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Microsoft
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Professional

2008 E
6 5 4 7
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Applications:
11 of
1000
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Line Scan
Sensor
Head
with
integrated
bright field
illumination
Innovative
inspection system
for surface,
texture, dimension,
and geometry
control
Turn-key System
TM
CCD Line Scan Cameras
512 to 12000 Pixel, monochrom and color.
Modular interface concept
analog: RS422
digital:
USB 2.0
LVDS
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2
2008 E
Smart line scan cameras with USB 2.0 interface Page 27
Stand-alone system for measuring widths and edge position
without PC, 2x digital out, 1x analog out, parametrization via USB 2.0 interface
Smart
12K
12K CCD Line Scan Camera Page 44
12000 pixels, pixel size 6.5 x 6.5 m, sensor length 78 mm
Modular interface concept: GigE,
CameraLink,
LVDS
CCD line scan camera family...-XL Page 32
Camera series for line sensors with up to 60 mm length
Modular system for monochrome, TDI and color sensors
with interfaces GigE Vision, LVDS, CameraLink

or USB 2.0
Focus adapters and intermediate rings
SK 9170: Gray Scale Line Signal 0
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Microsoft
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Contents
Introduction Page 4
Function and application Page 4
Selection criteria Page 5
Start-up of CCD line scan cameras Page 6
System adjustment with oscilloscopic display
Shading correction and white balance
Sensor alignment, lens focusing
Interfaces Page 9
GigE Vision, USB 2.0, CameraLink

and LVDS
Characteristics and varieties
System components, maximum cable lengths and accessories
CCD line scan cameras with GigE Vision interface Page 12
Camera characteristics, software and accessories
Monochrome and color line scan cameras, TDI cameras.
TDI line scan cameras with GigE interface Page 28
Color line scan cameras with GigE interface Page 30
CCD line scan cameras with LVDS interface Page 18
Camera characteristics, software and accessories
Monochrome and color line scan cameras, TDI cameras.
PC interface (grabber) and Merger Box Page 20
TDI line scan cameras with LVDS interface Page 28
Color line scan cameras with LVDS interface Page 30
CCD line scan cameras with CameraLink

Page 16
Camera characteristics, software and accessories
Monochrome and color line scan cameras, TDI cameras.
TDI line scan cameras with CameraLink interface Page 28
Color line scan cameras with CameraLink interface Page 30
CCD line scan cameras with USB 2.0 interface Page 14
Camera characteristics, software LabVIEW VI library
Monochrome and color line scan cameras.
Color line scan cameras with USB 2.0 interface Page 30
CCD color line scan cameras Page 30
Modular interface concept, digital and analog
Distinctiveness of dual line and triple line color line scan cameras
TDI line scan cameras Page 28
CCD line scan camera with integrated bright field illumination Page 34
Integrated in a sensor head within an industrial needs suiting unit.
Optional with GigE Vision, LVDS, CameraLink

or USB 2.0 interface


Electronically controlled LED line illumination
Applications Page 35
Software for CCD line scan camera systems Page 8
Software development kit (SDK) with drivers, DLLs, C++ class library and
sample programs for Windows, DOS and Linux
VI library for LabVIEW
Highly light sensitive due to Time Delayed Integration.
Sensor lengths of 1024, 2048 and 4096 pixels, modular interface concept
Application: Image acquisition with dark field illumination
CCD line scan cameras: types and technical data Page 10
Tabulation of all 70 CCD line scan cameras by Schfter+Kirchhoff
70 different CCD line scan cameras, ordered by interface and pixels.
Technical data on line frequency, dynamic range, body type and further characteristics.
Selection of several line scan cameras with identical pixel length (e.g. 5 LVDS cameras with 2048 pixels/line)
LVDS
USB 2.0
TM
LVDS
USB2.0
TM
No.
CCD Line Scan
Camera
Order code
Interface
1
Pixels
2
Max.
pixel
frequency
3
1 SK512GSD 512 30 MHz
Max.
line
frequency
4
Video
signa
5
53.50 kHz 8/12 B
Interface
S Y S T E M E
Microsoft
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CCD line scan cameras with analog interface Page 26
Camera characteristics, software LabVIEW VI library, PC interface (grabber)
Monochrome and color line scan cameras.
Color line scan cameras with analog interface Page 30
analog
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Lenses, lens adapters Page 36
Lenses for (almost) any requirement
CCTV lenses
Photo lenses
Scan and macro lenses
Formulas for lens selection Page 39
Calculating instead of trying
Mounting brackets, mounting consoles and focus adapters Page 38
Mounting brackets of type 5105 and 5105L, and mounting consoles of type 5105-2 and 5105-2L
for cameras with C-Mount and lens thread M40x0.75 / M45x0.75.
Focus adapter FA26-S45, module rack for cameras of the series -XL
Dimensional drawings Page 46
Dimensional drawings of all CCD line scan cameras
Illumination components and accessories Page 40
Excimer lamp system, fluorescent tubes, LED illumination,
Fiber-optic cross-sectional transformers
Laser line generator for structured illumination Page 42
Laser line generators for 3D object measurement due to combined illumination
Laser diode collimator flatbeam

Cables and power supplies Page 45


Connection cables for CCD line scan cameras
CCD line scan camera system with bright field illumination Page 34/35
Integrated in a sensor head within an industrial needs suiting unit.
Large area scan macroscope Page 43
For automated gridfinger inspection of solar cells
OEM cameras / special developments Page 44
3D measurement and inspection systems
Laser reflex sensor
Long-distance microscope
f =
OO
1/ + + 2
Applications and OEM Products
Dark field illumination / grazing illumination Page 29
TDI Camera with LED dark field illumination
dark
field
bright
field
Optical filters Page 40
With many measuring tasks the quality of the raw data in terms of contrast and sharpness
can be improved directly trough optical filtering.
Long pass, bandpass, notch and polarization filters
550 600 650 700 750
100
80
60
40
20
0
RG 630 OG 590 RG 715
Wellenlnge in nm
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PC interfaces and Merger Box
PC interface (grabber) for CCD line scan cameras with LVDS interface Page 20
Merger Box: Running of several CCD line scan cameras with only one PC interface Page 22
PC interface (grabber) for CCD- line scan cameras with analog interface Page 26
and Merger Box
PC Interface
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4
2008 E
CCD line scan cameras are semiconductor
cameras with one photosensitive line only. They
are used mainly for industrial applications. Line
scan cameras are used directly for determi-
nation of one-dimensional measures, e.g. width
of a gap, or in combination with a scanning
motion for acquisition of two-dimensional
images as, e.g. in fax machines and scanners.
Advantages of CCD line scan cameras such as
high optical resolution, high speed, and free
synchronization to individual line scans offer a
large variety of applications in opto-sensors
and measurement technology.
A selection of one- and two-dimensional appli-
cations is shown in the box below.
Exposure means illuminance of the line scan
sensor for a set time period. The light sensitive
elements of the sensor transform radiation into
free charges. The time period of accumulation
of these charges during one exposure is called
integration time. The sensor is read out by
scrolling out the accumulated charges pixel-
by-pixel by means of a shift register. In contin-
uous mode, the next exposure is started at the
time of read-out of the previous exposure. The
charges accumulated at each camera pixel are
transformed in voltage values for further
conditioning.
Today Schfter+Kirchhoff offers mainly digital
line scan cameras. In digital cameras the line
scan signal is digitized with 8 or 12 bit resolution
on the camera board directly. Some analog line
scan cameras provide downward compatibili-
ty. Digital CCD line scan cameras are provided
with GigE Vision
TM
, LVDS, CameraLink

, or
USB2.0 interface.
Schfter+Kirchhoff now also supports the latest
industrial standard, the GigE Vision
TM
interface. Scalability, flexibility, cable length up
to 100 m, and last but not least the availability
of competitive cables for network engineering
makes the GigE Vision
TM
standard interesting
for automation technology.
Cameras with LVDS interface are operated
with the Schfter+Kirchhoff line scan grabber
SK9192D with PCI bus especially developed for
line scan cameras.
Signal processing such as run-length enco-
ding, thresholding, windowing, and shading
correction are performed on-board and there-
fore do not need additional computing time. In
combination with the Schfter+Kirchhoff merg-
er box, multiple CCD line scan cameras are op-
erated line-synchronously with a single line
scan grabber.
Cameras with CameraLink

interface fit
seamlessly into systems where CameraLink

grabber is already used.


Cameras with USB2.0 interface are the prime
choice for mobile applications or for appli-
cations with changing PCs, e.g. mobile
measurement systems or educational experi-
ments operated by a notebook.
A tabular overview of properties and connec-
tion possibilities of the different interfaces is
given on page 9.
CCD Line Scan Cameras: Function and Application
10
1 2 3
Optical resolution
Exposure and integration time Interfaces for line scan cameras
Pixel and line frequency
1
2

h
h

60 30
30
60
h = 237 mm
12
4
5 6 7 8
Opto-electronical measurement systems with line scan cameras made by Schfter+Kirchhoff
TE = Exposure period, fL = Line scan frequency
N = Number of pixels, NP = passive pixels of the sensor
fP = Pixel frequency
1
TE
fL =
N + NP
fP
TE =
The optical resolution of a line scan camera is
given by the number of pixels (picture
elements), the photosensitive elements of the
line sensor. Line scan cameras with up to 12000
pixels are available. In case of a scanning
motion, the resolution perpendicular to the line
scan camera is determined by the velocity of
scan and by the line scan frequency, i.e. by the
number of line scans per second. With line scan
cameras, substantially higher resolutions are
reached compared to conventional CCIR video
cameras. In case of drum-supplied material and
belt conveyors etc., line scan cameras offer the
additional capability of continuous endless im-
age acquisition.
The pixel frequency is the rate at which the free
charges are read out of the sensor. The
maximum pixel frequency is limited by the
individual sensor. The maximum pixel frequen-
cy determines, combined with the number of
pixels (plus a sensor-dependant number of
passive pixels), the minimum time required for
the read-out of a whole line scan the minimum
exposure period.
The reciprocal minimum exposure period is the
maximum line frequency.
At cameras with integration control function the
integration time within a exposure period can
be truncated (shutter).
The maximum pixel and maximum line scan fre-
quencies of the cameras available are shown in
the synoptical table on pages 10 and 11.
Laser shadow boundaries
Determination of edge
positions, slit widths, or object
widths by evaluation of shadow
boundaries excited by a parallel
laser ray beam.
Laser diffraction
Measuring of wire thicknesses
by evaluation of a diffraction
image (Fraunhofer diffraction).
Glass thickness measuring
Partial reflections originating at
surfaces reach the line scan
sensor at distinct positions.
Evaluation of the glass thick-
ness by the distance.
Laser triangulation
High-speed measurement
system for vibration analysis,
ranging, and contour measure-
ment.
Scanner for earths surface:
A satellite travels on orbit.
Belt conveyor:
Objects under test under the
line scan camera (information of
height by laser triangulation).
Vibration analysis:
Monitoring and analysis of high-
frequency oscillations.
Screening installation:
Objects to be sorted by size or
by defects drop down across
the line scan camera.
0
SK1024GPD
SK2048GPD
SK5150DJR
SK12000GPT
SK7500GTO
2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 Pixel
CCD line scan camera made by
Schfter + Kirchhoff
CCIR video camera
768 x 576 pixels
Optical resolution of CCD line sensors
Pixel number: 256 to 12000
(3 x 10680 for triple-line CCD)
Pixel size: 4 to 14 m
Sensor length: 3 to 56 mm
Line frequency: up to 83 kHz
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5
2008 E
Color cameras
series ..KOC and
..JRC
Color sensor with
RGB sensitivity. In
case of need the
sensitivity of the ca-
mera is confined to
the visible spectral range 400 - 700 nm by use
of a UV/IR blocking filter (see page 40).
Schfter+Kirchhoff provides more than 50 dif-
ferent line scan cameras with black&white sen-
sors or with color sensors. The large variety of
cameras offers an appropriate line scan cam-
era for all measuring tasks. An overview of line
scan cameras available and their technical data
is shown in the synoptical table on pages 10
and 11. In addition to the criteria already noted,
i.e. number of pixels, maximum line scan fre-
quency, and type of interface, there are selec-
tion criteria such as:
Anti-blooming: Without anti-blooming sa-
turated pixels, which can not accumulate
additional charges, transfer surplaus
charges, in case of further illumination, to
neighboring pixels. Bright, overexposed re-
gions of the line scan signal are broadened.
Cameras with anti-blooming function drain
the charge excess (see below).
Integration control: Without integration con-
trol the line scan frequency determines the
exposure time: while charges of a finished line
scan are read out, the next line scan is
exposed. The minimum exposure time is
attained at maximum line scan frequency.
Integration control corresponds to the func-
tion of a shutter. The accumulation of charges
is truncated previous to the finish of the line
scan period. In case of high light intensities,
over-exposures are avoided.
Dynamic range and digitalization depth:
Depending on the sensor used, line scan
cameras are distinguished in their dynamic
range (signal to noise ratio). Some of the
digital line scan cameras can be operated
alternatively with 8 bit or 12 bit digitalization
depth (in 12 bit mode two bytes are used per
pixel, the maximum line scan frequency is
halved).
Remote gain-/offset control: Many
cameras offer the capability of a software
controlled setting of signal amplification on
the camera side. This is mainly useful for bal-
ancing multiple line-synchronized line scan
cameras (e.g. using a merger box, see page
22). At cameras without remote gain /offset
control the internal camera signal amplifica-
tion can be adjusted by a potentiometer at
the camera housing.
Spectral sensitivity: Especially in case of
laser-based measurement systems, the
spectral sensitivity of the line scan camera
has to be accounted for (see below).
Comprehensive software assistance is avail-
able for the start-up of cameras and the deve-
lopment of user software. The operating soft-
ware SkLineScan allows for a rapid start-up of
the line scan camera systems. The oscillo-
scopic display of line scan signals is an ideal
tool for adjustment of the line scan camera and
for alignment of the optics (see page 6). With
the SkLineScan software all imaging parame-
ters can be set and their effect on the camera
signal can be evaluated immediately. Acquisi-
tion of two-dimensional images is possible in
free-run mode or synchronized externally.
For the development of user software,
Schfter+Kirchhoff offers SDKs with DLLs and
C++ class libraries for LVDS, GigE Vision and
USB2.0 cameras.
Supported are the Windows

operation
systems XP/2000/NT. For LVDS and USB2.0
systems, Linux

driver and tools are available


(GigE Vision
TM
projected).
In case of LVDS and analog cameras, down-
ward compatibility to older Windows

versions
and to DOS is maintained by software.
For software development with LabView

a
VI-library is available. For developing user soft-
ware for CameraLink

systems the software


development kit (SDK) of the grabber producer
is utilized.
Detailed information for software support is
given on pages 8 as well as on page 13 (GigE
Vision
TM
), page 15 (USB 2.0), page 17 (Camera-
Link), and pages 24 - 25 (LVDS).
Software assistance
Lens selection
Accessories
Selection criteria
CCD Line Scan Cameras: Selection Criteria
Relative spectral sensitivity of different
CCD line scan cameras
Camera series
..JR
increased blue-green
sensitivity.
Camera series
..PD, ..SD, ..TO
typical spectral
sensitivity of silicon
CCD
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400 600
Wavelength (nm)
800 1000
1
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Depending on the active sensor length and on
the magnification used, different types of lenses
are used:
The table on page 10 and 11 gives a general
idea of appropriate lenses. More details, tech-
nical data and formulas for lens selection are
given on pages 37 to 40.
Besides lenses, focus adapters and extension
rings are offered.
If desired, we assist prospective customers in
their selection of optics. In most cases, few
parameters of the measuring task are sufficient
for recommending the most suitable optical
system.
The range of line scan cameras made by
Schfter+ Kirchhoff is completed by com-
prehensive industry-suitable mounting ac-
cessories, e.g. filters and illumination optics as
well as cables and power supplies.
Pixels which are saturated caused by over-
exposure, i.e. cannot accumulate more
charges, partly transfer their charges to neigh-
boring pixels. This effect is called blooming.
Blooming leads to corruption of the
geometrical mapping between signal and
image on the line sensor.
CCD line scan cameras with anti-blooming
sensor drain the charge surplus in case of over-
exposure via a drain gate. Neighboring, less
exposed pixels are not filled any more.
Depending on pixel frequency and spectral
range, overexposures up to a factor of 30 can
be drained.
Blooming - Anti-Blooming
Start of Blooming
1
2
3
4
5
black pixels corrupted by blooming
Oscilloscopic display of the CCD line scan
signal (e.g. bar code at incident light),
SK 2048 DJRI, no anti-blooming sensor
CCD line scan signal with center-
enhanced illumination and steep signal
edge.
Zoom detail with center range of the
CCD line scan signal
Extension of integration time by factor
3.81. The edge positions are slightly
shifted to the right. The sensor starts
with blooming.
Over-exposure caused by too large an
integration time leads to severe signal
and data corruption with line scan ca-
meras w/o anti-blooming.
Extreme over-exposure floods the dark
pixels of the sensor. The cameras offset
control is disturbed. The line scan ca-
mera yields a lowered signal.
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Wavelength (nm)
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Wavelength (nm)
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Wavelength (nm)
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6
2008 E
Start-up of CCD Line Scan Camera Systems
System adjustment with oscilloscopic display
Aperture setting and integration time
The sensor of a CCD line scan camera is one-
dimensional. The image of a CCD line scan
camera is made up of a single line and rep-
resents the brightness profile of an object
line imaged to the sensor line. The oscillo-
scopic display plots the digitized brightness
profile versus the sensor length in a x/y-plot
with high refresh rate. The y-axis represents
the signal intensity and the x-axis the sen-
sor pixels. The scaling of the y-axis depends
on the resolution of the A/D converter at 8
bit the scale covers 0 to 255, at 12 bit the
scale covers 0 to 4095. The scaling of the x-
axis corresponds to the pixel number in the
line sensor.
The oscilloscopic diagram of the line scan
camera is an ideal tool for tasks such as the
adjustment of the lens aperture and integra-
tion time, for focusing the image, evaluation
of the object illumination, and aligning the
line scan camera. Due to a high refresh rate
changes in the optical system and of the
camera settings are visible immediately.
In case of sensor lengths with up to 12000
pixels, details in the signal plot are only visi-
ble with a powerful zoom function. Magnifi-
cation of one or several signal sections
allows for a pixel-specific evaluation of the
line scan signal (see figure at the right).
The oscilloscopic display as well as the easy
to handle zoom function are integrated in the
line scan camera operating software SkLine-
Scan made by Schfter+Kirchhoff. Dialog
boxes for camera parameter settings allow
for an interactive adjustment of the CCD line
scan camera.
SkLineScan is part of the software package
available as versions for GigE Vision
TM
,
LVDS, USB 2.0, and CameraLink line scan
cameras (see pages 8).
The strength of the line scan signal is ad-
justed ideally, when in the brightest region of
the object the corresponding signal equals
approx. 95 % of the maximum signal. In this
case, all available gray values (255 at 8 bit
digitizing, 4096 at 12 bit digitizing) are used
to full capacity and overexposure is avoided
as well.
The intensity distribution of the line scan
signal is affected by the illumination inten-
sity, by the aperture setting, and the camera
integration time. Beside the intensity, the
aperture setting influences the depth of field
and the quality of the image.
In case of a large F-number (small aperture),
the intensity is small and the depth of field
large. In case of small F-number (large aper-
ture) the intensity is large and the depth of
field is small, see page 39, formula F8 and
F9.
In most cases best imaging quality is
reached by closing the lens aperture by one
or two steps, see page 39, F11.
Integration time and signal intensity:
Insufficient gain of the camera signal. The set integration time is too short.
Only about 130 of the 255 gray values available are used.
Good gain of the camera signal by increasing the integration time .
The maximum signal peak uses about 95% of the gray values available.
G F
E D
F
D
G
E
A
B
Grid finger
Crystal structure
Oscilloscopic signal plot: The line scan camera images the intensity distribution of an object line x .
The oscilloscopic diagram plots the digitalized brightness information in a x/y-plot.
x
C
Test object: Solar cell with conductor paths (so called grid fingers). A lens images the brightn-
ess distribution along the marked line to the line scan sensor.
Magnification (zoom) of the yellow marked section, the individual pixels can be distinguished.
Gray scale diagram of a solar cell area scan. Signal of the line scan camera in oscilloscopic
display (line scan camera SK7500DTO with 7500 pixels). The bright grid fingers show up as
peaks, the high-frequency crystal structure is visible below.
C
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7
2008 E
Shading correction and white balance
Sensor Alignment
Lens focusing with the oscilloscopic signal plot
All lenses show vignetting, which depends on
the angle of field (see page 39, F10). Hence,
even with homogeneous object illumination the
imaged intensity decreases with increasing im-
age height.
Shading correction (or flat field compensation)
is used to compensate for lens vignetting as
well as for inhomogeneity of the illumination.
For this purpose the object is temporarily
covered by a homogeneous white calibration
target. At initialization the shading correction
determines a gain for each individual pixel,
scaling each value to a normalized maximum
signal. Accordingly, the oscilloscopic display
shows a homogeneous intensity distribution
along the entire line sensor.
In case of color line scan cameras, the shading
correction is used additionally for white
balancing. The different sensitivities of the
sensors individual color channels are
compensated for as well as inhomogeneous
colors of the illumination.
In the SkLineScan software, functions for
shading correction and white balance are avai-
lable for the user.
For software engineers, library functions for
shading correction and for white balance are
available in the SDKs for all interface systems.
To focus a line scan camera system, in principle
the oscilloscopic display is used, even in case
of two-dimensional measurement tasks. To
evaluate the focus, the edge steepness at dark-
bright transitions and the modulation of the line
scan signal are used (see figure on the right).
Focusing is performed with completely opened
aperture, in this case the depth of field is small
and the sensitivity of focus with change of focus
setting large. If necessary, the signal amplitude
has to be trimmed, e.g. by shortening the inte-
gration time.
Figure at the right: Evaluation of the focus
setting by the line scan signal
Line scan camera signal at ideal focus set-
ting: Dark-bright transitions with steep ed-
ges, great modulation of the signal peaks and
of the high-frequent grey value variations
Cutout magnification (zoom) of .
Line scan camera signal with defocussing:
Low edge steepness, signal peaks are blur-
red, high-frequency gray values have low
modulation only.
Cutout magnification (zoom) of
.
Area scan with the focus setting of and
of
.
Area scan with the focus setting of
and
.
D
C F
B
A E
C D
C
A B
A
Shading correction and white balance
Signal of a black&white CCD line scan camera with
a homogeneous white calibration target. Signal
trimming caused by lens vignetting and by in-
homogeneous object illumination.
Camera signal (b/w line scan camera) with shading
correction
Signal of a CCD color line scan camera with a
homogeneous white calibration target. Distinct
camera signal for red, green and blue range,
additionally signal trimming.
Color line scan camera with shading correction.
Dialog for shading correction in SkLineScan soft-
E
D
C
B
A
In case of line-shaped illumination, rotating the
line sensor results in asymmetric vignetting.
While monitoring the object illumination with
the oscilloscopic display, camera and illumina-
tion optics are aligned to each other properly.
Sensor and illumination optics:
rotated to each other aligned properly B A
Start-Up of CCD Line Scan Camera Systems
A C
A B
B D
A B
E F
ware. With the use of a white calibration target, white
balance is performed automatically or manually.
C D
E
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8
2008 E
All software products by Schfter+Kirchhoff include the software
SkLineScan, with control and display functions particularly designed for
line scan cameras. A substantial characteristic is the oscilloscopic dis-
play of the line scan camera signal. With high repetition rate, the
intensity is displayed against the pixels in an x-y-plot. Changes of the
optical system (focus, aperture stop) as well as the camera parameters
(average time) become immediately visible. The program is an impor-
tant tool for start-up and adjustment of the line scan camera system.
The graphical user interface of the program is identical with all interface
systems. For CameraLink line scan cameras the SkLineScan program
is available for selected grabbers *).
A
Windows XP/2000
Windows/LabVIEW
Windows XP/2000
Windows/LabVIEW
Linux 2.4 / 2.6
Smart line scan camera
Windows XP/2000
Windows XP/2000
Windows/LabVIEW
Linux 2.4 / 2.6
Order code Interface Operating system
SK91GigE-WIN
SK91GigE-LV
SK91USB-WIN
SK91USB-LV
SK91USB-LX
SK91UIC-WIN
SK91CL-WIN
SK91PCI-WIN
SK91PCI-LV
SK91PCI-LX
Software for CCD Line Scan Camera Systems
LabVIEW VI library
and applications,
NI Vision support
Software products
SK91GigE-WIN
SkLineScan program
Interface
GigE Gigabit Ethernet
USB USB 2.0
CL CameraLink
PCI LVDS / PCI-Grabber
UIC Smart-Zeilenkamera
Operating system
WIN Windows XP/2000
LV Windows/LabVIEW
LX Linux 2.4 / 2.6
New line scan. Open signal windows are closed.
Stores line signal or 2Dscan 0(bitmap, ASCII)
Open/ closes parameter dialog.
Zoom IN. Valid for line and surface scan.
Zoom OUT. Valid for line and surface scan.
New line scan, e.g. for zoom reference.
Binary signal with thresholding.
Dialog for shading correction (white balance).
Dialog for Window function.
Dialog for Gain/Offset control.
2D surface scan start, number of lines programmable.
Repeating scan.
Stop scan.
Intensity increase of the image data in the surface scan (x 2).
Intensity decrease of the image data in the surface scan (/2).
1: 5.51 mm 2: 5.50 mm
3: 5.49 mm 4: 5.52 mm
d12: 34.64 mm
d41: 45.31 mm
d23: 44.98 mm d34: 34.12 mm
SkLineScan operating program
SDK for line scan cameras (GigE, USB, LVDS)
Sample programs in C/C++
Configuration tool for CameraLink cameras (page17)
Operating systems Windows XP/2000, Linux
Software development kit (SDK)
For programming the line scan cameras
and developing user applications,
Schfter+Kirchhoff supplies
an SDK for line scan cameras
with GigE, USB 2.0, and
LVDS interface. For line
scan cameras with Cam-
eraLink interfaces, the
SDK of the grabber manu-
facturer*) has to be used.
The SDK contains the class
library Csk for C++ as well as
API DLLs. The function names are
to a large extent alike between the dif-
ferent interface systems, so that porting between the systems is easily
possible. The provided sample programs in C/C++ can be used as tem-
plates for the development of own applications. Source comments and
a manual facilitate the programming of the cameras.
Functions in the SkLineScan program
VI library for LabVIEW, NI Vision integration
An extensive VI library supports the control of line cameras with GigE,
USB 2.0 and LVDS interface under LabVIEW. With a few clicks a line
scan camera application can be built. For use of the VI library, the
respective driver is required.
For signal and image processing, the VIs and/or routines of the NI Vision
software can be integrated in line scan camera applications.
1
LabVIEW application with SK VIs Image processing and quality
Signal display in LabVIEW control in SkLineScan 2
3 1
*) Reference grabbers: NI PCI-1428, CORECO X64-CL iPro, microEnable III
LVDS
USB2.0
2
3
A
S
0
9
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Kieler Strae 212, D-22525 Hamburg Phone (+49) 40 85 39 97-0 Fax (+49) 40 85 39 97-79 eMail: info@SuKHamburg.de Web: www.SuKHamburg.de
9
2008 E
5
1
Merger-
Box
2
PC or Notebook
with USB 2.0
M
e
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g
e
r

B
o
x

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K
9
1
9
5
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e

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a
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9
1
9
2
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9
3
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f
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r

1
)
60 X X X yes 10 m
Camera
interface
Pixel
fre-
quency,
max.
(MHz)
External
synchronization
Data
trans-
fer
length
IO-
Box
PC-
inter-
face/
acces-
sories
Software
SDK and
tools
E
x
t
e
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n
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l

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s
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V
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w
L
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x
Sync
type
TTL
input
L
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e

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S
y
n
c
C
a
m
e
r
a
P
C

i
n
t
e
r
f
a
c
e
LVDS
High speed data
transfer by low
voltage difference
signaling
60 X X X no 20 m
S
K
9
1
P
C
I
-
W
I
N
S
K
9
1
L
V
-
W
I
N
S
K
9
1
P
C
I
-
L
X
USB 2.0
Bus system
for connection of
camera and PC
20 X X no 2 m
d
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n
d
i
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w
i
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S
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9
1
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S
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W
I
N
S
K
9
1
U
S
B
-
L
X
CameraLink
Standardized cable
and grabber
specification for
transfer of video
and control data
d
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t

o
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n
d
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c
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(
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1
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-
W
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N
60 X X
P
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e
o
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a

P
T
1
0
0
0
-
L
V
X yes 100 m
LVDS
GigE
Upgrade of existing
line scan camera
systems with LVDS
interface to GigE
d
i
r
e
c
t

o
r

i
n
d
i
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t
(
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t
w
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k
)
S
K
9
1
G
i
g
E
-
W
I
N
60 X X X yes 100 m
Upgrade of existing
line scan camera
systems with
CameraLink
interface to GigE
Input: up to
5x LVDS
Output: 1 x LVDS
Synchronous ope-
ration of up to 5 line
scan cameras with
a single PC
interface board
X 60 X X no 50 m
L
i
n
e

s
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n

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b
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r
S
K
9
1
9
2
D
,

S
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9
1
9
3
D
S
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9
1
P
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S
K
9
1
L
V
-
W
I
N
S
K
9
1
P
C
I
-
L
X
CCD line scan camera
power supply
Illumination
Line scan / Frame grabber 4
3
2
1 Merger Box SK9195
GigE Switch
Pleora Box PT1000-CL
Pleora Box PT1000-LV 8
7
6
5
4
Interface
PCI bus
PC
with PCI slot
PC or Notebook
with GigE
PC or Notebook
with GigE
4
Interface
PCI bus
PC
with PCI slot
4
PC or Notebook
with GigE
Interface
PCI bus
PC
with PCI slot
Interface Scheme
Digital
CCD Line Scan Cameras
by Schfter+Kirchhoff
USB 2.0
LVDS
TM
CameraLink
GigE
P
l
e
o
r
a

P
T
1
0
0
0
-
C
L
LVDS
Merger Box
Application:
Parallel acquisition
d
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G
i
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-
W
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60
GigE
Gigabit-Ethernet
interface for trans-
mission of video
and control data
over long distances
X X X yes 100 m
40
100 m yes X X X
1)
Recommended grabbers for line scan cameras with CameraLink interface:
National Instruments PCI-1428, CORECO X64-CL iPro, SiliconSoftware Enable III
2)
For all interfaces exist electronic amplifier (hub, switch, fiber repeater, converter) which
allow data transfer length up to 1000 m.
1
3
1
3
3
3
2
3
3
2
1
2
7
2 1
2
8
2 1
5
1
2
1
LVDS
LVDS

