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Biopsychology

Drug Addicts and Alcoholics


Interview
Interviewers: Juvelle Macatula
Claudine Peralta
Sherel Kate Simon
Interviewee: Ms. Jeanette Manlangit !.". M
When: August #$ $%#& '(uesday) $*&+pm,-*-%pm
Where: .uman !esource /0ce
#. 1hat can you say a2out drug addicts and alcoholics in the
Philippines3 .ow can you descri2e them3
These are the members of our society that are very vulnerable. Ibig sabihin,
kailangan silang ma-addressed, matignan, matutukan, o maltreat kasi
siyempre, given that possible consequence sa mga ginagawa nila, they will
become magiging problem sa society.
$. 1hat are the common causes o4 these addictions3
There are three ma!or causes in terms of addiction and alcoholism:
a. "pecially in youth
i. #nvironmental
$. e%perience, e%periment, curiosity. &ara ma-e%perience
kung ano yung drugs, yung mga inom-inom,ganun. 'ag-
ee%periment ka.
(. )ower socioeconomical status * mahihirap, madali lang sa
kanila magrugby. +ay nakita ka bang nagru-rugby-ng nag-
aaral, Wala naman diba,
-. .ender * mas maraming lalaki na magbabarkada. I think
ratio nila, sa lalaki, /0male1:(0female1 in 2". "a &ilipinas
pala pag drug abusers, $3 sa male, $ sa female. &ag
alcohol, / sa male, ( sa female.
ii. &sychological
$. Ito yung mga may depression, sawi sa pag-ibig,
bumagsak, kinick out sa school, maghiwalay na mag-
asawa.
(. Inability to connect with others- lack of friends. Tapos
meron talagang mga taong poor ang stress coping skills
na parang nabigo ka lang,napasan mo na lahat ng
problema. &ag may problema iniiyak or ito yung mga
taong kesa humingi ng payo sa iba, sinasarili na lang. 4nd
then ayun iinom na lang siya.
iii. .enetics
$. It runs in the families. "o for e%ample: brain receptors ng
nicotine, nagcocontribute siya ng drug addiction, yung iba
naman na genes, di siya ganun na nag-aadapt sa nicotine
kaya kahit bigyan mo siya ng halimbawa, manigarilyo di
siya agad-agad na ma-aaddict. 5ung iba hinahanap hanap
nila bec. 6f the genes.
iv. 7ut real causes of drug addiction are unknown. 8indi alam. Ito
lang yung mga signi9cant.
-. .ow do you assess these drug addicts and alcoholics3
In my e%perience in hospital 0alcohol1, alcohol into%ication. In
assessment In medical, ob!ective: 'amumula ang mata. "ub!ective: ano yung
nararamdaman mo, )aboratory procedures: presence of alcohol in blood, and amoy.
8istory: background of the client. 4sessment is yung pangkahalahatang history or
"igns and symptoms.
a. )oss of consciousness. &ag loss of consciousness umiihi sila ng di nila
alam, suka sila ng suka, sila yung mga taong nag didiliryo o bigla
nalang sumisigaw, yung di mo maintindhan.
b. :inal diagnosis, alcoholic into%ication.
In drug abuse, meron din tayong - na pang-assess sa drug addicts:
a. &hysical signs * namumula mata, change apetite, sleep pattern,
weight loss, hindi na natutulog. 2nusual smell of breath, tremors.
a. 4ng iba checklist ginagawa pag-ininterview
b. 7ehavioral * une%plained use of money, change in friends,
frequently getting in trouble.
c. &sychological * sudden change, sudden mood swings, hyperactive,
lythargic * hilong di mo maintindihan. &aranoid, suspicious, an%ious,
namomorblema.
d. "peci9c diagnosis for speci9c drugs. +ari!uana ang ginagamit mo ,
you will love talking, inappropriate laughter, if ganon yung sintomas
ng tao associated na siya sa mari!uana,
-para kang na stoke, drowsy, nag sslard ng speech, depressant
naman yung tinira mo, mga valume, tapos yung instimulant naman
e%cessive talking,irritable ,weight loss. 4ng mari!uana can be
weight gain or weght loss.
&. 1hat are the processes or therapies 4or these cases3
4lcoholism:
a. "a medical, ;uids ang medication. <i sila binibigyan ng medication.
