court papers9 %ike a%% papers issue- 2 the 4S. 1istrict ,ourt
in this case %acke- authentication9 reGuire- to make court papers va%i- an- e33ectua%9
an- 7ere there3ore inva%i- court recor-s.
:ike7ise9 a petition 3i%e- on 8ine@s 2eha%3 at the 4S. ,ourt o3 "ppea%s 3or the ;th
,ircuit - 'ine v Sheriff &=;-710;2*9 7as -enie-9 2ut the 5une !=9 2==; )r-er -ening
the petition9 2earing the names o3 ,hie3 5u-ge "%ex <ozinski an- ,ircuit 5u-ges
$ichar- Paez an- $ichar- /a%%man 7as unsigne-9 unentere-9 an- %acke-
authentication as 7e%%.
Eventua%%9 8ine 3i%e- petitions an- app%ications to the 4S Supreme ,ourt. #o7ever9
the pattern o3 pretense revie7 an- inva%i- court recor-s an- proce-ures persiste- even
in the highest court o3 the %an-.
" Fotion to .ntervene 7as 3i%e- in the 4S Supreme ,ourt9 inc%u-ing -etai%e- revie7
o3 the 3a%se e%ectronic recor-s o3 the jai% an- the %o7er courts.
#o7ever9 the papers 7ere never revie7e- 2 the 4S Supreme ,ourt. .nstea-9
the 7ere Areturne-B 2 mai%9 in apparent vio%ation o3 2oth 4S an- internationa% %a79
7ith no revie7 at a%%.
Foreover9 7hi%e the on%ine -ockets o3 the 4S Supreme ,ourt in-icate- that the cases
o3 $ichar- 8ine 7ere revie7e- an- -enie-9 attempts to access the recor-s o3 the 4S
Supreme ,ourt9 to inspect an- to cop the recor-s9 3oun- no va%i- ju-icia% recor-s to
support the notations in the on%ine -ockets.
)n Septem2er 179 2=1=9 $ichar- 8ine 7as re%ease- 2 the Sheri33. "gain9 the re%ease
took p%ace 7ith no va%i- or-er ever entere- 2 the :os "nge%es Superior ,ourt.
.nstea-9 Septem2er 179 2=1= Finutes 7ere issue- un-er caption o3 2arina v *"
$ounty &+S1=;62=*9 7here issuance o3 an or-er 7as -escri2e-9 2ut no evi-ence o3 a
signe- or-er 7as ever 3oun-. /he Finutes a%so 3ai%e- to spe%% out that an or-er 7as
ever signe- 2 5u-ge Oa33e to a33ect the re%ease o3 $ichar- 8ine on that -ate. /he
Septem2er 179 2=1= Finutes opening sentence statesH
8or reasons kno7n on% to himse%39 8ine is attempting to o2tain his re%easeR
8urther9 the Septem2er 179 2=1= Finutes justi3 the a2rupt re%ease as 3o%%o7sH
.t is 2ecoming increasing% c%ear that 8ineSs con-uct is irrationa%R #is
con-uct is 2izarre9 an- that 3act a%one must 2e consi-ere- 2 this court...
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
15/57
/he Septem2er 179 2=1= Finutes a%so 3ai%e- to appear among the %ist o3 court recor-s
in the case9 7hich 7ere pu2%ishe- on%ine 2 the ,ourt. :ike7ise9 the ,ase Summar
3ai%e- to state that an )r-er 7as signe- 2 5u-ge Oa33e on Septem2er 179 2=1=9 or
entere- 2 the ,ourt on that -ate. )3 note9 a -a ear%ier9 5u-ge 1avi- Oa33e poste-
minutes9 7hich -enie- $ichar- 8ineSs reGuest 3or re%ease. Dhat cause- the change o3
min- overnight an- the a2rupt re%ease o3 8ine on Septem2er 1792=1=9 remaine-
unkno7n.
,om2ine-9 the arrest9 imprisonment9 an- re%ease o3 $ichar- 8ine present an examp%e
o3 ar2itrar an- capricious -eprivation o3 %i2ert through co%%usion o3 the :os "nge%es
Superior ,ourt an- the :os "nge%es Sheri33Ss 1epartment.
/he ,a%i3ornia ,o-e o3 $egu%ations9 /it%e 15H ,rime Prevention an- ,orrections9
T!27!. "cceptance an- Surren-er o3 ,usto-9 statesH
Dar-ens an- superinten-ents must not accept or surren-er custo- o3 an
prisoner un-er an circumstances9 except 2 va%i- court or-er or other -ue
process o3 %a7.
/he case re3%ects 7i-esprea- corruption o3 the Superior ,ourt o3 ,a%i3ornia9 ,ount
o3 :os "nge%es9 the %argest count court in the 4nite- States9 an- cover-up o3 the
same 2 the 4S courts.
$eport regar-ing corruption o3 the Superior ,ourt9 inc%u-ing9 2ut not %imite- to9 the
imprisonment o3 $ichar- 8ine9 7as incorporate- 2 re3erence into the 2=1= 4P$
&4niversa% Perio-ic $evie7* Sta33 $eport o3 the #uman $ights ,ounci% o3 the 4nite-
'ations9 7ith a note regar-ing Acorruption o3 the courts an- the %ega% pro3ession an-
-iscrimination 2 %a7 en3orcement in ,a%i3orniaB.
,overage o3 the case 7as most% %e3t to o33 mainstream me-ia. :arge corporate me-ia
out%et reports 7ere incomp%ete an- at times partia% or p%ain% 3a%se.
)ne o3 the centra% recommen-ations o3 the 2=1= 4P$ report on the 4nite- States
pertaine- to restoration o3 the right 3or #a2eas ,orpus9 7ith re3erence to -etentions in
(uantanamo +a.
"s -ocumente- in the case o3 $ichar- 8ine9 the right o3 #a2eas ,orpus 7as
e33ective% -enie- a%so on a 4S citizen9 3ormer 4S prosecutor9 in the territoria% 4nite-
States9 through e33ective -enia% o3 access to honest courts.
Perhaps the most important insight gaine- 3rom the case o3 $ichar- 8ine pertains to
the ke ro%e o3 3a%se an- -e%i2erate% mis%ea-ing e%ectronic recor- sstems in the
courts an- prisons in the 4nite- States in the a2use o3 #uman $ights.
1ue to the unusua% set o3 characters9 the num2er o3 court cases 3i%e- 2 $ichar- 8ine9
an- the meticu%ous -ocumentation9 the case as a 7ho%e provi-es unpara%%e%e- stu- o3
the justice sstem9#uman $ights9 an- civi% societ con-itions in the 4nite- States at
the onset o3 the 21st centur.
#) Securities and E(change !ommission v )an# of 'merica !orporation 5
666viii
8
666i6
7

=ig&re --4 =ro le"! !o righ!4 Ilo%d Blank"ein, 'hie" exe'&!ive o" Coldan $a'hs1 Jaie Di5
on, 'hie" exe'&!ive o" JP <organ (hase1 John <a'k, 'hairan o" <organ $!anle%1 and
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
10/57
Brian <o%nihan, 'hie" exe'&!ive o" Bank o" Aeri'a, s+orn in *e"ore !he =inan'ial (risis In5
3&ir% (oission, Jan&ar% -3, 20-0, and #$ J&dge Jed ?ako"", $o&!hern Dis!ri'! o" 9e+
Gork) The eviden'e indi'a!es !ha! J&dge ?ako"", $7( and Bank o" Aeri'a 'oll&ded in !he
'ond&'! o" si&la!ed li!iga!ion in a landark 'ase &nder !he '&rren! "inan'ial 'risis)
Al!ho&gh =BI Dire'!or ?o*er! <&eller III repea!edl% !es!i"ied *e"ore !he $ena!e !ha! i! +as in5
ves!iga!ing 'riinali!% &nderl%ing !he s&*5prie 'risis, L
xl
,
xli
M no prose'&!ion o" !op "ig&re ever
res&l!ed "ro s&'h inves!iga!ions) In 'on!ras!, inves!iga!ion o" 9e+ Gork $!a!e A!!orne% Cen5
eral Andre+ (&oo &n'overed *la!an! 'riinali!% o" !op "ig&res in Bank o" Aeri'a in 'oll&5
sion +i!h !op #$ o""i'ers 5 (hairan o" !he =ederal ?eserve Ben Bernanke, Treas&r% $e're5
!ar% >enr% Pa&lson) L
xlii
M The $ena!e $&*'oi!!ee on Inves!iga!ions repor! on !he "inan'ial
'risis, like+ise, do'&en!ed vas! 'riinali!% in "inan'ial ins!i!&!ions) L
xliii
,
xliv
M ?egardless, no !op
"ig&re in lending ins!i!&!ions has *een 'riinall% prose'&!ed) L
xlv
M 7ven!&all%, in 20-3 A!!orne%
Ceneral 7ri' >older 'onsen!ed *e"ore !he $ena!e J&di'iar% (oi!!ee !ha! !here +as 'rii5
nali!% &nderl%ing !he 'risis, *&! in !es!ion% !ha! +as la!er re"erred !o as J!oo *ig !o "ail, !o *ig
!o ,ailJ, 'laied !ha! prose'&!ing *anking exe'&!ives +as no! possi*le) L
xlvi
,
xlvii
M As do'&en!ed
here in !he li!iga!ion o" Securities and !change "ommission v #an$ of America "or%oration
.and in o!her 'ases o&!lined in linked re"eren'es0 in !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, $o&!hern Dis!ri'! o"
9e+ Gork, li!iga!ion o" *anking5rela!ed a!!ers +as &nderined !hro&gh 'oll&sion in "ra&d on
!he 'o&r! *% ,&dge, 'lerk, and 'o&nsel "or *o!h par!ies, +hile edia "ailed !o ade3&a!el% repor!
on +ha! !ranspired in !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r! in 9e+ Gork)
=ig&re -24 $&ons as iss&ed *% !he (lerk o" !he (o&r! and as exe'&!ed in $7( v Bank o"
Aeri'a (orpora!ion .-40B5'v50AF2B0 in !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, $o&!hern Dis!ri'! o" 9e+ Gork)
The s&ons is &nsigned, and "ails !o sho+ !he seal o" !he 'o&r!) The s&ons +as also
never do'ke!ed, in disregard o" #$ la+, and !he #$ 'o&r! denied a''ess !o i!) I! +as even!&5
all% o*!ained !hro&gh a =reedo o" In"ora!ion re3&es! "ro $7() The 'ond&'! o" li!iga!ion
+i!h no valid s&ons, no valid in&!es, and +here !he 'o&r! denies a''ess !o !he a&!hen!i5
'a!ion re'ords .97=s 55 9o!i'es o" 7le'!roni' =iling0, as +ell as !he o&!'oe o" !he li!iga!ion,
poin! o&! !o !he 'ond&'! o" sha/si&la!ed li!iga!ion "ro !he s!ar!, !hro&gh 'oll&sion o" !he
,&dge, !he 'lerk, and a!!orne%s "or *o!h $7( and Bank o" Aeri'a (orpora!ion) In "a'!, "ro
!he s!ar! 55 a sho+ !rial)
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
17/57
SE$ v )"$ &1H=;-cv-=0N2;*9 an- the re%ate- case o3 SE$ v )"$ &1H1=-cv I==215*
7ere summe- as 3o%%o7s in the 8air 8un- "-ministrator 7e2siteH
/he 4nite- States Securities an- Exchange ,ommission &ASE,B* 3i%e-
en3orcement actions against +ank o3 "merica ,orporation &A+",B* a%%eging
that +", vio%ate- the 3e-era% prox regu%ations in the merger 2et7een +", an-
Ferri%% :nch Q ,o.9 .nc. &AFerri%%B* that c%ose- on 5anuar 19 2==;. "s part o3
a sett%ement o3 those actions approve- 2 the #onora2%e 5e- S. $ako33 o3 the
4nite- States 1istrict ,ourt 3or the Southern 1istrict o3 'e7 Oork on 8e2ruar
229 2=1=9 +", pai- approximate% U15= mi%%ion into a 8air 8un- that 7i%% 2e
-istri2ute- to investors injure- 2 the a%%ege- miscon-uct.
8o%%o7ing +",Ss merger 7ith Ferri%%9 the SE, 3i%e- t7o actions9 SE, v . +ank
o3 "merica ,orp.9 =;-cv -0N2; &5S$* &A+onuses "ctionB* an- SE, v . +ank o3
"merica ,orp.9 1=-cv -=21 5 &5S$* &AV6 :osses "ctionB* &co%%ective% 9 the
A"ctionsB*. .n the +onuses "ction9 initia%% 3i%e- on "ugust !9 2==;9 the SE,
charge- +", 7ith vio%ating Section 16&a* o3 the Securities Exchange "ct o3
1;!6 &AExchange "ctB* an- $u%es 16a-! an- 16a-; thereun-er 2ase- on +",Ss
3ai%ure to -isc%ose9 in prox materia%s so%iciting shareho%-er votes 3or approva%
o3 the merger9 its authorization 3or Ferri%% to pa ear-en- 2onuses o3 up to U5.N
2i%%ion to its emp%oees prior to the c%osing o3 the merger.
.n the V6 :osses "ction9 3i%e- on 5anuar 129 2=1=9 the SE, charge- +", 7ith
vio%ating Section 1 6&a* o3 the Exchange "ct an- $u%e 1 6a-; thereun-er 2ase-
on +",Ss 3ai%ure to -isc%ose9 prior to the 1ecem2er 59 2==N shareho%-er meeting
to approve the merger9 extraor-inar %osses that Ferri%% sustaine- in )cto2er an-
'ov em2er 2==N.
)n 8e2ruar 229 2=1=9 the 4nite- States 1istrict ,ourt 3or the Southern 1istrict
o3 'e7 Oork &the A,ourtB* entere- a 8ina% ,onsent 5u-gment9 pursuant to 7hich
+", 7as reGuire- to pa a civi% pena%t o3 U1 5=9===9=== an- -isgorgement o3
U1.
Information regarding 0"$E& and $23E$' in the S District $ourt, Southern
District of 4ew 5ork
/he p%at3orms o3 P",E$ an- ,F/E,8 in the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3
'e7 Oork9 are the same as previous% -escri2e- in other 4S -istrict courts. >? /he
e%ectronic authentication recor-s &'E8s I 'otices o3 E%ectronic 8i%ings* are exc%u-e-
3rom pu2%ic access in P",E$. /he 'E8s are to-a accessi2%e on% through ,F/E,89
on% 2 the courts an- 2 attornes9 7ho are authorize- 2 the courts in particu%ar
cases.
/he *ocal &ules o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 'e7 Oork9 as
-o7n%oa-e- 3rom the ,ourtSs 7e2site9 7ere revie7e-9 particu%ar% re%ative to the
3o%%o7ing mattersH >1!?
 )perations o3 P",E$ an- ,F/E,8 an- court proce-ures inherent in themP
 ,erti3ication o3 court recor-s un-er e%ectronic 3i%ingP
 .ssuance9 -ocketing9 execution o3 service o3 summons an- comp%aintP
 ,erti3ication o3 attornes as "ttornes o3 $ecor- upon appearance9 an-
 1e3inition o3 va%i- -igita% signatures un-er e%ectronic 3i%ing.
"s 7as the case in other 4S courts9 7hich 7ere revie7e-9 the *ocal &ules o3 the 4S
1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 'e7 Oork 3ai%e- to provi-e c%ear an-
unam2iguous -etai%s o3 e%ectronic 3i%ing an- e%ectronic court recor-s proce-ures in
genera%9 an- in particu%ar re%ative to the matters %iste- a2ove.
8urther in3ormation regar-ing the -esign an- operations o3 P",E$ an- ,F/E,8 7as
3oun- in the Electronic $ase 'iling &ules 6 Instructions an- the $2 3 E$' "ttorney
$ivil Dictionary o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 'e7 Oork. >16?
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
1N/57
#o7ever9 such sources are not va%i- o33icia% sources 3or esta2%ishing the va%i-it o3
court recor-s.
4sersS manua%s9 a%2eit not va%i- court recor-s9 provi-e- a--itiona% in3ormation
regar-ing the -esign an- operation o3 P",E$ an- ,F/E,8 in other 4S -istrict
courts9 7hich 7ere inspecte-. >15? #o7ever9 no access 7as 3oun- on%ine to the
4sersS Fanua% o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 'e7 Oork.
" tota% o3 1; procee-ings 7ere %iste- in the P",E$ -ocket &see the 3u%% P",E$
-ocket an- %inke- recor-s un-er the )n%ine "ppen-ix*. 8or t7o o3 the procee-ings9 no
-ocket entr 7as create- &see 2e%o7*. /hese t7o procee-ings shou%- 2e -eeme- Wo33
the recor-S. 8or the remaining 17 procee-ings inva%i- -ocket entries 7ere create- -
no minutes recor-s at a%% 7ere %inke- to the -ocket %istings9 no 1ocket 'um2ers 7ere
-esignate-9 an- no in3ormation regar-ing content o3 the procee-ings 7as provi-e- in
the -ocketing text. Foreover9 2ase- on the -esign o3 the 'E8s &see 2e%o7*9 it is
impossi2%e that such -ocket entries 7ere authenticate-9 an- there3ore9 7ere e33ective%
inva%i- -ocket entries9 7ith no correspon-ing va%i- court recor-s.
=ig&re -34 T+o en!ries "ro !he online PA(7? Do'ke! o" $7( v BA( .-40B5'v50AF2B0 in !he
#$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, $o&!hern Dis!ri'! o" 9e+ Gork) The Jan&ar% -2, 20-0 en!r% in'l&des a
Do'ke! 9&*er and a link !o an a'!&al re'ord) The Jan&ar% -B, 20-0 en!r% has no Do'ke!
9&*er designa!ed, and no link !o an% re'ord) There"ore, no 'o&r! re'ord exis!s "or !he la!!er
en!r%) <oreover, given !he design o" !he 97=s .9o!i'es o" 7le'!roni' =iling0, even had !he re5
spe'!ive re'ord exis!ed soe+here, i! 'o&ldnH! possi*l% have *een a&!hen!i'a!ed, and !here5
"ore, +o&ld have *een an invalid 'o&r! re'ord) There"ore, !he &l!iple en!ries in !he do'ke! o"
!his 'ase, +here no Do'ke! 9&*er and links are provided, sho&ld *e deeed "alse and de5
li*era!el% isleading do'ke! no!a!ions)
)3 such 17 minutes 7ith no recor-s9 10 7ere Wentere-S 2 an in-ivi-ua% i-enti3ie- as
WmroS. /he 3u%% name an- authorit o3 the person remain unkno7n. .n contrast9 out o3
a tota% o3 26 -ocket %istings o3 or-ers an- the ju-gment9 7here -ocket num2er 7as
-esignate-9 7here a recor- 7as %inke-9 an- 7here in3ormative -ocketing text 7as
provi-e-9 not a sing%e item 7as entere- 2 WmroS. /he 1ocketing 1epartment o3 the
,ourt con3irme- that -ocketing in the case 7as not per3orme- 2 1eput ,%erks9 2ut
re3use- to -isc%ose the names o3 the in-ivi-ua%s invo%ve-. >1N?
Entr o3 transactions in the P",E$ -ockets 2 unauthorize- court personne%9 7ho
7ere not 2oun- 2 )ath o3 )33ice9 7as -ocumente- in other 4S -istrict courts as
7e%%. +eon- un-ermining the integrit o3 the -ockets9 such practices -emonstrate the
%ack o3 securit an- va%i-it o3 P",E$ an- ,F/E,8 as a 7ho%e.
)vera%%9 no7here in the P",E$ -ocket is the authorit o3 the ,%erk o3 the ,ourt
invoke-9 neither is the name9 nor the authorit o3 an in-ivi-ua% as 1eput ,%erk to 2e
3oun-.
$ourt records in SE$ v )ank of "merica $orporation >
x%viii
?
"ugust 7, /889 : Summons issued
/he P",E$ -ocket states that on "ugust !9 2==;9 summons 7as issue- as to +",.
#o7ever9 a2sent a 1ocket 'um2er9 the text cannot possi2% 2e -eeme- a va%i- -ocket
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
1;/57
entr. "--itiona%%9 no %ink 7as provi-e- in the P",E$ -ocket to the summons
recor- itse%3. /here3ore9 no e%ectronic authentication cou%- have 2een issue- through
an 'E8 un-er such circumstances on the summons.
/he summonses o3 the courts are pu2%ic recor-s 2 %a7. /here3ore9 access to the
summons as issue- 7as repeate-% reGueste- 3rom the o33ice o3 the ,%erk o3 the ,ourt.
"ccess 7as -enie-.
Eventua%%9 a cop o3 the summons9 as issue- 2 the ,%erk o3 the ,ourt9 7as o2taine-
through 8ree-om o3 .n3ormation "ct &8)."* response 3rom SE,. /he summons as
issue- 2 the ,%erk 7as -iscovere- to 2e unsigne-. /here3ore9 the summons 7as in
3act inva%i-. >1;?
/he inva%i-it o3 the summons un-ermines the va%i-it o3 the %itigation as a 7ho%e.
#o7ever9 the inva%i-it o3 the summons in this case cou%- not 2e -iscerne- in
P",E$9 the pu2%ic access sstem.
Service of 0rocess
'o7here in the -ocket o3 the case is there an in-ication that service o3 the summons
7as in 3act execute-9 a%ternative%9 that service 7as 7aive-. .n 8)." response9 the
unsigne- summons recor- 7as provi-e- as the recor- o3 2oth the summons as issue-
an- the summons as execute-. &'igure 9* 'ee-%ess to sa9 execution o3 service o3
unsigne-9 inva%i- summons is inva%i- execution. Foreover9 no recor- o3 the execution
o3 service 7as provi-e-.
"ugust 7, /889 % 2otion for entry of Settlement "greement
"%though me-ia reporte- 3rom the onset o3 the %itigation that a propose- Sett%ement
"greement 3or U!! mi%%ions 7as 3i%e- on "ugust !9 2==;9 a%though severa% -ocket
recor-s %ater re3erre- to the pen-ing Sett%ement "greement9 an- a%though on
Septem2er 269 2==;9 )r-er 7as entere- in the -ocket9 purporte-% rejecting the then
pen-ing 2e3ore the ,ourt propose- Sett%ement "greement9 no Fotion 3or entr o3 the
propose- Sett%ement "greement an- no propose- Sett%ement "greement 7ere 3oun-
in the -ocket.
