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ENAC School
Foreword 6
Architecture at EPFL 8
Mission. Goals. Course structure 14
Research 36
The doctoral programme 44
Highlights 48
Resources 54
Lectures. Exhibitions 58
Publications 64
Local Architecture 68
The EPFL Department of Architecture is a knowledge factory. Teachers and research-
ers work within an international, interdisciplinary environment, offering high-level tuition to
students. The Department also regularly invites critics, scholars and practising architects from
around the world to complete its stellar teaching team.
With nearly 1,050 students the Architecture Section (SAR) is EPFLs largest department;
roughly speaking, one in six of all EPFLs Bachelors/Masters students is studying architec-
ture. SAR attracted a growing number of frst-year students in 2008, 2009 and 2010, and the
Masters and Doctoral programmes are following the same upward trend. This outstanding
performance refects the quality of our teaching, the facilities and resources we provide and
our strong teacher/student ratio. Growth inevitably brings some challenges with it, in terms of
both academic support and facilities and our expanded management team is seeking solu-
tions to these challenges day by day. Within this context, even though the word perspective
is almost bound to be understood frst and foremost in its Brunelleschian sense in the archi-
tectural world, sometimes we must also be open to its other meanings, too synonymous
with point of view, a way of looking at things, a prospect for the future.
Looking towards the future for architecture at EPFL and within ENAC, the sections manage-
ment is aiming to achieve the following ambitious goals:
a school of 900 students with a studio workspace for everyone;
a school of 30 teaching staff;
a school that updates its teaching resources, substantially raising its international profle.
More specifcally the management is aiming to implement the following measures in the short
international recruitment of around 8 teaching staff at different faculty levels;
improved alignment of Minors (groups of classes focused on a specifc interdisciplinary
specialism) with the sectors of the Doctoral School. These new sectors will open up post-doc
opportunities of outstanding quality in both the professional and academic worlds.
Prospects and aspirations perspectives for the future, conjured up in few words. Yet
these words outline the framework of a programme focused on solid opportunities for growth
and realisation.
September 2011
Professor Ins Lamunire, Chair, Department of Architecture
Section darchitecture
19 August: foundation of the cole sp-
ciale pour lindustrie, les travaux publics
et les constructions civiles de Lausanne
(Lausanne special school for industry, civil
engineering and construction), a private
institution dedicated to training engineers.
Courses in engineering and architecture
lasted two years.
The cole Spciale is incorporated within
the Acadmie de Lausanne (Lausanne
Academy) as its technical faculty. From
1869 to 1890 the school had an average
of 40 students. Courses are extended to
last three years.
The Acadmie de Lausanne becomes a
university. The technical faculty becomes
the cole dIngnieurs de lUniversit de
Lausanne (Lausanne university engineer-
ing school). Three years later, courses are
extended to include a seventh semester.
The school trains engineers of various
kinds but does not train architects after
Creation of the cole darchitecture et
durbanisme (architecture and urban
planning school) proposed by Alfred
Stucky in 1942, re-connecting with the
institutions past: it had trained architects
between 1853 and 1869. Jean Tschumi
formulates an ambitious curriculum cov-
ering both the theory and practice of
architecture and urban planning.
The cole Polytechnique de lUniversit
de Lausanne (EPUL) which now has 360
students is granted autonomous status
within the university.
Architect Hans Brechbhler (1907
1989) is appointed as a full professor,
taking charge of the studio curriculum
for fourth-year architecture students.
On 18 November 1943, the main lecture theatre
of Lausanne University resonated with the speech
given by Professor Jean Tschumi (19041962) to
mark the opening of the cole dArchitecture et
dUrbanisme (school of architecture and urban plan-
ning). He addressed his students with these words:
This is where your culture will intervene and, gentle-
men, you should sacrifce a great deal on its behalf.
Develop your individual gifts, cultivate your mind.
Dont miss any opportunity to expand your know-
ledge, travel, visit, observe [...]. Draw, everywhere;
draw a great deal, draw always [...]. I know that you
will be particularly sensitive to images rather than to
abstract ideas.
The creation of a school of architecture in Lausanne
fulflled several needs, as historian Jacques Gubler
explains: The frst related to the revision of profes-
sional standards governing the practice of construc-
tion both nationwide, via the SIA (Swiss society of
engineers and architects), and within the carefully
guarded world of the various cantonal legislations. In
the canton of Vaud, apprenticeship as an architec-
tural draughtsman or a degree in architecture were
passports to private practice. From the frst months
of the war onwards, civil architecture suffered an
acute production crisis. Architects with degrees
from the Hautes coles of Zurich and Paris ex-
erted pressure to protect their rights, protesting that
draughtsmen and technicians should not be granted
signature authority. In consequence they proposed
the creation of an cole Universitaire (a university
faculty). The cause was taken up by civil engineer
Alfred Stucky, director of the cole dIngenieurs (En-
gineering School), in the autumn of 1940. From 1941
onwards, Vaud building regulations required the sig-
nature of a qualifed architect and engineer prior to
all planning application processes, and retrospective
inspections were carried out.
Jean Tschumi himself trained frst at the Technicum
(engineering school) in Biel, and then at the Institut
dUrbanisme (institute of urban planning) and the
cole Nationale Suprieure des Beaux Arts in Paris
divided his teaching into two complementary areas.
in Lausanne
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On one side were the technical subjects taught by the staff of the cole dIngnieurs (Engineer-
ing School), on the other the architectural theory and exercises. The focus was on the atelier
(studio) a crucible for ideas, the soul of the school in Tschumis words where, through
direct contact between teacher and student, and through emulation among the students, the
character, mind and imagination of future architects took shape.
In 1953, marking the centenary of the cole Polytechnique and the tenth anniversary of the
cole dArchitecture, a brochure was published presenting around 60 projects by students.
In his preface, J. Tschumi recalled the humanist approach which characterised the education
offered at Lausanne: The architect, in the profound sense of the term, the complete architect
worthy of the name, knows again that his task does not end with the building which he of
course examines in detail, down to the furniture in its rooms. He is able to look beyond his
assignment, considering the building as an element of its urban environment and of the space
it occupies.
Concluding this overview of the cole dArchitectures frst decade, we can detect the princi-
ples that will defne its future approach: an ability to adapt, a rejection of all monolithic tenden-
cies (both organisational and educational) and of any single distinctive trend in favour of an
empirical pluralism.
Hans Brechbhlers arrival as professor in 1956 was accompanied by an overhaul of the cur-
riculum based on a yearly/semester structure, synchronising the frst-year exams and the ar-
chitectural exercises. In 1959, the departure of Paul Waltensphl, who was appointed at the
same time as Brechbhler, led to the appointment of the latters assistant, Jacques Favre, who
formulated a series of proposals relating to the structure of the curriculum, the balance of the
EPUL Aula (main lecture theatre) under construction (1959-1961). Architect Jean Tschumi, engineer Franois
Rolex Learning Center (architects SANAA: Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa,Tokyo).
courses, the content of the exercises, and the conditions of internships and the degree (Gubler
1999, p.397).
The decade starting in 1968, shortly before EPUL became EPFL, was a turbulent period in
which the institution as a concept was subjected to radical re-assessment, both organisation-
ally and in symbolic terms.This debate led to the restructuring and expansion of the curriculum,
accompanied by new appointments. The move to the Avenue de lglise-Anglaise encouraged
the development of a distinctive school ethos refected in the new name of EPFL Dparte-
ment dArchitecture (DA department of architecture). The move from this city centre strong-
hold to the Ecublens campus was to prove highly controversial: after all the glise-Anglaise
address was known far and wide, and valued by its users and by visitors for its proximity to the
station, the Hotel Orient, etc.
For the school, the fnal quarter century was marked by the personalities of particular teachers,
who broadened its horizons by increasing its awareness of new trends and engaging with far-
reaching debates on architecture.
Pierre von Meiss, who taught at the school from 1968 to 2003, frmly believed that the educa-
tional process is enriched by external viewpoints: he encouraged the organisation of conferen-
ces, and established the practice of inviting regular guest lecturers which became a trademark
of the school. In this way he helped to promote the school and raise its international profle. In
the 1970s he founded and led the LEA (Laboratoire dExprimentation Architecturale labora-
tory of architectural experimentation), a resource permitting the full-scale simulation of architec-
tural spaces. The educational value of this installation proved to be in the self learning of funda-
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mental principles of spatial composition, dimensional
factors and the role of light.
Reacting to the slogans, theories and apodictic
arguments of 1968, Franz Feg, who took up his
professorship at Lausanne in 1970, issued a remind-
er that architecture should not stray into languages
other than its own which is, in the fnal instance,
that of the drawing and the plan. With this in mind
he sought to re-defne the relationship between mas-
ter and pupils, the apprenticeship process.
In Apprendre enseigner larchitecture (Learning to
teach architecture), Fegs summary of his experi-
ences as a teacher, he writes that the studio should
allow freedom of choice while at the same time im-
posing an active and creative constraint, and that
the best thing a school can offer is to give its stu-
dents not just professional expertise but also a critical
awareness of themselves. (Feg 1987, pp.13, 24).
Meanwhile Jean-Marc Lamunire, teaching architec-
ture and urban planning, focused his attention on ar-
chitectural semiology and typology and on the rela-
tionships between literary texts and the architectural/
urban space. In 1988, along with Jacques Gubler,
he founded the Institut de Thorie et dHistoire de
lArchitecture (ITHA institute of architectural theory
and history) and the Archives de la Construction
Moderne (ACM modern construction archives, see
p.43). The ITHAs initiatives are focused on educa-
tion, research, conservation and the preservation
and management of archives.
The aim of teaching architecture should not be lim-
ited to training professionally competent architects,
but should above all aim to train critical intellectu-
als with a moral conscience [...]. In substance this
means researching, in architectural terms, values
which have now become alien to us: the values of
land, sun, water, the values of history and memory.
With this in mind we focus on the quest for a formal
economy in the architectural project: a minimalist
language to affrm the authentic contents of architec-
ture. This was the agenda set out by Luigi Snozzi,
whose architectural creed is expressed equally in his
works which are internationally renowned in his
teaching practice and in his political commitment.
Projects according to Snozzi should be strongly
anchored in the land; architecture is a territorial, ur-
ban phenomenon.
From his arrival at the school as a lecturer in 1987,
Martin Steinmann concentrated on raising his stu-
dents awareness of the fact that theory and criti-
cism are necessary correlatives to construction.
He is among those who think that architecture is
not limited to the act of construction and that the
art of building is inextricable from a critical aware-
ness applied frst of all to architecture itself but also
to the world in general as Luca Ortelli wrote of
him. For Steinmann, research and teaching should
enrich each other in a process of ongoing dialogue
focusing on the key theme of housing and related
issues, contemporary architecture and its theories
and, more recently, theories of perception. Along-
side his teaching work, Steinmann publishes texts
on 20th-century architecture, organises exhibitions
which engage with the architectural debate and at-
tract international attention, and is a member of the
editorial board of Swiss architectural journals Ar-
chithese and Faces.
Drawing on the support of these guiding fgures and
on a number of seminal texts, the School of Architec-
ture is constantly engaged in the process of construct-
ing itself; its history is written into the present and its
projects locate it, lucid and resolute, within a complex
and ever-changing constellation of networks.
Konrad Wachsman is invited to Lausanne
for one semester where he completes his
treatise Wendepunkt im Bauen (translated
as The Turning Point of Building), in which
he asserts that architecture is a system of
assembly based on understanding how
joints work.
EPUL joins the Confederation and be-
comes the cole Polytechnique Fdrale
de Lausanne (EPFL).
Still regarded as an art of construction
rather than a speculative social discipline,
architecture nonetheless expands its
feld of operation to include planning and
brings in other disciplines such as sociol-
ogy and social psychology. The Institut de
Recherche sur lEnvironnement Construit
(IREC institute of research into the built
environment) is established.
EPFL celebrates its 125th anniversary and
has more than 2,000 students. Step by
step it leaves its premises in the centre
of Lausanne and moves to the Ecublens
site, fve kilometres from the Vaud capital,
where it occupies buildings from the frst
construction phase (architects: Jakob
Zweifel and Heinrich Strickler, winners of
the invited competition held in 1969).
Following his appointment by the Federal
Council in 1999, Patrick Aebischer takes
up offce as President of EPFL in March
2000. In January 2004 he becomes a
member of the Conseil des coles Poly-
techniques Fdrales (Council of Swiss
Federal Institutes of Technology).
With the opening of the northern section
of EPFL, the cole dArchitecture joins the
Ecublens campus, moving into its new
buildings (architects Dolf Schnebli, Tobias
Ammann, Sacha Menz (SAM) and Flora
Ruchat-Roncati, winners of the competi-
tion held in 1999).
Creation of the Facult de lEnvironnement
Naturel, Architectural et Construit (ENAC
faculty of the natural, architectural and
built environment) which brings together
the people and infrastructures of the three
former departments of architecture, civil
engineering and rural engineering.
The former Department of Architecture
becomes ENACs Architecture Section,
also known as the cole dArchitecture
Introduction of new curriculum in line with
the Bologna Declaration of 19 June 1999.
EPFL introduces human and social
science courses, as well as ENAC courses
for students of all three sections of the
Competition for a Learning Center (archi-
tects SANAA: Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue
Nishizawa, Tokyo); construction of the
centre started in autumn 2007.
Competition for the Life Sciences faculty
building (dl-a Devanthry & Lamunire
architects), completed in 2008.
9 October: laying of the foundation stone
of the Starling Hotel at EPFL (architect
Jean-Baptiste Ferrari). 12 November sees
the same ceremony for the students resi-
dential cooperative (architects Farra and
Fazan). Plans for expanding the campus
include a new convention centre capable
of hosting large-scale events.
Like other universities Harvard in Dubai,
MIT and the Sorbonne in Abu Dhabi, for
example EPFL prepares to write a new
chapter in its history. It opens a campus
in Ras Al Khaimah, one of the seven prov-
inces of the United Arab Emirates, where it
will be able to expand its felds of research
and develop them in a different environ-
ment. A long-term vision, inaugurating a
new era for the institutes of technology in a
region of the world which is witnessing sig-
nifcant economic and scientifc advances.
The primary mission of SAR (Section dArchitecture
the Architecture Section) is to train students to
Bachelors and Masters level. In fulflling this mission
it meets one of the objectives of EPFL whose man-
date is to prepare professionals capable of practis-
ing their profession from the time they obtain their
Masters degree.
For the institution this dual responsibility academic
and professional means maintaining high stand-
ards in terms of both theoretical knowledge and
practical competency.
SARs primary goal is to train architects who are
able to adapt to a wide range of situations and is-
sues by means of a structured methodological ap-
proach, requiring an in-depth understanding of the
interdependence of the various levels of intervention:
regional, urban, architectural. This guiding principle
ensures optimum adaptability to challenges which
are ever more complex challenges which cannot
be neatly pigeon-holed but increasingly call for a raft
of interlinked knowledge and skills.
The wide-ranging character of this course gives EPFL
architects who attain their BSc or MSc a high degree
of fexibility and the ability to adapt to the needs of
the professional world. They are fully equipped to
carry out the full range of tasks their profession may
call on them to undertake.
All over the world, urban growth with its implica-
tions for the spatial organisation of regions and ac-
tivities calls for specialists to be trained in very large
numbers. Architecture is the most high-profle and
communicative of the relevant disciplines here both
physically, via the built area itself, and virtually, through
the multitude of projects under development.
A growing number of students have grasped these
challenges and are developing career plans focusing
on architecture. Meeting these demands calls for an
approach that is both clear and thorough, with regard
to both research and teaching.
SARs emphasis is on a highly disciplined architec-
tural training that is also open to insights from other
space-related sciences; in this respect the teaching
of architecture here benefts from SARs integration
within the programmes of the faculty (ENAC) and the
Polytechnic (EPFL).
