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Edited Printed, Published and owned, by ELCHURI VENKAT RAO,


Printed at Kalajyothi Process Ltd. RTC 'X' Roads, Chikkadapalli, Hyderabad,
Publication at Road No. 5, Plot No.17, Jawahar Colony, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad-500033.
Editor : ELCHURI VENKAT RAO. Email : elchuri ayuruvedam @yahoo.com

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eHsTT #+# +&#s #+# *| |s>&T|q
d$+#*. d$+q >+ es eTs$T d$+#s<T.
#de+f NeTTs&+ ZbsTT yTT\\T L& m+&bsTT
u< ysD neT+~.

<>TZ yTT<q }|]T\ deTd\

|q *|q $<+> jsT#dq eTius&T #seTTqT


|P be{dH y<T> eT&T|P{ |
_jTeTT &q {yd *| d$de+f HTsT +
$s#H\T n<TeTT> T+jYT.

$$< s\ ` H{ y<T\
eTi#T us&T u&T eTTqT rdT= & q\>>={
|< >dT {yd d> eT]+ e&bd >sTy#>
nsTTq sTy cj H{bdT= |*+
ePdyd e +f >Tsy | H{|+&T H\T|P yTT<q e
eT+> ZbsTT >TsT <+\T >{|&jYT.
|d_&\ H{ eq |+& # >+<>,
cj > <~ &| _&\ H{ n<T e+f
|d_&\ H{ deTd\T L& ZbjYT.

u< >\ bs\ $|


MT b +\ eTq j T T s < + ed |
\_+#b, k | $\ e{& y]
b H q+sY rd T = y + H e * j T
C j T +& . +f MT b +\ eTq| q T
|+|D#d u<qT MTs rdT+&. kjT++
y eTqs\j bH#d m&sY@\]
m&sY ` |+& @\]
>] d+|~+#+&.

|q *|q $<+> jsT#dq eTius&T#seTT be


{dH y<T> rdT= besT eT+{ yd d>eTT
cjTeTT $Tes qeT+|q eTs>u{ ~+ e&{,
n~ >sTy#> nsTTqsTy n+<T =~> | ,
+&#s> *| s+&T|P d$de+f <>TZ,
\TT, |useTT, <Z H{qT+& s+|&+, >=+T|+&T
e&+, yTT<q deTd\T V]+bjYT.

d> (>H]j) s>eTTq


eTi#T us&T 10 >eTT\T rdT= sT {
bd H\T>ee+T cjTeTT $Tes eTs>u{ e&{
>sTy#> nsTTq sy < #+# +&#s *|
s+&T|P d$de+f d>s>eTT n<XyTbT+~.

eT<TyTVeTTq
eTi#T ysT|u>eTTq e+& us&TqT rdT= &
& m+&u{ <+ b& #dTy*. b& &|{
| \ T# eg| [ + # d s> T \ | ] d {
|P>, s+&T|P>, {dH y<T> >dT
eT+{ *| >Te+f eT+> eT<TyTVs>eTT
ysD n>TjT >, eT<TyTVs>+ e\q sTTq
\eTTL& ] d+$TdT+~.

>T+>\>s |#& +T+f +& y+T\ *esY \+ |sT>TT+~.

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

>|]sD & |]X<H +< $s$Tq <\T


l bweT]
sT|
s. 10,116/`
l . MsjT >sT,
V<su< s. 10,000/`
l C. syTwtuT
sjT<TsZ+ s. 10,000/`
leT sY. dyD,
nyT]
s. 9,000/`
leT jT+. nsTDe]
|se*
s. 5,300/`
l m. dseTjT
V<su< s. 5,300/`
l m.qsd+Vs&
V<su< s. 5,300/`
leT m. CHusTT
eTTb
s. 5,300/`
l &. dseT
V<su< s. 5,300/`
leT $. s\
V<su< s. 5,300/`
leT sY. s\
V<su< s. 5,100/`
(ls|* \jT, $jT\ <+|T\ kss+)
leT |. >jT<$
>T+
s. 5,000/`
l . \HsjTD
H>
s. 5,000/`
(leT . $eT<$, l Xese>s kss+)
l . V]se
d+<u< s. 4,500/`
leT \ y]
V<su< s. 4,000/`
l . Vq+<s&
sjT<TsZ+ s. 2,650/`
leT |. $
nq+|s+ s. 2,650/`
l |. d+|PseT
V<su< s. 2,000/`
ly. l<sY
V<su< s. 1,500/`
ls|TH<Xs
c<q>sY s. 1,200/`
l |. seTw,
|qT=+& s. 1,116/`
leT _. eT
DT
s. 1,116/`
l jT+.jTdt.$. s|TT
@\sT
s. 1,116/`
l . y+dTuse >sT, es+> s. 1,011/`
l d.V#Y. qsd+V+
V<su< s. 1,000/`
l jT+. |k<se
;eT&\T s. 1,000/`
l seTw
V<su< s. 1,000/`
l yTTVeT< n+C< bc, n<+
s. 1,000/`
leT . X\
s\T
s. 1,000/`

l $.$.jT. HsjTD
e] s
l . seTH<+
l C. H>eTXs se
l|. y+{ s&
l y.. d<s
l sY. |.sese
leT +>sT \
leT y. ds
l |. w
l jTT. MsE
l m. qsE
l jTdt. seTw
l &. duCH
l. m.$.$.jTH.se
l $. +>jT
leT . \
l m.$. <H<
jT+. s<c s&
leT V#Y. l<$
l {. sCwt eT]jTT us
u_. jTdtjTdtl
l sY. jTH. eesY
l $.$.jTdt. dTVD+
l d.sY.C. \
l .$. s$esY
_. >]|k<
l y.jTdt.sY. >b\w
l $. u\jT
l {.jTH.. eT]
l jT+. bsE

dq|*
s. 1,000/`
$jTy& s. 1,000/`
V<su< s. 700/`
|se*b+ s. 700/`
Hs&T#s
s. 520/`
$jTy&
s. 508/`
>T$TsT
s. 501/`
eu<
s. 501/`
e]
s. 501/`
u<H
s. 501/`
&jT+
s. 500/`
qes+
s. 500/`
ms&
s.500/`
b<TsT s. 500/`
H\sT
s. 500/`
&s
s. 500/`
V<su< s. 500/`
s+|{
s. 500/`
$Ts\>& s. 500/`
V<su< s. 500/`
V<su< s. 500/`
V<su< s. 500/`
|<X+s+|{ s. 250/`
V<su< s. 200/`
V<su<
s.200/`
nq+|s+ s. 200/`
eTT<|*
s. 200/`
X+>e+
s. 150/`
=|*
s. 116/`
d+<u< s. 100/`
neTT<\e\d s. 50/`

<\T eT *<+&T\ eTT\ C|s+ ><q+ #jT+&.


>e\ bwD $T+ <s+> $s\T n+~+ use sD #jTe+&.
eTT\+sd+ | 2 > | *| eT+ k|> edT+~.

|e], 2008

n+<] jTTs<+

jTTs< ed|

@| 25 qT+& 30e B es V<su<


500 eT+~ jTTs< |#s\ |P] D
y~ : jddt d |t m, HsjTDeT +]+> C |q
yTVB|+ qT+& >u* d&jT+ s&T >\ <sZd+sY e<, V<su<.
eg<sD : |sTw\T \ egeTT\T, d\T |# egeTT\T <]+#*. me] e\dq
\T, <T|T, nqeTT H |T, sT > >dT ys #Ty*. |\\qT rdT se<T.
sqTbqT me] |jD KsT\T ys u]+#*. K<q edTe\T L&<T.

|yX|eTT
1. nu] |sT............................................................
2. sTHe...........................................................
....................................................................
.....................................bH ...............................
3. $<s\T ........................................................
4. e eT]jTT <jT+ (d+) :..................................
5. @ j esZeTTq #+~qysT?..............................
6. MT jesZ+ meT+&\TqjYT ?......................
7. zs d+K m+?.................................................
8. MT m eT+&\ m+eT+~ nqT+<+
e+~...............................................................
9. D s T y sE m > + \T | # s + # j T
>\sT...............................................................
10. 15 qT+& 30 eT+~ jTTs<Jeq$Cqy~ XKqT
bs+_+# >\s?..................................................
11. n+<] jTTs<+ ed| \qT H\ H m+{ |\
n+~e>\sT? ........................................................
12. ]+> s>|s+> MTsT u< eHs? d+w+>
eHs?...........................................................
* |q *|q $eseTT\ jT<se TT\ <M]d, d+d jTeT
<q\qT { s> $Cq+ |#s+ #jT>\q |eD+
#jT T#THqT.
.......................
- nu ] d++

|yX ns\T
O @ u< \T u<s +B\T ] +<T\T
+& |P] s>+ e+& eT Xw
J$ jTTs< Jeq $Cq |#s
n++ #jT>\ BsT\, Bs<T\
<X |$T\ b<q e&TT+~.
O \,eT, es, esZ, b+ u<\T
deT V<jT T\ eyT k>+
O Ts \| + #dy], ds< > \+
>&|y] J$+ <&yTq \+
y] |yX + <T .
O U> <=]q |D |s|s+ d+
$j+#\H <&B<\T >\
<j s V<jT T\ |T qk>+ .
O >e sD, <Xe d+sD,
u e |]sD J$ >+ #jT
> \ > < qT\ V < j T | P s
dTk>+ .

eTTK >eT : nusT\T <sUdT


|eTTqT +| < bT MT bdtbsY dE
b{qT eT]jTT d+ sTHe ydq s.5
k+| n+q esTqT |s |+b*.
MT <sUdT |]o*+ y<eTT K <s
*jTCjT&TqT. > _s <sUdT #d
neXeTT s bs\ K <s $es\T
|+|eTT. n~ #~$ MTsT eTs <sUdT
#jT+&. nsY _s Vsq nusT\T
e T y ~ q T | + | y d $ _s
nqTeT b+<+&.

<sUdT dsD KsT ~


29`02`08

<sUdT\qT |+|e\dq sTHe


|+& @\], n+<] jTTs<+, b{ H+. 17, s& H+.5, eVsY q>sY \, p;V,
V<su< ` 500 033 nH sTHe 29`02`08 B> |+b*.

$es\ bH : 040`23547132, d : 9849017675


&< >TeT& >TEqT \ |Pd \ y& nDbT+~.

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

`|+& @\]
> ed|\ eT<TyTV+ $+_+#
{ >\ sD$T{, H{ <T\T eT
Vs $Vs eeVs\ <s bsbT #d
@ $<+> eT<TyTV = #T+THs
$e]+#+ ]+~. eTq+ @ |\T #jT+
e\ y~ ed+ <, | \qT d]~<T eyT
ndq Ww<+. sTy +< #|ujT
$$< dT\Tyq esZ\ @< { #]+#*.

Ce ` J$+# j>+
u> s> +>eq CeT# T q T+& , kj T + +
dsdeTjT+|\ #T qeTd]+, MT eT<TyTVs>+
>T]+ #| s>+qT+& b&e\d+~> bsq#d, #T
qT+& qT rdTy*. eT +&, eT
eTT<Ts+& eT<s+> e+&*. < <TeTT+&
&>*. >dt #]q { qT s|Pyd
eT|{ e+#*.
<jT+ <+<eq+ >H qT rdyd {
<q+> =+#+=+#+ >*. ~ q >+es
eTsMT >L&<T, qL&<T.
$<+> esTd> 30 qT+& 40 sE\T es >T#
e+f Xss+> eT<TyTV+ n<T| edT+~.
O <$<+> n\Hs& L& #jTe#T.