/he 3ai%ure to 3i%e a Fotion 3or Entr o3 the Sett%ement "greement9 an- conseGuent
con-uct o3 motion 7ith no 3oun-ation recor-s support the opinion that the %itigation as
a 7ho%e 7as con-ucte- as an inva%i- %itigation.
"ugust ;8, /889 : <off the record= proceeding
/here is no -ocket %isting at a%% 3or the "ugust 1=9 2==; procee-ing. #o7ever9
evi-ence o3 its con-uct is provi-e- in the P",E$ -ocket entries X159109 an- 17.
/he con-uct o3 Wo33 the recor-S court procee-ing a%so supports the opinion that the
%itigation as a 7ho%e 7as con-ucte- as an inva%i- %itigation.
"ugust />, /889 % -rder pertaining to review of proposed Settlement "greement
/he "ugust 259 2==; )r-er &1kt X1!* statesH
/his ,ourt has the o2%igation9 7ithin care3u%% prescri2e- %imits9 to -etermine
7hether the propose- ,onsent 5u-gment sett%ing this case is 3air9 reasona2%e9
a-eGuate9 an- in the pu2%ic interest.
/he ru%ing on a matter that 7as never pen-ing 2e3ore the ,ourt supports the opinion
o3 con-uct o3 an inva%i- %itigation.
'ebruary //, /8;8, 'inal $onsent ?udgment
)n 8e2ruar 229 2=1=9 the 8ina% ,onsent 5u-gment &1kt X;7* 7as 3i%e- 2 5u-ge 5e-
$ako33.
/he -ocketing text o3 the 8ina% ,onsent 5u-gment statesH
8.'": ,)'SE'/ 541(FE'/ "S /) 1E8E'1"'/ +"'< )8 "FE$.,"
,)$P)$"/.)' X 1=9=2;7 in 3avor o3 Securities an- Exchange ,ommission
against +ank o3 "merica ,orporation in the amount o3 U 15=9===9==1.==.
&Signe- 2 5u-ge 5e- S. $ako33 on 2/26/2=1=* &"ttachmentsH X 1 'otice o3
$ight to "ppea%* &-t* &Entere-H =2/26/2=1=* >sic Ijz?
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
2=/57
"ccess 7as repeate-% reGueste- to the 'E8 o3 the 8ina% ,onsent 5u-gment9 a2sent
7hich9 the recor- cannot 2e -eeme- a va%i- court recor-. "ccess continues to 2e
-enie-.
-ther 0"$E& &ecords
1etai%e- revie7 o3 the other P",E$ recor-s is provi-e- in the )n%ine "ppen-ix. #ere
on% high%ights are provi-e-H
"ugust 7, /889 % $ivil $over Sheet
"%though recor-s o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 'e7 Oork9 state that a
,ivi% ,over Sheet is reGuire- 7hen 3i%ing a comp%aint9 no ,ivi% ,over Sheet 7as
3oun- in the -ocket o3 the case at han-. .n contrast9 ,ivi% ,over Sheets are routine%
3oun- -ockete- in P",E$ 7ith the comp%aints in other cases. "s 3urther note- in the
&ules of $ourt9 the ,ivi% ,over Sheet must 2e part o3 Service o3 Process9 together
7ith the summons an- comp%aint.
/he 3ai%ure to 3i%e an- -ocket a ,ivi% ,over Sheet is o3 particu%ar signi3icance9 since it
is one o3 the on% recor-s9 7here a han- signature o3 a 1eput ,%erk o3 the ,ourt9
i-enti3ie- 2 name an- authorit9 is reGuire-.
'reedom of Information "ct ,'-I") and 'air 'und "dministrator &esponses
Dhi%e the ,%erk o3 the ,ourt re3use- to provi-e access to the missing court recor-s in
this case9 7hich are pu2%ic recor-s 2 %a79 %imite-9 2ut signi3icant access 7as gaine-
to recor-s 3rom other sources.
/he 8)." response ie%-e- a cop o3 a recor- that 7as -escri2e- as Asummons9 as
issue- 2 c%erkB an- Asummons9 as execute-B. #o7ever9 the recor- pro-uce- in the
8)." response is an unsigne- summons 7ith no sea% o3 the ,ourt. /here3ore9 it cou%-
not possi2% 2e -eeme- a va%i- summons.
/he 8air 8un- "-ministrator provi-e- a cop o3 one 'E8 on%. /he same o33ice
re3use- to provi-e the 'E8s o3 other recor-s9 most nota2% the 'E8 o3 the 8ina%
,onsent 5u-gment &1kt X;7*. 'o exp%anation at a%% 7as provi-e- 2 the 8air 8un-
"-ministrator 3or the re3usa% to provi-e copies o3 the a--itiona% 'E8s.
$ircumstances Surrounding the *itigation of SE$ v )"$
/he 'e7 Oork /imes reporte- the ne7s regar-ing the 8ina% ,onsent 5u-gment in this
case as 3o%%o7sH >2=?
.n a ru%ing that 3ree- +ank o3 "merica 3rom some %ega% pro2%ems9 a 3e-era%
ju-ge 7rote on Fon-a that he ha- re%uctant% approve- a U15= mi%%ion
sett%ement 7ith the Securities an- Exchange ,ommissionR A/his court9 7hi%e
shaking its hea-9 grants the S.E.,.Ss motion an- approves the propose- consent
ju-gment9B the ju-ge 7rote.
.n-epen-ent investigation o3 events surroun-ing the +",-Ferri%% :nch merger 2
State o3 'e7 Oork "ttorne (enera% "n-re7 ,uomo 7as summe- up in his "pri% 2!9
2==; %etter to the 4S ,ongress. >21? "na%stsS reporte- 3o%%o7ing re%ease o3 the %etter
an- its attachments un-er hea-%ines such as W:et the ,rimina% .n-ictments +eginH
Pau%son9 +ernanke9 :e7isS9 W+igger /han DatergateYS9 an- W,uomo 4nvei%s Pau%son9
+ernanke9 :e7is ,onspiracS. #o7ever9 in contrast 7ith such ana%stsS opinions9
none o3 the perpetrators su33ere- an materia% conseGuences so 3ar.
5u-ge 5e- $ako339 7ho presi-e- in the case9 is consi-ere- one o3 the most experience-
an- nota2%e among 4S ju-ges in matters pertaining to securities9 7hite-co%%ar crime9
an- racketeering.
$egar-ing 5u-ge 5e- $ako33Ss con-uct in the case at han-9 the @all Street ?ournal
*aw )log sai-H >22?
$ako33Ss current% proving himse%3 to 2e9 i3 nothing e%se9 una3rai- to sing%e-
han-e-% take on some heav7eight institutions an- their %a7ers.
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
21/57
'umerous attornes appeare- in the case9 2oth 3or P%ainti33 SE,9 a government entit9
an- 3or 1e3en-ant +",. )ver 2= 'otices o3 "ppearance appear in the P",E$ -ocket
o3 the case.
.n a Septem2er 229 2==; report9 the Dashington Post Guotes o33icia% statement 2
SE,H
E>D?e 7i%% vigorous% pursue our charges against +ank o3 "merica an- take
steps to prove our case in court9E the SE, sai- in a statement. EDe 7i%% use the
a--itiona% -iscover avai%a2%e in the %itigation to 3urther pursue the 3acts an-
-etermine 7hether to seek the court@s permission to 2ring a--itiona% charges in
this case.E
.t is a%%ege- that it is practica%% impossi2%e that the prominent attornes9 7ho
appeare- in the case 3or 2oth SE, an- +", attornes 7ere una7are o3 the inva%i-
nature o3 the %itigation.
/he %itigation o3 the case 7as extensive% covere- 2 major 4S me-ia out%ets9 an-
a%so 2 internationa% me-ia. " tota% o3 ten &1=* reports o3 the %itigation 7ere 3oun- in
the 'e7 Oork /imes9 eight &N* reports in the Dashington Post9 an- -ozens o3 reports
in the Da%% Street 5ourna%. :ike7ise9 3ourteen &16* reports 7ere 3oun- on the matter in
the /imes o3 :on-on. #o7ever9 there is no reason to assume that an me-ia9 7hich
reporte- on the %itigation ever gaine- access to recor-s in the case 2eon- those
accessi2%e in the P",E$ -ocket9 as -escri2e- a2ove. /here is a%so no evi-ence o3
e33orts 2 me-ia to gain access to the missing critica% court recor-s9 7here pu2%ic
access 7as -enie-. .t is -i33icu%t to 2e%ieve that experience- %ega% reporters o3 major
me-ia out%ets never notice- the 3ata% -e3ects in the recor-s an- con-uct o3 the
%itigation.
-verall $onduct of the *itigation
/he con-uct o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt in this matter shou%- 2e revie7e- in the context
o3 the con-uct o3 civi% %itigation as stipu%ate- in the 'ederal &ules of $ivil 0rocedure9
an- as out%ine- in the $ivil *itigation 2anagement 2anual, Second Edition &2=1=* 2
the 5u-icia% ,on3erence o3 the 4nite- States. >2!? 4pon such revie79 a reasona2%e
person 7ou%- most %ike% conc%u-e that the %itigation as a 7ho%e 7as ever -eeme- 2
the 4S ,ourt itse%3 as va%i- %itigation9 con-ucte- pursuant to the %a7 o3 the 4nite-
States.
/he outcome o3 the %itigation shou%- a%so 2e vie7e- 3rom the 3un-amenta% 3airness
perspectiveH .n-ivi-ua%s9 7ho 7ere 2anking executives9 un%a73u%% took 2onuses in
the sum o3 U5.N 2i%%ions 3rom shareho%-ers. /he outcome o3 the %itigation 7as that
compensation in the sum o3 U15= mi%%ions 7as pai- 2 the shareho%-ers to themse%ves9
no 3un-s 7ere returne- 2 an executives 7ho receive- the un%a73u% 2onuses9 an- no
in-ivi-ua% 7as he%- accounta2%e 3or the un%a73u% con-uct.
/he "ugust 259 2==; )r-er &1kt X1!* statesH
/his ,ourt has the o2%igation9 7ithin care3u%% prescri2e- %imits9 to -etermine
7hether the propose- ,onsent 5u-gment sett%ing this case is 3air9 reasona2%e9
a-eGuate9an- in the pu2%ic interest.
/he ru%ing on a matter that 7as never pen-ing 2e3ore the ,ourt supports the opinion
o3 con-uct o3 an inva%i- %itigation.
)n 8e2ruar 229 2=1=9 the 8ina% ,onsent 5u-gment &1ktX;7* 7as 3i%e- 2 5u-ge 5e-
$ako33. /he -ocketing text o3 the 8ina% ,onsent 5u-gment statesH
8.'": ,)'SE'/ 541(FE'/ "S /) 1E8E'1"'/ +"'< )8
"FE$.," ,)$P)$"/.)' X 1=9=2;7 in 3avor o3 Securities an- Exchange
,ommission against +ank o3 "merica ,orporation in the amount o3
U15=9===9==1.==. &Signe- 2 5u-ge 5e- S. $ako33 on 2/26/2=1=* &"ttachmentsH
X 1 'otice o3 $ight to "ppea%*&-t* &Entere-H =2/26/2=1=* >sic Ijz?
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
22/57
"ccess 7as repeate-% reGueste- to the 'E8 o3 the 8ina% ,onsent 5u-gment9 a2sent
7hich9 the recor- cannot 2e -eeme- a va%i- court recor-. "ccess continues to 2e
-enie-.
Dhi%e the ,%erk o3 the ,ourt re3use- to provi-e access to the missing court recor-s in
this case9 7hich are pu2%ic recor-s 2 %a79 %imite-9 2ut signi3icant access 7as gaine-
to recor-s 3rom other sources. /he 8)." response ie%-e- a cop o3 a recor- that 7as
-escri2e- as Asummons9 as issue- 2 c%erkB an- Asummons9 as execute-B. #o7ever9
the recor- pro-uce- in the 8)." response is an unsigne- summons 7ith no sea% o3 the
,ourt. /here3ore9 it cou%- not possi2% 2e -eeme- a va%i- summons.
/he 'e7 Oork /imes reporte- the ne7s regar-ing the 8ina% ,onsent 5u-gment in this
case as 3o%%o7sH
.n a ru%ing that 3ree- +ank o3 "merica 3rom some %ega% pro2%ems9 a 3e-era%
ju-ge 7rote on Fon-a that he ha- re%uctant% approve- a U15= mi%%ion
sett%ement 7ith the Securities an- Exchange ,ommissionR A/his court9 7hi%e
shaking its hea-9 grants the S.E.,.Ss motion an- approves the propose-
consent ju-gment9B the ju-ge 7rote.
.n-epen-ent investigation o3 events surroun-ing the +",-Ferri%% :nch merger 2
State o3 'e7 Oork "ttorne (enera% "n-re7 ,uomo 7as summe- up in his "pri% 2!9
2==; %etter to the 4S ,ongress.
"na%stsS reporte- 3o%%o7ing re%ease o3 the %etter an- its attachments un-er hea-%ines
such as W:et the ,rimina% .n-ictments +eginH Pau%son9 +ernanke9 :e7isS9 W+igger
/han DatergateYS9 an- W,uomo 4nvei%s Pau%son9 +ernanke9 :e7is ,onspiracS.
#o7ever9 in contrast 7ith such ana%stsS opinions9 none o3 the perpetrators su33ere-
an materia% conseGuences so 3ar.
5u-ge 5e- $ako339 7ho presi-e- in the case9 is consi-ere- one o3 the most experience-
an- nota2%e among 4S ju-ges in matters pertaining to securities9 7hite-co%%ar crime9
an- racketeering. $egar-ing 5u-ge 5e- $ako33Ss con-uct in the case at han-9 the Da%%
Street 5ourna% :a7 +%og sai-H
$ako33Ss current% proving himse%3 to 2e9 i3 nothing e%se9 una3rai- to sing%e-
han-e-% take on some heav 7eight institutions an- their %a7ers.
'umerous attornes appeare- in the case9 2oth 3or P%ainti33 SE,9 a government entit9
an- 3or 1e3en-ant +",. )ver 2= 'otices o3 "ppearance appear in the P",E$ -ocket
o3 the case.
.n a Septem2er 229 2==; report9 the Dashington Post Guotes o33icia% statement 2
SE,H
E>D?e 7i%% vigorous% pursue our charges against +ank o3 "merica an- take
steps to prove our case in court9Ethe SE, sai- in a statement. EDe 7i%% use the
a--itiona% -iscover avai%a2%e in the %itigation to 3urther pursue the 3acts an-
-etermine 7hether to seek the courtSs permission to 2ring a--itiona% charges in
this case.E
$ourt &ecords in *itigation of SE$ v )"$
/he primar source o3 recor-s 7as through pu2%ic access to P",E$ recor-s.
"--itiona%%9 e33orts 7ere ma-e to o2tain missing recor-s9 7here access in P",E$
7as not avai%a2%e9 through reGuests9 7hich 7ere 3or7ar-e- to the o33ice o3 the ,%erk
o3 the ,ourt9 attornes 3or SE, an- +", in the case9 o33ice o3 the ,hair o3 SE,9
o33ice o3 +", Presi-ent9 8ree-om o3 .n3ormation "ct &8)."* o33ice o3 SE,9 an- the
o33ice o3 8air 8un- "-ministrator.
0ublic "ccess to Electronic $ourt &ecords
"s 7as the case in a%% other 4S -istrict courts9 7hich 7ere inspecte-9 pu2%ic access to
the authentication recor-s &'E8s* o3 the ,ourt in P",E$ is -enie-. >10? 8urthermore9
at the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 'e7 Oork9 pu2%ic access to the
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
2!/57
,a%en-ars o3 the ,ourts is unreasona2% %imite-. "ccess is permitte- on% to the
current seven -as 7in-o79 an- access to the 1ocket "ctivit $eport is -enie- &see
2e%o7*.
"%though never state- in the &ules of $ourt o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Southern
1istrict o3 'e7 Oork9 the evi-ence sho7s that9 as is the case in other 4S courts9 the
'E8s 7ere in 3act -eeme- the authentication 2 the ,%erk o3 the ,ourt. 'o other
3orms o3 authentication recor-s9 pertaining to ju-icia% recor-s &minutes9 or-ers9
ju-gment* 7ere 3oun- in the P",E$ -ocket. /he 'E8 o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9
Southern 1istrict o3 'e7 Oork9 as to 3orm9 7as i-entica% to the 'E89 as -iscovere- in
other 4S courts. /he 'E8 3orm9 in an- o3 itse%39 shou%- 2e consi-ere- inva%i- as a
certi3icate. .t inc%u-es no certi3ication statement9 A. certi3RB9 it never invokes the
authorit o3 the ,%erk o3 the ,ourt9 it never names the person9 7ho issue- it9 an- it
inc%u-es neither a graphic han--signature9 nor a va%i- -igita% signature o3 an
authorize- in-ivi-ua%9 a33ixe- as a sm2o% o3 intent to take responsi2i%it. .nstea-9 it
on% inc%u-es a machine generate-9 encrpte- checksum string.
"%though the 'ederal &ules of $ivil 0rocedure prescri2e the -ocketing o3 the
summons as issue- 2 the ,%erk o3 the ,ourt9 an- the minutes o3 the procee-ings9
these recor-s 7ere missing 3rom P",E$ -ocket o3 the case at han-.
0ublic "ccess to &ecords from -ther Sources
$eGuests 3or copies o3 the missing %itigation recor-s9 7hich 7ere 3or7ar-e- to the
o33ice o3 the ,%erk o3 the ,ourt9 to attornes 3or parties in the case9 to the o33ice o3
SE, ,hair9 an- to the o33ice o3 Presi-ent o3 +",9 7ere a%% -enie-.
Eventua%%9 on% one 'E8 7as o2taine- 3rom the o33ice o3 the 8air 8un-
"-ministrator. "ccess to the other 'E8s 7as -enie- 2 the same o33ice 7ith no
exp%anation at a%%.
/he summons9 as issue- 2 the ,%erk o3 the ,ourt9 7as eventua%% o2taine- in
response to a 8ree-om o3 .n3ormation "ct &8)."* reGuest. #o7ever9 the same o33ice
3ai%e- to pro-uce the missing recor-s o3 the 'E8s in this case.
0"$E& and $23E$', Information Systems of the S $ourts
/he case o3 SE, v +ank o3 "merica -ocuments the critica% e33ect o3 P",E$ an-
,F/E,89 the in3ormation sstems o3 the 4S courts re%ative to integrit o3 4S court
recor-s an- integrit o3 the 4S courts9 or %ack thereo3.
,on-itions that to-a prevai% in the 4S courts stan- in stark contrast 7ith the %a7s
enacte- 2 4S ,ongress9 Presi-entia% 1irectives9 $egu%ations9 an- app%ications9
7hich have 2een presuma2% imp%emente- 3or authentication an- va%i-ation o3 e-
government in the 4nite- States. >269 25?
1e3iciencies in the -esign an- operation o3 P",E$ an- ,F/E,8 7ere previous%
note- in reports9 7hich 7ere pu2%ishe- in a computer science an- in a %ega% journa%s.
>209 27? /he report in the 4ational *aw ?ournal -ocumente- the apparent
3a%si3ication o3 recor-s in another %an-mark case I the ha2eas corpus petition o3 a
(uantanamo -etainee in the 4S 1istrict ,ourt in Dashington 1,. Such con-uct
shou%- have 2een prevente-9 or shou%- have triggere- a%erts in an va%i- court
in3ormation sstem.
2issing $ourt &ecords : $ardinal Sign of ?udicial $orruption!
4nite- 'ations reports on AStrengthening 5u-icia% .ntegritB a-vocate the
imp%ementation o3 computerize- in3ormation sstems in the courts9 as a too% 3or
enhancement o3 transparenc an- integrit o3 the courts. >!19 !2?
#o7ever9 the same 4nite- 'ations reports %ist missing court recor-s as a car-ina% sign
o3 ju-icia% corruption. .n the case o3 P",E$ an- ,F/E,89 the imp%ementation o3
inva%i- in3ormation sstems in the courts9 ena2%es the con-uct o3 %itigation9 7here
critica% recor-s are permanent% missing9 as -emonstrate- in the current report.
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
26/57
)anking &egulation
,on-uct o3 the SE,9 +",9 an- the 4S 1istrict ,ourt in SE$ v )"$9 as -ocumente-
in the current report9 stan-s contrar to ongoing e33orts 2 the 4S ,ongress9 an-
repeate- statements 2 the 4S (overnment regar-ing e33orts to restore the integrit o3
+anking $egu%ation in the 4nite- States9 an- enhance the accounta2i%it o3 -irectors9
executives9 accountants9 an- attornes9 acting on 2eha%3 o3 corporations. .n the 7ake
o3 the Enron scan-a%9 the 4S ,ongress passe- the Sarbanes%-(ley "ct &2==2*. .n the
current 3inancia% crisis9 the 4S ,ongress passe- the 'raud Enforcement and &ecovery
"ct &2==;*. SE, an- other +anking $egu%ators routine% appear 2e3ore the 4S
,ongress an- provi-e testimonies9 7hich c%aim that integrit o3 +anking $egu%ation
in the 4nite- State has 2een restore-.
/he 4S (overnment 7as a%so pressure- 2 the internationa% communit9 7hich 7as
serious% harme- 2 the ongoing 3inancia% crisis9 to take corrective measures9
consistent 7ith the 4S (overnmentSs -uties an- o2%igations in internationa% treaties
an- accor-s.
.n that context9 the %itigation o3 SE$ v )"$ in the 4S ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 'e7
Oork9 revie7e- in the current report9 7as reporte- as the ha%%mark o3 en3orcement o3
+anking $egu%ation in the ongoing 3inancia% crisis.
