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CCNA 4 Final Exam 2013 – version 1

1. What are two main components of data confidentiality? (Choose two.)
checksum
digital certificates
encapsulation
encryption
hashing
2. Which network component has the primary function of detecting and logging attacks
made against the network?
Cisco Security Agent
antivirus software scanner
intrusion detection system
intrusion prevention system

3.Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator has issued the commands that are
shown on Router1 and Router2. A later review of the routing tables reveals that neither
router is learning the LAN network of the neighbor router. What is most likely the
problem with the RIPng configuration?
The serial interfaces are in different subnets.
The RIPng process is not enabled on interfaces.
The RIPng network command is not configured.
The RIPng processes do not match between Router1 and Router2
4. Which three guidelines would help contribute to creating a strong password policy?
(Choose three.)
Once a good password is created, do not change it.
Deliberately misspell words when creating passwords.
Create passwords that are at least 8 characters in length.
Use combinations of upper case, lower case, and special characters.
Write passwords in locations that can be easily retrieved to avoid being locked out.
Use long words found in the dictionary to make passwords that are easy to remember

5.Refer to the exhibit. Headquarters is connected through the Internet to branch office A
and branch office B. Which WAN technology would be best suited to provide secure
connectivity between headquarters and both branch offices?
ATM
VPN
ISDN
Frame Relay
broadband DSL
6. Which combination of authentication and Layer 2 protocol should be used to
establish a link between a Cisco and a non-Cisco router without sending authentication
information in plain text?
CHAP and HDLC
CHAP and PPP
PAP and HDLC
PAP and PPP
7. A technician is talking to a colleague at a rival company and comparing DSL transfer
rates between the two companies. Both companies are in the same city, use the same
service provider, and have the same rate/service plan. What is the explanation for why
company 1 reports higher download speeds than company 2 reports?
Company 2 downloads larger files than company 1 downloads.
Company 2 must share the connection to the DSLAM with more clients than company 1
shares.
Company 1 is closer to the service provider than is company 2.
Company 1 has a lower volume of POTS traffic than company 2 has.
8. An administrator is configuring a dual stack router with IPv6 and IPv4 using RIPng.
The administrator receives an error message when trying to enter the IPv4 routes into
RIPng. What is the cause of the problem?
When IPv4 and IPv6 are configured on the same interface, all IPv4 addresses are over-
written in favor of the newer technology.
Incorrect IPv4 addresses are entered on the router interfaces.
RIPng is incompatible with dual-stack technology.
IPv4 is incompatible with RIPng.
9. What component of VPN technology combines message text with a key to make the
message unreadable by unauthorized receivers?
message hash
user password
RSA signature
encryption algorithm
10. Which variable is permitted or denied by a standard access control list?
protocol type
source IP address
source MAC address
destination IP address
destination MAC address
11. What name is given to the location where a customer network interfaces with a
network that is owned by another organization?
CPE
DCE
local loop
demarcation point
12. What will be the result of adding the command ip dhcp excluded-address 10.10.4.1
10.10.4.5 to the configuration of a local router that has been configured as a DHCP
server?
Traffic that is destined for 10.10.4.1 and 10.10.4.5 will be dropped by the router.
Traffic will not be routed from clients with addresses between 10.10.4.1 and 10.10.4.5.
The DHCP server will not issue the addresses ranging from 10.10.4.1 to 10.10.4.5.
The router will ignore all traffic that comes from the DHCP servers with addresses
10.10.4.1 and 10.10.4.5
13. What functionality do access control lists provide when implementing dynamic NAT
on a Cisco router?
which addresses are allowed to be accessed from the inside network
which addresses are allowed out of the router
which addresses are assigned to a NAT pool
which addresses are to be translated
14. Which statement about a VPN is true?
VPN link establishment and maintenance is provided by LCP.
DLCI addresses are used to identify each end of the VPN tunnel.
VPNs use virtual Layer 3 connections that are routed through the Internet.
Only IP packets can be encapsulated by a VPN for tunneling through the Internet
15. An administrator is unable to receive e-mail. While troubleshooting the problem, the
administrator is able to ping the local mail server IP address successfully from a remote
network and can also successfully ping using the mail server name. At which layer of the
OSI model is the problem most likely to be found?
physical layer
network layer
data link layer
application layer
16. Which data link layer encapsulation protocol is used by default for serial connections
between two Cisco routers?
ATM
Frame Relay
HDLC
PPP
SDLC
17. A network administrator has changed the VLAN configurations on his network
switches over the past weekend. How can the administrator determine if the additions
and changes improved performance and availability on the company intranet?
Conduct a performance test and compare with the baseline that was established
previously.
Interview departmental secretaries and determine if they think load time for web pages
has improved.
Determine performance on the intranet by monitoring load times of company web pages
from remote sites.
Compare the hit counts on the company web server for the current week to the values
that were recorded in previous weeks.
18. Which statement accurately describes a role that is played in establishing a WAN
connection?
ISDN and ATM are circuit-switched technologies that are used to establish on demand a
path through the service provider network.
Data link layer protocols like PPP and HDLC define how data is encapsulated for
transmission across a WAN link.
A packet-switching network establishes a dedicated circuit between nodes for the
duration of the communication session.
Frame Relay switches are normally considered to be customer premises equipment
(CPE) and are maintained by local administrators.
19. What is an accurate description of CHAP when used with PPP on a serial connection
between two routers?
A username and password are sent to the peer router, which replies with an accept or
reject message.
A username and password are sent to the peer router. If these match the configuration
in the peer, the peer in turn provides a username and password to the initiating router.
A challenge message is sent to the peer router, which responds with its username and a
calculated value based on a shared secret. This value is then compared by the challenger
to its own calculations.
An encrypted password is sent to the peer router, which decrypts it and compares it to a
shared secret. If the decrypted passwords match, the peer sends the encrypted password
back to the initiating router.
20. Which technology is used to dynamically map next hop, network layer addresses to
virtual circuits in a Frame Relay network?
Inverse ARP
LMI
DLCI
21. A DHCP server is configured with a block of excluded addresses. What two devices
would be assigned static addresses from the excluded address range? (Choose two.)
a protocol analyzer
DNS server for the network
network printer that is used by many different users
a laptop that will get a different address each time it boots up
22. Compared with IDS systems, what can IPS systems do to provide further protection
of computer systems?
detect potential attacks
stop the detected attack from executing
update OS patches for computer systems
scan computer systems for viruses and spyware
23. A company has its headquarters office in Dallas and five branch offices located in
New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Seattle, and Atlanta. WAN links are used for
communications among offices in six sites. In planning the WAN links, the network
designer is given two requirements: (1) minimize cost and (2) provide a certain level of
WAN link reliability with redundant links. Which topology should the network designer
recommend?
star
full mesh
hierarchical
partial mesh
24. An administrator issues the command show interfaces s0/1/0 on a router that is
configured for Frame Relay. Which console output may indicate an LMI mismatch?
Serial0/1/0 is administratively down
Serial0/1/0 is up, line protocol is up
Serial0/1/0 is up, line protocol is down
Serial0/1/0 is down, line protocol is down
25. Which IP address and wildcard mask combination can be used in an ACL statement
to match the 172.16.0.0/30 network?
172.16.0.0 0.0.0.1
172.16.0.0 0.0.0.3
172.16.0.0 0.0.0.7
172.16.0.0 255.255.255.252
26. A company is looking for a WAN solution to connect its headquarters site to four
remote sites. What are two advantages that dedicated leased lines provide compared to a
shared Frame Relay solution? (Choose two.)
reduced jitter
reduced costs
reduced latency
the ability to burst above guaranteed bandwidth
the ability to borrow unused bandwidth from the leased lines of other customers
27. What function does LCP perform in the establishment of a PPP session?
LCP brings the network layer protocols up and down.
It carries packets from several network layer protocols.
It encapsulates and negotiates options for IP and IPX.
It negotiates and sets up control options on the WAN data link.
28. An employee of XYZ corporation will begin working from home. The employee has a
choice of DSL or cable technology for WAN connectivity. Which connectivity
characteristic is accurately described?
Cable transfer rates are dependent on the length of the local loop.
DSL provides a high-speed connection over existing copper phone wires.
DSL download speeds are affected by high usage in the area.
DSL service shares the same frequency range as voice calls.
Cable connectivity usually requires new fiber installed for the local loop.
29. Which option represents a best practice for applying ACLs?
Named ACLs are less efficient than numbered ACLs.
Standard ACLs should be applied inside the core layer.
ACLs applied to outbound interfaces use fewer router resources.
Extended ACLs should be applied closest to the source that is specified by the ACL.
30. While troubleshooting a problem with an e-mail server, an administrator observes
that the switch port used by the server shows “up, line protocol up”. The administrator
cannot ping the server. At which layer of the OSI model is the problem most likely to be
found?
application layer
network layer
data link layer
physical layer
31. Which two configurations must be completed before an RSA key can be generated on
a router? (Choose two.)
a hostname
a domain name
the SSH version
the SSH timeouts
local authentication on the VTY lines
32. What type of ACL can be used to force a user to authenticate to the router before
accessing a network?
standard
dynamic
reflexive
time-based
33. What is the result when the command security passwords min-length 8 is entered
into a router?
All new passwords are required to be a minimum of 8 characters in length.
All current passwords are now required to be a minimum of 8 characters in length.
Enable passwords must be at least 8 characters but line passwords are unaffected.
Nothing will happen until the command service password-encryption is entered. Then
all future passwords must have a minimum of 8 characters.
34. Because of a remote-procedure call failure, a user is unable to access an NFS server.
At what layer of the TCP/IP model does this problem occur?
network layer
data link layer
physical layer
application layer
35. What is the result when the command permit tcp 10.25.132.0 0.0.0.255 any eq smtp
is added to a named access control list and applied on the inbound interface of a router?
TCP traffic with a destination to the 10.25.132.0/24 is permitted.
Only Telnet traffic is permitted to the 10.24.132.0/24 network
Ttraffic from 10.25.132.0/24 is permitted to anywhere on using any port.
Traffic using port 25 from the 10.25.132.0/24 is permitted to all destinations.