Course structure
Key strengths
_ The different forms of teaching offered
by the School aim to develop the students
ability to synthesise, integrating different
materials and subjects in a structured and
constructive way.
_ Through experimentation with research
methods around focal themes, the course
trains students in taking a methodical,
scientifc and multi-disciplinary approach,
incorporating all the various disciplines
_ The course as a whole meets all the
various criteria required by its dual focus
on project-based learning and on the
acquisition of a knowledge base: in terms
of the variety of felds studied, the diversity
of teaching methods, the range of themes
tackled and the different scales of inter-
vention (ranging from building details to
regional planning).
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A new, completely revised study programme takes effect from September 2011.
The key benefts of the new programme are:
_ Study hours and credits clearly allocated to the fve subject areas;
_ Appropriate allocation of contact hours;
_ Provision of 30-32 teaching hours per week.
SAR divides its disciplinary feld into fve subject areas which run through the whole of the
Bachelors and Masters (BA/MA) programme. Over time it is planned that these subject areas
will also correspond to the fve sections of the Architecture and Sciences of the City (EDAR)
doctoral programme:
- Architectural Design;
- Urban Design and Landscape;
- Sustainable Architecture and Building Technologies;
- Art and Architecture, Digital Representation;
- Theory and History of Architecture.
Architectural Design (BA 62/180 credits, MA 56/120 credits, MA option 73 credits)
Architectural design is taught through design theory/criticism classes and though the studio-
based architectural design project.
At BA level, Architectural Design dominates the study plan with regard both to the number of
Installation by Renate Buser on the gable of the Btiment Polyvalent, 2006.
study hours and credits. These six semesters effectively constitute an apprenticeship in the
tools, techniques, methodologies and strategies integral to architectural design. The frst year
focuses on formal representation and complex spatial geometries. The second year develops
specialist professional expertise: constructing spaces and functional programmes in relation to
a variety of contexts. The third year, divided into two semesters, opens up wider perspectives
and integrative approaches (landscape, sustainable technology, urban planning, heritage).
At Masters level, architectural design is taught over two semesters, during which attention is
focused on complex projects, hybrid structures and large-scale projects, in interaction with
related disciplinary felds. A studio-based option is currently being developed (9/30 credits),
allowing architectural design to be taught in conjunction with Minor options and specialisms.
The fnal semester of the Masters course is devoted to the MAP (Master of Architecture Pro-
ject). Uniquely, this is based on an individual statement formulated by each student who
also chooses his or her own assessment panel comprising SAR teaching staff and an external
All teaching within the Architectural Design subject area is undertaken by the IA laboratories
and by guest lecturers. At Masters level this system is supplemented by specialist workshops
with contributions from the Institut dIngnierie Civile (IIC Institute of civil engineering).
Urban Design and Landscape (BA 22/180 credits, MA option 69 credits)
This subject area is dedicated to urban studies and is taught partly via classes on the history
and theory of urban design and landscape and partly through a studio-based Urban Design
and Landscape project.
At BA level, Urban Design and Landscape classes and modules are taught across all the
semesters. Classes in urban analysis and urban design theory are held throughout the three
years of the BA programme. The introduction of studio-based teaching in semesters 5 & 6 is
planned for the future.
At MA level the teaching of Urban Design and Landscape is spread over two semesters, with
attention focused on large-scale urban planning projects linked with infrastructures and ameni-
ties, and hybrid projects combining environmental, economic and social elements. An off-site
studio (LABA-Studio Basel) will be operational from 2011, with a second off-site studio (Urban
Design and City Scale RAK) planned for 2012-13.
In 2010 a studio-based Urban Planning option (9/30 credits) was introduced as part of the
Urban Planning Minor programme.
Sustainable Architecture and Building Technologies (BA 46/180 credits, MA option 42
This subject area was reformulated between 2008 and 2010 and now forms a major compo-
nent of the study programmes classes, modules and studio work.
At BA level the teaching of Sustainable Architecture and Building Technologies comprises a
series of classes and modules in the physics of building, structures and construction. It in-
cludes the use of composite construction systems; the integration and coordination of material
technology, components and structures in architectural design; and the use of services and
management in the planning and construction process. This subject area is represented in all
teaching elements of the six project semesters with particular emphasis during the studio-
based projects of semesters 5 and 6.
19 18 19
SARs architecture courses are structured in a fex-
ible and modular way. They meet the requirements
of the Bologna Declaration, allowing students a high
degree of mobility and awarding internationally rec-
ognised qualifcations.
The teaching of architecture is based on an on-
going dialogue between theory and practice. Stu-
dents work in the architecture studio from their frst
year onwards, learning to work with space, its di-
mensions, its complex geometry, its technological
articulation, its visible and tactile expression, and
learning the language of their discipline.
The teaching is mainly based on two complementary
approaches: on the one hand, an apprenticeship in
architectural practice; on the other the acquisition of
a knowledge base in the discipline focused on the
following areas of expertise, which are explored pro-
gressively at Bachelors level and revisited in greater
depth in the Masters course: theory and history, ur-
ban and regional development, sustainable develop-
ment and building technology, art, and representa-
tion and modelling. The pure sciences like geometry
and physics are also included in the course, but with
the emphasis on their practical applications and
without calling for the level of abstraction required in
other sections of EPFL. Alongside the offcial teach-
ing provision, SAR encourages students to develop
their skills through practical exercises and project
work, where the emphasis is on the principles of
learning by doing.
Most of the professors are involved in their own inde-
pendent professional practice, which enriches their
teaching and their analysis of students project work.
The Bachelors project and the more complex Mas-
ters project are core elements of the architectural
training the focus of the ongoing dialogue between
the areas of expertise listed above and their practical
SAR welcomes a large number of invited design
critics, who play a vital role in the Schools teaching
provision, helping to drive the development of new
visions and cutting-edge research projects for the
architecture of the future. Their presence enriches
project teaching in the studio and they also contrib-
ute on an ad-hoc basis to the formal teaching of ar-
chitectural theory and history and urban planning.
Art and Architecture, Digital Representation (BA 22/180 credits, MA option 36 credits)
This subject area now constitutes an important element of the curriculum as regards the class
schedule, teaching modules and workshops.
The teaching of Art and Architecture, Digital Representation is continuous throughout the BA
and MA courses.
This subject area explores the relationship between art and architecture, focusing particularly
on various aspects of drawing and composite techniques of expression and representation.
These areas are considered within the wider perspective of aesthetic and cultural evaluation
of the arts. The aim is to develop the architecture students independent capacity for analysis
and artistic practice. This capacity includes the representation of images and concepts using
diverse techniques drawing by hand, digital design and the development and practice of
personal forms of expression: sketches, drawings, interpretations, art as a vehicle for strate-
gic and effective communication. The recent advertisement for a teaching position in Art and
Architecture, Digital Representation states that the successful applicant will have a proven
interest in assessing the current state of research in the feld of modern and contemporary art.
Currently and for 2011-2012-2013 the teaching in this subject area is delivered by an IA pro-
fessor and a team of guest lecturers led by Marie Sacconi and including Christophe Kihm and
Kerim Seiler.
Theory and History of Architecture (BA 28/180 credits, MA option 33 credits)
Theory and History of Architecture is and remains a core element of the teaching provision,
laying the foundation for the theoretical and cultural insights of architecture as a discipline.
It constitutes an important element of the curriculum as regards both classes and modules.
This subject is taught continuously throughout the BA/MA/EDAR programmes.
The teaching covers architectural history, the history of architectural theories, and contempo-
rary criticism and theory of architecture; its feld of concern can extend into theory analysis and
production in Digital Architecture and Production. The Archives de la Construction Moderne
(ACM Archives of Modern Construction) provide a key resource for this subject area.
All teaching within the Theory and History of Architecture subject area is undertaken by the IA
laboratories and by guest lecturers.
Key strengths
_ The concept of sustainable development
is now an integral component of all the
Schools teaching.
_ A growing number of programmes of-
fered on the project teaching side examine
the architectural production process, both
conceptually and in terms of its material
A new, completely revised study pro-
gramme takes effect from September
The key benefts of the new programme
_ Study hours and credits clearly allocated
to the fve subject areas;
_ Appropriate allocation of contact hours;
_ Provision of 30-32 teaching hours per
21 20
Bernard Khourys studio during the 2008 critique.
Invited Design Critics 1975-2011
Abalos Iaki, Madrid, 1998-1999
Adam Jean-Pierre, Paris, 2008-2011
Adam Bonnet Mireille, Geneva, 2012
Aeby Patrick, Zurich, 2007
Aellen Kurt, Bern, 1976
Amourgis Spiros, Athens, 1977
Andersson Stig L., Copenhagen, 2004
Andersson Thor Bjrn, Stockholm, 2003-
Anselmi Alessandro, Rome, 1992
Arroyo Eduardo, Madrid, 2004
Auberson Jean-Jacques, Geneva, 1994
Aubort Raderschall Sibylle, Meilen, 2002-
Baines Bernard, Brussels, 1997
Bakker Marco, Lausanne, 2009-2010.
Ballmoos Th. von, Zurich, 2006
Barbey Gilles, Colombier-s.-Morges, 1979.
Barkow Frank, Berlin, 2009
Bassi Andrea, Geneva, 2006
Bates Stephen, London, 2006-2007. 2007
Behnisch Stefan, Stuttgart, 2011-2012
Benton Timothy, London, 2009-2010
Berger Patrick, Paris, 1991-1992
Blanc Alexandre, Lausanne, 2009-2010.
Blumer Jakob, Bern, 1980
Boeri Stefano, Milan, 2001-2002
Bonnard Genevive, Monthey, 2004-2005
Bonell Esteban, Barcelona, 1983-1984.
Borgeaud Jean-Jacques, Lausanne, 2003
Bonnet Pierre, Geneva, 2012
Borthagaray Juan Manuel, Buenos Aires,
1989. 1990
Bsch Elisabeth, Zurich, 1995
Bsch Martin, Zurich, 1995
Boschetti Fonso, Lausanne, 1985-1986.
Botta Mario, Lugano, 1976.1980.1982
Braghieri Gianni, Milan, 1987. 1998-1999
Brunoni Ugo, Geneva, 1984-1985
Buchner Daniel, Basle, 2007-2008. 2009
Brndler Andreas, Basle, 2007-2008. 2009
Burkhalter Marianne, Zurich, 1999-2000
Busquets Joan, Barcelona, 1992-1992
Byrne Gonalo, Lisbon, 1991. 1994-1995
Cache Bernard, Paris, 2008-2009
Campobaeza Alberto, Madrid, 1997
Capua Mann Patricia, Lausanne, 2006-2007
Cavadini Raffaele, Locarno, 1988
Charbonnet Franois, Geneva, 2010-2011
Chemetov Paul, Paris, 1993-1994
Chenu Laurent, Geneva, 1996-1997
Chipperfeld David, London, 1993-1994
Choisy Jacques, Geneva, 1975
Chombart de Lauwe Paul-Henry, France,
Cocchi Guido, Lausanne, 1977
Coenen Jo, Maastricht, 1996-1997
Collomb Marc-Henri, Lausanne, 1990
Colquhoun Alan, London, 1977
Cruz Antonio, Seville, 1993
Darbellay Jean-Paul, Martigny, 1980-1981
Delefortrie Bernard, Neuchtel, 2008-2009
Della Casa Jeanne, Lausanne, 2011-2012
Desvigne Michel, Paris, 1993
Dias Adalberto, Porto, 2009
Diener Roger, Basle, 1986-1987
Dominguez Martin, Madrid, 1992
Dritsas Stylianos, London, 2009
Durisch Pia, Massagno, 2011-2012
Egg Urs, Zurich, 2010. 2011-2012
Farrel Yvonne, Dublin, 2010-2011
Fobert Jamie, London, 2007-2008
Fontoynont Marc, Vaulx-en-Velin, 1989
Frampton Kenneth, London, NewYork,
Fretton Tony, London, 1994-1995
Galantino Mauro, Milan, 1995-1997. 2000-
Geyter Xaveer de, Brussels, 2004-2005
Galletti Olivier, Lausanne, 2006-2007
Galfetti Aurelio, Bellinzone, 1985
Ganz Daniel, Zurich, 2011
Garces Jordi, Barcelona, 1996. 1998-1999
Gargiani Roberto, Florence, 1999-2000
Gazeau Philippe, Paris, 2005
Geninasca Laurent, Neuchtel, 2008-2009
Gigon Annette, Zurich, 2001-2002
Gilot Christian, Louvain, since 2004
Graf Franz, Geneva, 2005-2006
Grassi Giorgio, Milan, 1999-2000
Green Cedric, Sheffeld, 1990
Gregotti Vittorio, Milan, 1978
Gross Roland, Zurich, 1978
Gueissaz Philippe, Ste-Croix, 2000-2001
Gugger Harry, Basle, 2001
Henz Alexander, Brugg, 1978
Herden Andr de, Louvain, 1998
Hestnes Anne-Grete, Trondheim, 1996-
Hrafn Sturluson Asmundur, Reykjavik, 2012
Huet Bernard, Paris, 1982-1983. 1984.
Ibelings Hans, Amsterdam, 2005-2007
Ibos Jean-Marc, Paris, 2005
Jaccaud Jean-Paul, Geneva, 2007-2009
Junod Blaise, Lausanne, 1979
Kazuyo Sejima, Tokyo, 2006-2007
Khoury Bernard, Beyrouth, 2008
Kirchhoff Ulrich, Hong Kong, 2009. 2011
Knapkiewicz Katharina, Zurich, 2002-2003
Krier Robert, Luxembourg, 1975
23 22
Krucker Bruno, Zurich, 2006
Kuhn Felix, Aarau, 1989-1990
Kuo Jeannette, Zurich, 2011-2012
Lacaton Anne, Paris, 2003-2004. 2006.
Lamunire Ins, Carouge, 1990-1991
Lion Yves, Paris, 1994-1995. 1995-1996
Llinas y Camona Josep, Barcelona, 2000
Lucan Jacques, Paris, 1993.1994-1997
Mac Cleary Peter, Philadelphia, 1996
Mc Namara Shelley, Dublin, 2010-2011
Maerkli Peter, Zurich, 1998-1999
Mangado Patxi, Pamplona, 2010. 2011
Mangiarotti Angelo, Milan, 1975
Mansilla Luis M., Madrid, 2005
Mann Graeme, Lausanne, 2006-2007
Marques Daniele, Lucerne, 1993-1994.
Maruyama Hiroshi, Columbus, 1990
Matter Claude, Lausanne, 2006-2007
Maurios Georges, Paris, 1989-1990
Miller Quintus, Basle, 2000-2001
Mimram Marc, Paris, 1999
Mitnick Larry, Philadelphia, 1988
Moltke W.v. Von, Berlin, 1979
Moneo Jos Rafael, Madrid, 1980
Morel Claude, Geneva, 1987
Morger Meinrad, Basle, 1998
Mller Mathias, Zurich, 2005-2006
Nicolin Pierluigi, Milan, 1987
Nigli Daniel, Zurich, 2005-2006
Nishizawa Ryue, Tokyo, 2006-2007
Nolli Aldo, Massagno, 2011-2012
Ortiz Antonio, Seville, 1992-1993
Paelmke Oda, Berlin, 2003
Pagliara Pier Nicola, Rome, 2005. 2008-
Perneger Jan, Zurich, 2007
Perraudin Gilles, Lyon, 2007-2008
Pfaehler Sylvie, Lausanne, 2011-2012
Pictet Charles, Geneva, 2010-2012
Pinos Carme, Barcelona, 2001-2002
Podrecca Boris, Vienna, 1982-1983
Protzen Jean-Pierre, USA, 1975
Rampini Marco, Geneva, 2009
Rapoport Amos, Milwaukee, 1991
Rebelo Camilo, Porto, 2008. 2009. 2011
Reinhart Fabio, Lugano, 1999
Rham Philippe, Paris, 2006-2007.