+~ $wjT+ MT <w ed
y+H e *jTCjT+&.
|jTyTq bss! =+eT+~ jTTs< y<T\eT
#|=+, eTq d+d |sT #| eTq |qT #|+,
nH s\ Ww<\T neTT THs e <w e+~.
n+{ ysT MT |d, y+H y] \Bd, n& qT+&
e bH <s *jTCd, y] dsb |\
*jTCjTe\d+~> sTTHeTT.
b H : 040` 23547132, 9849017675,
9949529696.` m&sY @\]

|r> ` sT>T j>+


eT<TyTV y~e\ e# s nHs>\qT
deT\+> s\q+ #jT>\ eTVs Ww<X
|r> e+~. <jT+ Vs ns>+ eTT+<T
qT & (|< <T) =+#+ =+#+ H{ ydT=
yT\> q$T* H*. Be\ m+ksTTeq eT<TyTV
s>yTH 20 sEH |P]n<T| edT+~.
n+>+&, eT<TyTVy~>dT\ d&m|> e#
sbT, >T+&bT, =k, yTH=|\T, #sy<T\T
$ y] s+& #jT+qT, eq y] Zbe&
dV]dT+~.

+>& ` s> j>+


+>&T#T, |s>#T eTqsw+ m&<T.
#T yTVs>\|q m+ |ue++> |#kj
*dqysT L& sT.
+>&T +\b& < +>&T|Pe\b&, +{ =Tq
|dT|, d]jT\ |us&Tb&, M{ dequ>+> rdT=
*| \Tee+#Ty*.

b++q +>Te 1 > y&{ *| &T|H=|, $s#H\T >TZjYT.

|e], 2008

n+<] jTTs<+

jTTs< ed|

T\d ` T\ j>+

sp s+&T|P Vs ns>+eTT+<T ns#+#


qT+& #+# es neds{, | >sTy# {
d$de+f yTV|ue+ eT+> ZbsTT eT<TyTV+ 40
sE |P]> <]=dT+~.
I sTy eT<TyTV ksTT { y<TqT Z+
y&Ty*.
b&e\ eT<TyTV+ >ZyT, b&e\ eq n]
eT+\T, e+{ #TsT\T, \bT, #s+| <Ts<\T, <<TsT
L& ZbjYT.

eTq <e |sT |{q


# nH $ s>\qT
d+V]+#>\$. n+ XeT+
yTq$ { , y|qT \ n,
T\d T\XeT <e n,
eTs& k e ds|
eT, nH# |sT
|{ s T . M{ \ sTT e \
qeTjT X nH Bs
* s>\qT L& <+d+
#jT>\T>T>T#T+< nH
|]X<q sTEy+~. $es\T \TdT+<+.
wT\d (q\) , eTT<TsTyb, es&, T$T|P\
, +|P\, q\$T]j\T M{ dequ>\T>
rdTy*. $&$&> & & su{ <+ b&#d
$T]j\qT ysTT+ b& #dTy*. ne esTd> <
{ \T|y*.
sp s+&T|P Vs ns>+ eTT+<T ns#+#
qT+& #+#es, y~ reqT{ #]q {,
*| d$d e+&*.
Be\ eT<TyTV+ K+> 40 sE <] edT+~.
;.|., =k, >T+&bT, #ss>\T, |s>\T, dTK
s>\T, L& n<T| edjYT.

<ojT >eekjT+ ` <X s+


#+ d+
eTq sw+
9
+< ` >X\\T k|+
#\
|
{+
<\T <X |
$T\T ` <ojT <eT+ u>keTT\T +&.
|jTyTq bss! +< |s=q&q , eT+&\ +<\ >X\\T k|+#uTH+.
= >X\ d+ 20 e\qT |+#T y{<s d+~jT, dJe eekj m#j
@ |T& +& eeT+, e|&, eHsTT, yTT<q y{ jsq d<o msTe\qT
|j+ n~ ~>T&, n~ u\qT mb+<, jb+\ s+> D<s
H]+#&+ sT>TT+~. <s >eTsD , |sesD |]sD , <Xd + sD neX+ \T>TT+~.
{, C XjT dTqT, <X |> sTH <X_eqT\+ dV s n+~ee\d+~> sTTH+.
eTq sw+ 2 3 \qT *| +<+> ssTT+#&+ ]+~. b+\ ys+
>X\\qT ]+#{ nqTyq d\ + ss TT+ e bH <s *jTCjT e\d+~> |\T|dTH +.
1) sT, H\sT, |X+ 2) >T+sT, c\T 3) sT><e], |eT ><e]
4) $XK, l+, $jTq>s+ 5) &|, s\T, nq+|s+ 6) V<su<, eTVuq>sY,
s+>s&, yT< 7) eu<, ~u< 8) +q>sY, es+> 9) KeT+, qZ+&.

>e\ d+ MT $s\qT d<H>sTq jTTs< |s+ V<su< nH |sT


&.&. rd | sTHe |+|>\sT.
$es\ : |+& @\], 040`23547132, 9849017675
d+|~+#e\dq y\T : k 5 >+ qT+& 7 >+ es (_s\T sE\)
\e+>\b& |||qT| |& u< y+H ZbT+~.

10 n+<]

jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

|jTyTq bss! e\>T]+ = e+<\


d+es\ bT sp #|=+eH s>q
n<T $Cq $Xc\T =\\T> eqjYT. e
H&T eTq<X<T ||+# eTqT>&
e+&<T . ee\H |+#u \ L&q |sesD+
|]s+ | &TT+~. {, MTMTb+\ e\qT
neTuj T nej T \ eWq * |
>e<qT w~+#& MT|jT+ MTsT#jT+&.
ee\ * > | j H\qT yd + <s
|\+<] *jTCjT+&.

ns#+#, H be#+#, q\T e&bdq e|&sd+


25 >, e eT{ |&>, >Eb> *|
d<+ #dTy*. ds<j eTT+< kq+ #d q
\T <]+ <sTT+# dsT m<TsT> \&
X n#Tq+ >$+< Hy#sD uwCY
qX+ d\s>: d+ d+ e<eTV+
nH ds bsH^ eT&TksT sDX~>
#]+, Ww< y<T> =+#+=+#+>
d$+#*. <$<+> |sp jsT#dT= esTd> 40
qT+& 100 sE\ es d$de+f eTs yTT<q s>\T
V]+bjYT.

#$s>eTT\ ` >eT Ww<+


@&TksT e&{q 20 > HT eeTeTT 2 >
d+<e\eD+ *| ]+ e&bd \Tee+#T= sp
s+&T|P eT&T#T\T #e\ yd+f #$bT #$
<Ts< #$qT+& NeTTs&+, #$|+&T, #e&T yTT<q #$
deTd\T #|+& b]bjYT.

#s+| <Ts<\T,
<<TsT, &TeTT V]+#T
sp HT e\|&qT e yTTeTT |{+#T= n~
m+&bjT es m+& Ls= sTy >sTy# {
kq+#d+f ys+ sE |q #|q #sdeTd\T
V]+bjYT.

>eT deq u\T


<jTyT HTee<bsTT |+&T>, eTs<H
VseTT|{ n~ eTeTT bd|&T yTT<{, e]
eT $&|{ eT< eT eT{b |T=
@&TksT q\T e&bd ns| y<T> #+#
H *|>, \|+&>, |s>&T|q |+ >T
e+f XseTT <Twy&$T, |>T\ eTT\T, &T|
\\T nq> jTeTT |VeTT e~#+<&+ V]+bsTT d<
d+|Ps s>+ \T>TT+~.

eTs, n|kseTT,
Vd]j V]+#T
HTeb\T 200 > (dTesT |), e&bdq HT
eeT+ 50 >, HT e|sT>T 15 >, eHsTT

+ eHsTT d$d ` +&T s>+


|sp Vs+ mesT eHsTT q+<+> d$d
e+{s y] J$eTT >T&qeTT sHs<T. eHsTT
y&y] * n<TeTT> e+T+~. Xs \eTT m|{
>Z<T. XseTT y, |, | d++<yTq deTds>\T
V]+bjYT. Xs+, T~, dT e~#+<TjYT.
XseTT #]q s>s eTT\T deTd+ d+V]+#&
d+|Ps jTTe d~dT+~.

ne, ndqeTT V]+#T


|sp HT eb\qT =~ y<T> eTT+<T
bs+_+ eT+> |+#T |> e\dq >T
e+f XseTT nd\+> |]q y] =e ]bsTT
eTseT+<T\T y& nedseTT +& HE> dq&sT.
n<$<+> dq> eqysT eb\qT |> >T
e+f |w> ds+>dT+<s+> |sT>TsT n n<sD
y<+ #|&q + ns+ #dT+&. #]+#+&.

e\T e~+|&+& b&{ |jT+#+&.


eTT\+ <T+|\ &< 2 > | y&{ *| &s ]bjYT.

|e], 2008

n+<] jTTs<+

jTTs< ed|

`|+& @\]
eTq sw+ eTq bNq jTTs< y<T\T
bNH+< b++ |U jTTs< y<T\T> |sTb+~q y] |<Vse Xu #+~q
=sT desE>sT |eTTKT\T. jTq desJjTeTT nH n<TyTq y<>+< s+#sT.
>+<eTT \T>T q& b+\ n+ |C<sDqTb+~ >+<|sqeTT <s nH y\ \\eT+~
y<|#s\T js nH{ |\ jTTs< y<de\qT n+~+#sT. desE>sT e\+
y<suwDT&<T, >=|$, eTV|+&T&T, E&T, VQ>+< |o\&T n \TdT+~. jTq
\eTT nH b+\qT d+<]+ j# nH y<$wj\qT y< d+|<j\qT d]+
y{ qnqTueeTT <s d]#dT= sTy nqTuy\qT n+{ *| desJjTeTT
nH|sT y< >+< s+#sT.
ns\ s\T V]+bjT des|+&T\T
|s=HsT.

<w ` s d+Vs cjT+


y&TdeT\+, |r> deT\+, k+], |wseT\+
M{ ={ |~>eTT\ #=|q rdT= besT
eT+{ yd d> eTs>u{ e&bd >sTy#>
s+&T|P d$de+f Xw, y || yTq s\T
Xds>\T, ds>\T, nsT, bsXS\ M{ *de+&
y| | d++<yTq dss\T X$T+bjYT.

s|&T\T @$T qe#T ?


bjT, e+jT, eTT<TsT >TeT&jT, sjT,
=jTLs, q\eT+Ls (q\T&), b_jTeTT,
bq>+{Ls, |dsT, ns{jT, $ s|&T\
m\|&T VseTT\T> e+jYT.

s|&T\T @$T qL&<T ?


ns\ = <H\T, |Ls\T, <V+|{+#
|<s\T, y&#d |<s\T, |>{<, kqeTT, q\T>T
uTe&+, d d+u>+, me> nTT d+#s+ #jT&+,
|eTT |<]+#&+, m+& s>+ yTT<q y{
s|&T\T w~+#*.

dss Vs cjT+
>+Tus+, T+>>&\T, |seTT, <Ts<>=+&
(rsTT\) ysT, k+], H\yeTT, #+>\w, ||,
H\eTT\, |r>, n&ds+H\T, M{ ={ 5 >\
#=|q rdT= q\>>={ besT eT+{ yd d>
cjT+ $T eTs>u{ e&bd s+&T|P d$de+f

ns\ s\ ` neT\~ #s+


+\Trdq d]jTus&T, eT\+ysT, sjT
us&T, <s>ysTT+q || M{ ={ 50 >\T
#=|q rdT= #seTT\ d+<e\eD+ 30> *|
\Tee+# T y*. @s y T q s e TT eqy s H
#seTTqT seTTjTT |]d { s \qT {
s+&T eT&TksT ns#+# qT+& #+# y<Tes
| >sTy#{ { *| d$de+f ns\T
V]+bjYT. #seTT XseTT @<weTTHH
u~+ , Xc V]+yd ss s*+, H{ eT+sT
|{+ JsX L& n$TeTT> |+#TT+~.