36.Refer to the exhibit. R1 is performing NAT overload for the 10.1.1.0/24 inside
network. Host A has sent a packet to the web server. What is the destination IP address
of the return packet from the web server?
10.1.1.2:1234
172.30.20.1:1234
172.30.20.1:3333
192.168.1.2:80

37.Refer to the exhibit. Communication between two peers has failed. Based on the
output that is shown, what is the most likely cause?
interface reset
unplugged cable
improper LMI type
PPP negotiation failure

38.Refer to the exhibit. Partial results of the show access-lists and show ip interface
FastEthernet 0/1 commands for router Router1 are shown. There are no other ACLs in
effect. Host A is unable to telnet to host B. Which action will correct the problem but
still restrict other traffic between the two networks?
Apply the ACL in the inbound direction.
Apply the ACL on the FastEthernet 0/0 interface.
Reverse the order of the TCP protocol statements in the ACL.
Modify the second entry in the list to permit tcp host 172.16.10.10 any eq telnet .

39.Refer to the exhibit. The link between the CTRL and BR_1 routers is configured as
shown in the exhibit. Why are the routers unable to establish a PPP session?
The clock rate must be 56000.
The usernames are misconfigured.
The IP addresses are on different subnets.
The clock rate is configured on the wrong end of the link.
The CHAP passwords must be different on the two routers.
Interface serial 0/0/0 on CTRL must connect to interface serial 0/0/1 on BR_1.

40.Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is trying to backup the IOS software on
R1 to the TFTP server. He receives the error message that is shown in the exhibit, and
cannot ping the TFTP server from R1. What is an action that can help to isolate this
problem?
Use correct source file name in the command.
Verify that the TFTP server software is running.
Make sure that there is enough room on the TFTP server for the backup.
Check that R1 has a route to the network where the TFTP server resides.

41.Refer to the exhibit. RIPv2 has been configured on all routers in the network. Routers
R1 and R3 have not received any RIP routing updates. What will fix the issue?
Enable RIP authentication on R2.
Issue the ip directed-broadcast command on R2.
Change the subnet masks to 10.11.12.0/8 and 172.16.40.0/16 on R2.
Enable CDP on R2 so that the other routers will receive routing updates.

42.Refer to the exhibit. What is placed in the address field in the header of a frame that
will travel from the Orlando router to the DC router?
DLCI 123
DLCI 321
10.10.10.25
10.10.10.26
MAC address of the DC router

43.Refer to the exhibit. What is the meaning of the term dynamic in the output of the
command?
The bandwidth capability of the interface increases and decreases automatically based
on BECNs.
The Serial0/0/1 interface acquired 172.16.3.1 from a DHCP server.
The mapping between DLCI 100 and 172.16.3.1 was learned through Inverse ARP.
DLCI 100 will automatically adapt to changes in the Frame Relay cloud.