Rossi Pietro de, Turin, 1987-1988
Rouillard Dominique, Paris, 2007-2008
Ryckwert Joseph, London, 1980
Sacconi Marie, Geneva, 2012
Salath Dominique, Basle, 2005-2006
Saunt Deborah, London, 2008. 2009
Sancho J. C., Madrid, 2007
Schweizer Roland, Paris, 1983
Sergison Jonathan, London, 2006-2007.
Seyler Odile, Paris, 2002
Shim Brigitte, Toronto, 2002
Sik Miroslav, Zurich, 1992-1993. 1997-1998
Siza Alvaro, Porto, 1980-1981
Slutzky Robert, USA, 1979. 1980-1981.
Snozzi Luigi, Locarno, 1984-1985
Soledad Madridejos, Madrid, 2007
Souto de Moura Eduardo, Porto, 1994.
Steithor Karason Kari, Reykjavik, 2012
Tashima Charles, London, 2006-2007
Taylor Stephen, London, 2009
Thvoz Michel, Lausanne, 2010-2011
Tschumi Alain, Bienne, 1976
Tumertekin Han, Istanbul, 2009
Tunon Emilio, Madrid, 2005
Umemoto Nanako, New York, 2012
Vassal Jean-Philippe, Paris, 2003-2004.
2006. 2010-2011
Vazquez Consuegra Guillermo, Seville,
Venezia Franco, Naples, 1989
Publications by the invited design critics studios
Christophe Beusch, Marie-Paule Mayor (ed.), X-Land. Suisse, Lausanne : Ecole polythechnique
de Lausanne, 2005.
Deborah Saunt, [Archi tec ture]. Atelier Deborah Saunt, Lausanne : SAR, 2009.
Stylianos Dritsas, [Archi tec ture]. High Density Studio, Lausanne : SAR, 2009.
Ulrich Kirchhoff, [Archi tec ture]. Vers un environnement contemporain, Lausanne : SAR, 2009.
Stephen Taylor (dir.), [Archi tec ture]. Architecture as gift to the City, Lausanne : SAR, s. d.
Charles Pictet, [Archi tec ture]. Rveries dun promeneur solitaire. 15 projets pour lle Rous-
seau Geneva, Lausanne : SAR, 2010.
Grafton Architects. Yvonne Farrell. Shelley McNamara, [Archi tec ture], Lausanne : SAR, 2010.
Ariane Widmer Pham, [Archi tec ture]. Architecture. Ingnierie civile. Ingnierie de lenvironne-
ment. Option Studio : Urban Planning, Lausanne : SAR, 2010.
Anne Lacaton. Jean-Philippe Vassal, [Archi tec ture], Lausanne : SAR, 2010.
Camilo Rebelo. Eduardo Souto de Moura, [Archi tec ture]. Room Service, Lausanne : SAR, 2010.
Vigano Paola, Milan, 2003-2004
Vitart Myrto, Paris, 2005
Vernez-Moudon Anne, Seattle, 1993
Weinand Yves, Lige, 2002-2003
Widmer-Pham Ariane, Lausanne, 2010
Woeffray Denis, Monthey, 2004-2005
Zardini Mirko, Milan, 1997-1998.1999-2000
Zbinden Ueli, Zurich, 1991-1992
Zenghelis Elia, Athnes, 1997-1998
Zoelly Pierre, Zollikon, 1986.1988
Zurbuchen Henz Maria, Lausanne, 2006-
Zurbuchen Bernard, Lausanne, 2006-2009
Zurkirchen Bruno, Lucerne, 1993-1994
25 24
The teaching of architecture at SAR
follows a progressive, integrated
pathway comprising Bachelors / in-
ternship (compulsory) / Masters (with
Minor options) / Doctoral School.
Together, these elements lasting
3 years / 12 months / 2 years / 3-4
years respectively constitute a fex-
ible educational programme tailored
to the dual mission of fulflling both
academic and professional require-
The Masters in Architecture sec-
tion has been accredited in Switzer-
land by the OAQ (Swiss Centre of
Accreditation and Quality Assurance
in Higher Education) and in France
by the CTI (Commission des Titres
dIngnieur engineering qualifca-
tions commission); an application for
offcial Europe-wide recognition of
EPFLs architecture qualifcation has
been submitted by the OFFT (Swiss
federal offce of professional train-
ing and technology). The course at
EPFL fulfls the European criteria as
a discipline-based university training
programme of fve years duration,
including the teaching of professional
studies specialisms at Masters level
(construction economics and law).
The Bachelors programme mainly
comprises compulsory classes, in
order to provide all students with a
common knowledge base. The in-
ternship is an opportunity to acquire
real-life experience of project work.
The teaching of architectural design
continues into the Masters pro-
gramme; beyond this the programme
mainly comprises optional courses
allowing each student to design
their own course of study. A range
of Minor options allows considerable
scope for individual choice.
NB: a Minor represents 30 credits; it
comprises a set of classes, a module
and/or a studio option devoted to a
particular interdisciplinary specialism.
Eventually, EDAR will be structured in
sections matching the Minor options
available. These different sections will
open up post-doc opportunities of
outstanding quality in both the pro-
fessional and the academic world.
At BA level, Architectural Design
dominates the curriculum with regard
both to the number of study hours
and credits. These six semesters ef-
fectively constitute an apprenticeship
in the tools, techniques, methodolo-
gies and strategies integral to archi-
tectural design. The frst year focuses
on formal representation and com-
plex spatial geometries. The second
year develops specialist professional
expertise: constructing spaces and
functional programmes in relation to
a variety of contexts. The third year,
divided into two semesters, opens
up wider perspectives and integra-
tive approaches (landscape, sus-
tainable technology, urban planning,
The Masters in architecture draws
on the polytechnic tradition of train-
ing architects who are both design-
ers and practicians, possessing a
solid base of theoretical expertise.
The course takes place over two
years (120 ECTS credits) and its pro-
gramme offers a wide variety of elec-
tive elements and options (two-thirds
of the total credits), combined with
compulsory courses which deliver
the academic and professional train-
ing outlined above.
27 26
For the last two years the Masters projects have been brought together in a publication
entitled MAP+year designed to showcase them to the outside world. As the preface of the
2010 edition states: The Masters project is an important and very special stage in a students
life. Students are free to choose their subject, which frequently refects their personal preoc-
cupations. Research is undertaken alone or in pairs. Interactions are different. Each individual
proceeds at his or her own pace, with periodic critiques attended by the monitoring team.
Co-students questions and comments provide support. Individuals work autonomously, free
of timetable constraints and deadlines, and designs progress according to their own personal
preference. Despite this isolation the group spirit persists a spirit different in nature from the
studio atmosphere. Individuals confront their own unique challenges even though all have
the same brief to fulfl.
The examples presented on the following pages were selected from recent projects which
won prizes and/or achieved the highest possible mark (6). They demonstrate our students
interest across a very broad spectrum of issues, refecting the changes currently confronting
the world, the diversity of themes selected and the wide range of architectural and planning
solutions proposed.
Estelle LPINE, Chlo ANDEREGG, Six ans aprs , dans MAP10, Lausanne : EPFL/ENAC/ASAR,
2010, p. 3.
Exhibition of the Master projets in Architecure 2011 in the hall of the SG building.
At Masters level, architectural design is taught over two semesters, during which attention is
focused on complex projects, hybrid structures and large-scale projects, in interaction with
related disciplinary felds. A studio-based option is currently being developed (9/30 credits),
allowing architectural design to be taught in conjunction with Minor options and specialisms.
The fnal semester of the Masters course is devoted to the MAP (Master of Architecture
Project). Uniquely, this is based on an individual statement formulated by each student who
also chooses his or her own assessment panel comprising SAR teaching staff and an external
Masters project
The Masters project, whether it is architectural, urban or regional in scale, must refect the stu-
dents knowledge of architectural theory and history, sociology and economics, construction,
the study of structures, the physics of construction, the plastic arts and the various forms of
representation and modelling. It accounts for 30 ECTS credits, alongside the 90 of the Mas-
ters programme itself. Students enjoy a high degree of autonomy in managing their project,
which lasts one semester, selecting their own project topic, location and the members of their
supervisory team. This practical architectural project allows them to synthesise the concepts
they have learned during the course, integrating them with analysis of issues relating to town
planning, sociology and history. It is through their project work and the development of the
focused theoretical expertise this requires that students gradually shape their own architectural
vision and independent approach.
29 28
3_Fanny Christinaz. Julie Devayes, 2011.
A new vision for a port district. Dialogue between
a port of Old Europe and challenges facing the
contemporary world
(Lisbon, Portugal).
Prix SIA.
4_Damien Carugati, 2011.
An urban lake crossing (Geneva).
Prix Arditi.
5_Laetitia Bernasconi. Jol Loutan, 2011.
Redefning an alpine site: Flaine as a case study
(Haute-Savoie, France).
6_Jonathan Hermann. Martin Risch, 2011.
A residential bridge for the port of Kleinhnigen on the
7_Stphane Grandgirard. Vincent Mermod, 2011.
Rhodanic Republic in the Alps: a discussion space in the
mountains (Valais).
8_Aurlie Harlin. Charlotte Thietart, 2011.
Recapturing the Marne riverside: a multipurpose complex
for an itinerary of locations and connections (Paris region,
1_Mlanie Althaus, 2011
Theatres at Nordkreuz Berlin. Stages for theatre and living
Prix SIA.
2_Guillaume Clivaz. Yuri Kravchenko, 2011.
Autour dEdward Hopper. Towers in Zurichs District 5.
Prix sia.
31 30
1_Johanna Daniels, 2010.
Projecting a positive footprint on the
2_Renaud Ganire. Lucas Vincent, 2010
See-through living spaces
3_Aline Juon, 2010.
A new take on the garden city.
Residential area in Geneva.
4_Shin Koseki, 2010.
From superstructure to super high-rise: an
architectural response to an infrastructural
Arditi prize.
5_Estelle Lpine, 2010.
A new mountain refuge for lAiguille du Goter, Saint-Ger-
vais, (Haute-Savoie, 74, France).
6_Jessica Matthey-de-lEndroit. Nathalie Pochon, 2010.
A new use for a derelict industrial space: the former abat-
toirs at La Chaux-de-Fonds (Neuchtel).
7_Alice Dunoyer, 2010.
Montages. Musical box factory and cine-
matic laboratory, Sainte-Croix (Vaud).
WISH Prize
8_Alexandre Aviolat
Windows overlooking a courtyard. Gun-
deldingen district, Basle.
SIA Prize
5_Xavier Apotheker, Micaela Lepori, 2009.
Flagship project for the GrandPlace de
Vevey (Vaud).
SIA Switzerland/Vaud section prize
6_Eglantine Bigot-Doll, 2009.
Teratomorphic scientifc observatory, En-
vers des Aiguilles de Chamonix (Haute-
Savoie, France).
7_Christa Balmer, Annina Inbnit, Ann
Linder, 2009.
An industrial enclave opens up to urban life
in Wedel (Germany).
8_Telma Gonalves, Dounia Jendly, 2009.
Residential conversion of a former tile fac-
tory and restoration of an 18th-century
house in Le Mouret (district of Ferpicloz,
1_Gatan Evquoz, Christoph Schwan-
der, 2009.
SO36 prefabricated: a residential model
for Kreuzberg (Berlin, Germany).
SIA Switzerland / Vaud section prize (dis-
2_Lorraine Beaudoin, Christophe Joud,
Berlin between the lines. Jannowitz Brcke
station from infrastructure to building (Ber-
lin, Germany).
Arditi prize.
3_Jol Meylan, Nicolas Sedlatchek, 2009.
An arts centre in Geneva.
Arditi prize.
4_Martin Latham, 2009.
Divided territory: abundance in limitation.
Centre for the study and conservation of
biodiversity (Nogales, USA and Mexico).
SIA Switzerland/Vaud section prize
32 33
35 34
5_Cdric Liardet, Jean Wagner, 2008.
Maximum offer, minimum energy. A hotel
for the Palais de Beaulieu in Lausanne
Construction and sustainable develop-
ment prize (BG Ingnieurs-Conseils/Con-
sulting Engineers).
6_Florian Chazeau, Lucie Murisier, 2008.
Energy Island, Mumbai (India).
7_Nathanal Chollet, Yann Gramegna,
The energy question in the megalopolis.
An alternative power station for Tokyo (Ja-
8_Lonard Gurtner, Frdric Karam,
El Hub (Lebanon).
8 4
1_Claire Buffier, 2008.
Earth architecture: a professional training
centre for builders in Bamako (Mali, Africa).
Arditi prize.
SIA Switzerland/Vaud section prize.
2_Denis Dorsaz, 2008.
Conversion of buildings in Plan de la M-
reune, Dornaz district (Valais).
Construction and sustainable develop-
ment prize (BG Ingnieurs-Conseils/Con-
sulting Engineers).
3_Sara Formery, Sibylle Kssler, 2008.
Berlin overexposed. A steam baths at
Schlesische Strasse 33-34 (Germany).
SIA Switzerland/Vaud section prize
4_Sonja Huber, 2008.
AccueilVille gateway facility to welcome
tourists and residents in Davos (Grisons).
SIA Switzerland/Vaud section prize
At EPFL, teaching and research in architecture is a
fast-growing feld: nearly 400 students registered for
the frst year of the course in the 2010-2011 aca-
demic year, refecting the interest among young peo-
ple for a discipline which encompasses an increas-
ingly broad range of issues.
And theres no doubt about it: our discipline faces
problems that are ever more complex in nature,
clearly echoing the radical changes currently impact-
ing society as a whole. Urbanisation, like healthcare,
is one of the crucial issues for the planets future.
Against this background issues such as social en-
gagement, economy, environment, energy, herit-
age and construction technology are central areas
of concern, forming a web of interconnections with
the architect located right at its heart, safeguarding
the quality of the spaces where these various issues
converge. An EPFL architect belongs to the world.
The IA is currently structured in fve subject areas
areas which complement each other and also align
with the research and teaching priorities identifed
by the various supervisory bodies within EPFL (the
Dean, supervisory board of SAR and IA, teaching
commission, teaching staff committee, advisory
Architectural and Urban Design
This subject area corresponds to a central focus of
research and teaching: urban and architectural de-
sign. All the laboratories grouped within this subject
area are studio-based, and the research they con-
duct addresses various aspects of architectural de-
sign theoretical/functional, formal, technical, stylis-
tic, etc. The Architectural and Urban Design subject
area includes the following laboratories:
AIC - Atelier : institutions de la cit Full Prof. Patrick
Taking its bearings from both the history of architec-
ture and from modernity, the Laboratorys research
attempts to measure out certain concepts concern-
ing the defnition of space, its implementation and
its depiction. In more precise terms, it homes in on
IA Laboratories
ACM: Modern Construction Archives
(Pierre Frey).
_AIC: Studio of Architecture and the Citys
Institutions (Patrick Mestelan). http://aic.
_ALICE: Design Studio on the Conception
of Space (Dieter Dietz).
_LABA: Laboratory for the Production of
Architecture (Harry Gugger). http://laba.
_LAMU: Laboratory of Architecture and
Urban Mobility (Ins Lamunire). http://
_LAST : Laboratory of Architecture and
Sustainable Technologies (Emmanuel
_LAURE: Laboratory of Urban Architecture
(Andrea Bassi).
_LCC: Construction and Conservation
Laboratory (Luca Ortelli). http://lcc2.epf.
_LDM1: Design and Media Laboratory
(Jeffrey Huang).