LVDS
Merger
Box
USB 2.0
S
1
0
-
1
1
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Kieler Strae 212, D-22525 Hamburg Phone (+49) 40 85 39 97-0 Fax (+49) 40 85 39 97-79 eMail: info@SuKHamburg.de Web: www.SuKHamburg.de
10
2008 E
CCD Line Scan
Camera Interface Pixels
Max.
pixel
frequency
Max.
line
frequency
Min.
Exposure
time
Video
signal
Pixel
size
Pixel
pitch
Active
length
Anti-
Bloom
Integr.
Ctrl.
Gain/
Offset
Remote
1)
Dynamic
range
(RMS)
Line
1
Order code
SK512GSD
1 2
512
3
30 MHz
4
53.50 kHz
5
0.010 ms
7
8/12 Bit
6
14x14m
8
14 m
9
7.17 mm
10
1
11
1
12
1
13
1:2500
2
3
4
5
SK512GPD
SK1024GTDI
SK1024GSD
SK1024GPD
512
1024
50 MHz
50 MHz
1024
1024
30 MHz
50 MHz
83.00 kHz
43.40 kHz
0.010 ms
0.023 ms
28.00 kHz
45.00 kHz
0.010 ms
0.010 ms
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
10x10m
13x13m
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
14x14m
10x10m
10 m
13 m
5.12 mm
13.30 mm
14 m
10 m
14.30 mm
10.24 mm
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1:1500
1:2500
1
1
1:2500
1:1500
6
7
8
9
SK2048GSD
SK2048GPD
SK2048GTDI
SK2048GJR
10
11
12
13
SK4096GPD-L
SK4096GTDI-XL
SK5150GJR
SK6288GKOC
2048
2048
30 MHz
50 MHz
2048
2048
60 MHz
10 MHz
4096
4096
50 MHz
60 MHz
5148
6288
40 MHz
60 MHz
14.30 kHz
23.00 kHz
0.010 ms
0.010 ms
27.00 kHz
4.73 kHz
0.036 ms
0.010 ms
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
14x14m
10x10m
8 Bit
8 Bit
13x13m
14x14m
11.90 kHz
14.00 kHz
0.010 ms
0.071 ms
7.56 kHz
9.28 kHz
0.133 ms
0.010 ms
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
10x10m
13x13m
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
7x7m
14x14m
14 m
10 m
28.70 mm
20.50 mm
13 m
14 m
26.60 mm
28.00 mm
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
10 m
13 m
41.00 mm
53.20 mm
7 m
14 m
36.00 mm
29.30 mm
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1:2500
1:1500
1
1
1:2500
1:625
1
1
1:2500
1:2500
1
1
1:500
1:2500
14
15
16
SK7500GTO-XL
SK12000GPT-XA
SK512USD
17
18
19
20
SK1024USD
SK2048UJR
SK2048USD
SK5148UJR
7500
12000
40 MHz
20 MHz
512 15 MHz
1024
2048
15 MHz
10 MHz
2048
5148
15 MHz
10 MHz
21
22
23
24
SK7500UTO-XL
SK8100UJRC
SK10944UJRC
SK16080UJRC-L
25
26
27
SK512CSD
SK512CPD
SK1024CSD
7500
8100
15 MHz
10 MHz
10944
16080
10 MHz
10 MHz
512 30 MHz
512
1024
50 MHz
30 MHz
5.20 kHz
1.63 kHz
0.192 ms
0.010 ms
27.17 kHz 0.002 ms
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
7x7m
6,5x6,5m
8 Bit 14x14m
14.10 kHz
4.73 kHz
0.002 ms
0.003 ms
7.18 kHz
1.90 kHz
0.002 ms
0.530 ms
8 Bit
8 Bit
14x14m
14x14m
8 Bit
8 Bit
14x14m
7x7m
7 m
6,5 m
52.50 mm
78.00 mm
14 m 7.17 mm
0
1
0
1
1 1
14 m
14 m
14.34 mm
28.70 mm
14 m
7 m
28.70 mm
36.00 mm
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
1.95 kHz
1.20 kHz
0.513 ms
0.003 ms
0.89 kHz
0.62 kHz
0.003 ms
0.003 ms
8 Bit
8 Bit
7x7m
8x8m
8 Bit
8 Bit
8x8m
8x8m
53.50 kHz 0.010 ms
83.00 kHz
28.00 kHz
0.010 ms
0.010 ms
8/12 Bit 14x14m
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
10x10m
14x14m
7 m
8 m
52.50 mm
21.60 mm
8 m
8 m
29.20 mm
42.90 mm
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
14 m 7.17 mm
10 m
14 m
5.12 mm
14.30 mm
1 1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1:750
1:2000
1 1:2500
1
1
1:2500
1:500
1
1
1:2500
1:500
1
1
1:750
1:1000
1
1
1:1000
1:1000
1 1:2500
1
1
1:1500
1:2500
28
29
30
31
SK1024CTDI
SK1024CPD
SK2048CSD
SK2048CTDI
32
33
34
35
SK2048CPD
SK2048CJR
SK4096CPD-L
SK4096CTDI-XL
1024
1024
50 MHz
50 MHz
2048
2048
30 MHz
100 MHz
2048
2048
50 MHz
10 MHz
4096
4096
50 MHz
100 MHz
36
37
38
39
SK5150CJR
SK6288CKOC
SK7500CTO-XL
SK12000CPT-XA
40
41
42
SK512ZSD
SK512DPD
SK512ZPD
5148
6288
40 MHz
60 MHz
7500
12000
40 MHz
20 MHz
512 30 MHz
512
512
40 MHz
50 MHz
43.40 kHz
45.00 kHz
0.023 ms
0.010 ms
14.30 kHz
43.40 kHz
0.010 ms
0.023 ms
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
13x13m
10x10m
8/12 Bit
2*8 Bit
14x14m
13x13m
23.00 kHz
4.73 kHz
0.010 ms
0.003 ms
11.90 kHz
22.30 kHz
0.010 ms
0.045 ms
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
10x10m
14x14m
8/12 Bit
2*8 Bit
10x10m
13x13m
13 m
10 m
13.30 mm
10.24 mm
14 m
13 m
28.70 mm
26.60 mm
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
10 m
14 m
20.50 mm
28.70 mm
10 m
13 m
41.00 mm
53.20 mm
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
7.56 kHz
9.28 kHz
0.133 ms
0.010 ms
5.20 kHz
1.63 kHz
0.192 ms
0.010 ms
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
7x7m
14x14m
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
7x7m
6,5x6,5m
52.00 kHz 0.010 ms
69.40 kHz
78.10 kHz
0.010 ms
0.010 ms
8/12 Bit 14x14m
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
10x10m
10x10m
7 m
14 m
36.00 mm
29.30 mm
7 m
6,5 m
52.50 mm
78.00 mm
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
14 m 7.17 mm
10 m
10 m
5.12 mm
5.12 mm
1 1
1
1
1
1
43
44
45
46
SK1024ZTDI
SK1024ZSD
SK1024DPD
SK1024ZPD
47
48
49
SK2048DJRI
SK2048DDW
SK2048ZSD
1024
1024
50 MHz
30 MHz
1024
1024
40 MHz
50 MHz
2048 10 MHz
2048
2048
10 MHz
30 MHz
50
51
52
53
SK2048DPD
SK2048ZPD
SK2048ZTDI
SK4096DPD-L
54
55
56
57
SK4096ZPD-L
SK4096ZTDI-XL
SK5150DJR
SK5150ZJR
2048
2048
40 MHz
50 MHz
2048
4096
60 MHz
40 MHz
4096
4096
50 MHz
60 MHz
5150
5150
40 MHz
40 MHz
43.40 kHz
27.50 kHz
0.023 ms
0.010 ms
36.76 kHz
43.40 kHz
0.010 ms
0.010 ms
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
13x13m
14x14m
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
10x10m
10x10m
4.80 kHz 0.005 ms
4.80 kHz
14.20 kHz
0.010 ms
0.010 ms
8 Bit 14x14m
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
13x500m
14x14m
13 m
14 m
13.30 mm
14.30 mm
10 m
10 m
10.24 mm
10.24 mm
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
14 m 28.70 mm
13 m
14 m
26.60 mm
28.70 mm
0 1
1
1
1
1
18.94 kHz
23.00 kHz
0.010 ms
0.010 ms
26.80 kHz
9.63 kHz
0.037 ms
0.010 ms
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
10x10m
10x10m
8 Bit
8 Bit
13x13m
10x10m
11.90 kHz
14.00 kHz
0.010 ms
0.071 ms
7.53 kHz
7.53 kHz
0.133 ms
0.133 ms
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
10x10m
13x13m
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
7x7m
7x7m
10 m
10 m
20.50 mm
20.50 mm
13 m
10 m
26.60 mm
41.00 mm
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
10 m
13 m
41.00 mm
53.20 mm
7 m
7 m
36.00 mm
36.00 mm
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1:2500
1:1500
1
1
1:2500
1:2500
1
1
1:1500
1:625
1
1
1:2500
1:2500
1
1
1:500
1:2500
1
1
1:750
1:2000
1 1:5000
0
1
1:2500
1:2500
1
1
1:5000
1:5000
0
1
1:2500
1:2500
0 1:500
0
1
1:2000
1:5000
0
1
1:2500
1:2500
1
0
1:5000
1:2500
1
1
1:2500
1:5000
0
1
1:500
1:500
58
59
60
61
SK12000ZPT-XA
SK7500DTO-XL
SK10680DJR-L
SK3750DJRC
62
63
64
65
SK4096DJRC
SK6288ZKOC
SK8100DJRC
SK10944DJRC
12000
7500
20 MHz
40 MHz
10680
3756
5 MHz
20 MHz
4096
6288
15 MHz
60 MHz
8100
10944
20 MHz
20 MHz
66
67
68
SK16080DJRC-L
SK32040DJRC-L
SK512SD
69
70
71
72
SK1024SD
SK2048JRI
SK2048SD
SK3072JRC

16080
32040
20 MHz
15 MHz
512 10 MHz
1024
2048
10 MHz
5 MHz
2048
3072
10 MHz
6 MHz
1.63 kHz
5.20 kHz
0.010 ms
0.192 ms
0.46 kHz
4.80 kHz
2.150 ms
0.010 ms
8 Bit
8 Bit
6,5x6,5m
7x7m
8 Bit
8 Bit
4x4m
8x8m
3.50 kHz
9.28 kHz
0.290 ms
0.010 ms
2.47 kHz
1.79 kHz
0.010 ms
0.010 ms
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
12x14m
14x14m
8 Bit
8 Bit
8x8m
8x8m
6,5 m
7 m
78.00 mm
52.50 mm
4 m
8 m
42.72 mm
10.00 mm
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
14 m
14 m
28.70 mm
29.30 mm
8 m
8 m
21.60 mm
29.20 mm
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1.22 kHz
0.47 kHz
0.010 ms
2.150 ms
18.45 kHz 0.010 ms
8 Bit
8 Bit
8x8m
4x4m
1/1-10 V 14x14m
9.48 kHz
2.37 kHz
0.010 ms
0.005 ms
4.80 kHz
1.85 kHz
0.010 ms
0.550 ms
1/1-10 V
1/1-10 V
14x14m
14x14m
1/1-10 V
1/1-4 V
14x14m
12x14m
8 m
4 m
42.90 mm
42.72 mm
14 m 7.17 mm
0
0
1
0
1 1
14 m
14 m
14.30 mm
28.70 mm
14 m
14 m
28.70 mm
28.70 mm
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1:2000
1:750
0
0
1:1000
1:1000
0
1
1:1000
1:2500
0
0
1:1000
1:1000
0
0
1:1000
1:1000
0 1:1500
0
0
1:1500
1:500
0
0
1:1500
1:500
CCD Line Scan Cameras: types and technical data
4)
NEW
NEW
USB2.0
NEW
NEW
NEW
LVDS
LVDS
Analog
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
NEW
S
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-
1
1
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11
2008 E
CameraLink
or LVDS
Line Scan Camera
Sensor length
max. 60mm
*
Power
supply
Cable set
Order code
Lens
thread
2)
Lens
types
3)
Case
type
4)
Recommend.
camera
interface
Line
1
14
+5V, +15V
15
CAT6
16
C-Mount
17
O1 O4 O5
18
BG1
19
2
3
4
5
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
CAT6
CAT6
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
CAT6
CAT6
C-Mount
M40x0.75
O1
C-Mount
C-Mount
O1
O1
O2
O4
O4
O4
O4
O5
O5
BG1
BG2
O5
O5
BG1
BG1
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
CAT6
CAT6
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
CAT6
CAT6
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
CAT6
CAT6
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
CAT6
CAT6
M45x0.75
M72x0.75
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
O2
O2
O4
O4
O2
O2
O4
O4
O5
O5
BG2
BG2
O5
O5
BG2
BG2
O4
O4
O2
O2
O4
O4
O5
O5
BG3
CG5
O5
O5
BG2
BG2
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
CAT6
CAT6
USB (300 mA) USB
M72x0.75
-----
C-Mount O1
USB (300 mA)
USB (300 mA)
USB
USB
USB (300 mA)
USB (300 mA)
USB
USB
C-Mount
M40x0.75
O1
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
USB (400 mA)
USB (300 mA)
USB
USB
USB (300 mA)
USB (300 mA)
USB
USB
M72x0.75
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
M45x0.75
+5V, +15V SK9018
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
SK9018
SK9018
C-Mount O1
C-Mount
C-Mount
O1
O1
O4
O4
O4
O5
O5
CG5
DG6
O5 AU1
O2
O4
O4
O2
O2
O4
O4
O5
O5
AU1
AU2
O5
O5
AU2
AU2
O2
O4
O4
O2 O4
O4
O5
O5
CU5
AU2
O5
O5
AU2
AU3
O4
O4
O4
O5 AC1
O5
O5
AC1
AC1
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
SK9018
SK9018
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
SK9018
SK9018
M40x0.75
C-Mount O1
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
SK9018
SK9018
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
SK9018
SK9018
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
M45x0.75
M72x0.75
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
SK9018
SK9018
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
SK9018
SK9018
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
M72x0.75
-----
+5V, +15V, -15V SK9019
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
SK9019
SK9019
C-Mount O1
C-Mount
C-Mount
O1
O1
O2 O4
O4
O2
O2
O4
O4
O5
O5
AC2
AC1
O5
O5
AC2
AC2
O2
O2
O4
O4
O4
O4
O5
O5
AC2
AC2
O5
O5
AC3
CC5
O2
O2
O4
O4
O4
O4
O5
O5
AC2
AC2
O5
O5
CC5
DC6
O4
O4
O4
O5 AL1
O5
O5
AL1
AL1
SK9192D
SK9192D
SK9193D
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +12V, -12V
SK9019
SK9019
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
SK9019
SK9019
M40x0.75
C-Mount O1
C-Mount
C-Mount
O1
O1
+5V, +12V, -12V SK9019
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
SK9019
SK9019
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
SK9019
SK9019
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
SK9019
SK9019
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
M45x0.75
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V,-15V
SK9019
SK9019
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
SK9019
SK9019
M45x0.75
M72x0.75
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
O2 O4
O4
O4
O4
O5
O5
AL2
AL1
O5
O5
AL1
AL1
O2 O4
O2
O2
O4
O4
O5 AL2
O5
O5
AL2
AL2
SK9193D
SK9192D
SK9192D
SK9193D
SK9190D
SK9190D
SK9192D
O2
O2
O4
O4
O2 O4
O4
O5
O5
AL2
AL2
O5
O5
AL2
AL3
O4
O4
O2
O2
O4
O4
O5
O5
AL3
CL5
O5
O5
AL2
AL2
SK9192D
SK9193D
SK9193D
SK9192D
SK9193D
SK9193D
SK9192D
SK9192D
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
SK9019
SK9019
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
SK9019
SK9019
-----
M72x0.75
M45x0.75
M40x0.75
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V
SK9019
SK9019
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
SK9019
SK9019
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
SK9019
SK9019
+5V, +12V, -12V SK9017
M45x0.75
M45x0.75
C-Mount O1
+5V, +12V, -12V
+5V, +12V, -12V
SK9017
SK9017
+5V, +12V, -12V
+5V, +12V, -12V
SK9017
SK9017
C-Mount
M40x0.75
O1
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
O4
O4
O2
O4
O4
O5
O5
DL6
CL5
O5
O5
AL3
AL2
O2
O2
O4
O4
O2
O2
O4
O4
O5
O5
AL2
AL2
O5
O5
AL2
AL2
SK9192D
SK9192D
SK9192D
SK9192D
SK9190D
SK9193D
SK9192D
SK9192D
O4
O4
O4
O5
O5
AL3
AL3
O5 RA1
O2
O4
O4
O2
O2
O4
O4
O5
O5
RA1
RA2
O5
O5
RA2
RA2
SK9192D
SK9192D
SK9190
SK9190
SK9190
SK9190
SK9190
Digital color line scan cameras, triple-line sensors with separate
sensor lines for red, green and blue each (see page 30).
Exceptions: SK4096DJRC, digital CCD color line scan camera
with dual-line sensor (2048 pixels for green and 1024 pixels for
red and blue each, see page 30) . SK3072JRC, analog CCD
color line scan camera, triple-line sensors (page 30).
1) adjustable via PC.
2) lens thread: C-Mount: 1-32 TPIM
M 40 x 0.75 = Schfter+Kirchhoff lens thread
M 45 x 0.75 = Schfter+Kirchhoff lens thread
M 72 x 0.75 = Schfter+Kirchhoff lens thread
3) Video, photo, scan and macro lenses respectively
are suitable for a limited sensor length and a limited magnifica-
tion range only. The lenses have different lens mounts.
Lens adapters see pages 36, 37 and 38.
Lens selection criteria see pages 36 and 37.
Some fundamental equations for optical and geometrical
parameters see page 39.
4) CCD line scan camera dimensional drawings, pages 46 and 47.
Time Delayed Integration (TDI). For moving objects under test,
a 96 times higher sensitivity compared to conventional line scan
cameras, see page 28.
O5 O4 O2 O1
GigE Line Scan Camera
Sensor length max. 41mm
GigE Line Scan Camera
Sensor length max. 60mm
*
USB 2.0
Line Scan Camera
Sensor length max. 41mm
USB 2.0
Line Scan Camera
Sensor length max. 41mm
CameraLink
or LVDS
Line Scan Camera
Sensor length
max. 41mm
USB2.0
LVDS
monochrome
Color
monochrome
Color
monochrome
Color
monochrome
monochrome
Color
monochrome
Color
*
Line scan Cameras SK12000GPT-XX, SK12000CPT-XX and SK12000ZPT-XX
with sensor length 78mm: see P. 44, Dimensions see P. 47
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12
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No.
CCD Line Scan
Camera
Order code
Interface
1
Pixels
2
Max.
pixel
frequency
3
1
2
3
4
SK512GSD
SK512GPD
SK1024GSD
SK1024GPD
5
6
7
8
SK2048GSD
SK2048GPD
SK2048GJR
SK4096GPD-L
512
512
30 MHz
50 MHz
1024
1024
30 MHz
50 MHz
2048
2048
30 MHz
50 MHz
2048
4096
10 MHz
50 MHz
Max.
line
frequency
4
Video
signal
5
Pixel
size
6
Active
length
7
Anti-
Bloom
8
Integr.
Ctrl.
9
Dynamic
range
(RMS)
10
Power
supply
11
53.50 kHz
83.00 kHz
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
28.00 kHz
45.00 kHz
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
14x14m
10x10m
7.17 mm
5.12 mm
14x14m
10x10m
14.30 mm
10.24 mm
14.30 kHz
23.00 kHz
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
4.73 kHz
11.90 kHz
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
14x14m
10x10m
28.70 mm
20.50 mm
14x14m
10x10m
28.00 mm
41.00 mm
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1:2500
1:1500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1:2500
1:1500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1:2500
1:1500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1:625
1:2500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
Case
type
12
Lens
thread
13
BG1
BG1
C-Mount
C-Mount
BG1
BG1
C-Mount
C-Mount
BG2
BG2
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
BG2
BG3
M40x0.75
M45x0.75
9
10
11
12
SK4096GPD-XL
SK5150GJR
SK7500GTO-XL
SK12000GPT-XA
13
14
15
SK1024GTDI
SK2048GTDI
SK4096GTDI-XL
4096
5148
50 MHz
40 MHz
7500
12000
40 MHz
20 MHz
1024 x 96 50 MHz
2048 x 96
4096 x 96
60 MHz
60 MHz
16
17
SK6288GKOC
SK6288GKOC-XL
3 x 2096 60 MHz
3 x 2096 60 MHz
11.90 kHz
7.56 kHz
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
5.20 kHz
1.63 kHz
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
10x10m
7x7m
41.00 mm
36.00 mm
7x7m
6,5x6,5m
52.50 mm
78.00 mm
43.40 kHz 8/12 Bit
27.00 kHz
14.00 kHz
8 Bit
8 Bit
13x13m 13.30 mm
13x13m
13x13m
26.60 mm
53.20 mm
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1:2500
1:500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1:750
1:2000
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1 0
1
1
0
0
1:2500 +5V, +15V
1:2500
1:2500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
9.28 kHz 8/12 Bit
9.28 kHz 8/12 Bit
14x14m 29.30 mm
14x14m 29.30 mm
0 1
0 1
1:2500 +5V, +15V
1:2500 +5V, +15V
CG5
BG2
M72x0.75
M40x0.75
CG5
DG6
M72x0.75
-----
BG2 M40x0.75
BG2
CG5
M40x0.75
M72x0.75
BG2 M40x0.75
CG5 M72x0.75
CCD-Line Scan Camera with Vision Interface
The standard GigE Vision uses the large bandwidth of the Gigabit Ethernet of 1000 Mbit/s for
a fast and secure transfer of video and control data between camera and PC. Transfer distances
up to 100 m are possible. Data acquisition is performed in the PC or in a laptop. An additional
frame grabber is not required. All GigE Vision line scan cameras made by Schfter+Kirchhoff
can be synchronized externally.
In multi-cast mode, networking of several cameras and distribution of image data to several net-
worked computers offers a large variety of new possibilities for industrial imaging processing.
The capability of Gigabit Ethernet and the use of low-priced and commonly used network com-
ponents make the GigE Vision standard very interesting for the industrial image acquisition
and automation.
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
S/W
S/W
S/W
S/W
S/W
SK512GSD
SK4096GPD-XL
monochrome
SK4096GSD
SK7500GTO-XL
SK12000GPT
monochrome
SK6288GKOC
SK1024GTI
SK2048GTL
SK6288GKOC
SK4096GTI
SK1024GSD
with CCTV lens
Camera mount SK5105
SK4096GPD-L
with focus adapter FA16-45,
scan lens
Apo-Rodagon N 4,0/80
SK6288GKOC
with Photo lens SK1,4/50-40
(with locking device for
focus and aperture stop)
Color
Color
Digital monochrome line scan cameras with 512 to 12000 pixels per line and
with 8 bit or 12 bit resolution. Data transmission is realized with a maximum
data rate of 60 MHz. The cameras are primarily equipped with anti-blooming and integration
control function.
Digital b/w line scan cameras with TDI sensors. The sensors are working at 4096
pixels per line, and 96 stages. The resolution of the video signal amounts to 8
bit, the maximum data rate reaches 60 MHz. The cameras are characterized
by their anti-blooming feature and a very high dynamic range. Due to their
working principle, the TDI cameras have a sensitivity nearly 100 times higher
compared to conventional line scan cameras.
mono-
chrome
Digital color line scan cameras with 3 x 2096 pixels per line (RGB)
and with 8 bit or 12 bit resolution. Data transmission is performed
at a max. data rate of 60 MHz. The camera is equipped with integration control.
Color
Accessories: Page
Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Lens adapters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Focus adapters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Camera mounts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Connection cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
A
SK7500GTO-XL
with focus adapter FA26-S45
and macro lens for 1:1
Apo-Rodagon D1x 4,0/75
B
C
D
A
B
C
D
Dimensions GigE CCD Line Scan Camera, case group: CG5
Lens thread M72x0.75
GigE CCD Line Scan Camera, case group: BG1
BG2
BG3
D1
L2
L3 - Camera flange focal length
L1
D2
CCD Line Sensor
Depth 6.5 mm
Pixel
No. 1
M3 (4x)
5
27 DB (8x)/5x7
7
49
65
6
17.5
5
8
6
5

6
5
4
1
.
7
75/M4
60/6.5
84
75/M4
3
4
/
M
4
/
4
x
9
0

5
0
/
M
3
/
4
x
9
0

6
8
x
4
6
4
6
x
6
8
M
7
2
x
0
.
7
5
12
8
L
e
n
s
m
o
u
n
t
M
7
2
x
0
.7
5
*
Camera flange focal length: 8mm
*
2.5
Case
BG1
D1 (Lens mount)
C-Mount
L1 (mm)
71,10
BG2
BG3
M40 x 0,75
M45 x 0,75
72,70
79,70
L2 (mm)
11,10
D2 (mm)
42,00
L3 (mm)
17,54
12,70
19,70
42,00
47,50
19,50
26,80
SK12000GPT-XA (#12)
Full description and di-
mensions of case group
DG6: see page 44
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13
2008 E
The software package
SK91GigE-WIN for Win-
dows XP/2000 includes
the SkLineScan soft-
ware for a rapid startup of
the GigE Vision camera,
the configuration tool
SKGigEConfig, as well as
a software development
kit (SDK) with DLLs and
class libraries for deve-
lopment of application
software.
The SkLineScan soft-
ware automatically recog-
nizes the connected line scan cameras. The oscilloscopic display of the line scan signal with
zoom function is an important tool for aligning the optical system. Non-modal dialogs for the
control of integration time, gain and offset settings allow the online configuration of the camera.
The SDK with DLLs and a class library for C++ offers easy to handle methods for the develop-
ment of user software. Example codes and documented source codes of the operating programs
help getting started with programming.
1
With the configuration
program SkGigEconfig
the GigE line scan camera
parameters e.g. gain, off-
set, and pixel frequency
are adjusted by camera
commands. Furthermore
current parameters as
well as specific product
information can be read
out from the camera.
The parameter settings
are stored on the camera
board and remain valid for the next operation even after shut down.
Configuration program SkGigEconfig
FrameStart
ExtSync
Video
VideoValid
Data trans-
mission
Timing: FRAME SYNC + ext. Sync. Mode 1
Initialize the camera
Allocate memory in the user area
Release memory
Set pointer to user buffer
struct sk_interface
*
)
The class library contains more than 60 methods for controling the
GigE Vision line scan camera. This sample is to give a review.
Csk Base class
SDK for GigE line scan cameras
Communication structure for the driver
::Camera
::AllocBuffer
::FreeBuffer
::SetUserBufferPtr
::SetIntegrationTime
::SetLineFrequency
::SetSyncMode
::SetGain
::SetOffset
Set integration time (ms)
Set line frequency (kHz)
Set synchronization mode
Set camera gain
Set camera offset
Name of current camera
Number of current camera pixels
Current line frequency in kHz
Pointer to data set in user memory
::GetCamType
::GetPixWidth
::GetLineFrequency
::GetUserBufferPtr
::LineScanView
::AreaScanView
CskInit : Csk Initializing class
CskCtrl : Csk Control class
::SingleLineScan
::AreaScan
::ContinuousGrab
::GetImage
::StopContinuousGrab
Get a single line scan
Acquire a 2D scan
Start continious grab
Get a single image out of cont. grab
Stop continious grab
CskRecord : Csk Acquisition class
CskView : Csk View class
Display a line scan signal
Display an area scan
CskInfo : Csk Information class
LINE-SYNC Modi
intern Mod. 0: FreeRun. The camera board
internally controls the trigger point and the
exposure time of the line scan. After com-
pletion of the line scan the next scan is
started automatically.
extern Mod. 1: The line scan exposed at the
time of the external trigger is read out. Start
and time of exposure are controlled inter-
nally by the camera. The exposure time is
programmed before. The trigger clock does
not affect the exposure time.
extern Mod. 4: A new exposure ist started
exactly at the time of triggering. The expo-
sure time programmed is not affected by the
trigger clock.
Sync divider: Divides the external trigger
frequency by a programmed integer. Only
every n-th line is recorded.
FRAME-SYNC Mode
In addition, the GigE line scan cameras have
an external frame synchronization (FRAME-
SYNC) for synchronized acquisition of 2D
scans. The individual line scans are
synchronized internally or externally.
The camera suppresses the data transfer
until a falling edge of a TTL signal occurs at
FrameStart input. (controlled, e.g. by a light
barrier).
Not until then is the VideoValid set to ac-
tive and the entire image data transferred via
GigE to the PC memory.
Software package SK91GigE-WIN
Synchronization
CAT6 cable for CCD line
scan cameras with GigE
Vision
TM
interface
Shielded CAT6 patch
cable, halogen-free, both
sides with RJ45 connectors for Gigabit
Ethernet
CAT6.3 Order Code
3 = 3 m cable length
(standard length)
5 = 5 m
x = length
customized
maximum length=100 m
Power supply cable
SK9015... for CCD
line scan cameras
with GigE Vision
TM
interface
Shielded cable with connector
Lumberg SV60 (male, 6-pol.) and
Hirose HR10A (female, 6-pol.)
SK9015.5-MF Order Code
MF = connector
(male /female)
3 = 3 m cable length
5 = 5 m (standard)
x = length
customized
External synchro-
nization cable for
CCD line scan
cameras with GigE
Vision
TM
interface
BNC coaxial cable with Hirose
connector HR10A (female, 12 pol.)
SK9024.3 Order Code
3 = 3 m cable length
5 = 5 m (standard)
x = length
customized
Data / control cable Cable for external synchronization
External power supply
Cable for power supply Power supply
Class library for C++ *
)
Operation Description
Gnnnn<CR> Set Gain Chan1 (Red) 0-24 dB
Bnnnn<CR> Set Gain Chan2 (Green) 0-24 dB
Hnnnn<CR> Set Gain Chan3 (Blue) 0-24 dB
Ommm<CR> Set Offset Chan1 (Red)
Pmmm<CR> Set Offset Chan2 (Green)
Qmmm<CR> Set Offset Chan3 (Blue)
F8<CR> Output Format: 8 bit data
F12<CR> Output Format: 12 bit data
C30<CR> Camera Clock: 30 MHz
C60<CR> Camera Clock: 60 MHz
M1<CR> Trigger Mode: ExternTrigger CC1
M2<CR> Free Run with maximum line rate
K<CR> returns SK type number
R<CR> returns Revision number
S<CR> returns Serial number
I4<CR> returns Camera Clock Low Freq.
I5<CR> returns Camera Clock High Freq.
Value range:
nnnn= 0...1023, mmm= 0...255
Software
Software
SK91GigE-WIN
Order Code
SkLineScan
Operating program
SDK
with DLLs and
C++ class library
SkLineScan GigE SK7500GTO
GigE SK7500GTO
1
Camera commands (selection)
SK91GigE-WIN Order Code
Data:
RJ45-Connector
for Gigabit
Ethernet cable
spezification CAT 6
2
1
3 4
5
6
Camera backside
2
1 3
1
3
Power Supply
PS051515
Order Code
Input: 100 - 240 V AC
0,8 A
50/60 Hz
input connection acc. IEC 320
(3-pol.)
Output:
5VDC/2.5A, 15VDC/0.5A,
-15VDC/0.3A
Output connector Lumberg KV60
(6-pol., female)
Power
Hirose series 10A,
6-pin, male, +5 V, 700 mA
+15 V, 50 mA
Pin Signal
1 +15V
2 +15V
3 +5V
2
Pin Signal
4 +5V
5 GND
6 GND
Pin Signal
1 GND
8 FrameSync
10 LineSync
2
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11 12
I/O-Connector
Hirose series 10 A,
12-pin, male
Case D1 (Lens mount) L1 (mm) L2 (mm) D2 (mm) L3 (mm)
CU5 M72 x 0,75 50.00 -- -- 8.00
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14
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SK512USD
CCTV lens B2514D
Camera mount SK5105
SK8100UJR
Focus adapter FA22-40
Scan lens
Apo-Rodagon N 4.0/80
Camera mount SK5105-L
SK16080UJRC-L
Photo Lens SK1,4/50-45
(integr. locking device for
focus and aperture setting)
Camera mount SK5105
Accessories: Page
Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Lens adapters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Focus adapters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Camera mounts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Connection cables . . . . . . . firmly connected
Power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . via PC
A
B
C
SK7500UTO-XL
Focus adapter FA26-S45
Macro lens for 1:1
Apo-Rodagon D1x 4,0/75
D
A B
C
No.
CCD Line Scan
Camera
Order code
1
2
3
4
SK512USD
SK1024USD
SK2048UJR
SK2048USD
Interface
1
Pixels
2
Max.
pixel
frequency
3
512
1024
15 MHz
15 MHz
2048
2048
10 MHz
15 MHz
5
6
7
SK5148UJR
SK7500UTO-XL
SK8100UJRC
8
9
SK10944UJRC
SK16080UJRC-L
5148
7500
10 MHz
15 MHz
8100 10 MHz
10944
16080
10 MHz
10 MHz
Max.
line
frequency
4
Video
signal
5
Pixel
size
6
Active
length
7
27.17 kHz
14.10 kHz
8 Bit
8 Bit
4.73 kHz
7.18 kHz
8 Bit
8 Bit
14x14m
14x14m
7.17 mm
14.34 mm
14x14m
14x14m
28.70 mm
28.70 mm
Anti-
Bloom
8
Integr.
Ctrl.
9
Dynamic
range
(RMS)
10
Power
supply
11
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1:2500
1:2500
USB (300 mA)
USB (300 mA)
1:500
1:2500
USB (300 mA)
USB (300 mA)
1.90 kHz
1.95 kHz
8 Bit
8 Bit
1.20 kHz 8 Bit
7x7m
7x7m
36.00 mm
52.50 mm
8x8m 21.60 mm
0.89 kHz
0.62 kHz
8 Bit
8 Bit
8x8m
8x8m
29.20 mm
42.90 mm
0
0
0
0
0 1
1:500
1:750
USB (300 mA)
USB (400 mA)
1:1000 USB (300 mA)
0
0
1
1
1:1000
1:1000
USB (300 mA)
USB (300 mA)
Case
type
12
Lens
thread
13
AU1
AU1
C-Mount
C-Mount
AU2
AU2
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
AU2
CU5
M40x0.75
M72x0.75
AU2 M40x0.75
AU2
AU3
M40x0.75
M45x0.75
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
USB2.0
USB2.0
CCD line scan cameras with
USB 2.0 interface are
perfectly suited for mobile applications and the
application in varying measuring computers.
The cameras can be connected to a notebook
or PC while running. A grabber for data acqui-
sition in the PC is not required.
USB line scan cameras by Schfter+Kirchhoff
can be synchronized externally. The input cable
for external synchronization as well as the USB
cable are firmly connected with the camera.
CCD Line Scan Cameras with USB 2.0 interface
Dimensions
D1
L2
L3 - Camera lange focal distance
L1
D2
CCD Line Sensor Depth 6.5 mm
Pixel No. 1
M3 (4x)
USB2.0 CCD line scan camera, case group: AU1
AU2
AU3
A USB 2.0 line scan camera
digital, 8 Bit, s/w, Color
B Lens
C Camera mount, clamp
set
D Cable end: USB A, BNC
B C A D
Case
AU1
AU2
AU3
D1 (Lens mount)
C-Mount
L1 (mm)
59.90
M40 x 0,75
M45 x 0,75
61.50
68.50
L2 (mm)
11.10
D2 (mm)
42.00
12.70
19.70
42.00
47.50
L3 (mm)
17.54
19.50
26.80
USB2.0 CCD line scan camera, case group: CU5
Lens thread M72x0,75
5
27 DB (8x)/5x7 7
40
65
6 2.5
4
1
.
7
75/M4
60/6.5
84
75/M4
3
4
/
M
4
/
4
x
9
0

