Reproducing the French Race

Immigration, Intimacy, and Embodiment in the Early Twentieth Century

Elisa CamisCioli

“Reproducing the French Race skillfully traces underlying connections among immigration, gender, and national identity in interwar France, while fundamentally refiguring seemingly settled scholarship on pronatalism and labor rationalization by demonstrating the still under-recognized centrality of race to them. Elisa Camiscioli has written an accomplished and ambitious work that integrates issues typically treated separately into an innovative argument about ‘embodiment’ that challenges conventional assumptions about French republicanism as essentially abstract and universal.”—Gary Wilder, author of The French Imperial Nation-State: Negritude and Colonial Humanism between the Two World Wars

I

n Reproducing the French Race, Elisa Camiscioli argues that immigration was a defining feature of early-twentieth-century France, and she examines the political, cultural, and social issues implicated in public debates about immigration and national identity at the time. Camiscioli demonstrates that mass immigration provided politicians, jurists, industrialists, racial theorists, feminists, and others with ample opportunity to explore questions of French racial belonging, France’s relationship to the colonial empire and the rest of Europe, and the connections between race and national anxieties regarding depopulation and degeneration. She also shows that discussions of the nation and its citizenry consistently returned to the body: its color and gender, its expenditure of labor power, its reproductive capacity, and its experience of desire. Of paramount importance was the question of which kinds of bodies could assimilate into the “French race.” By focusing on telling aspects of the immigration debate, Camiscioli reveals how racial hierarchies were constructed, how gender figured in their creation, and how only white Europeans were cast as assimilable. Delving into pronatalist politics, she describes how potential immigrants were ranked according to their imagined capacity to adapt to the workplace and family life in France. She traces the links

between racialized categories and concerns about industrial skills and output, and she examines medico-hygienic texts on interracial sex, connecting those to the crusade against prostitution and the related campaign to abolish “white slavery,” the alleged entrapment of (white) women for sale into prostitution abroad. Camiscioli also explores the debate surrounding the 1927 law that first made it possible for French women who married foreigners to keep their French nationality. She concludes by linking the Third Republic’s impulse to create racial hierarchies to the emergence of the Vichy regime. Elisa Camiscioli is Associate Professor of History and Women’s Studies at Binghamton University.
2009. 232 pages, 10 illustrations 978-0-8223-4565-7, paper $22.95 

Mobilizing Youth
Communists and Catholics in Interwar France

susan B. WhitnEy

“In this fascinating book, the social history of French youth in the interwar years has finally found its historian. Susan B. Whitney’s extensive and careful research in the archives of communist and Catholic youth movements introduces us to the critical issues at stake: competition for the allegiance of the young between communists and Catholics, the key role played by adults in shaping youth activism, the influence of the changing political scene in the 1920s and 1930s, and the long-term effects membership had on those who joined up. Whitney is particularly astute in her analysis of the place of gender; she shows us how traditional notions of sexual difference were at once reinforced and changed in the experience of young Catholics and communists who participated in these movements.”—Joan W. Scott, Institute for Advanced Study “Mobilizing Youth offers an ambitious and imaginative look at two vital movements in interwar France, with a comparison that adds greatly to our understanding not just of French social and political history, but of the emergence of youth as an organized (and manipulated) force.”—Peter N. Stearns, Provost, George Mason University

I

n Mobilizing Youth, Susan B. Whitney examines how youth moved to the forefront of French politics in the two decades following the First World War. In those years, Communists and Catholics forged the most important youth movements in France. Focusing on the competing efforts of the two groups to mobilize the young and harness generational aspirations, Whitney traces the formative years of the Young Communists and the Young Christian Workers, including their female branches. She analyzes the ideologies of the movements, their major campaigns, their styles of political and religious engagement, and their approaches to male and female activism. As Whitney demonstrates, the recasting of gender roles lay at the heart of Catholic efforts and became crucial to Communist strategies in the mid-1930s.