44.Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is trying to connect R1 remotely to
make configuration changes. Based on the exhibited command output, what will be the
result when attempting to connect to R1?
failure to connect due to Telnet not being enabled
failure to connect due to incomplete configuration for Telnet
a successful connection and ability to make configuration changes
a successful connection but inability to make configuration changes because of the
absence of an enable secret password


45.Refer to the exhibit. The corporate network that is shown has been assigned network
172.16.128.0/19 for use at branch office LANs. If VLSM is used, what mask should be
used for addressing hosts at Branch4 with minimal waste from unused addresses?
/19
/20
/21
/22
/23
/24


46.Refer to the exhibit. Every time the administrator reboots this router, the boot
process ends in setup mode. What is a possible problem?
There is insufficient RAM for the IOS to load on this router.
A password recovery process should be done on this router.
The bootstrap version and the version of the IOS are different.
The IOS image is damaged and must be reloaded using tftpdnld.
The configuration register is set to ignore the startup configuration


47.Refer to the exhibit. Users who are connected to R1 report that they are unable to
establish connectivity to the users who are connected to router R2. A network
administrator tests the link with the debug ppp authentication command. Based on the
output shown, which statement correctly defines the problem on the link?
R1 uses PAP as a method of authentication, and R2 uses CHAP.
R1 uses CHAP as a method of authentication, and R2 uses PAP.
R1 uses an incorrect user name or password for CHAP authentication.
R2 uses an incorrect user name or password for PAP authentication.
48.Refer to the exhibit. The network administrator creates a standard access control list
to prohibit traffic from the 192.168.1.0/24 network from reaching the Internet. The
access list must still permit the 192.168.1.0/24 network access to the 192.168.2.0
network. On which router interface and in which direction should the access control list
be applied?
interface Fa0/0, inbound
interface Fa0/0, outbound
interface S0/0/0, inbound
interface S0/0/0, outbound
49. Refer to the exhibit. A host connected to Fa0/0 is unable to acquire an IP address
from the DHCP server. The output of the debug ip dhcp server command shows
“DHCPD: there is no address pool for 192.168.3.17″. What is the problem?
The address 192.168.3.17 address is already in use by Fa0/0.
The pool of addresses for the 192Network pool is configured incorrectly.
The ip helper-address command should be used on the Fa0/0 interface.
The 192.168.3.17 address has not been excluded from the 192Network pool.


50. Refer to the exhibit. Which VLAN will carry untagged traffic on FastEthernet 0/1?
VLAN 1
VLAN 2
VLAN 11
VLAN 12
VLAN 30
VLAN 999

CCNA 4 Final Exam 2013 – version 2

1.Refer to the exhibit. Communication between two peers has failed. Based on the
output that is shown, what is the most likely cause?
interface reset
unplugged cable
improper LMI type
PPP negotiation failure


2. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is tasked with completing the Frame
Relay topology that interconnects two remote sites. How should the point-to-point
subinterfaces be configured on HQ to complete the topology?
frame-relay interface-dlci 103 on Serial 0/0/0.1
frame-relay interface-dlci 203 on Serial 0/0/0.2
frame-relay interface-dlci 301 on Serial 0/0/0.1
frame-relay interface-dlci 302 on Serial 0/0/0.2
frame-relay map ip 192.168.1.1 103 broadcast on Serial 0/0/0.1
frame-relay map ip 192.168.2.2 203 broadcast on Serial 0/0/0.2
frame-relay map ip 192.168.1.1 301 broadcast on Serial 0/0/0.1
frame-relay map ip 192.168.2.2 302 broadcast on Serial 0/0/0.2
3. Which data link layer encapsulation protocol is used by default for serial connections
between two Cisco routers?
ATM
Frame Relay
HDLC
PPP
SDLC


4. Refer to the exhibit. Company ABC expanded its business and recently opened a new
branch office in another country. IPv6 addresses have been used for the company
network. The data servers Server1 and Server2 run applications which require end-to-
end functionality, with unmodified packets that are forwarded from the source to the
destination. The edge routers R1 and R2 support dual stack configuration. What
solution should be deployed at the edge of the company network in order to successfully
interconnect both offices?
a new WAN service supporting only IPv6
NAT overload to map inside IPv6 addresses to outside IPv4 address
a manually configured IPv6 tunnel between the edge routers R1 and R2
static NAT to map inside IPv6 addresses of the servers to an outside IPv4 ddress and
dynamic NAT for the rest of the inside IPv6 addresses

5. Which variable is permitted or denied by a standard access control list?
protocol type
source IP address
source MAC address
destination IP address
destination MAC address


6. Refer to the exhibit. The link between the CTRL and BR_1 routers is configured as
shown in the exhibit. Why are the routers unable to establish a PPP session?
The clock rate must be 56000.
The usernames are misconfigured.
The IP addresses are on different subnets.
The clock rate is configured on the wrong end of the link.
The CHAP passwords must be different on the two routers.
Interface serial 0/0/0 on CTRL must connect to interface serial 0/0/1 on BR_1.

7. Which three statements accurately describe a security policy? (Choose three.)
It creates a basis for legal action if necessary.
It defines a process for managing security violations.
It defines acceptable and unacceptable use of network resources.
The remote access policy is a component of the security policy that governs acceptable
use of e-mail systems.
It is kept private from users to prevent the possibility of circumventing security
measures.
It provides step-by-step procedures to harden routers and other network devices.

8. A network administrator has changed the VLAN configurations on his network
switches over the past weekend. How can the administrator determine if the additions
and changes improved performance and availability on the company intranet?
Conduct a performance test and compare with the baseline that was established
previously.
Interview departmental secretaries and determine if they think load time for web pages
has improved.
Determine performance on the intranet by monitoring load times of company web pages
from remote sites.
Compare the hit counts on the company web server for the current week to the values
that were recorded in previous weeks.


9.Refer to the exhibit. Headquarters is connected through the Internet to branch office
A and branch office B. Which WAN technology would be best suited to provide secure
connectivity between headquarters and both branch offices?
ATM
VPN
ISDN
Frame Relay
broadband DSL

10. Which statement about a VPN is true?
VPN link establishment and maintenance is provided by LCP.
DLCI addresses are used to identify each end of the VPN tunnel.
VPNs use virtual Layer 3 connections that are routed through the Internet.
Only IP packets can be encapsulated by a VPN for tunneling through the Internet.