6
8
x
4
6
4
6
x
6
8
M
7
2
x
0
.
7
5
12
8
L
e
n
s
m
o
u
n
t
M
7
2
x
0
.7
5
Installation of the USB line scan camera
When connecting the USB line scan camera to
the PC or notebook for the first time, the hard-
ware manager requests the installation of a dri-
ver for the camera.
After inserting the CD SK91USB-WIN the
hardware assistant finds the driver by itself. The
camera is installed correctly when
Schaefter+Kirchhoff CCD Line Scan Cam-
era is registered in the hardware assistant in
the category device type USB Controller.
application in industry and science
notebook, PC with USB 2.0
easy to handle plug&play
no grabber necessary
externally synchronizable
Laser diode collimator Object under test,
CCD line scan camera with USB interface,
Line signal with diffraction pattern at edges
Signal in thresholding mode
Application see page 43.
5
4
3
2 1
2
4
5
3
Application with USB 2.0 line scan camera
SK512USD
SK5148UJR
monochrome
SK7500UTO-XL
monochrome
SK8100UJRC
SK10944UJRC
SK16080UJRC-L
1
USB 2.0
Color
D
Laser diffraction system for diameter,
geometry and edge detection
*
Camera flange focal distance: 8mm
*
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15
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LabVIEW for USB Line Scan Cameras
LabVIEW VI library
and applications,
NI Vision support
The software packages SK91USB-WIN and
SK91USB-LXfor Windows XP/2000 and Linux,
respectively, include the SkLineScan

soft-
ware for instant startup of the USB line scan
camera, as well as a software development kit
(SDK). The SDK with DLLs and a class library
for C++ offers easy to handle methods for the
development of user applications.
The provided sample programs in C/C++ can
be used as templates for the development of
own applications. Source comments and a
manual facilitate the programming of the
cameras.
The SkLineScan Soft-
ware automatically re-
cognizes the connected
USB line scan cameras
and indicates the camera
type.
Oscilloscopic display:
Tool for the adjustment of
focus and aperture, as
well as for evaluating the
field flattening of the lens
and the orientation of il-
lumination and sensor.
Zoom function:
For the display of each in-
dividual pixel.
Online camera parameter
setting of the line scan
camera by non-modal
dialogs. Changes be-
come immediately
visible.
USB camera control:
Integration time control,
synchronization
Gain/offset control
Control of camera gain
and offset.
1
With USB line scan cameras, the continuous
acquisition and evaluation of scans is limited,
since the data transfer via the USB bus requires
approx. 16% CPU load.
Mode 0: Free-Run. After completion of the
line scan the next scan is started automa-
tically.
Mode 1: External synchronization. At the
time of an external trigger, readout of the line
scan previously exposed is performed. Start
and time of exposure are controlled inter-
nally by the camera. The trigger clock does
not affect the exposure time.
Mode 3: The camera exposure is started by
a software operation.
Mode 4: The exposure period starts exact-
ly with a falling edge of the TTL signal. The
trigger clock does not affect the exposure
time.
Operating System
SK91USB-WIN
SK91USB-LV
SK91USB-LX
Windows XP/2000
Windows/LabVIEW
Linux 2.4 / 2.6
Initialize the camera
Allocate memory in the user area
Release memory
Set pointer to user buffer
struct sk_interface
Csk Base classe
Communication structure for the driver
::Camera
::AllocBuffer
::FreeBuffer
::SetUserBufferPtr
::SetIntegrationTime
::SetLineFrequency
::SetSyncMode
::SetGain
::SetOffset
Set integration time (ms)
Set line frequency (kHz)
Set synchronization mode
Set camera gain
Set camera offset
Name of current camera
Number of current camera pixels
Current line frequency in kHz
Pointer to data set in user memory
::GetCamType
::GetPixWidth
::GetLineFrequency
::GetUserBufferPtr
::LineScanView
::AreaScanView
CskInit : Csk Initializing class
CskCtrl : Csk Control class
::SingleLineScan
::AreaScan
::ContinuousGrab
::GetImage
::StopContinuousGrab
Get a single line scan
Acquire a 2D scan
Start continious grab
Get a single image out of cont. grab
Stop continious grab
CskRecord : Csk Acquisition class
CskView : Csk View class
Display a line scan signal
Display an area scan
CskInfo : Csk Information class
Class library for C++ *
)
Order Code
1
About SkLineScan dialog with camera type
Oscilloscopic display of line scan signal
Zoom detail of fig. 2 with 512 pixels
2D scan of fig.2, number of lines programmable
Camera control for integration time, sync mode
Dialog for gain/offset
Sensor
Pixel No. 1
Object
Pixel 1
t
r
a
n
s
p
o
r
t
USB 2.0 SK2048USD: 2
SkLineScan USB 2.0 SK2048USD
A two-dimensional image is generated by
stringing together a programmable number
of line signals. In addition, either the object
or the camera must be moved. The direc-
tion of transport is upright to the sensor axis
of the CCD line scan camera.
Software SK91USB-WIN, SK91USB-LX SDK for USB line scan cameras
Synchronization Modes for USB Cameras
Software for USB 2.0 Line Scan Cameras
USB 2.0 SK2048USD
Signal window: pixel 0 - 2048 Zoom: displayed 2048 from 2048
Signal window: pixel 0 - 2048 Zoom: displayed 512 from 2048
2
3
4
5
6
Generating images
1
2
3
4
5
6
*
)
The class library contains more than 60 methods for controlling
the USB line scan camera. The sample shown here is to give a
review.
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16
2008 E
CCD Line Scan
Camera Interface Pixels
Max.
pixel
frequency
Max.
line
frequency
Video
signal
Pixel
size
Active
length
Anti-
Bloom
Integr.
Ctrl.
Dynamic
range
(RMS)
Power
supply
Case
type
Lens
thread
No.
1
Order code
SK512CSD
1 2
512
3
30 MHz
4
53.50 kHz
5
8/12 Bit
6
14x14m
7
7.17 mm
8
1
9
1
10
1:2500
11
+5V, +15V
12
AC1
13
C-Mount
2
3
4
5
SK512CPD
SK1024CSD
SK1024CPD
SK2048CSD
512
1024
50 MHz
30 MHz
1024
2048
50 MHz
30 MHz
83.00 kHz
28.00 kHz
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
45.00 kHz
14.30 kHz
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
10x10m
14x14m
5.12 mm
14.30 mm
10x10m
14x14m
10.24 mm
28.70 mm
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1:1500
1:2500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1:1500
1:2500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
AC1
AC1
C-Mount
C-Mount
AC1
AC2
C-Mount
M40x0.75
6
7
8
9
SK2048CPD
SK2048CJR
SK4096CPD-L
SK4096CPD-XL
10
11
12
SK5150CJR
SK7500CTO-XL
SK12000CPT-XA
2048
2048
50 MHz
10 MHz
4096
4096
50 MHz
50 MHz
5148
7500
40 MHz
40 MHz
12000 20 MHz
23.00 kHz
4.73 kHz
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
11.90 kHz
11.90 kHz
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
10x10m
14x14m
20.50 mm
28.70 mm
10x10m
10x10m
41.00 mm
41.00 mm
7.56 kHz
5.20 kHz
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
1.63 kHz 8 Bit
7x7m
7x7m
36.00 mm
52.50 mm
6,5x6,5m 78.00 mm
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1:1500
1:625
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1:2500
1:2500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
0
0
0
0
1 1
1:500
1:750
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1:2000 +5V, +15V
AC2
AC2
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
AC3
CC5
M45x0.75
M72x0.75
AC2
CC5
M40x0.75
M72x0.75
DC6 -----
13
14
15
SK1024CTDI
SK2048CTDI
SK4096CTDI-XL
16
17
SK6288CKOC
SK6288CKOC-XL
1024 x 96
2048 x 96
50 MHz
100 MHz
4096 x 96 100 MHz
3 x 2096
3 x 2096
60 MHz
60 MHz
43.40 kHz
43.40 kHz
8/12 Bit
2*8 Bit
22.30 kHz 2*8 Bit
13x13m
13x13m
13.30 mm
26.60 mm
13x13m 53.20 mm
9.28 kHz
9.28 kHz
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
14x14m
14x14m
29.30 mm
29.30 mm
1
1
0
0
1 0
1:2500
1:2500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1:2500 +5V, +15V
0
0
1
1
1:2500
1:2500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
AC2
AC2
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
CC5 M72x0.75
AC2
CC5
M40x0.75
M72x0.75
CameraLink is a standardized interface for the industrial image acquisition and designed for fast
data transmission. To control line scan cameras made by Schfter+Kirchhoff, any frame grab-
ber is suitable, as long as it complies with the CameraLink standard in the base configuration.
Camera and grabber are connected with a standardized cable with MDR26-plug connector. The
camera is configured with the SkCLconfig tool.
CCD Line Scan Camera with CameraLink

Interface
Dimensions CameraLink CCD line scan camera, case group: AC1
AC2
AC3
CameraLink CCD line scan camera,
case group: CC5
Lens thread M72x0.75 D1
L2
L3 - camera flange focal length
L1
D2
CCD line sensor Depth 6.5 mm
Pixel No. 1
M3 (4x)
Case
AC1
AC2
AC3
D1 (Lens mount)
C-Mount
L1 (mm)
52.40
M40 x 0,75
M45 x 0,75
54.00
61.00
L2 (mm)
11.10
D2 (mm)
42.00
12.70
19.70
42.00
47.50
L3 (mm)
17.54
19.50
26.80
Digital monochrome line scan cameras with 512 to 12000 pixels per line and
with 8 bit or 12 bit resolution. Data transmission is realized with a maximum
data rate of 60 MHz. The cameras are primarily equipped with anti-blooming and integration
control function.
Digital b/w line scan cameras with TDI sensors. The sensors are working at 4096
pixels per line, and 96 stages. The resolution of the video signal amounts to 8
bit, the maximum data rate reaches 60 MHz. The cameras are characterized
by their anti-blooming feature and a very high dynamic range. Due to their
working principle, the TDI cameras have a sensitivity nearly 100 times higher
compared to conventional line scan cameras.
Digital color line scan cameras with 3 x 2096 pixels per line (RGB)
and with 8 bit or 12 bit resolution. Data transmission is performed
at a max. data rate of 60 MHz. The camera is equipped with integration control.
Color
SK512CSD
SK5150CJR
monochrome
SK4096CPD
SK7500CTO-XL
monochrome
SK1024CTDI
SK2048CTDI
SK6288CKOC
SK4096CTDI
SK1024CSD
CCTVlens B2514D
Mounting bracket SK5105
SK4096CPD-L
Focus adapter FA16-45
Scan lens
Apo-Rodagon N 4,0/80
Mounting bracket SK5105-L
SK6288CKOC
Photo lens SK1,4/50-40
(integr. locking device
for focus and aperture setting)
Mounting bracket SK5105
Color
Accessories: Page
Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Lens adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Focus adapters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Camera mounts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Connection cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
SK7500CTO-XL
Focus adapter FA26-S45
Macro lens for 1:1
Apo-Rodagon D1x 4,0/75
SK6288CKOC
Color
A
A
B
C
D
B
D
C
*
camera flange focal length
*
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
mono-
chrome
SK12000CPT-XA (#12)
Full description and di-
mensions of case group
DC6: See page 44
For the camera operation and development of application software, the software development
kit (SDK) of the grabber manufacturer has to be used. Generally, common CameraLink grabbers
and their associated software are mainly designed for area cameras and do not support line scan
diagrams. For selected grabbers, Schfter+Kirchhoff supplies the operating program SkLineS-
can

with oscilloscopic display for plotting line scan signals with zoom function and for online
camera parameter setting in order to set up the optical system conveniently. Reference grabber:
National Instruments PCI-1428, CORECO X64-CL iPro, microEnable III, SiliconSoftware.
Oscilloscopic display:
Tool for the adjustment of
focus and aperture set-
ting, as well as for evalu-
ating the field flattening
of the lens. Zoom func-
tion for the display of
each individual pixel. Op-
tionally: Adaptation of
SkLineScan to other
CameraLink grabbers is
possible.
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17
2008 E
Accessories for CCD Line Scan Cameras with CameraLink interface
Configuration program SkCLconfig
Operating program SkLineScan,oscilloscopic display
Camera commands
With the configuration
program SkCLConfig by
Schfter+Kirchhoff, line
scan camera parameters,
e.g. gain, offset, and pixel
frequency, are adjusted
via serial interface of the
CameraLink interface.
For this the software uses
the clser***.dll, which is
attached to all Camera-
Link grabbers. In case the
program finds different
clser*.dll installed before,
the desired DLL is chosen
with select. The para-
meter settings are stored on camera board and remain valid for the next operation even after
shut down. The software SkCLConfig is included in the shipment of the camera.
Control cable SK9018...
for CCD line scan
cameras with
CameraLink-interface
26-pin shielded cable, both sides with
mini-ribbon connector (male, 26-pin.)
SK9018.5-MM Order-Code
MM = Connector
both sides (male)
3 = 3 m cable length
5 = 5 m (standard
cable length
max. length x = length customer
=10 m specified
Cable for power supply
SK9015... for
CCD line scan cameras
with CameraLink-
interface.
Shielded cable with connector Lumberg
SV60 (male, 6-pin) and connector Hirose
HR10A (female, 6-pin)
SK9015.1,5MF Order Code
MF = Connector
(male /female)
1.5 = 1.5 m (standard)
3 = 3 m
x = length customer-
specified
Power Supply
PS051515
Order Code
Input: 100 - 240V AC
0.8 A
50/60 Hz
Input socket acc. IEC 320
(3-pin)
Output:
5 VDC/2.5 A,
15VDC/0.5 A,
-15VDC/0.3 A
Output socket Lumberg KV60
(6-pin, female), length 1 m
1
1
SkLineScan microEnable III SK7500CTO
microEnable III SK7500CTO
Data:
Mini D Ribbon,
26pin, female
Pin Signal
1 +15V
2 +15V
3 +5V
Pin Signal
4 +5V
5 GND
6 GND
2
2
1
1
2
1
3 4
5
6
Camera backside
Power
Hirose Series 10 A,
6-pin, male,
+5 V , 430 mA /
+15 V, 35 mA
3
4
5
1
2
CCD line scan camera
SK7500CTO-XL
Focus adapter FA26-S45
Extension ring ZR-L...
Lens adapter M39-45
Macro lens 1:1
Apo-Rodagon D1 x 4,0/75
5
4
3
2
1
Operation Description
Gnnnn<CR> Set Gain Chan1 (Red) 0-24 dB
Bnnnn<CR> Set Gain Chan2 (Green) 0-24 dB
Hnnnn<CR> Set Gain Chan3 (Blue) 0-24 dB
Jnnnn<CR> Set Gain Chan4 0-24 dB
Ommm<CR> Set Offset Chan1 (Red)
Pmmm<CR> Set Offset Chan2 (Green)
Qmmm<CR> Set Offset Chan3 (Blue)
Ummm<CR> Set Offset Chan4
F8<CR> Output Format: 8 bit data
F12<CR> Output Format: 12 bit data
C30<CR> Camera Clock: 30 MHz
C60<CR> Camera Clock: 60 MHz
CC3<CR> Camera Clock extern by CC3
(max. 60 MHz / optional)
T0<CR> Test pattern off
T1<CR> Test pattern on,
M1<CR> Trigger Mode: ExternTrigger CC1
M2<CR> Free Run with maximum line rate
M3<CR> Extern Trigger&Integration CC1-
input, optional
M4<CR> Extern Trigger CC1, Integration
CC2- input, optional
I<CR> returns camera identification
K<CR> returns SK type number
R<CR> returns Revision number
S<CR> returns Serial number
I4<CR> returns Camera Clock Low Freq.
I5<CR> returns Camera Clock High Freq.
I6<CR> Ga1:xxxxx<CR> ret.Gain Chan 1
I7<CR> Ga2:xxxxx<CR> ret.Gain Chan 2
I10<CR> Ga3:xxxxx<CR> ret.Gain Chan 3
I11<CR> Ga4:xxxxx<CR> ret.Gain Chan 4
I8<CR> Of1:xxxxx<CR> ret.Offset Chan1
I9<CR> Of2:xxxxx<CR> ret.Offset Chan2
I12<CR> Of3:xxxxx<CR> ret.Offset Chan3
I13<CR> Of4:xxxxx<CR> ret.Offset Chan4
Range of values:
nnnn = 0...1023, mmm= 0...255
Camera commands are entered into the field
Input of the configuration tool and executed
with Set Command
Software
SK91CL-WIN
Order Code
1. Configuration tool SkCLConfig
(included to camera)
2. SkLineScan
for selected grabbers:
- PCI-1428, National Instruments
- CORECO X64-CL iPro,
- microEnable III, SiliconSoftware
Optionally, adaption to other grabbers
is possible.
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18
2008 E
CCD Line Scan
Camera Interface Pixels
Max.
pixel
frequency
No.
1
2
3
Order code
SK512ZSD
SK512DPD
SK512ZPD
4
5
6
7
SK1024ZSD
SK1024DPD
SK1024ZPD
SK2048DJRI
1 2
512
3
30 MHz
512
512
40 MHz
50 MHz
1024
1024
30 MHz
40 MHz
1024
2048
50 MHz
10 MHz
Max.
line
frequency
Video
signal
Pixel
size
Active
length
Anti-
Bloom
Integr.
Ctrl.
Dynamic
range
(RMS)
Power
supply
4
52.00 kHz
5
8/12 Bit
69.40 kHz
78.10 kHz
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
6
14x14m
7
7.17 mm
10x10m
10x10m
5.12 mm
5.12 mm
27.50 kHz
36.76 kHz
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
43.40 kHz
4.80 kHz
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
14x14m
10x10m
14.30 mm
10.24 mm
10x10m
14x14m
10.24 mm
28.70 mm
8
1
9
1
1
1
1
1
10
1:5000
11
+5V, +15V, -15V
1:2500
1:2500
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1:5000
1:2500
+5V, +12V, -12V
+5V, +15V, -15V
1:2500
1:500
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +12V, -12V
Case
type
Lens
thread
12
AL1
13
C-Mount
AL1
AL1
C-Mount
C-Mount
AL1
AL1
C-Mount
C-Mount
AL1
AL2
C-Mount
M40x0.75
8
9
10
11
SK2048DDW
SK2048ZSD
SK2048DPD
SK2048ZPD
12
13
14
15
SK4096DPD-L
SK4096ZPD-L
SK4096ZPD-XL
SK5150DJR
2048
2048
10 MHz
30 MHz
2048
2048
40 MHz
50 MHz
4096
4096
40 MHz
50 MHz
4096
5150
50 MHz
40 MHz
16
17
18
19
SK5150ZJR
SK7500DTO-XL
SK10680DJR-L
SK12000ZPT-XA
20
21
22
SK1024ZTDI
SK2048ZTDI
SK4096ZTDI-XL
5150
7500
40 MHz
40 MHz
10680
12000
5 MHz
20 MHz
1024 x 96 50 MHz
2048 x 96
4096 x 96
60 MHz
60 MHz
4.80 kHz
14.20 kHz
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
18.94 kHz
23.00 kHz
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
13x500m
14x14m
26.60 mm
28.70 mm
10x10m
10x10m
20.50 mm
20.50 mm
9.63 kHz
11.90 kHz
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
11.90 kHz
7.53 kHz
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
10x10m
10x10m
41.00 mm
41.00 mm
10x10m
7x7m
41.00 mm
36.00 mm
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1:2000
1:5000
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
1:2500
1:2500
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
1:2500
1:2500
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
1:2500
1:500
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
7.53 kHz
5.20 kHz
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
0.46 kHz
1.63 kHz
8 Bit
8 Bit
7x7m
7x7m
36.00 mm
52.50 mm
4x4m
6,5x6,5m
42.72 mm
78.00 mm
43.40 kHz 8/12 Bit
26.80 kHz
14.00 kHz
8 Bit
8 Bit
13x13m 13.30 mm
13x13m
13x13m
26.60 mm
53.20 mm
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
1:500
1:750
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
1:1000
1:2000
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V
1 0
1
1
0
0
1:5000 +5V, +15V, -15V
1:5000
1:5000
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V,-15V
23
24
25
SK3750DJRC
SK4096DJRC
SK6288ZKOC
26
27
28
29
SK6288ZKOC-XL
SK8100DJRC
SK10944DJRC
SK16080DJRC-L
3756 20 MHz
4096
3 x 2096
15 MHz
60 MHz
3 x 2096
8100
60 MHz
20 MHz
10944
16080
20 MHz
20 MHz
30 SK32040DJRC-L 32040 15 MHz
4.80 kHz 8 Bit
3.50 kHz
9.28 kHz
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
8x8m 10.00 mm
12x14m
14x14m
28.70 mm
29.30 mm
9.28 kHz
2.47 kHz
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
1.79 kHz
1.22 kHz
8 Bit
8 Bit
14x14m
8x8m
29.30 mm
21.60 mm
8x8m
8x8m
29.20 mm
42.90 mm
0 1
0
0
0
1
1:1000 +5V, +15V, -15V
1:1000
1:2500
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
1:2500
1:1000
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
1:1000
1:1000
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
0.47 kHz 8 Bit 4x4m 42.72 mm 0 0 1:1000 +5V, +15V, -15V
AL2
AL2
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
AL2
AL2
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
AL3
AL3
M45x0.75
M45x0.75
CL5
AL2
M72x0.75
M40x0.75
AL2
CL5
M40x0.75
M72x0.75
AL3
DL6
M45x0.75
-----
AL2 M40x0.75
AL2
CL5
M40x0.75
M72x0.75
AL2 M40x0.75
AL2
AL2
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
CL5
AL2
M72x0.75
M40x0.75
AL2
AL3
M40x0.75
M45x0.75
AL3 M45x0.75
CCD Line Scan Cameras with LVDS Interface
Data transmission with CCD line scan cameras with LDVS interface is executed based on the
standards of the Low Voltage Differential Signaling (LVDS). Due to the low voltage level of 3.3 V,
line scan cameras with this interface keep a low power consumption even at high transmission
rates. Camera control and data transmission to PC are accomplished with a PC interface board
(PCI bus), which also manages the power supply of the line scan camera. A separate power sup-
ply unit is not necessary.
For the synchronous processing of several line scan cameras with one PC interface the merger
box SK9195 is used.
Digital monochrome line scan cameras with 512 to 12000 pixels per line and
with 8 bit or 12 bit resolution. Data transmission is realized with a maximum
data rate of 60 MHz. The cameras are primarily equipped with anti-blooming and integration
control function.
Digital b/w line scan cameras with TDI sensors. The sensors are working at 4096
pixels per line, and 96 stages. The resolution of the video signal amounts to 8
bit, the maximum data rate reaches 60 MHz. The cameras are characterized
by their anti-blooming feature and a very high dynamic range. Due to their
working principle, the TDI cameras have a sensitivity nearly 100 times higher
compared to conventional line scan cameras.
Digital color line scan cameras with 3 x 2096 pixels per line (RGB)
and with 8 bit or 12 bit resolution. Data transmission is performed
at a max. data rate of 60 MHz. The camera is equipped with integration control.
Color
SK512ZSD
SK5150ZJR
monochrome
SK4096ZPD-XL
SK7500ZTO-XL
SK12000ZPT
monochrome
SK1024ZTDI
SK2048ZTDI
SK6288ZKOC-XL
SK4096ZTDI-XL
Color
Accessories: Page
Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Lens adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Focus adapters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Camera mounts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Connection cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
SK3750DJRC
SK32040DJRC-L
Color
LVDS
LVDS
LVDS
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
SK1024ZPD
CCTV lens B2514D
Camera mount SK5105
SK4096ZPD-L
Focus adapter FA16-45
Scan lens
Apo-Rodagon N 4.0/80
Camara mount SK5105-L
SK6288ZKOC
Photo lens SK1,4/50-40
(intergrated locking device for
focus and aperture stop)
Camera mount SK5105
SK7500DTO-XL
Focus adapter FA26-S45
Macro lens for 1:1
Apo-Rodagon D1x 4.0/75
A
B
C
D
A B
C D
mono-
chrome
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19
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5
27 DB(8x) /5x7
7
28 84
75/M4
3
4
/
M
4
/
4
x
9
0

6
8
x
4
6
4
6
x
6
8
M
7
2
x
0
.
7
5
12
8
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s

m
o
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n
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M

