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Questions on organizational structure

1 What is your understanding of a client?



From a hierarchical point of view, the client is the highest unit in the SAP system. It
symbolizes the whole company (group). All additional organizational units, which
we build now, belong to this specific client.


2
What is your understanding of a company code?

We require a company code in the SAP system to create the balance sheet and
profit and loss statement in accordance with statutory provisions. If you have
established separate legal subsidiaries, you have to create a separate company
code for each subsidiary. For branch plants without separate legal status, you do
not need a company code.

3 What is your understanding of a plant?

The plant is the central organizational unit of logistics in the SAP system.
Everything associated to logistics is assigned to the plant, for instance the sales
and purchasing organization, the warehouses and the shipping point.

4 What is your understanding of a purchasing organization?

The purchasing organization (PuOr) is responsible for the procurement of
materials.

5 What is your understanding of a storage location?

The storage location is a part of a plant. It maps the quantitative inventory
management.


6
What is the function of the company code?

We need a company code in the SAP system for the creation of the balance sheet
and profit and loss statement in accordance with statutory provisions.

7 Can several company codes be set up in a company?

Yes

8 Can a plant be assigned to a company code?

Yes

9 Can the purchasing organization be assigned to a company code?

Yes

10 Is the purchasing group assigned to a company code?

No

11 Is the storage location assigned to a company code?

No

12 Can several plants be assigned to one company code?

Yes



13 Can a company code be assigned to a controlling area?

Yes

14 Is the purchasing group assigned to a plant?

No

15 Can the purchasing organization be assigned to a company code?

Yes

16 Can the purchasing organization be assigned to a plant?

Yes

17 Can the sales office be assigned to a company code?

No

18 Can a sales organization be assigned to several company codes?

No

19 Can several plants be assigned to one sales organization?

Yes

20 Can several sales offices be assigned to one sales organization?

Yes

21 Can several sales organizations be assigned to one company code?

Yes

22 Can several company codes be assigned to one sales organization?

No

23 Can one sales organization be assigned to several company codes?

No

24 What is your understanding of a controlling area, and what is it used for?

It is used to map the cost accounting. It is thus important for the determination of
the actual operating profit and the identification of costs, which come up for a
product.

25 What is the difference between a sales organization and a sales office?

The sales office is the smaller unit, which is responsible for the actual sale. It can
be a single person or group of persons. It also refers to a specific location, from
which the sale is organized. In contrast, the sales organization is the
organizational unit within an SAP system, and it is assigned to a company code.

26 Can several controlling areas be set up in one company?

Yes

27 Can several company codes be assigned to one controlling area?

Yes


28 Does a storage location specify where the material can be found in the
warehouse? Explain your answer!

No, the storage location only shows the inventory stock. The warehouse number
specifies the place.

29 Why can an identical storage location names be used for several plants?

It is e.g. possible that there is a central storage location, which delivers to several
plants.

30 Which organizational unit is used to map a legally dependent location (e.g. a
branch)?

Plant