<TwseTT\qT ` <TqTe& j>+


s b+\ d+#]+#|&T <TwyTq >&+
e\ <Tw\bq yTq <sTDs\T d+u$d e+jYT.
n+{ |]d j> #]+#*.
s j T \u s & T , y b , k+] , e T\+y s T
d+<e\eD+ M{ |q*|q y<T\ >V+ #seTT
#dT= |q *|q$<+>H d$de+f <Tws\T <s+>
b]bjYT.

eTTq> Lse+& +T+f ss |] u> * |&TT+~.

11

12

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

`|+& @\]
e |jTyTq \Ts! ns! #s! ess!
&s! H&T MTs+ nH s\ nHs> u<\
deTeTe eHsT. MT deTd\T |]cs+d+ m+<s+<s
y<T\ #T sT>T |*+ |+# @$T#j b\Tb
u<|&TTHsT. , MTdeTd\ d]jTq de<H\T MTe<H
MT#T\H eHjTH + MT *jT&+<T. m<TsT> eq
neT+ q $TqyTq Vs Ww<\qT e~*|{ &T KsT|{
M<T\ $c\qT =qT= = = s>\qT =#Te<T.
+< #|ujT dT\u esZ\qT MTsT #]+ MT s>
~<T= MT *dq eTq &|\\+<] esZ\qT u~+#
e\d+~> ddTHeTT.

uuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu
m\|& eT n+<#+<\T b&T+ e+&*. n+<T
nedsyTq dT\Tyq =esZ\qT e |jT bs k+<s
sX\ n+~dTHeTT.

\ ` \\s *q j>+
50 > \s Xu+> #] <jT+qT+& ses
eT<eT< =~=~> \s H{ydT= qeTT\T
#|]d sk $T+>T e+f 5,6 sEH <sb+>
d$+# \s>+ ]s+& bT+~. n+>+&,
|j>+e\ ms, jXS\, j @s& +,
Vw weTT>se&+ yTT<qdeTd\T L& q
|j>+ Xss+> deTdbjYT.
&T|>dt, seTTH=| ZbsTT * u>
|sT>TT+~. n$Ty& nDbT+~.

H\\ |s++ TTTe b ?


us us\ +<+ \+> e+&\+f ?
d\T m+ s>+>, m+ k+<s+>, m+ |]X
u>, m+sD> e+{s y] <+|J$+ L& n+
q+<eTjT+> k>TT+~. m+<T+f dw deTd
JesX \ d $T+q k+< s J$ eTs= { < T .
b+#uyTq | X, ds, s|, sd, >+<\T nq&
deTd k+<sX\T dH +&eqjYT. {, d\T

d\T Vw deTjT+ $sT<yTq s+, |, |\T|


e+{ Vs|<s\qT, e+d+, eTk\\qT n~+>
d$+#+e\ eT+> y] H\H\ TTTese&+ bT+~.
eT&TH\\, sTH\\ < d+es+es L& Vw
s<T. deTdqT jTTs< |]uw s>T\+ n+{sT.
+{ y] XseTT <Te\T, <c\T sTes Xs+
$|+> |]bT+~. XseT+ nqedsse\T yTT>

2 u+&jT\T |s>&T|q +T+f d\ \ s>+ ZbT+~.

|e], 2008 n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

y > |T=djYT. >=+T L& |sTw\ >=+T>


e]bT+~. n+{ysT +< #|ujT dT\Tyq Vs
esZ #]+ VwqT deT+> esTy\ e |jT
k<eTDT\ $| #dTHeTT.

q\qTe\ qeyTq j>+

q\qTe\T 50 > >={ nssT eT+{ yd


besT cjT+ $T es eTs>u{ e&bd n~
>sTy#> nsTTq sTy n+<T bu\+ 20 > <s>
ysTT+q k+], ||, $T]j\T *|q #s+ ns#+#
cjT+ yd <jT+ |s>&T|q d$d e+&*.
=+\+bT #de+f TTTe bs+u+ neT+~.
>sXjT+ |sTbsTTq eTT] |<s\T q q
eTT\T> Vw]+|&jYT. TTTs+ deT+> C
neT+~.

VwbjT ns
n<TyTq Vs esZ\T
|jT k<eTDTs! Vw eq|&T H\T>e sE
es ske+ s>&+, sTy be&+ dV+>
sT>TT+~. n>+&, nsTT<e sEqT+& n$T+> s+
b T +f y + H + ~esZ \ T # ] + ns
|yjT+&.

13

1) Vs+ : m|&H, me]H Vw eq|&T


>, nVw ]>|&T >, nq+, |ds||, HsTT,
b\T, #s |<s\qT eyT s+ bjTes
|j+#*>, eTs|<s\T qs<T.
2) |q T : |]XuyTq q\TqT rdT=
eT&T H\T>T eT&\T> eT& #\{ eTT+ =~>
|+& qT b&T||q ydTy*. <$<+>
eTs=qT ns#+ y&\T> eT& {&| =+#+
|+& >N> |Ty*. |T= $X+> |&T=
>T+&\es <T|{|= 20 qT+& 30 $Tc\d| $X+
rdT= sTy \qT rdyj*. $<+> ske
|]d{ sE s+&TksT>, eT&TksT> |<
b{+#*. Be\ b&T|y& jT >&
ske+ >& |]dT+~.
3) ns{|+&T j>+ : u> yT> |+& eTZq
ns{|+&TqT =~ =~> |]q HsTT n<T= <qeTT>
H*. d+ 50 > HsTT ns{|+&TuT H*.
neds { sE s+&T < eT&T|P d$d
K+> nske+ sT>T+& ZbT+~.
4) < j\ j>+ : <j\qT =+#+ <s> ysTT+
*>Z <+ #] |bT rdyd |*||qT yT> b&
#dT= b& deT+> +&#s b& *| m|& +{
d<+> e+#Ty*. nVw deTjT+ b&
eT&T|P #+# y<T> ns>dTeT+{
\T|= d$de+f K+> n TTTske+
n<XyTbT+~.
|jTyTq \Ts! q q weTT, KsT @
n|seTT esZ\qT eTq &_&\+<] #| s>
b&TeT q##|+&. nqedsyTq eT+<T\T y& >sXjT
s>\qT |+#T= n\s>\ qwbe< q##|+&.
MTs jTTs\T! s>e\T $TeT* eTq use
os~dT+~.

f ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff
f
|jT bss! y+H nqTuy\T yd |+|+&. f
f
eTq ed| \T, d+es d+\T, y<\T, Jeqy<+ $ #<T e, f
f
_s\ Vse nH j>\T #]d s>+ b+<TTq f
f
bs \ XuodT\T. nsTT, @ j>+ e\ MTsT s>+ b+<s, f
f
nqTuy $es+> MT b{, sTHe, bH q+sY n *| f
f
|+|+&. nX< #jTe<T. MT nqTuy\T | |#T]+#yT f
f
M{, y~> d]+ |uT\ #|+ y] <s Jeq f
f
$CH eT]+ |jH+> |\ n+~+#\ d+*+ f
f
#eTT. d+ #T\T \|+&. y+H MT nqTuy\qT f
f
|+|+&. Xu+.
` jTTs< eTV] |+& @\]. f
f
f
f ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff
d|d\q+ eqysT |s>&T|q 2 u+&jT\T +f deTd ysD neT+~.

14

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

` |+& @\]

|+& @\]

mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm

VsyT n<T Ww<+

#$ VAsT ` #\Tyq j>+


eTT\+<T+|\sd+, sC|P\qH (>T_\+)
deTu>\T> *| dqeT+|q sdeT+ ]bsTT
qH$Tes eT]+ ~+ e&bd \Tee+#T=
sp s+&T|P H\T>T#T\T \+ >sTy#>
#e\ yd e+f #$H=|, #$ NeTT, #e&T, #$
>TsTTeT e# Xu\T V]+bjYT.

#$ eTT\T @s& ? <] ?


eTT\+ <T+|sd+ =+#+ y&#d nsTT<sT #T\T
#$yd #e\ #]q eTT\T>, |{q eTT\T>
V]+bjYT.

H{y<T\ ` fq j>eTT
eTT\+ <T+|\qT eTT\T#d m+&u{ <+
jsT #dq b&, <s> ysTT+q $T]j\b&
deT+> rdT= q+ | b& *| |+& sT<T
e+f >TsTy#T, >TsqT+& NeTTsT, <+eTT\T
<T\T yTT<q deTd\T y]+#& >TsT, <+\T
>{|&jYT.

>=+T eTdTbsTT X+ sq|&T


|q *|q $<+> eTT\+, $T]j\T, | *|q
b& >sTy# { ns#+# y<T> *| s+&T
eT&T|P d$d >=+T Xu|& sT#T= X+
dw+> edT+~.

| j T y T q eTV eT \ T s ! eTq+
Vs+> y& |<s\ mHH n<TyTq
Ww<>TD\T |w\+> eHjT nH
yk\ MT *jTCjT&+ ]+~.
MT #eT+~ y{ |j+#T=
s >~<T=+ MTnqTuy\qT e
*jTCdTq+<T MT n+<] H V<jT
|PsyTq n_q+<q\T *jT CdTHqT.
n<$<+ > ed+ eTq+ Vs+> y&T=H
eTT\+ >& <eq nH sVk\qT
MT $e]keTT. M{ #> |j+#T
= MT s> n|s|+> b&T+&.

c|<s\ ` >=+T y|
c |<s\T n> d$+q|&T >=+T y||{
n~ bDV> esTT+~. deTjT+ eTT\+ sk
=~ =~> d y+H >=+Ty|Z bD+ <T+~.