7
2

x

0
.
7
5
75/M4
60/6.5
System components and accessories
4
Interface
PCI bus
4
Interface
PCI bus
1
PC
with PCI slot
PC
with PCI slot
1
LVDS
LVDS
Merger
Box
Software
Software
5
Merger-
Box
6
6
3
Gain / offset adjustment
Timing diagram
MCLK
CCD line scan signal of a color line scan camera. RGB intensities
are matched via gain control (white calibration object).
Gain/Offset control in the SkLineScan program. The oscilloscopic
display instantly shows changes of the gain/offset parameters.
SOS
CLT
CCLK
LVAL
Data
Video
intern
Input
Output
ca. 60 ns b Clock Cycles N Clock Cycles o Clock Cycles
20 ns
b b b 1 2 N
N
1
2 3
4 5
N= Pixelzahl der Kamera, b= Schwarzpixel, o= Overclocking
N-1
N-1
A
Accessories Order Codes
PC interface
Software
Merger box
Dimensions
Dimensions
D1
L2
L3 - Flange focal length
L1
D2
CCD Line Sensor Depth 6.5 mm
Pixel No. 1
M3 (4x)
Case
AL1
AL2
AL3
D1 (Lens mount)
C-Mount
L1 (mm)
49.40
M40 x 0,75
M45 x 0,75
51.00
58.00
L2 (mm)
11.10
D2 (mm)
42.00
12.70
19.70
42.00
47.50
L3 (mm)
17.54
19.50
26.80
LVDS CCD Line Scan Camera, case group: AL1
AL2
AL3
LVDS CCD line scan camera, case group: CL5
Lens thread: M72x0.75
SK9019.3FF Order Code
for LVDS line scan cameras
36-pole shielded cable for camera and
video signals. Standard: 3 m cable length,
single- oder double-sided with Centronics
connectors (female, 36-pole). See page 45
Connection cable
A
B
SK9190D Order Code
SK9192D
SK9193D
LineScan grabber for digital and CCD line
scan cameras with LVDS interface, PCI
bus, pre-processing functions on-board:
Shading correction, windowing, threshold-
ing; external synchronization (LineSync,
FrameSync), see page 20
SK91PCI-WIN* Order Code
SK91PCI-LV **
SK91PCI-LX ***
Operation program SkLineScan, SDK with
DLLs and class libraries, sample codes
* Windows,
** Windows/LabVIEW,
***Linux see page 24
SK9195 Order Code
Synchronous processing of up to fife digi-
tal CCD line scan cameras with PC inter-
face board.
Individual integration control slider for each
connected camera.
Several merger boxes cascadable.
Optionally applicable as a digital signal am-
plifier (doubles the maximum cable length)
Self-configuring.
19 cassette 3HE/10TE
For description see page 22
Synchronization box SK8051 Order Code
Synchronization box with programmable
pulse divider for external synchronized
camera acquisition. The synchronization
box comes with jitter suppression.
See page 21
With line scan cameras of the series Z (ZSD, ZPD,...) gain/offset is
adjusted via the SKLineScan software. Gain/offset control opens
control sliders for each single camera individually, dependent on the
number of corresponding adjustable
gain/offset channels.
Monochrome cameras have a maximum of
4 gain/offset sliders (A,B,C,D). The sliders
represent A for red, B for green and C
for blue.
B
LVDS camera
Backside
Manual gain/offset
adjustment is accom-
plished with trimming
resistors and at
the camera backside.
P2 P1
A
R G B
P1 P2
*
Camera flange focal length
*
MCLK = Master Clock, specifies the
frequency of the pixel trans-
port, max 40 MHz/LVDS in.
SOS = StartOfScan, controls the line
frequency of the camera.
CCLK = CameraClock Out, max.
60MHz
LVAL = LineValid, a "High" level in-
dicates valid pixel data linked
to the A/D converter out.
CLT = Camera Line Transfer, inter-
nal clock at the start of the
line of LVAL, serves for syn-
chronization of the
Schfter+Kirchhoff interface
boards. By request the LVDS
camera is delivered without
ICLT clock at the LVAL.
Order Code: SKnnnnXXX-3
SKnnnnXXX= Camera type
example: SK1024XSD-3
#19 - SK12000ZPT-XA Full description and dimensions case group DL6: See p. 44
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Synchronisation
Camera
Interface
SK9190D SK9192D SK9193D
FIFO-memory in
kByte
Standard
Maximum
32
256
32
256
32
256
PC bus system
Treshold mode
Noise suppresion / bit
Gray levels
PCI
1
0-7
8/12 bit
PCI
1
PCI
1
0-7
8/12 bit
0-7
8/12 bit
Camera connectors
Video signal output
Input voltage
Window function
1
8 bit digital
LVDS
1
Shading correction memory
Max. pixel frequency
Line frequency for
512-pixel camera
8 kB
30 MHz
52.0 kHz
1
8 bit digital
1
8 bit digital
LVDS
1
LVDS
1
32 kB
40 MHz
32 kB
60 MHz
69.4 kHz 104.0 kHz
PC Interface for CCD Line Scan Cameras with LVDS interface
FrameStart
ExtSync
Video
VideoValid
Data
transmission
Timing diagram:
FRAME SYNC + ext. Sync. mode 1
Board type
Line scan camera interface boards supply
the control signals and the supply voltages
for the operation of the CCD line scan ca-
meras. As interface between PC and camera
they transmit the line signals to the PC
memory and allow setting the parameters of
the camera (integration time, pixel frequen-
cy and line scan frequency, synchronization).
Special pre-processing functions on-board
accelerate the signal evaluation in the PC
(shading correction, windowing, threshol-
ding).
Library functions from the software package
SK91PCI-XXX*) and the operating software
SkLineScan support the programming of
the interface boards.
*)XXX = operating systems: WIN, LX (Linux)
Exposure period: The time in which the
charge carriers are read completely from the
shift register of the sensor (also exposure
time). The time interval is determined by two
successive SOS signals. The reciprocal value
is the horizontal frequency.
Integration time: Duration of the charge
accumulation on the sensor in an exposure
period. By inactive integration control func-
tion the integration time is equal to the expo-
sure time.
Integration control: In case of CCD line scan
cameras with integration control function the
integration time can be programmed shorter
than the exposure time (shutter operation).
The line frequency remains constant.
Exposure
FIFO memory in
kByte,
see table for size
SK 9192D. 32
CCD line scan camera interface boards
FIFO ( First In First Out ): On-board memory
for digitized camera signals. On PCI bus
boards it serves as a buffer during short-term
PCI bus overload. The FIFO sizes range from
32 to 256 kByte and are to be specified in the
order code of the interface board.
LINE-SYNC Modi
intern Mod. 0: Free-Run. The camera board
internally controls the trigger point and the
exposure time of the line scan. After com-
pletion of the line scan the next scan is star-
ted automatically (free-run).
extern Mod. 1: At the time of an external trig-
ger, the readout of the line scan previously
exposed is performed. Start and time of ex-
posure are controlled internally by the cam-
era. The exposure time is programmed be-
fore. The trigger clock does not affect the
exposure time.
extern Mod. 2: At the time of trigger, the cur-
rent exposure is aborted and a new exposure
period is started. The line exposed is read out
in the next cycle. Delays of up to 2 line cycles
are possible.
extern Mod. 4: Exactly at the time of trigger
a new exposure is started. Each line scan is
acquired (combines the advantages of mode
1+2, for integration control cameras only).
extern Mod. 3: The camera exposure is star-
ted by a software operation.
asynchron (ExtSOS): The exposure time is
determined independently from the interface
board setting by an external trigger. The com-
puter clock or an external TTL signal can be
used as time reference. Exposure times of
any length are possible.
The PC interface board generates the signals
for triggering an exposure. In free-run mode,
immediately after acquisition of one scan the
next scan is triggered. In case of external syn-
chronization the clock of an external TTL sig-
nal and the mode of synchronization selected
determines the time of data acquisition. The
LINE-SYNC modes are used for synchroniza-
tion of single line scans, the FRAME-SYNC trig-
gers a whole 2D scan.
FRAME-SYNC Mode
In addition, the digital interface boards have
an external frame synchronization (FRAME-
SYNC) for synchronized acquisition of 2D
scans with an arbitrary number of lines. The
individual line scans are synchronized inter-
nally in the free run mode (0) or externally
(mode 1 or 4).
The interface board suppresses the data
transfer until a falling edge of a TTL signal oc-
curs at FrameStart input. (controlled, e.g.
by a light barrier). Not until then is Video-
Valid set to active and the entire image data
are transferred via FIFO to the PC memory.
CCD line scan camera interface boards for
PCI bus (according to PCI 2.2 specification)
Connect to all digital line scan cameras with
LVDS interface (b/w or color) by
Schfter+Kirchhoff.
Linear on-board memory (FIFO=First in
First out) in sizes of 32 to 256 KByte
+5V, 12V, 15V supply from the PC inter-
face board
External synchronization of lines and
frames possible
Internal and external control of exposure
time and line scan frequency
External triggering for asynchronous data
acquisition
All operating parameters programmable via
PC
External pixel transport signal clock up to
10 MHz
Gray scale (8/12 bit) and thresholding
In threshold mode: adjustable suppression
of noise peaks on the video signal without
loss of resolution.
Shading correction; white level balance for
color line scan cameras.
Window function; LineValid window for
digital cameras
Busmaster DMA with PCI bus interface
boards
System expansion: Merger Box
SK9194/SK9195 for operation of up to five
CCD line scan cameras with a single PC
interface board (cascadable).
Synchronization
PC-interface
SK9190D, SK9192D, SK9193D
PCI bus, pixel clock digital cameras:
30 / 40 / 60 MHz
Timing diagram SK9190D, SK9192D, SK9193D
MCLK
SOS
CCLK
LVAL
Data
Output
Input
ca. 60 ns b Clock Cycles N Clock Cycles o Clock Cycles
20 ns
b b b 1 2 N
N= Pixelzahl der Kamera, b= Schwarzpixel, o= Overclocking
N-1
Order Code
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Miniature Centronics 36 pin Connector (male)
Signal Pin Pin Signal
GND 18 O O 36 GND
(+5V) VCC 17 O O 35 VCC (+5V)
GND 16 O O 34 D7 - out
(+5V) VCC 15 O O 33 D7 + out
CCLK - out 14 O O 32 D6 - out
CCLK + out 13 O O 31 D6 + out
LVAL - out 12 O O 30 D5 - out
LVAL + out 11 O O 29 D5 + out
SOS - in 10 O O 28 D4 - out
SOS + in 9 O O 27 D4 + out
MCLK - in 8 O O 26 D3 - out
MCLK + in 7 O O 25 D3 + out
GND 6 O O 24 D2 - out
(-15V)VEE 5 O O 23 D2 + out
(+15V)VDD 4 O O 22 D1 - out
(+15V)VDD 3 O O 21 D1 + out
GND 2 O O 20 DO - out
1 O O 19 DO + out
Merger Box SK9195
Synchronous operation of up to
five digital CCD line scan ca-
meras with a single PC inter-
face board.
Individual integration control
regulation for each camera
connected.
For synchronous operation of
further line scan cameras, several Merger
Boxes can be cascaded.
Optional use as digital signal amplifier
(doubles the maximum possible cable
length).
Self-configuration
19 cassette 3HE/10TE
Detailed information see page 22
Connection cable SK9019...
Digital CCD line scan cameras
Camera series XSD, DPD, DPT, DJRC
etc. 36-pin shielded cable for camera
and video signals.
Standard: 3m cable length, on both sides with 36-pin
Centronics connector (female).
SK9019.3 FF Order Code
FF = Connector both sides (female)
F = Connector one side (female)
3 = 3 m (standard cable length)
5 = 5 m
x = Length customer specified
The maximum cable length for all cameras depends
on the pixel frequency and the current admission of
the camera. In case of larger cable lengths the external
power supply SXI-30 is approved.
Connection cables for CCD line scan cameras
Synchronization box SK8051
The synchronization box SK 8051 uses high-
frequency TTL input signals to generate line and
frame synchronization signals with pro-
grammable divisional proportion of input and
output frequency. With this it controls the line
and image acquisition. The maximum input
frequency amounts 500 kHz.
Direction-dependent jitter suppression pre-
vents undesirable line scans caused by
machine jitter before starting the scan.
The synchronization box is programmed via the
serial interface of the PC.
Synchronization box SK8051 Order code
SK9192D
Interface
PCI-Bus
Software
SK91PCI-WIN
SK91PRC
PC
Extern
Clock IN
Sync-Box
SK8051
C
l
o
c
k

O
U
T
Video
SYNCIN
COM
System components for external synchroniza-
tion with the Synchronization box SK8051
Connector pin assignment
o 6 nc
o 7 GND
o 8 GND
o 9 ViVa
SOS out 1 o
StartFrame in 2 o
Ex Clock in 3 o
Ex SoS in 4 o
Ex Sync in 5 o
I/O Control D-SUB 9 pin
The video signal digitized by the camera is grabbed by the
interface board and transmitted to the PC memory. The
SkLineScan program displays the signals with 8 bit or 12 bit resolution. With an 8 bit resolu-
tion 256 gray scales are obtained. In the lower picture part the gray scaled line signal CCD is
illustrated, on top a zoomed part of the signal. With the zoom function each single pixel from
the complete measuring range can be displayed. Thus the image quality of the lens as well
as the proper illumination can be checked.
Gray scale processing
The interface boards support an adjustable signal threshold
(upper picture). Thresholding generates a binary signal. The
result of the operation is shown below: Signal smaller than threshold yields 0, otherwise 1.
Only if the signal reaches the threshold or falls below the threshold is a value stored in the
FIFO memory (RLE). Thereby the data volume per line is reduced and the measuring frequency
is increased. The complexity of edge position determination is reduced to masking of the
pixel addresses only.
Thresholding
The noise suppression logic, adjustable from n = 0 to 7 pixels
(see table), inhibits all threshold transitions which do not re-
main steady for at least n +1 pixels (e.g.: a setting on 3 pixels selects at least 4 pixel wide
transitions). The following application provides an example of this digital low-pass filtering
without reduction of the optical resolution: Checking of filter webs for holes too large in trans-
illumination, with digital suppression of the regular web structure, which is also imaged with
high resolution.
Noise suppression
This function compensates for a non-uniform illumination of
the line sensor as well as possibly different sensitivities of
the individual pixels. An individual amplification factor for each pixel is stored in a memory
module on the interface board. The color line scan cameras with sequential RGB signal uses
the shading correction for adjusting the different sensitivities for R, G and B (white level bal-
ance). Upper graph: before shading correction, lower graph: after shading correction.
Shading correction
The window function defines a freely programmable win-
dow (ROI) on the line sensor. Only the pixel information with-
in the window reaches the FIFO. Therefore, only these ranges have to be illuminated. The
Window function reduces the data volume and reduces the effort for line or picture evalua-
tion. LineValid is a special form of a window function on interface boards for digital line scan
cameras with LVDS interface. With LineValid the window is set precisely along the active pix-
els of the sensor.
Window function
Color line scan camera
Operating modes, data reduction, and signal display
Signal and timing diagram see page 19.

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Merger Box SK9195
The line scan signals of the attached digital CCD line scan cameras
are merged to a combined line scan signal. To the PC interface board,
the merger box appears as a virtual line scan camera with the
aggregated pixel numbers. The combined cameras are operated
synchronously and with identical exposure period. An individual
integration time adjustment of each camera is possible.
Parallel and synchronous data acquisition with several line scan
cameras (no multiplex operation).
Only one interface board is required by which costs and computer
resources are reduced.
Reduced programming efforts.
In operating mode 2: faster data acquisition. The line signals are
temporarily stored and transmitted to the PC interface board with
higher pixel frequency.
Z 1 Line 1 Z 1 Z 1 Z 2 Z 2 Z 2 Z 2 Zeile 2 Z 1
Line 1
Z 1
Line 2
Z 2
Z 1
Z 1
Z 2
Z 2
Z 1 Z 2
Kamera Typ Pixel Clock
C1 SK1024DPD 1024 40MHz
C2 SK512DPD 512 40MHz
C3 SK1024DPD 1024 40MHz
C4 SK512DPD 512 40MHz
C5 SK512DPD 512 40MHz
MB SK3584M 3584 40MHz
Signalgenerierung in der Merger-Box SK9195
Fig. 3: Snap shot (Screenshot) of the combined line signals and the line
signals of the individual cameras. CCD line signal with superimposed
laser spots and . L2 L1
4
2 3 4
6
6
5
5 L1
L2
L2
Line-(sum-)signal
of the Merger Box (3584 pixel)
Signal camera 1 (1024 pixel)
pixel address 1 - 1024
Signal camera 2 (512 pixel)
Pixel address 1025 - 2048
Signal camera 3 (1024 pixel)
pixel address 2049 - 2560
Signal camera 4 (512 Pixel)
pixel address2561 - 3072
Signal camera 5 (512 Pixel)
pixel address3073 - 3584
6
5
4
3
2
1
Fig. 2: Timing diagram. The line signals of the single cameras are
buffered and joined in the Merger Box (Timing diagram for operating
mode 1).
The line data of the connected cameras are stored temporarily and then
put out sequentially. Each line scan camera has a defined position with-
in the combined signal.
For processing the data the individual camera signals can be separat-
ed in the computer and assigned unambiguously. This applies for line-
wise as well as for the block-wise evaluation of the camera signals. For
the temporary storage of the line signal of each camera an 8 kByte
internal memory (FIFO) is available inside the merger box.
The FIFO size and the adjusted operating mode of the merger box
determine the maximum pixel number of each single camera and those
of the sum signal.
After adjusting the operation mode (ex Schfter+Kirchhoff or by the user)
the merger box configures itself. The type of the connected line scan
cameras is automatically identified. For the connection of more than
five line scan cameras several boxes can be cascaded.
A special extension connector (input of camera 5) can be configured al-
lowing all cameras of the first and of the cascaded merger boxes to be
exposed at the same time and thus a pixel-synchronous data acqui-
sition is also achieved with cascaded boxes.
An external power supply is necessary if the added power con-
sumption of all connected cameras exceeds the allowed power
supply values of the PC interface board.
Fig. 4: System components of a CCD line scan camera measuring
system with Merger Box SK9195.
1
1
1 1
2 4
5
3
1
CCD line scan camera
Merger box SK9195
PC Interface SK9192D
Software SK91PCI
PC (x86-Processor) 5
4
3
2
1
Advantages of the Merger Box SK9195
Application fields
Function
Synchronous capture of separated processes, e.g., during the
acceleration phase on the engine test bench.
Online process control of extruded profiles, continuous and high-
resolution inspection of endless material.
Multi-point glass thickness measurement.
Synchronization of up to five digital CCD line scan
cameras with a single PC interface board
Individual integration control adjustable for each
connected camera.
Several merger boxes can be cascaded.
Optionall use as digital signal amplifier
(doubles the maximum possible cable length).
No configuration necessary
19 cassette 3HE/10TE
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
L1 L2
Merger-Box
SK 9195
Fig. 1: Application example: Synchronous measuring data capturing
with five line scan cameras to . Superimposed laserspots and
extend the 2-dimensional measurement by an additional value, e.g.
depth, vibration or warpage.
L2
L1 C5 C1
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Example: Connection of four 1024-pixel line scan cameras,
frequency divider 4.
All connected cameras operate with the pixel frequency specified by
the programmed pixel frequency of the PC interface board. The pixel
frequencies of the line scan cameras and the sum signal of the Merg-
er Box are identical. Data of camera 1 are directly transmitted to the
interface board, Subsequently the buffered data of the other cameras
follow (see example in fig. 5).
Line frequency of the sum signal
f =
The maximum line frequency is determined by the camera(s) with the
lowest tolerable pixel frequency and by the maximum pixel frequency
of the interface board.
Maximum pixel length
The maximum pixel length of the connected cameras as well as of the
sum signal, is limited by the capacity of the Merger Box memory.
For buffering the line signals as a standard each camera disposes of
8 kByte FIFO memory (optionally 16 or 32 kByte).
In operating mode 1 the signal of the first camera is not buffered, thus
the maximum pixel length of the sum signal Lmax with n connected
cameras (n 5) is
Lmax= (n-1) 8192 + (pixel length of camera 1)
The pixel length of the first camera is not limited by the existing FIFO
memory, to the other camera inputs line scan cameras with up to 8192
pixel each (with 8 bit video signal and 8 kByte FIFO memory) can be
connected
Attention: PC interface boards with full functional range (incl. Shading
Correction) can process line signals with a maximum length of 32768
pixel.
pixel frequency of the output signal
totalized line length + 64
1
0
5
46
66,4
Dimensions 19-Cassette 3HE/10TE
Pin 1 +15 V
Pin 2 - 15 V
Pin 4 + 5V
Pin 5 GND
Pinbelegung ext.
Power Supply
1
2
8
,
4
50,5
Merger Box SK 9195...
SK 9195-P-8-1 Order Code
default operation mode and divider
1 - op. mode 1, frequency divider 1
2 - op. mode2, frequency divider 2
3 - op. mode2, frequency divider 3
4 - op. mode2, frequency divider 4
FIFO memory for each camera
8 - 8 kByte (default)
16 - 16 kByte
32 - 32 kByte
default power supply
P - PC power supply
E - external power supply
Connection cable SK 9019...
SK 9019.3 FF Order Code
cable length in m
3 = 3 m (def. length), 1 = 1 m
x = length determind by customer
External power supply SXI-30
SXI-30 Order Code
Operating modes of the Merger Box SK9195
The pixel frequency of the PC interface board determines the pixel
frequency of the Merger Box SK9195 (max. 40 MHz). At this speed the
sum signal of the Merger Box will transmit to the interface board. The
pixel frequency of the connected line scan cameras is determined by
the selected operating mode of the Merger Box.
In operating mode 1 all line scan cameras work with the programmed
pixel frequency of the PC interface board.
In operating mode 2 a frequency divider reduces the pixel frequency
of the cameras by a factor 2, 3 or 4.
The operating mode and the frequency divider are adjustable by a
jumper.
CCD 1,1024 pixel, 40 MHz
CCD 2, 2048 pixel, 40 MHz
CCDout, 3072 pixel, 40 MHz
line 1
line 1
Zeile 1
line 2
line 2
Zeile 2
Example:
Combination of a 1024-pixel line scan camera with a 2048-pixel line
scan camera with pixel frequency of 40 MHz
line 1 line 2
line 1 line 2
line 1 line 2
line 1 line 2
CCD 1, 1024 pixel, 10 MHz
CCD 2, 1024 pixel, 10 MHz
CCD 3, 1024 pixel, 10 MHz
CCD 4, 1024 pixel, 10 MHz
CCDout , 4096 pixel, 40 MHz
Fig. 6: Timing diagram of four CCD line scan cameras connected to
a Merger Box with operating
line frequency = 40 MHz / (4 x 1088) = 9.2 kHz
Fig. 5: Timing diagram of two CCD line scan cameras connected to
a Merger Box in operating mode 1.
Jumper 1
SW0
SW1
SW2
Jumper 2
SW0
SW1
SW2
Selection operating mode
and divider
Selection internal (PC) or
external power supply
With internal power supply,
up to 1A and +5V power is
admitted. Power require-
ment of the cameras is spe-
cified in the camera manual.
The Merger Box itself re-
quires up to 150 mA.
line 1 line 2
Operating Mode 1: Single Buffered
Jumper 1:
Jumper 2:
Operating Mode 2: Double Buffered
Order Codes
Zeit
line1 line1 line1 line1
The connected cameras operate with half, a third, or fourth of the pro-
grammed pixel frequency of the PC interface. The signals of all cam-
eras are completely buffered and transmitted during the next line clock.
The sum signal arrives at the output of the Merger Box with a delay of
one exposure time (see example in fig. 6). An advantage of this oper-
ating mode is the possibility of connecting line scan cameras with a
lower pixel frequency specification to the Merger-Box and to transmit
the sum signal to the PC interface board with a pixel frequency two,
three or four times higher.
Line frequency of the sum signal
The line frequency f, equal for all cameras, with n cameras calculates:
f =
For efficient signal transmission, the usage of line scan cameras with
identical pixel lengths is appropriate.
Maximum pixel length
The maximum pixel length of the connectable line scan cameras in op-
erating mode 2 corresponds to the half FIFO length in bytes, e.g. 4096
pixel with a standard FIFO capacity of 8kByte. If a camera with a greater
pixel length is to be connected to one of the inputs of the merger box,
a version with 16 or 32 kByte, respectively, has to be selected.
The maximum length of the sum signal at the Merger Box output with
an 8 kByte FIFO memory calculates
Lmax = n x (FIFO in Bytes)/2 = n x 4096
n = number of cameras.
pixel frequency of the output signal
(longest line length + 64) n
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The software package SkLineScan

supports op-
eration and programming of the CCD line scan
camera system of Schfter +Kirchhoff in PCs with
Intel x86 and compatible processors under the op-
eration systems Windows

XP / 2000 / NT4.0
SP6, DOS

, and Linux

. For LabVIEW

there is a
VI library.
The software package contains an executable op-
erating program as well as drivers and libraries for
development of application software.
Software Package
SkLineScan

Drivers, Class Libraries for C++, DLLs,


Operating Programs, Examples
SkLineScan

operation program
With the operating program the CCD line scan
camera system can be started immediately. The
oscilloscopic diagram of the signals instantly
shows changes of the optical system and the ope-
rating parameters.
Multi-window technique allows for a simultaneous
view of CCD line scan signals in gray value and
threshold operation, in full length, and in zoomed-
in sections.
During line scans the dialog window for the
operating parameters is permanently active, so
that changes are indicated immediately.
Exposure time:
This parameter is pro-
grammed by writing a
counter stop value (CS)
into a register of the in-
terface board. The mini-
mum CS value depends
on the number of sensor
pixels (active plus pas-
sive) and is calculated by
the driver. maximum CS
value is 1023. The expo-
sure time is
tE = (CS 64) / fP, with
fP = pixel frequency
(longer exposure by ex-
ternal SOS signal)
Synchronization
In mode 1, 2 or 4 the interface
board waits for an external
synchronization signal. In
mode 3, a line scan is trig-
gered per software instruc-
tion. At external SOS an ex-
ternal TTL signal controls the
exposure time of the camera.
In the Frame Sync mode a
2D scan will be triggered.
Setup.exe
Guides the user through the installation
process
Unpacks and copies all files to target foulder
Registers the drivers in the operation system
The vertical scroll bar in the
window changes the expo-
sure time. At cameras with
integration control (shutter) a
shorter integration time can
be set with the horizontal
scroll bar.
The pixel frequency is set
by selecting a radio button.
It should not exceed the
frequency indicated in the
data sheet of the CCD line
scan camera.
With SK9192D boards the
vertical slider serves for set-
ting the signal threshold val-
ue operation.
With NoiseSuppr. the noise
suppression level is pro-
grammed.
2D scan with color line scan camera
SK 8100 DJRC and PCI interface SK9192D
Data transfer rate into PC memory up to
132 MByte/s (DMA bus master)
True-colored display after white level
balancing using the shading correction
A
B
C
D
E
Windows

2000,
C/C++
Windows

NT 4.0, 9x
C/C++
Linux

Kernel 2.2
Kernel 2.4,
C/C++
Windows

XP
Professional
C/C++
DOS

C/C++,
TurboPascal
LabVIEW

DLL
C:\>
1
2
Oszilloscopic signal display,
x-axis: pixel number, y-axis: intensity 0...255
1 Fig.
2 Dialog box in the SkLineScan

operating program
Video signal, 8 bit gray scale
Signal Signal after
shading correction
A B
A Object in transillumination
Zoomed section of
Signal of transitions E
C D
C
Exposure
time for
CS = 1023
t
Emax
[ms]
Programmable minimum exposure time
Pixel no.*
CS
min
Pixel
frequency
[MHz]
t
E
[ms]
512
9
1024
17
2048
33
5150
83
t
E
[ms]
t
E
[ms]
t
E
[ms]
*) plus a sensor specific number of passive pixels
2.5
5
7.5
10
15
20
30
40
0.230
0.115
0.077
0.058
0.038
0.023
0.019
0.014
0.435
0.218
0.145
0.109
0.073
0.054
0.036
0.027
0.845
0.422
0.282
0.211
0.141
0.106
0.07
0.053
2.125
1.062
0.708
0.531
0.354
0.266
0.177
0.133
26.2
13.1
8.73
6.55
4.36
3.27
2.18
1.64
Programming
CCD line scan camera interface boards
The software package SK91PCI contains DLLs
and class libraries. On this base the user can cre-
ate own application software under Windows XP
/ 2000 / NT SP4, Linux, and DOS.
Recommended programming platforms are MS Vi-
sual C++, Borland C++Builder under Windows and
g++ under Linux. The Windows-DLLs are usable
also under Delphi and LabVIEW.
Example programs and documented source
Online adjustment and control of parameters
and operation of camera and interface
Oszilloscopic diagram of the CCD line scan
signals, including zoom function
Documentation: graphics as bitmap file,
data in ASCII and binary format
Immediate start-up of the CCD line scan
camera system through the SkLineScan

operating program
Operation modes
Gray value and threshold processing,
2-dimensional scanning
Class library for C++ with comfortable
methods for camera programming
Demonstration of the shading correction
and of the window function
Individual pixel gain for odd-even pixels and
RGB pixels for white balancing
Multi-threading - parallel processing of
several camera interface boards in one PC
Direct access from user layer to DMA memo-
ry under Windows

