Promises and Warnings of God to the Jews Torah's Covenants are eternal "The Jews still remain most

dear to God because of their fathers, for He does not repent of the gifts He makes, nor of the calls He issues." "Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill" (Matthew 5:17). «‫.ل تظنوا أني جئت لنقض الناموس أو النبياء. ما جئت لنق َ بل لكمل‬ َ ّ َ ُ ْ َ ‫َ َ ُ ّ َ ّ ِ ْ ُ َ ْ ُ َ ّ ُ َ َ ِ َ ْ ِ َ َ َ ِ ْ ُ َ ْ ُض‬ Later (Matthew 5:8), Jesus announces that the messiah rejected by Israel will be accepted by the pagans. Repeated in the parable of the "vineyard and the husbandmen" (Matthew 21:33-45): Those who did not know how to bring to fruition the advantages received from God would lose their privileged position, which would pass over to the pagans. The advent of Jesus signifies for the Jews the end of "closeness." Jesus’ attack against the Pharisees and the Jewish leaders at the time of the trial, condemnation and crucifixion (Matthew 23:25-39) was extremely harsh: "Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For ye make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and excess. Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity." Thus Jesus’ cry of anger and cursing (Matthew 23:37-39): "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chicks under her wings, and ye would not! Behold, your house is left unto you desolate." "Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, and consulted that they might take Jesus by surprise, and kill him (Matthew 26:3)."

The Roman governor, Pontius Pilate, "washed his hands" of Christ's fate. "I am innocent of the blood of this just person," he cried to the Jews, "see ye to it." And the people replied in unison: "His blood be on us, and on our children (Matthew 27:24-26)." The story concludes with the final insult from the Jews: they refuse to believe the announcement of Jesus’ resurrection and spread the word that the body of Christ has been stolen and hidden by his followers. Matthew comments: "This saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day." The Gospel of Mark follows the same pattern, with special emphasis on Christ's battle against the "legalism" of the Jewish leaders at the time. In Luke, the theory of "replacement" becomes more clear-cut. In the Gospel according to John - believed to have been written around 100 C.E., about 40 years after the first three Gospels - the distance between Judaism and the words of Jesus is even greater. "I am the son of the Father - ye are from beneath; I am from above; ye are of this world; I am not of this world," he said to the unbelieving Jews, adding: "I bear record of myself, yet my record is true: for I know whence I came, and whither I go - I am one that bear witness of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth witness of me." (John 8:13-24). .‫ال لم يره أحد قط. البن الوحيد الذي هو في حضن الب هو خبر‬ َ َّ َ ُ ِ ِ ْ ِ ِ َ ُ ِ ّ ُ ِ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ّ َ ٌَ َ َُ َ ْ َ ُ َ The unbridgeable gap The gap was by now unbridgeable. Jesus purports to be the messenger of God, his father, and the Jews reply that they already have a god and have no need of another. The clash is inevitable and is even more pronounced in Acts, where the universalism of the new religion open to the pagans contradicts Judaism's traditional particularism. The apostles appealed to the "uncircumcised," inviting them not to respect the laws of kashrut, preaching that the Holy Spirit can come to anyone who has "the will and spirit to attend." Paul found partial consolation in affirming that the "fall" of the Jews, who were "incapable" of recognizing God in Christ, was to the benefit of the

pagans, who were now given the opportunity to inherit the salvation that was once the Jews' exclusive province. The new Church was "inserted" in place of that which had existed since the time of Moses. "the God of the New and Old Testaments is one and the same," that Jesus "was born of a Jewish mother," that the early Church consisted entirely of Jews, that not all Jews are responsible for the death of Jesus, and that they are not eternally "cursed." "The Church cannot forget that she received the revelation of the Old Testament through the people with whom God, in his inexpressible mercy, deigned to establish the ancient covenant. The Church recalls, too, that from the Jewish people sprang the apostles, the Church's foundation stones and pillars, as well as most of the early disciples who proclaimed Christ to the world." The text (Nostra Aetate, October 28, 1965) admits that the Jews did not recognize Jesus, but confirms that "the Jews still remain most dear to God because of their fathers, for he does not repent of the gifts he makes, nor of the calls he issues." An end was thus put to the ancient accusation of deicide - murdering God. The "crime" of deicide was now limited to the few who were directly involved in the trial and sentencing of Jesus 2,000 years ago, not the entire generation alive at the time, and certainly not their descendants. Christians must accept the fact that elements of "the Old Testament retain their own perpetual value," highlighting again that one had not canceled the other, "while both Old and New illumine and explain each other. Christianity and Judaism are linked together at the very level of their identity. Understanding the Jews, helps us to understand ourselves. Old Testament is harmoniously integrated into the church, being "relevant not only for the Jews, but also touching personally upon all of us." It is a total embrace.