_LIPID : Laboratory of Performance-Inte-
grated Design (Marilyne Andersen). http://
_LIV: Information Technology and De-
visualisation Laboratory (Georges Abou
_LTH l: Theory and History of Architecture
Laboratory 1 (Jacques Lucan). http://ltha.
_LTH 2: Theory and History of Architecture
Laboratory 2 (Bruno Marchand). http://
_LTH 3: Theory and History of Architecture
Laboratory 3 (Roberto Gargiani). http://
_TSAM: Laboratory of Techniques for
Safeguarding Modern Architecture (Franz
_UTA: Laboratory of Urban and Regional
Planning and Architecture (Patrick Berger).
39 38
Evolver, conceived and realised by ALICE laboratory for the Zermatt Festival, 2009.
the complex relations between architecture and its territory or the city in which its edifces are
erected, on the meaning of the symbolism of architectural and urban apertures and on the
great architectural archetypes which assimilate the public institutions of western society along
the route that defnes public space and urban structure.
ALICE - Atelier de la conception de lespace Associate Prof. Dieter Dietz
The key hypothesis of the ALICE research activities places built space within the focus of hu-
man and technological processes. ALICE promotes open processes, i.e. non-deterministic,
synthetic design methodologies that are both, creativity as well as hypothesis and data driven.
Through our design research we investigate the tools that are necessary to establish the link
between different spatial frames at the interstices of the natural environment and its artifcial
LAMU - Laboratoire darchitecture et mobilit urbaine Full Prof. Ins Lamunire
LAMUs aim is to develop and renew the analyses of architectural theory pertaining on the
one hand to architecture in urban environments and on the other to the consequences both
theoretical and formal imposed and facilitated by the new mobility-driven lifestyles of contem-
porary societies. To do this it focuses on exploring new ways of understanding the architectural
and urbanist developments of the 20th century, integrating these approaches within a contem-
porary vision. LAMUs research and teaching are focused on complex, large-scale architectural
design in interaction with mobility infrastructures.
LAURE - Laboratory of Urban Architecture Associate Professor Andrea Bassi
LAUREs teaching and research focus on two areas: urban architecture and energy analysis.
Urban architecture is conceived as socially-responsible architecture operating within the rules
of urban governance. The designs produced by the laboratory test the constraints of dense
urban environments and the question of mixed functionality on real urban sites, using a se-
quenced design methodology which progressively tackles the various scales of architectural
design, addressing urban forms and structural detail. The aim is to build a collective awareness
of sustainable development issues.
LCC - Laboratoire de construction et conservation Full Prof. Luca Ortelli
LCCs research activities are mainly oriented toward housing and architecture conservation,
the latter to be considered much more in a design vision than according to the traditional
architectural restoration. Other felds of investigation are linked with building materials and
techniques and an ongoing intersection between history and the theory of urban and land
planning, considered as disciplines derived from architecture. In all research projects, the Lab
is practicing an original approach based on interdisciplinary practice, the aim is to go beyond
the typical separation between technical and historical research in architecture.
LDM1 - Laboratoire de design et media (ENAC/IC) Full Prof. Jeffrey Huang
LDM1s research explores the vision of bringing the physical and virtual environments together.
Professor Huangs team investigates the possibility of combining physical architecture and
information structures to support integrated offine and online processes for everyday activi-
ties, such as learning, working, governing and healing. LDM1s current projects focus on the
integration of physical computing (sensors, actuators, RFID, LEDs, etc.) into architecture and
cities, the design of digital space, such as 3D information game and navigation interfaces, and
more generally, the understanding of design thinking.
UTA Urban, Rural and Architectural Planning Laboratory Full Professor Patrick Berger
The research undertaken by UTA addresses various issues including: new representations of
natural and built environments, the functional programme as agent of urban and architectural
morphogenesis, the planning challenges of multiscale projects, using geometral projection to
optimise architectural form, correlations between density and mixed use, and fnally the inter-
action between the architectural object and its location.
Urban Planning and Landscape
This discipline addresses questions relating to urban and regional planning, undertaking re-
search focused on contemporary challenges at various levels covering everything from met-
ropolitan regions to local issues. Its research interests focus on the interactions between prob-
lems of various kinds including urbanisation, transport, environment, landscape, architectural
design and virtual modes of representation among others. The Urban Planning and Landscape
subject area is currently represented by LABA laboratory see below pending further col-
laborations in the future, in particular with INTERs upcoming Master in Urban Planning and
Engineering programme.
41 40
Sustainable Architecture and Building Technologies
This domain concerns the relationship between construction, technology and sustainable de-
sign. It refers to the integration and coordination of the most recent applied research in the
technology of materials, built components and structures, services and management in the
planning and construction process, with emphasis on energy effcient architecture. This know-
how also touches the techniques and conservation of modern and contemporary architectural
The Sustainable Architecture and Building Technologies subject area comprises the following
LAST - Laboratory of Architecture and Sustainable Technologies Tenure Track Assistant Prof.
Emmanuel Rey
LAST is initiating several interdisciplinary research projects in this starting development phase.
Research aims at contributing to the sustainability of the built environment by optimising the
integration modalities of environmental, socio-cultural and economical parameters in the archi-
tectural project. To reinforce the ethos of quality understood in a wide sense, research projects
focus on supporting the emergence of new knowledge in the feld of sustainable architecture.
LABAs workshop with National Technical University of Athens, Benaki Museum, November the 25
LABA - Laboratoire de la production darchitecture Full Prof. Harry Gugger
LABA merges analytical research methodologies with creative design, seeking to develop and
refne methodologies that produce ideal solutions for specifc programmes, locations, tech-
nologies or conditions. LABA engages its teaching and research with three interconnected
topics: Design as mediator of the urban context; environmental and energy technologies and
their changing infuence on architecture and urban systems; digital tools and their infuence on
the design and production of architecture.
Theory and History of Architecture
The aim of the Theory and History of Architecture as a discipline is to nurture and revitalise
analysis and research in architectural history and theory at local, national and international
level. Its primary missions are to apply its expertise and experience in these felds, to gener-
ate research on issues within its own feld and in interdisciplinary felds, and to publicise the
results in publications, lectures and presentations of various kinds. The Theory and History of
Architecture subject area comprises the following laboratories:
ACM Archives of Modern Building Adjunct Professor Pierre Frey
The scientifc research undertaken at ACM occupies two main areas. The frst of these areas
relates to vernacular architecture and is concerned with relating experiences derived from
vernacular traditions to contemporary building practices; it is divided into fundamental theo-
retical research and empirical research in the feld. The second main research area comprises
thematic or monographic research based on the cataloguing of archives conserved at ACM.
LTH1 - Laboratory of Theory and History of Architecture 1 Associate Prof. Jacques Lucan
LTH 1 pursues research work into the theory of architecture and its history, and explores spe-
cifc problematical issues to develop an understanding of the ways in which an architectural
project is conceived, particularly at doctorate level. In the area of research, the LTH 1s work
is developing in three main directions: the history of compositional procedures and the ques-
tions related to non-compositional processes; the architectural appropriation of readymade;
ornamental envelopes in contemporary architecture.
LTH2 - Laboratory of Theory and History of Architecture 2 Full Prof. Bruno Marchand
LTH2s research has two main directions: frstly the theory of post World War II architecture
(from the 1940s to the end of the 1960s), considered both in a broad, international context and
the more restricted one of French-speaking Switzerland; and secondly housing theory, notably
contemporary production considered from the point of view of major themes such as density,
peri-urban situations and appropriations (transition spaces).
LTH3 - Laboratory of Theory and History of Architecture 3 Full Prof. Roberto Gargiani
LTH3 has been involved in various research activities based on architectural experiences of the
Sixties and the Seventies followed by an important number of publications (Archizoom, Super-
studio); meanwhile, the laboratorys main research topic is the history of construction. LTH3
has also been actively collecting essays dedicated to this feld, from antiquity to the present
and based on the idea of breaking down the building into its component parts such as the
column, the foor, the walls, the vaults, etc.
43 42
LIPID Laboratory of Performance-Integrated Design Associate Prof. Marilyne Andersen
LIPID focuses its activities around the integration of building performance considerations in the
architectural design process. With daylighting and passive solar strategies as strategic areas,
research conducted at LIPID ranges from new faade technologies to interactive visualisation
methods or climate-based performance metrics, with a common overarching goal of promot-
ing energy-effciency and human comfort and health within buildings.
TSAM - Laboratoire des techniques et de la sauvegarde de larchitecture moderne Associate
Prof. Franz Graf
TSAM develops and advances knowledge concerning the techniques and conservation of
modern and contemporary architectural heritage. This multidisciplinary feld involves histori-
cal research as well as materials and building practice, economics and environment. It also
involves working to develop specifc strategies relating to project design (maintenance, con-
servation, restoration, rehabilitation, renovation, re-use and extension) in which theoretical and
technical knowledge come together.
Art and Architecture, Digital Representation
This domain concerns the relationship between Art and Architecture, particularly in the felds of
drawing and mixed media techniques, expression and representation, integrated in an aesthet-
ic and cultural evaluation of the arts. It concerns the representation of images and concepts
through a variety of freehand drawing techniques as well as multiple technical media, the de-
velopment and cultivation of individual forms of expression in the areas of sketching, drawing,
interpretation, work strategies and impact-orientated art statements. Finally it is also clearly
oriented simulation and visualisation processes.
The Art and Architecture, Digital Representation subject area is represented by the following
laboratory, with support from guest lecturers and pending future appointments (see p.18):
LIV - Laboratoire dinformatique et de visualisation Associate Prof. Georges Abou-Jaoud
LIVs research is mainly oriented mainly towards simulation and visualisation processes. The-
refore, the lab manages and participates in multidisciplinary projects ranging from architecture,
to industrial design or fight simulators, maths, physics and life sciences. LIVs know-how links
high power computing to visualisation, Computer virtual animations and rapid prototyping to
product design, special effects and numerical animations to conceptual representation.
Professor Bruno Marchand, Director of the Institute of Architecture and Urban Development
until July 2011
The doctoral
The Architecture and Sciences of the City (EDAR)
doctoral programme formerly titled Architecture,
City, History brings together within a single doctoral
course the worlds of architecture and of the social
sciences relating to living spaces. The EDAR doctoral
programme is based on two fundamental principles:
a strong link between fundamental and applied re-
search which may take many different forms and
The connection between theory and practice means
that the project itself, whatever its content (architec-
ture, urbanism, regional development), and the stake-
holders involved (ranging from individual residents to
the whole of society) is not just a vehicle for the re-
search fndings but itself is also subject to analysis. In
todays world, analysis of any initiative is inseparable
from the initiative itself; without appropriate refection
the players involved may well expose themselves
to ineffciency and failure, with very serious conse-
quences. This makes tackling the major theoretical
and epistemological questions a vital necessity, for
everyone. It is a strategy that involves reconciling the
dual complexity of intellectual analysis and situation-
specifc action within a single approach.
Interdisciplinarity as conceived in the EDAR doctoral
programme is multi-dimensional. It is located within
architecture (history, theory, project) and within urban
science (geography, urban sociology, the economics
of the environment and of habitation, networks and
urban planning), and also spans these two felds,
refecting the multi-dimensional character of issues
relating to urbanism, mobility, space and habita-
tion. Finally an openness to mathematics, and to
the material, life and engineering sciences, is one of
the defning characteristics of EDARs doctoral pro-
gramme. The programme has a special relationship
with ENAC, the school of architecture, civil and envi-
ronmental engineering, which regards interdisciplinar-
ity and transdisciplinarity as fundamental and which
provides a large proportion of EDARs teaching staff
and postgraduates.
The EDAR doctoral programme is part of the doctoral
school of EPFL, one of the worlds leading universi-
ties and probably the leading institution in the French-
Prof. Jacques Lvy
Prof. Luca Ortelli
Prof. Roberto Gargiani
Prof. Vincent Kaufmann
Prof. Jacques Lucan
Thesis supervisors
Prof. Georges Abou Jaoud
Prof. Andrea Bassi
Prof. Michel Bierlaire
Prof. Jean-Claude Bolay
Prof. Arduino Cantfora
Dr. Elena Cogato Lanza
Prof. Dieter Dietz
Prof. Matthias Finger
Prof. Pierre Frey
Prof. Roberto Gargiani
Prof. Franz Graf
Prof. Harry Gugger
Prof. Jeffrey Huang
Prof. Vincent Kaufmann
Prof. Ins Lamunire
Prof. Jacques Lucan
Prof. Jacques Lvy
Prof. Bruno Marchand
Prof. Patrick Mestelan
Prof. Valrie November
Prof. Luca Ortelli
Prof. Martin Schuler
Prof. Philippe Thalmann
Prof. Yves Weinand
Each doctoral programme represents a
group of laboratories active within a single
Deadlines for receipt of applications
30 April and 15 September
47 46
speaking world for the quality of its students, the calibre of its professors, its working environ-
ment, scientifc output and the future careers of its alumni. Within this cutting-edge institute of
technology, architecture plays a role that is at once central and highly distinctive. The social
sciences have established a dynamic, widely respected reputation in the ENAC faculty and more
generally within EPFL, which in this faculty and also in the College of Humanities and College of
Management of Technology places a strong emphasis on this discipline as part of its students
The EDAR doctoral programme welcomes postgraduates selected for their strong academic
record and originality of approach, whether or not they have previously studied at EPFL. It offers
them an outstanding working environment one which takes account of the need for individual
autonomy in their introduction to research, while establishing a strong relationship with their re-
search supervisor and also laying a solid foundation of knowledge for them to build on. In their
frst year all postgraduates undertake three courses which provide an introduction to research
within the programmes felds; after this the teaching offer is structured around weekly blocks
and annual seminars. At this point the two streams architecture and social sciences diverge,
although the programme also provides opportunities for further interdisciplinary convergence.
Stream A History, Theory and Heritage is open to all research proposals which seek to
push back the boundaries of knowledge in the intrinsic questions of history and theory, viewed
primarily from the perspective of architectural design processes and particularly in terms of con-
struction and composition. The terms construction and composition are understood in the
broader sense here: encompassing materials and their characteristics, structures and statics,
project criteria as defned by architectural treatises and writings, through to the non-composi-
tional processes of contemporary architectural and artistic creations. The choice of construction
and composition as defning concepts for the various research projects refects a belief that these
two disciplines comprise the two extremes often perceived in terms of confict on which the
creative process in architecture is founded.
Stream B City, Urbanism and Mobility is aimed at architecture, engineering and social sci-
ence students who wish to research a thesis on contemporary developments within the urban
phenomenon. Both the material manifestations of the urban environment and urban lifestyles
are undergoing a radical transformation. The increase in travel is transforming neighbourhood
relationships; globalisation is going hand in hand with a metropolisation of cities and of power;
as cities extend their reach, driven by the growth of major transport networks, their fabric frag-
ments; violence, poverty and exclusion stigmatise whole districts, undermining the concept of
the community. Understanding the challenges of the contemporary city, what comprises the
substance of the urban phenomenon, the modes of action available to urban stakeholders and
the effects of their decisions and investments calls for sophisticated, highly specialised analysis,
and an ability to transcend traditional perspectives in order to comprehend existing forms and
experiences in their entirety.
In 2010 EDAR launched a Complex Projects section a research specialism with signifcant
theoretical and design implications. A ProDoc (doctoral programme) project entitled ComplexDe-
sign was submitted to the Swiss National Science Foundation and accepted in July 2011, paving
the way for the funding of postgraduate assistants (Candocs) in this section.
Opposite : Page from Irne Vogel Chevroulets dissertation, La cration dune japonit moderne (1870-
1940), ou Le regard des architectes europens sur le Japon : J. Conder, R. Mallet-Stevens, B. Taut et C.