Moving back and forth between the constantly shifting tactics devised to mobilize young people and the circumstances of their lives, Whitney gives special consideration to the context in which the youth movements operated and in which young people made choices. She traces the impact of the First World War on the young and on the formulation of generation-based political and religious identities, the place of work and leisure in young people’s lives and political mobilization, the impact of the Depression, the role of Soviet ideas and intervention in French Communist youth politics, and the state’s new attention to youth following the victory of France’s Popular Front government in 1936. Mobilizing Youth concludes by inserting the era’s youth activists and movements into the complicated events of the Second World War. Susan B. Whitney is Associate Professor of History and Associate Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at Carleton University in Ottawa.
2009. 336 pages, 13 illustrations 978-0-8223-4613-5, paper $24.95 

How to Be French
PatriCk WEil
TranslaTed
by

Nationality in the Making since 1789

CaTherine PorTer

“[A] densely organised and thoroughly researched analysis of jurists’ debates and legal decisions since 1789. The book is clearly signposted and written—and very carefully translated by Porter. . . . [Weil’s] dispassionate and scholarly book sheds much-needed light on the complex legal aspects of the question for these postcolonial times.”—Sian Reynolds, Times Higher Education Supplement “How to be French is a critical history of nationality law and politics that illuminates decisive moments in the making of French nationality while making new and sophisticated theoretical claims about the articulations of nationality, the state, and history itself. This is a stupendous achievement by one of the most important French scholars and public intellectuals writing today.”—Peter Sahlins, author of Unnaturally French: Foreign Citizens in the Old Regime and After

H

ow to Be French is a magisterial history of French nationality law from 1789 to the present, written by Patrick Weil, one of France’s foremost historians. First published in France in 2002, it is filled with captivating human dramas, with legal professionals, and with statesmen including La Fayette, Napoleon, Clemenceau, de Gaulle, and Chirac. France has long pioneered nationality policies. It was France that first made the parent’s nationality the child’s birthright, regardless of whether the child is born on national soil, and France has changed its nationality laws more often and more significantly than any other modern democratic nation. Focusing on the political and legal confrontations that policies governing French nationality have continually evoked and the laws that have resulted, Weil teases out the rationales of lawmakers and jurists. In so doing, he definitively separates nationality from national identity. He demonstrates that nationality laws are written not to realize lofty conceptions of the nation but to address specific issues such as the autonomy of the individual in relation to the state or a sudden decline in population.

Patrick Weil is a senior research fellow at the Centre National de Recherche Scientifique and a professor at the Paris School of Economics. The author of many books, he was a member of France’s Governmental Advisory Council on Integration from 1996 to 2002, and a member of the Presidential Commission created by President Jacques Chirac on the “implementation of the principle of secularism within the French Republic” in 2003. In 1997, following a request from Prime Minister Lionel Jospin, he produced two influential reports on nationality and immigration legislation. Under its original title, Qu’est-ce qu-un Français, How to Be French won the François Furet prize. Catherine Porter, Professor Emeritus in the Foreign Languages Department at the State University of New York, Cortland, won the Chevalier d’Or des Palmes Académiques for advancing Franco-American relations through translation and teaching.
2008. 456 pages, 3 maps 978-0-8223-4331-8, paper $24.95 

Breadwinners and Citizens

Gender in the Making of the French Social Model

laura lEvinE FradEr
“In this thoughtful and balanced reassessment of work, wages, and state welfare policies in interwar France, Frader examines how employers, labour unions, and the state drew on enduring stereotypes of appropriate gender roles in order to reinforce the legitimacy of the male breadwinner, often through the very policies that accorded benefits to women as mothers.”—Patricia E. Prestwich, Canadian Journal of History “Frader’s thematic approach allows for a detailed discussion of the motivations of both state and industry, the key stakeholders in the development of employment policy and practice. . . . [T]his book provides and important contribution to the literature on social reform, employment and gender. As a result, it would be of interest to historians of gender and labour, as well as to historians of twentieth-century France.”—Alison Carrol, History “A stunning analysis of why defence of the French male breadwinner became a keystone of social policy after 1918, even as France depended mightily on the labor of women and foreigners to revitalize its economy. Frader has mastered an immense social and cultural landscape to make a convincing case for the interwar origins of today’s social-policy mix in France. She is superb, too, on the interplay of race, ethnicity, and gender.”—Herrick Chapman, New York University, coeditor of A Century of Organized Labor in France: A Union Movement for the Twenty-first Century?