Jesus was and always remained a Jew; his ministry was deliberately limited to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. Why they never followed him remains a mystery hidden with God. Torah's Covenants are eternal Covenant with Abraham and his offspring is eternal: Genesis 15:18: In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates. ِ ْ ّ َِ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ َ ْ َ ِ ِ ِ ْ ُ َ ِْ َ ِ ً ِ َ ً َ ِ َ َ ْ َ َ َ ّ ّ َ َ َ ِ ْ َ ْ َ ِ ِ ‫في ذلك اليوم قطع الرب مع أبرام ميثاقا قائل: »لنسلك أعطي هذه الرض، من نهر مصر إلى النهر‬ ِ َ ُ ْ ِ ْ َ ِ ِ ‫ْك‬ ‫.ال َبير، نهر الفرات‬ Genesis 17:7-9: I will establish my covenant between me and you, and your offspring after you throughout their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your offspring after you. And I will give to you, and to your offspring after you, the land where you are now an alien, all the land of Canaan, for a perpetual holding; and I will be their God." God said to Abraham, "As for you, you shall keep my covenant, you and your offspring after you throughout their generations. ْ ِ ‫َُ ِ ُ َ ْ ِ َ ْ ِ َ َ ْ َ َ َ َ ْ َ َ ِْ َ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ َ ِ َ ْ َ ِ ِ ْ َ ْ ً َ َ ِ ّ َ ُ َ ِ ً َ َ َِ َ ِْك‬ ‫وأقيم عهدي بيني وبينك، وبين نسلك من بعدك في أجيالهم، عهدا أبديا، لكون إلها لك ولنسل َ من‬ ‫َ ْد َ َُ ْ ِ َ َ َِ َ ِْ َ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ َ َ ْ َ ُ ْ َ ِ َ ُ ّ َ ْ ِ َ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ً َ َ ِ ّ ََ ُ ُ ِ َ ُ ْ َ َ ل‬ َ ‫بع ِك. وأعطي لك ولنسلك من بعدك أرض غربتك، كل أرض كنعان ملكا أبديا. وأكون إلههم«. وقا‬ ْ ِ ِ َ ْ َ ِ َ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ َ ُْ َ َ َ ْ َ ِ ْ َ ُ َ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ ّ ََ ‫.ا ُ لبراهيم: »وأما أنت فتحفظ عهدي، أنت ونسلك من بعدك في أجيالهم‬ ِ َ ِْ ‫ل‬ Sinai Covenant with Israel (and its resident aliens) is eternal: Numbers 15:15 : As for the assembly, there shall be for both you and the resident alien a single statute, a perpetual statute throughout your generations; you and the [resident] alien shall be alike before the LORD. Deuteronomy 4; 35-40: To you it was shown so that you would acknowledge that the LORD is God; there is no other besides him. From heaven he made you hear his voice to discipline you. On earth he showed you his great fire, while you heard his words coming out of the fire. And because he loved your ancestors, he chose their descendants after them. He