.n contrast9 revie7 o3 the case at han- -ocuments %itigation o3 SE$ v )"$ as mere% a
pretense. .t a%so -ocuments the tight %ink 2et7een integrit in the 4S courts9 or %ack
thereo39 an- the 3ai%ure o3 4S +anking $egu%ation. /he case as a 7ho%e can 2e
vie7e- as a Asho7 tria%B9 inten-e- to 3a%se% represent the perception o3 e33ective
+anking $egu%ation an- en3orcement o3 the %a7.
d) *og !abin +epublicans v %S' et al


=ig&re -44 In Iog (a*in ?ep&*li'ans v #$A e! al, J&dge Kirginia Phillips, #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!,
(en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia, 'ond&'!ed "or an% on!hs "ra&d on !he 'o&r! in a a!!er !ha!
o''&pied !he #$ Presiden!, !he #$ (ongress, !he #$ Ared =or'es, and !he #$ p&*li', and
+hi'h +as !he 'en!er o" edia a!!en!ion)
/he P",E$ -ocket an- recor-s 5:7 o3 the case ma-e it evi-ent a%% a%ong that the case
in the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia un-er 5u-ge Lirginia Phi%%ips
an- ,%erk /err 'a3isi9 amounte- to 8rau- on the ,ourtH
• 4S 5u-ges (eorge Schiave%%i an- Lirginia Phi%%ips appeare- as Presi-ing 5u-ges in
the case9 2oth 7ith no "ssignment )r-ers. "2sent "ssignment )r-er in a speci3ic
case9 a 4S ju-ge has no authorit to a-ju-icate in the matter.
• .n 2==6 5u-ge Schiave%%i issue- a ju-gment in the case9 in 3avor o3 the 4nite-
States. /he ju-gment 7as %iste- in the P",E$ -ocket as Aentere-B9 an- 7as %iste-
in the 5u-gment .n-ex o3 the ,ourt.
• ,onseGuent%9 the case 7as -eeme- Ac%ose-B 2 court sta33. #o7ever9 access to the
certi3ication o3 the2==6 ju-gment is -enie-.
• /he 2==6 5u-ge Schiave%%i A5u-gmentB 7as never overturne- through an appea%9 or
an other ju-icia% procee-ing.
• .n 2=1= 5u-ge Phi%%ips appeare- in the case an- issue- the opposing ju-gment9 in
3avor o3 the :og ,a2in $epu2%icans. /he 2=1= ju-gment 7as again %iste- in the
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
25/57
-ocket as Aentere-B9 2ut 7as not %iste- in the 5u-gment .n-ex o3 the ,ourt. "ccess
to the certi3ication o3 the 2==6 ju-gment is -enie- as 7e%%.
,%erk o3 the 1istrict ,ourt /E$$O '"8.S. ha- previous% -enie- access to these
recor-s9 in patent -isregar- o3 8irst "men-ment an- ,ommon :a7 rights to access
court recor-s.
8ree-om o3 .n3ormation response 2 the 4S 1epartment o3 5ustice 7as su2stan-ar-9
et it provi-e- the -e3initive evi-ence o3 the con-uct o3 simu%ate- %itigation in the 4S
1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 ,a%i3orniaH517 5-7
• " simu%ate- summons recor-9 missing the sea% o3 the court9 reGuire- 2 4S
%a7. 5;7
• " simu%ate-9 inva%i- authentication recor- &'E8* 3or the )cto2er 2=1= 5u-gment
2 5u-ge L.$(.'." P#.::.PS9 missing the E%ectronic 1ocument Stamp9
reGuire- 2 the (enera% )r-er =N-=2 o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3
,a%i3ornia. 597
/he 8)." response 7as a%so nota2%e in the recor- that it 3ai%e- to provi-eH
• "ssignment )r-er 3or 5u-ge (eorge ,hiave%%i
• "ssignment )r-er 3or 5u-ge Lirginia Phi%%ips
• "uthentication recor-s &'E8s* 3or various Finutes an- )r-ers 2 either 5u-ges.
Such 8rau- on the 4S ,ourts 3rom coast to coast has 2een tpica%% reserve- 3or
cases9 7here the civi% rights o3 in-ivi-ua%s are a2use- to 2ene3it 2anks9 %arge
corporations9 an- corrupt government o33icia%s. "pparent%9 :og ,a2in $epu2%icans
got 7ea%th an- in3%uentia% enough to purchase 8rau- on the ,ourt through the
services o3 a %arge 2anking %a7 3irm - ,ase Q Dhite9 ::P. /he case o3 :og ,a2in
$epu2%icans is the 3irst to -ocument 8rau- on the ,ourt 3or the protection o3 civi%
rights...
5u-ge L.$(.'." P#.::.PS is one o3 a series o3 ,a%i3ornia an- 4S ju-ges9 7ho
re3use- to ans7er on reGuests to -isc%ose 3inancia% 2ene3its to them9 i3 an9 2 +"'<
)8 "FE$.,"9 7hi%e continuing to engage in 8rau- on the ,ourt in cases invo%ving
+"'< )8 "FE$.,". 507
8rau- on the ,ourts is tpica%% reserve- 3or cases9 7here the civi% rights o3
in-ivi-ua%s are a2use- to 2ene3it 2anks9 %arge corporations9 an- corrupt government
o33icia%s. /he case o3 :og ,a2in $epu2%icans is the 3irst to -ocument the same 3or the
protection o3 civi% rights.
II9N$4
L-M --5025-2 ?7 5 ?epl% in ?e 5 =OIA ?esponse on Iog (a*in ?ep&*li'ans v #$A e! al .24045'v50F42@0
in !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia s
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/F4F042A4/
L2M J$i&la!ed li!iga!ionJ, Jsi&la!ed de'isionsJ, Jsi&la!ed servi'eJ here re"er !o 'ond&'! de"ined in !he
Texas (riinal (ode as "ollo+s4
Texas Penal (ode O32)4F) $I<#IATI9C I7CAI P?O(7$$)
.a0 A person 'oi!s an o""ense i" !he person re'klessl% 'a&ses !o *e delivered !o
ano!her an% do'&en! !ha! si&la!es a s&ons, 'oplain!, ,&dgen!, or o!her 'o&r!
pro'ess +i!h !he in!en! !o4
.-0 ind&'e pa%en! o" a 'lai "ro ano!her person1 or
.20 'a&se ano!her !o4
.A0 s&*i! !o !he p&!a!ive a&!hori!% o" !he do'&en!1 or
.B0 !ake an% a'!ion or re"rain "ro !aking an% a'!ion in response !o !he do'&en!,
in 'oplian'e +i!h !he do'&en!, or on !he *asis o" !he do'&en!)
.*0 Proo" !ha! !he do'&en! +as ailed !o an% person +i!h !he in!en! !ha! i! *e "or+arded
!o !he in!ended re'ipien! is a s&""i'ien! sho+ing !ha! !he do'&en! +as delivered)
The pra'!i'e is +idespread in *o!h !he s!a!e and #$ 'o&r!s a! all levels)
L3M #$ la+, 2F #$( -AB- re3&ires4
All +ri!s and pro'ess iss&ing "ro a 'o&r! o" !he #ni!ed $!a!es shall *e &nder !he seal o" !he 'o&r! and
signed *% !he
'lerk !hereo")
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
20/57
L4M 0F502500 #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r! (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia4 Ceneral Order 0F502, A&!hori;ing (</7(=,
Digi!al A&!hen!i'a!ion and A!!es!a!ion in 97=s
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/27A3247-/9o!e4 The #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia i!sel"
'on'eded !ha! ,&di'ial re'ords, iss&ed +i!h invalid a&!hen!i'a!ion re'ords .97=s 5 9o!i'e o" 7le'roni'
=iling0 are invalid 'o&r! re'ords, +hi'h sho&ld *e reoved "ro !he do'ke!s4
-250350F The #$ (o&r!s 7ngage in Iarge5$'ale =ra&d on !he People
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/F4@3@0A4/
L@M --50250B Press ?elease4 PDonH! Ask, DonH! TellH !he #$ (o&r! o" Appeals, B!h (ir'&i! Insis!s on
(ond&'!ing a $i&la!ed Appeal "ro a $i&la!ed J&dgen! o" !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/4B0703-@/
LAM --50B52B P&*lished Opinion in Iog (a*in ?ep&*li'ans v #$A e! al in !he #$ (o&r! o" Appeals, B!h
(ir'&i! !he o&!'oe o" si&la!ed li!iga!ion
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/F47732BA /
L7M --5045-2 P?7$$ ?7I7A$74 Bri*ing o" $!a!e and #$ J&dges *% Bank o" Aeri'a <&s! *e a $erio&s
(on'ernQ
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/@2F4A@02/
LFM --50F50- Zernik, J4 =ra&d and 'orr&p!ion in !he #$ 'o&r!s is !igh!l% linked !o "ailing *anking reg&la!ion
and !he "inan'ial 'risis, -A!h World (riinolog% (ongress presen!a!ion
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/A-3@-@A2/
LBM -050F5-F Zernik, J4 Da!a <ining o" Online J&di'ial ?e'ords o" !he 9e!+orked #$ =ederal (o&r!s,
In!erna!ional Jo&rnal on $o'ial <edia4 <oni!oring, <eas&reen!, <ining, -4AB5F3 .20-00
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3F32F@F@/
L-0M --504523 >a*eas (orp&s in !he #ni!ed $!a!es 5 !he 'ase o" ?i'hard Isaa' =ine
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/2472B0F4/--50A522 P?7$$ ?7I7A$7 J&dge C&il"ord ?e"&ses !o Opines on
=ra&d in !he 7le'!roni' ?e'ord $%s!es o" !he #$ (o&r!s s
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/@F4FA47B/-0502524 >&inski v To+n o" Benning!on Keron! .035703A0 5
Alleged =ra&d *% J&s!i'e $o!oa%or s
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/273FA33-/-050@5-@ >&inski v ?&!land Polli'e Depar!en! e! al .-4BB5'v5
-A00 Alleged >ones! $ervi'es =ra&d a! !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r! 5 Keron!
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3-407-37/-05025-2 >&inski v ?&!land Poli'e Depar!en! e! al .-4BB5'v5
-A00a! !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, Keron!4 =alse <eo and Order5 served +i!h no 97= a! all5s
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3-30@3-2/--50A530 ?74 <'Carr% v Ceria!ri' =a'ili!ies o" (ape (od In' e! al
.-4-05'v5--3430 5 ?a'ke!eering !hro&gh $i&la!ed Ii!iga!ion in !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, <assa'h&se!!s
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/@B-24-AB/
L--M --50452@ Iin;er D, In Ci!o Opinion, T+o Kersions o" ?eali!% 5 Pro P&*li'a, April 2@, 20--
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/@B2-3AF@/-05-05-- Iin;er, D) 6In CIT<O Opinion, T+o Kersions o" ?eali!%,:
The 9a!ional Ia+ Jo&rnal, O'!o*er --, 20-0
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/@3B@422B/
L-2M -250-507 O''&p% !he (o&r!s E Jan&ar% 20, 20-2
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/774@72BB/
L-3M 02500500 <essinger, I $'o!!4 Order in The (o&r! 5 >is!or% o" (lerks o" #ni!ed $!a!es (o&r!s, =ederal
J&di'ial (en!er .20020
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/34F-B774/
L-4M --507504 Joseph Zernik,PhD, Biographi'al $ke!'h
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/4A42---3/

e) *og !abin +epublicans in the %S !ourt of 'ppeals, -th !ircuit
=ig&re -@4 Iog (a*in ?ep&*li'ans v #$A e! al, a landark 'ase o" na!ional signi"i'an'e, +as
s&*,e'!ed !o si&la!ed appeal pro'ed&res in !he B!h (ir'&i! (o&r! o" Appeals &nder J&dges
Willia (an*%, Jr, 7d+ard Ieav%, Ar!h&r I Alar'on, Diar&id = O8s'annlain, Barr% C
$ilveran,
/he 4S ,ourt o3 "ppea%s ho%-s juris-iction to con-uct appea%s on% 3rom va%i- an-
e33ectua%9 certi3ie- ju-gments9 not 3rom voi- ones9 an- the recor-s in the appea% cou%-
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
27/57
not possi2% 2e -eeme- va%i- %ega% recor-s o3 the 4S ,ourt o3 "ppea%s9 ;th ,ircuit9
eitherH
• " -ocket 7as opene- 3or the appea% 2 the 4S ,ourt o3 "ppea%s ,%erk F)::O ,
1DOE$ 3rom an uncerti3ie- ju-gment. /he ,%erk o3 the 4S ,ourt o3 "ppea%s
shou%- have re3use- to open a -ocket 3rom an uncerti3ie- ju-gment o3 the 4S
1istrict ,ourt.
• /he purporte- or-ers 2 the ,ircuit 5u-ges in the "ppea% are a%% unsigne- recor-s.
• /he ,ourt o3 "ppea%s9 ;th ,ircuit -enie- a reGuest 3or certi3ication o3 the -ocket o3
the "ppea%.
Dhi%e the appea% 7as purporte-% 2e3ore the ;th ,ircuit ,ourt9 1r Cernik 3i%e- a
motion to intervene9 provi-ing -etai%e- evi-ence o3 the 8rau- on the ,ourt in the
%itigation o3 the case. $egar-%ess9 the 4S ,ourt o3 "ppea%s continue- the %itigation o3
the simu%ate- appea% 3rom the simu%ate- 1istrict ,ourt ju-gment9 7hich 7as
conc%u-e- in a pu2%ishe- simu%ate- opinion. 517
e) !iti.ens %nited v /ederal Election !ommission in the %S $istrict !ourt, $!

=ig&re -A4 #$ (hie" J&dge ?o%'e () Ia*er!h, #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, Washing!on D() In !he
li!iga!ion o" a landark 'ase *% a (hie" J&dge !here is an invalid *eginning, an invalid end,
and an o"" !he re'ordH pro'eeding in *e!+een)
$iti+ens nited v 'ederal Election $ommission &8E,* &=N-2=5* is no -ou2t one o3 the
%an-mark -ecisions o3 the 4S Supreme ,ourt. A>1?ecision ho%-ing that corporations
an- unions can spen- un%imite- amounts o3 mone in e%ection campaignsR a
stunning examp%e o3 ju-icia% activismRB >>i?? #o7ever9 a va%i- an- e33ectua% cop o3
the 8e2ruar 229 2=1= 5u-gment o3 the 4S Supreme ,ourt in the case I a historic
-ocument I is et to 2e -iscovere-R >>ii?9>iii??
$evie7 o3 the %itigation recor-s o3 ,itizens 4nite- v 8E, &1H=7-cv-226=* in the 4S
1istrict ,ourt9 Dashington 1,9 7here the case originate-9 -emonstrates simu%ate- -
an inva%i- 2eginning9 an inva%i- en-9 an- an Wo33 the recor-S procee-ing in 2et7een.
>>iv??
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
2N/57
=ig&re -74 Invalid PA(7? $&ons o" (i!i;ens #ni!ed v =7( in !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, D() The
re'ord "ails !o sho+ !he $eal o" !he (o&r!)
Summons as execute- I /he recor- o3 the Summons as execute- on 8e-era% E%ection
,ommission &1kt X15* is an inva%i- recor-9 since it 3ai%s to sho7 the Sea% o3 ,ourt9 as
reGuire- 2 4S %a7. " repeat 8)." reGuest 7as 3i%e-9 in or-er to exc%u-e the
possi2i%it that the Sea% o3 the ,ourt 7as missing as a resu%t o3 photocoping or
scanning. >>v??
RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR
0-/-0/200F <in&!e 7n!r% Pro'eedings held *e"ore a Three J&dge Panel o" (ir'&i! J&dge A
?a%ond ?andolph and #ni!ed $!a!es Dis!ri'! J&dges ?o%'e () Ia*er!h and ?i'hard W)
?o*er!s 4 Preliinar% In,&n'!ion held on -/-0/200F) .(o&r! ?epor!er Wend% ?i'ard)0 .r,e0
.7n!ered4 0-/-0/200F0
RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR
=ig&re 24 Invalid PA(7? do'ke! no!a!ion o" <in&!es o" !he Jan&ar% -0, 200F pro'eeding
in (i!i;ens #ni!ed v =7() 9o do'ke! n&*er +as designa!ed, and no re'ord o" !he <in&!es
+as linked !o !he do'ke! no!a!ion)
Finutes I 'o va%i- recor- at a%% exists 3or the 5anuar 1=9 2==N procee-ing9 the on%
procee-ing %iste- in the recor- o3 the case. .nva%i- notation 7as create- in the -ocket9
7ith no recor- %inke- to it at a%%. E33ective%9 it 7as an Wo33 the recor-S procee-ing o3
the court.
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
2;/57

=ig&re -F4 Invalid, si&la!ed re'ord o" !he =e*r&ar% 22, 20-0 J&dgen! in (i!i;ens #ni!ed v
=ederal 7le'!ion (oission in !he #$ $&pree (o&r!, as i! appears in !he PA(7? do'ke! o"
!he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!)
4S Supreme ,ourt 5u-gment I /he 5u-gment recor-9 as it appears in the -ocket o3
the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 is unsigne-9 an- 3ai%s to inc%u-e authentication 2 the ,%erk o3
the 4S Supreme ,ourt.
RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR
J&dgen! Index ?epor!
#)$) Dis!ri'! (o&r! E E Dis!ri'! o" (ol&*ia
?epor! Period4 0-/0-/200@ E 0@/23/20--
$orr% E no da!a "or !he 'hosen sele'!ion 'ri!eria
J&dgen! Index ?epor! $ele'!ion (ri!eria
(ase n&*er -4075'v52240
RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR
=ig&re @4 The (i!i;ens #ni!ed v =7( en!r% in !he J&dgen! Index o" !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, D()
J&dgen! Index E 9o J&dgen! a! all is lis!ed in !he (o&r!Hs J&dgen! Index "or !he 'ase, and
!he 'oplain! is lis!ed as never !erina!ed in !he ?ela!ed Transa'!ions ?epor!)
/he practice o3 Simu%ate- :itigation is pro2a2% as o%- as the courts themse%ves. )ver
centuries9 recor- keeping o3 the courts9 the core o3 1ue Process9 evo%ve- to prevent it.
.mp%ementation o3 computerize- case management sstems in the state an- 4S courts9
7here the nature o3 signatures an- authentication 7as %e3t vague an- am2iguous9 is
c%aime- to 2e centra% to the 7i-esprea- practice o3 Simu%ate- :itigation. >>ix??
$eGuest 3or revie7 o3 the evi-ence o3 3rau- in the computerize- recor-s o3 the 4S
1istrict ,ourts an- ,ourts o3 "ppea%s &P",E$ an- ,F/E,8* 7as previous%
3or7ar-e- to #arvar- :a7 Pro3essor Oochai +enk%er9 an expert on computers an- the
%a7. >>x??
RRRRRRRR
II9N$4
LiM 050-52- (i!i;ens #ni!ed v =ederal 7le'!ion (oission -30 $)(!) F7A .20-00 a! !he $&pree (o&r! o"
!he #ni!ed $!a!es E opinion o" Pro" (heerinsk% and Wikipedia overvie+
htt/:001112s%rid2%!m0d!%0413340830
LiiM --50@5-7 P?7$$ ?7I7A$74 (i!i;ens #ni!ed v =ederal 7le'!ion (oission in !he #$ $&pree
(o&r! E so "ar onl% a si&la!ed J&dgen! re'ord has *een dis'overedD
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
!=/57
htt/:001112s%rid2%!m0d!%0443134010
LiiiM --50@523 ?74 (i!i;ens #ni!ed v =ederal 7le'!ions (oission, =7( =OIA 9o) 20--54A42nd
Zernik s ?epl% on =7( s 2nd =OIA ?esponse � �
htt/:001112s%rid2%!m0d!%0430488030
LivM --50@523 (i!i;ens #ni!ed v =ederal 7le'!ion (oission .-5075'v522400 in !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, D(
invalid 'o&r! re'ords in a $i&la!ed Ii!iga!ion �
htt/:001112s%rid2%!m0d!%0430801030
LvM --50@523 ?74 (i!i;ens #ni!ed v =ederal 7le'!ions (oission, =7( =OIA 9o) 20--54A42nd Zernik s �
?epl% on =7( s 2nd =OIA ?esponse s �
htt/:001112s%rid2%!m0d!%0430488030
LviM $i&la!ed Ii!iga!ion here re"ers !o 'ases, +here !he eviden'e sho+s 'ond&'! de"ined in !he Texas
(riinal (ode as "ollo+s4
Texas Penal (ode E $e'!ion 32)4F) $i&la!ing Iegal Pro'ess
32)4F) $I<#IATI9C I7CAI P?O(7$$) �
.a0 A person 'oi!s
an o""ense i" !he person re'klessl% 'a&ses !o *e delivered !o
ano!her an% do'&en! !ha! si&la!es a s&ons, 'oplain!, ,&dgen!,
or o!her 'o&r! pro'ess +i!h !he in!en! !o4
.-0 ind&'e pa%en! o" a 'lai "ro ano!her person1 or
.20 'a&se ano!her !o4
.A0 s&*i! !o !he p&!a!ive a&!hori!% o" !he
do'&en!1 or
.B0 !ake an% a'!ion or re"rain "ro !aking an%
a'!ion in response !o !he do'&en!, in 'oplian'e +i!h !he
do'&en!, or on !he *asis o" !he do'&en!)