Perriand, Lausanne : EPFL [Thesis N 4557], 2009. Director : Jacques Lucan.
Selected events involving IA laboratories and their team members (see website at http://
21.10.11 - Ins Lamunire (LAMU) and Patrick Devanthry of architecture practice dl-a are
awarded the Prix Meret Oppenheim by Switzerlands Federal Offce of Culture. The prize is
awarded to artists and architects who have produced a signifcant body of work, reconciling
theoretical analysis with contemporary artistic and architectural trends.
21.7.2011 - LAMU, as lead applicant, is granted funding for its ComplexDesign doctoral pro-
gramme; UNIFR and UNINE (the universities of Fribourg and Neuchtel) are also involved in this
three-year research programme.
21.07.11 - Prof. Marilyne Andersen, head of the [] LIPID and member of the PLEA techni-
cal committee, attended the Passive and Low Energy Architecture (PLEA) 2011 conference in
Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium on July 13-15, 2011. One of her articles was granted the PLEA 2011
Best Paper Award by an international jury, amongst the 120 peer-reviewed papers that had been
selected for oral presentations.
04.07.11 - Prof. Emmanuel Rey from the LAST was the guest of the Association of Urban Plan-
ning Professionals of the Languedoc - Roussillon (APULR). During his lecture given at the INSET
in Montpellier, he presented operational strategies to create sustainable neighborhoods and de-
tailed the main conditions to create an alternative to urban sprawl.
14.06.11 No mad living at Quai Branly. For this museum of early civilisations in Paris, Lopold
Banchini an assistant at LABA created NOMAD, a camp-style area where visitors are invited
to relax, think and spend time.
24.05.11 - As part of the National Project Sustainable Neighborhoods, the [] LAST produces
a book published by the Swiss Federal Offce for Spatial Development and the Swiss Federal
Energy Offce. Available in French, German and Italian, this publication is a synthesis of the main
issues conceptual, methodological and operational particular to projects addressing sustain-
ability at the scale of a neighbourhood.
24.05.11 - Prof. Emmanuel Rey of the LAST took part in the round table of the Sustainable Devel-
opment Forum organized on 18th May 2011 by the Swiss Federal Offce for Spatial Development
and the Swiss Federal Offce of Energy at the Kursaal Congress Center in Bern. This event, in
which more than 300 participants took part, allowed evaluating the situation on matters such as
research and practice in the feld of sustainable neighbourhoods.
12.05.11 - Among the one hundred personalities chosen for this seventh edition of the Forum of
the 100 by the magazine LHebdo, Marilyne Andersen, Associate Professor at ENAC and Head
of the laboratory LIPID, was nominated for her work and her academic career.
11.05.2011 Second session of the Interdisciplinary Concrete Forum Le bton, matire en
devenir (Concrete, material of the future) organised by LAURE.
51 50
01.04.11 - The the [] LAST is an academic partner of the 6th edition of the Ecoparc Forum.
Entitled (Re)build the city differently? and within the celebration of the millennium of the city of
Neuchtel, this forum represents the opportunity to bring together researchers, practitioners
and people responsible of public communities to question on the sustainability of urban areas.
29.03.11 Eduardo Souto de Moura wins the 2011 Pritzker Prize. The 58-year-old Portuguese
architect, currently a guest professor at the EPFL School of Architecture, will receive his prize in
Washington on 2 June. He follows in the footsteps of Japanese architecture offce Sanaa, guest
professors at SAR in 2006-2007, who designed EPFLs Learning Center.
17.03.11 - Marilyne Andersen [LIPID, and her Masters student from MIT, Kevin Thuot are] cur-
rently working with HULIC, a Japanese real estate development company, on their future general
headquarters in Tokyo Tokyo, seeking to fnd a mean of bringing daylight deep into offce spaces.
[] The challenge resides in the ability to illuminate spaces beyond 10 metres in depth without
creating any glare, that works both in sunny and overcast conditions, and that respects the con-
straints of a curtain wall faade for this 10-storey building.
18.03.11 - Le bton assembl, ou le raffnement de la culture constructive franaise de laprs-
guerre (Prefabricated concrete the elegance of the French construction culture in the post-war
period] Lecture by Yvan Delemontey (TSAM) at ENSA Paris-Versailles.
16.03.11 Architects BassiCarella will be exhibiting their work on prefabrication in gallery i2a
from 16.3 to 14.4.2011. For the last four years they have been carrying out a research project
on the prefabrication of monolithic walls with a high insulating capability, a project conducted in
partnership with the LAURE laboratory (EPFL ENAC IA) and with companies specialising in this
feld [] an interesting convergence of university expertise and industrial commitment.
10.02.11 Rockbund Shanghai. Februarys issue of the magazine werk bauen + wohnen fea-
tures an article by Frdric Frank, scientifc assistant at LTH2, on a major urban regeneration
project undertaken by David Chipperfeld Architects in Shanghai.
10.02.11 - Marilyne Andersen, professor since fall 2010 at the LIPID [], is among the twenty
personalities selected by the magazine Bilan of 02.02.2011 (No. 2) in a report on innovation in
26.01.11 - Wallpaper*, the fashion and design bible, has named the Rolex Learning Center the
best new public building of 2010. Two EPFL doctoral students in architecture, Estelle Lpine et
Shin Koseki, have also been distinguished among the international candidates.
26.01.2011 Three projects by dl-a (Devanthry & Lamunire architects) have been selected
to feature in a special edition of a+u dedicated to Swiss architecture between 2000 and 2009:
Fleuret Law Library, the primary school at Rolle, and the school and centre of the Cressy, Bernex
and Confgnon districts in Geneva.
20.01.11 - At an event organized to mark the 10th anniversary of the association Ecoparc in
Neuchtel, Prof. Emmanuel Rey of the [] LAST was invited to present the issues related to the
integration of sustainability in urban and architectural projects.
17.01.11 - In the November/December 2010 issue of A|L Architectural Lighting magazine, a
two page article by Aaron Seward is dedicated to Prof. Marilyne Andersens Daylighting Lab, that
she founded at MIT in 2004.
09.12.10 TSAM [] takes part in the international study day Minor Architecture of the 20th
Century: A Strategy for Protection and Improvement organised by the department of architecture
and planning at Milans Politecnico, in Milan on 13 December 2010.
19.11.10 TSAM [] takes part in the 11th international conference Living the
Urban Modernity, in Mexico City, Mexico, from 19 to 27 August 2010.
19.11.10 Publication of Learning from Vernacular by Prof. Pierre Frey, director of the Archives
of Modern Construction (ACM). Building on a solid theoretical framework which draws on Adolf
Loos, Leberecht Migge, Ivan Illich and Andr Gorz, this work starts with a radical critique of the
ordinary and extraordinary architecture produced by the global construction industry and sets
out to examine the circumstances surrounding the emergence, all over the world, of an alterna-
tive the author describes as a new vernacular architecture.
9.11.10 TSAM [] takes part in the international symposium La sauvegarde de larchitecture
Nyon / Vaud, service centre at UEFA, the Union of European Football Associations headquarters, Bassi
Carella Architects, 2010.
53 52
moderne - Dfs de la patrimonialisation et mobilisation des savoirs, (Safeguarding modern ar-
chitecture the challenges of heritagisation, mobilising expertise) organised by the Institut du
Patrimoine (heritage institute) of Universit du Qubec in Montral, from 14 to 17 October 2010.
18.11.10 - TSAM [] participates in the symposium Grands ensembles en Ile-de-France: un
hritage en projets (Major ensembles of the Paris Region a design heritage) at ENSA Paris-
Belleville on 25 November 2010.
12.11.10 The exhibition Radical Mix in Hanoi? presents work produced in a workshop on
density and mixed use led by Ulrich Kirchhoff during his time as guest lecturer at SAR in 2009.
04.11.10 For the second year running, ASAR (the SAR students association) publishes all the
Master of Architecture Projects completed during the year. The group publication, entitled MAP
10, showcases designs by 85 Masters students.
20.10.10 Is architecture devoted to reproducing an image of contemporary society or is it
capable of imagining future societies? What does an idea become when it is realised, adapted,
memorised? Does environment defne our character, or is it our character that confgures the en-
vironment? Just some of the questions the ALICE laboratory seeks to answer in a spatial urban
installation at the new TILT arts project space in Renens.
28.10.10 - Marilyne Andersen and swissnex Boston collaborate on a class project on facade
Geneva, TV tower, transformation and extension, dl-a (Devanthry & Lamunire architects), 2010.
Kingdom of Bahrain pavilion, designed by Prof. Harry Gugger, Lopold Banchini, and curator Noura
AlSayeh, of LABA.
redesign - Swiss Interior Minister Didier Burkhalter is to visit the building and part of the exhibition
that resulted from the project on October 28-29, 2010 in Cambridge.
14.10.10 - Several projects of the architectural frm Bauart, of which Professor Emmanuel Rey is
a partner, are part of an exhibition tying in with the Green Building Congress 2010 in Chennai,
02.09.10 Bilan magazine publishes its rankings of the 300 most infuential people in Switzer-
land in the six following areas: industry/services, university/science/media/ organisations, bank-
ing/fnance/law, pharma/technology, art/watch-making/architecture, property/tourism/medicine.
Architects Patrick Devanthry and Ins Lamunire (LAMU) are among the 10 leading fgures
listed in their category.
07.09.10 - The Kingdom of Bahrains frst National participation at the International Architecture
Exhibition, La Biennale di Venezia, has been awarded the Golden Lion. The exhibition design was
conducted by Prof. Harry Gugger and Leopold Banchini from the [LABA of the] Ecole Polytech-
nique Fdrale de Lausanne (EPFL).
03.06.2011 - First session of the Interdisciplinary Concrete Forum Le bton, matire en devenir
(Concrete, material of the future) organised by LAURE.
Bibliothque de lEPFL (EPFL Library)
Housed in the Rolex Learning Center, EPFLs new
library contains more than 500,000 books and pe-
riodicals, as well as large collections of electronic
documents, and is continuously being extended and
updated by a staff of 40. This new building offers a
range of new facilities, one of the most important of
which is the increased number of work spaces, from
500 to 860. Spread around different parts of the
building, each is equipped with a mains socket and
both WiFi and wired network access. Photocopiers
and fatbed scanners are also provided.
There are also six study rooms of varying size, where
anyone, including those with no connection to the
School of Architecture can come to work or consult
books from the library. To borrow up to twenty books
at a time or consult the digital collections, readers are
required to register. Camipro cards can be used for
this purpose. All services are free, except for some
requests for documents held at libraries not belong-
ing to the 90-strong NEBIS network. In spring 2010,
books from the Architecture Library were moved to
the EPFL Library, with the exception of architectural
magazines which remain on the frst foor of the SG
EPFL Library
Opening hours
Open: daily from 7.00 a.m to 12 midnight
Open to the public: 8. 00 a.m to 8.00 p.m.
Tel. +41 (0)21 693 21 56
Architectural Magazine Library
By appointment, Tel. +41 (0)21 693 32 08.
57 56
Output Center
The Salle des Priphriques Graphiques (SPG graphics peripherals centre) is an ENAC facul-
ty resource managed by the Output Center (ENAC-OC) and intended for use by all the facultys
personnel and by students in the SAR, SGC and SSIE sections. It houses all the IT resources
necessary to digitise and produce large-format documents. Throughout their course, students
have their own personal workspace in a studio. They also have access to a huge variety of IT
resources and to ENACs modelling workshop.
The Proto-3D service is part of the modelling workshop and its services are available, frst
and foremost, to ENACs teaching units. The rapid prototyping process allows students to try
out ideas using models produced by iterative prototyping and machining. The service uses
sophisticated software programmes and, in particular, Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) an
additive process which builds a 3D model line by line and layer by layer using an extruded strip
of molten ABS plastic and 3D digital data. Using this process, 3-D models can be created and
assessed on one of the modellers within a matter of hours.
Model of a Musgum hut (Cameroon) pro-
duced in Professor Frdric Aubrys frst-
year workshop dedicated to vernacular
architecture in the 1970s.
Skyscrapers. Projects by Olivier Wyss-
mller, Olivier Ilegems, Osamu Moser and
Alberto Fiore in the Media and Design
Laboratory (LDM1, Professor Jeffrey
Huang), 2009.
Milled model of the Alps in OSB.
A project takes shape on its plan in the
model workshop.
IT room (SG 0217).
3 4
The School of Architecture supplements and sup-
ports its teaching and research by organising con-
ferences/lectures and exhibitions and by producing
publications. Since 1974 the School has hosted a
steady stream of lectures and major exhibitions, re-
garding these as being among the services a univer-
sity should offer its students, teaching staff and re-
searchers as part of its overall educational provision.
Because these events are open to the public they
help to open the school to a wider audience, estab-
lishing it as a platform for discussion and debate. The
speakers at these events include architects, talking
about their experience or presenting their works, but
also specialists from other felds and with other expe-
riences who share certain key areas of interest with
the former group.
The exhibitions staged by the School present the
work of architects and/or engineers, showcasing
their careers and ideas, as well as hosting displays
from other institutions and presenting the results of
various research projects.
ARCHIZOOM taken from the exhibition staged
in the autumn of 2007: Archizoom Associati 1966-
1974 is now the name of EPFL/ENACs exhibition
and conference space. The Archizoom team offers
a new concept for communications about architec-
ture, urbanism, construction and design which also
explores their points of contact and their marginal
areas. Exhibitions and talks are more closely linked
in a programme which focuses on a central theme
for each semester, featuring two exhibitions per year
and seven events per exhibition. Archizoom also or-
ganises other events allowing the various players of
the architectural scene to meet and communicate
with each other symposia, colloquia, Pecha Kucha
Nights, etc. In all these events the School of Archi-
tecture is a forum for communication, expressing its
own ideas and welcoming views from outside.
Lectures &
2002_Exhibitions: Prix Eternit Archi-
tecture 2001 (13/03/200210/04/2002).
Sverre Fehn, architecte, Oslo (24/04/2002
29/05/2002). Europan 6rsultats euro-
pens (23/10/2002- 08/11/2002) 2002_
Confrences : Signalschmerz / Si-
gnaldouleur, Werner Jeker, Jean Otth
(16/01/2002). Prix Eternit 2001, Samuel
Tramaux, Luca Ortelli, Bruno Krucker
(13/03/2002). Yves Weinand architecte
et ingnieur, Genval, professeur invit
SAR (20/03/2002). Gesine Weinmiller
architecte, Berlin, professeure invite
SAR (27/03/2002). Kashka Knapkiewicz
architecte, Zrich, professeure invite
SAR (17/04/2002). Exposition Sven Fehn,
architecte, Oslo, Francesco Dal Co
(24/04/2002). Visite commente du Parc
Mon-Repos, Jean-Jacques Borgeaud et
Klaus Holzhausen (29/05/2002). Sybille
Raderschall architecte-paysagiste, Meilen,
professeure invite SAR (22/05/2002). Eu-
ropan 6. Confrence inaugurale, Franois
Ascher (23/10/2002). Territoire et informa-
tique, Franois Golay (30/10/2002). Archi-
tecture lectronique, Christophe Guignard,
Patrick Keller (06/11/2002). Berlin, ville
partage, Valerio Magnano Lampugnani
(22/11/2002). Journe polyarchitecture,
Bernard Tschumi (29/11/2002). Prix
bton 01, Valerio Olgiati (27/11/2002).
Joseph Krupczynski architecte, New York
(12/12/2002). Beyrouth, ville partage,
Jade Tabet (18/12/2002) 2003_Exhibi-
tions: Meili, Milan et la torre Svizzera
(08/01/200322/01/2003). e2 contest
Voyage dans la condition urbaine
(10/03/200325/03/2003). Panoramas
de la ville de Lausanne (16/04/2003
21/05/2003). Alexandre Sarrasin
(1895-1976) (28/06/200322/09/2003).