<>TZqT ` <T>TZ#dj>+
eTT\+ sd+ 100 > rdT= < 200 >\
|+#<s *| bsTTMT<|{ dqeT+|q sd+
]bsTT r> b + e# es eT]+~+ \Te
e+#Ty*. sp s+&T|P ns#+# b+ H\T|
ydT= #|]+ $T+>Te+f <>TZ ZbT+~.

d| jd+ ` y+H >TZ


eTT\+sk sTTb bd bsTTMT< |{
dqeT+|q eT]de+f eT+> sd+ ]bsTT
n&T>Tq \ s+ $T>T\TT+~. BH eTT\+ seTT
eTT\+ | n+{sT. eTT\+ | s+&T
eT&T{\T rdT= < #+# H *| H\T|
ydT= #|]+ $T+>T e+f y+H jd+
>TZT+~.

d+|+> us&T cjT+ 30 > s >TT+f | |\\T eT+bjT+ +<.

|e], 2008

n+<] jTTs<+

jTTs< ed|

15

|e\ eTT\qT ` |*+# j>+


eTT\+ sd+>, <T+|sd+>, d$deH
eTT\+ Ls +eH, &T| eTT\T
V]+bjYT.

|VA<seTTq
(mHsYyT+{ |t dH)
eTT\+ sk b|q |q+ #d eTT\+ <T+|
sk |* >Ty<T> d$d e+f |VA<seTT
ZbT+~.

|d]\qT ` bs< j>+

&T|H=| ` JsX
ejTdTqT { be| qT+& | es
eTT\ + s k rd T = < { qT+&
ns#+#es <s> ysTT+q $T]j\b& q+
|b& *| d$de+f &T|H=|, &T|yeTT
(>dt) V]+bsTT JsX |sT>TT+~.

yTT\\qT ` e+#j>+
eTT\+ \qT & m+&+ #s+#d <
dequ>+ |+#<sb& *| \Tee+#Ty*.
| sp < j T + ns # > T + | { q + b &
H{ydT= eT+sT d$de+f 40 ~qeTT\
eT\y~ V]+ bT+~.

eTT\+ sd+ =+#eTT #s *| 200 >


( |) y<T> d e+f $s#qeTT |d]\T
qjT+ nejYT. `
eTT\+ sd+ |+& eTT s+&TeT&T#T\T
yd+f |d]\T eT]jTT y{e\ eq +&
|dT|s+>T V]+bT+~.

n+<] jTTs<+ ` du |
e
TT
l/leT/e]/s+J$....................................................................... +& /us . ...........................................
|P] sTHe................................................................................................................................
...................................................... ............................... |H .............. bH .................... HqT w| P seTT>
du eTT rdT=qT#T s. ...........................\T jTy T .z./&.&. n+<] jTTs<+ |sTq V <su< #*+ #T#THqT.
d+es dueTT : 1 d+ es, H\ H |G| H
s. 150/- \T, e\+ | s. 120/<es dueTT : 2 d+ es, H\ H |G| H,,
s. 300/- \T, e\+ | s. 240/es dueTT : 3 d+ es, H\ H |G|H,
s. 450/- \T, e\+ | s. 360/|+#es dueTT :5 d+ es, H\ H |G| H
s. 750/- \T,e\+ | s. 600/-

J$ dueTT J$\eT+ H\ H |G
|H s. 2000/sbw\T : J$\eT+ H\ H |G|H
s. 5000/- k<sD Ww<\T, y< d\V\T

eTV sbw\T : J$\eT+ H\ H |G


|H s. 10,000/- k<sD Ww<\T |
VA<, | >se+ e&jYT.

n$ |P\ Ls sE +T+f sN{ s>+ eT&Tys\ <TsTT+~.

16

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

`|+& @\]

me] ys jsT#dT+& `me] deTd\qT ys |]w]+#T+&.


sTy #qT Xu+> & qq eTT\T#d m+&u{
<+ b&#d |\T# q\T eg|[+ |{*.
#seTT deTu>+> +&#s b&*| \Tee+#Ty*.
eT<TyTV y~>dT\T +&#s+& |j+#Ty*.
y& $ < qeTT : +& T q s +& e s y~ nH ~
*jT+& J$+#\ sTHysT #s H\T><T
d+eseTT\ |dejTdTqT+& bs+_+#e#T. s+&T eT&T
{\ #s+ y<T> yTT<\T|{ eT+> ejTdT |]>
=~ eT+> |+#T {dH es #|]+ b\T
>*.

qejTeH ` q\TeT #s+


e\dq |<s\T : TeT\T, +|
TeTjT\T, TeT|P\T, TeT+, TeT#Tus&T,
={ 100 > #=|q d]+ $&$&> su{ <+
b& #dTy*. yTTeTT #s deq+> +&#sb&
*| \Te e+#Ty*.
y&$<qeTT : sp s+&T|P #+#b& #|]+
y&b\T >*.
|j>\T : B d$de+f ndq> eqysT,
n \VqeTT> eqysT +{ u> +&|{ \e+T\T
nesT. e<T\T e<T\T> eq Xs+ qejTeq Xs+
_>Te> esTT+~. o|Td\q+ no|TeTT> V]+bsTT
n+T skeTs+ |sT>TT+~. \y+T\T eT
eT+> q\&jYT.
d\ \, ms yTT<q >sXjT deTd\T
=\bjYT. d+es+es #s $&Te+&
y& C]bsTTq #qT\T eT]jTT s u>\T L& ]
eT _>TdT= >{|&jYT.

|+#bDeTT\ |+#e\\ #seTT


j $<qeTT : eTi, s$, E$, yT&, \E$
(E$ s+) #qT+& s+ < sT ~
qT+& eqT| us&TqT = #TqT+& = J |s+
d]+#*. #qT+& us&T rd|&T KeTT>
# |P#j*. us&T rdq# e|& |Pdsy*.

eT<TyTV s>T\T y& $<q+ : s+&T>dT\ {


s+&T#+#\ b&yd s+&T|\ cjT+ $Tes eTs>u{
e&bd #] s+&T|P Vs >+eTT+<T> >*.
eT+|+& sp #]de+f eT<TyTV
y~>dT eTV#q+ \T>TT+~. e\+ y~ |P]>
Zbe&yT XseTT |nejTe+ +&TjTeq<X
eq+ s><X eqT jseT+~. Xs qTqT|,
ms+ \_djYT.
I d |sTw\T sTesT y&e#T.
I d\ d++<yTq deTd n+&XjT, >sXjT, j
s>\T ZbjYT. e+<\ L& d+qj>+ \T>T
T+~. >sXjT+ @s& >&\T (|usTT&), n+&XjTeTT
@s& {T&>\T (ddt) ]bjYT.

<*q # b& 2 > { *| s +$s#H\T, eTT\T +<.

|e], 2008

n+<] jTTs<+

jTTs< ed|

17

> |]sD & |]X<H +<+


PROTECTION AND RESEARCH CENTRE FOR COWS

d<H>sTq jTTs< |s+ nqT+< d+d (]. H+. 113/96)


b{ q+. 17, s& q+.5, eVsY\, p;V, V<su< ` 033. bH : 040`23547132, 98490 17675

>dy sD d\+ : d< H>sTq jTTs<|s+ eTT<e| >eT+, =+&|PsY eT+, yT<.
>+ |~y\ e\T #+|&TTH ` +H u<|& usrjTTs! |&H se+&. ue,
>H deqyTq >eqT s+ #{ |PqT=+&. +~ du | #~$ MT X =\~ d+~+#+&.
MT eqe J$ d|\+ #dT=+&. M] >e use jTTss> Xs\T n+~+#T>.

du |eTT
e.q+............
d\eTT :..............................
1. |P] |sT : .............................................................. ~ :...............................
2. ejTdT
: d+................$< : ...........................................e :................................
3. sTHe : ..........................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
................................................................ |H......................... bH ......................
4. n_sT #T\T : .........................................................................................................
5. >e\qT =qT < |+#T H\y>
d+esy> m+ $seTT e>\sT s. ..........................................................................

O H\ s. 100/` qT+& MT X yTs m+H $seTTqT MT |sT >, MT *<+&T\,


eTT\ |s > d<H>sTq jTTs< |s+ |sTq &.&. rd |+| sd<T b+<e#TqT.

>e\ dsD eT]jTT >X\ sVD $eseTT\T


P
P
P
P

P
P

&< >TeT&sd+ | #s #+# *| ny& >TZT+~.

18

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

`|+& @\]

|jT bseTTs! H&T eqe\ *> s>\ q{ =+u=$T~X+ y<T\T y]y]


djT+|s<e TT\ e\qH \T>TTqjYT. C \TdT= eT | \qT yT d]~<T = djT+
d+sD |jT bs+_+qysT d+|Ps s>e+T\T> |qsTJeq+ b+<>\T>TsT. ,
<Ts<TweXT H{ <T eqeesT n+{ |jT+ #dTq <K\T +#+<T. eTs>\
sD+ eTT nqTd]dTq |$<H n \TdT Ks\e\H, qq\ b|eTT\e\H, $~ e\H,
> V es e\H, <e X|+ e\H s>\T d+u$ dTH jT u e T|&T keTT\#T, > V \#T,
|]u$Td e\+ |P\T, |qks\ s>\ qT+& $eTT\T y\ $|\jT+ #dTHsT. +{
sT|j>yTq |jT\T @H{ d|\+ e. sTDeTjTT&q $Xy|&q u>e+T&T | bD
$#D CH qqT qT d+s+#T>\ X n+<T nedsyTq nH #qT yTT\qT Vs
|<s\qT deT~> n+~+#&T. {, y~ >dT\+ >{ |P sB eTT+<T> eTb\qT
eTT\TdT= b\qT d]~<>\ eT+ esZ\qT nHw+#T=, esZ\qT .#. |+&
#]+#>*q H&T @ ujT+syTq s>yTH eqeD HXq+ #jT<T. {, |jT bss!
+< #|ujT s> sD\qT ns+ #dT= MT MT b+\ n+<] ne>Vq *+
eqedeH e<eD #&>\s dTHeTT.

n s>\ ` nd\T sD\T


Ns |~ |<=+&T >+\| <bbe&+,
<jT+ H\T>TqT+& sT >+\| < ebe&+.
N X *+# eT |<s\qT uT+#+&,
XVqyTq # |<s\qT @+& s& uTd e+&+.

N Vs+ d$+#|&T |<s\ MT< eTqdTqT


+B]+#+& {.M\T #d, e{&T, b{&T
ndVq+, yX+, +<q, ndV<X\| eTqdTqT
\>+#d uq+#jT&+.
Ne+kVs+, eTk\T, eT<+, n#\ |<s\T,
ny& |<s\T, =<H\T, =+|+&T, =u\+,
=_jT+, n> |sT>T, ns+, n#<T, ne>sT
|<s\qT uT+#+,
N n> >, n d\+> > uT+#+.
N eT\ eTeTT\qT q deTjT+ $d]+|+&
|qT\ & |sT y{ \e++> s~+#&+.
Ns deTj\ <b+&, |>{|P n~+>
~+#+.
N@&~ k] L& $s#H\ Ww<+ rdTbe&+
< |sp dTK$s#q+d+ eT+<T\T y&+.
Ns |>\T nH u<+ +& Xs+> eqd+>
n~XeT #jT&+, < n~<T:U nqTu$+#&+.
N jTTs< eTVsT\T d+q $<+> d+u>
jTe\qT b{+#+& nTTTe\, n\ eT
eT M\TqT{ n> yT<TqeTT bZq+.
Nd+u> eTT+<T sTy eTVsT\T d+q
$<+> DyT X n+~+# r| |<s\qT d$+#be&+.

&sd+ eTTU |PdT+f yTT{eT\T, eT#\T eTTejT+.

|e], 2008

N |yk\|sT |P\ |sT m+&\+


kjT++ H\T>T >+\ es s |H+&T >+\ es
uq+ #jT+& &T|qT e&+.
N sE me deTjT+ @< # + |{
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b{ H+.143, +&jTH sTT |{+ m<TsT s&T, lk$T njT| kd{,
6e m&eT |<M~, e<|PsY, V<su< ` 500081, bH : 9849017675, 040`42408568

&TjT\ bs +T+f Xs+ bDX |sT>TT+~.

19

20

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

bs eTVXjTT\

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21

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es&\T q]q eTT<qT >yTT+& eD\|q yd T&T e+f n$ V]+bjYT.

22

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|e], 2008

J +|jT ` .&..