.*0 Proo" !ha! !he do'&en! +as ailed !o an% person +i!h
!he in!en! !ha! i! *e "or+arded !o !he in!ended re'ipien! is a
s&""i'ien! sho+ing !ha! !he do'&en! +as delivered)
The pra'!i'e is +idespread in *o!h !he s!a!e and #$ 'o&r!s a! all levels)
LviiM --50250B Press ?elease4 PDonH! Ask, DonH! TellH !he #$ (o&r! o" Appeals, B!h (ir'&i!, Insis!s on
(ond&'!ing a Pre!ense Appeal "ro a Pre!ense J&dgen! o" !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!
htt/:001112s%rid2%!m0d!%0450603140
LviiiM Zernik, Joseph4 $e'&ri!ies and 7x'hange (oission v Bank o" Aeri'a (orpora!ion E
$i&la!ed Ii!iga!ion and $i&la!ed Banking ?eg&la!ion in !he #ni!ed $!a!es
htt/:001112s%rid2%!m0d!%0443332320
LixM Zernik, J4 Da!a <ining o" Online J&di'ial ?e'ords o" !he 9e!+orked #$ =ederal (o&r!s, In!erna!ional
Jo&rnal on $o'ial <edia4 <oni!oring, <eas&reen!, <ining, -4AB5F3 .20-00
htt/:001112s%rid2%!m0d!%0383284840
LxM --5045-4 P?7$$ ?7I7A$74 >arvard Ia+ Pro"essor Go'hai Benkler has *een asked !o revie+
!he eviden'e o" large5s'ale 'op&!er "ra&d in !he #$ 'o&r!s
htt/:001112s%rid2%!m0d!%0425535380
LxiM --50@50F Joseph Zernik,PhD, Biographi'al $ke!'h
htt/:001112s%rid2%!m0d!%0434211130
LxiiM -05045-B >&an ?igh!s Aler! .9C00 s&*ission !o !he #ni!ed 9a!ions >&an ?igh!s (o&n'il "or
!he 20-0 ?evie+ .#P?0 o" >&an ?igh!s in !he #ni!ed $!a!es as in'orpora!ed in!o !he #P? s!a"" repor!,
+i!h re"eren'e !o 6'orr&p!ion o" !he 'o&r!s and !he legal pro"ession:)
htt/:001112s%rid2%!m0d!%0384338360
f) !iti.ens %nited v /ederal Election !ommission in the %S Supreme !ourt

=ig&re -B4 (i!i;ens #ni!ed is arg&a*l% !he os! signi"i'an! de'ision o" !he $&pree (o&r! in
re'en! de'ades) The $&pree (o&r!8s =e*r&ar% 22, 20-0 J&dgen! re'ords in !his 'ase is
issing) #9 repor! 'onsider issing 'o&r! re'ords a 'ardinal sign o" ,&di'ial 'orr&p!ion)
$iti+ens nited v 'ederal Election $ommission ,'E$) &=N-2=5* is no -ou2t one o3 the
%an-mark -ecisions o3 the 4S Supreme ,ourt. .t 7as reporte- to have accor-e-
corporations 8irst "men-ment rights9 A-ecision ho%-ing that corporations an- unions
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
!1/57
can spen- un%imite- amounts o3 mone in e%ection campaignsR a stunning examp%e
o3 ju-icia% activismRB >i?
the 4S Supreme ,ourt -ocket notes that on 8e2ruar 229 2=1= ju-gment 7as Eissue-E
&2ut not Eentere-E*.
=ig&re 204 7x'erp!s "ro !he online do'ke! o" !he #$ $&pree (o&r! in "iti&ens United v
Federal lection "ommission
#o7ever9 a va%i- an- e33ectua% cop o3 the 8e2ruar 229 2=1= 5u-gment in the case - a
historic -ocument - is et to 2e -iscovere-... 'o such recor- 7as -iscovere- among
the e%ectronic recor-s o3 the 4S Supreme ,ourt.
/here3ore9 8ree-om o3 .n3ormation reGuests 7ere 3i%e- on the 8e-era% E%ection
,ommission9 on the ,ivi% 1ivision o3 the 4S 1epartment o3 5ustice an- on the 4S
So%icitor (enera%9 reGuesting 3rom each a cop o3 the 8e2ruar 229 2=1= 5u-gment
an- its authentication recor-s9 as serve- on them 2 the 4S Supreme ,ourt.
)n Fa ;9 2=11 8ree-om o3 .n3ormation "ct &8)."* response 7as receive- 3rom
8E, on reGuest 3or the 8e2ruar 229 2=1= 5u-gment an- the correspon-ing
authentication 2 the ,%erk o3 the 4S Supreme ,ourt. >ii?
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
!2/57
=ig&re 2-4 The re'ord !ha! +as provided *% =7( as !he =e*r&ar% 22, 20-0 J&dgen!
in "iti&ens United v Federal lection "ommission 'o*ined +i!h i!s a&!hen!i'a!ion *% !he
(lerk o" !he #$ $&pree (o&r!)
/he ju-gment recor-9 7hich 7as provi-e- in the 8)."-response 2 8E, cannot
possi2% 2e -eeme- a va%i- court recor-H
• .t is a recor- -ate- 5anuar 219 2=1=9 7hereas the on%ine -ocket note- the issuance
o3 a 5u-gment on 8e2ruar 229 2=1=.
• .t is a E5u-gmentE recor-9 7hich is not signe- 2 an justice o3 the Supreme ,ourt9
an- 7hich 2ears a stamp certi3ing that it is a A" true copB9 2ut not E/rue ,op o3
the )rigina%E9 the va%i- certi3ication statement.
• /he stamp itse%3 is signe-9 2ut not -ate-. Foreover9 the name an- authorit o3 the
person 7ho signe- the stamp &,nthia $app* 7ere not printe- 2e%o7 the signature
%ine. /here3ore9 the signature on the stamp9 certi3ing A" true copB is o3 -u2ious
va%i-it as 7e%%.
• ,ontrar to 7hat 7as state- in the 8)." response %etter >i?9 the recor-9 7hich 7as
provi-e-9 -i- not inc%u-e true an- va%i- attestation/authentication 2 the ,%erk o3
the Supreme ,ourt o3 the 4nite- States.
" %ega% -ictionar sasH
"4/#E'/.,"/.)' - "n attestation ma-e 2 a proper o33icer9 2 7hich he
certi3ies that a recor- is in -ue 3orm o3 %a79 an- that the person 7ho certi3ies it is
the o33icer appointe- 2 %a7 to -o soR + authentication is a%so un-erstoo-
7hatever act is -one either 2 the part or some other person 7ith a vie7 o3
causing an instrument to 2e kno7n an- i-enti3ie-.
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
!!/57
.t shou%- 2e o3 particu%ar concern that 8E,9 %ike other parties to the %itigation9 so 3ar
has not pro-uce- a cop o3 the 8e2ruar 229 2=1= 5u-gment as serve- on 8E, 2 the
,%erk o3 the Supreme ,ourt. .nstea-9 the recor-9 7hich 7as pro-uce-9 7as -erive-
3rom the P",E$ -ocket o3 the 4S ,ourt9 1istrict o3 ,o%um2ia. as -ocumente- in the
recor- hea-er. #o7ever9 to the -egree that the recor-9 7hich 7as provi-e-9 7as a
recor- 3i%e- an- entere- in the 4S ,ourt9 1istrict o3 ,o%um2ia9 it 7as missing the
'E8 &'otice o3 E%ectronic 8i%ing*9 7hich is -eeme- the va%i- authentication recor- 2
the 4S -istrict courts un-er e%ectronic 3i%ing. >iii?
/he on%ine recor-s o3 the Supreme ,ourt an- previous attempts to -iscover a va%i-
recor- o3 the 8e2ruar 229 2=1= 5u-gment support the notion that no va%i- recor- o3
the 8e2ruar 229 2=1= 5u-gment existsH
• /he on%ine -ocket o3 $iti+ens nited v 'ederal Election $ommission statesH 5iv7
• 8e2 229 2=1= 541(FE'/ .SS4E1.
• E.ssuingE o3 or-ers an- ju-gments9 7hich are neither certi3ie-9 nor entere-9 is a
common 3rau- in the %o7er courts. [v] /he 8e2ruar 229 2=1= 5u-gment 7as not
3oun- among the on%ine recor-s o3 the 4S Supreme ,ourt.
• /he on%ine recor-s o3 the 4S Supreme ,ourt [vi a%so sho7 that the 5ourna% 3or
5anuar 219 2=1=9 the -ate o3 the presume- -ecision9 is missing the tpica%
intro-uctor remark9 3oun- in man &2ut not a%%* -ates o3 seating o3 the court9
regar-ing certi3ication an- entr o3 the or-ers an- -ecisions.
8or examp%e9 on 5anuar 259 2=1=9 the imme-iate next seating o3 the ,ourt9 the
5ourna% sasH
/he ,hie3 5ustice sai-H
EDe have issue- or-ers to-a9 the have 2een -u% entere- an- certi3ie-9 an-
3i%e- 7ith the ,%erk.E >un-er%ine a--e- -jz?
• /he Farch 2;9 2=11 response 3rom )33ice o3 So%icitor (enera% on the 8)."
reGuest9 statesH
'either o3 these recor-s 7ere 3oun- in revie7 o3 recor-s maintaine- 2 the
)33ice o3 the So%icitor (enera% &)S(*.
• /he Farch 269 2=11 response 3rom the ,ivi% 1ivision o3 the 4S 1epartment o3
5ustice to 8)." reGuest statesH
/he ,ivi% 1ivision -oes not maintain recor-s re%ating to that case.
• $eGuest 7as a%so 3or7ar-e- to parties in the case9 3or a cop o3 the ju-gment9
7hich 7as suppose- to have 2een notice- an- serve-. )ne part respon-e- that
the 8e2ruar 229 2=1= 5u-gment 7as neither serve- nor notice-9 in apparent
vio%ation o3 1ue Process rights. 'o part respon-e- that a 8e2ruar 229 2=1=
5u-gment 7as either notice- or serve-.
• Previous attempts to -iscover va%i- an- e33ectua% ju-icia% recor-s in paper court
3i%es o3 the 4S Supreme ,ourt uni3orm% 3ai%e-. "ccess to the e%ectronic recor-s o3
the 4S Supreme ,ourt 7as an- is -enie-9 in apparent vio%ation o3 8irst "men-ment
an- 1ue Process rights.
.t shou%- 2e note- that reports o3 the 4nite- 'ations ,rime Prevention ,enter on
EStrengthening 5u-icia% .ntegritE %ist missing court recor-s as a car-ina% sign o3
ju-icia% corruption. 5vii7
Simu%ate- %itigation is -e3ine- in the .e(as 0enal $ode &T!2.6N* as 3o%%o7sH
" person commits an o33ense i3 the person reck%ess% causes to 2e -e%ivere- to
another an -ocument that simu%ates a summons9 comp%aint9 ju-gment9 or other
court processR
/he practice o3 Simu%ate- :itigation is the most common 3orm o3 corruption o3 ju-ges
an- c%erks in 2oth the state an- 4S courts to-a. .t is common in a%% %eve%s o3 the 4S
courts9 in 2oth o2scure an- high pro3i%e cases.
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
!6/57
/7o examp%es o3 recent cases o3 Simu%ate- :itigation9 7hich 7ere 7i-e% reporte- 2
me-ia as va%i- court actions areH
• *og $abin &epublicans v nited States of "merica et al &2H=6-cv-=N625* in the
4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia &4S 5u-ge Lirginia Phi%%ips*9 an-
its counterpart9 the appea% &1=-500!6* sti%% un-er7a in the 4S ,ourt o3 "ppea%s9
;
th
,ircuit. /he un-er%ing matter is the -ispute- 1onSt "sk 1onSt /e%% po%ic o3
the arme- 3orces. 5viii7
• Securities and E(change $ommission v )ank of "merica $orporation &1H=;-cv-
=0N2;* in the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 'e7 Oork &4S 5u-ge 5e-
$ako33*. /he un-er%ing matter is the un%a73u% taking o3 U5.N 2i%%ions in 2onuses
2 2anking executives -uring the Ferri%% :nch- +ank o3 "merica merger. 5i67
/he practice o3 Simu%ate- :itigation is pro2a2% as o%- as the courts themse%ves. )ver
centuries9 recor- keeping o3 the courts9 the core o3 1ue Process9 evo%ve- to prevent
it. .mp%ementation o3 computerize- case management sstems in the state an- 4S
courts9 7here the nature o3 signatures an- authentication 7as %e3t vague an-
am2iguous9 is c%aime- to 2e centra% to the 7i-esprea- practice o3 Simu%ate-
:itigation.
'ee-%ess to sa9 computer techno%og cou%- have ha- the opposite e33ect9 i3 correct%
imp%emente-.
.t shou%- 2e note- that the 1NN0 Supreme ,ourt -ecision9 7hich is the origin o3 the
notion o3 E,orporate Personhoo-E 7as a%so a vague an- am2iguous recor-. /he on%
re3erence in in Santa $lara $ounty v! Southern 0acific &ailroad, 11N 4.S. !;6 &1NN0*
to E,orporate Personhoo-E is in a hea-note a--e- 2 the court reporter9 2ut not in the
2o- o3 the -ecision itse%3.
$iti+ens nited v 'ederal Election $ommission presuma2% accor-e- corporations
8irst "men-ment rights. #o7ever9 the 8irst "men-ment right o3 the peop%e9 3or
access to va%i- an- e33ectua% recor-s o3 the Supreme ,ourt o3 the 4nite- States9 is
-enie-. "s a resu%t9 so 3ar9 there is no 7a to ascertain9 7hether in 3act a va%i- an-
e33ectua% 8e2ruar 229 2=1= 5u-gment in $iti+ens nited v 'ederal Election
$ommission 7as ever certi3ie- an- entere-.
/he 4S Supreme ,ourtSs case management sstem9 a ke to esta2%ishing the va%i-it9
or %ack thereo39 o3 various Supreme ,ourt recor-s9 remains un-er a vei% o3 secrec9 in
apparent vio%ation o3 8irst "men-ment an- 1ue Process rights. ,%aims o3 on%ine
pu2%ication o3 3a%se an- -e%i2erate% mis%ea-ing recor-s 2 the o33ice o3 the ,%erk o3
the 4S Supreme ,ourt 7ere part o3 the previous reGuest 3or impeachment o3 ,%erk
Di%%iam Suter. 56i7
,IN<&.
LiM 050-52- (i!i;ens #ni!ed v =ederal 7le'!ion (oission -30 $)(!) F7A .20-00 a! !he $&pree
(o&r! o" !he #ni!ed $!a!es 5 opinion o" Pro" (heerinsk% and Wikipedia overvie+
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/4-3A40F3/
LiiM --50@5-0 ?epl% on =7( ?esponse on =7( =reedo o" In"ora!ion A'! .=OIA0 ?e3&es!, 9o)
20--54A, in re4 =e*r&ar% 22, 20-0 J&dgen! in (i!i;ens #ni!ed v =ederal 7le'!ion (oission .0F5
F0@0 5s
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/@@0@32-F/
LiiiM ?egarding !he 97=s as a&!hen!i'a!ion re'ords o" !he #$ 'o&r!s &nder ele'!roni' "iling, see4
--50-507 Iog (a*in ?ep&*li'ans v #$A e! al .-05@AA340 a! !he #$ (o&r! o" Appeals, B!h (ir'&i! 5
<o!ion !o In!ervene and (on'oi!an!l% =iled Papers as p&*lished in !he online PA(7? do'ke!s
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/4A@-A034/
LivM --5035-A "iti&ens United v Federal lection "ommission .0F520@0 in !he $&pree (o&r! o" !he
#ni!ed $!a!es 5 ?evie+ and (opiled Online ?e'ords
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/@0B00FBF/
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
!5/57
LvM =or revie+ o" "alse iss&an'e o" invalid re'ords in !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r! and !he #$ (o&r! o"
Appeals .PA(7? and (</7(=0, see4
--50250B Press ?elease4 8Don8! Ask, Don8! Tell8 !he #$ (o&r! o" Appeals, B!h (ir'&i!, Insis!s on
(ond&'!ing a Pre!ense Appeal "ro a Pre!ense J&dgen! o" !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/4B0703-@/
--50-507 Log "a'in Re%u'licans v USA et al .-05@AA340 a! !he #$ (o&r! o" Appeals, B!h (ir'&i! 5
<o!ion !o In!ervene and (on'oi!an!l% =iled Papers as p&*lished in !he online PA(7? do'ke!s
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/4A@-A034/
=or revie+ o" "alse iss&an'e o" invalid re'ords in !he $&perior (o&r! o" (ali"ornia
.e"ourt and Sustain0, see4
--5045-7 P?7$$ ?7I7A$74 Lomas v #an$ of America .N(0@B37B0 E =ra&d !&rns in!o 7x!or!ion in
!he Ios Angeles $&perior (o&r!
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/@32-27-0/
0B504520 Pro" 7li%ah& $hair8s Opinion Ie!!er re4 $&s!ain 5 !he (ase <anageen! $%s!e o" !he
$&perior (o&r! o" (ali"ornia, (o&n!% o" Ios Angeles
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/4A0AB337/
LviM --5035-A "iti&ens United v Federal lection "ommission .0F520@0 in !he $&pree (o&r! o" !he
#ni!ed $!a!es 5 ?evie+ and (opiled Online ?e'ords
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/@0B00FBF/
LviiM 00504500 ?epor! o" !he =irs! Kienna (onven!ion 5 $!reng!hening J&di'ial In!egri!%, (I(P5A, #ni!ed
9a!ions Dr&g (on!rol and (rie Preven!ion (en!er .20000 .$ee p@5A0
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/@03A4404/
0-50350- $!reng!hening J&di'ial In!egri!% Agains! (orr&p!ion (I(P5-0, #ni!ed 9a!ions Dr&g (on!rol
and (rie Preven!ion (en!er .200-0 .see p@5A0
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/4F-03AB7/
LviiiM --50250B Press ?elease4 8Don8! Ask, Don8! Tell8 !he #$ (o&r! o" Appeals, B!h (ir'&i!, Insis!s on
(ond&'!ing a Pre!ense Appeal "ro a Pre!ense J&dgen! o" !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/4B0703-@/
LixM Zernik, Joseph4 $e'&ri!ies and 7x'hange (oission v Bank o" Aeri'a (orpora!ion 5 $i&la!ed
Ii!iga!ion and $i&la!ed Banking ?eg&la!ion in !he #ni!ed $!a!es
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/44AA3232/
LxM --5045-4 P?7$$ ?7I7A$74 >arvard Ia+ Pro"essor Go'hai Benkler has *een asked !o revie+
!he eviden'e o" large5s'ale 'op&!er "ra&d in !he #$ 'o&r!s
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/@2BB3BAF/
LxiM --50-52@ ?e3&es! "or Ipea'hen! o" #$ $&pree (o&r! (lerk WIIIIA< $#T7? s
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/47@3B3F2/
%. Res3onses #! National Authorities=E63erts
1. O))ice o) Attorne! General and the $& %e3artment o) 2ustice
.n no case9 7here %a7 en3orcement agencies 7ere in3orme- o3 the corruption an-
crimina%it 2 state or 4S ju-ges9 attornes9 an-/or 2anks9 7ere an corrective mea-
sures un-ertaken. >
x%ix
9
%
?
,omp%aints9 3i%e- 7ith the 4S "ttorne@s )33ice against attornes9 an- court sta33 7ere
never a--resse-. >
%i
?
$eGuest9 3i%e- 7ith the 4S "ttorne (enera%9 to a--ress the %arge-sca%e 3rau- in
P",E$ an- ,F/E,89 7as never a--resse-. >
%ii
?
/o 2e comp%ete-
-. $& Congress
/o 2e comp%ete- >
%iii
?
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
!0/57
$eGuests 3or .mpeachments9 -ocumenting corruption o3 4S ju-ges9 inc%u-ing 5u-ge
5e- $ako339 7ho 7as centra% to 3rau- in %itigation o3 3inancia% institutions9 resu%ting
3rom the 3inancia% crisis9 >
%iv
? 7ere never a--resse-.
;. he >udiciar!
.n no case9 7here a court 7as notice- o3 the simu%ate- nature o3 the procee-ings an-
the recor-s9 up to the Supreme ,ourt o3 the 4nite- States9 -i- a court cease such con-
-uct9 or correct its 3a%se e%ectronic pu2%ic recor-s.
Foreover9 the evi-ence sho7s that the 4S courts have e33ective% esta2%ishe- a po%ic
o3 -ening the right to 3i%e recor-s in court9 7hich -ocument state or 3e-era% ju-icia%
corruption. &see ".c) /irst 'mendment - the right to file papers in court*
9. he legal 3ro)ession
4n-er con-itions9 7hich 7ere create- through the imp%ementation o3 P",E$ an-
,F/E,89 attornes routine% appear as counse%9 7hi%e not authorize- as ,ounse% o3
$ecor-. Foreover9 as -ocumente- in cases invo%ving 3inancia% institutions9 the at
times appear 7ith Eno communication 7ith c%ient c%auseE. >
%v
?
Such appearance 2 attornes in the 4S courts shou%- 2e -eeme- 3rau- on the court.
.n cases invo%ving 2anks9 particu%ar% un-er the current 3inancia% crisis9 attornes
routine% 3i%e 3rau-u%ent 2anking recor-s. >
%vi
?
.t is impossi2%e that capa2%e an- competent attornes9 7ho appear 2e3ore the 4S
courts9 3ai% to recognize the 3un-amenta% 3rau- in such sstems. "n- et9 no recor-s
7ere 3oun- o3 protest 2 the 4S +ar "ssociation.
$eGuest 3or revie7 o3 the evi-ence o3 3rau- in the computerize- recor-s o3 the 4S
1istrict ,ourts an- ,ourts o3 "ppea%s &0"$E& an- $23E$'* 7as previous%
3or7ar-e- to #arvar- :a7 Pro3essor Oochai +enk%er9 an expert on computers an- the
%a7. >x?
'o computer science or %ega% expert in the 4ntie- States 7as 7i%%ing to opine on the
3in-ings o3 stu-ies9 or revie7 aca-emic papers9 7hich -ocumente- the 3in-ings o3
instant su2mission.
'o %a7 -ean in the 4nite- States9 7hich has 2een aske-9 agree- to opine on the
evi-ence o3 3rau- in the 4S courts. >
%vii
?
+enk%er
Six &0* top aca-emic %a7 journa%s9 7hich specia%ize in #uman $ights or computers
an- %a79 re3use- to accept 3or revie7 aca-emic papers9 -ea%ing 7ith the issues9
-etai%e- in instant su2mission. :ike7ise9 in internationa% con3erences9 7here 4S
scho%ars 7ere in a-ministrative ke positions9 such papers 7ere exc%u-e-9 even a3ter
passing peer-revie7. >
%viii
?