brought you out of Egypt with his own presence, by his great power, driving out before you nations greater and mightier than yourselves, to bring you in, giving you their land for a possession, as it is still today. So acknowledge today and take to heart that the LORD is God in heaven above and on the earth beneath; there is no other. Keep his statutes and his commandments, which I am commanding you today for your own well-being and that of your descendants after you, so that you may long remain in the land that the LORD your God is giving you for all time. ْ َ ِ َ ْ ِ ْ ِ ِ َ ِ َ ْ ِ ِ ّ ُ ِ ِ ِ َ ْ َ ِ َ َ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ ْ ُ َْ َ َ َ ْ َ َ ‫َ َ ْ ِ َ ّ ُ َ َ ّ َ ء‬ ‫ولجل أنه أحب آبا َك واختار نسلهم من بعدهم، أخرجك بحضرته بقوته العظيمة من مصر، 83 لكي‬ ِ َْ َ ِ ْ َ ْ َ ِ َ َ ً ِ َ ْ ُ َ ْ َ َ َ ِ ْ ُ َ َ ِ َ ِ ْ َ َ َ ْ ِ َ َ ْ ََ َ َ ْ َ ً ُ ُ َ ِ َ َ ْ ِ َ ُ ْ َ ‫يطرد من أمامك شعوبا أكبر وأعظم منك، ويأتي بك ويعطيك أرضهم نصيبا كما في هذا اليوم. فاعلم‬ .‫اليوْم وردد في قلبك أن الرب هو الله في السماء من فوق، وعلى الرض من أسفل. ليس سواه‬ ُ َ ِ َ ْ َ ُ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ َ ََ َ ُ ْ َ ْ ِ ِ َ ّ ِ ُ ِ َ ُ ّ ّ ّ َ َ َِْ ِ ْ ّ َ َ َ َْ ْ َ َِ َ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ َ ِ َ ْ َ ََِ َ ْ َِ َ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ِ َ ْ َ ْ َ ِ َ ِ ُ َ َ ِ ّ ُ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ِ َ َ ْ َ َ ‫واحْفظ فرائضه ووصاياه التي أنا أوصيك بها اليوم لكي يحسن إليك وإلى أولدك من بعدك، ولكي‬ ِ َ َ َِ َ ِ ْ ُ َ ُ ِ ّ ّ ‫.»تطيل أيامك على الرض التي الرب إلهك يعطيك إلى البد‬ ِ ّ ِ ْ َ ََ َ َ ّ َ َ ِ ُ Deuteronomy 29:29: The secret things belong to the LORD our God, but the revealed things belong to us and to our children forever, to observe all the words of this Law. 1 Chronicles 16:13-18: O offspring of his servant Israel, children of Jacob, his chosen ones. He is the LORD our God; his judgments are in all the earth. Remember his covenant forever, the word that he commanded, for a thousand generations, the covenant that he made with Abraham, his sworn promise to Isaac, which he confirmed to Jacob as a statute, to Israel as an everlasting covenant, saying, "To you I will give the land of Canaan as your portion for an inheritance." ‫يا ُرية إسرائيل عبده، وبني يعقوب مختاريه. هو الرب إلهنا. في كل الرض أحكامه. 51 اذكروا إلى‬ َِ ُ ُ ْ ُ ُ َ ْ َ ِ ْ َ ّ ُ ِ َ ُ ِ ّ ّ َ ُ ِ ِ َ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ َ ِ ََ ِ ِ ْ َ َ ِ َ ْ ِ َ ّّ ‫َ ذ‬ ْ ََ َ َ ْ ِ ُ َ َ ََ َ ِ َ ِْ َ َ ُ َ َ َ ِ ّ ‫البد عهده، الكلمة التي أوصى بها إلى ألف جيل. 61 الذي قطعه مع إبراهيم. وقسمه لسحاق. وقد‬ ِ ِ ْ َ َِ َ ِ َ ْ َ ِ ّ َ َ َِ ْ ُ َ ْ َ ِ َ َ ْ ُ ِ َ ِ َ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ ِ ْ ُ َ َ ً ِ َ ِّ َ َ ً ْ َ َ ِ َ ْ ِ َ ً َ ِ َ َ ُ ْ َ ِ ُ َ َ َ ‫.أقامه ليعقوب فريضة، ولسرائيل عهدا أبديا. قائل: لك أعطي أرض كنعان حبل ميراثكم‬ Isaiah 55:3 Incline your ear, and come to me; listen, so that you may live. I will make with you an everlasting covenant, my steadfast, sure love for David. َ َ ِ ّ َ ُ َ َ ِ َ َ ّ ِ َ َ ً ْ َ ْ ُ َ َ َ ْ ََ ْ ُ ُ ُ ْ َ َ ْ َ َ ُ َ ْ ّ َِ ّ َُ َ ْ ُ َ َ ُ ِ َ ‫.أميلوا آذانكم وهلموا إلي. اسمعوا فتحيا أنفسكم. وأقطع لكم عهدا أبديا، مراحم داود الصادقة‬

Isaiah 24:5 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant. Psalm 103:17-18: But the mercy of the LORD is from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children's children; To such as keep his covenant, and to those that remember his commandments to do them.

‫أما رحمة الرب فإلى الدهر والبد على خائفيه، وعدله على بني البنين، 81 لحافظي عهده وذاكري‬ ِ ِ َ َ ِ ِ ْ َ ِ ِ َ ِ َ ِ َ ْ ِ َ ََ ُ ُْ َ َ ِ ِ ِ َ ََ ِ َ َ َ ِ ْ ّ ََِ ّ ّ ُ َ ْ َ ّ َ ‫.وصاياه ليعملوها‬ َ َُ ْ َ ِ ُ َ َ َ

