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Diference between LAN and WAN

The other diference between LAN and WAN, is the speed of the network. The
maximum speed
of a LAN can be 1000 meabits per second, whi!e the speed of a WAN can o up
to 1"0
meabits per second. This means the speed of a WAN, is one#tenth of the speed
of a LAN. A
WAN is usua!!$ s!ower because it has !ower bandwidth.
%omputers in a LAN can share a printer, if the$ are a!! in the same LAN. &n the
other hand, a
WAN cannot share a printer, so a computer in one countr$ cannot use a printer in
another
countr$. A LAN does not need a dedicated computer to direct tra'c to and from
the (nternet,
un!ike a WAN that needs a specia!#purpose computer, whose on!$ purpose is to
send and recei)e
data from the (nternet.
Another LAN )s. WAN comparison is the cost of the network. A WAN is more
expensi)e than a
LAN. (t is easier to expand a LAN than a WAN. The e*uipment needed for a LAN is
a network
interface card +N(%,, a switch and a hub. &n the other hand, the e*uipment
needed to connect a
WAN to the (nternet is a modem and a router. The modem ma$ be a cab!e
modem or a D-L
modem that is connected to a wa!! .ack, whi!e the router shou!d be con/ured so
that it can
hand!e the packets tra)e!in between the WAN and the (nternet.
(n LAN )s. WAN, there is a diference in the networkin standard used. A LAN
uses the
0thernet standard, whi!e a WAN uses the T1 standard. 1efore 0thernet, the
protoco!s used for
LAN were Attached 2esource %omputer Network +A2%N0T, and Token 2in. The
protoco!s
used for WAN are 3rame 2e!a$ and As$nchronous Transfer 4ode +AT4,. Another
protoco! for
WAN is 5acket o)er -&N0T6-D7 +5o-,, where -&N0T stands for -$nchronous
&ptica!
Networkin and -D7 stands for -$nchronous Diita! 7ierarch$. The /rst WAN
protoco! was
8.9", whi!e an ad)anced WAN protoco! is 4u!tiprotoco! Labe! -witchin +45L-,.
The
hardware in a LAN is connected with 101ase#T cab!e connectors, whi!e a WAN is
connected )ia
!eased !ines or sate!!ites.
7ere is an exp!anation of LANs and WANs. A LAN is eas$ to set up, as $ou need
to s!ip the N(%
into the 5%( s!ot +for desktop computers, or 5%4%(A s!ot +for !aptop computers,.
:ou a!so need
to insta!! the dri)er for the N(%. The N(% can be connected to the network usin
the 2;<" port.
&n the other hand, a WAN is )er$ di'cu!t to set up. There is often an app!iance
to optimi=e the
WAN. There is a!so a de)ice to cache WAN data, so workers in the branch o'ce
can *uick!$
access documents. The router a!so has >ua!it$ of -er)ice +>o-, bui!t in, so that it
i)es priorit$
to certain kinds of tra'c.
There are )arious topo!oies a)ai!ab!e in LAN and WAN networkin. The most
common
topo!oies in LAN and WAN networks are rin and star. The rin topo!o$ is a
network in
which e)er$ node +e)er$ computer, is connected to exact!$ two other nodes. The
star topo!o$ is
a network in which a!! the nodes +ca!!ed !eaf nodes or periphera! nodes, are
connected to a
centra! node.