:. National media
/o 2e comp%ete-9 an- see un-er !. ,ase stu-ies - SE, v +ank o3 "merica ,orporation
E. Com3liance ?ith relevant $& la?
1. Ha#eas Cor3us

>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
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=ig&re 224 Ie"!4 Wri! o" >a*eas (orp&s, #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, 7as!ern Dis!ri'! o" Penns%lvania U(S(
e!( rel( )ohn *heeler v( +assmore *illiamson .J&l% -B, -F@@0 ?igh!4 Wri! o" >a*eas (orp&s Ad
Tes!i"i'and&, #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, $o&!hern Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia, #$ v ?ivera and $an'he;
.<a% -B, -B2-0) 7x!ensive sear'h in !he PA(7? re'ords o" vario&s #$ dis!ri'! 'o&r!s "ailed !o
dis'over a single Wri! o" >a*eas (orp&s, iss&ed a"!er !he ipleen!a!ion o" PA(7? and
(</7(=) $in'e !he Wri! o" >a*eas (orp&s is in "a'! !he s&ons in s&'h li!iga!ion, all 'ases
o" >a*eas (orp&s in !he #ni!ed $!a!es !oda% sho&ld *e deeed invalid, si&la!ed li!iga!ion)
There"ore, !he privilege o" >a*eas (orp&s sho&ld *e deeed s&spended, no onl% in !he
C&an!anao Ba% de!en!ion 'en!er and o!her J*la'k holeJ prisons, opera!ed *% !he #$
governen! in vario&s lo'a!ions aro&nd !he +orld, *&! also in !he !erri!orial #ni!ed $!a!es)
/he 4S ,onstitution9 Section ;H *imits on $ongress9 sasH
/he Privi%ege o3 the Drit o3 #a2eas ,orpus sha%% not 2e suspen-e-9 un%ess
7hen in ,ases o3 $e2e%%ion or .nvasion the pu2%ic Sa3et ma reGuire it.
/he proce-ure9 app%ica2%e 3or #a2eas ,orpus is initiate- 2 a Petition 3or Drit o3
#a2eas ,orpus. /he 7rit in this case is a summons 7ith the 3orce o3 a court or-erP it
is a--resse- to the custo-ian &a prison o33icia% 3or examp%e* an- -eman-s that a
prisoner 2e taken 2e3ore the court9 an- that the custo-ian present proo3 o3 authorit9
a%%o7ing the court to -etermine 7hether the custo-ian has %a73u% authorit to -etain
the prisoner.
:ouis +ran-eis &4S Supreme ,ourt 5ustice 1;10 to 1;!;* re3erre- to it as @the
greatest achievement o3 the Eng%ish-speaking courts - esta2%ishing :i2ert 2 %a7@.
Di%%iam +rennan 5r &4S Supreme ,ourt 5ustice 1;50 to 1;;=* routine% re3erre- to it
as E/he (reat DritE9 an- the E,ornerstone o3 the 4nite- States ,onstitutionE.
"n- in 'ay v 4oia &1;0!* 5ustice +rennan 7roteH
/he 2asic princip%e o3 the (reat Drit o3 ha2eas corpus is that9 in a civi%ize-
societ9 government must a%7as 2e accounta2%e to the ju-iciar 3or a man@s
imprisonmentH i3 the imprisonment cannot 2e sho7n to con3orm 7ith the
3un-amenta% reGuirements o3 %a79 the in-ivi-ua% is entit%e- to his imme-iate
re%ease.
/he 4P$ $eport on the 4nite- States &2=1=* recommen-e- that the 4S restore the
right 3or #a2eas ,orpus. #o7ever9 that report 7as primari% 2ase- on con-itions in
the (uantanamo +a -etention center an- other E2%ack ho%eE prisons9 operate- 2 the
government o3 the 4nite- States in various %ocations aroun- the 7or%-.
#o7ever9 as -ocumente- in instant su2mission9 an- in particu%ar in the case o3
$ichar- 8ine9 &;.a) Ha#eas Cor3us in the $nited &tates 4 the case o) Richard Isaac
'ine* #a2eas ,orpus 7as an- is in 3act suspen-e- a%so in the territoria% 4nite- States.
+eon- the notes a2ove9 pertaining to the inva%i-it o3 the P",E$ an- ,F/E,8
recor-s in &ichard 'ine v Sheriff of *os "ngeles $ounty &2H=;-cv-=1;16* in the 4S
1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia9 one shou%- noteH
i. 'o Drit o3 #a2eas ,orpus 7as ever issue- 2 the ,ourt9 3o%%o7ing the 3i%ing o3 the
Petition. /here3ore9 there 7as no summons in this case - inva%i- %itigation 7ith no
juris-iction 2 the ,ourt.
ii. Sheri33 7as right% name- 2 8ine as $espon-ent9 since he 7as ho%-ing $ichar-
8ine.
iii. Sheri33 re3use- to respon-9 an- never respon-e- on the #a2eas ,orpus petition o3
8ine.
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
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iv. 4S Fagistrate ,ar%a Doehr%e -eci-e- to permit 5u-ge 1avi- Oa33e o3 the :os
"nge%es Superior ,ourt to appear as $espon-ent instea-. Such -ecision9 to change
the name- $espon-er in %itigation9 7as ma-e 7ith no authorit at a%%.
v. 4S Fagistrate ,ar%a Doehr%e 7as never -u% assigne- to the case. /here3ore9 she
ha- no authorit to a-ju-icate in the 3irst p%ace. >
%ix
?
v. <evin Fc,ormick appeare- on 2eha%3 o3 5u-ge Oa33e an- the :os "nge%es Superior
,ourt 7ith no authorit at a%% - he 7as never appointe- ,ounse% o3 $ecor- 3or such
parties.
vi. 'o -ec%aration 2 5u-ge Oa33e or an other respon-ing part can 2e 3oun- in the
#a2eas ,orpus papers. <evin Fc,ormick 3i%e- response papers 7ith -ec%aration
2 counse% a%one - inva%i- p%ea-ing.
vii. 'o signature 7hatsoever 2 5u-ge Oa33e or an other respon-ing part can 2e
3oun- in the #a2eas ,orpus papers 3i%e- 2 "ttorne Fc,ormick.
viii. 'o -ocket9 no 7arrant9 an- no va%i- ju-gment 3rom the un-er%ing case &Farina
v :" ,ount* in the :os "nge%es Superior ,ourt 7ere ever 3i%e-9 to sho7 that the
imprisonment Econ3orm>e-? 7ith the 3un-amenta% reGuirements o3 %a7E.
$egar-%ess o3 the 3act that a%% ju-icia% recor- in this case shou%- 2e -eeme- voi-9 not
voi-a2%e9 one shou%- particu%ar% note that in her 5une 129 2==; $eport an-
$ecommen-ation &%ater a-opte- 2 4S 5u-ge 5ohn Da%ter in his 5u-gment9 -ening
the Petition*9 4S Fagistrate ,ar%a Doehr%e sasH >
%x
?
II. &AN%AR% O' RE+IE@
$evie7 o3 the Petition in this case is governe- 2 provisions o3 the
"ntiterrorism an- E33ective 1eath Pena%t "ct o3 1;;0 &A"E1P"B* . 4n-er
"E1P"9 a 3e-era% court ma not grant ha2eas re%ie3 on a c%aim a-ju-icate- on its
merits in state court un%ess the a-ju-icationAresu%te- in a -ecision that 7as
contrar to9 or invo%ve- an unreasona2%e app%ication o39 c%ear% esta2%ishe-
8e-era% %a79 as -etermine- 2 the Supreme ,ourt o3 the 4nite- States9B or
Aresu%te- in a -ecision that 7as 2ase- on an unreasona2%e -etermination o3 the
3acts in %ight o3 the evi-ence presente- in the State court procee-ing.B 2N 4.S.,.
T 2256&-*.
'ee-%ess to sa9 the imprisonment o3 $ichar- 8ine 7ith no %a73u% recor-s9
con3orming 7ith the 3un-amenta% reGuirements o3 the %a79 7as unreasona2%e
app%ication o3 c%ear% esta2%ishe- 8e-era% %a7. +ut the recor-s o3 8ine v Sheri33 in the
4S 1istrict ,ourt9 as a 7ho%e9 an- the reasoning in the $eport an- $ecommen-ation
in particu%ar9 -emonstrate that the privi%ege o3 #a2eas ,orpus 7as in 3act suspen-e-9
un-er the ru2ric o3 "ntiterrorism...
-. 'irst Amendment to the $& Constitution4 the right to )ile 3a3ers in court
=ig&re 224 #$ J&dge ?i'hard Ieon, #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, Dis!ri'! o" (ol&*ia, ro&!inel% denies
!he righ! !o "ile papers !ha! provide eviden'e o" ,&di'ial 'orr&p!ion)
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
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=ig&re 234 =ive .@0 papers +i!h JIeave !o =ile Denied, ?JIJ in *indsor v vans et al) In
'ases seeking pro!e'!ion agains! ,&di'ial 'orr&p!ion, !he 'lerk o" !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, D(,
"ailed !o do'ke! papers, +hi'h provided eviden'e o" ,&di'ial 'orr&p!ion, in disregard o" =irs!
Aenden! righ!s and !he d&!ies and o*liga!ions o" !he 'lerk) Ins!ead, s&'h papers +ere
dire'!l% "or+arded !o J&dge ?i'hard Ieon, +ho hand s'ri**led on !he JIeave !o =ile
DeniedJ, and had !he re!&rned !o !he "iler) Willia Windsor, a no!a*le an!i5,&di'ial 'orr&p!ion
+his!le5*lo+er, reains !he !arge! o" re!alia!ion *% !he 'o&r!s !o !his da!e) >
%xi
?
=ig&re 244 9ine .B0 papers +i!h JIeave !o =ile Denied, ?JIJ in ,erni$ v -elson et al)
/he 4nite- States courts have e33ective% esta2%ishe- a po%ic exc%u-ing 3rom the 8irst
"men-ment right Ato petition the (overnment 3or a re-ress o3 grievancesB papers9
7hich -ocumente- ju-icia% corruption. Foreover9 to accomp%ish such po%ic9 the
recor-s sho7e- 4S ju-ges an- court personne% co%%u-ing in 8rau- on the ,ourt9 an-
tight %inkage 7as -emonstrate- 2et7een such con-uct9 a2use o3 #uman $ights9 an-
3ai%ing 2anking regu%ation in the 4nite- States.
/he series o3 cases originate- at the Superior ,ourt o3 ,a%i3ornia9 ,ount o3 :os
"nge%es9 an- 7as opine- as rea% estate 3rau- > ? 2 a 8rau- Expert I 8+. veteran9 7ho
ha- 2een -ecorate- 2 4S ,ongress9 2 4S "ttorne (enera%9 an- 2 8+. 1irector.
/he 2ene3iciaries o3 the a%%ege- racketeering at the :os "nge%es Superior ,ourt9 %e-
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
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2 ,a%i3ornia 5u-ge 5",V4E:.'E ,)'')$9 inc%u-e- ,ountr7i-e 8inancia%
,orporation9 an- %ater +ank o3 "merica ,orporation. "'(E:) F)C.:) &then ,E)
o3 ,ountr7i-e*9 S"'1)$ S"F4E:S &then ,hie3 :ega% ,ounse% o3 ,ountr7i-e9
to-a- "ssociate (enera% ,ounse% o3 +ank o3 "merica*9 an- +$."' F)O'.#"'
&then (enera% ,ounse%9 to-a - Presi-ent o3 +ank o3 "merica*9 7ere a%% -irect%
invo%ve- in the matter9 as 7as 1"L.1 P"S/E$'"< &3ormer Presi-ent o3 the :os
"nge%es ,ount +ar "ssociation an- 3ormer Fem2er o3 the ,a%i3ornia 5u-icia%
,ounci%*. > ? $egar-%ess o3 the vo%uminous cre-i2%e evi-ence o3 a%%ege- racketeering
2 ,ountr7i-e9 +ank o3 "merica9 an- ju-ges o3 the :os "nge%es Superior ,ourt9
8+. an- 4S 1epartment o3 5ustice re3use- to en3orce the %a7 in :os "nge%es ,ount9
,a%i3ornia9 even a3ter inGuiries 2 the 4S ,ongress.
.n contrast9 o33icia% 8+. po%ic9 as state- in 2==N9 7as E8+. 7i%% pursue a%% a%%egations
o3 ju-icia% corruption vigorous%9 as pu2%ic corruption vio%ations are among the most
serious o3 a%% crimina% con-uct an- can tear at the 3a2ric o3 a -emocratic societRE
/here3ore9 in Fa 2==; petition 7as 3i%e- at the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Dashington 1, -
Cernik v Fe%son et a% &1H2==;cv==N=5*9 un-er cause o3 action E/o ,ompe% 4S )33icer
to Per3orm #is 1utiesE. "mong 1e3en-ants 7ere <E''E/# <".SE$ &"ssistant
1irector o3 8+. 3or ,rimina% .nvestigations*9 <E''E/# FE:S)' &then 1irector o3
4S "ttornes )33ice*9 an- S"F4E: +ECE< &Senior ,ounse% at SE,*. ,on-uct o3
5u-ge $.,#"$1 :E)' at the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 1istrict o3 ,o%um2ia9 7as 2 then
pre-icta2%e I the 4S ,ourt e%iminate- 3rom the -ocket - 7ith no 1ue Process/8air
#earing - papers9 7hich 7ere -u% 3i%e-9 an- 7hich provi-e- evi-ence o3 ju-icia%
corruption at the :os "nge%es Superior ,ourt. > ?
"t the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia9 5u-ge L.$(.'." P#.::.PS
an- Fagistrate ,"$:" D)E#$:E ha- previous% engage- in 2==N-; in simi%ar
con-uct in Cernik v ,onnor et a% &2H=N-cv-=155=*9 7here ten ju-ges o3 the :os
"nge%es Superior ,ourt9 "'(E:) F)C.:) an- S"'1)$ S"F4E:S 7ere name-
among 1e3en-ants in comp%aint un-er cause o3 action o3 1eprivation o3 $ights un-er
the ,o%or o3 :a7. /he evi-ence provi-e in the case e33ective% -ocumente-
racketeering at the :os "nge%es Superior ,ourt. "t the commencement o3 the
%itigation at 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia9 the APro Se ,%erkB
re3use- to issue va%i- summons presente- to him. :ater9 papers9 7hich provi-e-
evi-ence o3 ju-icia% corruption9 7ere -ishonest% -ockete- I concea%e- un-er
unre%ate- paper an- -ocketing text in the on%ine P",E$ -ocket. > ? Dhen that
practice 7as proteste-9 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia initiate-
the practice o3 se%ective% re3using to 3i%e9 an- se%ective% issuing perverte- pretense
A1iscrepanc 'oticesB on certain papers 7ith no 1ue Process/8air #earing. /he sta33
o3 the )33ice o3 the ,%erk a%so exp%icit% in3orme- P%ainti33 that Fagistrate ,"$:"
D)E#$: instructe- them to issue such A'oticesB on an papers pertaining to
a%%egation o3 ju-icia% corruption. > ? 8urthermore9 Fagistrate ,"$:" D)E#$:E an-
5u-ge L.$(.'." P#.::.PS o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia
%ater issue- a pretense A)r-erB - prohi2iting P%ainti33 3rom access to the 4S ,ourts in
the matter. > ? /he recor-s o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia9 a%so
-ocumente- a%%ege- 5u-icia% Fiscon-uct an- 8rau- on the ,ourt I re%ative to the
issuance an- -ocketing o3 inva%i- pretense ,ourt recor-s 2 Fagistrate ,"$:"
D)E#$:E an- 5u-ge L.$(.'." P#.::.PS in co%%usion 7ith unauthorize- court
personne%. >6?>5?>0?
,on-uct o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia 7as there3ore su2ject
o3 a Petition9 7hich 7as -u% 3i%e- in 5une 2==N at the 4S ,ourt o3 "ppea%s9 ;th
,ircuit - Cernik v 4S1,-,", &=N-72716* I purporte-% revie7e- 2 ,ircuit 5u-ges
S/EP#E' $ $E.'#"$1/9 F"$S#" S +E$C)' an- F.:"' 1 SF./#9 5$. /he
Petition at the 4S ,ourt o3 "ppea%s9 ;th ,ircuit9 sought to ,ompe% 1ue Process
$ights I issuing o3 va%i- summons an- engaging in honest -ocketing at the 4S
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
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1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia. #o7ever9 papers9 7hich provi-e-
evi-ence o3 the -enia% o3 the right to 3i%e papers at the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra%
1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia9 an- a%%ege- 7i-esprea- corruption at the :os "nge%es Superior
,ourt9 7ere e%iminate- 3rom the -ocket o3 the 4S ,ourt o3 "ppea%s9 ;th ,ircuit. )n%
unsigne- or-ers 7ere issue- 2 the ,ircuit 5u-ges9 7hich 7ere serve- an- notice-
7ith no authentication/certi3ication 2 the ,%erk o3 the 4S ,ourt o3 "ppea%s9 ;th
,ircuit. > ?
:ater9 in "pri% 2=1=9 simi%ar con-uct 7as -ocumente- at the Supreme ,ourt o3 the
4nite- States9 un-er caption o3 8ine v Sheri33 &=;-"N27*. /he "pp%ication9
purporte-% revie7e- 2 the ,on3erence o3 the Supreme ,ourt9 pertaine- to the
imprisonment in so%itar con3inement o3 3ormer 4S prosecutor $ichar- 8ine9 7ith no
7arrant an- no entr o3 5u-gment/,onviction or Sentencing9 a3ter he ha- expose-9
pu2%icize-9 an- re2uke- the taking o3 Anot permitte-B paments &A2ri2esB* 2 ju-ges
o3 the :os "nge%es Superior ,ourt9 7hich reGuire- the enactment o3 Aretroactive
immunitiesB &Apar-onsB* 3or such ju-ges.
Papers9 7hich 7ere -u% 3i%e- as Fotion to .ntervene > ? at the Supreme ,ourt o3 the
4nite- States un-er the caption9 re3erence- a2ove9 an- 7hich -ocumente- the
para%%e%s in a%%ege- corruption o3 the Superior ,ourt o3 ,a%i3ornia9 o3 the ,a%i3ornia
5u-icia% ,ounci%9 o3 the 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 ,entra% 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia9 an- o3 the
4S ,ourt o3 "ppea%s9 ;th ,ircuit9 in the #a2eas ,orpus Petition o3 $ichar- 8ine an-
the cases pertaining to 1r Cernik9 re3erence- a2ove9 7ere e%iminate- 3rom the -ocket
o3 the 4S Supreme ,ourt 2 ,ourt ,ounse% 1"''O +.,<E:: 7ith no authorit at
a%%. > ? 8urthermore9 upon revie7 o3 recor-s o3 the 3i%e o3 the "pp%ication at the
Supreme ,ourt o3 the 4nite- States9 no recor- 7as 3oun- o3 an ju-icia% revie7 at a%%.
> ? $egar-%ess9 3a%se an- -e%i2erate% mis%ea-ing notices o3 purporte- -enia% o3 the
"pp%ication 2 the ,on3erence o3 the Supreme ,ourt o3 the 4nite- States 7as issue-
2 unauthorize- personne%. 1enia% o3 the "pp%ication 7as %ike7ise 3a%se% note- in the
on%ine -ockets an- journa% o3 the Supreme ,ourt. > ? /here3ore9 the case a%so
-emonstrate- -isregar- o3 the #a2eas ,orpus right I the Athe cornerstone o3 the 4S
,onstitutionB accor-ing to the %ate 4S Supreme ,ourt 5ustice Di%%iam +rennan 5r.
/he cases in a%% courts invo%ve- a%so -ocumente- the ke ro%e o3 on%ine pu2%ic access
sstems &e.g. P",E$* an- computerize- case management sstems &e.g. ,F/E,8* in
ena2%ing such con-uct9 through exc%usion 3rom the on%ine pu2%ic access sstem o3 the
c%erksS authentication/certi3ication recor-s9 an- -enia% o3 access to such recor-s 2 the
courts9 com2ine- 7ith perverte- notice an- service practices. " reasona2%e person
7ou%- conc%u-e that to-a the c%erks o3 a%% courts invo%ve- -eeme- themse%ves
unaccounta2%e 3or the va%i-it an- honest o3 an o3 the recor-s in the respective
on%ine pu2%ic access sstems.
.n recent ears #uman $ights "%ert repeate-% ca%%e- upon the 4nite- States ,ongress
to enact 3e-era% ru%es o3 on%ine pu2%ic access an- case management sstems9 since
2oth state an- 3e-era% courts uni3orm% 3ai%e- to pu2%ish such ru%es9 in apparent
vio%ation o3 1ue Process/8air #earings rights. > ?
/he cases at han- 7ere part o3 evi-ence9 7hich 7as su2mitte- to the #uman $ights
,ounci% &#$,* o3 the 4nite- 'ations as part o3 the 3irst ever9 2=1= 4niversa% Perio-ic
$evie7 o3 #uman $ights in the 4nite- States. > ? Sta33 report o3 the #$, %ater note-
Acorruption o3 the courts an- the %ega% pro3essionB in ,a%i3ornia. > ?
:ike7ise9 in 5u% 2=1= Pro3 :aurence /ri2e9 in kenote a--ress to the "nnua%
,on3erence o3 ,hie3 5ustices o3 the state courts9 in his capacit as Senior ,ounse%9 4S
1epartment o3 5ustice9 "ccess to 5ustice .nitiative9 7arne- that the state courts in the
4nite- States might 2ecome in-istinguisha2%e 3rom courts in Athir- 7or%-B nations. > ?
#o7ever9 the evi-ence no7 re%ease- 2 #uman $ights "%ert9 sho7e- that the even
the highest 4nite- States courts - 'ationa% /ri2una%s 3or Protection o3 $ights pursuant
to rati3ie- .nternationa% :a7 - in 3act patronize- such con-uct9 through 7hat must 2e
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
62/57
-eeme- vio%ation o3 the 8irst "men-ment right to 3i%e petitions9 -enia% o3 "ccess to
the ,ourts9 -enia% o3 the 1ue Process/8air #earing rights9 an- 8rau- on the ,ourts.
Foreover9 com2ine-9 the cases at han- -ocumente- the tight %inkage 2et7een
corruption o3 the justice sstem9 a2use o3 #uman $ights9 an- 3ai%ing 2anking
regu%ation in the 4nite- States.
#uman $ights "%ert &'()* is -e-icate- to -iscovering9 archiving9 an- -isseminating
evi-ence o3 #uman $ights vio%ations 2 the justice sstems o3 the State o3 ,a%i3ornia
an- the 4nite- States in :os "nge%es9 ,a%i3ornia9 an- 2eon-. Specia% emphasis is
given to the uniGue ro%e o3 computerize- case management sstems in the precipitous
-eterioration o3 integrit o3 the justice sstem.
