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**Problem Set 1: Particle Dynamics
**

In this problem set, Problems 1 to 4 will be discssed drin! the ttorial session"

Problems # to $ are !i%en as e&tras for yor own practice"

Problem 1

A baseball pitching machine “throws” baseballs with a horizontal velocity v

0

.

Knowing that height h varies between 788 mm and 1068 mm determine !a" the range

o# val$es o# v

0

!b" the val$es o# α corresponding to h % 788 mm and h % 1068 mm.

Answer& !a" '(.0 m)s* +1.1 m)s. !b" +.0,-* 6.67-

Problem 2

As the tr$c. shown begins to bac. $p with a constant acceleration o# 1.( m)s

(

the

o$ter section / o# its boom starts to retract with a constant acceleration o# 0., m)s

(

relative to the tr$c.. 0etermine !a" the acceleration o# section / !b" the velocity o#

section / when t%( s.

Answer& !a" !0.871 i 2 0.'8' '" m)s

(

. !b" !1.7,8 i 2 0.766 '" m)s

Problem 3

A t$rntable A is b$ilt into a stage #or $se in a theatrical prod$ction. 3t is observed

d$ring a rehearsal that a tr$n. / starts to slide on the t$rntable 1( s a#ter the t$rntable

begins to rotate. Knowing that the tr$n. $ndergoes a constant tangential acceleration

o# 0.(, m)s

(

determine the coe##icient o# static #riction between the tr$n. and the

t$rntable.

Answer& 0.'8'

Problem 4

4o $nload a bo$nd stac. o# plywood #rom a tr$c. the driver #irst tilts the bed o# the

tr$c. and then accelerates #rom rest. Knowing the coe##icients o# #riction between the

bottom sheet o# plywood and the bed are 5

s

% 0.+0 and 5

.

% 0.'0 determine !a" the

smallest acceleration o# the tr$c. which will ca$se the stac. o# plywood to slide !b"

the acceleration o# the tr$c. which ca$ses corner A o# the stac. to reach the end o# the

bed in 0.1 s.

Answer& !a" 0.'1 m)s

(

!b" +.17 m)s

(

Problem # (E&tra)

A telemetry system is $sed to 6$anti#y .inematic val$es o# a s.i 7$mper immediately

be#ore she leaves the ramp. According to the system r % 1,0m dr)dt % 8'1., m)s

d

(

r)dt

(

% 8' m)s

(

9 % (,- d9)dt % 0.07 rad)s d

(

9)dt

(

% 0.06 rad)s

(

. 0etermine !a" the

velocity o# the s.ier immediately be#ore she leaves the 7$mp !b" the acceleration o#

the s.ier at this instant !c" the distance o# the 7$mp d neglecting li#t and air resistance.

Problem * (E&tra)

/loc. A has a mass o# +0 .g and bloc. B has a mass o# 8 .g. 4he coe##icients o#

#riction between all s$r#aces o# contact are :

s

% 0.(0 and :

.

% 0.1,. 3# ; % +0 <

determine !a" the acceleration o# bloc. B !b" the tension in the cord.

Problem $ (E&tra)

A '8.g bloc. is at rest relative to a parabolic dish which rotates at a constant rate

abo$t a vertical a=is. Knowing that the coe##icient o# static #riction is 0., and that r %

( m determine the ma=im$m allowable velocity o# the bloc..

ME 3112 Mechanics of Machines

Problem Set 2: +inematics of ri!id bodies

In this problem set, Problems 1 to 4 will be discssed drin! the ttorial session"

Problems # to $ are !i%en as e&tras for yor own practice"

Problem 1

Knowing that the dis. has a constant ang$lar velocity o# 1, rad)s cloc.wise

determine the ang$lar velocity o# bar /0 and the velocity o# collar 0 when !a" θ%0°

!b" θ%10° !c" θ%180°.

Answer& !a" +.'8 rad)s* 0.'1 m)s. !b" 0 rad)s* 1.06, m)s. !c" +.'8 rad)s* 0.'1 m)s.

Problem 2

>ollar 0 slides on a #i=ed vertical rod. Knowing that the dis. has a constant ang$lar

velocity o# 1, rad)s cloc.wise determine the ang$lar acceleration o# bar /0 and the

acceleration o# collar 0 when !a" θ%0° !b" θ%10° !c" θ%180°.

Answer& !a",.,, rad)s

(

* 10.1'm)s

(

. !b" 7,.1 rad)s

(

* 10.77m)s

(

. !c" ,.,, rad)s

(

*

(1.0(m)s

(

.