Psalm 105:6-11: O offspring of his servant Abraham, children of Jacob, his chosen ones. He is the LORD our God; his judgments are in all the earth. He is mindful of his covenant forever, of the word that he commanded, for a thousand generations, the covenant that he made with Abraham, his sworn promise to Isaac, which he confirmed to Jacob as a statute, to Israel as an everlasting covenant, saying, "To you I will give the land of Canaan as your portion for an inheritance." ِ ْ ّ َِ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ ْ َ ِ ْ َ ّ ُ ِ َ ُ ِ ّ ّ َ ُ ِ ِ َ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ َ ِ َ َ ِ ِ ْ َ َ ِ ْ ِ َ ّ ّ ُ َ ‫يا ذرية إبراهيم عبده، يا بني يعقوب مختاريه. هو الرب إلهنا في كل الرض أحكامه. ذكر إلى الدهر‬ ،‫عهده، كلما أوصى به إلى ألف دور، الذي عاهد به إبراهيم، َقسمه لسحاق، فثبته ليعقوب فريضة‬ ً َ ِ َ َ ُ ْ َ ِ ُ َ ّ َ َ َ ْ ِ ُ َ َ َ ‫َ ْ َ ُ َ َ ً َ ْ َ ِ ِ َِ َ ْ ِ َ ْ ٍ ّ ِ َ َ َ ِ ِ ِ ْ ِ َ و‬ ْ ُ ِ َ ِ َ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ ِ ْ ُ َ َ ً ِ َ ِّ َ َ ً ْ َ َ ِ َ ْ ِ َ ‫.»ولسرائيل عهدا أبديا، قائل: »لك أعطي أرض كنعان حبل ميراثكم‬ Exodus 31:16-17: Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant. It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever. ٌ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ْ ِ ِ َ َ ْ ََ ِ ْ َ َ ُ ِّ َ َ ً ْ َ ْ ِ ِ َ ْ َ ِ َ ْ ّ ‫فيحفظ بنو إسرائيل السبت ليصنعوا السبت في أجيالهم عهدا أبديا. هو بيني وبين بني إسرائيل علمة‬ ُ َْ َِ َ ْ ّ َ ِ َ ْ ِ َُ ُ َ ْ ََ َ ّ َ َ َ َ َ َ ْ ِ ّ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ َ َ ْ َ َ َ َ ّ ّ ّ َ َ َ ٍ ّ َ ِ ّ ِ ِ ُ ّ َ ِ َ َ َِ ‫.»إلى البد. لنه في ستة أيام صنع الرب السماء والرض، وفي اليوم السابع استراح وتنفس‬ It has been said (by Saint Paul in Christianity) that upon Messiah's arrival the prophecy of Jeremiah 31:31 will render the Torah Commandments (i.e. what Saint Paul calls "the Law" in Greek) obsolete.

«‫ها أيام تأتي، يقول الرب، وأقطع مع بيت إسرائيل ومع بيت يهوذا عهدا جديدا. ليس كالعهد الذي‬ ِ ّ ِ ْ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ ً ِ َ ً ْ َ َ ُ َ ِ ْ َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ َ َ َ ُ َ ْ ََ ّ ّ ُ ُ َ ِ ْ َ ٌ ّ َ َ ُ ُ َ ْ ُ ُْ َ َ َ ِ ْ َ ُ َ َ َ ِ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ ْ ُ َ ِ ْ ُ ْ ِ ِ َِ ْ ُ ُْ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ِ َ َ َ ُ ُْ َ َ ‫قطعته مع آبائهم يوم أمسكتهم بيدهم لخرجهم من أرض مصر، حين نقضوا عهدي فرفضتهم، يقول‬

‫الرب. بل هذا هو العهد الذي أقطعه مع بيت إسرائيل بعد تلك ا َيام، يقول الرب: أجعل شري َتي في‬ ِ ِ ‫ّ ّ َ ْ َ ُ َ ْ َ ْ ُ ّ ِ َ ْ َ ُ ُ َ َ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ َ ِ َ َ ْ َ ِ ْ َ لّ ِ َ ُ ُ ّ ّ َ ْ َ ُ َ ِ ع‬ ‫.داخلهم وأكتبها على قلوبهم، وأكون لهم إلها وهم يكونون لي شعبا‬ ً ْ َ ِ َ ُ ُ َ ْ ُ َ ً ِ ْ ُ َ ُ ُ ََ ْ ِ ِ ُُ ََ َ ُ ُ ْ ََ ْ ِ ِِ َ The prophecy of Jeremiah 31:31 does say that there will be a new Covenant, but it is very clear that the difference between the new and the old is only that in the new Covenant the same Laws will apply except that they will no longer have to be learned or taught because people will have them implanted in their hearts. Confirming that the Laws are still valid even into the Messianic Age, witness the following verses from the Torah, in which it is clear that even the ritual laws are still valid after the Kingdom of God is instated: Isaiah 56:1, 56:3, 56:6-8: "Thus says the Lord: Maintain justice, and do what is right, for soon my salvation will come, and my deliverance revealed. ... Do not let the foreigner joined to the Lord say "The Lord will surely separate me from his people" ... And the foreigners who join themselves to the Lord, to minister to him, to love the name of the Lord, and to be his servants, all who keep the sabbath, and do not profane it, and hold fast my covenant - these I will bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer; their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be accepted on my altar for my house shall be called a house of prayer for all peoples. Thus says the Lord God who gathers the outcasts of Israel: "I will gather others to them besides those already gathered."" God and the Jews Why does God seem to be so obsessed with the Jews? By Dr. David R. Reagan God loves the Jews, just like He loves all His creation. But there is certainly a sense in which Bible prophecy seems to focus upon the Jewish people. That's because God called the Jews to be His "chosen people" through whom He would accomplish His master plan for history (Deuteronomy 7:6). It was through the Jewish people that God gave the world His Word. And it was through the Jews that He sent the Messiah.