11. A company is deciding which WAN connection type it should implement between its
main office and branch offices. The company wants to use a cost-effective service that
provides virtual circuits between each office. The company also wants to be able to
transmit variable-length packets on these circuits. Which solution best meets these
requirements?
ATM
HDLC
ISDN
Frame Relay

12. A technician is talking to a colleague at a rival company and comparing DSL transfer
rates between the two companies. Both companies are in the same city, use the same
service provider, and have the same rate/service plan. What is the explanation for why
company 1 reports higher download speeds than company 2 reports?
Company 1 only uses microfilters at branch locations.
Company 1 has a lower volume of POTS traffic than company 2 has.
Company 2 is located farther from the service provider than company 1 is.
Company 2 shares the connection to the DSLAM with more clients than company 1
shares with.



13. Refer to the exhibit. What is placed in the address field in the header of a frame that
will travel from the DC router to the Orlando router?
DLCI 123
DLCI 321
10.10.10.25
10.10.10.26
MAC address of the Orlando router



14. Refer to the exhibit. This router is being configured to use SDM, but the SDM
interface of the router cannot be accessed. What is the cause of the problem?
The VTY lines are not configured correctly.
The HTTP timeout policy is not configured correctly.
The authentication method is not configured correctly.
The username and password are not configured correctly.

15. Which two devices can be used by teleworkers who need to connect to the company
network across the PSTN for a few hours a day? (Choose two.)
router
CSU/DSU
DSL modem
cable modem
access server
dialup modem

16. An administrator is configuring a dual stack router with IPv6 and IPv4 using RIPng.
The administrator receives an error message when trying to enter the IPv4 routes into
RIPng. What is the cause of the problem?
When IPv4 and IPv6 are configured on the same interface, all IPv4 addresses are over-
written in favor of the newer technology.
Incorrect IPv4 addresses are entered on the router interfaces.
RIPng is incompatible with dual-stack technology.
IPv4 is incompatible with RIPng.

17. What is the function of an intrusion detection system on a network?
to restrict access to only authorized users
to detect attacks against a network and send logs to a management console
to prevents attack against the network and provide active defense mechanisms
to detect and prevent most viruses and many Trojan horse applications from spreading
in the network



18. Refer to the exhibit. All devices are configured as shown in the exhibit. PC1 is unable
to ping the default gateway. What is the cause of the problem?
The default gateway is in the wrong subnet.
STP has blocked the port that PC1 is connected to.
Port Fa0/2 on S2 is assigned to the wrong VLAN.
S2 has the wrong IP address assigned to the VLAN30 interface.

19. When Frame Relay encapsulation is used, what feature provides flow control and
exchanges information about the status of virtual circuits?
LCP
LMI
DLCI
Inverse ARP

20. A system administrator must provide Internet connectivity for ten hosts in a small
remote office. The ISP has assigned two public IP addresses to this remote office. How
can the system administrator configure the router to provide Internet access to all ten
users at the same time?
Configure DHCP and static NAT.
Configure dynamic NAT for ten users.
Configure static NAT for all ten users.
Configure dynamic NAT with overload.

21. A company is looking for a WAN solution to connect its headquarters site to four
remote sites. What are two advantages that dedicated leased lines provide compared to a
shared Frame Relay solution? (Choose two.)
reduced jitter
reduced costs
reduced latency
the ability to burst above guaranteed bandwidth
the ability to borrow unused bandwidth from the leased lines of other customers

22. What will be the result of adding the command ip dhcp excluded-address
192.168.24.1 192.168.24.5 to the configuration of a local router that has been configured
as a DHCP server?
Traffic that is destined for 192.168.24.1 and 192.168.24.5 will be dropped by the router.
Traffic will not be routed from clients with addresses between 192.168.24.1 and
192.168.24.5.
The DHCP server will not issue the addresses ranging from 192.168.24.1 to 192.168.24.5.
The router will ignore all traffic that comes from the DHCP servers with addresses
192.168.24.1 and 192.168.24.5.



23. Refer to the exhibit. A host connected to Fa0/0 is unable to acquire an IP address
from the DHCP server. The output of the debug ip dhcp server command shows
“DHCPD: there is no address pool for 192.168.3.17″. What is the problem?
The address 192.168.3.17 address is already in use by Fa0/0.
The pool of addresses for the 192Network pool is configured incorrectly.
The ip helper-address command should be used on the Fa0/0 interface.
The 192.168.3.17 address has not been excluded from the 192Network pool.



24. Refer to the exhibit. From the output of the show interfaces and ping commands, at
which layer of the OSI model is a fault indicated?
application
transport
network
data link
physical

25. What three questions can be answered using data gathered from a baseline on a new
network? (Choose three.)
Are areas of the network experiencing high error rates?
Will the disaster recovery procedures work correctly?
What parts of the network have the highest volume?
Does the organization require more network technicians?
How does the network perform during peak periods?
Are there any devices working at top capacity?
What networks are the most susceptible to security attacks?

26. Which type of ACL will permit traffic inbound into a private network only if an
outbound session has already been established between the source and destination?
extended
reflexive
standard
time-based



27. Refer to the exhibit. R1 is performing NAT overload for the 10.1.1.0/24 inside
network. Host A has sent a packet to Web Server. What is the destination IP address of
the return packet from Web Server when received at R1?
10.1.1.2:80
10.1.1.2:1234
172.30.20.1:1234
172.30.20.1:3333

28. An administrator issues the command show interfaces s0/1/0 on a router that is
configured for Frame Relay. Which console output may indicate an LMI mismatch?
Serial0/1/0 is administratively down
Serial0/1/0 is up, line protocol is up
Serial0/1/0 is up, line protocol is down
Serial0/1/0 is down, line protocol is down

29. A recently patched application server is experiencing response time problems. The
network on which the application server is located has been experiencing occasional
outages that the network team believes may be related to recent routing changes.
Network and application teams have been notified to work on their respective issues.
Which statement applies to this situation?
Only results from the software package should be tested as the network is designed to
accommodate the proposed software platform.
Scheduling will be easy if the network and software teams work independently.
It will be difficult to isolate the problem if two teams are implementing changes
independently.
Results from changes will be easier to reconcile and document if each team works in
isolation.