XP/2000/NT, and Linux

Online processing of line blocks in DMA


bus master operation mode
Initialize camera and interface board
Reconfiguration to standard
Clearing FIFO memory
Allocate memory in user area
Release memory
Reset interface board
struct sk_interface
*
)
The class library contains more than 100 methods to work with
the CCD line scan camera system. The sample shown here is to
give a review. With the DLLs all known C library functions can be
used.
Csk Base class
Class library for C++ *
)
Communication structure for the driver
::Camera
::SetDefaults
::ClearFifo
::AllocBuffer
::FreeBuffer
::Reset
::SetExposureTime
::SetIntegrationTime
::SetPixelFrequency
::SetLineFrequency
::SetSyncMode
::SetFrameSync
::SetWindow
::SetSCM
Set exposure time in ms
Set integration time in ms
Set the pixel frequency
Set line frequency in kHz
Set synchronizaton mode
Set ext. synchronization of frame
Program a signal window
Program shading correction memory
Name of current camra
Sensor pixel hight
Sensor pixel width
Current exposure time in ms
Current pixe frequency in kHz
Current line frequency in kHz
Pointer to data set in DMA memory
Pointer to data set in user memory
::GetCamType
::GetPixHeight
::GetPixWidth
::GetExposureTime
::GetPixelFrequency
::GetLineFrequency
::GetDmaBufferPtr
::GetUserBufferPtr
::LineScanView
::TransitionsView
::AreaScanView
CskInit : Csk Initializing class
CskInfo : Csk Information class
CskCtrl : Csk Control class
::SingleLineScan
::AreaScan
::AreaScanPrepare
::WaitForScan
::OnlineDma
Get a single line scan
Acquire a 2D scan
Prepare a 2D scan
Wait for end of scan
Activate online DMA operation
CskRecord : Csk Acquisition class
CskView : Csk View class
Display a line scan signal
Display level transition
Display an area scan
The software package SkLineScan

contains the
operating program (with source code), drivers,
DLLs, class libraries for C++, and programming
examples.
Software package
SkLineScan

for
Line scan camera
systems made by
Schfter+Kirchhoff
SK91PCI-WIN
SK91PCI-LX
SK91PCI-DOS
SK91PCI-LV
Order Code Software package for op. system
Windows XP/2000/NT 4.0, DOS
Linux 2.0 / 2.2 / 2.4
DOS
LabVIEW VI library
for PCI bus systems (digital camera, interface boards)
Flow diagram for camera acquisition
creat an object of base class Csk
pSk = new Csk
initialize camera and interface board
pSkInit = new CskInit, pSkInit->Camera
objects for control and acquisition
pSkCtrl = new CskCtrl, pSkGet= new CskRecord
get one line scan
pSkGet->SingleLineScan
display signal: pSkView = new CskView
pSkView->LineScanView
scan finished?
program the exposure time
pSkCtrl->SetExposureTime
codes of the operating programs help getting
started with programming.
With the methods of the class libraries, the inter-
face boards can be initialized and the line scan
parameters can be set comfortably. For example,
the method CskCtrl::SetExposureTime with the
parameter TimeMs programs the interface board
with optimal CS value and pixel frequency divider.
All on-board functions of the boards such as sha-
ding correction, window function, and threshold
processing are supported.
Software and Tools for LVDS Interface
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25
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Shading correction
The SkLineScan

operation program controls the


shading correction automatically or manually.
Automatic mode: The program acquires some line
scans of a white calibration object. The averaged
pixel intensities are the reference for the shading
correction of the following scans. The shading cor-
rection scales the intensity of each pixel of the ref-
erence scan to 255 (8 bit resolution). Non-uniform
illumination as well as possibly different sensitivi-
ties are compensated (see figure 2b).
Manual mode: The user can set individual pixel
gains for the RGB lines of a color line sensor or for
odd/even pixel at b/w cameras.
The CCD line scan camera interface boards of
Schfter+Kirchhoff transport the digitized line
scan camera data in the busmaster DMA (direct
memory access) via the PCI bus directly in the
physical PC memory. Because Windows XP/2000/
NT are virtual operating systems, the user has no
direct memory access on the physical memory of
the PC.
The memory in the virtual address range, which
appears for the user as a cohesive memory, con-
sists in real terms of many distributed segments of
the physical memory of the PC, whose sizes and
positions are determined by the operating system
and are not known a-priori. The software driver of
Schfter+Kirchhoff determines these memory
areas and offers to the programmer comfortable
methods for the processing of camera data.
Data transfer
The data memory for a 2D-scan is reserved in the
user layer. Preparing the DMA process the SK driver
in the scatter/gather procedure determines all
physical memory segments of the image buffer and
internally (kernel layer) stores their address and size
in a table (memory descriptor list - MDL). The scan
process is finished if all MDL entries were
processed. Then the image is completely in the 2D-
scan buffer. The CPU is loaded with less than 4%.
Scatter/gather technique
User Mode Kernel Mode
Memory
Descriptor List (MDL)
L
Line Scan
Buffer
User Mode System
Virtual Physical
Address Memory
VAd 0 PhysAd 0
VAd 1 PhysAd 1
. .
. . .
VAd N PhysAd M
TC0 In-
terrupt
Scatter/Gather Memory Managing
1
2a
2b
Dialog for shading correction in the SkLineScan program
RGB signal of the SK8100DJRC color camera uncorrected.
RGB signal of the SK8100DJRC color camera after white
balance with automatic shading correction.
1
2a
2b
DMA online operation
In DMA online operating mode a continuous phy-
sical memory is mapped into the virtual address
space. The user is assigned a virtual address by
the driver, with which he can access the data di-
rectly. Thus the DMA process is even more effi-
cient than the
scatter/ gather
process. The
CPU load is
lower than
1%. .
A limitation is
the size of the
physically connected memory. On system start, a
maximum of 4 MByte is assigned for DMA online
operations.
This method is suitable for continuous acquisition
and evaluation of line scan signals in small to medi-
um block sizes. The interface board operates as
sensor without temporal limit and writes cyclical-
ly into the DMA memory in a ring buffer process.
During acquisition the user is connected online
with the DMA process. After each filled block he
receives an event and can evaluate the recorded
DMA block with direct access to the data.
3
Kernel-Mode
Physical
Memory
PhysAd 0
TC0-
Interrupt
VAd0
VAd1
Direct Memory Access
User-Mode
Virtual
Address
Space L
DMA-Block
0
DMA-Block
1
PhysAd 1
CPU Usage CPU Usage History
Multi object concept
Online process control with CCD line scan cameras
DMA Block 1/ Evaluation
DMA Block 2/ Evaluation
done+1 done+1
Special hardware functions of the PCI bus
interface boards made by Schfter+Kirchhoff
together with the SkLineScan

software offer
the user efficient solutions for realizing online
measuring tasks.
If more than two blocks are set up, a time delay
can be compensated for by the evaluation of a
block by faster processing of the following blocks.
For the continuous capture and evaluation of the
camera data there is no time limitation.
To assure the online processing of two blocks with-
out data leakage the data evaluation for one DMA
block must be completed with the exposure of n
CCD line scan signals.
n 2n 3n 4n
Line clock
Acquisition 1
Acquisition 2
Evaluation 1
Evaluation 2
DMA counter
done = 0 +1 +1 +1 +1
The DMA busmaster ability of the CCD line
scan camera interfaces permits continuous
acquisition of camera data with a CPU load of less
then 1% . The CPU is free for other tasks such
as the evaluation of the camera data and control
of external devices. The data are written cyclically
into a physically connected memory area.
The DMA memory is divided into equally sized
blocks; the size is determined with a program-
mable number of lines n. The number of blocks is
at least two up to the number of lines in the DMA
memory, i.e., the smallest possible block size is
exactly one line.
While the interface board writes into a block, data
in other blocks can be processed. When a DMA
block is filled, an event and the virtual address of
the filled block are reported to the user.
With this virtual address the user can access the
camera data directly.
3
In the multi object concept of the SkLineScan

software, up to four data acquisition objects, each


having their own memory in the users range, can
be determined for each interface board. The size
of the memory areas can be different and in the
static operating mode can even have different
functional meanings .
For example:
A
of the CCD line scan signals. For this purpose a
large linear memory in the user area is split into
several objects.
The interface board writes repeatedly into these
memory areas. After each object the user receives
an event and can evaluate the data. But because
of the scatter/gather process the data acquisition
Parallel operation of several interface boards
In a PC up to 4 interface boards can be operated
in parallel, and can be synchronized mutually.
In the busmaster DMA the PCI bus interface trans-
fers the data immediately after their appearance in
the FIFO in double word blocks (= 4 pixels) into the
PC memory. Normally the FIFO will not overflow,
as the data transfer speed of 132 MByte/s is higher
than the pixel frequency of the CCD line scan
camera. If, however, several interface boards
operate parallel in one computer or the bus is busy
with other system activities, the FIFO can overflow,
and data can be lost. In a 2D-scan this leads to a
line displacement in an image. A FIFO-full-inter-
rupt will be triggered.
Maximum pixel frequency with parallel opera-
tion of several PCI bus interface boards, tested
with: PC, CPU Intel P III, 800MHz, 128 MByte
RAM, Operating system WIN NT 4.0, SP6, CCD
line scan camera: SK 512 DPD, (512 pixels), max.
pixel frequency 40 MHz, line frequency 70kHz,
Test image: 1000 lines per channel and board.
0 2D area scan
1 Single line scan
2 Threshold mode
3 free
Object No. Example Multi object acquisition
Static mode
Camera
SK4096DPD
Interface
SK9192D
LL
L
L
L
L
A
3
Multi-Object-Acquisition
Dynamic Mode
L L
line number
i
i+j
i+j+k
i+j+k+l
Event
e 0
e 1
e 2
e 3
L
L
L
L
B
Line Scan Buffer
Object No. Size
0 i Lines
1 j Lines
2 k Lines
3 l Lines
Interface
SK9192D
Camera
SK4096DPD
In static mode a scan process is completed after
a cycle. In the dynamic operating mode
,
the
multi-object concept can be used for a continu-
ous data acquisition and for blockwise evaluation
B
Maximum pixel frequency / line frequency (SK 512 DPD)
40 MHz / 70kHz
40 MHz / 70kHz
26 MHz / 46kHz
26 MHz / 46kHz
30 MHz / 52kHz
30 MHz / 52kHz
30 MHz / 52kHz
20 MHz / 35kHz
SK 9192 D SK 9190 D board
number: 1
2
3
4
is less efficient as in the DMA online operating
mode.
DMA memory
Evaluate
0 n 2n lines
Data Acquisition DMA Initialisation
lines =n, done =0
block 1 block 2
S
2
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26
2008 E
Relative spectral responsitivity of several CCD line scan cameras
0.0
1.0
400 700 500 600
Wavelength (nm)
R
e
la
t
iv
e

s
e
n
s
it
iv
it
y
Color line scan
camera series JRC
Line scan camera
series JR
Enhanceded blue and
green responsitivity
Line scan camera
series SD
Typical spectral respon-
sitivity of silicium CCD
1.0
0.0
400 600 800 1000
Wavelength (nm)
R
e
la
t
iv
e

s
e
n
s
it
iv
it
y
.0
0.0
400 600
Wavelength (nm)
800 1000
Color line scan camera
series JRC:
Color sensor with selective
RGB responsitivity. For main-
taining the full dynamic range
of blue and green, with a con-
version filter (FCC-KB3-49)
the responsitivity for red is re-
duced.
For true color reproduction a
white balance operation is
accomplished with the inter-
face board SK9190.
3 2 1
R
e
la
t
iv
e

s
e
n
s
it
iv
it
y
R
e
la
t
iv
e

s
e
n
s
it
iv
it
y
R
e
la
t
iv
e

s
e
n
s
it
iv
it
y
nc
GND
(+12V) + 15 V
+ 5 V
(-12V) - 15 V
SOS +
MCLK +
Analog CCD Line Scan Cameras
No.
1
CCD Line Scan
Camera
Order code
SK512SD
Interface
1
Pixels
Max.
pixel
frequency
2
512
3
10 MHz
2
3
4
5
SK1024SD
SK2048JRI
SK2048SD
SK3072JRC
1024
2048
10 MHz
5 MHz
2048
3072
10 MHz
6 MHz
Max.
line
frequency
Video
signal
4
18.45 kHz
5
1/1-10 V
Pixel
size
Active
length
6
14x14m
7
7.17 mm
Anti-
Bloom
Integr.
Ctrl.
8
1
9
1
Dynamic
range
(RMS)
Power
supply
10
1:1500
11
+5V, +12V, -12V
9.48 kHz
2.37 kHz
1/1-10 V
1/1-10 V
4.80 kHz
1.85 kHz
1/1-10 V
1/1-4 V
14x14m
14x14m
14.30 mm
28.70 mm
14x14m
12x14m
28.70 mm
28.70 mm
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
1:1500
1:500
+5V, +12V, -12V
+5V, +12V, -12V
1:1500
1:500
+5V, +12V, -12V
+5V, +12V, -12V
Case
type
Lens
thread
12
RA1
13
C-Mount
RA1
RA2
C-Mount
M40x0.75
RA2
RA2
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
Connector type 1
CCD line scan camera video signal
Analog pixel frequency max. 10 MHz
Analog video signal (one channel) to BNC
connector (fem.). Control signals and po-
wer supply via D-SUB connector. Readout
potentiometer for signal offset and ampli-
fication on the camera back plane.
Analog
B/W
B/W
B/W
B/W
Analog line scan cameras emit video data as
analog voltage values. For processing the video
data in a PC, the analog video signal is trans-
ferred via cable to the PC interface board where
it is digitized. After pre-processing operations
on-board, the digitized data are transmitted to
the PC memory, where further handling takes
place.
1. Offset: Offset is adjusted with shaded sen-
sor. With the potentiometer the signal is
set to 0 Volt.
2. Gain: With the maximum output voltage
of the camera is specified. For this the sensor
is slightly overexposed, so that the limitation
becomes visible.
The maximum output voltage by default is set
to approx. 1.1 V or aligned with the input volt-
age range of the PC interface board by
Schfter+Kirchhoff.
The adjustment can be accomplished with help
of the oscilloscopic display of the SkLineScan
software. A
P1
P2
Backside: analog line scan camera
Connector pin assignment
BNC
connector (fem.)
Video out
screen
GND
LVAL-
LVAL+
CCLK-
CCLK+
SOS -
MCLK -
D SUB 15-polig
A
1
C
C D
D
o 9
o 10
o 11
o 12
o 13
o 14
o 15
1 o
2 o
3 o
4 o
5 o
6 o
7 o
8 o
2
Interface
PCI bus
PC
with PCI slot
1
Analog
Software
Dimensions
for Windows XP/2000, Windows/LabVIEW, Linux
CCD line scan camera, s.table
PC interface SK9180, SK9190
LineScan grabber for analog
CCD line scan cameras
2
1
Cable set: SK9017.3 FF,
Software: SK91PCI-WIN,-LV,
SK91PCI-LX
4
3
3
4
Manual gain/offset adjustment is accom-
plished with trimming resistors and
at the camera backside.
P2 P1
P1 P2
Gain / offset adjustment
System components Order Codes
The Software packages SK91PCI-WIN and
SK91PCI-LX for Windows XP/2000 and Linux,
respectively, include the SkLineScan

soft-
ware for instant startup of the line scan came-
ra, as well as a Software Development Kit (SDK)
for the development of user application soft-
ware.
Oscilloscopic display: Tool for adjustment
of focus and aperture, as well as for evaluating
the field flattening of the lens and the orientati-
on of illumination and sensor.
Zoom function for display of each individual
pixel. B
A
Software SK91PCI-WIN, SK91PCI-LX
SK512SD
SK1024SD
SK2048SD
SK2048DJRI
monochrome
SK3072JRC
Color
Accessories: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Page
Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Lens adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Focus adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Camera mounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Connection cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
B
*
Camera flange focal length
*
Camera flange focal length
Analog CCD line scan camera, case group: RA1
Lens thread: C-Mount
Analog CCD line scan camera, case group: RA2
lens thread M40 x 0.75
* *
PC interface SK9180,SK9190 for analog
CCD line scan cameras
LineScan grabber for analog
CCD line scan cameras, PCI
bus, pre-processing on-board:
shading correction, windowing,
thresholding; extern sync.
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27
2008 E
Smart Line Scan Camera - Stand-alone measuring system
C Camera mount,
Clamp set
D Connectors:
USB A, D SUB
B C A
USB 2.0
+
Analog,
RS 232
The Smart line scan camera SK2048IJR is a
stand-alone measuring system for measuring
widths and edge positions without connection
to a PC. The output of measuring data is done
via RS232 interface or analog. In addition, a
switching output indicates whether the mea-
sured width or edge position lies within a
previously defined range or not. Measured
values are read out via serial interface. The
analog output displays measuring data as volt-
age. The range maximum corresponds to a
voltage of 3.3 V. The camera starts with its
measuring task immediately after connection to
its power supply.
For alignment of the optical system and for ad-
justment of the camera parameter the camera
Dimensions Camera back plane
Lens thread:
M40 x 0.75
Flange focal length:
19.5 mm
Connector:
USB Typ A,
D-Sub 15-polig D2
D1
GND Power
Output 1
GND
RS232 RX
+ 5V, 500 mA Power
Output 2
Analog Output
RS232 TX
D SUB 15 pin
o 9
o 10
o 11
o 12
o 13
o 14
o 15
1 o
2 o
3 o
4 o
5 o
6 o
7 o
8 o
D2
Output 1, Output 2: Open Collector , max 24 Volt
Analog Output: 0 - 3,3 V
Camera Type: SK 512 XSD
Order Code
Sensor: CCD linear
Pixel number: 2048
Pixel size: 14 m x 14 m
Pixel distance: 14 m
Line width: 14 m
Active length: 28.7 mm
Pixel frequency: maximum 10 MHz
Line frequency: maximum 4.74 kHz
minimum 0.02 kHz
Integration time: minimum 0.003 ms
maximum 52 ms
Dynamic range: 1 : 500 (rms)
Spectral range: 400 - 1000 nm
Technical Data
SK 2048 IJR
Principle: thresholding operation mode
edge positions with sub-pixel-accuracy
Reproducable accuracy
Measuring frequency up to 3.3 kHz
Configuration: Notebook or PC with USB 2.0,
measuring: stand-alone,
output: 2 x digital, 1 x analog
Measurement
categories: width, dark object
width, bright object
center position of width
position, low-high edge
position, high-low edge
setup mode: USB 2.0
RS232
Digital Out 1
Digital Out 2
Anlog Out
ext. Sync in
5 V, 500 mA
measuring
Smart Line
Scan Camera
SK 2048 IJR
M
a
c
h
i
n
e

C
o
n
t
r
o
l
S
P
S
D1 D2
is connected to a PC via USB2.0 interface. The
oscilloscopic display in the SKLineScan
program serves as a tool for the adjustment of
focus and aperture setting, as well as for
evaluating the field flattening of the lens and the
orientation of illumination and sensor.
Integration time and thresholding parameters
remain stored in the camera and are active in
the measuring mode even after disconnection
from the PC.
ICControlDlg
Dialog ICControlDlg for selection measuring
sizes and valid range for each of the three out-
puts in measuring mode. In setup mode mea-
suring is simulated.
F
E
I/O interfaces
Connector pin assignment
USB 2.0, RS 232
Inputs: Extern Sync.
Outputs Measuring mode:
2 x digital ( open collector )
1 x analog (0...3.3 V)
Setup mode:
Video signal digital, 8 Bit, via USB 2.0
Power supply:
+5 V, 500 mA, 2.5 W
Smart line scan camera SK2048IJR
Lens thread: M40 x 0.75
D
A Smart Line Scan Camera
USB2.0, RS232,
Analog
B Lens
monochrome
2048 Pixel, 14m
SK2048IJR
Interface:
Accessories: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Page
Lens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Lens adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Focus adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Camera mounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
E
Smart line scan camera
with USB 2.0, RS 232 and analog interface
1.0
0,8
0,6
0,4
0,2
0
R
e
l
a
t
i
v
e

R
e
s
p
o
n
s
i
t
i
v
i
t
y
Ta= 25C
400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Wavelength (nm)
Typical spectral responsitivity
Oszilloscopic display of the Smart Camera
SK9190USB - SK 2048 IJR
SK9190USB - SK 2048 IJR
995.40 1095.47
Signaldarstellung und Mewertanzeige der Smart-
Kamera im Einstellmodus
SK9190USB - SK 2048 IJR
F
D out 1: Width= 100.07 TRUE
D out 2: FALSE
Analog out: High-Low= 995.40 2.149 V
S
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28
2008 E
Line Scan Cameras with Time Delayed Integration
(TDI) technology have a sensitivity 96 times higher,
compared to conventional line scan cameras. Parti-
cularly in case of dim objects (e.g. wafer inspection with dark field
illumination) TDI cameras achieve significantly higher measure-
ment and scan velocities. The pre-condition for use of a TDI ca-
mera is the movement of the test object in a preferential direc-
tion at a defined velocity (see below).
TDI Line Scan Cameras
(Time Delayed Integration)
No.
1
CCD Line Scan
Camera
Order code
SK1024GTDI
2
3
4
SK2048GTDI
SK4096GTDI-XL
SK1024CTDI
Interface
1
Pixels
Max.
pixel
frequency
2
1024 x 96
3
50 MHz
2048 x 96
4096 x 96
60 MHz
60 MHz
1024 x 96 50 MHz
5
6
7
SK2048CTDI
SK4096CTDI-XL
SK1024ZTDI
8
9
SK2048ZTDI
SK4096ZTDI-XL
2048 x 96
4096 x 96
100 MHz
100 MHz
1024 x 96 50 MHz
2048 x 96
4096 x 96
60 MHz
60 MHz
Max.
line
frequency
Video
signal
4
43.40 kHz
5
8/12 Bit
Pixel
size
Active
length
6
13x13m
7
13.30 mm
27.00 kHz
14.00 kHz
8 Bit
8 Bit
43.40 kHz 8/12 Bit
13x13m
13x13m
26.60 mm
53.20 mm
13x13m 13.30 mm
Anti-
Bloom
Integr.
Ctrl.
8
1
9
0
Dynamic
range
(RMS)
Power
supply
10
1:2500
11
+5V, +15V
1
1
0
0
1 0
1:2500
1:2500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1:2500 +5V, +15V
43.40 kHz
22.30 kHz
2*8 Bit
2*8 Bit
43.40 kHz 8/12 Bit
13x13m
13x13m
26.60 mm
53.20 mm
13x13m 13.30 mm
26.80 kHz
14.00 kHz
8 Bit
8 Bit
13x13m
13x13m
26.60 mm
53.20 mm
1
1
0
0
1 0
1:2500
1:2500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1:5000 +5V, +15V, -15V
1
1
0
0
1:5000
1:5000
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V,-15V
Case
type
Lens
thread
12
BG2
13
M40x0.75
BG2
CG5
M40x0.75
M72x0.75
AC2 M40x0.75
AC2
CC5
M40x0.75
M72x0.75
AL2 M40x0.75
AL2
CL5
M40x0.75
M72x0.75
LVDS
Dimensions GigE CCD line scan camera, case group: BG1
BG5
D1
L2
L3 - Camera flange focal length
front view
L1
D2
CCD Line Sensor
Depth 6.5 mm
Pixel
No. 1
Modular
interface concept
TDI principle
optical scheme
LVDS
To achieve a sharp image of the
scanned surface, the exact
synchronization of the trans-
port speed with exposure time
and magnification is necessary.
The optimum transport speed
is calculated with the formula
pixel 1
pixel 1
line 1
line 96
line 96
line 1
Spectral responsitivity Synchronization mode for TDI cameras
charge transfer
TDI-Sensor
Lens
i
n
t
e
n
s
i
t
y
Multiple exposure
of a moving object
Object
Case D1 (Lens mount) L1 (mm) L2 (mm) D2 (mm) L3 (mm)
BG1 C-Mount 52 11 42 17,5
BX5 M45x0,75 64 19,7 47,5 26,8
The principle of TDI technology is based on the time delayed
multiple exposure of a moving object. The sensor is composed
of 96 CCD lines, arranged in parallel. At the end of each ex-
posure period the charges are shifted to the adjacent CCD line
(see fig. charge transfer). During the following exposure pe-
riods further charges are acquired and added to the already
existing charges, and their sum is again shifted to the next line.
Finally after 96 exposures the sum is put out as video signal.
Through an object movement synchronous (and parallel) to the
line-wise charge transfer, a 96-fold multiple exposure is actu-
ally achieved. After an exposure period, the object is hereby
moved far enough so that it is mapped trough the lens onto
the respective next sensor line, that is, where the charges from
the previous period were also transported.
TM
WP

VO =
tB
VO = object velocity
WP = pixel width
= magnification power
t B = exposure time
GigE CCD line scan camera, case group: CG5
Lens thread M72x0.75
lateral view back view
Monochrome TDI line scan cameras by Schfter+Kirchhoff
max. max. active
CKamera- pixel line sensor
Type pixel frequency frequency length
SK1024GTDI 1024 x 96 50 MHz 43.4 kHz 13.3 mm
SK2048CTDI 2048 x 96 100 MHz 43.4 kHz 26.6 mm
SK4096CTDI-XL 4096 x 96 100 MHz 22.3 kHz 53.2 mm
400
0
20
40
60
80
100
600 800
Wavelength (nm)
R
e
l
a
t
i
v
e

S
e
n
s
i
t
i
v
i
t
y

(
%
)
1000
SK4096GTDI-XL
Focus adapter
FA26-S45
Makro lens for 1:1
Apo-Rodagon
D1x 4.0/75
SK2048CTDI
Focus adapter FA22-40
Scan lens
Apo-Rodagon N 4,0/80
Camera mount SK5105
SK1024GTDI
SK2048GTDI
Interface:
TM
LVDS
SK1024CTDI
SK2048CTDI
Interface:
SK1024ZTDI
SK2048ZTDI
Interface:
SK4096GTDI-XL
Interface:
SK4096CTDI-XL
Interface:
SK4096ZTDI-XL
Interface:
TM
LVDS
5
27 DB (8x)/5x7
7
49
75/M4
60/6.5
84
75/M4
3
4
/
M
4
/
4
x
9
0

6
8
x
4
6
4
6
x
6
8
M
7
2
x
0
.
7
5
12
8
L
e
n
s
m
o
u
n
t
M
7
2
x
0
.7
5
Depth 6.5 mm
M3 (4x)
65
6 2.5
17.5
5
8
6
5


6
5
4
1
.
7
5
0
/
M
3
/
4
x
9
0

Accessories: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Page
Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Lens adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Focus adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Camera mounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Connection cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
*
Camera flange focal length 8 mm
*
S
2
8
-
2
9
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29
2008 E
Power supply cable
SK9015... for CCD
line scan cameras
with GigE Vision
TM
interface
Shielded cable with connector Lum-
berg SV60 (male, 6-pol.) and Hirose
HR10A (female, 6-pol.)
SK9015.1,5MF Order Code
TDI line scan camera SK4096GTDI with LED
dark field illumination: Inspection of a surface
mirror for scratches and dirt.
L
e
n
s
m
o
u
n
t
M
7
2
x
0
.7
5
5
2.7 DB(8x) /5x7 7
31 75/M4
60/6.5
84
75/M4
3
4
/
M
4
/
4
x
9
0

6
8
x
4
6
4
6
x
6
8
M
7
2
x
0
.
7
5
12
8
L
e
n
s
m
o
u
n
t
M
7
2
x
0
.7
5
5
2.7 DB(8x) /5x7
7
28 75/M4
60/6.5
84
75/M4
3
4
/
M
4
/
4
x
9
0

6
8
x
4
6
4
6
x
6
8
M
7
2
x
0
.
7
5
12
8
Application TDI line scan cameras: dark field illumination
Dark field illumination
In industrial image processing, dark field illu-
mination is particularly used for examination of
highly reflecting surfaces.The light beam under
a flat angle of incidence hits the surface of the
test object. The beam is reflected and misses
the camera lens. With
an immaculate sur-
face the object
appears completely
dark. At surface irreg-
ularities, e.g. scratch-
es and cracks, but
dust, lint and dirt as
well, a small part of the
light is scattered dif-
fusely towards the
lens and is displayed on the sensor. Tiny irreg-
ularities can be detected scarcely under the res-
Dimensions CameraLink CCD line scan camera, case group: AC1
AC2
D1
L2
L3 - Flange focal length
L1
D2
CCD Line Sensor Depth 6.5 mm
Pixel No. 1
M3 (4x)
Case
AC1
AC2
D1 (Lens mount)
C-Mount
L1 (mm)
52.40
M40 x 0,75 54.00
L2 (mm)
11.10
D2 (mm)
42.00
12.70 42.00
L3 (mm)
17.54
19.50
Dimensions
D1 L2
L3 - Camera flange focal length
L1
D2
CCD Line Sensor Tiefe 6.5 mm
Pixel No. 1
M3 (4x)
LVDS CCD line scan camera, case group: AL1
AL2
LVDS CCD line scan camera, case group: CL5
Lens thread: M72 x 0.75
Case
AL1
AL2
D1 (Lens mount)
C-Mount
L1 (mm)
49.40
M40 x 0,75 51.00
L2 (mm)
11.10
D2 (mm)
42.00
12.70 42.00
L3 (mm)
17.54
19.50
front view lateral view back plane
front view lateral view back plane
olution limit of the lens. Equally to the obser-
vation of a fixed star, the image is not com-
pletely sharp anymore, however the elucidation
in the image is still noticeable.
Image acquisition with dark field illumination at
reflecting surfaces is typically faint. Therefore
with conventional line scan cameras substan-
tially longer integration times have to be set,
compared to, for example, directed bright field
illumination (see page 34) or image acquisition
of a strongly vague reflecting object. This leads
to low horizontal line frequencies and low scan
velocity.
The highly sensitive TDI line scan cameras are
particular beneficial here. With the same illumi-
nation power considerably higher measuring
and scan velocities can be achieved.
Application fields:
Surface examination of highly reflective mate-
rials e.g. wafers or surface mirrors.
Highlighting of contours, scratches, cracks,
dust particles and dirt.
Power
Hirose series 10A, 6-pin, male,
+5 V , 700 mA / +15 V, 50 mA
Pin Signal
1 +15 V
2 +15 V
3 +5 V
Pin Signal
4 +5 V
5 GND
6 GND
Data:
RJ45 connector
for Gigabit Ethernet
cable, specification
CAT 6
Pin
I/O connector
Hirose series 10 A,
12-pin, male
Pin Signal
1 GND
8 FrameSync
10 LineSync
dark
field
2
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11 12
2
1
3 4
5
6
2
1
3 4
5
6
Camera back plane Camera back plane
Accessories
Camera back plane
LVDS
Data:
Miniature
Centronics,
36pin, male
P1
P2
Gain / Offset
P1: Gain single /
odd
P2: Offset single/
Gain even
Power consumption:
+ 5 V 360 mA
+15 V 65 mA
- 12 V 30 mA
1
1
1
2
2
3 1
1
2
3
1
Data:
Mini D Ribbon,
26pin, female
Power
Hirose series 10 A,
6-pin, male,
+ 5 V, 430 mA /
+15 V, 35 mA
Pin Signal
1 +15V
2 +15V
3 +5V
Pin Signal
4 +5V
5 GND
6 GND
2
CameraLink CCD line scan camera, case group: CC5
Lens thread: M72 x 0,75
Camera Data / Control cable
*
Camera flange focal length 8mm
*
*
Camera flange focal length 8mm
*
CAT6 cable for
CCD line scan
cameras with GigE
Vision
TM
interface
Shielded CAT6 patch
cable, halogen-free, both sides with
RJ45 connectors for Gigabit Ethernet
CAT6.3 Order Code
max. length = 100 m
External synchroniza-
tion cable for CCD
line scan cameras
with GigE Vision
TM
interface
BNC coaxial cable with Hirose con-
nector HR10A (female, 12 pol.)
SK9024.3 Order Code
S
3
0
-
3
1
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C
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30
2008 E
CCD Line Scan
Camera
No.
1
2
Order code
SK6288GKOC
SK6288GKOC-XL
Interface Pixels
Max.
pixel
frequency
1 2
3 x 2096
3
60 MHz
3 x 2096 60 MHz
Max.
line
frequency
Video
signal
Pixel
size
Active
length
4
9.28 kHz
5
8/12 Bit
9.28 kHz 8/12 Bit
6
14x14m
7
29.30 mm
14x14m 29.30 mm
Sensor type
Integr.
Ctrl.
Dynamic
range
(RMS)
Power
supply
8
tripple line
9
1
tripple line 1
10
1:2500
11
+5V, +15V
1:2500 +5V, +15V
Case
type
Lens
thread
12
BG2
13
M40x0.75
CG5 M72x0.75
3
4
5
SK8100UJRC
SK10944UJRC
SK16080UJRC-L
6
7
8
SK6288CKOC
SK6288CKOC-XL
SK3750DJRC
3 x 2700
3 x 3648
10 MHz
10 MHz
3 x 5360 10 MHz
3 x 2096
3 x 2096
60 MHz
60 MHz
3 x 1252 20 MHz
9
10
11
12
SK4096DJRC
SK6288ZKOC
SK6288ZKOC-XL
SK8100DJRC
13
14
15
SK10944DJRC
SK16080DJRC-L
SK32040DJRC-L
4096
3 x 2096
15 MHz
60 MHz
3 x 2096
3 x 2700
60 MHz
20 MHz
3 x 3648
3 x 5360
20 MHz
20 MHz
3 x 10680 15 MHz
1.20 kHz
0.89 kHz
8 Bit
8 Bit
0.62 kHz 8 Bit
8x8m
8x8m
21.60 mm
29.20 mm
8x8m 42.90 mm
9.28 kHz
9.28 kHz
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
4.80 kHz 8 Bit
14x14m
14x14m
29.30 mm
29.30 mm
8x8m 10.00 mm
tripple line
tripple line
1
1
tripple line 1
1:1000
1:1000
USB (300 mA)
USB (300 mA)
1:1000 USB (300 mA)
tripple line
tripple line
1
1
tripple line 1
1:2500
1:2500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1:1000 +5V, +15V, -15V
3.50 kHz
9.28 kHz
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
9.28 kHz
2.47 kHz
8/12 Bit
8 Bit
12x14m
14x14m
28.70 mm
29.30 mm
14x14m
8x8m
29.30 mm
21.60 mm
1.79 kHz
1.22 kHz
8 Bit
8 Bit
0.47 kHz 8 Bit
8x8m
8x8m
29.20 mm
42.90 mm
4x4m 42.72 mm
dual line
tripple line
0
1
tripple line
tripple line
1
0
1:1000
1:2500
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V
1:2500
1:1000
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
tripple line
tripple line
1
1
tripple line 0
1:1000
1:1000
+5V, +15V, -15V
+5V, +15V, -15V
1:1000 +5V, +15V, -15V
16 SK3072JRC 3 x 1024 6 MHz 1.85 kHz 1/1-4 V 12x14m 28.70 mm tripple line 0 1:500 +5V, +12V, -12V
AU2
AU2
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
AU3 M45x0.75
AC2
CC5
M40x0.75
M72x0.75
AL2 M40x0.75
AL2
AL2
M40x0.75
M40x0.75
CL5
AL2
M72x0.75
M40x0.75
AL2
AL3
M40x0.75
M45x0.75
AL3 M45x0.75
RA2 M40x0.75
LVDS
Analog
USB2.0
The color line scan cameras provide the red (R),
green (G), and blue (B) information sequentially
in one single line scan signal. A two-dimensional
color image is generated by moving the object or
the camera. Thereby the sensor properties, the
travel direction, and the travel speed have to be
accounted for:
A true-colored image requires a white balance
operation (shading correction). For this the RGB
intensities are calibrated with a white calibration
target. Furthermore particularly with sources with
a high red or infrared portion (e.g. halogen lamps)
the usage of optical filters is appropriate (e.g.
UV/IR cut filter FBP-UVIR-..., see p. 40).
object velocity =
pixel width magnification
exposure time
Dual-line sensors have two sensor lines directly
bordering on each other. One sensor line has 1024
red and 1024 blue pixels alternately. The other
sensor line has 2048 green pixels. By internal
buffering of the red-blue line, the RGB pixels are
already accurately allocated in the camera.
During object travel, an object point reaches the
blue CCD line sensor first. If the object is transla-
ted by one pixel width per cycle, after 8 line cy-
cles the green pixels are exposed. After another
8 pixels the red pixels are reached and the full
color information is acquired completely. The co-
lor information originating from different object
points has to be buffered in the computer and af-
terwards relocated correctly. The PCI interface
board SK9192D (LVDS) and the SkLineScan

software support corresponding functions.