Deuteronomy 7:6 6 For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession. The Hebrew Scriptures say that the Jews were also chosen to be witnesses of God — of what it means to have a relationship with Him (Isaiah 43:1012). The history of Israel attests to the fact that when one is faithful to God, He blesses; when one is unfaithful, He disciplines; and when one repents, God forgives and forgets and begins to bless once again. Currently, the Jews are under God's discipline, but Bible prophecy tells us a day is coming when a great remnant of them will repent and receive Jesus as their Messiah (Zechariah 12:10). When that happens, God will make them the most exalted nation in the world (Isaiah 60-61:5). Jesus will live among them as King of kings (Ezekiel 43:7), and all of God's blessings to the nations will flow through them (Zechariah 8:22-23). Isaiah 43:10-12). 10 You are my witnesses,” declares the LORD, “and my servant whom I have chosen, so that you may know and believe me and understand that I am he. Before me no god was formed, nor will there be one after me. 11 I, even I, am the LORD, and apart from me there is no savior. 12 I have revealed and saved and proclaimed— I, and not some foreign god among you. You are my witnesses,” declares the LORD, “that I am God. Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a firstborn son.

Ezekiel 43:7 He said: “Son of man, this is the place of my throne and the place for the soles of my feet. This is where I will live among the Israelites forever. The house of Israel will never again defile my holy name—neither they nor their kings—by their prostitution and the lifeless idols of their kings at their high places. Zechariah 8:22-23 22 And many peoples and powerful nations will come to Jerusalem to seek the LORD Almighty and to entreat him.” 23 This is what the LORD Almighty says: “In those days ten men from all languages and nations will take firm hold of one Jew by the hem of his robe and say, ‘Let us go with you, because we have heard that God is with you.’ The Jews are also God's prophetic time clock. By this, I mean He often relates major future events to things that will happen to the Jews as a nation. Daniel's prophecy of the 70 weeks of years is a good example. Daniel says to watch for a decree that will allow the rebuilding of Jerusalem. He then states that 483 years after that decree is issued, the Messiah will come and die (Daniel 9:24-26). Daniel 9:24-26 Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy. 25 “Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’ It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble. 26 After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing. The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed. In the New Testament, we have another good example. Jesus told His disciples that a day would come when the Jews would be dispersed among all the nations of the world and Jerusalem would be trampled down by the

Gentiles. But then He added that when Jerusalem is no longer under Gentile control, He would return (Luke 21:24). Jesus was simply emphasizing a point that is made repeatedly in the Hebrew Scriptures — namely, that when the Jews are restored to their land to the city of Jerusalem, the Messiah will come (Zechariah 12:3, 6, 8-10 and 13:1). Luke 21:24 They will fall by the sword and will be taken as prisoners to all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.

Zechariah 12:3, 6, 8-10 On that day, when all the nations of the earth are gathered against her, I will make Jerusalem an immovable rock for all the nations. All who try to move it will injure themselves. 6 “On that day I will make the leaders of Judah like a firepot in a woodpile, like a flaming torch among sheaves. They will consume right and left all the surrounding peoples, but Jerusalem will remain intact in her place. 8 On that day the LORD will shield those who live in Jerusalem, so that the feeblest among them will be like David, and the house of David will be like God, like the Angel of the LORD going before them. 9 On that day I will set out to destroy all the nations that attack Jerusalem. 10 “And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a firstborn son. Zechariah 13:1 On that day a fountain will be opened to the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, to cleanse them from sin and impurity. Another reason for the prophetic focus upon the Jews is because God has promised that He will bring a great remnant to salvation during the final years of Daniel's 70 weeks of years. The Bible makes it clear that during the last half of the Tribulation, God will focus the wrath of the Antichrist upon