30.Refer to the exhibit. Branch A has a non-Cisco router that is using IETF
encapsulation and Branch B has a Cisco router. After the commands that are shown are
entered, R1 and R2 fail to establish the PVC. The R2 LMI is Cisco, and the R1 LMI is
ANSI. The LMI is successfully established at both locations. Why is the PVC failing?
The PVC to R1 must be point-to-point.
LMI types must match on each end of a PVC.
The frame relay PVCs cannot be established between Cisco and non-Cisco routers.
The IETF parameter is missing from the frame-relay map ip 10.10.10.1 201 command



31. Refer to the exhibit. Which VLAN will carry untagged traffic on FastEthernet 0/1?
VLAN 1
VLAN 2
VLAN 11
VLAN 12
VLAN 30
VLAN 999

32. What is an accurate description of CHAP when used with PPP on a serial connection
between two routers?
A username and password are sent to the peer router, which replies with an accept or
reject message.
A username and password are sent to the peer router. If these match the configuration
in the peer, the peer in turn provides a username and password to the initiating router.
A challenge message is sent to the peer router, which responds with its username and a
calculated value based on a shared secret. This value is then compared by the challenger
to its own calculations.
An encrypted password is sent to the peer router, which decrypts it and compares it to a
shared secret. If the decrypted passwords match, the peer sends the encrypted password
back to the initiating router.

33. Where does a service provider assume responsibility from a customer for a WAN
connection?
local loop
DTE cable on router
demarcation point
demilitarized zone



34. Refer to the exhibit. An ACL called Managers already exists on this router. What
happens if the network administrator issues the commands as shown in the exhibit?
The commands are added to the end of the existing ACL.
The existing Managers ACL will be overwritten by the new ACL.
The router will output an error message and no changes will be made.
A duplicate Managers ACL will be created that will contain only the new commands.

35. Which statement is true about PAP in the authentication of a PPP session?
PAP uses a two-way handshake.
The password is unique and random.
PAP conducts periodic password challenges.
PAP uses MD5 hashing to keep the password secure.

36. Which combination of Layer 2 protocol and authentication should be used to
establish a link without sending authentication information in plain text between a
Cisco and a non-Cisco router?
PPP with PAP
PPP with CHAP
HDLC with PAP
HDLC with CHAP

37. Which option correctly defines the capacity through the local loop guaranteed to a
customer by the service provider?
BE
DE
CIR
CBIR

38. Which wireless solution can provide mobile users with non line-of-sight broadband
Internet access at speeds comparable to DSL or cable?
Wi-Fi
WiMAX
satellite
Metro Ethernet



39. Refer to the exhibit. EIGRP has been configured as a routing protocol on the
network. Users on the 192.168.1.0/24 network should have full access to the web server
that is connected to 192.168.3.0/24 but should not be allowed to telnet to router R3.
Verifying the configuration, the network administrator realizes that users on network
192.168.1.0/24 can successfully telnet to the router. What should be done to remedy the
problem?
The ACL 101 statements 10 and 20 should be reversed.
The ACL 101 should be applied on R3 VTY lines 0 4 in the inbound direction.
The ACL 101 should be applied on R3 VTY lines 0 4 in the outbound direction.
The ACL 101 should be applied on R3 Serial0/0/1 interface in the outbound direction.
The ACL 101 statement 10 should be changed to: permit ip 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255 any

40. What does an access control list determine when used with NAT on a Cisco router?
addresses that are to be translated
addresses that are assigned to a NAT pool
addresses that are allowed out of the router
addresses that are accessible from the inside network

41. Which IP address and wildcard mask combination can be used in an ACL statement
to match the 172.16.0.0/30 network?
172.16.0.0 0.0.0.1
172.16.0.0 0.0.0.3
172.16.0.0 0.0.0.7
172.16.0.0 255.255.255.252

42. Which security solution has the responsibility of monitoring suspicious processes
that are running on a host and that might indicate infection of Trojan horse
applications?
antivirus application
operating system patches
intrusion prevention system
Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance



43. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is trying to connect R1 remotely to
make configuration changes. Based on the exhibited command output, what will be the
result when attempting to connect to R1?
failure to connect due to Telnet not being enabled
failure to connect due to incomplete configuration for Telnet
a successful connection and ability to make configuration changes
a successful connection but inability to make configuration changes because of the
absence of an enable secret password



44. Refer to the exhibit. Results of the show vlan and show vtp status commands for
switches S1 and S2 are displayed in the exhibit. VLAN 11 was created on S1. Why is
VLAN 11 missing from S2?
There is a Layer 2 loop.
The VTP domain names do not match.
Only one switch can be in server mode.
S2 has a higher spanning-tree priority for VLAN 11 than S1 does.

45. A technician has been asked to run the Cisco SDM one-step lockdown on a customer
router. What will be the result of this process?
Traffic is only accepted from and forwarded to SDM-trusted Cisco routers.
Security testing is performed and the results are saved as a text file stored in NVRAM.
All traffic that enters the router is quarantined and checked for viruses before being
forwarded.
The router is tested for any potential security problems and all recommended security-
related configuration changes will be automatically applied.



46. Refer to the exhibit. Which data transmission technology is being represented?
TDM
PPP
HDLC
SLIP

47. A network administrator is instructing a technician on best practices for applying
ACLs. Which two suggestions should the administrator provide? (Choose two.)
Named ACLs are less efficient than numbered ACLs.
Standard ACLs should be applied inside the core layer.
Place standard ACLs as close to the destination as possible.
ACLs applied to outbound interfaces require fewer router resources.
Extended ACLs should be applied closest to the source that is specified by the ACL.



48.Refer to the exhibit. Which configuration command would result in the output in the
exhibit?
ip nat inside source static 10.1.200.254 172.16.76.3
ip nat inside source static 10.1.200.254 192.168.0.10
ip nat inside source static 172.16.76.3 10.1.200.254
ip nat inside source static 172.16.76.3 192.168.0.10
ip nat inside source static 192.168.0.10 172.16.76.3
ip nat inside source static 192.168.0.10 10.1.200.254

49. What are three important reasons to establish a network baseline? (Choose three.)
to determine the time it takes for the network to self recover from a failure
to determine which areas in the network are underutilized or overutilized
to determine the performance of the network during the normal hours of operation
to determine what thresholds should be set for the devices that need to be monitored
to determine the areas in the network which should not be included in the monitoring
process
to determine the number of users whose access to network resources should be
restricted

50. Which two statements are true about creating and applying access lists? (Choose
two.)
There is an implicit deny at the end of all access lists.
One access list per port, per protocol, per direction is permitted.
Access list entries should filter in the order from general to specific.
The term “inbound” refers to traffic that enters the network from the router interface
where the ACL is applied.
Standard ACLs should be applied closest to the source while extended ACLs should be
applied closest to the destination.
51. While troubleshooting a problem with an e-mail server, an administrator observes
that the switch port used by the server shows “up, line protocol up”. The administrator
cannot ping the server. At which layer of the OSI model is the problem most likely to be
found?
application layer
network layer
data link layer
physical layer



52. Refer to the exhibit. Router RT is not receiving routing updates from router RTA.
What is causing the problem?
The ip rip authentication key-chain command specifies exam rather than test.
The name of the keystring is not the name of the neighboring router.
The key chains are given the same name on both routers.
The passive-interface command was issued for RTA.