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aura Levine Frader’s synthesis of labor history and gender history brings to the fore failures in realizing the French social model of equality for all citizens. Challenging previous scholarship, she argues that the male breadwinner ideal was stronger in France in the interwar years than scholars have typically recognized, and that it had negative consequences for women’s claims to the full benefits of citizenship. She describes how ideas about masculinity, femininity, family, and work affected post–World War I reconstruction, policies designed to address France’s postwar population deficit, and efforts to redefine citizenship in the 1920s and 1930s. She demonstrates that gender divisions and the male breadwinner ideal were reaffirmed through the policies and practices of labor, management, and government. The social model that France implemented in the 1920s and 1930s incorporated fundamental social inequalities. Laura Levine Frader is Professor of History and Chair of the History Department at Northeastern University.
2008. 360 pages 978-0-8223-4198-7, paper $24.95 

The French Atlantic Triangle
Literature and Culture of the Slave Trade

ChristoPhEr l. millEr
“[A] massive, and massively researched, contribution to studies of the French slave trade. . . . [A]n invaluable resource for other scholars.”—Celia Britton, French Studies “This is a book of encyclopedic reach and vast dimensions. . . . The French Atlantic Triangle is meticulously researched, almost comprehensive in its treatment of the literary corpus, and makes diligent use of historical scholarship. It offers an astonishing web of circuits of reception, rereadings and intertextual relations between key texts . . . and thus fills a troubling gap in French literary and cultural history. . . . The French Atlantic Triangle is a tremendous achievement that is possible only on the basis of decades of committed research and teaching. Most importantly, it is an important rectification of a reprehensible cultural narrative. Perhaps the day will come when French literary history can no longer be written without mentioning the slave trade and the slave colonies that subtended the motherland of liberty.”— Sibylle Fischer, Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History

T

he French slave trade forced more than one million Africans across the Atlantic to the islands of the Caribbean. It enabled France to establish SaintDomingue, the single richest colony on earth, and it connected France, Africa, and the Caribbean permanently. Yet the impact of the slave trade on the cultures of France and its colonies has received surprisingly little attention. Until recently, France had not publicly acknowledged its history as a major slave-trading power. Miller proposes a thorough assessment of the French slave trade and its cultural ramifications, in a broad, circum-Atlantic inquiry. This magisterial work is the first comprehensive examination of the French Atlantic slave trade and its consequences as represented in the history, literature, and film of France and its former colonies in Africa and the Caribbean.

Miller offers a historical introduction to the cultural and economic dynamics of the French slave trade, and he shows how Enlightenment thinkers such as Montesquieu and Voltaire mused about the enslavement of Africans, while Rousseau ignored it. He follows the twists and turns of attitude regarding the slave trade through the works of late-eighteenth- and earlynineteenth-century French writers, including Olympe de Gouges, Madame de Staël, Madame de Duras, Prosper Mérimée, and Eugène Sue. Turning to twentieth-century literature and film, Miller describes how artists from Africa and the Caribbean— including the writers Aimé Césaire, Maryse Condé, and Edouard Glissant, and the filmmakers Ousmane Sembene, Guy Deslauriers, and Roger Gnoan M’Bala—have confronted the aftermath of France’s slave trade, attempting to bridge the gaps between silence and disclosure, forgetfulness and memory. Christopher L. Miller is Frederick Clifford Ford Professor of African American Studies and French at Yale University.
2008. 592 pages, 17 illustrations 978-0-8223-4151-2, paper, $27.95 