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15 > d] sd+ #+# H *| sp >TT+f sd+ ZbT+~.

|e], 2008

n+<] jTTs<+

jTTs< ed|

23

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mTqT+ s+ bTH <j\ cjT+ bT+~.

24

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

d+\q s : l d] qsd+V#]
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nq> eTVus\eTT eTTdq |eT, \eT\ eT]jTT
b+rjT $u<\ e nc+>j>eTTqT, q j>
<sqeTT <s $XqT\ *jT|sHsT (dXw+).

m+&\+ |+&T +jT\ bq+ #d >TT+f e&< >\<T.

|e], 2008

n+<] jTTs<+

jTTs< ed|

$<o edT VwsD $ws>\qT ]$T=+&


eTs k+ deTs X+Ksy\qT |P]+#+&
s\ $c\T eTq <X+ meqjYT? eqy[
eTqT>& |e< *+# $c\qT n&T+& eTq
<Xb\\T m+<TLsTHsT? +q>+> $c\T
usC uw |{dT+f eTq ke, ], s>
Xgy\T m& <bTHsT? b\\T, Xgy\T,
yT<e\T, me] <TssZ+ >T]+ |b eTq |\+
HXq+ e*+<H? n y*q neds+ <T. eTq
+&qT+& eTq }sqT+& $<oedTe\qT Vw]+
@ KsT+&, @ w+ +&, @ n|s+ +& }]
eTq <=] eTq }] #, yTT\, eTq eds\
y*q ||<s eTqyT jsT#dT= eTqsD
eTqyT q&T+{*, >\+, { k~+#>\+.

eTs k+ deTs+ m+<T ?


m+<T $<o edTe\qT Vw]+#* ?
dH |sT, f\J |sT, bwq |sT $<X\ qT+&
eTq +& |y+q nHs\ $w|<s\T eTqJ$
$+ #dqjYT. |C\T, yw+>$TwqT, &+>fT, >dt
ky\T, msTTsY +&wH $TwH\T yTT<q n $\Tyq nqeds
edTe\T, |dT\T, dT\T, c+|P\T, eTT\T, b&sT, HsTT
b*wt\T, *|td\T, uT_\T, V+&ywt b&sT, wqT,
b\TyT b&sT, yTT<q nqeds n$c\T, L
&+\T, #T, dteTT\T, $<o +|\ ><TeT|+&T,
yT< b&sT yTT<q Vs|<s\T, <]+# \T, \T
& y& &s+{ dT\T, ydTH T, yT&
f f\T yTT<q edTe\T +{ J$ |j>|&
|$wjT+qT $<ojT$w+ y\Te bsTT+~.

eTq >$Cq+ HXq+ +& b&Te& $Cq


dVjT+ eTq eseH, u$wTqT d]jTq esZ+
q&|+#& n&T>eq H{ $<o $wd+d <X
b*yTs\T <fes ]$T ]$T ={\+f K+> eTq
<X+ eTs k+bs+ ]rs*. }]=MsT&T,
Mse, eT+&yTTq>&T, yTTq>, jq esZ
e+T&T, e+Ts\T eTT+<T sy*.
eTq\qT esDVAeT+ #dTq $<o $c\ >T]+ |
] $e]d y{H yTq d<oedTe\qT, |<s\qT,
jsT#d #|d |\qT d<oesZ+y| q&|+#*.
}ss jTTs<Jeq$Cq y~\qT k|+ djT+bw
X |+#*. e\ dJe d+BjT eekj yTT<\T
|{+ sTqT sE> \u{+#*.
\eT es esZ b+ u<\T +& n esZ\ |\qT
\T| eTs k+ deTs d+d<T\T y*. n+{
<Xu\ k>+ |\TTH+. g

$y+ , $#D Cq+\ bs k< k<sT s! H&T eTq+ ud\T> eq|&T $<o edTe \qT
Vw]+ q&Cs >T\u{ k+ deTs bs+_+#+. , <Ts<TweXT k++ eq
sTy eTq usu$T +& $<o $wH>T\T +&bsTT $\jT +&e+ #dTqjYT. |P u|PJ
H&T e+f y eT u$T|q |& $c\qT #d dV+#y&? H=| *jT+&,
&>T& >=+T\Td $<+> dH nH n+<yTq eTTdT>T s+>Ts+>T\ V+>T\, |TTeT|TTe
>Tu[+# d+ |]eT\ |\qT dyVq|]# $<+>, e+<~ $<o $c\T H&T eTq J$
|y+qjYT. $<<s, y<+<s, eT+<s, d+d<s, ywuw\<s, k+<s k<H\<s,
+ mHH yd|P] nes\ eTq <X+ |y+qjYT. H&T eTq+ m<Ts=+Tq ns\
nHs> deTd\ $<o $w|<s sDeT \TdT= $c\qT y+H Vw]<+. eTq+
d<o edTe\qT eTqyT jsT#dT= eTq\qT eTq+ s+#T+<+.
` |+& @\]

s+&T|P <j\ cjT+ >TT+f n<V+ nDbT+~.

25

26

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

e+
{

y
+{+{ y< eqd ` k+] <
X
\
`
k+] >T]+
e+

>T+&H=| ` >T]jTq esZeTT


#
d
$weT s\qT ` $]# j>eTT

n\yT ` k+]
ns\H=| ` n<T j>+ y
\H=| ` e #dj>+ <T
k+] >TD<c\T ` |uy\T
s
\T
`
gggggggggggggggggggggg 10
5 #T\T X< y|qH eT\b |{ +T+f 3 ys d+ V]+bT+~.
Mse~ #dT+~. Xds>\qT, <sXS\\qT
<>TZ\qT V<jT s>eTT\qT u<\TqT,
ys>eTT\qT ZdT+~. k+] eTTK+>
|s>eTT\qT, ys>eTT\qT HXq+ #d~>
e+T+~. n~ | L& q+|#dT+~.

k+] d + d + eTV zw ~ n
$Xuw+ n L& n+{sT. u$TMT<
eq n $\Tyq nHs>\qT <+d+ #jT>\
eTVeTV eT*\ k+] nH~ {.
B n|PsyTq >TD\qT TTEe #dTq
eTqeTV s T \ T BX X s bsTT B
eTVzw~ n, ||+#+H n >=| zw~ n
nsyTT#T> $Xuw+ n HeTsD+
#XsT.
| >VD k+] Ww<>TD\qT \TdT=
e+f q T+ duT\ e# nHs\
qq nHs> deTd\qT H |]w]+#
>\T>TT+~. yd+ #~y |bs&T
eT+& eT >e\ d\
yk #~$ $|+ ysT |j+#T=H
$<+> |jT+ #jT e\d+< ddTH+.

k+] >TD\T e]+#& M\T$. B


nH e+<\ y\ dT>TDeTT\T +& eqjYT.
B y&q sTy ~ XseT+
y|+ | nejTy eT<Te> |
s V e TT> # j T & & & T T +~.
eqe JeqX n+f y~s<X
e~#dT+~. eT|+& s>\qT ZdT+~.
jTTs< y<+ jsjT nH y\s\
Ww < \ k+] | +& y& s T .
jTTs<+ dT|d<yTq T\ k+]
{.
< s e TT >dt m y q | & T
> T +& H=| ed T + ~. n+{ | ] d
be#+# k+]b& #+# H*|
d$d e +f >dt =\bsTT > T +& H =|
ZbT+~.
<s> ysTT+q k+]b& >eTT
y<T> | y&> eq yTb\ *|
d$de+f >seT\>, $T*q y]
eq $weTs\T ZbjYT.

n\+ <T+|\qT | \TqT ^yd dTq|


eTT+ m+&u& n~ k+]> esT
T+~.

k+] { *| u> yT> q]


qT~{|q |T yd ns\H=| ZbT+~.

j T T s < Xg| s + > k+] s T


syT+~. eTy HXq+ #dT+~. ~
Vs u> |#q+ #d >TDeTT * w
MseTT $beTT eT<TseTT> esTT+~.
&T| s, >dtqT ZdT+~. |sTw\

<s> ysTT+q k+] {&T rdT=


#+# yTb\ *| e&bd
s+&TeTT\ s+&T s+&T #T\T yd
\H=| y+H ZbT+~.
yTb\ <T\T u\| bq L&
|j+#e#T.

|e], 2008

eTyeTTq
eTy s> T \u< \ T es H r + . X s e TT
CsTT+ y| e $|yTq u< \T>T e+T+~.
n+{ ysT <s> ysTT+q k+]b& ns#+# y<T>
ns>dT #sTsd+ *| d$de+f eTy u<\T
ns> >TZjYT.
I n<$<+> k+] b& |r> #T deT\sd+
be| *| d$de+f Bs* eTys>eTT
>TZT+~.

eT+<+q <s ` eT+&+# j>+


<s> ysTT+q k+]b& 50 >, b u\+ 100 >,
*| yT><+ \Tee+#T= sps+&T|P 5 >eTT\
y<T> d$de+f eT+< V]+bsTT eT+*
|&TT+~.

n+<] jTTs<+

jTTs< ed|

27

b+&Ts>eTTq
k+] kqssTT MT< {
ns>Bdq >+<eTT 10 >, rdT=
< 50 > eHsTT yd HsTT
s > u { ~+ H sp
Vs+ y&Te+f sD
* +# b+& T s> e TT Z b sTT
se~ \T>TT+~.

|yeTTq
<s> ysTT+q k+]b& 3 >eTT\T, d+<e\eD+ b&
>eTT*| sp s+&T < eT&T|P >sTy#
{ >, H *| > Vs+ sTy d$de+f
eT+> |y+ >TZT+~.

eT+ weTT> ed+f ?


k+] b& 3 >, d+<e \eDeTT 2 >, rdT= |sT
jT\ q | cjT+ *| sp s+&T|P
d$de+f eT+<s+> edT+~.

q&TeTT H=|
sp s <bjTeTT+<T 3 > k+] #+#
e+{eTT<eTT *| >Te+f q&TeTTH=| |feTT\
H=| <sXS\ ZbjYT.

u<\T
m ` m<TsTj>+
k+]b& be#+# sjTb& be#+#
s+&+{ | y&{ *| s+&T|P d$de+f
<>TZ, <eTT, m ZbjYT.

@& T ks T e& b d q HT eeT + ns |


rdT= < <s> ysTT+q k+]b& 3 > *|
<jT+ |s>&T|q sp d$de+f eT+> u<\T
>TZT+~.

f ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff
f
|jT bss! y+H nqTuy\T yd |+|+&. f
f
eTq ed| \T, d+es d+\T, y<\T, Jeqy<+ $ #<T e, f
f
_s\ Vse nH j>\T #]d s>+ b+<TTq f
f
bs \ XuodT\T. nsTT, @ j>+ e\ MTsT s>+ b+<s, f
f
nqTuy $es+> MT b{, sTHe, bH q+sY n *| f
f
|+|+&. nX< #jTe<T. MT nqTuy\T | |#T]+#yT f
f
M{, y~> d]+ |uT\ #|+ y] <s Jeq f
f
$CH eT]+ |jH+> |\ n+~+#\ d+*+ f
f
#eTT. d+ #T\T \|+&. y+H MT nqTuy\qT f
f
|+|+&. Xu+.
` jTTs< eTV] |+& @\]. f
f
f
f ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff
s$#T us&T b& eD\|q #\TT+f eD\T e&bjYT.

