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Global governance

 Global governance or world governance is a social movement toward political integration of transnational
actors aimed at solving problems that affect more than one state or region when there is no power of
enforcing compliance. The modern question of world governance exists in the context of globalization. In
response to the acceleration of interdependence on a worldwide scale, both between human societies and
between humankind and the biosphere, the term "world governance" may also be used to designate laws,
rules, or regulations intended for a global scale.
Coalition of the willing
 The term coalition of the willing is a post-1990 political phrase used to collectively describe participants in
military interventions that fall outside of United Nations peacekeeping operations.
 It has existed in the political science/international relations literature at least since UN peacekeeping
operations began to run into complications in 1993-94, and alternatives began to be considered.
 One early documented use of the phrase was by President Bill Clinton in June 1994 in relation to possible
operations against North Korea, at the height of the 1994 stand-off with that country over nuclear weapons.
 It has been applied to the Australian-led INTERFET operation in East Timor, and, in its most well-known
example by President George W. Bush, in reference to the U.S. led invasion of Iraq in March 2003.
Gunboat diplomacy
 In international politics, gunboat diplomacy (or "big stick diplomacy" in U.S. history) refers to the pursuit of
foreign policy objectives with the aid of conspicuous displays of naval power implying or constituting a direct
threat of warfare, should terms not be agreeable to the superior force.
 Gunboat diplomacy is considered a form of hegemony
Vigilante Justice or Frontier justice
 a member of a self-appointed group that undertakes law enforcement without legal authority.
 Frontier justice (also called vigilante justice or street justice) is extrajudicial punishment that is motivated by
the nonexistence of law and order or dissatisfaction with justice. The phrase can also be used to describe a
prejudiced judge
2011 military intervention in Libya
 On 19 March 2011, a multi-state coalition began a military intervention in Libya to implement United Nations
Security Council Resolution 1973, which was taken in response to events during the Libyan Civil War
 From the beginning of the intervention, the initial coalition of Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Italy,
Norway, Qatar, Spain, UK and US expanded to nineteen states, with newer states mostly enforcing the no-fly
zone and naval blockade or providing military logistical assistance. The effort was initially largely led by France
and the United Kingdom, with command shared with the United States.
No-fly zone
 A no-fly zone (or no-flight zone) is a territory or an area over which aircraft are not permitted to fly. Such
zones are usually set up in a military context, somewhat like a demilitarized zone in the sky, and usually
prohibit military aircraft of a belligerent nation from operating in the region. Aircraft that break the no-fly zone
may be shot down, depending on the terms of the NFZ.
1. Iraq, 1991–2003
2. Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1993–1995
3. Libya 2011: In response to violence by the government of Muammar Gaddafi during the 2011 Libyan civil war,
the United Nations Security Council approved a no-fly zone on 17 March 2011.