Avant-Garde Fascism
The Mobilization of Myth, Art, and Culture in France, 1909–1939

mark antliFF
“If one wants to learn a great deal about how numerous art and cultural critics during the interwar period, especially in France, exploited modernist aesthetics on behalf of fascism, Antliff’s book is the place to go.”— Robert Soucy, American Historical Review “This outstanding study adds an important dimension to our understanding of French fascism. Mark Antliff deftly identifies a variety of ways in which fascists in France and elsewhere activated myths of the past to propel challenging yet seductive visions of achievable futures. This approach is not only crucial to a better grasp of the real causes of fascism’s success in the early twentieth century; it also implies a similar alertness to the threats—and the appeal— posed by the fundamentalisms that seek power in apparently democratic societies today.”—Terry Smith, editor of In Visible Touch: Modernism and Masculinity Investigating the central role that theories of the visual arts and creativity played in the development of fascism in France, Mark Antliff examines the aesthetic dimension of fascist myth-making within the history of the avant-garde. Between 1909 and 1939, a surprising array of modernists were implicated in this project, including such well-known figures as the symbolist painter Maurice Denis, the architects Le Corbusier and Auguste Perret, the sculptors Charles Despiau and Aristide Maillol, the “New Vision” photographer Germaine Krull, and the fauve Maurice Vlaminck. Antliff considers three French fascists: Georges Valois, Philippe Lamour, and Thierry Maulnier, demonstrating how they appropriated the avant-garde aesthetics of cubism, futurism, surrealism, and the socalled Retour à l’Ordre (“Return to Order”), and, in one instance, even defined the “dynamism” of fascist ideology in terms of Soviet filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein’s theory of montage. For these fascists, modern art was the mythic harbinger of a regenerative revolution that would overthrow existing governmental institutions, inaugurate an anticapitalist new order, and awaken the creative and artistic potential of the fascist “new man.”

In formulating the nexus of fascist ideology, aesthetics, and violence, Valois, Lamour, and Maulnier drew primarily on the writings of the French political theorist Georges Sorel, whose concept of revolutionary myth proved central to fascist theories of cultural and national regeneration in France. Antliff analyzes the impact of Sorel’s theory of myth on Valois, Lamour, and Maulnier. Valois created the first fascist movement in France; Lamour, a follower of Valois, established the short-lived Parti Fasciste Révolutionnaire in 1928 before founding two fascist-oriented journals; Maulnier forged a theory of fascism under the auspices of the journals Combat and Insurgé. Mark Antliff is Professor of Art, Art History, and Visual Studies at Duke University.
2007. 376 pages, 67 illustrations 978-0-8223-4034-8, paper, $24.95 

Good Bread is Back
stEvEn laurEnCE kaPlan
TranslaTed
by

A Contemporary History of French Bread, the Way it Is Made, and the People Who Make It

Native Sons
GrEGory mann

West African Veterans and France in the Twentieth Century

CaTherine PorTer

“A magnificent combination of polemic and scholarship, it asks how the superlative French bread of the eighteenth, nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries gave way to the disappointing industrial loaves of the 1960s onwards; and how these in turn, have been happily supplanted by a new generation of artisananal baguettes, batards and boules.”—Bee Wilson, Times Literary Supplement “[Kaplan is] not just the leading authority on French bread but the conscience of French baking – a conscience that does not hesitate to tug. . . . Good Bread is Back [is] a punchy, compendious account of how French baking returned to its artisanal roots and sparked a revival in quality crusts.”— Michael Steinberger, Financial Times Steven Laurence Kaplan is the Goldwin Smith Professor of European History at Cornell University and Visiting Professor of Modern History. His many books include The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1770–1775, also published by Duke University Press. The French government has twice knighted Kaplan for his contributions to the “sustenance and nourishment” of French culture.
2006. 384 pages, 46 color illustrations 978-0-8223-3833-8, cloth $28.95