Bunkers : Leo Fabrizio (09/10/2003
16/11/2003). Photographie et architec-
ture moderne : la collection A. Sartoris
(09/10/200316/11/2003). Fernand
Pouillon, architecte (03/12/2003
21/01/2004) 2003_Lectures: Meili, Milan
et la Torre Svizzera . Introduction lex-
position, Michael Burkhardt, Karin Gimmi
(08/01/2003). Stphane Beel architecte,
Gand (15/01/2003). Anne Lacaton archi-
tecte, Bordeaux (22/01/2003). Eduardo
Arroyo architecte, Madrid (16/04/2003).
Panoramas de Lausanne. Prsenta-
tion de lexposition, Sylvain Malfroy
(30/04/2003). Paola Vigano architecte,
Milan (07/05/2003). Stig. L. Andersson
paysagiste, Copenhague (21/05/2003).
Heinz Schttli urbaniste, Schaffhausen
(04/06/2003). Journes polyarchitecture,
Martin Steinmann, Bruno Marchand, Jean-
Louis Cohen, Jacques Lucan, Roberto
Gargiani, Joseph Abram, Hans Frei, Bruno
Reichlin (20/11/2003). Expriences et
esprances, Jrg Schlaich (27/11/2003).
Fernand Pouillon, prsentation de lexposi
61 60
tion, Jacques Lucan (03/12/2003) 2004_Exhibitions: La villa urbaine (12/01/200428/01/2004). Prix Eter-
nit Architecture 2003 (08/03/200426/03/2004). Andrea Bassi ou la recherche dune architecture concrte
(10/03/200407/04/2004). Il tema del ponte le thme du pont (19/04/220406/05/2004). Paysages
intrieurs : dans les jardins de Ferdinand Bac et Luis Barragan (14/10/200420/11/2004). 12 projets pour
le Learning Center de lEPFL (08/12/200418/02/2005) _Lectures: La villa urbaine, Martin Steinmann
(15/01/2004). Prix Eternit 2003. Une opposition designer/architecte, Christophe Marchand (11/03/2004).
Andrea Bassi ou la recherche dine architecture concrte (17/01/2004). Ah! vous tes l , Ren Burri et
Le Corbusier, Ren Burri (20/04/2004). Il tema del ponte, Aurelio Mutoni, Enzo Siviero (21/04/2004). Entre
monument et machine : la recherche de la bibliothque idale, Aldo Poli (02/06/2004). Le Mexique de Luis
Barragan, contexte historique, politique, culturel, Elisa Garcia Barragan (03/11/2004). La nature de Luis Bar-
ragan, Dr Federica Zanco (10/11/2004). Leons darchitecture, Hermann Hertzberger (24/11/2004). Claus
en Kaan, Felix Claus (01/12/2004). Learning Center de lEPFL, confrence des laurats Kazuyo Sejima et
Rye Nishizawa SAANA (08/12/2004) 2005_Exhibitions: Bonnard+Wffray, architectes (07/03/2005
25/03/2005). Science City ETH Zrich (23/03/200522/04/2005). Adriano Olivetti et la pense urbanistique
(06/04/200529/04/2005). Des Alpes la mer : Larchitecture dAndr Gaillard (12/10/200520/11/2005).
Aldo Favini Architecture et Ingnierie luvre (07/12/200520/01/2006) 2005_Lectures: La prense
structurelle, Christian Kerez (12/01/2005 ). La pense structurelle, Valerio Olgiati (19/01/2005). Introduction
lexposition Bonnard+Woeffray. Entretien avec Martin Steinmann (16/03/2005). Introduction lexposition
Science City ETH Zrich. Paysages polytechniques, Francis-Luc Perret, Gerhard Schmitt, Christophe Girot
(23/03/2005). Introduction lexposition Adriano Olivetti. Industrie, territoire et socit, Patricia Bonifazio,
Elena Cogato-Lanza (06/04/2005). Introduction lexposition Adriano Olivetti. Architecture italienne / Archi-
tecture amricaine, Paolo Scrivano (20/04/2005). Ceilings, James Hillman (11/05/2005). Dominique Salath,
Matthias Mller et Daniel Niggli, professeurs invits 2005-2006 (18/05/2005). Carmen Perrin (25/05/2005).
Franz Graf, Thomas von Ballmoos et Bruno Krucker, professeurs invits 2005-2006 (01/06/2005). Des
Alpes la mer : larchitecture dAndr Gaillard, Martine Jaquet (02/11/2005). Andr Gaillard en Espagne : la
conqute du littoral, Manuel Blanco (09/11/2005). Architectural models, surveillance footage and real-time
imagery, Jonas Dahlberg (16/11/2005). Larchitecture face lhistoire, Roger Diener (3/11/2005). Larchi-
tecture face lhistoire, Giorgio Grassi (30/11/2005), Aldo Favini, architecte et ingnieur loeuvre, Giulio
Barazzetta (07/12/2005). Eladio Dieste, Mercedes Daguerre (14/12/2005) 2006_Exhibitions: Les chelles
de la ralit Larchitecture de Christian Kerez (15/03/200602/05/2006). La ville blanche de Tel Aviv
(3/05/200623/06/2006). Renate Buser Espaces et vides. Reconstructed (18/10/200608/11/2006).
Heidi & Peter pour la vie : Wenger Architectes (16/11/2006 - 22/12/2006). Prix Eternit Architecture 2006
(06/12/200621/12/2006) 2006_Lectures: Entretien avec Christian Kerez (22/03/2006). Thinking and Ma-
king, Stephen Bates (29/03/2006). Summer works, Peter Zumthor (05/04/2006). Tel Aviv : la ville blanche. Le
Mouvement moderne Tel Aviv, Dani Karavan, Nitza Szmuk (23/05/2006). Astrid Staufer, Sol Madriderjos,
professeures invites 06-07 (31/05/2006). Ville coloniale et invention architecturale : dAlger Casablanca,
Jean-Louis Cohen (07/06/2006). Ouvrir larchitecture. Gordon Matta Clark, Philip Ursprung (01/11/2006).
Espaces et vides. reconstructed, Renate Buser (08/11/2006). Confrence inaugurale de Heidi & Peter pour
la vie : Wenger Architectes, Pierre Frei (15/11/2006). Charles Tashima architecte, Londres, professeur in-
vit SAR (22/11/2006). Jamie Fobert architecte, Londres (29/11/2006). Prix Eternit 2006 (22/11/2006).
2007_Exhibitions: La Transchablaisienne Concours Rennaz-Les Evouettes. Dialogue de constructeurs
(10/01/200726/01/2007). Bakker et Blanc Construire le construit (14/03/200720/04/2007). Archi-
zoom Associati 1966-1974 (20/09/200730/11/2007) 2007_Lectures: Le Kimberl Art Museum de Louis
Kahn et August Komendant, Aurelio Muttoni (10/01/2007). La structure comme expression architecturale,
Ueli Brauen (17/01/2007). Entretien avec Marco Bakker et Alexandre Blanc dirig par Martin Steinmann
(21/03/2007). Architecture alpine, Quintus Miller (28/03/2007). Peter St-John (18/04/2007). Interactions,
Bettina Neumann (25/04/2007). Confrence inaugurale de lexposition Archizoom Associati 1966-1974,
Roberto Gargiani (20/09/2007). Superstudio, Adolfo Natalini (04/10/2007). No-Stop City, Marie-Thrse
Stauffer (10/10/2007). Dressing Design, Nanni Strada (18/10/2007). The Galaxy of Objects, Konstantin
Grcic (15/11/2007). Ronan Bouroullec (22/11/2007) en collaboration avec lECAL 2008_Exhibitions: Julius
Shulman (21/02/200804/04/2008). Edith Bianchi35 daffches darchitecture 1973-2008 (17/04/2008
09/05/2008). Jean Tschumi, architecture chelle grandeur (18/09/200824/10/2008). Jean-Marc Lamu-
nire, architecte Thories et pratique de 1950 nos jours (06/11/200805/12/2008) 2008_Lectures:
Confrence inaugurale de lexposition Julius Shulman, Christina Grwe et Antoine Baudin (21/02/2008).
Territory and interior, Mark Pimlott (28/02/2008). Cold War : Cool Images, Beatriz Colomina (03/03/2008).
The camera constructs too, Luis Fernndez-Galiano (13/03/2008). Lditeur et limage, Philip Jodidio
(03/04/2008). Confrence inaugurale de lexposition Jean Tschumi, Bernard Tschumi et Jacques Gubler
(18/09/2008). Symposium : Explorations in Architecture Technology (25/09/2008), avec la participation
de Fabio Gramazio, Matthias Kohler, Francesco Mondada, Alcherio Martinoli, Julien Nembrini, Prsentation :
Reto Geiser, Modration : Caroline Dionne. Jean Tschumi et la conservation du moderne, table ronde avec
la participation de Jacques Richter et Ignacio Dahl Rocha, Ins Lamunire et Patrick Devanthry suivie dune
confrence de Matthias Brm (02/10/2008). Machines enseigner et dessiner, table ronde avec la parti-
cipation de Lopold Veuve, Alin Dcoppet, Jacques Gubler, Ren Vittone, Luca Ortelli (09/10/2008). Conf-
rence inaugurale de lexposition Prix Acier 2005 2007, Rodolphe Luscher (21/10/2008). Architectures of
the Offce, Reinhold Martin (23/10/2008). Camilo Rebelo, professeur invit SAR (05/11/2008). Confrence
inaugurale de lexposition
63 62
Pages 59-63: exhibitions and lectures since 2001.
Exhibition Work Place Studio Mumbai (04/03.2011 - 23.04.2011). Exhibition Luigi Snozzi, Professeur darchitecture [architecture professor] (01.10.2010 - 04.12.2010).
Jean-Marc Lamunire, Bruno Marchand (06/11/2008). Symposium international : Densifcation des friches
ferroviaires urbaines (14/11/2008), avec la participation de Marc Breviglieri, Mathias Brgin, Kees Chris-
tiaanse, Conradin Clavuot, Vincent Heuz, Jean-Paul Jaccaud, Vincent Kaufmann, Isabella Lami, Xavier
Moreau de Bellaing, Emmanuel Rey, Luigi Staehli, Laurent Staffelbach, Ariane Widmer. Solidit et segmenta-
tion, Joseph Abram (27/11/2008). La couleur, deux ou trois choses que je sais delle, Maria Zurbuchen-Henz
professeure invite SAR (03/12/2008). Architecture, Communication and Urban Form, Notes on Venturi,
Scott Brown & Associates, Stanislaus von Moos (04/12/2008). Lair urbain, Jean-Paul Jaccaud professeur
invit SAR (11/12/2008). Work in progress, Bernard Khoury professeur invit SAR (18/12/2008) 2009_Exhi-
bitions: Forms of Inquiry : The Architecture of Critical Graphic Design (27/02/200909/04/2009). Best of Ar-
chitecture EPFL 2008-2009 (18.9.2009 - 14.10.2009). 2009_Lectures: More songs about buildings, Ra-
dovan Scasascia et Laurent Benner, Larytta (Guy Meldem et Christian Pahud) (04/03/2009). The services we
offer, Daniel Eatock, David Keshavjee et Julien Taveli, Rafae Koch et Urs Hofer, Jeremy Schorderet et Cem
Sever (12/03/2009). Advantages of simple tooling, Urs Lehni (25/03/2009). 1. Do one thing at a time, Wil
Holder (09/04/2009). Pour une architecture ambigu, Laurent Geninasca, professeur invit SAR (22/04/2009
).Material Design, Thomas Schroepfer (23/04/2009). Solar Architecture, Stephen Wittkopf (23/04/2009).
Buchner & Brndler architects, Andreas Brndler, professeur invit SAR (06/05/2009). DSDHA, Deborah
Saunt, professeure invite SAR (07/05/2009). Raw Materials and Residuals, Bernard Zurbuchen, professeur
invit SAR (22/05/2009). Homework reporting from the feld of Craftsmanship , Marco Bakker, profes-
seur invit SAR (23/09/2009). Confrence inaugurale de lexposition Corps Sonore, Franois Wunschel et
Pier Schneider (24/09/2009), Redfnir . Approche personnelle de lactivit architecturale, Han Tmerte-
kin, professeur invit SAR (07/10/2009). Intimacies, Stephen Taylor, professeur invit SAR (21/10/2009).
Listening Gallery, Franois Baudevin (22/10/2009 ). Rverbrations : le paysage urbain du visible laudible,
Jol Vacheron (22/10/2009). Performance in Architectural Design, Stylianos Dritsas professeur invit SAR
(04/11/2009). Interaction entre acousticien et architecte, suivi dune dmonstration dans la salle anchoque
du LEMA, Eckhard Kahle, Dr Herv Lissek (05/11/2009). Sustainability and Density contemporary Typo-
logies in Urbanism and Architecture, Ulrich Kirchhoff, professeur invit SAR (18/11/2009). 2010_Exhibi-
tions: Timber project, en collaboration avec le laboratoire IBOIS de lEPFL (26/02/201030/05/2010). Luigi
Snozzi, Professeur darchitecture (01.10.201004.12.2010). Best of Architecture EPFL 2009-2010, Cura-
teur : Emmanuel Caille (24.09.201023.10.2010). 2010_Lectures: Confrence inaugurale de lexposition
Timber project, Yves Weinand (25/2/2010). Composition, non-composition : what else ? Jacques Lucan,
04/03/2010). Contemporary Typologies in Architecture, Ulrich Kirchhoff, professeur invit SAR (17/03/2010).
Atlas of Fabrication: Cause + Effect, Frank Barkow, professeur invit SAR (31/03/2010). the ZEDfactory -
evolving zero carbon / zero waste design, Bill Dunster, professeur invit SAR, (13/04/2010). Genve: nou-
veaux espaces publiques au bord de leau, Marco Rampini, professeur invit SAR (14/04/2010). De projecto
en projecto, Adalberto Dias, professeur invit SAR (28/04/2010). Timber Project lecture serie 1, Wood
Lives, Pekka Heikkinen, Aalto University (Finlande) (29/04/2010). Timber Project lecture serie 2, Monte Rosa
Project, Andrea Deplazes (ETH Zrich) (11/05/2010). Alessi - Les architectes et le design de lobjet, Alberto
Alessi (24/9/2010). Pechakucha night Lausanne (25/9/2010). Confrence inaugurale de lexposition Luigi
Snozzi, Prof. darchitecture, Luigi Snozzi (30/09/2010). Confrences critiques invits SAR, Camilo Rebelo et
Eduardo Souto de Moura (14/10/2010). In Dialogue with Gravity, Shelley McNamara et Yvonne Farrell, pro-
fesseures invites SAR (27/10/2010). Luigi Snozzi lecture series 1, Pleins et vides lmaniques, Olivier Fazan
Magi (28/10/2010). Confrence critiques invits SAR, Anne Lacaton et Jean-Philippe Vassal (10/11/2010).
Luigi Snozzi lecture series 2, Rien nest simple, Genevive Bonnard (11/11/2010). Confrence inaugurale
de lexposition itinrante Prix Acier 09, Christian Kerez, Patrick Heiz, Stefan Walt (22/11/2010). Architecture
with the left hand, Francisco Mangado professeur invit SAR (24/11/2010). Luigi Snozzi lecture series 3,
Former des architectes partisans, Pierre-Alain Croset (25/11/2010). Luigi Snozzi lecture series 4, Aprs
Snozzi, Laurent Stalder (02/12/2010). Collectivit vs Fragmentation, Ariane Widmer, professeure invite SAR
(08/12/2010) 2011_Exhibitions: Work-Place Studio Mumbai (04/03.2011 23.04.2011). 2011_Lectures:
Made in other words, Franois Charbonnet, critique invit SAR (02/03/2011). Confrence inaugurale de
lexposition Work-Place Studio Mumbai, Bijoy Jain (3/03/2011). Work-Place lecture series 1, What to do
(maybe mostly what not to do), Robert Mangurian (10/03/2011 ). Stefan Behnisch, critique invit SAR
(16/03/2011). Architecture that loves the Arts, Isa Strm, critique invite SAR (30/03/2011). Work-Place
lecture series 2, Martin Rauch (31/03/2011). Charles Pictet, critique invit SAR (13/04/2011). Work-Place
lecture series 3, Emilio Caravatti (14/04/2011). Colloque interdisciplinaire : Le bton, matire en devenir.