CCNA 4 – Final exam – version 3
1. Which functions are provided by LCP and NCP as part of the PPP layered
architecture?
LCP sets up the PPP connection and its parameters. NCP terminates the PPP
connection.
LCP sets up the PPP connection and its parameters. NCP handles higher layer protocol
configurations.
LCP includes the link-establishment phase. NCP includes link-maintenance and link-
termination phases.
LCP negotiates options for multiple network layer protocols. NCP agrees automatically
on encapsulation formats.


2.Refer to the exhibit. EIGRP has been configured on routers R1 and R2. Connectivity
across the Frame Relay switch between routers R1 and R2 is successfully verified using
the ping command. However, no EIGRP routes are appearing in the routing table. What
could be a cause for this failure?
The Frame Relay switch has failed.
The frame-relay map statement is incorrect.
The S0/0/0 interface of router R1 is administratively down.
The S0/0/0 interface of router R2 has an incorrect IP address.


3.Refer to the exhibit. Results of the show vlan and show vtp status commands for
switches S1 and S2 are displayed in the exhibit. VLAN 11 was created on S1. Why is
VLAN 11 missing from S2?
There is a Layer 2 loop.
The VTP domain names do not match.
Only one switch can be in server mode.
S2 has a higher spanning-tree priority for VLAN 11 than S1 does.



4.Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is considering updating the IOS on
Router1. What version of IOS is currently installed on Router1?
1
12.4
15
1841


5.Refer to the exhibit. What is placed in the address field in the header of a frame that
will travel from the San Jose router to the DC router?
DLCI 103
DLCI 301
172.16.1.18
172.16.1.19


6. A company is looking for a WAN solution to connect its headquarters site to four
remote sites. What are two advantages that dedicated leased lines provide compared to a
shared Frame Relay solution? (Choose two.)
reduced jitter
reduced costs
reduced latency
the ability to burst above guaranteed bandwidth
the ability to borrow unused bandwidth from the leased lines of other customers



7.Refer to the exhibit. Partial results of the show access-lists and show ip interface
FastEthernet 0/1 commands for router Router1 are shown. There are no other ACLs in
effect. Host A is unable to telnet to host B. Which action will correct the problem but
still restrict other traffic between the two networks?
Apply the ACL in the inbound direction.
Apply the ACL on the FastEthernet 0/0 interface.
Reverse the order of the TCP protocol statements in the ACL.
Modify the second entry in the list to permit tcp host 172.16.10.10 any eq telnet .

8. Which combination of authentication and Layer 2 protocol should be used to
establish a link between a Cisco and a non-Cisco router without sending authentication
information in plain text?
CHAP and HDLC
CHAP and PPP
PAP and HDLC
PAP and PPP


9. Which statement is true about wildcard masks?
A wildcard mask must be created by inverting the subnet mask.
A wildcard mask performs the same function as a subnet mask.
A wildcard mask of 0.0.0.0 means the address should match exactly.
A wildcard mask uses a “1” to identify IP address bits that must be checked.


10.Refer to the exhibit. ACL 120 is configured to allow traffic coming from
192.168.10.0/24 network to go to any destination limited to ports 80 and 443. ACL 130
should allow only requested HTTP traffic to flow back into the network. What additional
configuration is needed in order for the access lists to fulfill the requirements?

(1)



11.Refer to the exhibit. Communication between two peers has failed. Based on the
output that is shown, what is the most likely cause?
interface reset
unplugged cable
improper LMI type
PPP negotiation failure


12.Refer to the exhibit. Which statement about the configuration is true?
10.10.10.1 is most likely assigned to the local LAN interface.
10.10.10.1 through 10.10.10.255 is available to be assigned to users.
All DHCP clients looking for an IP address will use 10.10.10.1 and 10.10.10.2.
All DHCP clients in the 10.10.10.0/24 network will use 10.10.10.2 as the default
gateway.

13. Which statement is true about an interface that is configured with the IPv6 address
command?
IPv6 traffic-forwarding is enabled on the interface.
A link-local IPv6 address is automatically configured on the interface.
A global unicast IPv6 address is dynamically configured the interface.
Any IPv4 addresses that are assigned to the interface are replaced with an IPv6 address.



14.Refer to the exhibit. Which data transmission technology is being represented?
TDM
PPP
HDLC
SLIP


15. Which statement is true about PAP in the authentication of a PPP session?
PAP uses a two-way handshake.
The password is unique and random.
PAP conducts periodic password challenges.
PAP uses MD5 hashing to keep the password secure.

16. What can a network administrator do to recover from a lost router password?
use the copy tftp: flash: command
boot the router to bootROM mode and enter the b command to load the IOS manually
telnet from another router and issue the show running-config command to view the
password
boot the router to ROM monitor mode and configure the router to ignore the startup
configuration when it initializes


17. A system administrator must provide Internet connectivity for ten hosts in a small
remote office. The ISP has assigned two public IP addresses to this remote office. How
can the system administrator configure the router to provide Internet access to all ten
users at the same time?
Configure static NAT.
Configure dynamic NAT.
Configure static NAT with overload.
Configure dynamic NAT with overload.


18. Which statement is true about the PPP authentication phase?
CHAP uses a 2-way handshake to exchange the credentials.
PAP can perform continuous authentication after a link is established.
CHAP sends an encrypted username and password during the authentication process.
The authentication phase takes place before the NCP configuration phase begins.