$'78S
L M 075-25-7 $aaan v Zernik .$(0F74000 a! !he $&perior (o&r! o" (ali"ornia, (o&n!% o" Ios Angeles,
David Pas!ernakHs Cran! Deeds in re4 320 $o&!h Pe'k Drive, Beverl% >ills, (A B02-2, opined "ra&d
exper! and =BI ve!eran as "ra&d *% Jaes Wedi'k4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/24BB-23F/
$ee also !he A&g&s! 2-, 200F in"oral le!!er *% "ra&d exper! and =BI ve!eran Jaes Wedi'k, in"oring
De"endan! Dr Zernik !ha! =BI $pe'ial Agen!, +ho +as assigned !o !he 'ase agreed +i!h hi !ha! !he
'ase involved real es!a!e "ra&d, and expressing 'on'ern !ha! =BI +o&ld no! provide 73&al Pro!e'!ion in
!he 'ase, sin'e i! +o&ld involve addressing +idespread 'orr&p!ion o" !he 'o&r!s in Ios Angeles (o&n!%,
(ali"ornia)
0F50F52- $aaan v Zernik .$(0F74000 7ail le!!er *% highl% de'ora!ed =BI ve!eran, Jaes Wedi'k,
regarding re"&sal !o Inves!iga!e =BI !o provide Dr Zernik pro!e'!ion agains! real es!a!e "ra&d4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/2B7-3733/
L M 0F50@527 Zernik v (onnor .240F5'v50-@@00 a! !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia, Dk! S
0A24 =irs! Aended (oplain!4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/307AA3@4/
L M a0 0B50A52B Zernik v <elson e! al .-40B5'v500F0@0 a! !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, Dis!ri'! o" (ol&*ia E
papers re'eived *% ail "ro #$ J&dge ?i'hard Ieon, alleged as Denial o" =irs! Aenden! righ!s and
J&di'ial =ra&d on !he (o&r!) 5 Papers ?e'eived *% <ail =ro J&dge ?i'hard Ieon 5 Alleged J&di'ial
=ra&d on !he (o&r!4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3B77BBAF/
Please no!e4 The re'ords in a0, a*ove, are "a'e pages o" papers, +hi'h had *een d&l% "iled *% Plain!i"" in
Zernik v <elson e! al .-40B5'v500F0@0, and +ere la!er re!&rned *% ail !o Plain!i"" +i!h Dis'repan'%
9o!i'e and no "or o" a&!hen!i'a!ion/'er!i"i'a!ion *% an a&!hori;ed Dep&!% (lerk)
7a'h o" !he papers +as hand ins'ri*ed on i!s "a'e page JIeave !o "ile deniedJ +i!h !he da!e
6A/2B/0B:and ini!ials o" J&dge ?i'hard Ieon)
There"ore, !he re'ords are alleged as eviden'e o" Denial o" =irs! Aenden! righ! and J&di'ial =ra&d on
!he (o&r! *% J&dge ?i'hard Ieon in 'oll&sion +i!h Dep&!% (lerk David $'o!!)
The re'ords, +hi'h Plain!i"" +as !h&s denied !he righ! !o "ile a! !he 'o&r!, in'l&ded, *&! +ere no! lii!ed !o
papers, +hi'h do'&en!ed "ra&d *% ,&dges o" !he $&perior (o&r! o" (ali"ornia in 'oll&sion +i!h
(o&n!r%+ide =inan'ial (orpora!ion)
9o en!ion o" !hese papers, or !he p&rpor!ed denial o" !heir "iling *% J&dge ?i'hard Ieon +as ever
no!ed in !he PA(7? do'ke! o" !he 'ap!ion re"eren'ed a*ove)
*0 0B50A52B Zernik v <elson e! al .-40B5'v500F0@0 a! !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, Dis!ri'! o" (ol&*ia E
p&rpor!ed Order *% J&dge ?i'hard Ieon as re'eived *% ail4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3B7F07F4/
Please no!e4 The re'ord in .*0, a*ove, is provided as re'eived *% Plain!i"" *% ail "ro !he (o&r!) I!
in'l&ded no "or o" a&!hen!i'a!ion/'er!i"i'a!ion *% (lerk o" !he (o&r!)
?egardless, !he p&rpor!ed 6Order: +as do'ke!ed .Dk! SF0 in !he online PA(7? do'ke! as 6en!ered:)
The (o&r! denied repea!ed re3&es!s "or !he 97=s .9o!i'es o" 7le'!roni' =ilings0, +hi'h are !oda%
deeed *% !he #$ 'o&r!s as a&!hen!i'a!ion/'er!i"i'a!ion *% !he (lerk)
There"ore, !he re'ords are alleged as eviden'e o" J&di'ial =ra&d on !he (o&r! *% J&dge ?i'hard Ieon in
'oll&sion +i!h Dep&!% (lerk David $'o!!)
L M a0 (ond&'! o" !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia, &nder Zernik v (onnor e! al .240F5
'v50-@@00, +as de!ailed in !he Pe!i!ion !o !he #$ (o&r! o" Appeals, B!h (ir'&i!, see =oo!no!e L@M, Belo+)
*0 Pre!ense <ar'h 2-, 200F 6<in&!es:, iss&ed *% J&dge KI?CI9IA P>IIIIP$, 3&es!ioning !he
'ons!i!&!ional righ! "or &n*iased ,&dge4
0F50352- Zernik v (onnor e! al .240F5'v50-@@00 a! !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia,
Dk! S0-4 5 J&dge Kirginia Phillips8 <in&!es Den%ing Teporar% ?es!raining Order4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/2474BAF0/
'0 0F50A50A Zernik v (onnor e! al .240F5'v50-@@00 a! !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia
Dk! S0A3 5 p&rpor!ed <agis!ra!e (arla Woehrle J<in&!esJ 5 'on!riving novel dishones! do'ke!ing r&les,
alleged as =ra&d on !he (o&r!4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3B77AB@B/
Please no!e4 The a*ove !+o re'ords o" !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia are deeed
as J&di'ial =ra&d on !he (o&r!, sin'e !he% +ere iss&ed +i!h no 6Do'&en! $!ap: in !he respe'!ive
97=s, +hi'h is re3&ired p&rs&an! !o !he (o&r!Hs Ceneral Order 0F502 as a&!hen!i'a!ion/'er!i"i'a!ion *%
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
6!/57
!he (lerk, a "a'! !ha! 'o&ld no! *e dis'erned in !he PA(7? do'ke! o" !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!) <oreover, !he
pre!ense <ar'h 2-, 200F 6<in&!es: .*0, a*ove, +as iss&ed +i!h no a&!hori!% a! all *% <A?KA DIIIA?D,
(o&r!roo Dep&!%, and no! *% a Dep&!% (lerk, as re3&ired *% la+) Iike+ise, !he pre!ense J&ne A, 200F
6<in&!es: .'0, a*ove, +as iss&ed +i!h no a&!hori!% a! all *% Donna Thoas, +ho +as E &pon in"ora!ion
and *elie" E (o&r!roo Dep&!%, "ra&d&len!l% iden!i"ied in !he 6<in&!es: as a 6Dep&!% (lerk:) (lerk o" !he
(o&r! T7??G 9A=I$I, and Presiding J&dge A#D?7G (OIII9$ re"&sed !o respond on repea!ed
re3&es!s !o 'on"ir or den% !he "a'!, al!erna!ivel% E !o ini!ia!e 'orre'!ive a'!ions)
L M $ee re'ords o" papers, +hi'h provided eviden'e o" alleged 'orr&p!ion o" !he ,&dges o" !he (ali"ornia
$&perior (o&r!, and +hi'h +ere denied !he "iling !ho&gh perver!ed 6Dis'repan'% 9o!i'es: a! !he #$
Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia &nder4
0B50450B Zernik v (onnor e! al .240F5'v50-@@00 a! !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia,
Dk! S-0@4 (opiled ?e'ords o" Perver!ed Dis'repan'% 9o!i'es4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3B773FA7/
L M 0B504524 Zernik v (onnor e! al .240F5'v50-@@00 a! !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia,
Dk! S-0A p&rpor!ed J&dge KI?CI9IA P>IIIIP$ Order A''ep!ing ?epor! and ?e'oenda!ion o" #$
<agis!ra!e (A?IA WO7>?I7, den%ing Plain!i"" a''ess !o #$ (o&r!s in !he a!!er4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3B77@020/
Please no!e4 The a*ove re'ord o" !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia, is deeed as
J&di'ial =ra&d on !he (o&r!, sin'e i! +as iss&ed +i!h no 6Do'&en! $!ap: in !he respe'!ive 97=, +hi'h
is re3&ired p&rs&an! !o !he (o&r!Hs Ceneral Order 0F502 as a&!hen!i'a!ion/'er!i"i'a!ion *% !he (lerk, a
"a'! !ha! 'o&ld no! *e dis'erned in !he PA(7? do'ke! o" !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!)
L M 0F50A524 Zernik v #$D( .0F5727-40 a! !he #$ (o&r! o" Appeals B!h (ir'&i! 5 Alleged =ra&d on !he
(o&r! and #nderining o" Banking ?eg&la!ion4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3B@24@4-/
L M a0 -0504520 =ine v Ba'a .0B AF270 <o!ion !o In!ervene and rela!ed papers4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/30304A@7/
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/30-A-@73/
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/30-A-A3A/
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/30-A2-0B/
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/30-A2-44/
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/30-A-AB2/
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/30-F@@7@/
*0 (oplain! agains! #$ $&pree (o&r! (o&nsel Dann% Bi'kell Alleged P&*li' (orr&p!ion and
Depriva!ion o" ?igh!s
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/337723-3/
'0 -050752@ =ine v Ba'a .0B AF270 Alleged "ra&d in #$ $&pree (o&r!4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/34F34@30/
d0 -050752F =ine v Ba'a .0B5AF270 Addi!ional 7viden'e "or =ra&d a! !he #$ $&pree (o&r! per!aining
!o p&rpor!ed denial o" !he Appli'a!ion in (on"eren'e o" !he (o&r!4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3@0-4@BB/
L M a0 04522 =ine v $heri"" .0B5AF270 a! !he #$ $&pree (o&r! 5 Dr Zernik8s De'lara!ion ?74 (o&r!
(o&nsel Dann% Bi'kell and =iling a! #$ $&pree (o&r!4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3-4304A4/
*0 -050F50- =ine v Ba'a .0B5AF270 a! !he #$ $&pree (o&r! 5 =&r!her 7viden'e o" =ra&d, <isprision o"
=elonies 5 April 2B, 20-0 Ie!!er *% (o&r! (o&nsel Bi'kell Indi'a!ing J?e!&rnJ o" <o!ion !o In!ervene and
?ela!ed Papers4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3@-B3A7A/
L M-050752F =ine v Ba'a .0B5AF270 a! !he $&pree (o&r! o" !he #ni!ed $!a!es 5 De'lara!ion o" Ceorge
<'Dero!! ?e4 #nsigned Ie!!er da!ed April 2A, 20-0, *% $&pree &nnaed Dep&!% (lerk re4 Denial o"
!he Appli'a!ion4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3@0-4@BB/
L M-050F5-3 ?74 =ine v Ba'a .0B5AF270, =ine v Ba'a .0B5-2@00, and =ine v Ba'a .-05A240 a! !he
$&pree (o&r! o" !he #ni!ed $!a!es 5 O'!o*er 200B Ter Jo&rnal 5 validi!%, or la'k !hereo"4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3A47AB2A/
L M 0-50753- >&an ?igh!s Aler!Hs ?e3&es! "or !he J&di'iar% (oi!!ees !o 7s!a*lish (ase <anageen!
and Online P&*li' A''ess $%s!e o" !he #$ (o&r!s *% Ia+4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3@-4B27-/
L M-05045-B >&an ?igh!s Aler! s&*ission "or !he 20-0 #P? .#niversal Periodi' ?evie+0 o" >&an
?igh!s in !he #ni!ed $!a!es *% !he #ni!ed 9a!ions4
a0 Press ?elease4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/30200004/
*0 $&*ission4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/30-47@F3/
'0 Appendix4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/30-A3A-3/
L M-05-050- #ni!ed 9a!ions >&an ?igh!s (o&n'il ?e'ords "or 20-0 ?evie+ .#P?0 o" >&an ?igh!s in
!he #ni!ed $!a!es 5 J'orr&p!ion o" !he 'o&r!s and !he legal pro"essionJ in (ali"ornia
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3F@AAF37/
L M -050752A Pro" Ia&ren'e Tri*e8s Ne%no!e ?earks a! !he Ann&al (on"eren'e o" (hie" J&s!i'es s
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3@B-A2B-/
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
66/57
;. 'irst Amendment to the $& Constitution4 the right to access court records to
ins3ect and to co3!
.n 4i(on v! @arner $ommunications, Inc! 6!5 4.S. 5N; &1;7N*9 the 4S Supreme
,ourt rea33irme- the common %a7 right to access ju-icia% recor-s to inspect an- to
copH
.t is c%ear that the courts o3 this countr recognize a genera% right to inspect an-
cop pu2%ic recor-s an- -ocument9 inc%u-ing ju-icia% recor-s an- -ocuments...
"merican -ecisions genera%% -o not con-ition en3orcement o3 this right on a
proprietar interest in the -ocument or upon a nee- 3or it as evi-ence in a
%a7suit. /he interest necessar to support the issuance o3 a 7rit compe%%ing
access has 2een 3oun-9 3or examp%e9 in the citizen@s -esire to keep a 7atch3u% ee
on the 7orkings o3 pu2%ic agencies... an- in a ne7spaper pu2%isher@s intention to
pu2%ish in3ormation concerning the operation o3 government...
/he Supreme ,ourt 3oun- this right inherent to the 8irst "men-ment9 to the 8ourth
an- the Sixth "men-ments.
$egar-%ess9 through the imp%ementation o3 the ./ sstems o3 the 4S courts9 the pu2%ic
is to-a -enie- access to court recor-s9 at times9 even a part to recor-s in o7n
%itigation.
9. Rules Ena#ling Act
8rom Dikipe-ia E$u%es Ena2%ing "ctEH
/he $u%es Ena2%ing "ct &ch. 0519 Pu2.:. 7!I6159 6N Stat. 1=069 enacte- 5une
1;9 1;!69 2N 4.S.,. T 2=72* is an "ct o3 ,ongress that gave the ju-icia% 2ranch
the po7er to promu%gate the 8e-era% $u%es o3 ,ivi% Proce-ure. "men-ments to
the "ct a%%o7e- 3or the creation o3 the 8e-era% $u%es o3 ,rimina% Proce-ure an-
other proce-ura% court ru%es. /he creation an- revision o3 ru%es pursuant to the
$u%es Ena2%ing "ct is usua%% carrie- out 2 the 5u-icia% ,on3erence o3 the
4nite- States9 the po%icmaking 2o- o3 the 4nite- States 3e-era% courts.
/he enactment o3 the $u%es Ena2%ing "ct on 5une 1;9 1;!6 7as a revo%utionar
moment in the histor o3 civi% proce-ure in the 4nite- States. /he %a7 repea%e-
the archaic Econ3ormit princip%eE 7hich ha- governe- actions at %a7 &an- on%
actions at %a7* in 4.S. 3e-era% courts 3or over 16= earsP name%9 the ru%e that
3e-era% courts shou%- con3orm their proce-ure in such actions to that o3 the
courts in the state in 7hich the 7ere %ocate-. /he con3ormit princip%e ha-
cause- major pro2%ems 3or 3e-era% courts that -i- not actua%% sit in the 4nite-
States9 such as the 4nite- States ,ourt 3or ,hina.
Dhi%e the courts exercise- ru%emaking po7ers grante- to them un-er the "ct
7ithout ,ongressiona% intervention 3or near% 3ort ears9 ,ongress re3use- to
a%%o7 the 8e-era% $u%es o3 Evi-ence to go into e33ect a3ter their approva% 2 the
Supreme ,ourt in 1;7!. /he $u%es o3 Evi-ence 7ere eventua%% passe-9 7ith
su2stantia% changes9 as %egis%ation 2 ,ongress. +ecause o3 ,ongress@s
intervention in 1;7! an- su2seGuent ears9 the ru%emaking po7ers grante- to the
ju-iciar 2 the "ct have 2een re-uce-.
.t is c%aime- that the evi-ence provi-e- in instant su2mission -ocuments that the
-eve%opment9 imp%ementation9 an- operation o3 the ./ sstems o3 the 4S courts in
3act vio%ates the &ules Enabling "ct! Such sstem represent the seizing 2 the 4S
ju-iciar o3 un%a73u% authorit. Foreover9 since the ru%es9 em2e--e- in such sstems
have never 2een -isc%ose- or pu2%ishe-9 such sstems a%so vio%ate the 3un-amenta%
princip%e o3 Pu2%icit o3 the :a7.
:. 'ederal Rules o) Civil Arocedure 4duties o) the clerB
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
65/57
/he 8e-era% $u%es o3 ,ivi% Proce-ure saH
$u%e 6. Summons
&a* ,ontentsP "men-ments.
&1* $ontents! " summons mustH
...
&8* 2e signe- 2 the c%erkP an-
&(* 2ear the courtSs sea%.
"s -ocumente- in instant su2mission9 the 4S courts to-a o3ten 3ai% to issue
summonses that are signe- 2 the c%erk an- 2ear the court@s sea%. Foreover9 as sho7n
in Cernik v 4S 1istrict ,ourt9 Southern 1istrict o3 ,a%i3ornia9 7hen the 4S ,ourt o3
"ppea%s9 ;th ,ircuit 7as petitione- to man-ate the 4S 1istrict ,ourt to issue va%i-
summonses9 the petition 7as summari% -enie-. >?
$u%e 5. Serving an- 8i%ing P%ea-ings an- )ther Papers
...
&-* 8i%ing.
&1* $eGuire- 8i%ingsP ,erti3icate o3 Service. "n paper a3ter the comp%aint that is
reGuire- to 2e serve-Ztogether 7ith a certi3icate o3 serviceZmust 2e 3i%e-
7ithin a reasona2%e time a3ter service.
"s sho7n in instant su2mission9 va%i- ,erti3icates o3 Service are no %onger 3i%e- 7ith
the c%erk o3 the courts un-er P",E$ an- ,F/E,8.
$u%e 5N. Entering 5u-gment
...
&2* Entering 5u-gment.
&1* Dithout the ,ourtSs 1irection. Su2ject to $u%e 56&2* an- un%ess the court
or-ers other7ise9 the c%erk must9 7ithout a7aiting the courtSs -irection9
prompt% prepare9 sign9 an- enter the ju-gment 7henH
&"* the jur returns a genera% ver-ictP
&+* the court a7ar-s on% costs or a sum certainP or
&,* the court -enies a%% re%ie3.
"s sho7n in instant su2mission9 the c%erk o3 the court no %onger signs an- enters the
5u-gments o3 the 4S courts un-er P",E$ an- ,F/E,8.
$u%e 77. ,on-ucting +usinessP ,%erkSs "uthoritP 'otice o3 an )r-er or
5u-gment
&a* Dhen ,ourt .s )pen. Ever -istrict court is consi-ere- a%7as open 3or
3i%ing an paper9 issuing an- returning process9 making a motion9 or entering an
or-er.
...
&2* -rders! Su2ject to the courtSs po7er to suspen-9 a%ter9 or rescin- the c%erkSs
action 3or goo- cause9 the c%erk maH
...
&-* Serving 'otice o3 an )r-er or 5u-gment.
&1* Service! .mme-iate% a3ter entering an or-er or ju-gment9 the c%erk must
serve notice o3 the entr9 as provi-e- in $u%e 5&2*9 on each part 7ho is not in
-e3au%t 3or 3ai%ing to appear. /he c%erk must recor- the service on the -ocket.
"s -ocumente- in instant su2mission9 to-a the right to 3i%e papers is o3ten -enie-9
7hen papers provi-e evi-ence o3 ju-icia% corruption. /he c%erk o3 the court no %onger
sen- notice o3 an or-er or ju-gment9 an- the c%erks 3ai% to recor- the service in the
-ocket.
$u%e 7;. $ecor-s <ept 2 the ,%erk
&a* ,ivi% 1ocket.
>&an ?igh! Aler! .9CO04 D?A=T #P? $&*ission 5 #ni!ed $!a!es .20-40
Large-scale fraud in IT systems of the US courts - unannounced regime change?
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&1* .n (enera%. /he c%erk must keep a recor- kno7n as the Acivi% -ocketB in the
3orm an- manner prescri2e- 2 the 1irector o3 the "-ministrative )33ice o3 the
4nite- States ,ourts 7ith the approva% o3 the 5u-icia% ,on3erence o3 the 4nite-
States. /he c%erk must enter each civi% action in the -ocket. "ctions must 2e
assigne- consecutive 3i%e num2ers9 7hich must 2e note- in the -ocket 7here the
3irst entr o3 the action is ma-e.
&2* .tems to 2e Entere-. /he 3o%%o7ing items must 2e marke- 7ith the 3i%e
num2er an- entere- chrono%ogica%% in the -ocketH
&"* papers 3i%e- 7ith the c%erkP
&+* process issue-9 an- proo3s o3 service or other returns sho7ing executionP
an-
&,* appearances9 or-ers9 ver-icts9 an- ju-gments.
"s -ocumente- in instant su2mission9 the un-er P",E$ an- ,F/E,89 the -ockets are
no %onger kept 2 the c%erks o3 the courts or persons9 authorize- 2 them. Foreover9
the c%erks o3ten re3use to accept the 3i%ing an-/or recor- in the -ocket papers9 7hich
provi-e evi-ence o3 ju-icia% corruption9 as 7e%% as process issue-9 an- proo3s o3
service or other returns sho7ing execution &e.g.9 summonses*.
1. Authentication and certi)ication o) >udicial records8 legal 3rocess under the
signature o) the clerB and the &eal o) the Court
/he 4S ,onstitution9 "rtic%e .L9 T19 -ec%aresH
8u%% 3aith an- cre-it sha%% 2e given in each state to the pu2%ic acts9 recor-s an-
ju-icia% procee-ings o3 ever other state. "n- congress ma 2 genera% %a7s
prescri2e the manner in 7hich such acts9 recor-s an- procee-ings sha%% 2e
prove-9 an- the e33ect thereo3.