Contributions de F. Claus, A. Bassi, A. Muttoni, M. Fernandez, J. Salomon, R. Gargiani, K. Scrivener, F.
Martinera... (01/05/2011). Landolt Public Lectures, Structures en bambou, Simon Velez (12/05/2011). Lair
urbain, Jean-Paul Jaccaud, critique invit SAR (14/07/2010). Redfnir approche personnelle de lactivit
architecturale, Han Tmertekin, critique invit SAR (07/10/2010).
PPUR Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes is the EPFL press, based on
the EPFL campus. The press primarily publishes scientifc and educational works, showcasing
the teaching and research undertaken within the institution. PPURs stringent quality standards
in the selection of manuscripts and throughout the editorial process have earned it an interna-
tional reputation as a leading publisher among students, researchers, teachers, engineers and
architects. As well as being highly rated within the French-speaking world, PPUR is also more
widely known through its EPFL Press publications, distributed globally by Taylor & Francis.
Since PPUR was founded in 1980 it has published more than 600 titles and distributed more
than a million books. Its catalogue is constantly enriched with new works in mathematics,
engineering, architecture and forensic science.
The catalogue can be viewed at
The School of Architecture regards publishing as a core element of its role of transmission and
dissemination. Its teaching staff both permanent and associate publish their works with a
range of different publishers.

The annual review matires was launched in 1997 and has produced a number of themed
issues to date. Its editorial committee which includes Jacques Lucan (editor of the publica-
tion), Bruno Marchand, Roberto Gargiani and Martin Steinmann has set itself the goal of
disseminating viewpoints, research and communications connected to the Schools teaching
and research (
67 66
Recent publications
Jacques Lucan, Composition, non-composition, Lausanne: PPUR, 2009
In architecture, composition means designing a building according to principles of regularity
and hierarchy, or according to principles of harmony. Nonetheless it is only from the 19th century
onwards that the word composition has been used specifcally to designate architectural de-
sign, mainly thanks to Jean-Nicolas-Louis Durand and his treatise on the Marche suivre dans la
composition dun projet quelconque [Procedure to follow in the composition of any project]. The
concept was rapidly eroded during the 20th century: the adoption of neutral architectural sys-
tems, the use of aggregative processes and the development of objective operations all amount
to attempts to move beyond compositional principles. Composition, non-composition investi-
gates this hitherto unexplored history of architectural theories, providing a key to understanding
the issues underlying attitudes (often conficting), the disappearance of some designs and the
emergence of new ones, as well as original ways of reading and understanding contemporary
architecture. (
Bruno Marchand, Franois Maurice, architect, Gollion: Infolio, 2009.
A monograph on an emblematic work of the second half of the twentieth century examining
periods and styles and creating a fascinating study for the specialist reader. The history and
achievements of a prestigious architectural practice based in Geneva. A description of what is
essentially the work of a team spearheaded by a remarkable fgure Franois Maurice, source
of the continuity of thought and action that characterises the output of this practice. (https://
Ins Lamunire, InDetails, Archibooks + Sautereau Editeur, Paris, 2010.
The design and construction of the headquarters of Philip Morris International (PMI), Lausanne
(2006 and 2010), the Faculty of Life Sciences at EPFL, Lausanne (2009), or the Tlvision Suisse
Romande tower in Geneva (2010) raise questions about architecture on every scale. The very
size of these structures make them integral parts of the urban landscape and their method of
construction confers on them the value of objects whose every aspect has been carefully con-
trolled down to the last detail. Every corporation strives to create for itself a powerful image that
encapsulates the company ethos, an image that distinguishes it in the eyes of the public and one
with which the people working within the organisation can identify. This predominant image is
refected in the way the corporation functions, communicates and interacts with the public, and
even extends to the design of the spaces it occupies. From plan to cross-section, from ground
plan to fne detail, the dl-a practice [of which the author is a member] attempts to show the link
that unites client and architect in defning and interpreting the scenario in which widely differing
professional communities, such as staff at the headquarters of a multinational company, geneti-
cists and life scientists engaged in research at one of the worlds most prestigious universities, or
journalists and administrators of a major press, radio and television group can work.

Franz Graf, Philippe Grandvoinnet, Yvan Delemontey, Honegger frres. Architectes et construct-
eurs (1930 1969). De la production au patrimoine, Gollion: Infolio, 2010.
This book about the Honegger brothers is an original contribution to our knowledge of Swiss
architecture from 1930 to 1960. It can be read as a monograph about a group of architects who
developed an extraordinary understanding of the specifc mechanisms of construction. It can
also be read as an exploration of a much broader feld, that of a discipline, the practice of which
was radically transformed after World War II. [] In situating the Honegger brothers output within
in the highly complex network of historic infuences and attempting to link these to seemingly
disconnected areas of knowledge, the book gives some idea of the specifcity of architectural
objects and the diverse values that they embody. In the current climate, a work of such exem-
plary intellectual rigour is a useful antidote to the indifference that poses a physical and worldwide
threat to the built heritage of this particular period. (
Local architecture
Landmark events and objects of 20th-century architectural history are scattered throughout
French-speaking Switzerland. The following pages present a selection of objects which are
representative of this architectural scene; their arrangement in chronological order describes a
journey with a highly unusual, zigzag route map!
Villa Karma, Adolf Loos (fg. p. 71)
In 1903, Viennase physiologist Theodor Beer acquired La Maladaire, an early 19th-century
vineyard residence built on the site of a former priory by Lake Geneva. Having entrusted Vevey
architect-entrepreneur Henri Lavanchy with an initial phase of conversion work he then in-
volved Adolf Loos in 1904. Loos completely revised the plans, surrounding the existing house
with galleries set with corner towers. Inside, the handling of particular rooms hall, library,
dining room, upstairs bathroom refects the architects research on the expressive properties
of materials. A quarrel between Loos and Beer forced the latter to engage the architect Hugo
Ehrlich, also from Vienna, who completed the works in 1912.
Le Corbusiers frst villas
The frst villas created by Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, later known as Le Corbusier, while he
was still studying with Charles lEplattenier and Ren Chapallaz at the cole dArt, are set on
the slopes of Pouillerel mountain at La Chaux-de-Fonds (Neuchtel). Not far from the villas Fallet
(1907), Stotzer (1909), and Jacquemet (1909), Villa Jeanneret (Maison Blanche) which he built for
his parents in 1912 can be visited, as can Villa Turque (167 Rue du Doubs, 1916). At Le Locle,
the residence commissioned by industrialist Georges Favre-Jacot, founder of the Znith watch
company, overlooks the town (6 Cte des Billodes, 1912).
At Corseaux, on a plot of land extending along the lakeside, Le Corbusier built a 4 x 16 m villa
for his parents in 1923. The internal space is lit by a single horizontal window on the south side.
The enclosed garden, separated from the river bank by a wall with an opening to frame the view,
is treated like a room that is open to the sky. The sheet metal covering draws on Jurassian ver-
nacular practice as much as the aeronautics industry.
71 70
Villa Turque, 167 Rue du Doubs,
La Chaux-de-Fonds, Neuchtel.
Architect: Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-
Gris, known as Le Corbusier, 1916.
Villa Karma, 171-173 Rue du Lac,
Montreux, Vaud. Architects: Adolf Loos,
then Hugo Ehrlich, 1904-1912.
Oval hallway decorated with gilded
mosaics with a gallery set on corbels.
Lausanne railway station, Vaud, under
construction. Architects: Laverrire &
Monod and Taillens & Dubois, 1908-
Lausanne railway station, Laverrire, Monod, Taillens, Dubois
The railway station, inspired by the station in Leipzig, was built to plans by architectural prac-
tices Laverrire & Monod (particularly relating to the design of the faades) and Taillens &
Dubois, following a competition. The spatial and functional organisation remained under the
jurisdiction of the railway engineers. The buildings faade combines rubble stone masonry,
metal structures and freestone in a design which emphasises the vertical dimension while bor-
rowing from the Swiss picturesque style.
CIAM at La Sarraz, 1928
The frst Congrs International dArchitecture Moderne (CIAM International Congress of Mod-
ern Architecture) took place at Chteau de la Sarraz in June 1928, organised by a group of 26
European architects brought together by Le Corbusier, Hlne de Mandrot (owner of the ch-
teau) and Sigfried Giedion (the frst secretary general). The other founder members were Karl
Moser (the frst President), Victor Bourgeois, Pierre Chareau, Josef Frank, Gabriel Guevrekian,
Max Ernst Haefeli, Hugo Hring, Arnold Hchel, Huib Hoste, Pierre Jeanneret, Andr Lurat,
Ernst May, Fernando Garca Mercadal, Hannes Meyer, Werner Max Moser, Carlo Enrico Rava,
Gerrit Rietveld, Alberto Sartoris, Hans Schmidt, Mart Stam, Rudolf Steiger, Henri-Robert Von
der Mhll and Juan de Zavala. Other major architects including Alvar Aalto and Hendrik Petrus
Berlage subsequently joined the group.
The Clart building, 2-4 Rue Saint-Laurent, Geneva. Architects: Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, 1931-
1932 (image taken from Le Corbusier, various authors 1999).
73 72
Maison ronde, Maurice Braillard
A semi-circular residential building designed as a vast monolith placed on an overhanging
platform, punctuated at regular intervals by the oriel windows on the outer curve of the arc and
the projecting stairwells on the courtyard side. Openness to the street, and high-quality stylistic
detail and fttings are the defning characteristics of the courtyard space, which is conceived as
a communal living area. The 3 to 5-room apartments were designed for mid-income residents,
for whom according to Maurice Braillard the key issue was to provide homes that were
healthy, easy to maintain, practical and affordable. The living rooms are extended by generous
bow-windows and the kitchens open onto balconies set at the angles of the staircase. La Mai-
son Ronde undoubtedly fgures among the architects major achievements; unique in terms of
the design morphology and its three-dimensional realisation, it represents a distillation of some
of his favourite themes. The building was given listed status in 1995.
Palace of Nations, Broggi, Lefvre, Vago
The architectural competition for the Palace of Nations is a story in its own right: because it
involved selecting from some 377 projects, because this challenge ignited conficts between
different architectural schools leading, in particular, to the rejection of a project by Le Cor-
busier, and because in the end none of the proposals was actually selected. French architect
Nnot and his Geneva-based partner Flegenheimer were certainly the preferred choice, but
three further architects were added to the partnership: Italian architect Broggi, Lefvre from
France and Vago from Hungary. The foundation stone was laid in September 1929 but the
structural work did not start until 1931. The construction project notched up half a million
working days, i.e. it employed an average of between 300 and 500 workers per day. The
League of Nations was created immediately after World War I and was based in Geneva from
1920 onwards; by the time the building it had commissioned was completed the organisation
itself had been dissolved.
Clart Building, Le Corbusier (fg. p. 70)
This apartment block which owes its name to its intensive use of glass, letting large amounts
of daylight into the building was built by Le Corbusier and his cousin Pierre Jeanneret for
Geneva industrialist Edmond Wanner in 1931-1932. The building is the culmination of a project
that was undertaken like a research programme, illustrating in exemplary fashion how archi-
tects can contribute to the rationalisation of construction processes (dry assembly), to the
renewal of load-bearing structure concepts (welded steel armature) and also to the renewal of
residential models for the middle classes (the immeuble villa). The entire structure stands on
pillars. This metal structure frees the facades and the internal walls from all load-bearing func-
tions, allowing a great deal of freedom in the way the apartments are organised.
Villa Kenwin, Ferenczy and Henselmann
Designed for flm-maker Kenneth Macpherson and Winifred Bryher-Macpherson, Villa Kenwin
has an original functional programme, featuring a main room that can be converted into a projec-
tion room. It reproduces the typical Terrassenbau terraced structure on the south faade with
a lopsided design reminiscent of naval architecture, accentuated by a red/black/white colour
scheme which was hidden for many years before being reinstated in the restoration of 1987.
A stunning example of functionalism, this house embodies the intellectual utopia of a particular
European avant-garde strand to which the Macphersons and their circle of friends belonged.
La Maison Ronde, 11-19 Rue Charles-
Giron, Geneva. Architect: Maurice
Braillard, 1928-1930 (Photo. Boissonnas
1931. Image taken from Marina Massaglia
At-Ahmed, Maurice Braillard : architecte
et urbaniste, Geneva : Fondation Braillard
Architectes, 1991).
Palace of Nations, Geneva.
Architects: Hannes Meyer and Hans
Wittwer, project not realised, 1927.
Their proposal attracted attention through
its expressive style of representation
(image taken from Riccardo Mariani [et
al.], Genve 1927 : concours pour le
palais des nations : projets darchitecture
pour la cit universelle, Geneva: Institut
darchitecture de lUniversit de Genve,
Villa Kenwin, 19 Chemin du Vallon, La
Tour-de-Peilz, Vaud. Architects: Alexander
Ferenczy, Hermann Henselmann, Berlin,
Restoration: Giovanni Pezzoli, 1987.
75 74
Bellerive plage, Marc Piccard
It was in 1934, at a time of economic crisis and the introduction of paid holidays, that the mu-
nicipality of Lausanne decided to hold a competition for the design of a beach and public baths
at Bellerive. The councillors defended their decision to replace the outdated facilities in Vidy by
citing the need to promote urban development in the area and to educate the public in hygiene
matters. They also mentioned the battle against unemployment. Competition-winning architect
Marc Piccard made signifcant adjustments to his proposal in order to arrive at the fnal plan. In
architectural and construction terms the ensemble is distinguished by the fact that it is made
entirely of reinforced concrete, with extremely fne sections and extensive use of cantilevers.
Bellerive-Plage was opened on 10 July 1937 and expanded as part of the programme of works
undertaken in preparation for Expo 64. The architectural practice dl-a (Devanthry & Lamu-
nire architects) undertook a major restoration programme between 1990 and 1993.
Misricorde campus, Fribourg University, Denis Honegger
The university building regarded as the most important work of structural classicism in Swit-
zerland, and the most beautiful complex made of reinforced concrete from the 1930s was the
result of a competition won by Denis Honegger. Honegger studied architecture under Perret,
and here reveals his teachers infuence as much as that of Le Corbusier. The projects con-
stituent elements are expressed in the arrangement of building volumes and the symmetrical
composition. The bare concrete framework re-worked on the surface using stone-carving
tools incorporates a range of different bay modules ftted with prefabricated panels. The use
of natural daylight and the fxtures and fttings in particular the hand-fnished metalwork are
especially striking.
Union Internationale des Architectes (UIA International Union of Architects), 1948
The International Union of Architects (UIA) was founded in Lausanne on 28 June 1948 with Jean
Tschumi as its president, in the presence of Auguste Perret as honorary president. The UIA was
founded with the aim of confronting the new tasks facing architecture relating to urban devel-
opment, the industrialisation of construction, the state and society. In his speech to the founding
assembly, Sir Patrick Abercrombie placed the emphasis on international solidarity among archi-
tects and also on the role which he saw as crucial of promoting architecture as an art form.
When it was founded the UIA comprised delegations from 27 countries; today it brings together
the most representative professional associations of architects from 116 countries and regions.