“Mann has elegantly captured the dense web of human relations, discourses of obligation, and reconfigured social ties that link the dusty town of San to the many other outposts of the empire, as well as to the postcolonial capitals of Paris and Bamako.”—Alice L. Conklin, French Historical Studies “The publication of . . . Mann’s studies suggest new directions in the fields of French colonial history, African studies, and twentieth-century military history. By bringing to light important and overlooked aspects of the imperial dynamic . . . . Mann [has] made meaningful contributions to our understanding of the connections between Europe and Africa and of the legacies of the colonial encounters for both regions.”— James E. Genova, International History Review “This elegantly written study of the complex pattern of ambiguous relationships between France and the West African veterans of the French army is as much about the present as the past. . . . [A]n engaging and compelling history and it leaves the reader with some intriguing issues to chew on.”— Ineke van Kessel, Leeds African Studies Bulletin Gregory Mann is Associate Professor of History at Columbia University.
Politics, History, and Culture 2006. 344 pages, 9 illustrations 978-0-8223-3768-3, paper $24.95 

Curing the Colonizers
Hydrotherapy, Climatology, and French Colonial Spas

Disciplining Statistics
Demography and Vital Statistics in France and England, 1830–1885

EriC t. JEnninGs
“This is a very well constructed study, with the case studies rounded off by a measured conclusion. The main themes are clearly argued and demonstrated, the text nicely illustrated with postcards, advertisements and other illustrations. It is a very welcome addition to the growing literature on the spas.”—Alastair J. Durie, French History “By telling the history of colonial France through the fascinating and focused lens of hydrotherapy and spa going, Jennings reminds us that dispensing with the deep meanings of Vichy is not as simple as Capt. Louis Renault makes it appear in the final scene of Casablanca.”—Sebastian Normandin, Canadian Journal of History “Like all good books, this one raises many intriguing questions. Coupled with its clear prose and well-argued themes, it provides an excellent teaching tool and makes a fine contribution to the growing literature on the French colonies.”—Patricia M. E. Lorcin, The International History Review Eric T. Jennings is Professor of History at the University of Toronto.
2006. 288 pages, 29 illustrations 978-0-8223-3822-2, paper $22.95

liBBy sChWEBEr

“[S]cholars will want to read this book if they are interested in comparative history, the sociology of discipline formation, or the intellectual history of population studies in particular.”—Graham Mooney, Victorian Studies “[Schweber’s] work adds to a growing body of literature about the origins of the new social sciences in the nineteenth century, and their relationship to other sciences, the state, and public-policy formation. . . . The work is a closely argued, careful, and detailed reading of the organizational forms, intellectual debates, and scientific practices created by the men who defined, literally named, and built the new population sciences.”—Margo J. Anderson, Journal of Interdisciplinary History “[T]his book is highly interesting . . . a systematic and comparative piece of research [that] contributes to interesting approaches in the history of sciences which are at the crossroads of social, political and scientific arenas.”—Alain Blum, European Sociological Review Libby Schweber is a Reader in the Department of Sociology at the University of Reading.
2006. 288 pages 978-0-8223-3814-7, paper $23.95 

Imperialism and the Corruption of Democracies
hErman lEBoviCs
“[T]his volume is an important collection from a prominent historian that contributes to the critical history of imperialism. . . . [I]t is a useful and significant book. Lebovics provides several sophisticated ways in which we can see the inter-related history of the colonies and the metropole. His approach is wide ranging, linking cultural developments to specific political moments and economic processes.”—Michael G. Vann, Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History “Herman Lebovics is among the most innovative cultural historians working on modern France.”—Mary Dewhurst Lewis, Journal of Modern History “Lebovics’s light touch masks the extensive research that supports his arguments. His enjoyable and profound treatise on contemporary France should be read by anyone interested in the dilemmas of the postcolonial world.”—John R. Bowen, American Anthopologist Herman Lebovics is Professor of History at Stony Brook University.
2006. 192 pages, 14 b&w photographs 978-0-8223-3697-6, paper $21.95