28

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

C |yT q d+d q ksue~s m\y\ b&T+ e+&\+f C dw+#


*<+&Tq d |sTw\T d+|Ps s>e+T\T> Xe+T\T> e+& rs*. |]|PsyTq |sTweTT >\
|sTw\T d+|PsyTq deTT >\ d\T eyT eT C sD s\T >\>TsT. +> |&T
usrjT d |sTw\T n+ q ksTT e+&ysT f y &T|q m+<s+<s eTVMsT\T, XSsT\T,
eTVsT\T Xgy\T \~ eT+~ u$T|q |{sT. 50 d+es\ eTT+<T es L& eTq <X d |sTw
X d&*b< #|e#T. m+<T+f y] &T|q |{q u\>+><s\, eTV>+~, dTuwt
#+<udt, dsesE, u>Yd+>, C< #+<XKsY +{ yeTT\T m+<s+<s eT *
useT <dX+K\T +#&+d+ eT J$\qT |D+> |+ eTq *d+<. n+ qeTyTq
C 60 d+es $<o $ $c\T +|= ##TC>, |#TC> ed\T &bsTTq
JeXe+> e]bsTT+~. +{ <Xu eu |u eqeeTT eT>\H VqyTq
<TwC, <Tw\qT | eT+yqT dw+#<T. mT#dH sw\ ks|sT\ ns#y<T\,
ndeTsT\ <Xe $\$\& bT+~. n+<T <X |$Tq eT bs\+ C |qsTJeH
q&T+{*. yk L\+w+> #~$ ns+ #dT+ $CH eTw eTw n+~d qs\T
qT| +&s\T>\ qeus jTTes d+#*. <XedeqT $T+q <e|P eTs~ <H + MTsT
m\|&T >TsT|T+&. MT u<qT q+<+> s]+#& +&T V<jT+ eTT+<T se*+~> MT
Vq+ |\TTHeTT.
`|+& @\]

*<+&T\T s>T
_&\TL& s>T\esT
eT+ d+H eTT+u eTC <X
b&Ty\qT=H d|sTw\T @$<yTq eqd Xs
s>\T *qysT> e+&L&<T. dV+> d|sTw
1)XeTT 2)<T:KeTT 3)ujTeTT 4)<eTT 5)ndjT 6)<weTT
yTT<q eqd $s\T e+jYT. n<$<+> y]
1) weTT 2) jT 3) deTT 4) dTKs>\T yTT<q Xs
y<T\T e+jYT. eqd Xs y<T\ y]y]

_&\ k+$T y<T\T> @s& _&\TL& sw\esT.


|s>\T>\ *<+&T\ |{q _&\T njTTw\T>
n\ BsZ* y~>dT\T> ndeTsT\T> e+{sT. +{
_&\T |] |<ys ysT eT $yV+ #dT+f y] |f
d+q+ n+ \VqT\T> d< s>|&T\T> e+{s
ysT> #|qeds+ <T.
H&T eTqde+ +& nH T+u\ |TH
y~>dT\T> |f nHeT+~ _&\qT eTq+ #dH eH+.
1) |T>T&ysT> |f|\\T 2) eT>ysT>, #${ ysT>
|f|\\T 3) $+>T\T> |f|\\T 4) |]ds\qT @e+
>T]+# |P] T~e+<eTT|f_&\T 5) eT<TyTVeTT,
|f_&\T 6)ds>eTT|f_&\T 7)#ss>eTT|f
_&\T, +{ nH ss\ $ k+$T s>\ |{
J$\eT+ n${y> T y] T+u\
<X useTTHsT. +{ _&\qTq+, n~ *<+&T\
HsyT neT+~. { >d+ *|q s>e+Tq
d |sTw \D\qT n+<s #~$ eT eTqdT\qT Xs\qT
X~ #dTq sTy d+q+d+ |jT+ #j*.

|sTw\ Ms+ m e+f


dY d+q+ \T>TT+~?
ds+> k+<s X_yTq eqeXs+ d |sTw\ |]
X< XXDeTTe\q @s&T e+T+~. <VeTT
@s&{ b<q sDq d |sTw\ XXD\

|qk\qT q] d>>&\|q |{d n$ s> |* ebjYT.

|e], 2008

nqTd]+, |f_&\ <V\+ n<s|& e+T+~.


{, |]X<yTq d |sTw\ XXD\T m e+&
\TdT+<+.

dTX eTV] #|q


d |sTw\ X< Ms ` se \DeTT\T
X< Ms \D
eTT : s>e+T&q |sTw MseTT
d{eTTe \+ <es|eTT>, eT<Ts+>,
H e+{ ydq |]X<eTT> e+T+~. s#T> =+<]
|sTw\ MseTT qHeL& e+T+~. n+{ MseTT
e\qL& dYd+q+ \T>TT+~.
X< se \D
eTT : +<{ seTTe \s+>Te
ms> e+& seTT &q egeTTqT q|&T
egeTT ] d#eTT> +f n+{ d\ seeTT |]X
<yTq~> \TdTy*.
#&q Ms, se \D
eTT\T : yeTT#, |eTT#,
XweTT# <w+|&q, XeeTTe+{ <TsZ+<eTT *q
NeTT e+{ ydq>*q eT\eTeTT\e+{ <Tsdq>\
d |sTw\ XeTT seeTT d+H |se.

|sTw Ms+
m neT+< #&+&

n+<] jTTs<+

jTTs< ed|

29

Ms+ m+ $\Ty+< < e<


#jTe# < \TdT+&.
eTq+ uT+q Vs|<seT+ ss *d |+
#+~q sTy 1) d+XeTT 2) d+XeTT 3) eT+XeTT
nH eT& T s b\T> es T T +~. e]q| & T
VseTTjTT d+XeTT sdeTT nH <Te>qT,
d+XeTT eTeTT nH eTT]q |<seTT >qT, eT+XeTT
eT\eTeTT\T>qT sb+s+ #+<TT+~. <$<+>
esTd> $T*q <Te\T> L& sDeTjT |<
+~ |{ <s MTsT dT\Te> \TdTe#T.

|{ #~ys! Ms+ m+ $\Ty+< !


|jTyTq bss! eTq XseTH s>s+ eTq+
q\uJ\ Vs+uTd n~ |q*|q$<+> sb+s+
# + < T es zd T nq& d +X + >q,
@&e<Tyq H\T>T#T\ Ms+>q <<| 30 qT+& 40
sE\ jseT+~. n+f k] Ms e<#d
m+X e<neT+< \TdTy*.

VseTT

d+X+
d\+X+
eT+X+
eTq+ uT+q u, u, V, #weTT\H H\T>T
sd+
eTeTT
eT\eT\T
s\ Vs|<s\T <seTT ss d+j>eTT
TY . sde TTqT+&
|yT 1) sdeTT nH yTT<{< Te> esj
s+ sd+ |+
2) seTT, seTTqT+& 3)e+deTT, e+deTTqT+& 4)
yT<dT, yT<dTqT+& 5) nd (meTT), ndqT+& 6) eT
e+d+ s+ |+
(eT\T>T), eT qT+& 7) XeTT nH @&T<Te\T>
esTd> @s&T e+jYT.
$<+> Vs+ @&T<Te\T> esTT+~ nH yT<dT e+d+ XeT\+
+ H{ <T y<Xgy\ ns+be&+
e\ y |]DeTe ={bsd
nd yT<dT #eT
MseTH~ XseTT qeTjT
eT++{ es|<seT n~ m+
e< nsTTH Xs qwyT$T
eT nd qKXeTT\T
\T>< |#s+#d jTTe\qT
Vd|j> <Ts\yTy|
XdT\&T
X+ eT
bVd u$usC
> d+ #|q $<+> d+u> jTe\qT #]d
q|+d\T>, ndeTsT\T>,
Ms b& T y\, Ms s D j T Tes D n,
<<eT\T>, #e\T> zdT X+ eT\+ <T
Ms e< j T j T TeqT e< # d T e& + n bNq
jsT#dTHsT.
jTTs<eTVsT\T MsWq m\T> #{sT. {,
n+<T ebs\ <Te\ eTeTT |P]>
jTTe\T, |sTw\T d \TdT= || ueT\,
nseTjTT $es+> #b\ d+*+#eTT. B |
yyV\ qT+& eT MsX b&T+ &~
bs&T X<> #~$ ns+ #dT= jTTes u~+#e\d+~
d+eseTT\ es jTeqe+T\T>q, qs+&es
>qT, Vd|j> <TsyTqT+& e+#e\d+~>qT
d+|Ps jTTw+T\T>q e]\ dTHeTT.
ddTHeTT.
(dXw+)

eTTq>ysTsd+ 4 #T\T sp eTT yd+f eTsy~ V]+bT+~.

30

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

`|+& @\]

qqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqqq

$T d+Vs msTe\ y&+


Vs |<s\ b{qT ZqjYT
sT\T Hf{ *dq msTe\T b\+ ydq|&T
|++, , |+& |+& |<s\ X+ |sT>TT+~.
B |+&T, Ls\T, <q+ b{q j s >TZT+~.
n+ |+&|<s+ e~ b{qqT ZdT+~.
~ skjT msTe\T ydq b ><TeT\T, d\T,
Cq\T, yTT Cq <q+ yTT<q |+\qT |+#TjYT.
~>T& me +T+~. |+ Z <q+ jTT b{q
X+ 20 qT+& 25 X+ >TZT+~. |+&|<s+ X+
|sT>TT+~. e\T 20 s\T+{sTT. <q+ Ls\T |+&
e\ X | d<+ #dT+~. B X+ e\H Vs+
|we++ neT+~. Hf{ >\ msTe deT
qw|sTdT+~. B n+<sT eTqTw #&T X+ |sT>T
+~. Vs+ =+ |+&T, Ls\T H <qe+T\
T+u L& V&|wsT, eT<TyTV+, V<jT $s\T,
j
T , H=|\T yTT<q y<T \T me X+ >H edTq jYT.
.d.m+.sY d+d eb\T, ><b\T 50 s\qT
|j>X\ |++~. b\, &.&.{., V#Y.d.. |e<s
$w $THXeTT\T sT b\ 4 qT+& 8 $T >eTT\T
+&T> |+#sTT. $w |]DeT+ eT|+&\T, >T+&,
XdX+, }|]T\T yT<&T MT< <sTDyTq s>\qT
dT+~.
skjT d<+ <q+ |+&T Ls\T b\T *b\
dV $wyT bTqjYT. & skjT |j>X\ eTw
b\T 250 s\T qeTH \T| |+#sT. y
&.V#Y.d., &.&.{ e+{ $w $THX\T X+ |e<ksTT
$T+qT #|+#sTT. eTq+ eTq |\\ sp d d
$c b\ * | d y] eT T j T
HTTHeTT.
us<X+ @ >e y[ #dH sEsE e\
d+K >Z+ |k+~. {sT, \T J|\ d+K
|s>+ |k+~. b m<T\ qT|j+#+ L&

nsT<T. d eTTKsD\T eT&T.


