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Set No: 1

Code No: V3118/R07

III B.Tech I Semester Regular & Supplementary Examinations, November 2011
ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION
(Electronics and Communications Engineering)
Time: 3 Hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1. a) Define the terms Radiation intensity, Gain, Resolution and Beam efficiency
b) The field pattern of an antenna is given by En = (Sinߠ/ ߠ)ሺܵ݅݊߮/߮ሻ
i) Plot the normalized power pattern.
ii) Estimate the main beam efficiency of the antenna.
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2. a) State the Reciprocity Theorem for antennas? Prove that the Self Impedance of an
antenna in transmitting and receiving mode is same.
b) Define directivity, obtain the directivity of an isotropic antenna, short dipole and
Half-wave Dipole.
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3. a) How a unidirectional pattern is obtained in an end fire array. Explain?
b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of binomial array?

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4. a) Explain in detail the constructional features of helical antenna?
b) Compare the requirements and radiation characteristics of resonant and non resonant
radiators
[8+8]

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6. a) What is Zoning? What are its advantages?
b) Discuss the applications of Horn Antenna. Sketch the sectoral horns.

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5. a) Derive an expression for the gain of a 900 corner reflector.
b) Explain the principle and working of Yagi Antenna.

7. a) Explain the following:
i) Ground Wave
ii) Space Wave
iii) Surface Wave
b) Discuss the characteristics of ionospheric layer

[10+6]

8. A communication link is to be established between two stations using half wave-length
antenna for maximum directive gain. Transmitter power is 1 KW, frequency of operation
is 100 MHz and distance between transmitter and receiver is 100 Km. what is the
maximum power received by receiver? Explain and derive the formulas used.
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Find the distance from a radiating element such that Radiation and Induction fields are equal with necessary assumptions. explain D. a) Write short notes on “Ground wave propagation and effective of earth” b) In case of ionosphere. 8. b) Explain the bending of signals due to earths curvature. b) Explain the principle of pattern multiplication. How is it useful for propagation? ***** 1 of 1 [8+8] [8+8] . a) Derive an expression for the far field pattern of an array with ‘n’ identical isotropic point sources arranged in a line and spaced a distance ‘d’ apart. November 2011 ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION (Electronics and Communications Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ***** 1.org Set No: 2 Code No: V3118/R07 III B. Describe the methods for measuring the below parameters for an antenna a) Gain b) Directivity with a neat block diagram [8+8] 7.o rg 2. a) Give the expression for electric field due to current element.For more Visit: www.UandiStar. a) Discuss Duct Propagation dwell on causes and effects. [10+6] St 4. [8+8] . [8+8] 6. b) What is short magnetic Di-pole? How is it realized? [10+6] ar 3.Tech I Semester Regular & Supplementary Examinations. E&F layers. deriving its directivity. [8+8] U an di 5. a) Sketch and explain the constructional features of Helical Antenna. b) Sketch and explain the basic set up for V-antenna and plot the pattern. define and explain the following terms: i ) Radiation Resistance ii) Effective Area iii) Effective Length iv) Efficiency b) Find the effective aperture of an isotropic antenna operating at a wavelength of 10-2 m. a) As related to antennas. a) Design Yagi Uda antenna of six elements to provide a gain of 12dB if the operating frequency is 200MHz b) Explain with suitable sketches perpendicular mode of radiation in helical antenna.

b) List out the design relations associated with a Rhombic Antenna. b) With neat set up. and radiation field of an antenna and bring out their significance.Tech I Semester Regular & Supplementary Examinations.For more Visit: www. a) With a neat sketch explain the image formation for the case of 450 corner reflector. b) Write short notes on diffraction effects in plane sheet reflectors. induction field. a) Explain the need and the configuration of a Folded Dipole Antenna. a) Distinguish between sectoral. What are its applications? [8+8] U 5. [8+8] ***** 1 of 1 . b) sketch and compare radiation patterns of horizontal half wave dipole with those of vertical half wave dipole c) What are short antennas.org Set No: 3 Code No: V3118/R07 III B. List out their utility and applications. explain the absolute method of measuring the gain of an antenna.UandiStar. [8+8] 6. a) What is LOS propagation? Under what conditions it can exist? b) Explain the formation of inversion layer in the troposphere in the phenomenon of duct propagation. b) What is Broadside Array? Compare it with End-Fire Array c) Write short notes on principle of pattern multiplication. a) Enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of linear arrays. a) Explain the following : i) Normalize field pattern ii) Beam solid Angel iii) Beam Efficiency iv) Directivity b) An antenna has a field pattern given by E (ߠ)=(Cosߠcos2ߠ) for 00 < = ߠ < + 900 Find the following: i) HPBW ii) Beam Width between first nulls (FNBW) [8+8] . Sketch its radiation pattern and compare its characteristics with those of simple ߣ/2 diploe. with neat sketches. a) Write short notes on i) Ionosphere abnormalities ii) Optimum working frequency and LUHF b) Describe the fading of short wave broadcast signals. November 2011 ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION (Electronics and Communications Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ***** 1. [6+6+4] [5+5+6] St ar 3. pyramidal and conical horns. a) Define the terms electrostatic field.o rg 2. an di 4. [8+8] 8. [8+8] 7.

o rg 2. What are its applications? b) Discuss the merits and demerits of travelling wave antenna. LUHF and Optimum frequency. a) With a neat diagram describe the principle of working of pre three element Yagi Uda antenna. b) Distinguish between the terms MUF. [8+8] [10+6] St ar 3. a) List out the relations associated with a rhombic antenna.org Set No: 4 Code No: V3118/R07 III B. November 2011 ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION (Electronics and Communications Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ***** 1. [10+6] an 5. a) Establish the relations for the received field strength of LOS propagated wave at i) Small distance ii) Large distance b) Describe the salient features of multi hop propagation. a) Define and explain the following terms. a) Derive the expression for width of principle beam for i) Broad side array ii) End fire array of n isotropic elements of spacing distance‘d’ between successive elements. Find its directivity and HPBW sketching the pattern.Tech I Semester Regular & Supplementary Examinations. b) Briefly explain the impedance measurement of a horn antenna by using slotted line method. [8+8] ***** 1 of 1 . a) Explain how loop aerial is used for direction finding? Derive the relevant expression for electric field intensity for loop aerial.For more Visit: www. a) Explain the effects of D-layer in sky wave propagation. b) Derive an expression for radiation resistance of half wave length slot aerial using babinet’s principle. b) Describe Binomial array and state its merits and demerits. b) Write short note on diffraction effects in plane sheet reflectors. a) What is the principle of equality of path length? How is it applicable to horn antenna? Obtain an expression for the directivity of pyramidal horn in terms of its aperture dimensions. [8+8] U 6.UandiStar. [8+8] . i) Gain ii) Directivity iii) Radiation Resistance iv) Band width b) A source has bidirectional power pattern with a radiation intensity of U=4 Sinߠ. [8+8] 8. Sketch the field pattern. [8+8] 7. di 4.