Bringing the Empire Back Home
France in the Global Age

hErman lEBoviCs

“[A] tour de force. Through its lively narrative, [Bringing the Empire Back Home] succeeds in painting a complex portrait of contemporary French identity and of the tools that socially and politically construct it. The book is particularly strong in showing how the current struggle to contest globalization arose from the interplay between French cultural policy and decolonization, and from the fact that the French centralized model manifests itself in all walks of life—from controlling academic curricula to deciding on the content of museums’ collections.”—Sophie Meunier, Journal of Interdisciplinary History “It is hard to imagine a more appropriate moment for Bringing the Empire Back Home. The shocking view of thousands of enraged young men issues de l’immigration setting their suburban neighborhoods on fire in October 2005 have made Lebovics’ an unusually timely book.”—Andrés Reggiani, French Politics, Culture, and Society “Herman Lebovics provides the most sophisticated guide we have to the past generation’s identity politics in France.”— Clifford Rosenberg, Journal of Modern History
Radical Perspectives 2004. 248 pages, 29 b&w photographs 978-0-8223-3260-2, cloth $29.95 

A Tale of Two Murders
Passion and Power in Seventeenth-Century France

The Color of Liberty
Histories of Race in France

JamEs r. Farr

suE PEaBody
Editors

and

tylEr stovall,

“The best micro-histories manage to convey the texture of a vanished culture and to define and amplify the basic issues, concerns, and imperatives that infused the society in which the highlighted events unfolded. Farr’s engrossing study, A Tale of Two Murders, delivers those insights in spades.”—Jay M. Smith, Journal of Interdisciplinary History “I enjoyed this book immensely. Beautifully written and carefully structured, it uses the narration of a murder mystery to demonstrate how the early modern French legal system worked, in particular how the informal system of patronage and influence was used to manipulate the legal system. Based almost entirely on archival sources, the book is meticulously researched and exhibits exemplary scholarship. . . . It is a tour de force, combing popular and scholarly history, and highly recommended to everyone.”—Sharon Kettering, Law and History Review “A Tale of Two Murders is . . . riveting and readable, equally appropriate for an audience of university students or general readers.”—Brian Sandberg, Renaissance Quarterly James R. Farr is Professor of History at Purdue University.
2005. 240 pages, 16 illustrations 978-0-8223-3471-2, paper $22.95

“[A]n important collection of essays on the history of race in France. . . . [I]ts engagement with larger questions of race and empire make it an important read for anyone interested in the histories of modern France, identity formation, or colonialism.”— Rebecca Hartkopf Schloss, Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History “[These] seminal essays frame important questions about French ‘histories of race’ and contribute to our general understanding of the role race plays in shaping the modern world.”—David H. Slavin, American Historical Review Contributors. Leora Auslander, Claude Blanckaert, Alice Conklin, Fred Constant, Laurent Dubois, Yaël Simpson Fletcher, Richard Fogarty, John Garrigus, Dana Hale, Thomas C. Holt, Patricia M. E. Lorcin, Dennis McEnnerney, Michael A. Osborne, Lynn Palermo, Sue Peabody, Pierre H. Boulle, Alyssa Goldstein Sepinwall, Tyler Stovall, Michael G. Vann, Gary Wilder Sue Peabody is Professor of History at Washington State University Vancouver. Tyler Stovall is Professor of History at the University of California, Berkeley.
2003. 400 pages, 13 illustrations 978-0-8223-3117-9, paper $25.95 

0

In the Aftermath of Genocide
Armenians and Jews in Twentieth-Century France

Making Jazz French
JEFFrEy h. JaCkson

Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris

maud s. mandEl

“Mandel does make a convincing case, backed up by an impressive bibliography and extensive notes. The book is particularly valuable in providing a thorough historical examination of the status of the survivors of genocide in French society, taking into account social, cultural and religious distinctions, and makes a case for the essential questions of the twentieth century where personal identity is becoming more entrenched in national identity.”— Ferzina Banaji, French Studies “Detailed, thorough, and thoughtful, Mandel’s book is an excellent addition to the scholarly literature of genocide and its consequences. By focusing on an often neglected aspect of this phenomenon, the author has contributed greatly to our understanding of the ways in which persecuted groups are able to respond to their victimization, and her book should be of interest to anyone concerned about these important issues.”—Alex Alvarez, American Historical Review Maud S. Mandel is Dorot Assistant Professor of Judaic Studies and Assistant Professor of History at Brown University.
2003. 336 pages 978-0-8223-3121-6, paper $23.95