the Jews, bringing them to the end of themselves and motivating them to turn to God in repentance (Zechariah 12:10, Romans 9:27 and 11:25-26). Hasn't the disobedience of the Jews invalidated God's promises to them? Absolutely not. Or, to put it in the words of the apostle Paul, "May it never be!" (Romans 11:1). Ever since the Fourth Century, when the Church began to divorce itself from its Jewish heritage, the prevalent Christian view concerning the Jews has been that "God washed His hands of them" in the First Century when He poured out His wrath on Jerusalem and allowed the Jews to be dispersed worldwide. An accompanying doctrine that developed over the years is called "replacement theology." It is the idea that God replaced the Jews with the Church, that the Church has become the "new Israel," and that the Church has inherited all the blessings that were previously promised to the Jews. Needless to say, these ideas have served as a source of much of the anti-Semitism that has characterized the Church for the past 1600 years. The idea that God has "washed His hands of the Jews" is thoroughly unbiblical. In Jeremiah 31:36 God says the Jewish people will continue to be "a nation before Me forever." He emphasizes the point by saying they will continue as a special nation of people until the fixed order of the universe ceases, or until all the heavens and ocean depths have been measured (Jeremiah 31:36-37). In Isaiah 49:14-16 God uses a different metaphor to emphasize His devotion to Israel. He says that He has the nation inscribed on the palms of His hands! Isaiah 49:14-16 But Zion said, “The LORD has forsaken me, the Lord has forgotten me.” 15 “Can a mother forget the baby at her breast and have no compassion on the child she has borne? Though she may forget, I will not forget you!

16 See, I have engraved you on the palms of my hands; your walls are ever before me. There are three chapters in the New Testament that strongly emphasize the continuing love of God for the Jews. These three chapters have been despised and ignored (or spiritualized into meaninglessness) throughout much of Christian history. The chapters are Romans 9-11. In Romans 9:4 Paul writes that God still has covenants with the Jews which He promises to fulfill. He then makes it clear that the Jews who will receive the blessings are a great remnant that will be saved in the end times (Romans 9:27). Paul even specifically addresses the question of whether or not God has rejected the Jewish people. He asks, "God has not rejected His people has He?" (Romans 11:1). For 1600 years the Church has answered this question with an unqualified, "Yes!" But Paul answers it by saying, "May it never be!... God has not rejected His people whom he foreknew" (Romans 11:12). But what about their disobedience? What about their rejection of God as king of their nation and Jesus as king of their hearts? Hasn't their disobedience nullified the promises of God? Again, Paul specifically deals with this issue. He asks, "What then? If some did not believe, their unbelief will not nullify the faithfulness of God, will it?" (Romans 3:3). And again, for centuries the Church as responded, "Yes!" But not Paul. He responds by saying, "May it never be! Rather, let God be found true, though every man be found a liar" (Romans 3:4). God does not "wash His hands" of anyone. He pursues and pursues, trying to bring us to the end of ourselves so that we will turn to Him in repentance and be saved. That is exactly what is going to happen to the Jewish remnant at the end of the Tribulation. Here's how the prophet Malachi put it in Malachi 3:2-4: "Who can endure the day of His coming? And who can stand when He appears? For He is like a refiner's fire and like fullers' soap. And He will sit as a smelter and purifier of silver, and He will purify the sons of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, so that they may present to the

Lord offerings in righteousness. Then the offering of Judah and Jerusalem will be pleasing to the Lord, as in the days of old and as in former years." End of paper by Dr. David R. Reagan The Glorious and Incomparable Promises of the Bible By Thomas Ice Promise of Israel’s Permanence Scripture makes it clear that God’s integrity in history revolves around His chosen people Israel. It is through Israel that God has chosen to leave His mark throughout history. It is through Israel that God gave His Law, founded a nation, caused His presence to dwell, mediated His Word, and sent the Savior of the world. It will be through Israel in the future that God will work to preach the gospel throughout the whole world, invoke the second coming, reign for a thousand years in Jerusalem, and place His eternal glory. Thus, God’s promise to Israel is that they have an eternal permanence in history and throughout eternity. The Lord says through Jeremiah Thus says the Lord, Who gives the sun for light by day, and the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night, Who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar; the Lord of hosts is His name: Lord If this fixed order departs from before Me," declares the Lord, " then the offspring of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before Me forever." (Jeremiah 31:35- 36) « ‫ه َذا قال الرب الجاعل الشمس للضاءة نهارا، وفرائض القمر والنجوم للضاءة ليل، الزاجر‬ ُ ِ ّ ً ْ َ ِ َ َ ِ ِ ِ ُ ّ َ ِ َ َْ َ ِ َ ََ ً َ َ ِ َ َ ِ ِ َ ْ ّ ُ ِ َ ْ ّ ّ َ َ َ ‫ك‬ ،‫البحْر حين تعج أمواجه، رب الجنود اسمه: 63 إن كانت هذه الفرائض تزول من أمامي، يقول الرب‬ ّ ّ ُ ُ َ ِ َ َ ْ ِ ُ ُ َ ُ ِ َ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ َ َ ْ ِ ُ ُ ْ ِ ُُ ْ ّ َ ُ ُ َ ْ َ ّ ِ َ َ ِ َ َْ ‫.فإن نسل إسرائيل أيضا يكف من أن يكون أمة أمامي كل اليام‬ ِ َّ ّ ُ ِ َ َ ً ّ ُ َ ُ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ّ ُ َ ً ْ َ َ ِ َ ْ ِ َ ْ َ ّ َِ Most American evangelical Christians today have a high view of Jews and the modern state of Israel because of the positive influence of the dispensational ‫ التدبير اللهي لشعؤون العععالم‬premillennial view ‫ قبععل آلف السععنين‬that ‫ع‬ national Israel has a future in the plan of God. Yet, there are those within

