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X Vagus nerve

Mixed nerve
General visceral efferent fibers Special visceral efferent fibers General visceral afferent fibers General somatic afferent fibers

Nucleus of solitary tract Spinal nucleus
Dorsal nucleus of Nucleus ambiguous
vagus nerve

Inferior ganglion Superior ganglion

Smooth muscles Muscles of larynx and pharynx
cardiac muscles Viscera of neck, Skin of auricle and
thorax, abdomen external acoustic meatus
glands
Vagus nerve

Spinal nucleus
(General somatic afferent fibers)
Nucleus of solitary tract
Vagus nerve (General visceral afferent fibers)
Superior ganglion Nucleus ambiguous
Auric , external (Special visceral efferent fibers)
acoustic meatus Dorsal nucleus
(General visceral efferent fibers)

Cerebral
Viscera of dura mater inferior ganglion
neck,thorax,
abdomen
(Mucous membrane)

Viscera of
neck,thorax,
abdomen Intramural and
Smooth,cardiac paramural ganglia
muscles, glands Larynx and
pharynx
Vagus nerve
Posterior olivary sulcus

Jugular foramen
Left side Right side
Carotid sheath
Descends in front Descends in front of
of aortic arch subclavian artery

Behind root of left lung Behind root of right lung
(Left pulmonary plexus) (right pulmonary plexus)

Anterior surface of esophagus posterior surface of esophagus
(Anterior part of esophageal plexus) (posterior part of esophageal plexus)

Anterior vagal trunk Posterior vagal trunk

Anterior Hepatic posterior Celiac
gastric branches gastric branches
branches branches
Branches of vagus nerve
Superior laryngeal nerve
In neck: Cervical cardiac branches
Pharyngeal branche

Recurrent laryngeal nerve
In thorax: Bronchial and Esophageal branches

Anterior and posterior gastric branches
In abdomen: Hepatic branches
Celiac branches
Branches in neck
Branches in thorax
Pulmonary plexus and esophageal plexus
Branches in abdomen
Anterior vagal trunk
Posterior vagal trunk
Branches of fundus
Cardiac br.
Hepatic br.
Branches of Celiac br.
posterior wall of Posterior gastric br. Branches of
stomach Anterior gastric anterior wall of
br. stomach

Crow’s foot
Crow’s foot
Pyloric antrum
XI Accessory nerve

Nucleus ambiguous
Join vagus nerve Accessory nerve
(Special visceral efferent fibers)

Accessory nucleus
Jugular foramen

Sternocleidomastoid
Trapezius
XII Hypoglossal nerve
General somatic efferent fiber

Hypoglossal nucleus

Anterolateral sulcus of
medulla oblongata

Hypoglossal canal

Over carotid arteries

Over hyoglossus

Extrinsic and intrinsic muscles of tongue
Name and order Fiber component Origen Terminate Distribution

VII facial nerve General somatic afferent fibers Spinal nucleus Skin of ear

Special visceral efferent fibers Facial nucleus Facial muscles

Lacrimal gland 、 submendibular
General visceral efferent fibers Superior salivatory nucleus
gland 、 sublingual gland 、 nose

Special visceral afferent fibers Nucleus of solitary and
Tastepalate
buds of anterior 2/3 of

tract the tongue
Crista ampullaris 、 maculae
VIII vestibulocochlear Vestibular nucleus
Special somatic afferent fibers of utricle and saccule
nerve
Cochlear nucleus Spiral organ

Special visceral efferent fibers Nucleus ambiguous Stylopharyngeus
IX glossopharyngeal
Inferior salivatory nucleus
nerve General visceral efferent fibers Parotid gland

Middle ear 、 posterior 1/3 of the
Nucleus of solitary
General visceral afferent fibers
tongue 、 carotid glomus and carotid
tract
Nucleus of solitary sinus
Taste buds of posterior 1/3 of
Special visceral afferent fibers
tract the tongue
Name and order Fiber component Origen Terminate Distribution

Smooth muscles 、 cardic
X Vagus nerve General visceral efferent fibers Dorsal nucleus muscles and glands of
viscera
Nucleus Larynx and pharynx
Special visceral efferent fibers ambiguous

Nucleus of solitary Viscera of neck 、 thorax
General visceral afferent fibers and abdomen
tract Auricle 、 external acoustic
General somatic afferent fibers Spinal nucleus meatus

Nucleus
Special visceral efferent fibers ambiguous Larynx and pharynx
XI Accessory nerve

Accessory Sternocleidomastoid
General somatic efferent fibers
nucleus trapezius

Hypoglossal Extrinsic and intrinsic
XII Hypoglossal nerve muscles of the tongue
General somatic efferent fibers nucleus
Highlights
 Name 、 characterization 、 portionconnecting with brain 、 passage of the skull

 Distributions of twelve pairs of cranial nerves

 Nerves control the secretion of major salivatory glands

 Nerves contain parasympathetic fibers

 Nerves pierce the cavernous sinus and superior orbital fissure

 Nerve distribution of the tongue
Exercise
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