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Unit 5

Exercise 1
2. depressed
3. fascinated
4. uncomfortable
5. confident
6. worried
7. curios
8. uncertain
Exercise 2
2. The architecture is something I’d be enthusiastic about. Looking at buildings is one of my
favorite things to do in a new city.
3. The climate is something I’d be uncomfortable with. I hate being too hot.
4. The food is something I’d be curious about. I love tasting new things.
5. The language is one thing I’d be nervous about. I’d worry that people wouldn’t understand me.
6. The money is something I’d be comfortable with. I’m very good with numbers.
7. The music is one thing I’d be curious about. I always love to hear new groups!
8. Meeting people my age is something I’d be fascinated by. I’m really good at wooing.
Exercise 3
C
Culture: habits of people living in one country
Culture shock: misunderstanding between two cultures
Appreciate: Accept the different between cultures
Stereotypes: open mind about foreigner culture
Exercise 4
*Your own idea*
*Leave comments to help other if you have the idea*
Exercise 5
1. Brazil and Japan
2. Denmark and Spain
3. France and United State
4. Egypt and New Zealand
Exercise 6
A
B
Possible answers:
1. In Spain, you’re expected to arrive late for most appointments.
2. In France, it’s not the custom to leave tips in restaurants.
3. In Egypt, you’re supposed to allow your hosts to pay you the meals in restaurants.
4. In Japan, it’s the custom to bow when you meet someone you know.
5. In Indonesia, it’s the custom for men to wear long pants when visit a temple.

Exercise 7
*Your own idea*
*Leave comments to help other if you have the idea*

Exercise 8
*Your own idea*
*Leave comments to help other if you have the idea*
Unit 6
Exercise 1
A
chipped
plate
glasses
cracked
plate
glasses
dented
car
leaking
car
sink
scratched
car
chair
glasses
stained
blouse
carpet
chair
tablecloth
torn
blouse
carpet
chair
tablecloth
B
2. The blouse is torn. (or There is a tear on the blouse)
3. The carpet is stained. (or There’s a stain on the carpet.)
4. The bike is torn. (or There’s a torn on it.)
5. The sink is leaking. (or The sink has a leak.)
6. The chair is torn. (or There’s a tear on the chair.)
7. The plate is chipped. (or There’s a chip on the plate.)
8. The tablecloth is torn. (or There’s a tear in the tablecloth.)
9 The glasses are cracked. (or There’re a few cracks on it.)

Exercise 2
C
Sharon’s laptop
Problems: Fuzzy screen, Scratched cover, Loose key, Crashed
Consumer magazine: Wrote an explaining letter.
Paid back?: Yes.
Chris’s car
Problems: engine damaged, lock broken, insurance company want him to pay 40%
Consumer magazine: Asked the insurance company to prove the new engine would increase the
car’s value
Paid back?: Yes.

Exercise 3
A
2. They need to be tightened.
3. They need sharpening.
4. It needs loosening.
5. It needs to be shorten.
6. It needs widening.
B
broaden, deepen, heighten, shorten, steepen
Exercise 4
TIM: …
JAN: …
TIM: …needs to be repaired…need to be replace…
JAN: …
TIM: …need to be cleaned…
JAN: …?
TIM: …keep sticking…need fixing…need to be checked…
JAN: …
TIM: …
Exercise 5
*Your own idea*
*Leave comments to help other if you have the idea*
Exercise 6
A
2. c
3. b
4. e
5. d
6. a
B
2. The DVD in the DVD player is stuck. The DVD needs to be removed.
3. The wire for the speakers is damaged. The wire needs to be repaired.
4. The screen on the TV is cracked. The screen needs to be replaced.
5. The metal door of the stove is scratched. The door needs to be repainted.
6. The table legs are loose. The legs need to be tightened and glued.
C
*Your own idea*
*Leave comments to help other if you have the idea*
Unit 7
Exercise 1
A
2. The taste of our drinking water has been ruined due to chlorine and other additives.
3. Mysterious illnesses have been caused by agricultural pesticides.
4. Our crops is being destroyed by the pollution from cars and trucks.
5. Dangerous chemicals are being released by factories.
6. Many people’s health has been damaged by breathing smog every day.
7. More severe droughts have been created due to lacking of rainfall.
8. Our forests and wildlife are being harmed through global warming.
Exercise 2
A
Verb Noun
contaminate contamination
contribute contribution
create creation
deplete depletion
destroy destruction
educate education
pollute pollution
populate population
protect protection
reduce reduction
Exercise 3
2. educational
3. protected
4. damaging
5. poverty
Exercise 4
A
B
1. PVC is harmful
2. They can’t be recycled.
3. True
4. Wood is not flexible and breakable. Metal is danger when using with electronic equipment.
5. Only three banks in Japan and MasterCard Worldwide.
6. Many people complaint about turning food into plastic.

Exercise 5
A
1. e
2. f
3. d
4. b
5. a
6. c
B
1. overfishing
2. overbuilding
3. overuse
4. overburdened
5. overflowing
6. overcrowding

Exercise 6
Possible answers:
1. B: One thing to do is to complain to the Parks Department about it.
B: Another thing to do is to organize a public meeting to protest the threat to public property.
2. B: One way to help is to educate young people about its dangers.
3. B: One thing to do is to report it to the local newspaper.
4. B: One thing to do is create more government-funded jobs.
5. B: One way to help is to create more public housing projects.
B: Another thing to do is to donate money to charities that provide shelters and food.

Exercise 7
Possible answers:
2. … are being killed…is to have more police to arrest the poachers.
3. …have been destroyed…is to stop factories that pollute the air.
4. …is being contaminated…is to create safe agricultural sprays.
5. …are being ruined…is to have the death penalty against the drug sellers.
Exercise 8
*Your own idea*
*Leave comments to help other if you have the idea*
Unit 8

Exercise 1
1. Psychology
2. Business
3. Nursing
4. Computer science
Exercise 2
A
Possible answers:
2. Would you rather study part time or full time?
3. Would you prefer to have a boring job that pays well or an exciting job that pays less?
4. Would you prefer taking a long vacation once a year or several short vacations each year?

Exercise 3
*Your own idea*
*Leave comments to help other if you have the idea*

Exercise 4
*Your own idea*
*Leave comments to help other if you have the idea*

Exercise 5
B
1. between 1.5 and 1.9 million homeschoolers.
2. they do not believe that public schools teach the correct religious values; others believe they
can provide a better education for their children at home.
3. The Guterson start with their children’s interests and questions.
4. Critics say that homeschoolers can become social outsiders who are uncomfortable mixing with
other people in adult life. Another criticism is that many parents are not qualified to teach.
C
Possible answers (This is my own idea. You should think by yourself.)
1. How can people grow foods enough to eat?
2. Can you imagine what will happen when people discovered the Mars?
3. How to protect yourself from getting cold?

Exercise 6
Possible answers:
2. by using social network.
3. by going out more often.
4. by not eating out.
5. by exercising regularly.
6. by eating good food.
7. by studying dance.

Exercise 7
1. concern for others
2. artistic appearance
3. courtesy
4. tolerance
5. perseverance

Exercise 8
1. cooperation
2. perseverance
3. competitiveness
4. creativity