Triple-line sensors re-
quire a line-synchro-
nous translation of the
object and a true sided
pixel allocation. If these
conditions are not ob-
served, images with co-
lor convergence aber-
rations are generated B
B
Monochrome font pattern
Line-synchronous object
transport
color convergence
aberration caused by
asynchronous object
transport
B
A
Allocation of color information
Pixel 1
CCD line
Pixel 1
Signal display - RGB sequentiell
Dual line sensors
Triple-line sensors
have 3 separate sen-
sor lines for the pri-
mary colors red (R),
green (G), and blue
(B). With up to 3x
10680 pixels triple-
line color line scan
cameras have an ex-
tremely high optical
resolution.
Pixel widths are depending on the sensor
3.5 m or 8 m. The distance in between the sen-
sor lines is 8 times the pixel width.
Advantages: Very high optical resolution. Pre-
cise color mixing at line synchronous acquisition.
For 2D image acquisition with dual-line color sen-
sor signals with 2048 x green, 1024 x red and 1024
x blue, there
are two differ-
ent alterna-
tives.
1. All green
pixels gener-
ate an image
point. The red
and blue pixels are each used twice. 2048 image
points per line are generated.
2. The red and blue pixels are used only once and
combined with the mean value of two adjacent
green pixels. 1024 image points per line are gen-
erated. The image resolution is higher in alterna-
tive 1 because twice the green pixels are used.
Pixel layout and line signal of a
3.5 m triple-line sensor
Pixel layout and line signal of data dual-line sonsor
Advantages: The properly allocated color infor-
mation is contained in one single line scan. One-
dimensional evaluation of the color information is
possible. Line frequencies up to 3.5 kHz.
A
Signal display - RGB Splitting
ROT
BLAU
GRN
Cameras with triple line and dual line sensors
Triple line sensors
2D Acquisition with Triple Line Color Sensors
CCD Color Line Scan Camera
Digital and analog
analog:
RS422
LVDS
USB 2.0
TM
SK6288GKOC
Photo lens SK1,4/50-40
(integr. locking device for
focus and aperture)
Mounting bracket
SK5105
SK6288GKOC
Interface:
TM
SK6288GKOC-XL
Interface:
TM
SKUJRC
Interface:
SK6288CKOC
Interface:
SK6288ZKOC
SKDJRC
Interface:
SK6288CKOC-XL
Interface:
USB 2.0
LVDS
SK6288ZKOC
Interface: LVDS
SK6288GKOC-XL
Focus adapter
FA26-S45
Makro lens for 1:1
Apo-Rodagon
D1x 4.0/75
2D acquisition with dual line color sensors
Modular
interface concept:
Accessories: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Page
Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Lens adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Focus adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Camera mounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Connection cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
SK6288CKOC
Focus adapter FA16-45
Scan lens
Apo-Rodagon N 4.0/80
Mounting bracket SK5105-L
S
3
0
-
3
1
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31
2008 E
400 500 700 800 600
Wavelength (nm)
0
R
e
s
p
o
n
s
i
t
i
v
i
t
y
(
V
/

J
/
c
m
2
)
100
2
1
3 4
5
6
400 600 800 1000
T
r
a
n
s
m
i
s
s
i
o
n

i
n

%
Wellenlnge in nm
100
80
60
40
20
0
Option:
UV/IR cut filter FBP-UVIR-.. (see p. 40) UV-IR cut
filters suppress unrequested UV and IR radiance.
Dimensions Camera back plane
Dimensions
GigE CCD line scan camera, case group: BG1
BG3
D1
L2
L3 - Flange focal length
front view
L1
D2
CCD Line Sensor
Depth 6.5 mm
Pixel
No. 1
GigE CCD line scan camera, case group: CG5
Lens thread M72x0.75
lateral view back view
5
27 DB (8x)/5x7
7
49 75/M4
60/6.5
84
75/M4
3
4
/
M
4
/
4
x
9
0

6
8
x
4
6
4
6
x
6
8
M
7
2
x
0
.
7
5
12
8
L
e
n
s
m
o
u
n
t
M
7
2
x
0
.7
5
Depth 6.5 mm
M3 (4x)
65
6 2.5
17.5
5
8
6
5

6
5
4
1
.
7
5
0
/
M
3
/
4
x
9
0

Dimensions CameraLink CCD line scan camera, case group: AC1


AC2
AC3
D1
L2
L3 - Flange focal length
L1
D2
CCD Line Sensor Depth 6.5 mm
Pixel No. 1
Case
AC1
AC2
AC3
D1 (Lens mount)
C-Mount
L1 (mm)
52.40
M40 x 0,75
M45 x 0,75
54.00
61.00
L2 (mm)
11.10
D2 (mm)
42.00
12.70
19.70
42.00
47.50
L3 (mm)
17.54
19.50
26.80
LVDS
Pin Signal
1 +15V
2 +15V
3 +5V
Pin Signal
4 +5V
5 GND
6 GND
Data:
RJ45 connector
for Gigabit ethernet
cable,
specification CAT 6
I/O Connector
Hirose series 10A,
12-pin, male
Pin Signal
1 GND
8 FrameSync
10 LineSync
Data:
Mini D Ribbon,
26-pin, female
CCD line scan cameras interfaces and dimensional drawings
CCD color line scan cameras spectral responsitivity
Dimensions
D1
L2
L3 - Kamera-Auflagema
L1
D2
CCD Line Sensor Tiefe 6.5 mm
Pixel No. 1
M3 (4x)
USB2.0 CCD line scan camera, case group: AU1
AU2
AU3
Case
AU1
AU2
AU3
D1 (Lens mount)
C-Mount
L1 (mm)
59.90
M40 x 0,75
M45 x 0,75
61.50
68.50
L2 (mm)
11.10
D2 (mm)
42.00
12.70
19.70
42.00
47.50
L3 (mm)
17.54
19.50
26.80
65
6 2.5
Pin Signal
1 +15V
2 +15V
3 +5V
Pin Signal
4 +5V
5 GND
6 GND
1
2
2
2
2
3 1
1
1
Dimensions
D1
L2
L3 - Flange focal length
L1
D2
CCD Line Sensor Depth 6.5 mm
Pixel No. 1
M3 (4x)
LVDS CCD line scan camera, case group: AL1
AL2
AL3
Case
AL1
AL2
AL3
D1 (Lens mount)
C-Mount
L1 (mm)
49.40
M40 x 0,75
M45 x 0,75
51.00
58.00
L2 (mm)
11.10
D2 (mm)
42.00
12.70
19.70
42.00
47.50
L3 (mm)
17.54
19.50
26.80
2
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11 12
2
1
3 4
5
6
2
1
3 4
5
6
Spectral responsitivity of triple line
scan cameras of the series SK6288...
Camera back plane
Camera back plane
0.0
1.0
400 500 600
Wavelength (nm)
R
e
l
a
t
i
v
e

s
e
n
s
i
t
v
i
t
y
Spectral respositivity of triple line
Scan Cameras of the series
SK...JRC.
Power
Hirose series 10A,
6-pin, male,
+5V , 430 mA /
+15V, 35 mA
Data:
Miniature
Centronics,
36-pin, male
P1
P2
1
Power
consumption:
+5V 360 mA
+15V 65 mA
- 12V 30 mA
Gain / Offset
P1: Gain single/
odd
P2: Offset single/
Gain even
3
1
Power
Hirose Serie 10A, 6-pin, male,
+5V , 700 mA / +15V, 50 mA
Power Supply
PS051515
Order Code
Input:
100 - 240 V AC
0,8 A
50/60 Hz
input connection acc. IEC 320 (3-pole)
Power supply cable
SK9015... for CCD
line scan cameras
with GigE Vision
TM
interface
Shielded cable with connector
Lumberg SV60 (6-pole, male) and
Hirose HR10A (6-pole, female)
SK9015.1,5MF Order Code
CAT6 cable for CCD
line scan cameras
with GigE Vision
TM
in-
terface
Shielded CAT6 patch
cable, halogen-free, both sides with
RJ45 connector for Gigabit Ethernet
CAT6.3 Order Code
max. length = 100 m
External synchro-
nization cable for
CCD line scan
cameras with GigE
Vision
TM
interface
BNC coaxial cable with hirose
connector HR10A (12-pole, female)
SK9024.3 Order Code
Accessories
Camera
Data / control cable
external power supply
4
1
.
7
Case
BG1
BG3
D1 (Lens mount) L1 (mm)
C-Mount
M45 x 0,75
71.10
79.70
L2 (mm) D2 (mm)
11.10
19.70
42.00
47.50
L3 (mm)
17.54
26.80
*
Camera flange focal length 8mm
*
Line scan camera family for line sensors up to 60 mm active length
The entire industrial grade opto-mechanical unit is composed of line scan cameras with
bodies of the series -XL, high-precision focus adapter FA26-S45 and scan or macro
lenses with minimum focal lengths of f = 50 mm.
Cameras of the series -XL come as monochrome, color and TDI version, with a modular
interface concept for
The camera body is equipped with an adapter flange for docking the Schfter+Kirchhoff
focus adapter FA26-S45 and the lens thread M72x0.75 for adapting to tubes and focus
adapters, e.g. by LINOS and Edmund Optics.
LVDS
USB2.0
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32
2008 E
CCD Line Scan Camera Family -XL
7500 Pixel, 7 m
SK7500CTO-XL
Interface:
SK7500GTO-XL
Interface:
TM
SK7500DTO-XL
Interface: LVDS
SK7500UTO-XL
Interface: USB2.0
6288 Pixel, 14 m
3 x 2096 RGB
SK6288CKOC-XL
Interface:
SK6288GKOC-XL
Interface:
TM
SK6288ZKOC-XL
Interface: LVDS
4096 Pixel, 10 m
SK4096CPD-XL
Interface:
SK4096GPD-XL
Interface:
TM
SK4096DPD-XL
Interface: LVDS
4096 x 96 Pixel,
13m
SK4096CTDI-XL
Interface:
SK4096GTDI-XL
Interface:
TM
SK4096ZTDI-XL
Interface: LVDS
monochrome
monochrome
Color
Configuration example:
Focus Adapter FA26-S45
Lens thread M45x0.75
Camera body ( version)
mounted with focus adapter
FA26-S45
Camera body ( version)
mounted with focus adapter FA26-S45
Intermediate ring ZR-L60, adapter M45-39 and
macro lens for 1:1 reproduction
Adapter M39-45
Intermediate ring ZR-L60
Scan or
macro lens
with thread
M39 x1/26
Modular interface concept:
Versions with , , and interface
7500 pixels (pixel size 7m x 7 m) and 4096 pixels (10 x 10 m)
line scan cameras with 4096x96 pixels (13x13 m), see p. 28
camera with 6288 pixels (R, G and B each 2096), see p. 30
monochrome
LVDS USB2.0
Page
Scan and macro lenses . . . . . . . 36/37
Optical filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Illumination components . . . . . . . . 41
Connection cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Fundamentals/formula for lens selection . . . . 39
Basic principles for illumination . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Application:
TDI line scan camera and
Dark field illumination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Large Area Scan Macroscop . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Color
Accessories
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33
2008 E
No.
1
CCD Line Scan
Camera
Order code
SK7500GTO-XL
Interface
1
Pixels
Max.
pixel
frequency
2
7500
3
40 MHz
2
3
4
SK7500UTO-XL
SK7500CTO-XL
SK7500DTO-XL
5
6
7
SK4096GTDI-XL
SK4096CTDI-XL
SK4096ZTDI-XL
7500
7500
15 MHz
40 MHz
7500 40 MHz
4096
4096
60 MHz
100 MHz
4096 60 MHz
Max.
line
frequency
Video
signal
4
5.20 kHz
5
8/12 Bit
Pixel
size
Active
length
6
7x7m
7
52.50 mm
Anti-
Bloom
Integr.
Ctrl.
8
0
9
0
Dynamic
range
(RMS)
Power
supply
10
1:750
11
+5V, +15V
1.95 kHz
5.20 kHz
8 Bit
8/12 Bit
5.20 kHz 8 Bit
7x7m
7x7m
52.50 mm
52.50 mm
7x7m 52.50 mm
14.00 kHz
22.30 kHz
8 Bit
2*8 Bit
14.00 kHz 8 Bit
13x13m
13x13m
53.20 mm
53.20 mm
13x13m 53.20 mm
0
0
0
0
0 0
1:750
1:750
USB (400 mA)
+5V, +15V
1:750 +5V, +15V, -15V
1
1
0
0
1 0
1:2500
1:2500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1:5000 +5V, +15V,-15V
Case
type
Lens
thread
12
CG5
13
M72x0.75
CU5
CC5
M72x0.75
M72x0.75
CL5 M72x0.75
CG5
CC5
M72x0.75
M72x0.75
CL5 M72x0.75
8
9
10
SK4096GPD-XL
SK4096CPD-XL
SK4096ZPD-XL
11
12
13
SK6288GKOC-XL
SK6288CKOC-XL
SK6288ZKOC-XL
4096
4096
50 MHz
50 MHz
4096 50 MHz
6288
6288
60 MHz
60 MHz
6288 60 MHz
11.90 kHz
11.90 kHz
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
11.90 kHz 8/12 Bit
10x10m
10x10m
41.00 mm
41.00 mm
10x10m 41.00 mm
9.28 kHz
9.28 kHz
8/12 Bit
8/12 Bit
9.28 kHz 8/12 Bit
14x14m
14x14m
29.30 mm
29.30 mm
14x14m 29.30 mm
1
1
1
1
1 1
1:2500
1:2500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1:2500 +5V, +15V, -15V
0
0
1
1
0 1
1:2500
1:2500
+5V, +15V
+5V, +15V
1:2500 +5V, +15V
CG5
CC5
M72x0.75
M72x0.75
CL5 M72x0.75
CG5
CC5
M72x0.75
M72x0.75
CL5 M72x0.75
LVDS
USB2.0
GigE CCD line scan camera body type: CG5
CCD CCD line scan camera body type: CC5 CCD CCD line scan camera body type: CL5
USB2.0 CCD line scan camera body type: CU5
front view lateral view back view front view lateral view back view
front view lateral view back view front view lateral view back view
49
5
7
L
e
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s

m
o
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M

7
2

x

0
,
7
5
L
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m
o
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t
M

7
2

x

0
,
7
5
L
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m
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M

7
2

x

0
,
7
5
L
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n
s

m
o
u
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t
M

7
2

x

0
,
7
5
S/W
S/W
S/W
S/W
S/W
S/W
S/W
LVDS
LVDS
LVDS
High-precision adapter
FA26-S45 with linear guide
and threadfor precise adjust-
ment and durable fixing of the
focal position.
Travel 27 mm, one turn of the
thread equals 10 mm travel
Locking screws for the focal
position
Lens thread M45x0,75
M39x1/26 by adapter M45-39
Opto-mechanical basic component for the
CCD line scan camera family -XL
Accessories for focus adapter FA26-S45,
intermediate rings ZR-L, lens adapter M39-45
Lens adapter M39-45
M39-45 Order Code
M39 x 1/26 M45 x 0.75
ZR-L 25 Order Code
15 = length 15 mm
25 = length 25 mm
60 = length 60 mm
87 = length 87 mm
two-sided
thread
M45 x 0.75
(male/female)
Intermediate rings ZR-L ...
47.5
M
4
5
x
0
.
7
5
M
3
9
x
1
/
2
6

M
4
5
x
0
.
7
5
M
4
5
x
0
.
7
5
50.5
3.7
H
H=length
The lens adapter M39-45 results in an
optical distance extension of 3.7 mm
Dimensions: CCD line scan camera family -XL
Dimensions: Focus adapter FA26-S45
*
camera flange focal length: 8mm
*
*
camera flange focal length: 8mm
*
*
camera flange focal length: 8mm
*
*
camera flange focal length: 8mm
*
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34
2008 E
CCD Line Scan Camera with
Bright Field Illumination
An innovative design for new applications in
surface analysis
Sealing surface Coin testing Micro embossing Lacquer damage
High-contrast image acquisition of structured objects; making the invisible visible
Illumination and image acquisition techniques well adapted to the object properties, emphasize
the object features of interest. Elaborate image processing algorithms are avoided.
In microscopy, the application of sophisticated illumination techniques for the
enhancement of specific object features has been a matter of course for a long time.
It is well known, that, in addition to the performance of the lens, the illumination is crucial
for the quality of the image recorded. With incident light microscopy, e.g. for the
examination of the crystal structure of metallic surfaces, techniques such as bright field
and dark field illumination, directed and diffuse illumination are used since the end of
the 19th century.
Line scan sensor heads by Schfter+ Kirchhoff
combine the line scan camera, the measuring
object and a LED based directed bright field
illumination in a ruggedized unit, well suited for
industrial applications. The LED illumination is
aligned with the camera lens and has service
life of several years.
By their modular structure CCD line scan came-
ra sensor heads are used for various tasks in
surface and texture analysis. Figure 1 shows a
sensor head with 8 m resolution with a field of
view of 33 mm (4096 pixels). Figure 1 on the
opposite side shows a sensor head with a re-
solution of 5 m and a 41 mm field of view
(> 8000 pixels). The working distance in each
case is 50 mm.
Directed bright field illumination is optimally
suited for surface inspection. Surface dam-
ages, not noticeable to the human eye, are
made visible with high contrast. Subsequent
image processing encounters optimum condi-
tions.
Fig. 1: CCD line scan camera sensor
head with directed bright field illumina-
tion
In a directed bright field illumination the light
comes from the camera direction. Glossy sur-
faces parallel to the CCD sensor reflect most
of the light back to the camera and so appear
as bright areas. Structured surfaces and
beveled edges appear dark. Fig. 2 illustrates
the effect of the directed bright field illumina-
tion by use of a cross section of an euro coin.
1
2 4 3
1
4
2
3
The edges of the mint margin and the fig-
ure are sloped inside and outside. The ver-
tically directed light is scattered, only a part
is reflected back on the CCD sensor. The
edges are reproduced darkly.
Margin and figure face are arranged at
right angle to the illumination source, they
reflect most of light to the sensor and are
reproduced as bright surfaces.
The British islands and the European
continent have a face with structured grain.
The light is scattered and the European
continent is displayed as a dark surface
with bright granulation.
The transition of the coin margin to the
center surface is slightly bent and is ren-
dered as a surface with gray tone.
1
2
3
4
Fig. 2
Fig. 4: Varnished aluminum test plate
with filiform corrosion along two
scratches.
Varnished auto body sheet steel made of high
alloy aluminum is sensitive to filiform corro-
sion and filiform varnish infiltration origina-
ting from scratches. The directed bright field
illumination reveals the full contrast of the
filament thus formed. The automatic evalua-
tion of the test plates based on digital image
processing finds optimum conditions.
Application:
Damages on painted surfaces
B
A
Identity card with blind embossing illu-
mined diffusely: No significant textures of the
surface are visible.
Shot with directed bright field illumina-
tion: Detailed and rich in contrast exposition
of the blind embossing.
Detail view of section The edges of
the individual embossing grooves scatter the
directed illumination and are seen as two par-
allel dark lines on the image. The flat surface
and the groove bottoms directly reflect the
light and are seen as bright areas in the im-
age.
B C
B
A
Fig. 3: Identity card with blind embossing
C
Application: Blind embossing
The invisible becomes visible
Directed bright field illumination:
Principle
Blind embossing
CCD line signal, oscilloscopic display
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35
2008 E
Fig. 1:
Line Scan Sensor Head with
directed bright field LED
illumination
Field of view: 41 mm
Resolution: 5 m
Pixels: 8192
Working distance: 50 mm
Fig 3: Measuring object and
inspection region
Cold-pressed workpiece
Surface scan of the upper shell
surface (camera )
Crack in the shell
surface.
Surface scan and
texture of the conical
attachment piece
(camera ) C2
A2
X
C1
A1
A
CCD line scan camera sensor
heads and basis software by
Schfter+Kirchhoff.
Image processing software:
FhG-IPA Stuttgart.
Handling-System, integration and
general contractor: Fa. Hrmle
B
A
Fig. 4: Brake block with sinter coating
Diffuse illumination Directed bright field
illumination
B A
Images and were taken with the same line
scan camera and identical image geometry.
They differ merely in the illumination system
used. With the directed bright field illumination
the sinter particle clusters and error spots
can be clearly recognized in the inspection re-
gion. Image shows a detail view of an error
in the sinter coating.
C
B
B A
Application:
Surface inspection
C
Fig. 5: Macro display of a brake block
Alternation of the illumination technique
changes the display of the analyzed object.
Bright field illumination
Diffuse Illumination
Error spots in the inspection region XL
B
A
A
B
XL
XL
B A
Fig. 6: Shearing blade for razors
Shearing blade acquisition with bright field
illumination
Detail enlargement
The hexagonal dark areas are holes in a three-
dimensional structure. The bright edges are
planar cutting edges. The gray areas in be-
tween are due to concave undercuts.
B
A
Application:
Geometrical- and cutting edge inspection
Application:
Crack check at cold extruded parts
Photo: Fa. Dold
A
C1
C2
Fig. 2: Test bench with cameras and handling system
100% control in a three shift system
Measuring object (cold-pressed workpiece)
camera, horizontally mounted, controls the upper shell
camera, transversely mounted, controls the conical
attachment piece A2
C2
A1 C1
A
A
A1
A2
High resolution analysis of
large field surface and texture.
Available with the interfaces:



Application: Scan Macroscope
Surface inspection with 5 m resolution
TM
LVDS
Lens and accessories for CCD line scan camera with sensor length 41 mm (SK4096... with 4096 pixels), lens mount M45 x 0.75 sensor length 41 mm
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36
2008 E
Criteria for lens selection
The lens selection tables to on page 37 take the max. per-
mitted length of the CCD sensor into account.
Video, photo, or scan and macro lenses respectively are suitable for a limited
sensor length and a limited range of magnification.
Further selection criteria for lenses are lens focal length, F-number, trans-
mission, contrast, geometrical distortion, and the mechanical lens mount.
Video (CCTV-) lenses with C-mount camera thread are available for
different sensor lengths.
1" for max. 15 mm sensor length,

2
3" for max. 11 mm sensor length.
CCTV lenses are characterized by a low F-number (F1.4 to F1.8) and small
size. They have an integrated focusing mechanism. Together with extension
rings small reproduction scales are achieved.
Photo lenses: Photo lenses are suitable for CCD line scan cameras with
sensor lengths up to 36 mm. They have an integrated focusing mechanism
and stand out due to a good cost/performance ratio. Two type series are
provided:
Photo lenses series SK: For industrial measuring systems Schfter+
Kirchhoff provides a special series of photo lenses with focal lengths from
20 mm to 85 mm. A screw mount connects the lens housing with the body
of the CCD camera. This efficiently prevents a displacement of the meas-
ured signal on the CCD sensor (as with standard SLR lenses and standard
bayonet mount). A blocking bridge with integrated screws for fixation of fo-
cus and aperture setting secures the lens against unintentional misadjust-
ment.
Standard photo lenses with F-mount (bayonet mount): Schfter + Kirch-
hoff provides series AF from Nikon .
For Photo lenses with bayonet mount (e.g. F-mount), Schfter + Kirchhoff
provides a lens adapter for connecting photo lenses (SLR lenses) with
bayonet mount to CCD line scan cameras with mounting thread M40 x 0.75
or M32 x 0.75.
A3
O3
O2
A1
O1
Table 3 Table 1
Lenses, Lens Adapters and Camera Mounts
Cameras
Lens and accessories for CCD line scan cameras with sensor length up to 16 mm (512 - 1024 pixels), lens mount: C-mount, 1-32TP1
Lens and accessories for CCD line scan cameras with sensor length up to 36 mm (2048 - 5150 pixels), lens mount M40 x 0.75
Lens adapter Mounting bracket Lenses
A3-C
A4-C O4
O3
CCD line scan camera with macro lens f 75 mm for 1:1 magnification
A4 ZR50 ZR20 ZR20 O5 M4
Line scan camera with sensor length 41 mm and macro lens f 75 mm for 1:1 imaging
A5 ZR-L87 O5 M6
C2
C2
C1
M3
O2
O3 A3
A4 O4
C3
C3 M5
O3 A3
O4
MC1
MC1
M3 A1
O1
A5
Scan lenses , unlike typical photo and CCTV lenses, are optimized for
a finite reproduction scale (= 1/2 - 1/20). They are suitable for sensor lengths
up to 90 mm. In the specified magnification range these lenses have a high
imaging quality and a plane field of view. Hence, in case of macro imaging,
its use can make sense for CCD line scan cameras with short sensor lengths.
These lenses do not have a mechanism for focusing such as video and pho-
to lenses do. The focus adapter FA22-40 and optional extension rings
type ZR10 - ZR50 ensure a precise and
mechanical stable connection between scan lens and line scan cameras
made by Schfter + Kirchhoff.
Macro lenses with focal lengths f= 50 mm, f= 75 mm, and f= 120 mm
are optimized for magnification around 1:1 (0.8 to 3 times) and are suitable
for sensor lengths up to 43 mm, 70 mm, and 130 mm, respectively. These
lenses do not have a mechanism for focusing such as video and photo lens-
es do. The focus adapter FA22-40 and optionally extension rings
type ZR... ensure a precise and mechanical stable connection between scan
lens and line scan cameras made by Schfter + Kirchhoff.
For cameras with screw mount M45 x 0.75 and sensor lengths up to 41 mm,
Schfter + Kirchhoff provides extension rings and focus adapter
with a large inner diameter in order to avoid vignetting. In this case, the fo-
cus adapter is placed directly after the lens.
Camera brackets and camera consoles: For all camera types Schfter +
Kirchhoff provides camera brackets and
,
which are fixed directly
to the camera body. In case of macro imaging with extension rings, camera
consoles and are used, which hold the camera centrally at the ex-
tension rings.
M6 M5
M4 M3
A5 ZR-L
ZR A4
O5
ZR
A4
O4
Cameras Lens adapter Mounting bracket Lenses
Cameras Lens adapter Mounting bracket Lenses
ZR
ZR-L
Example
O2
Clamping screws for aperture focus
Examples
ZR
O3
O1
O4
Cameras with screw mount M72 x 0.75 mm: This series is designed for
line scan sensors with lengths up to 52.5 mm. With focus adapter FA26-
S45 (see p. 32 and p. 38) camera body and scan or macro lens are joined
to a complete system.
M3 Mounting bracket SK 5105
A3-C
A1 C-mount extension ring set
CCD line scan camera
with lens thread mount M40 x 0.75
Lens adapter AOC-F-C
C-mount / F-mount (bayonet)
A4-C Focus adapter FA 22-C
C-mount - M39 x
1
26 (Leica mount)
MC1 Mounting clamps SK 5102
M3
MC1
Lens adapter AOC-F-40
M40 x 0.75 / F-mount (bayonet)
Focus adapter FA 22-40
M40 x 0.75 / M39 x
1
26
A4
A3
Components:
Extension ring ZR-L87 Focus adapter FA16-45
Monting console SK 5105-2L Macro lens Apo-Rodagon D1x 4.0/75 O5 M6
A5 ZR-L87
Focus adapter FA16-45
Lens adapter AOC-F-40 A3
A5
Mounting bracket SK 5105
Mounting clamps SK 5102
ZR Extension ring ZR...
M5 Mounting bracket SK 5105-L
Extension ring ZR-L ZR-L
Components:
Focus adapter FA22-40
Extension rings 1x ZR-50 2x ZR20
Mounting console SK 5105-2
Macro lens APO-Rodagon D1x 4,0/75 O5
M4
ZR
A4
Mounting bracket SK 5105
Mounting clamps SK 5102
Photo lens series SK SK 1,8/50-40 O2
MC1
M3
Mounting bracket SK 5105
Mounting clamps SK 5102
CCTV lens B 2514 D O1
MC1
M3
Mounting bracket SK 5105
Mounting clamps SK 5102
Focus adapter AOC-F-C
Photo lens AF 1,4/50 D O3
A3-C
MC1
M3
ZR Extension rings ZR...
Mounting bracket SK 5105
Mounting clamps SK 5102
Focus adapter FA22-C
Scan lens Rodagon 2,8/50 O4
A4-C
MC1
M3
sensor length up to 36 mm
sensor length up to 16 mm
Table 1
row
O1
1
Order Code
C 0815 B
2
3
4
5
B 1214 D-2
C 1614 A
B 2514 D
C 3516 M
6
7
B 5018 A-3
B 7514 C
Video (CCTV) Lenses (Mount: C-Mount 1"-32 TPI)
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34.0
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.6
50.0
75.0
1.8
1.4
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11
1"
2/3"
16
16
17.54
17.54
21.7
3.85
17.54
17.54
0.53
-23.0
1"
1"
16
16
17.54
17.54
-4.02
-78.4
42.0
30.0
30.0
29.5
M 40.5x0.5
M 27 x 0.5
300
300
M 27 x 0.5
M 27 x 0.5
300
400
C
-
M
o
u
n
t
42.0
62.0
M 40.5x0.5
M 58 x 0.75
1000
1200
S
3
7
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Kieler Strae 212, D-22525 Hamburg Phone (+49) 40 85 39 97-0 Fax (+49) 40 85 39 97-79 eMail: info@SuKHamburg.de Web: www.SuKHamburg.de
37
2008 E
Table 3
r
o
w
O4
1
2
Order Code
Rodagon 2,8/50
Rodagon 4,0/80
3
4
5
6
Rodagon 5,6/105
Apo-Rodagon-N 2,8/50
Apo-Rodagon-N 4,0/80
Apo-Rodagon-N 5,6/105
O5
7
8
9
Order Code
Apo-Rodagon D2x 4,5/50
Apo-Rodagon D1x 4,0/75
Apo-Rodagon D2x 4,5/75
Scan Lenses and Macro Lenses
F
o
c
a
l

l
e
n
g
t
h
f
F
-
n
u
m
b
e
r
K
Scan Lenses
mm
50.1
81.0
2.8
4
106.4
50.2
82.5
105
5.6
2.8
4
5.6
Macro Lenses
50
75.1
74.6
4.5
4
4.5
m
a
x
.