Problem 3

4he motion o# nozzle 0 is controlled by arm A/. At the instant shown the arm is

rotating co$ntercloc.wise at the constant rate ω%(.+ rad)s and portion /> is being

e=tended at the constant rate $%(,0 mm)s with respect to the arm. ?or each o# the

arrangements shown determine the acceleration o# nozzle 0.

Answer& !a" 1.70( m)s

(

. !b" (.,, m)s

(

Problem 4

4he crane shown rotates at the constant rate ω

1

%0.(, rad)s* sim$ltaneo$sly the

telescoping boom is being lowered at the constant rate ω

2

%0.+0 rad)s. Knowing that at

the instant shown the length o# the boom is 6m and is increasing at the constant rate

$%0.+,m)s determine the velocity and acceleration o# point /.

Answer& v%!1.(11i81.8,''@1.,10," m)s a%!0.71,i80.71('80.176,"m)s

(

Problem # (E&tra)

Arm AB has a constant ang$lar velocity o# 16 rad)s co$nter8cloc.wise. At the instant

when 9 % 10- determine the acceleration !a" o# collar D !b" o# the midpoint G o# bar

BD.

Problem * (E&tra)

;in P is attached to the wheel shown and slides in a slot c$t in bar BD. 4he wheel

rolls to the right witho$t slipping with a constant ang$lar velocity o# (0 rad)s.

Knowing that = % +80 mm when 9 % 0 determine !a" the ang$lar acceleration o# the

bar !b" the relative acceleration o# pin P with respect to the bar when 9 % 0.

Problem $ (E&tra)

A dis. o# radi$s 1(0 mm rotates at the constant rate A

(

% , rad)s with respect to the

arm AB which itsel# rotates at the constant rate A

1

% ' rad)s. ?or the position shown

determine the velocity and acceleration o# point C.

ME 3112 Mechanics of Machines

Problem Set 3: +inetics and -ewton.s second law

In this problem set, Problems 1 to 3 will be discssed drin! the ttorial session"

Problems 4 to * are !i%en as e&tras for yor own practice"

Problem 1

A + .g $ni#orm slender rod A/ is held in position by two ropes and the lin. >A which

has a negligible weight. A#ter rope /0 is c$t the assembly rotates in a vertical plane

$nder the combined e##ect o# gravity and a 6 <m co$ple B applied to lin. >A as

shown. 0etermine immediately a#ter rope /0 has been c$t !a" the acceleration o# rod

A/ !b" the tension in rope C/.

Answer& !a" 1.,7( m)s

(

. !b" (0.8 <.

Problem 2

4he collar / o# negligible mass can slide #reely on the + .g $ni#orm rod >0. Knowing

that in the position shown cran. A/ rotates with an ang$lar velocity o# , rad)s and an

ang$lar acceleration o# 60 rad)s

(

both cloc.wise determine the #orce e=erted on rod

>0 by collar /.

Answer& 1,.01 <

Problem 3

A thin ring o# radi$s r%(0.' cm is attached by a collar at point A to a vertical sha#t

which rotates with a constant ang$lar velocity ω. 0etermine !a" the constant angle β

that the plane o# the ring #orms with the vertical when ω%10 rad)s !b" the largest

val$e o# ω #or which the ring will remain vertical !β%0".

Answer& !a" 71.(°. !b",.67 rad)s.

Problem 4 (E&tra)

A '008mm radi$s cylinder o# mass 8 .g rests on a '8.g carriage. 4he system is at rest

when a #orce P o# magnit$de (0 < is applied. Knowing that the cylinder rolls witho$t

sliding on the carriage and neglecting the mass o# the wheels o# the carriage

determine !a" the acceleration o# the carriage !b" the acceleration o# point A !c" the

distance the cylinder has rolled with respect to the carriage a#ter 0., s.

Problem # (E&tra)

4he (,08mm $ni#orm rod BD o# mass , .g is connected as shown to dis. A and to a

collar o# negligible mass that may slide #reely along a vertical rod. Knowing that dis.

A rotates co$ntercloc.wise at a constant rate o# ,00 rpm determine the reactions at D

when 9 % 0.

Problem * (E&tra)

4he 1,08g gear A is constrained to roll on the #i=ed gear B b$t is #ree to rotate abo$t

a=le AD. A=le AD o# length +00 mm and negligible mass is connected by a clevis to

the vertical sha#t DE which rotates as shown with a constant ang$lar velocity A

1

.

Ass$ming that gear A can be appro=imated by a thin dis. o# radi$s 80 mm determine

the largest allowable val$e o# A

1

i# gear A is not to lose contact with gear B.

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