1) b\+ yd+<T >eTjT+, >eT+ e+{ bw\T
e.
2) |{, & y&+ |]+~.
3) e\q m<T\q e~+#+ |]+~.
|{ & me> $<X\ qT+& |+#*. |{
& eTTK+> nsT <X\ qT+& =q&+ sT>T+~. eTq
&T\T <X #\e. y] nedsyTq edTe\T
y]ee\d ek+~. nsT <X\ e+d+ y*. n+<T
eTT+usTT $eHXjT+qT+& | <jT+, kjT++
e+d+ +&q $eH\T nsT <X\ y&TTHsTT.
B { eTq+ $<X\ qT+& m+ |{\T & rdT+{y
n+ e+d+ d+ >e\qT e~+#*.
$Hu >] |sD 19 d+es\ + u+usTT <eHsY
u eTT+<T d>V+ ]+~. |uT+ >e< w< #+
#j\ y] H<+. . n#T usT <Xb+&
HjT+ d>V+ H{ sT>TH +~. 19
d+es\T> sp d>V+ s>+ #]
XX+> *bT+~.

+ sd+ #$ ydT+f #$bT #$ NeTT |+&T V]+bjYT.

|e], 2008

e |& qT+& dT, m+&qT >T]+#


jT++ jsT #XsT
V] $|e+ b eTTKyTq |<s\qT =\+#+,
q+|#jT+ ]+~. |&qT #qT b eT+
*+# msTe yqbeTT\T b\+ qT+& <seTe+ ]+~.
b eTTKyTq es|k<+ e. neT+ e+{ b*dT+~.
|& eT+ dT+~. m<T\dT+~. u\T ee\
\T>TTqjYT. e&T| 7 sH\TqjYT n+{sT.
|d+ 8e u>+ #<e+&. |&T e =eTT\ msTe
jsT #jT+ |{sT. |d< d+&|t e |&
qT+& dT, m+&qT >T]+# jT++ jsT #XsT.
XdjT+> s u\T L& eqjYT. nTe+{ e
L& b <s+ #dTHeTT. H{>\T |w|s>+
d]d |+ u+ *djYT. d \T #&{

jTTs< n_e & b\~


s+>jT >] nqTuy\T
|+& @\] >] qeTkseTT\T.
jTTs<eTT neTeTTq< n\H&T
<e y<Tq n esT\T <e\
>$+#sT. H{ eTq eqe C |\ |{q $<o
$<qeTT |u\yT $\d* q+<T eTq <ojT jTTs<
$<qeTT sqT sqT n&T>+T#Tq~.
=+&\ d\jTs \eTT X<eTT y n+#Tq yTT\q
\\T, yTT\T |]X<eTT. n&e\ eTVeeTT\T
dVeTT eT+ yesDeTTqT *Z+#TqT. eTq +& #TT
eq |s{ y\T\T Ls>jT\ yTT\T, ss\ |e\T,
w, \ T\deT\T eTq n&>H s> |k~djYT.
n& rdT=q neTH e]ksTT.
use q _&\yTq eTq eTq C |,
yq< eq n+XeTT jTTs< eT*\T.
ys>eTT\T 80 \e, | s>eTT\T 40 >\e, |
s>eTT\T 20 >\e. M \qT dT\ueTT> H& $<H
nqTd]+ # #dq dT\ueT>TqT.

n+<] jTTs<+

jTTs< ed|

k<sD yT. nsTTH s+>Ts+>T\ s\ |\\qT


eTT]|dT+~ nqT+{eTT. ~ |b& |\T |+ yT\T
#dT+~. $THX\T M{ L& b <s+ #dTqjYT.
<Tsed ueTT\T >T] neTqjYT. beTT\T m\T\T
y T T< q mH bDT\T b u < j T \T.
d+|<j V] $|e+ <+d+ #d+~. M+{ eT
b s|+#yT dJe eekjT+.
\sY _H n\sY (eqe $d |]DeT+ eekjT+
H s+uyT+~ n HqT&) >T+| ]> eTw eekjT+
HsTH { #sTe ed+#+ bs+_+#&T. n|{
qT+& d+d s+u+ nsTT+~. d+d n< yTT<{
n&T>T. n|{ qT+& $<q+ k>TTq~. n|&T |X
e\ eqeJ$+ q+ kq+ qT s|D
nsTT+~. e b*dT+~. m<T b\+ <TqTT+~. >Ts+ +f
|jD\ |]djYT. +{ bdT+~.
|Xe\ $j>qsTTH qjYT. n+{ e n+
eTTKy T q ~. n+< T | X e\ | ~ > e eTw
T++ C&+#+ ]+~. eqe d+dr $d+
~ s+&e n&T>T nsTT+~.
>eTq+ k>TTq~. eTw eqd ]++~. mH
eqsT\T eqe JeH eTTKyTq$> s|+#&qjYT. #
|~ L& eqe T++ #s+ ]+~. T\d
|j+#+ e\ u >V+ +{ d>sekq+
*+#+ ]+~. eqe d+d ~ eT&e n&T>T.
$<yTq eqedeT< eqe d+dr |yV+ s+s+>
k>TTq~.
($T> e# d+)
X s+>TweTj <eTJekD
# jTT n+>TweTT y\ +< u>eTTq esTd> <eT
y|| H& y>T\ d+#]+#TqT MTsT L& &
#sTT yTT>y], & y] m&eT #sTT|{ #&eqT.
H nqTueeTT 80 s\ y s>eTT\ s+&T s\
eT+<T\T #d e> e+<~ y~>dT\T y] y] s>eTT\qT
<TsT=HsT. MTsT L& #dT= y& ]+#>\sT.

y\T* y<eTT
1) y\T* bjT\T bT rdq 1 J. |dT sTu*. 2.
|\ #seTT nq> sjT\T, jT\T, d]
jT\T +\T rdyd us&T\T deT+> #dq #s+
250 > 3) TeTT\T nq> k+], ||, $T]j\T
deT+> #]+q~ 120 >. 4) \s <s> ysTT+ b&sT
#dq~ 250 >, V+>Te b&sT 100 >, d+<e \eDeTT
150 > #s+ #d n *| C& |{ Xq> ++
eT+<T sp <jT+ kjT++ |s>&T|q b\ ydTy*.
Be\ @+>yeTT, {yeTT, +|yeTT, bs yeTT
yTT<q$ >TZqT.

s+s >j\|q +sd+ |+& y+H s+ s+ bT+~.

31

32

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

` |+& @\]

eT+ yT\TsyTq H sp s |&TH eTT+<T


#T +{ yd+ e+f m|{ +{y<T\T se.
nsTT, +&ydTe& osT jsjT |<eT<Te
(dtV \> e+T+~) y&+ eT+~.

H nH y<T\T n++
H #+# yTT<\T|{ |~VqT sE\ k]
=+# + =+# + |+# T =+ 30 > y < T es
n\yT#dT= y&Te&+e\ XseTT n+T y~
s< JeX |s T > T T +~. <e\q d e Td < c\T
deTdbjYT. Bs\ | ||+ ]bT+~. y||eTT
L& |P]> jT++#&TT+~. d\ TTTeT+ d]>
neT+~. u*+\ #qTu\T e~#+<TjYT. eT
|+&\ s ]bjYT. *esY, >T+& yTT<q nejTy\
X \T>TT+~.

H ` >dt V+

H ` yT<&T eTV+
|sp eT+|+& HqT |j+#y]
yT<&T Cq+Te\ d+|PsyTq + \T>TT+~.
eTeTsT| eqy] deTd XX+> =\bT+~,
y] m|{ eTeTsT|s<T. $<sT\ jTTer
jTTe\ eT+|+& HqT n\yT#d y] T~
$d+ *y] ndeqyTq|, <sDX, C|X
|sT>TjYT, d+|Ps+> T~ $ddT+~. sp H y&y]
sdT n~yTq |||eTT =\bsTT sdT |w
\T>TT+~.

H ` +& eTjTyTq X
|sE <jT+ |s>&T|q #+#H, #+#
eTsd+, ns>dT >sTy# sT *| y&Te+f ~
m+\+ y&Ts n+\+ +&X >Z<T. e+<
d+es\ esH n<\T |T=H neds++& +&T
#> |#d e+jYT.

Bs*yTq &T|seTT, >dt yTT<q deTd


\Tq| & T s> T \T s + | y d e TT+&*.
eT+sTeyT s+ d$+#*. s+&esE <jT+,
kjT++ 20 > HqT =+#+ >sTy# { *|
d$+#*. eT<eT< eb\T >e#T. m+&
s>L&<T. b>eTT+<T LsL&<T. $<+> eT&T
H\T>T sE\T #d m+ ujT+syTq >dt nsTTH &T|
syTH |P]> ZbjYT.

dqC \ qqH *+> |q+ #d q|+d+ V]dT+~.

|e], 2008

n+<] jTTs<+

jTTs< ed|

H ` sX~, se~
|\\ ns#+# qT+& eT+> #+# es |<\
#+#qT+& eT+> s+&T#+#\ es HqT >sTy#
{*| sp<jT+ d$+|#de+f sX~, se~
\T>TT+~. \+ Vs+ eb\T, eHsTT, e
eT>y&+ #Xw+.

H ` eT<TyTV s>T\ $TT&

H ` #sy<T\ #
esTd> eT+ |+& |sp <jT+ |s>&T|q
>dT>sTy# { s+&T #+#\T H *| d$+
>+ es eTs$T d$+#+& e+f eT+> XseTT|
<Ts<, | <<TsT, >, eTs yTT<q y<T\T nDbjYT.

H ` jTs>+ K+
H $wyTq bw eTT >\ JejT |<s\ X
e\ n~ jTs>+| Xe++> |#dT+~. H 20 >,
eyq 40 > *| |sp d$de+f jTs>+
V]+bT+~. ns\ <>TZ\TL& ZbjYT.

|\\+ <&+> njqT


u* ` yTT\\T ZqjYT
#+<T lseTT\T, +.H+. 8/623, &+ M~,
b<TsT ` 516 361, &| .
>TsTesTq l |+& @\] >] qeTks
eTT\T.
s! HqT s+&T d+es\ qT+& MT |
bs&. n+<] jTTs<+ |\ nH s>
e $<H\T \TdT+ d+ y<+ ne\+_d
dd b+<TTHqT. H ejTdT 60 d+\T,
nHs>\T qqT s# u~d e+&$. |\ \+
d+es+ qT+& y&TTHqT. + M\TqT|{
j s>\ qT>TD+> nX>+< |T+, dsd
#s+, >Ls yTT<\>T Ww<\T d$d |XeTq+
b+<TTHqT. |&T H Xs+ <&+> e+~.
XdjT <<eTT MTsT *| nH esZ\T
Ve >* yT\T#dTHsTT.
u* Z+~ : e +<Te\ nesTT b<$T
u*q& eT | esZ nqTd]+ ue+#

eT<TyTV deTd eqy] jTY (*esY) eT]jTT


eXjTeTT\ <weTT+T+~. n+<Te\ eT<TyTV s>T\T
#s <T\T> |]X<yTq HqT |]$T+> 10 qT+& 20
>\ es d$de+f y] y~s<X >Z+& y~
n<T|#jT& |]dT+~.