r
e
s
o
l
u
t
i
o
n
C
C
D

s
e
n
s
o
r

l
e
n
g
t
h
m
a
x
.
S
M
a
g
n
i
f
i
c
a
t
i
o
n

b
o
p
t
i
m
u
m

R
a
n
g
e

o
f
m
a
g
n
i
f
i
c
a
t
i
o
n
m mm
6
7
36
70
1/10
1/6
1/2 -1/15
1/2 -1/10
F
l
a
n
g
e

f
o
c
a
l
l
e
n
g
t
h

(

)
s'A
P
r
i
n
c
i
p
a
l

p
o
i
n
t
d
i
s
t
a
n
c
e
HH'
L
e
n
g
t
h
LO
M
o
u
n
t
mm mm
43.5
74.5
-2.8
-2.5
mm
43.5
44.4
7
6
90
36
7
7
85
90
1/6
1/10
1/2 -1/10
1/2 -1/20
1/10
1/6
1/2 -1/15
1/2 -1/15
7 43
7
7
85
92
1/2 0.4 - 0.8
1/1
1/2
0.8 -1.25
0.4 - 0.8
101.5
46.0
-1.7
-2.3
77.0
99.1
-2.8
-3.0
42.3
46.5
43.0
54.3
65.2 -1.6
61.6
72.1
-14.8
-2.2
29.4
M
3
9
x
1
/
2
6
"
53.0
43.0
O
u
t
e
r

d
i
a
m
e
t
e
r
F
i
l
t
e
r

t
h
r
e
a
d
D
i
s
t
a
n
c
e

C
C
D
-
e
l
e
m
e
n
t

-

o
b
j
e
c
t
OO'
D
i
s
t
a
n
c
e

l
e
n
s

-
o
b
j
e
c
t
A
mm
50.0
50.0
mm mm
603
659
551
567
L
e
n
g
t
h

o
f

e
x
t
e
n
s
i
-
o
n

t
u
b
e
LT
F
o
c
u
s

a
d
a
p
t
e
r
F
A

2
2
-
4
0
E
x
t
e
n
s
i
o
n

r
i
n
g

1
0
m
m

Z
R

1
0
E
x
t
e
n
s
i
o
n

r
i
n
g

2
0
m
m

Z
R

2
0
mm
29
68.5
1x
1x 2x
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
867
605
745
552
995
855
908
735
50.0
M

4
0
.
5
x
0
.
5
50.0
50.0
223 150
286
334
150
224
99.7
31.5
1x
1x
65.8
97.1
1x
1x
1x
2x
1x
70.7 1x
117
89.9
1x
1x
2x
1x
2x
E
x
t
e
n
s
i
o
n

r
i
n
g

5
0
m
m

Z
R

5
0
E
x
t
e
n
s
i
o
n

o
f

f
o
c
u
s
a
d
a
p
t
e
r
mm
7.0
6.5
1x 7.7
9.5
1x
3.8
5.1
8.7
1x
1x
5.2
7.9
10
11
Apo-Rodagon D 5,6/120
MVO 1.4X
119.9
120
5.6
4
7
7
150
90
1/2
1/0.71
0.33 - 2
1.3 - 1.5
112.9
66.7
-2.98
-30.1
43.4
63.2 -
50.0
64.0 M52
537
464
360
205
153
216
1x
1x
1x 1x 2x 1.4
Table 2
O2
O2
1
2
Order Code
SK 2,8/20-40
SK 2,8/28-40
3
4
5
6
SK 2,0/35-40
SK 1,4/50-40
SK 1,8/50-40
SK 2,8/60-40 Micro
2)
Photo Lenses (SLR Lenses)
O3
O3
AF 2.8/20 D
1)
AF 2,8/28 D
1)
AF 2,0/35 D
1)
AF 1,4/50 D
1)
AF 1,8/50 D
1)
AF 2,8/60 D Micro
1) 2)
F
o
c
a
l

l
e
n
g
t
h
F
-
n
u
m
b
e
r
f K
C
C
D

s
e
n
s
o
r

l
e
n
g
t
h
m
a
x
.
M
a
x
.

m
a
g
n
i
f
i
c
a
t
i
o
n
s
e
r
i
e
s

A
F
F
l
a
n
g
e

f
o
c
a
l

l
e
n
g
t
h

(

)
(
s
p
e
c
i
a
l

s
e
r
i
e
s

-
4
0
)
P
r
i
n
c
i
p
a
l

p
o
i
n
t
d
i
s
t
a
n
c
e
S HH'
Order Code
mm
20
28
2.8
2.8
35
50
2
1.4
50
60
1.8
2.8
mm
36
36
1/8,3
1/5,6
mm mm
19.50
19.50
36
36
1/4,2
1/6,8
36
36
1/6,6
1
19.50
19.50
17.2
19.50
19.50
F
i
l
t
e
r

t
h
r
e
a
d
L
e
n
g
t
h

S
e
r
i
e
s

-
4
0

3
)
M
i
n
.

c
l
o
s
e

f
o
c
u
s

r
a
n
g
e
(
l
e
n
s

f
r
o
n
t

e
d
g
e

t
o

o
b
-
j
e
c
t

p
l
a
n
e
)
LO A
mm
M 62x0.75
M 52x0.75
69.5
71.5
mm
250
250
M 52x0.75
M 52x0.75
70.5
69.5
M 52x0.75
M 62x0.75
66.0
101.5
250
450
450
219
7 SK 1,8/85-40 AF 1,8/85 D
1)
85 1.8 36 1/9,2 19.50 M 62x0.75 85.5 850
Video (CCTV) lenses
with clamp screws
for fixing focus and aperture settings
Screw mount: C-mount
Flange focal length: 17.54 mm
Other CCTV lenses on request
Attachments: Extension ring
for close up and macro imaging
Screw mount M39 x 1/26
O4 O5
Photo lens with bayo-
net mount
Lens adapter:
bayonet or
screw mount M40/M32
S+K photo lenses (special series),
screw mount M40x0.75
Blocking bridge with integrated
screws for fixation of focus and
aperture settings.
O2
O3 A3
A3
Extension rings C-Mount A1
Lens adapter for photo lenses with
bayonet mount
A3
0.5 1.0 5.0 10.0
Extension ring
Extension rings (single)
0.5 EXT-0,5
1.0 EXT-1
5.0 EXT-5
10.0 EXT-10
20.0 40.0
A3
AOC - F - 40
Screw mount
45 = M40 x 0.75
40 = M40 x 0.75
32 = M32 x 0.75
C = C-mount
1-32-TPI
M = Minolta,
series MD
F = Nikon F-Mount
Order Code
O1
Attachments
Table 4: Focus adapter FA22-... Extension rings ZR...
Table 5: Focus adapter FA16-45 Extension rings ZR-L ...
Table 4 Attachments for scan and macro lenses Focus adapter and Extension rings
ZR A4
1) AF = Nikon lens, series AF with F-mount
2) Macro lens, minimum magnification = 1
3) Infinite focus
Other photo lenses on request
Set with 6 rings 0.5 - 1 - 5 - 10 - 20 - 40 mm
Order Code EX-C6
Order Code
Table 5 Attachments for line scan camera SK4096 with 41 mm sensor length Focus adapter and Extension rings
ZR-L A5
Focus adapter FA16-45
A5
Screw mount
M45 x 0.75
(male)
ZR-L 25 Order Code
15 = length 15 mm
25 = length 25 mm
60 = length 60 mm
87 = length 87 mm
ZR-L
both sides
screw mount
M45 x 0.75
(male/female)
Extension rings ZR-L ...
Focus adapter FA22-...
FA22-40 Order Code
42 = M42 x 1
40 = M40 x 0.75
39 = M39x1/26
32 = M32 x 0.75
C= C-mount
A4
Screw mount
(male)
ZR 10 Order Code
10 = length 10 mm
15 = length 15 mm
20 = length 20 mm
50 = length 50 mm
ZR
both sides
screw mount
M39 x 1/26
(Leica thread,
male/female)
Extension rings ZR...
In particular for camera SK4096... with 41 mm sensor length Schfter +
Kirchhoff supplies extension rings and a focus adapter with large inner
diameter in order to avoid vignetting. In this case the focus adapter FA16-
45 is placed directly after the lens.
In the focus adapter, there is a fine pitch thread with 10 mm range. The
length of the focus adapter can be varied from 16 mm to 26 mm. On cir-
cumference there are 3 pin screws for locking the adjusted focus position.
Lens Apo-Rodagon D1x 4.0/75 yields with focus adapter FA16-45 and with
extension ring ZR-L87 attached to camera SK4096... a 1:1 magnification,
with extension ring ZR-L60 and lens Apo-Rodagon D2x 4.5/75 magnifi-
cation 1:2.
Scan and macro lenses do not have a focusing mechanism. Hence, these
lens series are attached to line scan cameras with the adjustable focus
adapter FA22-... .
The focus adapter can be supplied with different screw mounts on the camera
side (from C-mount to M42x1), see order code. On the front side a thread
M39x1/26 (Leica thread) allows for the adaptation of scan and macro lenses.
In the focus adapter, there is a fine pitch thread with 11mm range. The length
of the focus adapter can thus be varied from 22 mm to 33 mm.
On the circumference there are 3 pin screws for locking the adjusted focus
position.
Macro imaging requires a large distance between camera and lens.
Extension rings ZR..., graded in lengths from 10 mm to 5 mm, bridge this
distance (calculation see page 39, F4 and F5).
47.5 f8
M
4
5
x
0
.
7
5
M
3
9
x
1
/
2
6

M
4
5
x
0
.
7
5
M
4
5
x
0
.
7
5
53
16+10
H H=Length
42 f8
M
4
5
x
0
.
7
5
M
3
9
x
1
/
2
6

M
3
9
x
1
/
2
6

M
3
9
x
1
/
2
6

53
16+10
H
H=Length
(M = high resolution for 5.5 m pixels)
These values are valid at optimum magnification
FA16-45 Order Code
45 = M45 x 0.75
S
3
8
_
C
C
D
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K
_
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Kieler Strae 212, D-22525 Hamburg Phone (+49) 40 85 39 97-0 Fax (+49) 40 85 39 97-79 eMail: info@SuKHamburg.de Web: www.SuKHamburg.de
38
2008 E
Table 6 Mounting brackets and mounting consoles
Mounting bracket SK 5105
Mounting console SK 5105-2
SK 5105-2 Order Code
M4
For cameras with lens thread from
C-Mount to M 40x0.75
on use with intermediate ring ZR...
Mounting console SK 5105-2L
SK 5105-2L Order Code
M5
For cameras with
lens thread M 45x0.75
with intermediate rings ZR-L ...
66
50
20 16.5
3.5 6.5
1010
36 M3 3.3
4.3
6
15
5
0
.
3
4
1
.
7
7
0
6
3
4
0

4
2
M4
1
/
4

2
0
G
M3
Mounting
bracket
Order Code
SK 5105
For cameras with lens
thread from
C-Mount to M 40x0.75
on use without inter-
mediate rings
Mounting clamp SK 5102
Cylinder head screw
DIN 912M3x12
Mounting clamp
MC1
Order Code
SK 5102
(Set of four pieces)
6
36

4
2
50
3.5 31.5 25 10
3.5
7
0
6
3
4
0
1
/
4

2
0
G
M4 4.3
6
36

4
7
.5
50
3.5 31.5 25 10
3.5
7
0
6
3
4
0
1
/
4

2
0
G
M4 4.3
Mounting bracket SK 5105-L
66
50
20 16.5
3.5 6.5
1010
36 M3 3.3
4.3
6
15
5
0
.
3
4
1
.7
7
0
6
3
4
0

4
2
M4
1
/
4

2
0
G
M3
Mounting
bracket
Order Code
SK 5105-L
For cameras with lens
thread M 40x0.75
on use without intermediate
rings
Mounting clamp SK 5102-L
Cylinder head screw
DIN 912M3x12
Mounting Clamp
MC1
Order Code
SK 5102-L
(Set of four pieces)
Table 8 Accessories for focus adapter FA26-S45,
intermediate rings ZR-L, lens adapter M39-45
Lens adapter M39-45
M39-45 Order Code
M39 x 1/26 M45 x 0.75
ZR-L 25 Order Code
15 = length 15 mm
25 = length 25 mm
60 = length 60 mm
87 = length 87 mm
both sides
thread
M45 x 0.75
(male/female)
Intermediate rings ZR-L ...
47.5
M
4
5
x
0
.
7
5
M
3
9
x
1
/
2
6

M
4
5
x
0
.
7
5
M
4
5
x
0
.
7
5
50.5
3.7
H
H=length
Table 7 Focus adapter FA26-S45 for cameras, bodies ...G5, lens thread M72 x 0.75
Dimensions: Focus adapter FA-S45
The lens adapter M39-45 results in an
optical distance enlargement of 3.7 mm
High precision adapter with linear guide and thread
for precise adjustment and durable fixing of the fo-
cal position.
Opto-mechanical module rack for CCD line scan
cameras of the series -XL
(see page 32).
Travel 27 mm, one turn of the thread equals
10 mm travel
Locking screws for focal position
Lens thread M45x0.75
M39x1/26 via adapter M45-39
Focus adapter FA26-S45
CCD line scan camera of the series -XL (s.p. 32)
Intermediate ring ZR-L..
Lens adapter M45-39
Scan or macro lens
CCD line scan camera, completely assembled
B
4
3
2
1
A
A
1
B
2
3
4
S
3
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Kieler Strae 212, D-22525 Hamburg Phone (+49) 40 85 39 97-0 Fax (+49) 40 85 39 97-79 eMail: info@SuKHamburg.de Web: www.SuKHamburg.de
39
2008 E
Figure 1:
Schematic depiction of the
imaging system and definition
of variables used.
f Lens focal length (mm)
S Sensor length (mm)
L Measuring region (mm)
a Object range (mm)
a Image range: Distance of CCD
element to H (mm)
Magnification
w Field angle
OO Distance CCD sensor -
Measuring region (mm)
HH Principal point distance
(has to be added to OO
considering the sign, mm)
sK Distance CCD - camera flange
sA Flange focal length (mm)
s Lens extension (mm)
LT Tube length consisting of focus
adapter FA22-...
and extension rings ZR... (mm)
LO Lens length (mm)
A Working distance (mm)
Formulas for Lens Selection
= = = .
sensor length
measuring region
S
L
s = f
f =
OO
1/ + + 2
f =
OO
1/ + 2
Object range and image range are related by the imaging
focal length:
From this equation formula F3 to F6 are derived.
1 1 1
a a f
+ =
The magnification is defined as
Beispiel: Measuring region L = 290 mm, CCD sensor length S = 28.7 mm:
= S/L = 28.7/290 = 1/10.1
With the magnification and focal length f, the lens extension is:
Example 1: Magnification = 1/10.1 and focal lenth f = 50 mm:
s= 50 mm / 10.1 = 4.95 mm
Example 2: In a macro imaging with = 1, (1:1 - imaging) the lens extension
equals the focal length f.
With magnification and focal length f:
For 1/10 approximately OO = (1/ + 2) f + HH.
Example 1: Video lens B1614A, focal length f = 16 mm, HH = 3.85 mm
L = 290 mm, S = 13.3 mm
OO = (L/S + 2) f + HH = (290/13.3 + 2)16 mm + 3.85 mm
= 384.7 mm (approximation)
Example 2: Rodagon 4.0/80, focal length f = 81 mm, HH = -2.5 mm, = 1/6
OO = (1/++2) f + HH = (1/6+6+2)81mm - 2.5 mm = 658.7 mm
OO = + + 2 f + HH
1

The depth of focus 2z calculates to


with the F-number K , the pixel pitch (mm) y, and
the magnification .
Example: pixel pitch y = 0.014 mm,
magnification = 1/10,
F-number K = 4:
2z = 2 0.014 mm 410(1+10) = 12.3
2z = 2 y K (1 + ) /
2
a
a
The edge intensity of the line scan signal is given by
the illumination and by the field angle w(see F7). Even
with homogeneous illumination the signal amplitude
decreases towards the ends of the line:
Rule of thumb: The focal length should at least
equal the sensor length. In this case the edge in-
tensity is > 70% of the center intensity.
Example: Edge intensity calculated for two different field angles with unchan-
ged sensor length S = 28.7 and unchanged magnification = 1/4.
a) focal length f = 50 mm b) focal length f = 28 mm
field angle w = 13 field angle w = 22.3
edge intensity = 90% edge intensity = 73%
Edge intensity [%] = 100 cos
4
(w)
The field angle w is determined by the sensor length S, the focal length f
and Magnification :
The field angle is used for calculating the edge intensity, F10.
The resolution of a lens is limited due to diffraction. It is given by the effective F-
number K (see F8). The resolution is best when closing the lens aperture 1 to 2
steps. Then the lens resolution reaches approxi-
mately the diffraction limit. Two neighboring image
elements can be distinguished when their distance
is
The optical wavelength is in case of visible
radiation approximately = 550 nm.
Example: effective F-number K = 8,
wavelength = 550 nm
ymin = 10.6 m
y 2.4 K
When calculating the signal amplitude or the limit of lens resolution due to
diffraction (see F12), the F-number (focal length/ aperture diameter) has to be
replaced by an effective F-number (image range/ aperture diameter) for small
magnifications 10. With the nominal F-number K and magnification the
effective F-number K calculates to:
Example: nominal F-number K = 4, magnification = 1:
effective F-number K = 2K = 8
K = K(1 + )
After selecting a CCD line scan camera, a suitable lens and, if necessary,
extension rings have to be determined. The required lens extension and the
depth of focus can be calculated exactly.
Calculation is performed in the following 5 steps:
Step 1: Magnification: For a given measuring range L and a selected line
scan camera with sensor length S, the magnification is calculated, see
(F2).
Step 2: Focal length: With magnification and the given measuring distance
OO the focal length f of a suitable lens can be calculated, see (F3).
By contrast, with a given lens focal length f and a given magnification the
required measuring distance OO can be calculated, (F6).
Step 3: Lens extension and tubes length: For achieving a sharp imaging
the lens has to have a defined distance from the CCD line sensor.
In case of CCTV lenses and photo lenses the lens extension s, is calcula-
ted (F4), and set with the focusing mechanism.
In case of scan and macro lenses the lens extension s is set at the exter-
nal focusing mechanism. For large magnifications additional extension rings
are used.
The required tube length LT is calculated with (F4) and (F5). It is realized with
extension rings and - in case of scan and macro lenses - with the focus
adapter.
Step 4: Depth of focus: In case of imaging objects with certain thickness
the depth of focus 2z has to be determined. It has to be large enough in or-
der to image the whole measuring object sharply. (F8).
Step 5: Resolution: A large F-number yields to a reduction of resolution
caused by diffraction. The resolution of the imaging has to be controlled,
CCD
Sensor
Measuring region
a
a
S
L
s sK
f LT sA
OO
HH
w
S
2f (1 + )
w = arctan

2z
9
0
%
7
3
%
w
w
Magnification
Aperture Stops
Rel. signal amplitude
1/ 1/8.2
0
1
+1/3
0.79
1/5.3 1/3.8
+1/2
0.71
+2/3
0.63
1/2.4 1
+1
0.5
+2
0.25

2
(1 + )
=

F1: Imaging equation:


F2: Magnification :
F7: Field angle w
F8: Depth of focus:
F9: Effective F-number K, relative signal amplitude
F10: Edge intensity:
F11: Diffraction limit:
F3: Calculation of focal length f
F4: Lens extension s
F5: Tube length LT
F6: Distance CCD sensor - measuring region OO
(F11). In case of magnifications > 6, an effective F-number K has to be in-
cluded instead of K, (F9).
The resolution ymin must not exceed the pixel pitch of the CCD line sensor.
A
LO
LT = flange focal length + lens extension - (distance CCD-camera flange)
LT = sA + s - sK
* for y' = 0.014 mm and = 1/10
F-number K
Depth of Focus 2z [mm]*
relative signal amplitude
2 2.8
6.2
16
8.6
8
4 5.6
12.3
4
17.2
2
8 11
24.6
1
33.9
1/2
22 32
67.8
1/4
98.6
1/8
Focal length f
F-number K
Line scan
sensor with
pixel pitch y
Depth of focus 2z
rel. signal amplitude:
effective
F-number
K'
2
2.8
4
5.6
8
11
16
22
Diffraction lim.
Resolution*
ymin [m]
2.6
3.7
5.3
7.4
10.6
14.5
21.1
29.0
*at wavelength = 550 nm
With magnification and distance CCD sensor - measuring region OO
or for 1/10 approximately .
Example: Magnification = 1/10.1 and OO = 605 mm:
Focal length f = 605 mm/ (10.1 + 2) = 50 mm
Example: Rodagon 4.0/80, focal length f = 81 mm, = 1/6,
sA = 74.7 mm, sK = 19.5 mm
s= f/ = 81 mm/ 6 = 13.5 mm
LT = 74.7 mm + 13.5 mm - 19.5 mm = 68.7 mm
Realized by: 1x focus adapter FA22-40 22.0 mm
+ focus adapter extension 6.7 mm sum:
+ 2x extension rings ZR20 40.0 mm 68.7 mm
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40
2008 E
Transillumination is the most efficient illumination technique.
Application: Measuring of width and edge.
Front illumination: The fluorescent tube is placed as closely as possible to the measured object.
A split aperture diminishes stray light on the CCD line sensor. For small lamp distances h the
signal amplitude on the CCD line sensor decreases almost linearly with increasing h, for larger dis-
tances (from approx. 3x lamp diameter on) it decreases with 1/h
2
.
2.1
2
1
Due to the high measuring frequency up to125 kHz
and a resulting exposure (integration) time of only
a few microseconds, a much higher light intensity
on the line sensor is required compared to a cam-
era with CCD area sensor and 60 Hz frame rate for
a similar signal amplitude.
Fluorescent tubes, linear and U-shaped, are
ideal sources of light for transillumination and
for front illumination applications with line scan
cameras (efficiency, cost to performance ratio).
The light distribution is very homogeneous
except near the electrode areas at the ends of
the glass tube.
For uniform illumination of the sensor, the
source, as with all linear sources, has to be con-
siderably longer than the measurement range.
The electronic ballasts (HF) for the fluorescent
tubes are a special series with filter for sup-
pression of the 50/60 Hz main frequency. The
switching frequency lies above 30 kHz.
Excimer lamp systems are mercury-free
fluorescent tubes, equipped with internal
reflectors for increase of light efficiency.
For even higher luminance or directed illumina-
tion (dark field illumination, see page 29,
directed bright field illumination see page 34)
linear fiber optic illumination with high-effi-
ciency LEDs, halogen or metal vapor lamps are
used. Beneficial is a separate lamp housing with
directed heat dissipation.
Linear LED arrays are used both for directed,
and for diffuse illumination (see page 29 and
41). With high-efficiency LEDs high luminance
and at the same time, a life expectancy of s-
everal 10000 hours are achieved.
The type of illuminant is not only crucial for the
illumination level. Depending on the source,
different object characteristics are accentuated.
With many measuring tasks the quality of the raw data in terms of contrast
and sharpness can be improved directly through optical filtering.
Edge filters and bandpass filters suppress ambient light on directed illumi-
nation with laser or LED light.
UV-IR blocking filters suppress parts of the radiation beyond the visible wave-
length region for contrast enhancement.
Long pass edge filters transmit the
spectral range on the right hand
side of the filter edge, e.g. starting
from 570 nm at filter OG590.
RG 630 OG 590
550 600 650 700 750
RG 715
100
80
60
40
20
0
OG590 = 590
RG630 = 630
RG715 = 715
filter thread
27 = M27 x 0.5
40 = M40.5x 0.5
43 = M43 x 0.75
52 = M52 x 0.75
62 = M62 x 0.75
FLP-590- 27 Order Code
Wavelength in nm
T
r
a
n
s
m
i
s
s
i
o
n

i
n

%
Long pass edge filter
UV-IR blocking filters block un-
desired UV and IR radiation,
thus contrast is enhanced.
400 600 800 1000
T
r
a
n
s
m
i
s
s
i
o
n

i
n

%
Wellenlnge in nm
100
80
60
40
20
0
filter thread
27 = M27 x 0.5
40 = M40,5x 0.5
43 = M43 x 0.75
52 = M52 x 0.75
62 = M62 x 0.75
FBP-UVIR- 27 Order Code
T
r
a
n
s
m
i
s
s
i
o
n

i
n

%
UV-IR blocking filters
Polarisation filters transmit only one polarization di-
rection. They serve for suppression of disturbing
reflexes caused by glass, plastics or varnish.
filter thread
27 = M27 x 0.5
40 = M40,5x 0.5
43 = M43 x 0.75
52 = M52 x 0.75
62 = M62 x 0.75
F-POL- 27 Order Code
Polarization filter (linear)
Bandpass filters
FWHM Wavelength
Central
Wavelength
Peak
Transmittance
100
80
60
40
20
0
Notch filters
Notch filters are interference filters,
blocking a narrow spectral range
They are used for suppression of
mono-chromatic laser radiance.
Specification on request.
100
80
60
40
20
0
400 600 800 1000
T
r
a
n
s
m
i
s
s
i
o
n

i
n

%
Wavelength in nm
Polarizing filters suppress reflections of non-metallic surfaces.
With fluorescence exposures notch filters are used to block the excitation
wavelength.
For particular measuring tasks separate filters are used in combination.
Schfter+Kirchhoff provides mounted filters for all lenses listed on page 37.
Filters with other threads on request.
436 546 612 nm
A
436 546 612 nm
B Emission spectrum of a fluo-
rescent tube, color code 41.
Filtered spectrum. With a filter
of type OG 590 shorter wave-
lengths (below 585 nm) are sup-
pressed.
B
A
Application: Scanner for money transfer forms. The orange colored imprint visible to the human
eye is invisible to a CCD camera when illumined with monochromatic red light. This yields to data
reduction and thus increases the system efficiency.
Down edge of intensity by insufficient lamp length
For uniform illumination the source of light must be clearly longer
than the measuring range. In the center of the measuring range light
portions from both sides of the source overlay. The illumination de-
creases towards the edges.
The distribution of intensity is not only affected by the length of the
light source, but also by the transmission and reflection character-
istics of the test item (e.g. reflecting or vaguely reflecting), by the dis-
tance of the source from the measuring object and the beam char-
acteristic of the source. The reflected beam angle with fluorescent
lamps amounts to approx. 180, with LEDs for instance 120 and
with fiber-optic cross-sectional transformers for instance 80. Dif-
fusers and lens arrays in front of the source increase the edge
intensity.
Optical Filters
Illumination Components and Accessories
Example: If at given distance h0 = 5 mm the CCD signal is 75 %
of the saturation exposure, the active signal amplitude results in
h1 = 10 mm: 50 %,
h2 = 60 mm: 6 %,
h3 = 100 mm: 2 %
With larger lamp distances h the decay of brightness is
compensated by a
cylinder lens (Fresnel, spherical or aspheric lens) or an
ellipsoidal reflector trough.
3.2
3.1
3
distance h (mm)
relative signal amplitude
1
0,5
0
0 20 40 60 80 100
Illumination techniques Illumination
Intensity
profile
illumination
measuring
area
lens
line scan camera
Bandpass filters are interference filters,
transmitting only a narrow spectral-
range.
They are used for image acquisition
with monochromatic illumination for
the suppression of extraneous light.
Specification on request.
Wavelength in nm
Table 3
1
2
3
4
FFF Flll luuu uooo orrr reee esss sccc ceee ennn nttt t TTT Tuuu ubbb beee e LLL Liii innn neee eaaa arrr r !!! ! 111 1666 6 mmm mmmm m
Order Code Lamp
FQ 24W/860
FQ 39W/860
FQ 54W/860
FQ 80W/860
P
o
w
e
r

c
o
n
s
u
m
p
.
W
L
u
m
i
n
e
s
c
e
n
c
e
lm
L
e
n
g
t
h
mm
U
s
a
b
l
e

l
e
n
g
t
h
mm
24
39
2000
3500
54
80
5000
7000
549
849
480
780
1149
1449
1080
1380
L
a
m
p

s
o
c
k
e
t
O. C.
E
l
e
k
t
r
o
n
.