Nestl headquarters, Jean Tschumi
Nestls global head offce at Vevey is regarded as a major work in Jean Tschumis oeuvre and
an iconic example of corporate architecture among the major Swiss multinationals. The design
incorporates some of the defning features of the architects work: the preservation of the large
trees in the grounds with which the building in this instance Y-shaped forms a dialogue;
the fully glazed ground level, an open-plan space supported by profled pillars; the portico de-
signed to frame the view of the lake; sculptural features on the roof, etc. The structure combines
reinforced concrete for the building shell (engineer Alexandre Sarrasin) with a steel framework
(engineer Maurice Cosandey). Natural stone and aluminium are used with restraint, signalling the
status of this multinational group. Burckhardt & Partner constructed the extension of the east
wing in the 1970s; architects Richter & Dal Rocha were responsible for the major renovation
programme undertaken in 1996-2000.
Bellerive Plage,
Lausanne, Vaud.
Architect Marc Piccard, 1934-1937.
Misricorde campus, Fribourg University,
20 Avenue Louis-Weck-Reynold,
Architects: Denis Honegger, Fernand
Dumas, 1937-1941.
Jean Tschumi, Design for Nestls
headquarters at Vevey, Vaud. 1957.
(paper collage).
77 76
Paris-Manhattan cinema, Marc-Joseph Saugey
The goal of creating a space designed to fulfl the specifc requirements of a cinema-led archi-
tect Marc-Joseph Saugey to reconsider both spatial arrangements and architectural strate-
gies. In order to ensure optimum visibility he concentrated the 850 or so seats across the width
of the space, set well back from the giant screen. Other signifcant innovations included dis-
pensing with the foyer in favour of an original system of ramps arranged within the room itself,
galleries layered one above another, and the incorporation of the screen within the architecture.
The value of the Manhattan was recognised just as it was in danger of being demolished.
The object of an interminable battle between supporters and opponents of its conservation,
it was listed as a historical monument in 1993 and restored by dl-a (Devanthry & Lamunire
architects) between 1994 and 1996.
Lancy tower blocks, Jean-Marc Lamunire
The quality of these buildings resides in their structural and construction systems and in the
coherence between these and the projects spatial organisation. Except for the central nucleus
containing the lifts and service shafts, made of site-cast concrete, the buildings load-bearing
structure is prefabricated, which frees up the interior. All the residential units, which are ex-
tended by balconies, are therefore encased within a glazed envelope. The foorplan refects
the aim of achieving cohesion between organisational, technical and spatial elements: the vari-
ous layers distinguish servicing functions from serviced functions, signalling the progressive
opening of the space towards the exterior.
Ancien Stand scheme, AAA
Derived from a district development plan drawn up by the Lausanne city authorities, the Ancien
Stand scheme by architects collective AAA is a cooperative residential complex offering a range
of 3 to 5-room apartments, most with a dual orientation. These social housing residences offer
a level of comfort on a par with their equivalents on the open market. The building shell is ex-
ecuted in prefabricated concrete units. A shopping centre, school premises and sports facilities
complete this district set on a steeply sloping site, with terracing and landscaping incorporated
Hrmence, Walter Frderer
The construction of the two Dixence dams (1929-1934 and 1948-1961) brought radical
changes to the valley of Hrmence in the canton of Valais. In reference to the impressive
rampart of concrete blocking the end of the Dix valley, for its church the community chose
a design by architect Walter Frderer, winner of the competition organised in 1963. The
architect had already earned recognition for designs such as that of the St.Gallen graduate
school of economics and social science (1957-1963), and with this church he continued his
investigation of architecture as sculpture. Set on a slope, the church is crossed by a slop-
ing passageway which is treated like a winding alleyway, expanding here and there to form
a small square between the two main streets of the village. With its style derived from the
brutalist movement the architecture of this ensemble plays a defning role in its context.
Paris-Manhattan cinema,
Av. du Mail, Geneva.
Architect: Marc Saugey, 1956.
Residential tower blocks,
27-29 Chemin de la Vende, Lancy,
Geneva. Architect: Jean-Marc Lamunire,
Restoration: dl-a (Devanthry & Lamunire
architects), 1994-1996.
Church of Saint-Nicolas,
Hrmence, Valais.
Architect: Walter Frderer, competition
1963, completion 1967-1971.
(Photo from Max Bcher, Walter M.
Frderer. Architecture - sculpture /
Architektur - Skulptur, Neuchtel : Editions
du Griffon, 1975).
Ancien-Stand (plan),
Lausanne, Vaud.
Architects: AAA (Alin Dcoppet),
C. Jacottet, W. Maechler, 1963-1966.
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79 78
cole de la Construction, Mestelan & Gachet
The guiding principle underlying the design of this school for construction students involved mak-
ing the most of the educational opportunities presented by the building itself, both in terms of
constructional choices and spatial organisation. The School of Construction run by the Fdra-
tion Vaudoise des Entrepreneurs (FVE Vaud entrepreneurs federation) was therefore designed
in accordance with this dual mission of practical and theoretical education. With its U-shaped
foorplan it is organised around two centres: the practical workshops and the two-storey court-
yard crossed by a water feature. The materials are almost all left bare, providing an educational
example for the students; the technical installations are visible for the same reason.
School of Chemistry, Atelier Cube
The buildings north-south axis marks the border of the University of Lausanne site, opposite
the equivalent department of EPFL. The elongated volume interprets the brief applied to other
university buildings: free-standing building, faades with walkways, etc. The foorplan features
a long central services area fanked by two corridors serving the laboratories, which are placed
along the main faades. This longitudinal nucleus contains the vertical shafts, some services,
the laboratories without natural light and the main staircase. The concrete structure uses a grid
system corresponding to the width of a workspace, i.e. 3.60 m. The pretensioned transoms are
supported on rectangular pillars set back slightly from the faades and over the central nucleus.
Three external stairwells to the west and three curved superstructures on the roof designate the
different laboratory sectors.
Radio-communications centre, Rodolphe Luscher
This technical complex by Rodolphe Luscher comprises a mast which supports the satellite aerials
and maintenance platforms, fanked by two buildings for offces and services on a half-moon-
shaped platform. Located by the side of the main road, at one of the main entrances to the cam-
pus, this building its neo-constructivist style signalling its function and content fulfls a landmark
function at the interface between EPFL and the University of Lausanne.
UEFA Headquarters, Berger & Anziutti
Architects Patrick Berger and Jacques Anziutti sought to integrate this building 80 metres
long and 30 metres wide within its exceptional environment, on a site sloping downwards
towards the lake. The roof terrace is designed to preserve an open view over Lake Geneva
and the Savoie Alps from the main road to the north. This vast terrace, a constructional tour
de force, is covered with stone paving; it is split, lengthways, by a glazed strip which lets light
through to illuminate the staircases and walkways.
cole de la Construction de la Fdration
Vaudoise des Entrepreneurs (FVE Vaud
entrepreneurs federation School of
En Riond Bosson, Tolochenaz, Vaud.
Architects: Patrick Mestelan, Bernard
Gachet, 1983-1986.
Lausanne University School of Chemistry,
Av. Forel, Ecublens, Vaud.
Architects: Atelier Cube (Guy and Marc
Collomb, Patrick Vogel) in association with
Ivo Frei, Atelier Niv-O, 1991-1994.
(Photo taken from Pierre Von Meiss [et al.],
Atelier Cube, Zurich : GTA, 1997).
Radio-communications centre,
Av. Forel, Ecublens, Vaud.
Architect: Rodolphe Luscher, 1992-1995.
UEFA headquarters,
Nyon, Vaud.
Architect: Patrick Berger, 1999.
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81 80
Fleuret Law Library,
University of Lausanne campus, Vaud.
Architects: dl-a (Devanthry & Lamunire
architectes), 1998-1999.
Union Interparlementaire
(Inter-Parliamentary Union),
Grand-Saconnex, Geneva.
Architects: Brauen & Wlchli,
Primary school,
13 Avenue du Mail, Neuchtel.
Architect: Andrea Bassi,
Frontenex / GE
Architect: Charles Pictet, 2005-2006.
Fleuret Law Library, dl-a (Devanthry & Lamunire architectes)
The interior spaces run alongside two longitudinal walls which serve as beams. Supported on
the bedrock of the plateau, beneath the alluvial earth, they bear the weight of both the foor
slabs and the collection of law books from the Fleuret bequest. The solidity of the thick, pro-
jecting pre-stressed concrete slabs invites users to enjoy the cool evening air; vertical shutters
provide a natural ventilation system. Woven copper wires within the double glazing provide
protection from the sun while giving the surface an iridescent sheen: adding the gilded fnishing
touch to a building that is at once an art work and literally a balancing act.
Union Interparlementaire (Inter-Parliamentary Union), Brauen & Wlchli
Relocating the UIP to Villa Gardiol (architect Marc Camoletti, 1908) meant converting the build-
ing and adding a pavilion extension. The architects approach is focused on preserving the
integrity of the original building a decision that no doubt played a key factor in the competi-
tion. The design is based on a topographical reality and a pre-existing solution: the slope of the
site, approximately equivalent in height to one storey, is offset by a base which extends to form
a terrace. From this point the conversion involved replacing this terrace with a building which
doubles in height once it is outside the villas zone of attraction.
cole du Mail (primary school), Andrea Bassi
Located on the former site of Le Mail cemetery, the school can be read as a single building
despite its complex confguration. Its footprint is reduced and its courtyard is covered by a
large cantilevered structure to the east. The foorplan is arranged around the single staircase.
Rooms leading off a central corridor and the dislocation of the foorplan generate multiple op-
tions in terms of layout, while at the same time providing natural light and varied views for each
of the classrooms. The underground structure is made of concrete, while the visible part of
the building is designed according to the principles of dry construction (steel framework). This
solution offers a high degree of fexibility in terms of spatial division as well as exploiting the
thermal qualities of the building envelope, which is covered in prefabricated fbreboard panels
in colours matching the school grounds.
Villa, Charles Pictet
Located in a historic estate with various buildings and their amenities arranged in a regular grid
pattern, the villa adjoins an early 19th-century orangery set at an angle to maximise its expo-
sure to sunlight which also forms part of its accommodation. The articulation of the two geo-
metric forms also forges a link between two architectural eras. The arrangement of volumes,
horizontally and vertically; the layout of the indoor and outdoor walkways, the management of
views and light, the structural handling of the brickwork and the fnishing of the surfaces all
of which are mineral bear witness to an exceptional feeling for proportion. (Sylvain Malfroy,
jury member for DRA 2010).
83 82
Houses for a food zone, Bakker et Blanc
These three houses form part of a controversial development plan for a district fooded when
the river Sarine broke its banks in the summer of 2005. The possibility of fooding is incorpo-
rated as an integral element of the design. Located within a perimeter defned by an embank-
ment, the homes have their living area on the second foor, extending into a large cantilevered
veranda. A garage to the rear acts as the counterweight and ensures that the buildings are
not carried away by the food.
Conservatoire de Musique and Haute cole de Gestion ARC (School of Music and ARC
school of business administration), Bauart
Behind a faade aligned with the edge of the railway zone this building protects the newly
created pedestrian area at the heart of the district. The main four-storey block forms the back-
bone of the design, punctuated by a sequence of protruding units and by large double-height
transparent spaces. Each of these units has its own specifc and distinctive architectural lan-
guage, clearly identifable both from outside and from within its interior spaces. Sustainability
is the unifying vision behind various factors taken into account here: the choice of site (public
transport for mobility), optimised user needs (in particular a greatly reduced number of parking
spaces), the overall energy concept and the construction of the building complex.
cole Professionnelle (vocational training college), Bonnard et Woeffray
The new independent building designed for theory classes supplements two existing buildings
and defnes a recreational area through its relationship with them. This compact four-storey unit
is designed to echo the forms of the existing structures, creating a diversifed and coherent
ensemble. All the classrooms are arranged around a central foyer which has no independent
source of daylight. The faade is ftted with mirror-polished stainless steel panels which refect
and fragment the immediate and distant landscape.
Villa Chardonne, Made in (Franois Charbonnet)
Villa Chardonne was the winner of a distinction in the Prix Acier 2009 (European Steel Design
Award). This house hovers over Lake Geneva, as though it had arrived in a single piece. Set
up on struts, it touches the site as little as possible and leaves ample space for a garden, while
views of the lake are offered from almost every angle []. The house is entered via a sus-
pended walkway. The architects used a Vierendeel beam structure with four modular sections.
Two angled pillars hold up the strictly rectangular form. There are no load-bearing walls within
the house. (Philip Jodidio, Architecture Now 7, 2010, p. 302-307)
Cover for the archaeological site of Le Martolet, Savioz Fabrizzi
Le Martolet is a courtyard area containing the remains of a major early Christian site; located
between the Abbaye de Saint-Maurice basilica and the cliff, it has always been exposed to fall-
ing rubble. The design proposes a protective cover with a primary structure made of 11 metal
profles suspended from 40 guy cables anchored in the rock. On these beams is a 1,353 m2
trellis framework covered with stones weighing 170 tonnes in all: a reference to the imminent
danger which also gives the structure the necessary inertia to resist the wind. Below this, a
secondary structure carries a plexiglass cover which protects the site from weather damage.
Through these various protective flters the outlines of the bell tower and the rock mass can
still be seen.
Houses for a food zone,
Fribourg / FR
Architects: Bakker et Blanc, 2007-2008.
Conservatoire de Musique and Haute cole
de Gestion ARC (School of Music and
ARC school of business administration),
Neuchtel / NE
Architects: Bauart, 2005-2009.
cole Professionnelle (vocational training
college), Bonnard et Woeffray, Vige / VS.
Architects: Bonnard et Woeffray,
Villa Chardonne, Jongny / VD
Architects: Made in, 2007-2008.
Cover for the archaeological site of Le
Martolet, Saint-Maurice Abbey / VS
Architects: Savioz Fabrizzi, 2008-2009.
5 4
Photo credits
The designs of the section title pages are based on an image from the MAP (Master of Architecture Project)
by Mlanie Althaus: Theatres at Nordkreuz Berlin. Stages for theatre and living art (2011).
ACM: 10 (photo. Wrgler, fonds Jean Tschumi), 57 top (fonds vernaculaire), 71 bottom (fonds Alphonse Laver-
rire), 75 top (fonds Piccard), 75 bottom (fonds Jean Tschumi).
alice: 38.
Archizoom: 21 ( Jean-Robert Gros), 61 ( Atelier Poisson), 62 ( Cyril Veillon), 63 ( Thomas Jantscher).
Iwan Baan: 11.
Bakker et Blanc ( Marco Bakker): 83 top.
Bauart ( Yves Andr): 83 centre top.
Bassi Carella: 51 ( Stefano Marello), 80 centre bottom ( Yves Andr).
Berger et Anziutti: 79 bottom right.
Bonnard et Woeffray: 83 centre bottom ( Hannes Henz).
Brauen+Wlchli: 80 centre top ( Thomas Jantscher).
Renate Buser: 16.
Jean Charpi: 71 centre.
dl-a (Devanthry & Lamunire architectes): 53 ( Fausto Pluchinotta), 76 top et 80 top ( Fausto Plu-
Alain Herzog: 24 top and centre, 25 top and centre, 41, 57 centre, bottom left et bottom right.
Rmy Gindroz: 72 bottom. 71 top.
LABA: 52.
lth2: 76 centre et bottom right.
Nadja Maillard: 24 bottom, 25 bottom, 26, 27, 56, 79 bottom left.
Made in: 83 bottom left.
Mestelan et Gachet: 79 top.
Charles Pictet ( Francesca Giovanelli): 80 bottom.
Savioz et Fabrizzi ( Alexandre Schafer): 83 bottom right.
Sanaa, Cyrille Thomas: cover (Rolex Learning Center).