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# COURSE OUTLINE

I. ALGEBRAIC EQUATIONS

1. Elementary Linear Algebra
a. Matrices: Definition and Types
b. Matrix Operations and Properties
c. Determinants: Definition
d. Methods of Finding the Determinant
i. Diagonal Method
ii. Method of Cofactors
e. Theorems on Determinants

2. Direct Methods for Systems of Linear Equations
a. Inverse Method and Cramers Rule
b. LU Decomposition
i. Crouts Method
ii. Doolittle Method
iii. Choleskys Method
c. Methods Using Row Equivalence
i. Gaussian Elimination Method
ii. Gauss-Jordan Reduction Method

3. Existence and Uniqueness of Solution
a. Rank of a Matrix
b. Ill-Conditioned Matrices
c. Applications

LONG EXAM 1

4. Iterative Techniques for Systems of Linear Equations
a. Jacobi Method
b. Gauss-Seidel Method

5. Non-Linear Algebraic Equations
a. Bracketing Methods
i. Bisection Method
ii. Regula Falsi (Method of False Position)
b. Open Methods
i. Successive Substitution Method (Fixed Point Iteration)
ii. Newton-Raphson Method
iii. Secant Method

6. Systems of Non-Linear Algebraic Equations
a. Newton-Raphson Method

7. Curve Fitting and Function Approximation
a. Least-Squares Regression
i. Polynomial Regression
ii. Multiple Linear Regression
iii. Nonlinear Regression
b. Interpolation
i. Function Approximation
ii. Double Interpolation
c. Issues on Extrapolation and Curve-Fitting

8. Numerical Integration
a. Newton-Cotes Formulas
i. Trapezoidal Rule
ii. Simpsons 1/3 Rule
iii. Simpsons 3/8 Rule
iv. Booles Rule

MACHINE PROBLEM 1

II. DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

1. Ordinary Differential Equations
a. Introduction to Differential Equations
i. Classification of Differential Equations
ii. Types of Solutions to Differential Equations
iii. Initial Value vs. Boundary Value Problems
b. First Order Differential Equations
i. Variable Separable
ii. Homogeneous Differential Equations
iii. Exact Differential Equations
iv. Integrating Factors
v. FOLDE and FOBDE
c. Special Higher-Order Differential Equations (SHODE)
i. n
th
-Order ODE Reducible to First Order
ii. 2
nd
Order Differential Equations (Dependent Variable is Absent)
iii. 2
nd
Order Differential Equations (Independent Variable is Absent)
d. Applications

LONG EXAM 2

2. Linear Ordinary Differential Equations
a. The General n
th
Ordered Linear Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients
b. Non-Homogeneous Linear Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients
i. Method of Undetermined Coefficients (MUC)
ii. Method of Variation of Parameters (MVP)
c. Non-Homogeneous Linear Differential Equations with Variable Coefficients (Special Cases)
i. Cauchy-Euler Linear Differential Equation
ii. Legendre Linear Differential Equation
d. Solutions to Systems of Linear Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients

3. Laplace Transforms
a. Definition of Laplace Transform
b. Transforms and Special Functions
c. First Shifting Theorem
d. Second Shifting Theorem
e. Laplace Transform of Derivatives
f. Derivatives of Laplace Transforms
g. Other Properties of Laplace Transforms
h. Inverse Laplace Transforms
i. Use of Laplace Transform Tables
ii. Method of Partial Fractions
iii. Method of Completing the Square
i. Convolution and Convolution Theorem
j. Solution of Linear Differential Equations using Laplace Transforms
k. Applications

LONG EXAM 3

4. Numerical Differentiation
a. Taylor Series Approach

5. Numerical Solutions to Ordinary Differential Equations
a. Initial Value Problems (IVP)
i. Euler Method
ii. Heuns Method
iii. Runge-Kutta Method
iv. Finite Difference Method
b. Boundary Value Problems (BVP)
i. Shooting Method
ii. Finite Difference Method

6. Partial Differential Equations
a. Definition and Classification
b. Numerical Solution using Finite Difference Method
i. Elliptic Partial Differential Equations
ii. Parabolic Partial Differential Equations
c. Numerical Solution using Method of Lines

MACHINE PROBLEM 2