'euorobion ampule 0swero1 to replace electrolytes. #to rin yung
"timulant din ng brain receptors kasi na lost of consciousness. (=
hours lang lang din and pag naging okay na pwede na umuwi..
Inaadvicean sila ng abstinence. ito yung sa side ng psychology. )onger
e%perience is the succession.
b. >onventional medication
i. <eto%i9cation
$. <i ko alam kung magkano siya. 4ction is stop alcoholism
(. ( gamot ito.
-. To interfere or inisstop nila ang alcohol matabolism
ii. <ensodiasithin
$. )ess depressant drugs.
(. 4nti an%iety drugs it is a withdrawal symptoms
iii. ?ehab
$. >ounselling and medication. &wedeng out patient or
inpatient
<rugs:
a. +otivate to avoid drugs
b. .roup Therapy for social reinforcement
c. #@ective is cocaine addiction because wala pang medication
for it.
d. +edication for 6&I6<", binibigay sa knila na gamot is
methadone, naltre%on, buprenorphine.
e. :or nicotine addiction, medication is varinicline. Tapos ang
bupropion naman ay sa tubico addiction naman siya. 4ng
buprenorphine used for hiroin addiction tapos ng last
combination na ng dalawa, may medication may therapy pa.
e. +as e@ective * combination
+. Are the treatments di5erent 2etween youth and adults3 .ow3
It is di@erent, oo naman. 7ecause adult mas mature sila, pag cinounsel sila,
pag nagkaroon kayo ng behavioural therapy they are participative. &arang
alam nila Aay masama pala yunB &ero pag-youth, meron kasing personality
na may bilib sila sa sarili nila . Theory. )aging nakikita nila sarili nila. )agi
nilang iniisip na wlang mangyayari sa knila, like, Aay hindi yan, racing lang
yanB &agnagkamali ka ng procedure ng medication, napapasama. <apat ano
ka, professional psychologist. 8indi pwedeng nurse, hindi pweeng doctor. Casi
iba parin ang approach ng psychology so <apat psychologist talaga kasi
Tama ang process nila. 5outh may pinagdadaanan, more on behavioural
related ang pagiging alcoholic and drug addict.
6. .ow long does the treatment ta7e3
4lcohol * depende, dangerous ang withdrawal because magtretemors or
hallucinate ka. +insan may time na kapag bigla kang nag withdrawl
magkakasakit ka. &ero pagsudden alcohol, mabilis lang ang treatment.
<epende din sa method or treatment. +edication * / to D shots. <epends on
kinds of drugs, reactivity. +as madaming options sa drugs kesa sa alcohol.
)imited therapies.
5an ang di ko alam. +as mahal pagnaka-con9ne or naka-rehab ka. +as
e@ective naman, kasi namonitor. "a outpatient mahirap. +as maganda yung
nakikita mo kesa hinde.
8. Are the treatments here in the Philippines e5ective3
#@ective naman. Iba ang attiude ng :ilipinos. Treatment itself is e@ective.
Conti lang yung naacquire at mga bagong medicine. 6nti lang specialist sa
ganyan. Coknti lang yung mga enthusiastic.
9. 1hat are your recommendations3
6ne way to assess of these addictions, since vulnerable na members of
society.. government speci9cally health sectors, and medical related course,
psychologist, behavioural therapies. magfocus sila. 'ababaliwa ang ganitong
concern. Cailangan magkaron tayo ng insight ng social awareness and
concern para madagdagan ang treatment regiment. 'eed to study new
advanced technology. 4nd encourage ang health teaching.. "a isang
barangay, sana may psychologist narin. &revention and intervention. kung
may problema kailnagan mo na agad kumausap ng isang psychologist. ang
dangerous drug lord ang nagmomonitor ng ganun. <68, dengue
commercials, may medications na. Invest sa ganitong cases. )alo na ang
'>?, =EF drug
abusers and G$ shabu. 6ut of -,=E(. D(.=$F ang gumagamit. Culang na
kulang tayo ng nagrerehab. +ahal ang rehab. +ay libre kaya lang need
magpa medical check-up. &ag may sakit like, diabetes hindi nila inaaccept.
Caya lang sa rehab ditto minsan hinahalo nila yung may mental disability,
and drug addict. "a cubao na rehab.