/he "ct o3 Fa 209 17;=9 statesH
/hat the act o3 the %egis%atures o3 the severa% states sha%% 2e authenticate- 2
havig the sea% o3 their respective states a33ixe- theretoH /hat the recor-s an-
ju-icia% procee-ings o3 the courts o3 an state sha%% 2e prove- or a-mitte-9 in
an other court 7ithin the 4nite- States9 2 the attestation o3 the c%erk9 an- the
sea% o3 the court annexe-9 i3 there 2e a sea%9 together 7ith a certi3icate o3 the
ju-ge9 chie3 justice or presi-ing magistrate9 as the case ma 2e9 that the sai-
attestation is in -ue 3orm. "n- the sai- recor-s an- ju-icia% procee-ings9
authenticate- as a3oresai-9 sha%% have such 3aith an- cre-it given to them9 in
ever court 7ithin the 4nite- States9 as the have9 2 %a7 or usage9 in the courts
o3 the state 3rom 7hence the sai- recor-s are9 or sha%% 2e taken.
/he "ct o3 Farch 279 1N=69 statesH
/hat9 3rom an- a3ter the passage o3 this act9 a%% recor-s an- exemp%i3ications o3
o33ice 2ooks9 7hich are or ma 2e kept in an pu2%ic o33ice o3 an state9 not
appertaining to a court9 sha%% 2e prove- or a-mitte- in an other court or o33ice
in an other state9 2 the attestation o3 the keeper o3 the sai- recor-s or 2ooks9
an- the sea% o3 his o33ice thereto annexe-9 i3 there 2e a sea%9 together 7ith a
certi3icate o3 the presi-ing justice o3 the court o3 the count or -istrict9 as the
case ma 2e9 in 7hich such o33ice is or ma 2e kept or o3 the governor9 the
secretar o3 state9 the chance%%or or the keeper o3 the great sea% o3 the state9 that
the sai- attestation is in -ue 3orm9 an- 2 the proper o33icer an- the sai-
certi3icate9 i3 given 2 the presi-ing justice o3 a court9 sha%% 2e 3urther
authenticate- 2 the c%erk or prothonotar o3 the sai- court9 7ho sha%% certi39
un-er his han- an- the sea% o3 his o33ice9 that the sai- presi-ing justice is -u%
commissione- an- Gua%i3ie-P or i3 the sai- certi3icate 2e given 2 theP governor9
the secretar o3 state9 the chance%%or or keeper o3 the great sea%9 it sha%% 2e un-er
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the great sea% o3 the state in 7hich the sai- certi3icate is ma -e. "n- the sai-
procee-ings o3 the sai- court.
/he 4S %a79 2N S$ A ;B9; % Seal and teste of process, sasH
"%% 7rits an- process issuing 3rom a court o3 the 4nite- States sha%% 2e un-er the
sea% o3 the court an- signe- 2 the c%erk thereo3.
'o or-er o3 the 4S courts is issue- to-a un-er the sea% o3 the court an- un-er the
signature &either han--signature or e%ectronic signature* o3 the c%erk o3 the court.
"n- as sho7n a2ove9 in numerous cases9 a%so the summonses o3 the 4S courts are
issue- unsigne- an- 7ith no sea% o3 the court em2osse- on them.
'either is an ju-icia% recor- authenticate- through a ,erti3icate o3 Service 2earing
the signature o3 the c%erk o3 the court.
0. Electronic &ignatures in Glo#al and National Commerce Act (-CCC) and E4
Government Act (-CC-)
8rom Dikipe-ia9 CElectronic Signatures in Dlobal and 4ational $ommerce "ctCH
/he E%ectronic Signatures in (%o2a% an- 'ationa% ,ommerce "ct &ES.('9
Pu2.:. 1=0I22;9 116 Stat. 6069 enacte- 5une !=9 2===9 15 4.S.,. ch. ;0* is a
4nite- States 3e-era% %a7 passe- 2 the 4.S. ,ongress to 3aci%itate the use o3
e%ectronic recor-s an- e%ectronic signatures in interstate an- 3oreign commerce
2 ensuring the va%i-it an- %ega% e33ect o3 contracts entere- into e%ectronica%%...
"%though ever state has at %east one %a7 pertaining to e%ectronic signatures9 it is
the 3e-era% %a7 that %as out the gui-e%ines 3or interstate commerce. /he genera%
intent o3 the ES.(' "ct is spe%%e- out in the ver 3irst section &1=1.a*9 that a
contract or signature Ama not 2e -enie- %ega% e33ect9 va%i-it9 or en3orcea2i%it
so%e% 2ecause it is in e%ectronic 3ormB. /his simp%e statement provi-es that
e%ectronic signatures an- recor-s are just as goo- as their paper eGuiva%ents9 an-
there3ore su2ject to the same %ega% scrutin o3 authenticit that app%ies to paper
-ocuments.
/he stipu%ations o3 the E-Sign "ct in themse%ves are ina-eGuate9 an- to the -egree that
it app%ies to government recor-s9 such as recor-s o3 the 4S courts9 the "ct 7as never
promu%gate- in a meaning3u% 7a.
8rom Dikipe-ia9 EE%Dovernment "ct ,/88/)EH
/he E-(overnment "ct o3 2==2 &Pu2.:. 1=7I!679 110 Stat. 2N;;9 66 4.S.,. T
1=19 #.$. 265N/S. N=!*9 is a 4nite- States statute enacte- on 1ecem2er 179
2==29 7ith an e33ective -ate 3or most provisions o3 "pri% 179 2==!. .ts state-
purpose is to improve the management an- promotion o3 e%ectronic government
services an- processes 2 esta2%ishing a 8e-era% ,hie3 .n3ormation )33icer
7ithin the )33ice o3 Fanagement an- +u-get9 an- 2 esta2%ishing a 3rame7ork
o3 measures that reGuire using .nternet-2ase- in3ormation techno%og to improve
citizen access to government in3ormation an- services9 an- 3or other purposes.
/he statute inc%u-es 7ithin itH
• 8.SF" &the 8e-era% .n3ormation Securit Fanagement "ct o3 2==2 as /it%e
...9 an-
• ,.PSE" &the ,on3i-entia% .n3ormation Protection an- Statistica% E33icienc
"ct* as /it%e L.
.t is o2vious that a%% the 4S courts ju-icia% recor-s to-a are e%ectronic recor-s.
$egar-%ess9 the 2ear no va%i- han- or e%ectronic signatures. :ike7ise9 7hen such
recor-s are serve- on parties as paper recor-s9 the 2ear no va%i- han- or e%ectronic
signatures. "t times9 the recor-s 2ear scanne- graphic signatures o3 4S ju-ges.
#o7ever9 such signatures are neither va%i- han- signatures9 nor va%i- e%ectronic
signatures.
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/he e%ectronic recor-s o3 the 4S Supreme ,ourt 2ear no signatures at a%%. "n- 7hen
Supreme ,ourt recor-s 7ere inspecte-9 in the case o3 &ichard 'ine v Sheriff *ee
)aca9 no han- signatures 7ere -iscovere- in the paper 3i%e either. /here3ore9 it
remains unc%ear i3 an Supreme ,ourt ju-icia% recor-s are ever signe- at a%%.
,on-itions that to-a prevai% in the 4S courts stan- in stark contrast 7ith the %a7s
enacte- 2 4S ,ongress9 Presi-entia% 1irectives9 $egu%ations9 an- app%ications9
7hich have 2een presuma2% imp%emente- 3or authentication an- va%i-ation o3 e-
government in the 4nite- States.
'. Com3liance ?ith relevant treaties and conventions
)asel 'ccords - international ban#ing regulation
8rom Dikipe-ia E+ase% "ccor-sEH
/he +ase% "ccor-s &see a%ternative spe%%ings 2e%o7* re3er to the 2anking
supervision "ccor-s &recommen-ations on 2anking regu%ations*Z+ase% .9 +ase%
.. an- +ase% ...Zissue- 2 the +ase% ,ommittee on +anking Supervision
&+,+S*. /he are ca%%e- the +ase% "ccor-s as the +,+S maintains its
secretariat at the +ank 3or .nternationa% Sett%ements in +ase%9 S7itzer%an- an-
the committee norma%% meets there. /he +ase% "ccor-s is a set o3
recommen-ations 3or regu%ations in the 2anking in-ustr.
/he +ase% "ccor-s 7ere %arge% in3%uence- 2 the 4S government. #o7ever9
con-itions9 7hich 7ere esta2%ishe- in the 4nite- States9 re%ative to 2anking
regu%ation9 stan- in stark contrast 7ith such "ccor-s.
)n such 2ackgroun-9 the purporte- authorit that the 4S courts c%aim re%ative to
2anking institutions in other nations appear %u-icrous.
G. Retaliation against anti4>udicial corru3tion activists
=igre 2@4 An!i5,&di'ial 'orr&p!ion a'!ivis!, *logger ?oger $h&ler, a"!er *eing *ea!en and "alsel%
iprisoned in Ala*aa)
"s part o3 the protoco% o3 the 4' #uman $ights ,ounci% &#$,*9 the author9 then
citizen an- resi-ent o3 the 4nite- States9 7as reGuire- to 3or7ar- -ra3ts o3 the 2=1=
su2mission9 regar-ing corruption o3 the ,a%i3ornia courts9 to the 4S authorities.
,onseGuent%9 in "pri% 2=1=9 just the -as prior to the -ea-%ine 3or su2mitting the
report to the #$,9 the author 7as sought 2 the 4S Farsha%s9 1istrict /hreat 4nit.
Dithin -as a3ter 3i%ing the #uman $ights "%ert su2mission 7ith the #$, an- the
3%ing 7ith the 4S Supreme ,ourt o3 papers -ocumenting 3rau- in the 4S courts9 the
author ha- to 3%ee the 4nite- States9 a3ter his neigh2ors 7arne- him that arme- 3e-era%
agents appeare- at his resi-ence an- %ooke- eager to shoot.
H. Historical 3ers3ective 4 Ro##er Baron Revival Era.
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=ig&re 2A4 J(orpora!e PersonhoodJ is one o" !he 'on'ep! !ha! en'aps&la!es !he
!rans"ora!ion o" !he #$ regie and !he role o" 'o&r! 'orr&p!ion in s&'h !rans"ora!ion) I!
also poin!s o&! !he vas! siilari!% *e!+een !he '&rren! era and !he ?o**er Baron 7ra !ha!
"ollo+ed !he (ivil War)
,on-itions9 7hich have 2een esta2%ishe- in the 4nite- States over the past coup%e o3
-eca-es resem2%e con-itions9 7hich prevai%e- in the 4nite- States over a centur ago9
-uring the E$o22er +aron EraE9 >
%xii
? 3rom the en- o3 the ,ivi% Dar an- into the
2eginning o3 the 2=th centur an- the (reat 1epression.
/he perio- 7as characterize- 2 the 2ui%-up o3 extreme 7ea%th 2 a 3e79 an- the
impoverishment o3 the man. /he ne7 $o22er +arons o3ten the o7ners o3 rai%roa-
an- 2anking corporations. :a2or o3 men9 7omen9 an- chi%-ren 7as exp%oite- in
extreme 3ashion9 an- %a2or -isputes 7ere suppresse- through mur-erous vio%ence.
.n-epen-ent 3armers 7ere impoverishe-9 strang%e- 2 high interest -e2t to the 2anks9
%ea-ing to conso%i-ation o3 3arm%an- 2 the rich.
+anks an- rai%roa- corporations acte- as unregu%ate- trusts or monopo%ies9 an-
engage- in 3rau- in 3inancia% institutions an- the stock markets. "s a resu%t9 the 4S
econom 7as p%ague- 2 a series o3 3inancia% panics9 economic chaos9 7ith mi%%ions
o3 "mericans %osing jo2s9 3armers 2eing 3orce- o33 their %an-9 an- rai%roa-s9 2anks9
an- other 2usinesses going un-er.
,orruption o3 %oca%9 state9 an- 3e-era% government 7as rampant. /he presi-enc9
regar-%ess o3 part a33i%iation9 2ecame su2servient to the 2usiness magnets.
'ota2%9 the perio- 7as a%so characterize- 2 7i-esprea- corruption o3 the courts9 an-
corruption o3 the o33ices o3 the c%erks o3 the 4S courts 7as notorious. >
%xiii
? /he
$o22er +arons 7ere e33ective% p%ace- a2ove the %a7. ,on-uct o3 the 4S courts 7as
-escri2e- in the 4S ,ongerss as Ea 2ur%esGue an- a sham E9
/he Supreme ,ourt 7as con-ucive to increasing the po7er o3 the monopo%ies9
un-ermining their regu%ation 2 either the 3e-era% or state governments. + 1NN0 the
4S Supreme ,ourt issue- the -u2ious -ecision recor- in Santa $lara $ounty v!
Southern 0acific &ailroad I 11N 4.S. !;6 &1NN0*9 7hich %e- to E,orporate
Personhoo-E. /his -ecision shou%- 2e consi-ere- an ear% examp%e o3 a simu%ate-
Supreme ,ourt recor-. /he part pertaining to E,orporate Personhoo-E 7as not part o3
the -ecision 2 the justices itse%39 2ut a hea-note 2 a court reporter. E,orporate
Personhoo-E an- practices o3 the 4S Supreme ,ourt ma-e corporations 2 3ar the
primar 2ene3iciar o3 the E1ue ProcessE 16th "men-ment9 7hich 7as origina%%
enacte- to protect the rights o3 the 3ree- s%aves.
"ccor-ing to a historica% stu- 2 8e-era% 5u-icia% ,enter9 the Salary "ct &1;1;* 7as
centra% to re3orm o3 the 4S courts. /he "ct p%ace- the chie3 c%erks o3 the 4S courts
un-er the -irect authorit o3 the 4S "ttorne (enera%. )ther kes to the re3orm 7as
the appointment o3 Supreme ,ourt justices that 3avore- the restriction o3 corporate
po7er9 such as +enjamin ,ar-ozo9 kno7n 3or Epiercing the vei% o3 corporate
structuresE9 an- :ouis +ran-eis9 7ho 7as a proponent o3 2anking regu%ation9 kno7n
3or his 2ook E)ther Peop%e@s FoneE. "n- et9 passage o3 major re3orms as part o3
$ooseve%t@s 'e7 1ea% 7as 2%ocke- 2 the 4S Supreme ,ourt9 unti% the Supreme
,ourt 7as -irect% 3ace- 7ith the E,ourt PackingE threat.
:ater in 2=th centur9 the provisions o3 the Salary "ct 7ere reverse-9 an- the chie3
c%erks o3 the 4S courts 7ere again p%ace- un-er authorit o3 the 4S ju-iciar. "n- as
-ocumente- in instant su2mission9 corruption o3 the o33ices o3 the chie3 c%erks9 an-
the resu%ting corruption o3 court recor-s9 is again a ha%%mark o3 the 4S courts to-a.
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.n 1;;; the Dlass%Steagall "ct &1;!!*9 corner stone in 3inancia% institutions regu%ation
-uring the (reat 1epression9 7as repea%e- un-er heav %o22ing 2 3inancia%
institutions. >
%xiv
? /he repea% o3 Dlass Steagall is perceive- among the major -irect
causes o3 the current 3inancia% crisis. >
%xv
?
/o-a9 E,orporate Personhoo-E is again centra% to con-itions in the 4nite- States as
7e%%. /he 2=1= ,itizens 4nite- -ecision o3 the Supreme ,ourt9 2ase- on E,orporate
Personhoo-E an- corporate 8irst "men-ment 8ree Speech rights9 un-ermine-
campaign 3inance regu%ation9 an- create- unprece-ente- po7er 3or corporations over
po%iticians an- po%itics in the 4nite- States. >
%xvi
? "s sho7n in instant su2mission9 the
,itizens 4nite- 2=1= case is marke- 2 simu%ate- court recor-s9 %ike the Santa ,%ara
case o3 1NN0. "n- in the recent #o22 :o22 -ecision9 a 3urther extension o3
,itizens 4nite-9 corporations 7ere grante- 8irst "men-ment 8ree-om o3 $e%igion
rights.
E,orporate Personhoo-E is a%so the 3ocus o3 current re3orm e33orts in the 4nite-
States. 8or examp%e9 the 2=12 )ccupFarines Press $e%ease summarize- their goa%s
inH a* $epea%ing o3 the '1""9 2* )verturning o3 ,itizens 4nite-9 an- c* Exposing
an- in-icting the 1[. >
%xvii
? "n- overturning ,itizens 4nite- is the sing%e cause o3 the
EFove to "men-E grass-root movement. >
%xviii
?
/he histor o3 re3orm o3 4S corporate corruption an- court corruption in the 3irst ha%3
o3 the 2=th centur -emonstrates the re%ationship 2et7een the t7o9 an- the magnitu-e
o3 the reGuire- e33orts. .t a%so points out that re3orm o3 the o33ices o3 chie3 c%erks o3
the 4S courts is a necessar 3irst step.
I. Conclusions
/he 3in-ings o3 instant su2mission ho%- serious imp%ications re%ative to the current
socio-economic crisis in the 4nite- States9 to 2anking regu%ation9 an- #uman $ights
o3 a%% resi-ents o3 the 4nite- States. Foreover9 -ue to the -ominant g%o2a% economic
position o3 the 4S9 an- its ongoing attempts to -ominate the g%o2a% 2anking an-
3inancia% sstems9 particu%ar% through the 4S court sstem9 >
%xix
9
%xx
? the 3in-ings a%so
have serious imp%ication 3or socio-economic -eve%opment 7or%--7i-e. :ike7ise9 the
3in-ings have serious imp%ications9 re%ative to the position o3 the 4S in various
internationa% -isputes an- con3%icts.
-) /hrough the imp%ementation an- operation o3 inva%i-9 3rau-u%ent ./ sstems9 the
4S courts to-a routine% con-uct o3 simu%ate- &3ake/sham* %itigation an- un%a7-
3u%% -eprive the %i2ert an- propert o3 in-ivi-ua%s an- p%ace the 2anks a2ove the
%a7.
2) Such con-uct amounts to serious vio%ation o3 3un-amenta% #uman $ights o3 the
peop%e o3 the 4nite- States.
3) Such con-uct is a%so centra% to the current socio-economic crisis9 3ai%ing 2anking
regu%ation9 an- the A8orec%osure ,risisB9 7hich resu%te- in vast increase in povert
an- home%essness in the 4nite- States an- un-ermine- the 4S mi--%e-c%ass.
4) /he va%i-it o3 an %ega% an- ju-icia% recor-s9 originating in the 4nite- States9 an-
the va%i-it o3 an %itigation in the 4S courts shou%- 2e consi-ere- -u2ious.
@) /he internationa% communit shou%- reassess the nature o3 the current regime in
the 4nite- States9 an- an c%aim that its 3oreign po%ic is -riven 2 #uman $ights
interests.
A) E33orts to a--ress con-itions9 7hich are no7 esta2%ishe- in the 4nite- States9 an-
to restore the 3orce an- e33ect o3 the 4S ,onstitution an- 4S %a79 are %ike% 2e
protracte- an- meet stark resistance 2 interests an- strongho%-s o3 4S securit9
%ega%9 an- 3inancia% groups.
2. Recommendations
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Emerging 3rom the current con-itions 7ou%- reGuire a 3un-amenta% corrective process
in the 4nite- States9 7here as a resu%t o3 current con-itions9 the po%itica% process is
un-ermine-H
-) /he %arge-sca%e 3rau- in the 4S courts9 7hich in 3act imp%icates each an- ever
4S sitting ju-ge9 7ou%- %ike% reGuire an approach simi%ar to a /ruth an-
$econci%iation ,ommission.
2) 1ue to the centra% ro%e o3 the "-ministrative )33ice o3 the 4S ,ourts in
imp%ementing the 3rau-u%ent ./ sstems o3 the 4S courts9 the )33ice shou%- 2e
restructure- or c%ose-.
3) Feasures9 simi%ar to those taken un-er simi%ar circumstances a centur ago
through the Salary "ct &1;1;*9 7hich p%ace- the c%erks o3 the 4S courts un-er the
-irect authorit o3 the "ttorne (enera%9 shou%- 2e consi-ere-.
4) 4S %ega% an- computing experts shou%- 2e engage- in an initiative to restore the
integrit o3 the ./ sstems o3 the 4S courts9 un-er accounta2i%it to the 4S
,ongress9 7ith the goa% o3 making such sstem as transparent to the pu2%ic at
%arge as possi2%e.
@) .n nations9 7here the separation o3 2ranches is esta2%ishe- 2 %a79 the courts
must not 2e permitte- to -eve%op9 an- imp%ement the courts@ ./ sstems.
A) #uman $ights an- internet activists must keep a 7atch3u% ee on the va%i-it an-
integrit o3 ./ sstems o3 the courts an- prisons.