H C>\T
HqT m|&T y&#d y&L&<T. n$TeTT> y&#d H
$w+> esTT+~. m+&\+ HqT y&b\ *|>,
y&{ *|> bsbTqL& y&L&<T. B
y&|<s\ d+j>+ w<+. H y&+ bs+_+#ysT
eTT+<T> |\\ ns#+# y<T>, |<\ #+#
y<T> bs+_+ ys k] be#+# |+#T
nedsyTq yTs eyT |j+#*.
(eHw~#+<<jT+ kq+)

+\T, q\ qTe\T $TX+> #d &T| eT+<T>


#qT. 100 > eHsTT 20 >, $T]j\T
eT]+ e&>{ HsTT nq+ ydT=
qeTHqT. | |P> eqH |dT| &+
#qT. dss eT+<T |PjTeTHqT. H\
sE\T # d| { \ e T# # s + s + > T
e]bsTT+~.
yTT\\T ZqjYT : H esT yTT\\T e
u<|&TT+f sjT, u\+ $TXeT+> #d #qT.
eT|+&\ X~ =s >Ls~ cjT+ sp
|P y&eT #bqT. 15 sE\ yTT\\ y~ >TZ
eTTK+ |{+~.
+ neT\yTq $wjT |]cs\T #d
nu>T\ es+> |k~dTHsT. |sTw\
|D|sTw&T ysj! nqT MT Wq+ yTeTT
>VdTHeTT. eT|<q q&e jTTe\T yT\T =*|
C> *dTHsT. sweT+{ _s\T @ss
dVyT $wjT |]cs\T #|dTq eT e
X_e+<H\T n]+#T+THeTT. <] eed
ds< e]\T> n u>e+T b]dTHqT.

dqC \qT H *| q] |q |{d H\T |+&T H{|P ZbjYT.

33

34

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

& Ls $XH<, mH.&.,

|e], 2008

mqus\ ys>\ neTTKyTq ys>+ |y+. > d+


|yeT+f @$T{? n~ m edT+~? m+<T edT+~? nH $wj\T =
\TdTH+. |&T d+ eT]= sD\T eT]jTT |
$<H\T \TdT+<+.
|dT \eq |]dT\ eqe&T ||, <Hsq, <>
sVD, d+ksdeTd\qT d]~<T=qT, |\\qT|+ | #<Te\T
#~$+#{ |& +<q, <q+ d+ rd |sT>T\T, |sT>T s>+
>T]+ |{+#T, deTj uq+#jT, deTj ~+#, #&T
n\y ud =k eT]jTT (=e) |+#T= n~sbT,
eT< T y T V eTT y T T< q y< T \ > T ]j T e] | y s >
qeTH&T.

eT+ dT< bT+f ?


+\T rdq Kss| jT\qT
bq>+{ sd+ *| yT>
q] |P>#jT+ y<T>
s+&T|P + e+f
eT+y+bjT
dT<T bT+~.

|y *+#
eqd Xs <c\T
dV+> @y~nsTTH s+&T sD\e\H \T>T
e+jYT. n> |y+L& eqd Xs <c\e\
\T>TT+~ {, <c\ ysD esZ\qT esTd>
\TdT+<+.

eqd <c\T : n]w&esZq eT, <, u, yV,


eT<, es d\ eqd<c\ eT\eT eTq bs\T
m\|&T >TsT+#Ty*. k<yTq+es *d*d @
$wjT+qT n> |e]+#L&<T. n ds esjTY
nH |<\ d L& m\|&T | |Ty*. reyTq
$#seTT, <T:KeTT, yXeTT, +<q eTqdT *q|&T
eTsTDyT XseTT reyTq $wskjTH\T qyT
sbT, =k, >T+&bT, eT<TyTVeTTe+{ y<T\T
*+ es |y, eTsD <]rdjYT. {,
|dT+ |y+ u<|&ysT>, u$wT |y+
sL&< sTHysT>, +< #|ujT $$<
esZ\qT #]+ rs*.
ns\ j eT]jTT eTsq $<q+ : |
y V]+|#jT>\ d\ |<s\ &T eTyTq~.
100 > &T \qT rdT= qqeTT\T> ]+
100 > qTe\ qHyd dq{eT+| \ sd+
qH *d \T q\> e&es eT]+ bqT ~+

>T_|P\ cjT+ | #+# H *| qT*y#> eT\<+ +<.

|e], 2008

e&bd qH >sTy#> nsTTq sTy 20 > eTT< Vs


ss+ q\>>={ n+<T yd \u{ eTu{*.
s+&T |P kH >+eTT+<T |y+ kq u>\MT<
eTsq #dT+&*.
me> e{e{ $TsT se&+, #T\T
= u>\T _>TdTbsTT e+sb e+&+ yTT<q
\D\T \ysT u$wT \D\T |y
<]rjT+& sp kjT++ |P +< *|q
$<+> eTsq #dT+&*.

\ eTsq #jTT $<q+


n] eTsq : ns~ \+ u> y&|f
ns# eT]jTT uqy 5 qT+& 10 $Tc\T sT<*.
] uq y b<\qT e*. n> b<+ |u>+
L& u> sT<*.
N\eT+&\ eTsq : N\eT+&\qT >T+&+> eT]jTT
|\qT ns#T\ sT<&+ |&+, e&+, |d&+ |~

jTTs< n_e w VMT<


jTTs< nqTuy\T
V]j Z+~ : e eP] qT
V]j u<|&TT+&y&T. eTq n+<]
jTTs< ed| d+qT, $T]j\T
ysTT+ b& #d be { dH y<T $T]j\
b&, { dH H *| e+< sE\T y&eT
#bqT. n&T > #X&T. $<+ > 40 sE\T
y&>H V]j ZbsTT+~.
e eP]
q keTjT H{|+& ned\ T |&T T+&y&T.
m +q T, +^w eT+<T\T y&H H{ n\sY\T

n+<] jTTs<+

jTTs< ed|

$Tc\ bT #j*. yqT s+&T ns#T\ sT<*.


uqy* H= u> eTsq #j*. sTy =&\qT
|\qT eTsq #dq $<+>H >{> #j*.
T+{u>eTT : ns#T\ y# u> sT<*,
b*. \T|u>+ |qT+& +~es T+{qseTT y+&
u> eTsq #j*. >{> >& @s& u> eTsq
]+#*. #T\T e<T\T> e+ eT<Te> =+, >T<&+
#j*. < |s+> #sTT eTsq L& #j*. q&TeTT
ns#T\, yqT|Pd\qT uqy n&+>, >T+&+>
yqT|\qT+& eTsq #j*. yT&qT+& q&TeTTes
|~VqT $Tc\ bT eTsq #j*.
es> y\qH HsT, T>Z\T, eTTKeTT |
#y n&+>, >T+&+> eTsq $+#*. #y =q\
|~ $Tc\ bT \|q qTeqH eTsq #j*.
|s+> XseTT | nejTy s|dsD deT+>
]> eTsq jTqT |sp =qk+#*.

eTsq |jH\T
|y+ eq Xsu>eTT (& < m&eT) sTe>
e+T+~. s|dsD Ze+T+~. n#qeTT> e+T+~.
#\> e+T+~ {, eTsq $<q+ Xs u>\T
] \T+jYT. |yu>+ * neT+~. \T, #sTT,
HsT, qT yTT<\>T u>\ #\qeTT edT+~. M{
~*+#&+ * neT+~.
sTTq q&, |&bsTTq e ] edjYT. #\>
_sTdq nejTy\T ] y&jYT. eT&T H\\qT+&
d+e\+ |y eTsH $<q+ d]#dTe#T.
\eTsq #jTT $<qeTT n+<] jTTs<+ s\
j e HsT>\sT.
($T> e# d+)

>Z < T . nTe+{ H{, n\sY |+&T < j\


ZqjYT.
< j\T <+#T= sp >dT { s +&T
#+#\ b& s Hqu{ b<Tq e&bdT=
e+< sE\T >eT #bqT.
<jT+, kjT++ Vs+ rdT eTT+<T
H{ |+& H |{+#qT. nqT 45 sE\T
q sTy H{ n\sY ZbsTT. s>+>
eH&T.
e eP] jTTdT|t usTT
nH n&T * HjT \+< >TE sE
s T&+ HjT ys+ sE\
ZbsTT+~.
+{ neT\yTq d\V\T dTq +<T MT
<qy<\T \T|+THqT.

>E> +\ || { q] \|{d \eTT], |\T, |+&T V]+bjYT.

35

36

n+<] jTTs<+ jTTs< ed|


u

|e], 2008

vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv
|\\T |<\ b+&Ts>eTT ` V]+be
jTTs< n_eqTs! jTTs _&s! eTq b+\
H&T nHeT+~ |\\T, jTTeT\T, jTTe\T, |<\T, sVq deTd
, , >, ns#T\T, b<\T, \> e]bsTT jTeTT, |VeTT
|#jT&+ e, bT= Hqjq\T |&Te+{sT.
n+{ysT MT |+q|&T j> y] $e]+ #]+#T
#jTe\d+~> sTTHeTT.
eTT~]q \>*CsT yTT\ ysT rdT= & b&>T& T&
n+>TeTT dE ysqT qq eTT\T> ]+ 21 eTT\qT
rdTy*. |dT||# q\Tb>T\T =$T~ rdT= y{ &T>
| &T esTd> 21 >*CsT ys eTT\qT <+&> >T <+&qT
b+&Ts>T\ yT& yj*. eT+> sE\T >&#=~ e\
ysTeTT\T T e+jYT. n<eT+ b+&Ts>eTT >TZ
e+T+~. |P]> s>eTT ZbjT es e\qT <]+ e+ sTy rdyd }] <s+>
u$T b|{*. P ~ bNq us+ nHeT+~ jTTs< y<T\ nqTuej>+.

<sy] ` dTK+> <|T


z jTTs<bs! |sp <jT+|P eT|+&T sd+ kjT++|P eT|+&T sd+
d$de+f <sy] eT> eT+dTK <|&TT+~. ndT\Tyq esZ k{eqe\ u~+
<d+ eTT_\T $T+> <Ts\yTqT e+#+&.

neT ` n<TyTq j>+


z jTTs _&s! H&T ju d+es\T <{q d |sTw\ meeT+~ neT
deTd y+{&TT+~. deTde\ s|P e{e{ <u+>+ ne nH s deTd\T L&
y] ed+jYT. n+{ y] ndT\Tyq n$\Tyq j> |eT n+~+#+&.
<Xy HT e$T&#TqT+& e$T&\T e\dq rdT= <TeTT+& & sT+&
\qT $~*+ b& Xu+> T& \qT qq eTT\T#d & >*# <TeTT|&
# su{ n$ u>m+&q sTy y{<+ #s+#jT+&. #s |P ns#+# y<T>
ns>dT eT+{ \T|= s+&T |P Vs eTT+<T sTy >+ $seT+ d$de+f
ns> neT+ V]+bT+~.

yTs eTj>+
|jTyTq zjTTs<$Te! qjTqT(ksjTqT) eTT\T> d <+ 50 >eTT\ sd+
|+&T= sdeTT +&#s (|{u\+, HuT/$Td/ \+&)b& 20 > *| >*. <$<+>
s+&e|P L& >*. $<+> ys+sE\T d$d yTss>+ ZbT+~.
dT\uyTq Vs Ww<esZ MT +q | ] $e]+ nedsyTq|&T y&TeT
d\Ve+&. jTTs< WqeTT + eTVAqyTq< #{#|+&.

y|\ ` eTjTyTq esZ+


e |jTyTq jTTs< k<k<sTs! eTq>eT+ |$T&| #T nH# |sT>T e+{jT
#qT+& | rd <e e< T\T> y*ks MT+<sL \TdT. < |#TqT+& e\dq
\T rdT= yT><+ |+& |dsTrd sk s|P <bjTeTT+<T XseTT|q |{de+f
y|\T, #T\y|\T yTT<q y|\ H\T>TsEH qeT+> V]+bjT eTq sT>T bsT>T
|\+<] m\T> #{#|+&. I

vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv
eTi}&\ sp | eTTT+f T~, jTTe |sT>TT+~.