19.Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is configuring Frame Relay on router
HQ. It is desired that each Frame Relay PVC between the routers be in a separate
subnet. Which two commands on HQ will accomplish this task for the connection to R1?
(Choose two.)
HQ(config)# interface S0/0/0
HQ(config)# interface S0/0/0.1 multipoint
HQ(config)# interface S0/0/0.1 point-to-point
HQ(config-subif)# frame-relay interface dlci 103
HQ(config-subif)# frame-relay interface dlci 301
HQ(config-if)# frame-relay map ip 172.16.1.1 255.255.255.0 301 broadcast


20. Which wildcard mask would specify all IP addresses from 192.168.8.0 through
192.168.15.255?
0.0.0.7
0.0.7.255
0.0.8.255
0.0.15.255
0.0.255.255


21.Refer to the exhibit. WestSW is supposed to send VLAN information to EastSW, but
that did not occur. What will force WestSW to send a VLAN update to EastSW?
Change EastSW to be a VTP server.
Reload both WestSW and EastSW at the same time.
Erase the VLAN database on EastSW and reload the switch.
Reset the configuration revision number on EastSW to zero.
Reload EastSW.


22. Which additional functionality is available on an interface when the encapsulation is
changed from HDLC to PPP?
flow control
error control
authentication
synchronous communication


23. Which three guidelines would help contribute to creating a strong password policy?
(Choose three.)
Once a good password is created, do not change it.
Deliberately misspell words when creating passwords.
Create passwords that are at least 8 characters in length.
Use combinations of upper case, lower case, and special characters.
Write passwords in locations that can be easily retrieved to avoid being locked out.
Use long words found in the dictionary to make passwords that are easy to remember.


24. Which three physical network problems should be checked when a bottom-up
troubleshooting approach has been chosen to troubleshoot network performance?
(Choose three.)
cable connectivity
high collision counts
STP failures and loops
address mapping errors
high CPU utilization rates
excess packets that are filtered by the firewall


25. A network administrator has changed the VLAN configurations on his network
switches over the past weekend. How can the administrator determine if the additions
and changes improved performance and availability on the company intranet?
Conduct a performance test and compare with the baseline that was established
previously.
Interview departmental secretaries and determine if they think load time for web pages
has improved.
Determine performance on the intranet by monitoring load times of company web pages
from remote sites.
Compare the hit counts on the company web server for the current week to the values
that were recorded in previous weeks.



26.Refer to the exhibit. Users who are connected to R1 report that they are unable to
establish connectivity to the users who are connected to router R2. A network
administrator tests the link with the debug ppp authentication command. Based on the
output shown, which statement correctly defines the problem on the link?
R1 uses PAP as a method of authentication, and R2 uses CHAP.
R1 uses CHAP as a method of authentication, and R2 uses PAP.
R1 uses an incorrect user name or password for CHAP authentication.
R2 uses an incorrect user name or password for PAP authentication.



27.Refer to the exhibit. All devices are configured as shown in the exhibit. PC1 is unable
to ping the default gateway. What is the cause of the problem?
The default gateway is in the wrong subnet.
STP has blocked the port that PC1 is connected to.
Port Fa0/2 on S2 is assigned to the wrong VLAN.
S2 has the wrong IP address assigned to the VLAN30 interface.


28. What is the result when the command permit tcp 192.168.4.0 0.0.3.255 any eq telnet
is entered in an access control list and applied on the inbound interface of a router?
All traffic that originates from 192.168.4.0/24 is permitted.
All TCP traffic is permitted, and all other traffic is denied.
All Telnet traffic from the 192.168.0.0/16 network is permitted.
All traffic from the 192.168.4.0/22 network is permitted on TCP port 23.


29.Refer to the exhibit. Router RT is not receiving routing updates from router RTA.
What is causing the problem?
The ip rip authentication key-chain command specifies exam rather than test.
The name of the keystring is not the name of the neighboring router.
The key chains are given the same name on both routers.
The passive-interface command was issued for RTA.

30. An administrator is configuring a dual stack router with IPv6 and IPv4 using RIPng.
The administrator receives an error message when trying to enter the IPv4 routes into
RIPng. What is the cause of the problem?
When IPv4 and IPv6 are configured on the same interface, all IPv4 addresses are over-
written in favor of the newer technology.
Incorrect IPv4 addresses are entered on the router interfaces.
RIPng is incompatible with dual-stack technology.
IPv4 is incompatible with RIPng.

31. Which encapsulation protocol when deployed on a Cisco router over a serial
interface is only compatible with another Cisco router?
PPP
SLIP
HDLC
Frame Relay


32.Refer to the exhibit. The corporate network that is shown has been assigned network
172.16.128.0/19 for use at branch office LANs. If VLSM is used, what mask should be
used for addressing hosts at Branch4 with minimal waste from unused addresses?
/19
/20
/21
/22
/23
/24

33. A technician has been asked to run Cisco SDM one-step lockdown on the router of a
customer. What will be the result of this process?
Traffic is only forwarded from SDM-trusted Cisco routers.
Security testing is performed and the results are saved as a text file stored in NVRAM.
The router is tested for potential security problems and any necessary changes are
made.
All traffic entering the router is quarantined and checked for viruses before being
forwarded.

34. What translation method will allow a server to always keep the same public address?
static NAT
dynamic NAT
static NAT with overload
dynamic NAT with overload


35. A network administrator is tasked with maintaining two remote locations in the
same city. Both locations use the same service provider and have the same service plan
for DSL service. When comparing download rates, it is noticed that the location on the
East side of town has a faster download rate than the location on the West side of town.
How can this be explained?
The West side has a high volume of POTS traffic.
The West side of town is downloading larger packets.
The service provider is closer to the location on the East side.
More clients share a connection to the DSLAM on the West side.