b
a
l
l
a
s
t
Order Code
S
u
p
p
l
y
v
o
l
t
a
g
e

1
0
%
V-AC
2G5
2G5
2409 B1 S
3909 B1 S
2G5
2G5
5409 B1 S
8009 L8 S
230
230
230
230
Table 2
1
2
3
4
FFF Flll luuu uooo orrr reee esss sccc ceee ennn nttt t TTT Tuuu ubbb beee e LLL Liii innn neee eaaa arrr r !!! ! 777 7 mmm mmmm m
Order Code Lamp
FM 6W/860
FM 8W/860
FM 11W/860
FM 13W/860
P
o
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e
r

c
o
n
s
u
m
p
.
W
L
u
m
i
n
e
s
c
e
n
c
e
lm
L
e
n
g
t
h
mm
U
s
a
b
l
e

l
e
n
g
t
h
mm
6
8
330
570
11
13
815
1030
219
320
159
261
422
523
363
464
L
a
m
p

s
o
c
k
e
t
O. C.
E
l
e
k
t
r
o
n
.

b
a
l
l
a
s
t
Order Code
S
u
p
p
l
y
v
o
l
t
a
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1
0
%
V-AC
W4.3
W4.3
0608 B3 S
0808 B3 S
W4.3
W4.3
1108 B3 S
1308 B3 S
230
230
230
230
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Kieler Strae 212, D-22525 Hamburg Phone (+49) 40 85 39 97-0 Fax (+49) 40 85 39 97-79 eMail: info@SuKHamburg.de Web: www.SuKHamburg.de
41
2008 E
Table 1
1
2
OOO OSSS SRRR RAAA AMMM M LLL LIII INNN NEEE EXXX X
""" "
LLL Liii innn neee eaaa arrr reee e EEE Exxx xccc ciii immm meee errr r LLL Laaa ammm mppp p SSS Syyy ysss sttt teee emmm m
Order Code
LINEX-A4-10W24
Lamp
LINEX-A3-10W40
Order Code Inverter (elektr. ballast)
P
o
w
e
r

c
o
n
s
u
m
p
.
L
u
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i
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e
s
c
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a
t
8

m
m

d
i
s
t
a
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c
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L
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g
t
h
U
s
a
b
l
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l
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g
t
h
W
24
lx
65000
40 80000
mm
276.5
mm
210
391.5 310
S
u
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v
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t
a
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1
0
%
4
x
A
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G
2
4
,
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s
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M
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x

c
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t
h
V-DC mm
230
230
3
4
5
LINEX-A4-QT-1X24/24
LINEX-A3-QT-1X24/40
Order Code
LINEX-QT-MOLEX-700
Cable set
fr LINEX-A4-10W24
fr LINEX-A3-10W40
24
24
700
LINEX

by OSRAM is a lamp system distinguished by high efficiency


and long service life up to 10,000 hours. The light source has a lumi-
nance up to 80,000 Lux
An integrated internal reflector causes an emission at an angle of 75
(see fig. 1). Due to a pulsed DC mode with an operating frequency
> 80 KHz, the light emission is free of jitter. The luminance is 250 per-
cent of a conventional fluorescent lamp operated in a sinusoidal AC
mode. Full luminance is reached in less than 100 milliseconds.
The spectrum of the xenon-filled light source (see fig. 2) corresponds
to a color temperature of 5400 K normal day light and is constant over
the entire service life.
Details and dimensional drawings: www.SuKHamburg.de/dl/linex.pdf
Xenon
Phosphor
UV radiation
172 nm
Internal Reflector
for aperture lamp
Cathode
Anode
Glass tubing
10 mm
Dielectric
barrier
Visible light
420-680 nm
Pulsed DC voltage
By using an additional cylinder lens attach-
ment linear fiber optic illumination sys-
tems achieve supreme brightness and a
homogenization of the illumination.
As primary light sources LED, halogen or
metal vapor lamps (HMI) or, for particular
high requirements, xenon lamps are used.
3
2
1
1
2
3
With xenon lamps Schfter+Kirchhoff has implemented water cooled
systems with 1 kW power.
Application: High-speed scan systems.
Fiber optical shape converters in various sizes are provided by VOLPI
(www.volpi.ch) for instance.
MTD-LED linear lights were developed in par-
ticular for CCD line camera applications. They
are based on latest LED and COB technology.
A packing density of more than 10 LEDs per cm
provides for high irradiance with homogeneous
radiation characteristic.
The linear light is built up modularly, sizes from
300 to 3000 mm are available.
Further characteristics of MTD-LED linear lights
are the use of cylinder lenses for focusing, the
integrated constant current and control elec-
tronics, as well as a balanced passive heat
management.
Application:
Inspection of length-of-fabric material with
transmitted and incident light.
Quality control in metals, paper, glass, plas-
tics, wood and textile industry
Highlights:
High power LEDs in chip-on-board techno-
logy
Homogeneous Illumination, high irradiance
Focused radiation
Long durability of the LEDs
Lengths from 300 to 3000 mm
Various diffusers applicable
Protection class IP 54
Passive heat management
Constant current control
Dimming via 0-10 VCD input, RS232 or RS422
Versions:
MTD-LED ST: compact construction, for tem-
peratures from 5 to 30 C
MTD-LED HT: for temperatures from 5 to 40 C
LED linear light high performance system Installation length 300 3000 mm
Fiber optic illumination system
Linear excimer LAMP system
Fluorescent tubes and HF Ballast
Fig. 1 Universal scan system for inspection of
length-of-fabric material, for control of geometry,
position, completeness and presence.
MTD-LED ST 300/50W
line length 300 mm, power 50 W
CCD line scan camera system by
Schfter+Kirchhoff
2
1
Mabild ??????????????
Development and distribution MTD GmbH, D-82449 Uffing, www.mtd-gmbh.de
MTD-LED ST
1
2
Fig. 2 Function Osram Linex Excimer Lamp System
2.1
13LT-250-S1+90CM-M60-... Order Code (Example)
5LT-150-1 +25CM-660-... Order Code (Example)
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42
2008 E
Laser line generator 13LT-... / 13LTM-... and 5LT-... / 5LTM-...
Application: 3D Measurements due to combined illumination
Laser triangulation:
A laser beam incident at the angle generates a
laser spot which is imaged by a lens onto a CCD
line. Changes in height shift the laser spot to the
left or to the right . Large angles result in a
small measurement range h, at small angles the
measurement range h is increased and the resolu-
tion reduced.
2
1

Online acquisition of height and width values with


a CCD line scan camera. The combined signals
of the front illumination and the structured laser
illumination falls onto the CCD sensor. The line
signal contains both, width and height informa-
tion.
Front illumination for 2D acquisition of length,
width, and contour.
Structured laser illumination for 1D height
values. Laser triangulation is used for signal
evaluation.
Front illumination only
CCD line signal, oscilloscopic diagram
Front illumination+laser:
Measurement object
too high
Front illumination+laser:
Measurement object at
desired hight
Front illumination+laser:
Measurement object
too low
1
2

h
h

X4
Figure 1: Laser Micro
Line13LT-+90CM-
Semi-telecentric
(Fan angle = 0)
Laser line,
constant line length,
edge intensity typ. 80 %,
line width 6 m FWHM.
Type 13LTM-
with extended depth of
focus, line width 50 m
FWHM
Laser micro lines are used for a structured illumination of measuring objects,
e.g. for laser triangulation (see application). Laser lines are projected onto
the measurement object perpendicular to the CCD line senor. The advan-
tage of a laser line contrary to a spot projection is a reduced demand in ad-
justment accuracy perpendicular to the CCD line sensor. Line generators by
Schfter+Kirchhoff have a beam profile toward the line given by a truncated
Gaussian profile with typically 80% edge intensity.
Integrated electronics for power control
External modulation up to 100 kHz, analog, and TTL
Laser power adjustable with potentiometer
Metal housing, diameter 25/28 mm
Maximum laser power 55 mW
Supply voltage +5V
Laser diode collimator flatbeam

90CM-...
Fluorescent tubes: FQ 24W/860 with lamp
socket G5 and electronic
balast (HF) 2409 B1 S
Laser source: Macro line generator
Order Code: 5LTM250-11+25CM-685-27-M02-A8-2
Application: Laser projection and diffraction
Measuring principle:
The laser diode collimator projects an exactly pa-
rallel bundle of rays. This is partially obstructed
by the test object. On the CCD sensor one ore
multiple shadow edges a are produced directly
and without intermediate imaging. The bound-
aries are evaluated by thresholding.
The coherent radiation yields to Fresnel diffrac-
tion patterns b , which can be evaluated for an
increased resolution of the measurement.
1
Opto-electronic measurement system with
laser diode collimator flatbeam

and CCD line scan camera


Measurement principle laser projection or diffrac-
tion. High speed sensor for diameters, geometric
shape, and edge position, as well as contraction
of hydraulic tubes.
Measurement frequency: up to 125 kHz
Measurement range: up to 36 mm (optional 60 mm)
Resolution: 0.5 m laser diffraction
10 m threshold interpolation
B
B
2
A Laser diode collimator flatbeam

by Schfter+Kirchhoff is a telecentric
(collimated) beam. It is used for illumination of measurement setups with
telecentric imaging or in case of non-imaging measurement setups, e.g. laser
projection and diffraction (see application). In one direction the laser beam
has approximately constant intensity with an edge intensity of > 70% of cen-
ter intensity. In the other direction the beam has Gaussian shape.
Beam divergence typ. 0.014 mrad
Aperture 17 - 37 mm
Wavelength 635-660 nm
Integrated electronics for power control, Max 19 mW
Laser power adjustable with potentiometer
External modulation up to 100kHz, analog, and TTL
Supply voltage +5V
2
1
2
Laser Line Generator for Structured Illumination
20%
10%
0%
0 0,75 1,5 2,25
40 m
40 m
42 m
47
L
e
i
s
t
u
n
g
s
d
i
c
h
t
e
Abstand A (mm)
Linienbreite
m (1/e
2
)
100%
50%
0%
0 0,75 1,5 2,25
8 m
80 m
160 m
240 m
L
e
i
s
t
u
n
g
s
d
i
c
h
t
e
Abstand A (mm)
Linienbreite
m (1/e
2
)
Fig. 3: Intensity profile and line width of a laser
macro line. Power density and line width are
almost constant in a working span increased
by a factor 35 compared to a laser micro line,
see Fig. 2).
Fig. 2: Intensity profile and line width of a laser
micro line. High power density and narrow line
width at focus. Line width broadening and
decreasing power density at altered working
distance.
Laser micro lines and laser macro lines:
Laser micro lines have a Gaussian beam profile
>12 m perpendicular to the line (Fig. 2).
Unlike laser micro lines, laser macro lines have a
depth of focus increased by a factor of 35.
Perpendicular to the line, the beam profile is
almost Gaussian within the depth of focus.
Beyond the depth of focus, side lopes appear due
to diffraction, (Fig. 3). Depending on working
distance, line widths starting with 40 m are
achieved. For laser macro lines, the maximum
laser power is 23 mW.
further laser line generators:
www.SuKHamburg.de/dl/bso_e.pdf
more collimators flatbeam

:
www.SuKHamburg.de/dl/bso.pdf
Laser Diode Collimator flatbeam

Figure 2: Laser diode


collimator flatbeam

Telecentric Laser
beam with
intensity distribution
Order Code (example)
90CM-M140-638-3-
Aperture 37mm
edge intensity 84%
wavelength 638 nm
Power 3 mW
2.1
2
2 4
1.2
3
a
b
4.1
1.1
1
A
A
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Kieler Strae 212, D-22525 Hamburg Phone (+49) 40 85 39 97-0 Fax (+49) 40 85 39 97-79 eMail: info@SuKHamburg.de Web: www.SuKHamburg.de
43
2008 E
Large Area Scan Macroscope for automated grid finger inspection
OEM Cameras / Special Developments
Laser reflex sensor
Wafer positioning in semiconductor industrie
B 3D measurement and inspection system
for pipelines in power plants.
A Long distance microscope
Inspection camera for semiconductor industrie
C
Camera 1
Laser L Camera 2
1
2
For more than 40 years Schfter+Kirchhoff develops opto-mechanical and opto-elec-
tronical systems for research, aviation, space flights, medical engineering, and industrial
applications.
3D measurement and inspection systems
3D measuring manipulator ITDM 190/330 for 3D profile measurement and surface
inspection of feeder pipes in pressurized water and boiling water reactors. Inspection and
examination of contaminated areas without human resources involvement. The 3D profile
measurement is based on laser light section. In order to increase resolution and mea-
suring range two camera systems are used. Due to Scheimpflug configuration of laser
line generator and cameras a constant signal amplitude is ensured.
Laser reflex sensor
Measuring camera for vertical wafer positioning. Constant signal amplitude due to
Scheimpflug configuration of laser line generator and sensor.
Long-distance microscope
Inspection camera for positioning of test electrodes onto silicon wafer. An inclined imaging
axis requires Scheimpflug configuration of test object, lens, and sensor.
C
B
A
The Scheimpflug condition is achieved by
deflecting mirrors .
By use of two cameras ( and ) with
measuring range and respectively,
the measuring range is increased.
H2 H1
2 1
M
M H1
H2
Components:
Line Scan Camera SK7500GTO-XL . . . . Page 12, 32
Lens Apo-Rodagon-N4.0/80 . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 37
Line scan camera interface SK9192D . . . . . Page 20
Cable SK90195FF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 45
Software SK91GigE-WIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 13
Illumination:
2x Excimer lamp LINEX-A4-10W24 . . . . . . . Page 41
2x HF-Inverter LINEX-RT-1x24/24 . . . . . . . . Page 41 4.1
4
3
2.1
2
1.1
1
Today, solar cells are key components of regenerative power
sources. To reach the high quality standards, manufacturing and
mounting steps are controlled automatically and with high preci-
sion. One quality and performance feature is the quality of the
collectors for current flow which are realized in silk-screen print-
ing, the so-called grid fingers and bus bars. Caused by manu-
facturing process, constriction of cross section areas and even
breaks are possible. The size of solar cells of the new generation
is 150 x 150 mm and the grid finger width is 100 m. The meas-
uring resolution of the grid finger width is 10 m. For this meas-
urement task, which has to be realized online, the digital line scan
camera SK7500DTO with 7500 pixels is highly suitable.
At a measurement field width of 150 mm, the optical resolution
is 20m. The required resolution of 10 m for the width mea-
surement is reached by using a sub-pixel algorithm. To generate
a 2-dimensional image the solar cell is moved laterally to the line
scan camera. With a horizontal frequency of 5.2 kHz and a
resolution of 20 m the transport along the measuring distance
of 150 mm is reached in 1.5 seconds.
Details see: www.SuKHamburg.de/dl/appsolar_e.pdf
1
4
4.1
3
1.1
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44
2008 E
Line Scan Cameras
12000 Pixel x 6,5 m Sensor length 78 mm
Modular
interface
concept
LVDS
TM
SK12000GPT-XA
Interface:
SK12000CPT-XA
Interface:
SK12000ZPT-XA
Interface:
TM
LVDS
No.
CCD Line Scan
Camera
Order code
1
2
SK12000GPT-XA
SK12000CPT-XA
Interface
1
Pixels
2
Max.
pixel
frequency
3
12000 20 MHz
12000 20 MHz
Max.
line
frequency
4
Video
signal
5
Pixel
size
6
Active
length
7
1.63 kHz 8 Bit
1.63 kHz 8 Bit
6,5x6,5m 78.00 mm
6,5x6,5m 78.00 mm
Anti-
Bloom
8
Integr.
Ctrl.
9
Dynamic
range
(RMS)
10
Power
supply
11
1 1
1 1
1:2000 +5V, +15V
1:2000 +5V, +15V
3 SK12000ZPT-XA 12000 20 MHz 1.63 kHz 8 Bit 6,5x6,5m 78.00 mm 1 1 1:2000 +5V, +15V
Case
type
12
Lens
thread
13
DG6 -----
DC6 -----
DL6 -----
Dimensions
Accessories: Page
Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Connection cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
External power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
DG6
DL6
*
Camera flange focal length
Interface: CameraLink SK12000CPT-XA
*
Camera flange focal length
*
Camera flange focal length
12K
Table 3
r
o
w
O4
1
2
Order Code
Rodagon 5,6/105
Apo-Rodagon-N 4,0/80
3
O5
4
5
Apo-Rodagon-N 5,6/105
Order Code
Apo-Rodagon D1x 4,0/75
Apo-Rodagon D2x 4,5/75
6
7
Apo-Rodagon D 5,6/120
MVO 1.4X
Scan Lenses and Macro Lenses
F
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F
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K
Scan Lenses
mm
106.4
82.5
5.6
4
Macro Lenses
105
75.1
74.6
5.6
4
4.5
119.9
120
5.6
4
m
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x
.

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m mm
7
7
90
85
1/6
1/10
1/2 -1/10
1/2 -1/15
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mm mm
101.5
77.0
-1.7
-2.8
mm
42.3
43.0
7 90
7
7
85
92
1/6 1/2 -1/15
1/1
1/2
0.8 -1.25
0.4 - 0.8
7
7
150
90
1/2
1/0.71
0.33 - 2
1.3 - 1.5
99.1 -3.0
61.6
72.1
-14.8
-2.2
54.3
M
3
9
x
1
/
2
6
"
53.0
43.0
112.9
66.7
-2.98
-30.1
43.4
63.2 -
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mm
50.0
50.0
mm mm
867
995
745
908
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mm
99.7
65.8
1x
1x
1x
2x
50.0
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0
.
5
x
0
.
5
50.0
50.0
855 735
286
334
150
224
50.0
64.0 M52
537
464
360
205
97.1 1x
117
89.9
1x
1x
1x
1x
2x
153
216
1x
1x
1x 1x
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mm
1x 7.7
3.8
1x 5.1
1x
1x
5.2
7.9
2x 1.4
Lens thread
M39 x 1/26 Line No. 7
SK12000ZPT-XA Interface: LVDS
Line scan camera:
SK12000GPT-XA
SK12000CPT-XA
SK12000ZPT-XA
8.0
7.2
6.4
5.6
4.8
4.0
3.2
2.4
1.6
0.8
0
400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100
Lambda (nm)
(
V
/

J
/
c
m
2
)
Relative spectral responsitivity
*
High-resolution digital CCD line scan camera with
anti-blooming function, integration control, CDS
technology, 4 x programmable gain/offset, externally
(master clock) or internally (quartz crystal oscillator)
programmable pixel frequency and integrated test
signal generator.
Technical Data Interface:
Camera type: SK12000GPT-XA GigE
SK12000CPT-XA CameraLink
SK12000ZPT-XA LVDS
Pixels: 12000
Pixel size: 6.5 x 6.5 m
Pixel pitch: 6.5 m
Active length: 78.00 mm
Pixel frequency: 20 MHz
Line frequency: 1.63 kHz
Integration time: min. 0.01ms
max. 20 ms
Dynamic range: 1: 2000 (rms)
Spectral range: 350 - 1050 nm
Power supply: +5 V, +15 V
Operating power
consumption: < 4 W
S/W
S/W
LVDS S/W
Application
O4
O5
Interface: GigE SK12000GPT-XA
DC6
Order Code
Order Code
*
*
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45
2008 E
PC
interface
Camera
PC
interface
PC
interface
Camera
Connection Cables for CCD Line Scan Cameras
CAT6 cable for CCD-
line scan cameras
with GigE Vision
interface
Shielded CAT6 patch
cable, halogen-free, both sides with
RJ45 connectors for Gigabit Ethernet
CAT6.3 Order Code
3 = 3 m cable length
(standard length)
5 = 5 m
10 = 10 m
30 = 30 m
max. length=100m
Control cable SK9018...
for CCD line scan
cameras with
CameraLink interface
26-pin shielded cable, both sides with
mini ribbon connector (male, 26-pin)
SK9018.5-MM Order Code
MM = connector both
sides (male)
3 = 3 m cable length
5 = 5 m (standard
cable length)
x = length
customized
max. length=10 m
Connection cable
SK9019... for CCD line
scan cameras with
LVDS interface
camera series XSD,
DPD, DPT, DJRC etc. 36-pin shielded
cable, for camera and video signal.
Standard: 3 m length both sides with
36-pin. Centronics connector (female).
SK9019.3 FF Order Code
FF= connector both
sides (female)
F = connector one
side einseitig (female)
3 = 3 m (standard)
max. 5 = 5 m
length = 20m x = customized
Connection cable
SK9019... for CCD line
scan cameras with
LVDS interface camera
series XSD, DPD, DPT,
DJRC etc. 36-pin shielded cable, for
camera- and video signal. Standard:
3 m cable length, both sides with 36-
pin Centronics connector (female).
SK9019.3 FF Order Code
FF= connector both
sides (female)
F = connector one
side (female)
3 = 3 m (standard)
max. 5 = 5 m
length = 50m x = customized
Power supply cable for
merger box
Shielded cable
with Lumberg connec-
tor SV60 (male, 6-pin)
and Sub-D connector (female, 9-pin)
SK9023.1,5 Order Code
Standard cable length 1.50m
Cable for supply
power SK9015... for
CCD line scan came-
ras with CameraLink
interface.
Shielded cable with connector Lum-
berg SV60 (male, 6-pin) and connector
Hirose HR10A (female, 6-pin)
SK9015.1,5MF Order Code
MF = connector
(male /female)
1,5 = 1.5 m (standard)
3 = 3 m cable length
x = length
customized
External synchro-
nization cable for
CCD line scan
cameras with GigE
Vision interface
BNC coaxial cable with Hirose
Connector HR10A (female, 12-pin)
SK9024.3 Order Code
3 = 3 m (standard)
5 = 5 m cable length
x = length
customized
Power Supply
PS051515
Order Code
Input: 100 - 240V AC
0.8A
50/60 Hz
Input connector according IEC 320
(3-pin)
Output:
5VDC/2.5A, 15VDC/0.5A,
-15VDC/0.3A
Output connector Lumberg KV60
(6-pin, female), length 1m
Power Supply
PS051515
Order Code
Input: 100 - 240V AC
0.8A
50/60 Hz
Input connector according IEC 320
(3-pin)
Output:
5VDC/2.5A,
15VDC/0.5A,
-15VDC/0.3A
Output connector Lumberg KV60
(6-pin, female),length 1m
Cable extension possible via USB-Hub
PC
interface
not required
not required
Data and control cable are firmly
connected ti the camera
Max. length=2 m
Connection cable
SK9017 for CCD line
scan cameras with
analog interface,
camera series SD, JRI,
JRC etc. Set with shielded control and
coaxial cable. Control cable both sides
with 15-pin Sub-D connector.
SK9017 Order Code
standard cable length 3m
SK9014 Order Code each additional
meter cable set
CameraLink
Camera
back plane
and
interfaces
Data / control cable Cable for external synchronization
External power supply
Cable for power supply Power Supply
External
synchro-
nization
External synchronization is
provided via PC interface
External synchronization is
provided via PC interface
External synchronization is
provided via PC interface
(CameraLink grabber)
External synchronization is
provided via PC interface
Synchronization cable is firmly fixed to
the camera
LVDS
Merger Box
USB 2.0
Analog
LVDS
Power supply
SXI-30
Order Code
Input: 170-264V AC
0.5A
47-63Hz
Output:
5V DC/4A,
15V DC/1A,
-15V DC/0.5A
Output connector Lumberg KFV60
(6-pin, female)
Cable for supply
power SK9015... for
CCD line scan
cameras with GigE Vi-
sion interface
Shielded cable with connector Lum-
berg SV60 (male, 6-pin) and Hirose
HR10A (female, 6-pin)
SK9015.1,5MF Order Code
MF = connector
(male /female)
1,5 = 1.5 m
0,2 = 0,2 m length
CAB0515.10 extension cable for
SK9015.0,2-MF, 10 m
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46
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BG1 GigE line scan camera body type: BG Lens thread: C-Mount BG2 GigE line scan camera body type: BG2 Lens thread: M40x0.75
BG3 GigE line scan camera body type: BG3 Lens thread: M45x0.75 CG5 GigE line scan camera body type: CG5 Lens thread: M72x0.75
Dimensional drawings
AC1 CameraLink line scan camera body type: AC1 Lens thread: C-Mount
AC3 CameraLink line scan camera body type: AC3 Lens thread: M45x0.75
CCD line scan cameras with CameraLink interface
CCD line scan cameras with GigE Vision
TM
interface
AC2 CameraLink line scan camera body type: AC2 Lens thread: M40x0.75
CC5 CameraLink line scan camera body type: CC5 Lens thread: M72x0.75
L
e
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m
o
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t
M
7
2
x
0
.7
5
5
2.7 DB (8x)/5x7 7
L
e
n
s
m
o
u
n
t
M
7
2
x
0
.7
5
AU2
CU5
CCD line scan cameras with USB 2.0 interface
AU1
L
e
n
s
m
o
u
n
t
M
7
2
x
0
.7
5
Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm
CCD sensor
71 65
C-Mount 2.5 6
4
23.6
17.5
5
8
4
1
.
7
6
5

6
5

4
2
11.1
Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm
CCD sensor
80 65
M45x0.75 2.5 6
4
32.1
26.8
5
8
4
1
.
7
6
5

6
5

4
7
.
5
5
0
/
M
3
/
4
x
9
0

Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm
M3 (4x90)
depth 6.5 mm
CCD sensor
73
65
M40x0.75 2.5 6
19.5
5
8
4
1
.
7
6
5
5
0

6
5

4
2
12.7
25.1 4
5
0
/
M
3
/
4
x
9
0

19.7
Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm
CCD sensor
60.5 65
C-Mount 2.5 6
17.5
4
1
.
7

4
2
11
Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm
CCD sensor
70 65
M45x0.75 2.5 6
26.8
4
1
.
7

4
7
.
5
19.7
Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm CCD sensor
52 65
C-Mount 2.5 6
17.5
4
1
.
7

4
2
11
Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm CCD sensor
61 65
M45x0.75 2.5 6
26.8
4
1
.
7

4
7
.
5
19.7
AU3
Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm
CCD sensor
62.5 65
M40x0.75 2.5 6
19.5
4
1
.
7

4
2
12.7
Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm
CCD sensor
54 65
M40x0.75 2.5 6
19.5
4
1
.
7

4
2
12.7
49 75/M4
60/6.5
84
75/M4
3
4
/
M
4
/
4
x
9
0

6
8
x
4
6
4
6
x
6
8
M
7
2
x
0
.
7
5
12
8
5
2.7 DB(8x) /5x7 7
40 75/M4
60/6.5
84
75/M4
3
4
/
M
4
/
4
x
9
0

6
8
x
4
6
4
6
x
6
8
M
7
2
x
0
.
7
5
12
8
5
2.7 DB(8x) /5x7 7
31
75/M4
60/6.5
84
75/M4
3
4
/
M
4
/
4
x
9
0

6
8
x
4
6
4
6
x
6
8
M
7
2
x
0
.
7
5
12
8
USB line scan camera body type: AU2 Lens thread: M40x0.75 USB line scan camera body type: AU1 Lens thread: C-Mount
USB line scan camera body type: AU3 Lens thread: M45x0.75 USB line scan camera body type: CU5 Lens thread: M72x0.75
S
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47
2008 E
Dimensional Drawings
CCD line scan cameras with analog interface
RA1 Analog line scan camera body type: RA1 Lens thread: C-Mount RA2 Analog line scan camera body type: RA2 Lens thread: M40x0.75
AL1
CCD line scan cameras with LVDS interface
AL2 LVDS line scan camera body type: AL2 Lens thread: M40x0.75 LVDS line scan camera body type: AL1 Lens thread: C-Mount
CL5 LVDS line scan camera body type: CL5 Lens thread: M72x0.75
L
e
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t
M
7
2
x
0
.7
5
AL3 LVDS line scan camera body type: AL3 Lens thread: M45x0.75
Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm
CCD sensor
49 65
C-Mount 2.5 6
17.5
4
1
.
7

4
2
11
Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm CCD sensor
58 65
M45x0.75 2.5 6
26.8
4
1
.
7

4
7
.
5
19.7
Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm
CCD sensor
51 65
M40x0.75 2.5 6
19.5
4
1
.
7

4
2
12.7
5
2.7 DB(8x) /5x7 7
28 75/M4
60/6.5
84
75/M4
3
4
/
M
4
/
4
x
9
0

6
8
x
4
6
4
6
x
6
8
M
7
2
x
0
.
7
5
12
8
Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm
CCD sensor
61
C-Mount
17.5

3
6
Pixel No.1
M3 (4x)
depth 6.5 mm
CCD sensor
62 54
M40x0.75 2.5 6
19.5
3
4

4
2
6.5
3
2
.
5
54
14 6 2.5
CCD Line Scan Cameras: 12000 Pixel x6.5 m, sensor length 87 mm
SK12000ZPT-XA DL6
Interface: GigE
Interface: CameraLink
Interface: LVDS
SK12000GPT-XA DG6
SK12000CPT-XA DC6
*
Camera flange focal length
*
Camera flange focal length
*
Camera flange focal length
*
*
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Kieler Strae 212, D-22525 Hamburg Phone (+49) 40 85 39 97-0 Fax (+49) 40 85 39 97-79 eMail: info@SuKHamburg.de Web: www.SuKHamburg.de
48
2008 E
OPTICS
,
METROLOGY AND PHOTONICS BY
40 years of experience and a lot of production know-how are the base of many advanced optical products and optoelectronic systems designed by Schfter + Kirchhoff
Laser and Optics for AFM Optical Design Service Laser Diode Systems in Space Photolytic CNS Stimulation IORT Electron Applicator
German Patent:
DE 39 00 884
Orbital Tube Welding Head 160-VIS
LIRillumination
head
TIGtorch
IR camera
head
L
L
International Patents:
Germany DE33 39182
Europe EUO160 687
Product Catalogs:
also available at www.sukhamburg.de