“In the first half of his book, Jackson provides a fresh analysis of the context of the introduction of jazz in Paris and, more significantly, how and why jazz symbolized modern life to the interwar French. . . . [T]he larger importance of Jackson’s study is as a corrective: interwar xenophobia and integral nationalism were not the only cultural responses to modernity and the interwar crises in France. Rather the almost mythic French cosmopolitan spirit also flourished during these troubled times, a useful reminder in light of horrors of the 1940s.”—Brett Berliner, L’Esprit Créateur “Making Jazz French is a well-written introduction to the subject.”—Jon Cowans, French Politics, Culture and Society “Jackson’s interesting . . . work traces how a new ‘cabaret culture’ replaced big dancehalls, examines the effect recording technology had on the spread of jazz, and shows how, by the end of the 30s, the indefatigable French had managed to incorporate jazz into a new idea of a national cultural tradition.”—Steven Poole, The Guardian Jeffrey H. Jackson is Associate Professor of History at Rhodes College.
American Encounters/Global Interactions 2003. 280 pages, 10 b&w photographhs 978-0-8223-3124-7, paper $23.95 

Childhood in the Promised Land
laura lEE doWns

Working-Class Movements and the Colonies de Vacances in France, 1880–1960

Vichy and the Eternal Feminine
TranslaTed

A Contribution of a Political Sociology of Gender

FranCinE muEl-drEyFus
by

KaThleen a. Johnson

“[A] remarkable book. . . . [S]o much is conveyed about ideology, gender, class, work and leisure that this book is a ‘must’ for all who are interested in French society in the past century.”—Hugh Clout, Modern and Contemporary France “[M]eticulously researched. . . . More than simply a history of summer camps, Childhood in the Promised Land is ultimately a rich and perceptive account of the rise and fall of one particular ideal of social transformation and solidarity.”—Katrin Schultheiss, Labor History “Downs takes great care to show us how children were often at the center of ideological and cultural disputes in France between 1880 and 1960. Her book . . . opens up new terrain for historians to discuss how children fared in these cultural conflicts.”—Anne T. Quartararo, The Historian Laura Lee Downs is Directeur d’Etudes at the Centre de Recherches Historiques of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris.
2002. 432 pages, 40 illustrations 978-0-8223-2944-2, paper $25.95

“Muel-Dreyfus makes a convincing argument for a gendered examination of the Vichy regime in her exhaustively researched and well-written text. The author provides an interesting perspective on the paroxysms of guilt that overtook French society after its stunning defeat.”—Susan E. Dawson, Journal of Women’s History “Vichy and the Eternal Feminine elucidates the impact of gender mythology on Vichy discourse and, in a larger context, on much of the European political Right from the late nineteenth through the midtwentieth centuries. It also raises questions about the reception of these messages by Frenchwomen, which researchers since 1996 have begun to address. Duke University Press is to be commended for making the book available to Anglophone readers.”—Bertram M. Gordon, Journal of Social History

Francine Muel-Dreyfus is Director of Studies at the Centre for European Sociology, School for the Study of Social Sciences (EHESS) in Paris. Kathleen A. Johnson is a professional translator who holds a Ph.D in French literature from the University of California, Irvine.
2001. 400 pages, 20 b&w photographs 978-0-8223-2774-5, paper $24.95 

Winner, Hagley Prize in Business History Winner, 2002 Berkshire Prize

A Social Laboratory for Modern France
The Musée Social and the Rise of the Welfare State