36. A light manufacturing company wishes to replace its DSL service with a non-line-of-
sight broadband wireless solution that offers comparable speeds. Which solution should
the customer choose?
Wi-Fi
satellite
WiMAX
Metro Ethernet


37.Refer to the exhibit. Company ABC expanded its business and recently opened a new
branch office in another country. IPv6 addresses have been used for the company
network. The data servers Server1 and Server2 run applications which require end-to-
end functionality, with unmodified packets that are forwarded from the source to the
destination. The edge routers R1 and R2 support dual stack configuration. What
solution should be deployed at the edge of the company network in order to successfully
interconnect both offices?
a new WAN service supporting only IPv6
NAT overload to map inside IPv6 addresses to outside IPv4 address
a manually configured IPv6 tunnel between the edge routers R1 and R2
static NAT to map inside IPv6 addresses of the servers to an outside IPv4 address and
dynamic NAT for the rest of the inside IPv6 addresses


38.Refer to the exhibit. Which statement correctly describes how Router1 processes an
FTP request packet that enters interface S0/0/0, and is destined for an FTP server at IP
address 172.16.1.5?
The router matches the incoming packet to the statement that is created by access-list
201 permit ip any any command and allows the packet into the router.
The router reaches the end of ACL 101 without matching a condition and drops the
packet because there is no statement that was created by access-list 101 permit ip any
any command.
The router matches the incoming packet to the statement that was created by the access-
list 101 permit ip any 172.16.1.0 0.0.0.255 command, ignores the remaining statements
in ACL 101, and allows the packet into the router.
The router matches the incoming packet to the statement that was created by the access-
list 201 deny icmp 172.16.1.0 0.0.0.255 any command, continues comparing the packet
to the remaining statements in ACL 201 to ensure that no subsequent statements allow
FTP, and then the router drops the packet.


39. Which characteristic of VPN technology prevents the contents of data
communications from being read by unauthorized parties?
QoS
latency
reliability
confidentiality


40. Which technology is used to dynamically map next hop, network layer addresses to
virtual circuits in a Frame Relay network?
Inverse ARP
LMI
DLCI
FECN


41.Refer to the exhibit. A technician is teaching a trainee to interpret the results of
various Frame Relay troubleshooting commands. What conclusion can be drawn from
the output that is shown?
Neighboring routers should use DLCI 177 to reach the Branch router.
DLCI 177 will be used to identify all broadcasts that are sent out the Branch router.
The Branch router has the address 192.168.3.1 configured for the S0/0/0 interface.
To reach 192.168.3.1, the Branch router will use the virtual circuit that is identified by
DLCI 177.


42. Where does a service provider assume responsibility from a customer for a WAN
connection?
local loop
DTE cable on router
demarcation point
demilitarized zone


43. A company has its headquarters office in Dallas and five branch offices located in
New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Seattle, and Atlanta. WAN links are used for
communications among offices in six sites. In planning the WAN links, the network
designer is given two requirements: (1) minimize cost and (2) provide a certain level of
WAN link reliability with redundant links. Which topology should the network designer
recommend?
star
full mesh
hierarchical
partial mesh



44.Refer to the exhibit. A system administrator must provide connectivity to a foreign
network for ten hosts in a small remote office. The commands that are listed in the
exhibit were entered into the router that connects the foreign network. The users in the
remote office report occasional failure to connect to resources in the foreign network.
What is the likely problem?
The source addresses are not correctly designated.
The translated address pool is not correctly sized.
The access-list command is referencing the wrong addresses.
The wrong interface is designated as the source for translations.

45. An issue of response time has recently arisen on an application server. The new
release of a software package has also been installed on the server. The configuration of
the network has changed recently. To identify the problem, individuals from both teams
responsible for the recent changes begin to investigate the source of the problem. Which
statement applies to this situation?
Scheduling will be easy if the network and software teams work independently.
It will be difficult to isolate the problem if two teams are implementing changes
independently.
Results from changes will be easier to reconcile and document if each team works in
isolation.
Only results from the software package should be tested as the network is designed to
accommodate the proposed software platform.


46. Which method is most effective in protecting the routing information that is
propagated between routers on the network?
Disable IP source routing.
Configure passive interfaces.
Configure routing protocol authentication.
Secure administrative lines with Secure Shell.



47.Refer to the exhibit. What happens if the network administrator issues the
commands shown when an ACL called Managers already exists on the router?
The commands overwrite the existing Managers ACL.
The commands are added at the end of the existing Managers ACL.
The network administrator receives an error stating that the ACL already exists.
The commands will create a duplicate Managers ACL containing only the new
commands being entered.


48. Which statement accurately describes a role that is played in establishing a WAN
connection?
ISDN and ATM are circuit-switched technologies that are used to establish on demand a
path through the service provider network.
Data link layer protocols like PPP and HDLC define how data is encapsulated for
transmission across a WAN link.
A packet-switching network establishes a dedicated circuit between nodes for the
duration of the communication session.
Frame Relay switches are normally considered to be customer premises equipment
(CPE) and are maintained by local administrators.


49. What are two main components of data confidentiality? (Choose two.)
checksum
digital certificates
encapsulation
encryption
hashing


50. When NAT is in use, what is used to determine the addresses that can be translated
on a Cisco router?
access control list
routing protocol
inbound interface
ARP cache


51.Refer to the exhibit. Branch A has a non-Cisco router that is using IETF
encapsulation and Branch B has a Cisco router. After the commands that are shown are
entered, R1 and R2 fail to establish the PVC. The R2 LMI is Cisco, and the R1 LMI is
ANSI. The LMI is successfully established at both locations. Why is the PVC failing?
The PVC to R1 must be point-to-point.
LMI types must match on each end of a PVC.
The frame relay PVCs cannot be established between Cisco and non-Cisco routers.
The IETF parameter is missing from the frame-relay map ip 10.10.10.1 201 command.


52.Refer to the exhibit. RIPv2 has been configured on all routers in the network.
Routers R1 and R3 have not received any RIP routing updates. What will fix the issue?
Enable RIP authentication on R2.
Issue the ip directed-broadcast command on R2.
Change the subnet masks to 10.11.12.0/8 and 172.16.40.0/16 on R2.
Enable CDP on R2 so that the other routers will receive routing updates.

53. A network administrator can ping the Perth router, but gets a „Password Required
but None Set‟ message when trying to connect remotely via Telnet. Which command
sequence must be applied to the Perth router to allow remote access?
Router(config)# line console 0 Router(config-line)# login Router(config-
line)# password cisco
Router(config)# line vty 0 4 Router(config-line)# login Router(config-line)# password
cisco
Router(config)# line virtual terminal Router(config-line)# enable login Router(config-
line)# password cisco
Router(config)# line vty 0 4 Router(config-line)# enable secret Router(config-
line)# password cisco
Router(config)# enable secret cisco Router(config)# enable cisco
54. A router does not load its configuration after a power failure. After running the show
startup-configuration command, the administrator finds that the original configuration
is intact. What is the cause of this problem?
The configuration register is set for 0×2100.
The configuration register is set for 0×2101.
The configuration register is set for 0×2102.
The configuration register is set for 0×2142. Boot system commands are not configured.
Flash memory is empty causing the router to bypass the configuration in NVRAM