Christians who deny that Israel has a permanent place in the plan of God. This view is known as replacement theology. What is replacement theology? Replacement theology is the view that the Church has permanently replaced Israel as the instrument through which God works and that national Israel does not have a future in the plan of God. Some replacement theologians may believe that individual Jews will be converted and enter into the church (something that we all believe), but they do not believe that God will literally fulfill the dozens of Old Testament promises to a converted national Israel in the future. Replacement theology and its view that Israel is finished in history nationally has been responsible for producing theological anti-Semitism in the church. Viewing the plight of the Jews in Christian lands from the fourth century to the recent holocaust, one Jew observed, “First we were told ' You’re not good enough to live among us as Jews.' Then we were told, ' You’re not good enough to live among us.' Finally we were told, ' You’re not good enough to live.' " This devastatingly accurate historical analysis was the fruit of an error, a building of prejudice and hate erected upon a false theological foundation. The blindness of the church regarding the place of the Jew in redemptive history is, I believe, directly responsible for the wicked sins and attitudes described above. The Reformed church of Europe, after the Reformation, widely adopted the belief that God’s future plan for Israel includes a national restoration of Israel. The rediscovery of Scripture brought a rekindling of the Biblical conviction that God had not, in fact, fully nor finally rejected His people. The nature of Israel’s future became the watershed issue in biblical interpretation which caused a polarization of positions that we find today. The last fifty years has seen a world-wide regathering and reestablishment of the nation of Israel, which is now poised in just the setting required for the revealing of the Antichrist and the start of the tribulation. Israel, God’s

“super-sign" of the end times is a clear indicator that time is growing shorter with each passing hour. God is preparing the world for the final events leading up to Israel’s national regeneration. What one believes about the future of Israel is of utmost importance to one's understanding of the Bible. I believe, without a shadow of doubt, that Old Testament promises made to national Israel will literally be fulfilled in the future. This means the Bible teaches that God will return the Jews to their land before the tribulation begins (Isaiah 11:11- 12:6; Ezekiel 20:33-44; 22:17-22; Zephaniah 2:1-3). This has been accomplished and the stage is set as a result of the current existence of the modern state of Israel. The Bible says Israel has a future and world events will revolve around that tiny nation at the center of the earth. The world's focus already is upon Israel. God has preserved His people for a reason. Promise of Christ's Second Coming The future is not all gloom and doom. It holds trials of an unprecedented nature in human history, but it also contains the glorious return of Jesus Christ to establish his righteous reign in preparation for the eternal state. The history of the Old Testament era was one of expectation for the first coming of the Messiah. The history of the New Testament and our own era is one of expectation for the second coming of Messiah. Promise of Eternal Life Eternal life is the gift of God given to all who believe in Jesus Christ and have accepted His offer of salvation based upon His death and resurrection (John 10:10; Ephesians 2:8-9). Christians will enter into heaven and the presence of God; unbelievers will be cast into the lake of fire (Revelation 20:11- 15).

For those of us who have trusted Jesus Christ as our Savior, we are given the promise of eternal life the moment we believe. John says, “The witness is this, that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. He who has the Son has the life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have