<. Online A33endi6
/o 2e comp%ete-
"ugust 129 2=16
5oseph Cernik9 Ph1
Human Rights Alert (NGO)
,. Re)erences

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i
Zernik, J4 Be%ond vo!ing a'hines 5 'ase anageen! s%s!es o" !he 'o&r!s 5 $&s!ain and !he Ios Angeles $&perior
(o&r! Par! I
h!!p4//es)s'ri*d)'o/do'/--0477747/
Zernik, J4 Be%ond ele'!roni' vo!ing a'hines 5 "ra&d in 'ase anageen! s%s!es o" !he 'o&r!s 5 $&s!ain and !he Ios
Angeles $&perior (o&r! 5 Par! II
h!!p4//es)s'ri*d)'o/do'/--047@0B7/
Zernik, J4 Be%ond vo!ing a'hines 5 'ase anageen! s%s!es o" !he 'o&r!s 5 $&s!ain 5 (<$ o" !he Ios Angeles
$&perior (o&r! 5 A*s!ra'! and =ig&res s
h!!p4//es)s'ri*d)'o/do'/30-A2FF0/
Zernik, J4 (op&!ers T !he (o&r!s 5 $&s!ain 5 (<$ o" !he Ios Angeles $&perior (o&r! 5 ?egis!ers o" A'!ion
h!!p4//es)s'ri*d)'o/do'/30-A24A-/
ii
Zernik, J4 Da!a <ining as a (ivi' D&!% E Online P&*li' PrisonersH ?egis!ra!ion $%s!es,
International )ournal on Social -edia. -onitoring/ -easurement/ -ining -4 F45BA .20-00
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3F32F@B-/
iii
>&an ?igh!s Aler! .9CO0 s&*ission !o !he #ni!ed 9a!ions >&an ?igh!s (o&n'il "or !he #P? o" !he #ni!ed $!a!es
.20-00, as i! appears in !he #ni!ed 9a!ions >&an ?igh!s (o&n'il si!e
>TTP4//li*)oh'hr)org/>?Bodies/#P?/Do'&en!s/sessionB/#$/>?Aler!R#P?R#$AR$0BR20-0R>&anU20righ!s
U20aler!-)ppd"
>&an ?igh!s Aler! .9CO0 A ppendix I !o s&*ission "or !he #P? o" !he #ni!ed $!a!es *% !he #ni!ed 9a!ions
>&an ?igh!s (o&n'il
h!!p4//li*)oh'hr)org/>?Bodies/#P?/Do'&en!s/sessionB/#$/>?Aler!R#P?R#$AR$0BR20-0R>&anU20righ!s
U20aler!-)pd"
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/2B@A4374/
#ni!ed 9a!ions >&an ?igh!s (o&n'il Pro"essional $!a"" ?epor!, re"erring !o >&an ?igh!s Aler! s&*ission +i!h !he
no!e J'orr&p!ion o" !he 'o&r!s and !he legal pro"ession and dis'riina!ion *% la+ en"or'een! in (ali"orniaJ .page A,
paragraph 4@0
h!!p4//da''ess5dds5n%)&n)org/do'/#9DO(/C79/C-0/-AB/A@/PD=/C-0-ABA@)pd"VOpen7leen!
iv
>&an ?igh!s Aler! .9CO0 s&*ission !o !he #ni!ed 9a!ions >&an ?igh!s (o&n'il "or !he #P? o" !he $!a!e o" Israel
.20-30, as i! appears in !he #ni!ed 9a!ions >&an ?igh!s (o&n'il si!e4
The >&an ?igh!s Aler! .9CO0 s&*ission .20-30 "or !he #niversal Periodi' ?evie+ o" israel *% !he #9 >&an ?igh!s
(o&n'il, as i! appears on !he #9 +e* si!e
h!!p4//li*)oh'hr)org/>?Bodies/#P?/Do'&en!s/$ession-@/II/>?AR#P?RI$?R$-@R20-2R>&an?igh!sAler!R7)pd"
20-350-50- The >&an ?igh!s Aler! .9CO0 s&*ission, as in'orpora!ed in!o !he #9 >&an ?I!gh!s (o&n'il #P? repror!
+i!h !he no!e JIa'k o" in!egri!% in !he ele'!roni' re'ords o" !he $&pree (o&r!, !he dis!ri'! 'o&r!s and !he de!ainees 'o&r!s
in IsraelJ .page 4, paragraph 2@0
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20-250@5-0 >&an ?igh! Aler!, Appendix I !o $&*ission1 -@!h #P? 5 $!a!e o" Israel 5 JIn!egri!%, or la'k !hereo", o" !he
ele'!roni' re'ord s%s!es o" !he 'o&r!s o" !he $!a!e o" IsraelJ
h!!ps4//drive)google)'o/"ile/d/0BFAa2xWC*k@',9xd2s;X0@o<k#/edi!V&spYsharing
v
Biographi'al $ke!'h E Joseph Zernik, PhD
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/4A42---3/
vi
20--5-050@ Tea Par!% and Ii*erals 'onvene a! >I$ !o dis'&ss (ons!i!&!ional (onven!ion .video0
h!!p4//!oda%)la+)harvard)ed&/!ea5par!%5and5li*erals5'onvene5a!5hls5!o5dis'&ss5'ons!i!&!ional5'onven!ion5video/
vii
JIa+ren'e Iessig8s 'all "or s!a!e5*ased a'!ivis on *ehal" o" a (ons!i!&!ional (onven!ion 'o&ld provide !he &proo!ed
oveen! +i!h a poli!i'al pro,e'! "or +in!erJ
20--5--5-7 Alesh >o&dek, J>as a >arvard Pro"essor <apped O&! !he 9ex! $!ep "or O''&p% Wall $!ree!VJ) The Atlantic
h!!p4//+++)!hea!lan!i')'o/poli!i's/ar'hive/20--/--/has5a5harvard5pro"essor5apped5o&!5!he5nex!5s!ep5"or5o''&p%5+all5
s!ree!/247@A-/
viii
20-35075-B Al*er!o ?iva, Ji% (ar!er4 #$ 6has no "&n'!ioning deo'ra'%:, Salon
h!!p4//+++)salon)'o/20-3/07/-F/,i%R'ar!erR&sRhasRnoR"&n'!ioningRdeo'ra'%Rpar!ner/
ix
JIn a spee'h in Ceorge!o+n #niversi!%, $ena!or Ieah%, (hair o" !he $ena!e J&di'iar% (oi!!ee 'alled "or a JTr&!h
and ?e'on'ilia!ion (oissionJ on !he #$ Depar!en! o" J&s!i'e)
200B5 Trans'rip! o" $ena!or Ieah% spee'h
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3F4722@-/
x
20--50B500 $overeign (i!i;ens 5 A Cro+ing Does!i' Threa! !o Ia+ 7n"or'een!, F#I
http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/law-enforcement-bulletin/september-2011/sovereign-
citizens
xi
20-05 John Nerse%, The =reean on !he Iand <oveen!4 Crass ?oo!s Ii*er!arianis in A'!ion, Li'ertarian Alliance
h!!p4//+++)li*er!arian)'o)&k/V3Ynode/-
xii
Well ?eg&la!ed Aeri'an <ili!ias
h!!p4//+rasi!e)'o/VxgRso&r'eYsgResRne!+ork
xiii
20-45075-0 B&nd% ran'h s!ando"" Pinvigora!edH an!i5governen! gro&ps, repor! sa%s, *ashington +ost
h!!p4//+++)+ashing!onpos!)'o/ne+s/pos!5na!ion/+p/20-4/07/-0/*&nd%5ran'h5s!ando""5invigora!ed5an!i5governen!5
gro&ps5repor!5sa%s/
xiv
JI !hink i!8s di""i'&l! !o "ind a "ra&d o" !his si;e on !he #)$) 'o&r! s%s!e in #)$) his!or%,J said ?a%ond Bres'ia, a visi!ing
pro"essor a! Gale Ia+ $'hool +ho has +ri!!en ar!i'les anal%;ing !he role o" 'o&r!s in !he "inan'ial 'risis) JI 'an8! !hink o"
one +here %o& have li!erall% !ens o" !ho&sands o" "ra&d&len! do'&en!s "iled in !ens o" !ho&sands o" 'ases)J
20--5-2522 $'o! Pal!ro+, J$pe'ial ?epor!4 The +a!'hdogs !ha! didn8! *arkJ, Reuters
h!!p4//+++)re&!ers)'o/ar!i'le/20--/-2/22/&s5"ore'los&res5id#$T?77BI0<(20---222
xv
J)))a s%s!e in +hi'h onl% !he li!!le people have !o o*e% !he la+, +hile !he ri'h, and *ankers espe'iall%, 'an 'hea! and
de"ra&d +i!ho&! 'onse3&en'es)J
20--5035-3 Pa&l Nr&gan, JAno!her Inside Jo*J, 01T
h!!p4//+++)n%!ies)'o/20--/03/-4/opinion/-4kr&gan)h!lVRrY0
xvi
J<ore !han -00 la+ pro"essors have signed on !o a le!!er released !oda% !ha! proposes 'ongressional hearings and
legisla!ion aied a! "ashioning Janda!or% and en"or'ea*leJ e!hi's r&les "or $&pree (o&r! ,&s!i'es "or !he "irs! !ie) The
e""or!, 'oordina!ed *% !he li*eral Allian'e "or J&s!i'e, +as !riggered *% Jre'en! edia repor!s,J !he le!!er said, apparen!l%
re"erring !o s!ories o" ee!ings and o!her po!en!ial 'on"li'!s o" in!eres! involving J&s!i'es An!onin $'alia and (laren'e
Thoas aong o!hers)J
20--502524 Blog o" !he Iegal Ties
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xvii
20--504507 J=ore'los&re "ra&d4 The hoeo+ner nigh!ares 'on!in&eJ, Fortune
h!!p4//"or!&ne)'o/20--/04/07/"ore'los&re5"ra&d5!he5hoeo+ner5nigh!ares5'on!in&e/
xviii
20-250-507 Cre!'hen <orgenson, 6=ro 7as! and Wes!, =ore'los&re >orror $!ories:, 9e+ Gork Ties
h!!p4//+++)n%!ies)'o/20-2/0-/0F/*&siness/or!gage5servi'ing5horror5s!ories5"air5gae)h!lVpage+an!edYallTRrY0
xix
Zernik, J4 =ra&d and (orr&p!ion in #$ (o&r!s are Tigh!l% Iinked !o Banking =ra&d and !he Clo*al 7'onoi' (risis 5
-A
!h
World (riinolog% (ongress presen!a!ion.20--0
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/A-3@-@A2/
xx
Zernik, J4 Da!a <ining o" Online J&di'ial ?e'ords o" !he 9e!+orked #$ =ederal (o&r!s, In!erna!ional Jo&rnal on $o'ial
<edia4 <oni!oring, <eas&reen!, <ining, -4AB5F3 .20-00
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/3F32F@F@/
xxi
Zernik, J4 Invalid 7le'!roni' ?e'ord $%s!es o" !he $!a!e and =ederal #$ (o&r!s E 7na*lers o" >&an ?igh!s A*&se
and !he =inan'ial (risis E (GB7?IAW 20-3 paper E peer5revie+ed and a''ep!ed, !hen re,e'!ed adinis!ra!ivel%)
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/--704040-/
xxii
20-0503524 #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia4 (</7(= J#no""i'ialJ Anderson <an&al) 9o O""i'ial <an&al
exis!ed)
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/2FFAB@33/
xxiii
O""i'ial <an&al o" !he 7as!ern Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia
h!!p4//+++)'aed)&s'o&r!s)gov/'aed/DO(#<79T$/(<7(=/#ser<an&al)pd"
xxiv
O""i'ial <an&al o" !he $o&!hern Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia
h!!p4//+++)'asd)&s'o&r!s)gov/'e'"/pd"/$D(AR#sersRan&al)pd"
xxv
(opila!ions o" Io'al ?&les o" #)$) Dis!ri'! (o&r!s
h!!p4//do's)google)'o/vie+erVaYvT3Y'a'he4<xhAi!9-ZekJ4+es!)!hoson)'o/s!ore/"ilingandshelvingdo+nload)aspx
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U3D-2B42R200F32BR-3@333)pd"Znor!hernZdis!ri'!Zo"ZillinoisZ'/e'"Zan&alThlYenTglY&sTpidY*lTsr'idYADC77$i*X
A"5WNk*kvW7DBAJ933(Gs2lI>ODIIT9o
xxvi
20-0503524 #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia4 (</7(= J#no""i'ialJ Anderson <an&al) 9o O""i'ial <an&al
exis!ed)
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/2FFAB@33/
xxvii
20-050450- #ni!ed $!a!es Dis!ri'! (o&r! "or !he Wes!ern Dis!ri'! o" Texas,Adinis!ra!ive Poli'ies and Pro'ed&res "or
7le'!roni' =iling
h!!p4//+++)!x+d)&s'o&r!s)gov/e'"/do's/e"ilepro'd)pd"
xxviii
200F502507 #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r! (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia4 Ceneral Order 0F502
http://www.scrib.com/oc/2!"#2$!1/
xxix
20--50-507 Zernik,J <o!ion !o In!ervene in Log "a'in Re%u'licans v USA et al.-05@AA340in !he #$ (o&r! o" Appeals,
B!h (ir'&i!
http://www.scrib.com/oc/$"%1"0#$/
xxx
200F50350@ (ase o" Borro+er Willia Parsle% .0@5B03740, Dk! S24F4 J&dge Je"" Boh8s <eorand& Opinion,
re*&king (o&n!r%+ide8s li!iga!ion pra'!i'es, (o&n!r%+ide8s "alse o&!side 'o&nsel s'hee 5 appearan'es *% 'o&nsel +ho
are no! (o&nsel o" ?e'ord, +i!h Jno 'o&ni'a!ions +i!h 'lien!sJ 'la&se4
http://www.scrib.com/oc/2%001&""/
xxxi
20-050B50B $e'&ri!ies and 7x'hange (oission, J=OIA ?esponse 9o -0503BA45=OIA, ?74 S" v #an$ of America
"or%oration .-40B5'v50AF2B0J
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/4AA0F@@B/
xxxii
20-35-0524 #$4 PA(7? "ra&d, diappearing re'ords 5 T$A li!iga!ionR In"or+ars
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/-7B0B4A7@/
xxxiii
20-450450B Tai!; v (olvin .-4-35'v50-F7F0 in !he #)$) Dis!ri'! (o&r! Dis!ri'! o" <ar%land E re'ords disappeared "ro
PA(7? do'ke!Q
http://www.scrib.com/oc/211"$2&&'/
xxxiv
20--50452@ Da"na Iin;er, JIn Ci!o Opinion, T+o Kersions o" ?eali!%J, +ro+u'lica
http://www.propublica.org/article/in-gitmo-opinion-two-versions-of-realit(
xxxv
Zernik, J4 >a*eas (orp&s in !he #ni!ed $!a!es 5 !he 'ase o" ?i'hard Isaa' =ine 5 ?evie+
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/2472B0F4/
xxxvi
-BBB500500 #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia, Cenral Order BB507 5 (er!i"i'a!ion as !o Par!ies
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/4430A3-B/
xxxvii
20-05035-B P) (arri;osa, 6?74 7ngageen! o" A!!orne% <'(ori'k in Fine v Sheriff .240B5'v50-B-40 in !he #$
Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia:, Ie!!er on *ehal" o" !he (ali"ornia J&di'ial (o&n'il
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/2FA4@@22/
xxxviii
Zernik, J)4 JDesign and Opera!ion o" In"ora!ion $%s!es o" !he #$ (o&r!s are Iinked !o =ailing Banking
?eg&la!ionJ, Da!a Anal%!i's 20-2, Bar'elona, $pain
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/-00A23333/
xxxix
Zernik, J)4 $e'&ri!ies and 7x'hange (oission v Bank o" Aeri'a (orpora!ion 5 $i&la!ed Ii!iga!ion and
$i&la!ed Banking ?eg&la!ion in !he #ni!ed $!a!es
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/44AA3232/
xl
200F50B524 =BI Inves!iga!es =o&r =irs a! >ear! o" !he =inan'ial <ess, Truthout
h!!p4//!r&!h5o&!)org/ar'hive/'oponen!/k2/i!e/F02@04"*i5inves!iga!es5"o&r5"irs5a!5hear!5o"5!he5"inan'ial5ess
xli
20-25035-@ $!a!een! o" ?o*er! $) <&eller, III, =BI Dire'!or, *e"ore !he #ni!ed $!a!es $ena!e, (oi!!ee on
Appropria!ions, $&*'oi!!ee on (oer'e, J&s!i'e, $'ien'e and ?ela!ed Agen'ies
h!!p4//+++)appropria!ions)sena!e)gov/si!es/de"a&l!/"iles/hearings/<&ellerU20Tes!ion%U20=I9AI)pd"
xlii
200B504523 ?74 S" v #A" .-40B5'v50AF2B0 $!a!e o" 9e+ Gork A!!orne% Ceneral Andre+ (&oo Ie!!er !o #$
(ongress and anal%s!s8 responses4
http://www.scrib.com/oc/$10!&&&0/
xliii
20--5045-3 Cre!'hen <orgenson, J9aing (&lpri!s in !he =inan'ial (risisJ, 01T
http://www.n(times.com/2011/0$/1$/business/1$crisis.html)pagewante*all
xliv
20--5045-3 #$ $ena!e $&*'oi!!ee on Inves!iga!ions, JWall $!ree! and !he =inan'ial (risis4 Ana!o% o" a =inan'ial
(ollapseJ
http://www.n(times.com/interactive/2011/0$/1$/business/1$crisis-ocviewer.html
xlv
20--5045-4 Cre!'hen <orgenson, JIn =inan'ial (risis, 9o Prose'&!ions o" Top =ig&resJ, 01T
http://www.n(times.com/2011/0$/1$/business/1$prosecute.html)pagewante*all+,r*0
xlvi
20-350350A <ark Conglo"", J7ri' >older Adi!s $oe Banks Are J&s! Too Big To Prose'&!eJ, Huffington +ost
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/201#/0#/0"/eric-holer-ban-s-too-big,n,2'21!$1.html
xlvii
20-350350A Trans'rip! o" A!!orne% Ceneral 7ri' >older8s rearks *e"ore !he $ena!e J&di'iar% (oi!!ee, in +hi'h he
dis'&sses !he idea !ha! soe *anks are 8Too Big !o Jail8, American #an$er
h!!p4//+++)aeri'an*anker)'o/iss&es/-7FR4@/!rans'rip!5a!!orne%5general5eri'5holder5on5!oo5*ig5!o5,ail5-0@72B@5-)h!l
xlviii
The 'ople!e PA(7? do'ke! +i!h de!ailed anal%sis, addi!ional re'ords in li!iga!ion o" S" v #A" .-40B5'v50AF2B0,
and links !o os! o" !he re'ords in !he re"eren'e lis! *elo+, are provide in !he Online Appendix a!4
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/44AA3232/
xlix
20-25035-@ Zernik, J4 Ios Angeles $&perior (o&r! 5 +idespread 'orr&p!ion and re"&sal o" #$ governen! !o !ake
a'!ion, -A!h World (riinolog% (ongress presen!a!ion
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/A-3@-4AB/
l
20-050750A (oplain! =iled +i!h #$ A!!orne% O""i'e Ios Angeles Agains! <o%nihan Bank o" Aeri'a L9G$74BA(M
Br%an (ave IIP Alleging ?a'ke!eering
http://www.scrib.com/oc/##&!10&&/
li
20-05075-2 (oplain! "iled +i!h !he #$ A!!orne%8s O""i'e, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia, agains! #$ <agis!ra!e (arla
Woehrle and O!hers a! !he #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, (en!ral Dis!ri'! o" (ali"ornia, on P&*li' (orr&p!ion
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/34-B4403/
lii
20--50750A 6?e3&es! "iled *% Windsor and Zernik +i!h #$ A!!orne% Ceneral 7ri' >older "or ?evie+ o" In!egri!% o" P&*li'
A''ess and (ase <anageen! $%s!es o" !he #$ (o&r!s:, Human Rights Alert 20345
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/@B4F07-F/
liii
Zernik, J4 7viden'e o" +idespread 'orr&p!ion o" !he #$ 'o&r!s and proposed 'orre'!ive eas&res s&*i!!ed !o !he #$
>o&se o" ?epresen!a!ives
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/F@4F-@@@/
liv
20--50-5-0 ?e3&es! "or inves!iga!ion/ipea'hen! pro'eedings, in re4 #$ J&dge J7D ?ANO== and (lerk ?#BG
N?AJI(N, #$ Dis!ri'! (o&r!, $o&!hern Dis!ri'! o" 9e+ Gork, (ond&'! o" $e'&ri!ies and 7x'hange (oi!!ee v Bank o"
Aeri'a (orpora!ion .-40B5'v50AF2B0
http://www.scrib.com/oc/$""1"%#0/
lv
200F50350@ (ase o" Borro+er Willia Parsle% .0@5B03740, Dk! S24F4 J&dge Je"" Boh8s <eorand& Opinion,
re*&king (o&n!r%+ide8s li!iga!ion pra'!i'es, (o&n!r%+ide8s "alse o&!side 'o&nsel s'hee 5 appearan'es *% 'o&nsel +ho
are no! (o&nsel o" ?e'ord, +i!h Jno 'o&ni'a!ions +i!h 'lien!sJ 'la&se4
http://www.scrib.com/oc/2%001&""/
lvi
200F50-50F (ase o" Borro+er >ills .0-522@740 5 in !he #$ Bankr&p!'% (o&r!, 7as!ern Dis!ri'! o" Penns%lvania,
Pi!!s*&rgh) (o&n!r%+ide8s Three J?e'rea!ed Ie!!ersJ and a Trans'rip!
http://www.scrib.com/oc/2%00#$&$/
lvii
20-050452@ ?e3&es! and ?e"&sal o" Opinion Ie!!er *% >arvard Ia+ $'hool Dean <ar!ha <ino+ in re4 Alleged =ra&d in
PA(7? and (</7(=
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/304F@2FA/
lviii
Zernik, J4 Invalid 7le'!roni' ?e'ord $%s!es o" !he $!a!e and =ederal #$ (o&r!s E 7na*lers o" >&an ?igh!s A*&se
and !he =inan'ial (risis E (GB7?IAW 20-3 paper E peer5revie+ed and a''ep!ed, !hen re,e'!ed adinis!ra!ivel%)
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/--704040-/
lix
200B504520 =ine v $heri"" .240B5'v50-B-40 Dk! S2 9o!i'e o" ?e"eren'e !o <agis!ra!e (arla Woehrle
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/44203247/
lx
200B50A5-2 =ine v $heri"" .240B5'v50-B-40 Dk! S2A 5 ?epor! and ?e'oenda!ion *% #$ <agis!ra!e (arla Woehrle
h!!p4//+++)s'ri*d)'o/do'/43BB2-F7/
lxi
20-450-50A Joseph Zernik, JD&pli'i!o&s #$ ,&dges4 Jed ?ako"", ?i'hard IeonJ, 4%d0e6s(com
htt%.77666(o%edne6s(com7articles787Du%licitous-US-9udges-)ed-'y-)ose%h-,erni$-#an$ing-"rime:#an$ing-
"risis:#an$ing-Fraud:"orru%tion-;<=;=>-?@8(html
lxii
>o+ard Zinn, J(hap!er --4 ?o**er Barons and ?e*elsJ, in4 People8s >is!or% o" !he #ni!ed $!a!es)
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lxiii
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