Fabricating Women
ClarE haru CroWston

The Seamstresses of Old Regime France, 1675–1791

JanEt r. hornE

“A wide variety of historians will be eager to read this study of the most important female guild and fourth-largest trade organization in eighteenth-century Paris. . . .”—Jennifer Jones, Journal of Modern History “This impressive and thoroughly researched book both challenges some long-standing assumptions and recreates a world. . . . The author’s commitment to her subject is as infectious as it is impressive. Even readers with less than a burning interest in the seamstresses will find themselves sharing Crowston’s fascination with their history, if only from the cumulative effects of her sustained analysis and artful prose. In short, this book, which bridges the gap between social and cultural history as well as any recent study, should find a wide readership among historians of the Old Regime and beyond. . . . Crowston’s book is ambitious, a sort of histoire totale, which, unlike many Annales-inspired histories, never strays from a clear and pertinent line of inquiry. . . . Crowston’s is a marvelous book that establishes a model of thorough, intelligent research.”—Robert A. Schneider, Journal of Interdisciplinary History Clare Haru Crowston is Associate Professor of History at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
2001. 528 pages, 18 illustrations 978-0-8223-2666-3, paper $27.95

“Horne’s excellent book is a welcome addition to a growing body of historical works on the late nineteenth-century origins of the French welfare state.”—Joshua Cole, Social History “This is an extremely useful analysis for anyone interested not only in French social welfare, but also in the history of the parapolitical sphere, associational life among France’s elite, and the shifting boundaries between public and private. . . . Horne has done an excellent job of widening the scope of social welfare history, giving us all a whole new range of actors and issues to contemplate.”—Steve M. Beaudoin, Journal of Social History “A Social Laboratory for Modern France fills a significant gap in the literature on French social policy history. . . . [S]olid archival research. . . . [T]his book will prove useful to all the students of turn-of-the-20thcentury French society.”—Daniel Béland, American Journal of Sociology Janet R. Horne is Associate Professor of French at the University of Virginia.
2001. 344 pages, 17 illustrations 978-0-8223-2792-9, paper $24.95 

From Revolutionaries to Citizens
Paul B. millEr

Antimilitarism in France, 1870–1914

French Historical Studies
PatriCia m. E. lorCin,
Editor

“Miller’s study allows us to understand the complexities of republican citizenship in modern France.”—James R. Lehning, Nineteenth-Century French Studies “From Revolutionaries to Citizens takes a refreshingly different approach to the predicament of French antimilitarism before 1914. . . . Drawing upon a wide range of published and archival sources, Miller makes his case with commendable aplomb.”— Sudhir Hazareesingh, Journal of Modern History “Miller makes a solid scholarly contribution to our understanding of French antimilitarist culture in general and the nuances between various tendencies in French socialism, anarchism, and revolutionary syndicalism. . . . [D]elightful.”—Keith Mann, International Labor and WorkingClass History Paul B. Miller is Associate Professor of History at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland.
2001. 296 pages, 4 illustrations 978-0-8223-2766-0, paper $24.95

French Historical Studies, the leading journal on the history of France, publishes articles, commentaries, and research notes on all periods of French history from the Middle Ages to the present. The journal’s diverse format includes forums, review essays, special issues, and articles in French, as well as bilingual abstracts of the articles in each issue. Also featured are bibliographies of recent articles, dissertations and books in French history, and announcements of fellowships, prizes, and conferences of interest to French historians.
Current Volume: 31 Frequency: Quarterly ISSN: 0016-1071 e-ISSN: 1527-5493 individual subscription includes membership in the Society for French Historical Studies: $45.00 student subscription includes membership in the Society for French Historical Studies: $25.00 

Index
Antliff, Mark 6 Camiscioli, Elisa 1 Crowston, Clare Haru 13 Downs, Laura Lee 12 Farr, James R. 10 Frader, Laura Levine 4 Horne, Janet R. 13 Jackson, Jeffrey H. 11 Jennings, Eric T. 8 Johnson, Kathleen A. 12 Kaplan, Steven Laurence 7 Lebovics, Herman 9 Lorcin, Patricia M. E. 14 Mandel, Maud S. 11 Mann, Gregory 7 Miller, Christopher L. 5 Miller, Paul B. 14 Muel-Dreyfus, Francine 12 Peabody, Sue 10 Porter, Catherine 3, 7 Schweber, Libby 8 Stovall, Tyler 10 Weil, Patrick 3 Whitney, Susan B. 2

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