the life" (1 John 5:11- 13). If you have trusted in Christ, then you have eternal life in the present which will continue throughout eternity in heaven for the believer. Forever Means Forever: By Jeffrey Meyers Israel is no longer God’s “son,” but Jesus is God’s Son and we in him are all “sons of God” and heirs of the promises (Romans 8:17, 22-23; Col. 1:1520). Paul says, “And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s offspring, heirs according to promise” (Gal. 3:29). Every promise and prophecy given to Israel has a very literal, material fulfillment. I mean that if one is worried about the recipients of these promises really being Jews, genealogical sons of Abraham, then Jesus himself literally fits the bill. Jesus is literally and physically a bloodline son of Abraham and David (Matt. 1:1-17; Luke 3:23-38). More words are added By Raymond Konig The Jews have a unique status according to the Bible. They were chosen as the people who would hear and record the words of God, through His prophets, who were also Jewish. And the Jews have influenced the world with the scriptures. There are now about 2 billion Christians in the world. In one form or another, these scriptures have influenced more than half of the people in the world to abandon pagan worship. The Jews, in this regard, and in many others, have influenced the world more than any other group of people. The Bible declared that the Jews would be scattered throughout the world (Deuteronomy 28:64) and that they would be a blessing to the world (Genesis 12:2-3). Indeed, the Jews have been scattered to every country in the world, during the past 2500 years. And this scattering has enabled them to help reveal to the world the truth revealed in the scriptures, that there is one true God, and only one true God. God has revealed to us in the Bible that people who persecute the Jews will be punished. And indeed they have been. The great Assyrian Empire

persecuted the Jews. The great neo-Babylonian Empire persecuted the Jews. The great Phoenician Empire persecuted the Jews. The great Roman Empire persecuted the Jews. The powerful Nazi empire persecuted the Jews. And the powerful Soviet Union persecuted the Jews. All of these empires have been destroyed. And yet, the Jews are still a nation. Why? Because God had made this promise to the Jews in Genesis 12:2-3 - "I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you." ُ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ ْ َ َ َ ِ َ َ َ ِ ِ َ ُ ُ ِ َ َُ ً َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ ْ َ ّ َ َُ َ َ ِ َ َُ ً َ ِ َ ً ّ ُ َ ََ ََ ‫فأجْعلك أمة عظيمة وأباركك وأعظم اسمك، وتكون بركة. وأبارك مباركيك، ولعنك ألعنه. وتتبارك‬ ِ ْ َ ِ ِ ََ ُ ِ َ َ ِ ‫.»فيك جميع قبائل الرض‬ God keeps His promises. And, the Jews are living proof that God keeps His promises. The Jews are living proof that we all can rely on the promises made by God in the Bible. After all, the Bible told us, for example, that: * Israel would be a nation (1400 BC, 1948). * Jerusalem and the Temple would be destroyed (70-135 AD). * The Jews would be exiled (70-135 AD). * Israel would become a wasteland (135-1900s). * The Jews would be scattered worldwide (135-1900s). * The Jews would be persecuted worldwide (135-1900s). * The Jews would have a worldwide impact (135-1900s). * Their identity as a group would be preserved (135-1900s). * The Jews would return to their homeland (1900s, etc). * The Jews would have Israel again as their own country (since 1948). After a worldwide movement called Zionism began in the 1800s, hundreds of thousands of Jews worldwide began to return to their ancient homeland. Then, in May 1948, the Jews declared independence. On that same day, the United States and other countries acknowledged the sovereignty of Israel. And, Israel's sovereignty was acknowledged in a very different way by the countries surrounding Israel. Within hours of the declaration of independence, Israel was attacked by the surrounding countries which had hoped to put an end to the newly reborn country. Those countries, combined, were at least 20 times larger than tiny Israel. And yet, tiny Israel

prevailed in that war. Why? Because the Bible keeps its promises (see Isaiah 66:7-8 and Leviticus 26:3-8). And the Jews are living proof of this. Israel is living proof of this. How can we hate Jews and call ourselves followers of Jesus? It is impossible. Jesus talked about love, not hatred. Should we hate Jews because they are not followers of Jesus? Of course not. Would we want Hindus to hate us because we are not Hindus? Would we want Moslems to hate us because we are not Moslems? Do we want Jews to hate us because we are not Jews? Of course not. If we are followers of Jesus, we should not hate anyone. Instead, we should treat others as we would have them treat us. That's what Jesus told us to do. How can we be followers of Jesus if we don't follow Jesus? How can we allow ourselves, or our friends, or anyone else, to hate Jews? They are the people who gave us the word of God. That was their job. God had chosen them, out of all the peoples on the face of the earth, to be His chosen people, to record His words, and to share His words with the world. And yet, too many times in the past 1900 years, we Christians have persecuted the Jews. We must never allow ourselves to betray the teachings of the Bible. Instead we must embrace the teachings of the Bible, we must embrace the Biblical ideal of treating other people as we would have them treat us. And if we embrace the Bible, then we have no choice but to embrace our Jewish brothers and sisters. Collected and Posted by Viviansteven, PhD This publication contains lectures by: Dr. David R. Reagan Thomas Ice Raymond Konig Gary A. Anderson (Gary A. Anderson teaches Old Testament at the University of
Notre Dame).

Jeffrey Meyers