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The sentence

Types
No matter how many ideas it may contain, a sentence must always express a complete thought. There are
three types of sentence: simple, compound, and complex.
The Simple Sentence expresses one idea only. It has one subject and one predicate. Example:
The man (subject !noc!ed at the door (predicate.
The Compound Sentence contains more than one idea. In this type of sentence all the ideas expressed
ha"e an e#ual "alue. Example:
The man !noc!ed at the door and waited for an answer.
The Complex Sentence contains one main idea (called the $main clause$ and one or more secondary
ideas (called $subordinate clauses$. Example:
%s soon as he arri"ed at the house (subordinate clause the man !noc!ed at the door (main clause.
Joining sentences
The words which are used to combine sentences are called $conjunctions$. In the exercises that follow you
will practice some of the main ways in which different ideas can be joined to ma!e complete sentences.
&'()'*N+ ,ENTEN&E, The main conjunctions used to form compound sentences are: and, but, yet, so,
both…and, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but.
&omplete the following sentences by choosing one of the two words gi"en in the brac!ets.
(a (%nd, -oth my wife and I went out early yesterday.
(b ('r, Either we will ha"e to wait for them, or we will ha"e to wait for them, or we will ha"e to lea"e a
message.
(c .e neither too! my ad"ice (nor, or his father$s.
neither…nor
note that in the negati"e both…and and either…or become neither…nor.
Exercise I
/oin the following pairs of sentences using the conjunctions gi"en in brac!ets. 0hen you ha"e done so
write similar sentences of your own.
1. .e was in Italy last year. Now he has returned home. (but)
2. The tal! on the radio was not amusing. It was not interesting. (neither…nor)
3. .e told me to lea"e. .e told me ne"er to call again. (not only…but)
4. I ha"e often in"ited him here. .e has ne"er come. (yet)
5. .urry up. 6ou will be late. (or)
7. The manager told him he must wor! hard. .e must lea"e the firm. (either…or)
8. ,he sent a present to my brother. ,he sent a present to me. (both …and)
9. (y mother li"es abroad. (y father li"es abroad. (both …and)
:. ,he finished her housewor!. ,he went out shopping. (so/and)
1;. .e does not eat too much. .e does not drin! too much. (neither…nor)
11. .e told me I could stay here. .e told me I could go away. (either…or)
12. I bought a new car last year. I$m not satisfied with it. (but)
13. (y wife will not go to the concert tonight. I will not go to the concert tonight. (neither, nor)
14. .e needs a new suit. .e needs a new pair of shoes. (not only…but)
15. I recei"ed your telegram. I recei"ed your letter. (both…and)
17. 0e must score two more goals. 0e will loose the match. (or)
18. I forgot my umbrella. I had to return home. (so/and)
19. ,he bought "ery few things. ,he spent a lot of money. (yet)
1:. .e did not tell me the truth. I misunderstood him. (either…or)
2;. .e learned how to read English. .e learned how to write it. (not only…but)
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&'()<E= ,ENTEN&E, In the exercises that follow you will practice some of the main ways in which
different ideas can be joined to ma!e complex sentences.
&omplete the following sentences by choosing one of the two words gi"en in brac!ets.
(a The gardener (who, which wor!s here is "ery good.
(b The man (who, whom you saw yesterday is my neighbour.
(c .e has recei"ed the money (which, who I sent him.
(d The men (who, whom will be playing on ,aturday all belong to our local club.
Exercise II
/oin the following pairs of sentences using the relati"e pronouns who, whom, whose or which were
necessary. 0hen you ha"e done so write similar sentences of your own.
1. (r. /ones bought a new house. .e has furnished it beautifully.
2. I ha"e been loo!ing for this boo! e"erywhere. I ha"e now found it.
3. There were a lot of people at the party. I had not met them before.
4. That is the man. I spo!e to you about him last wee!.
5. The firemen went into the building. It was fool of smo!e.
7. I ha"e a few relati"es. They li"e in the country.
8. (y sister$s friend came to see me. .er parents died last year.
9. .e wor!ed at this factory all his life. This is the factory.
:. The "ase was "ery "aluable. (y younger brother bro!e it.
1;. % friend of mine will be coming tomorrow. I recei"ed a letter from him.
11. The man came to "isit me. .e has just arri"ed from the >ar East.
12. There are se"eral people here. I do not !now their names.
13. Is he your friend? +id you go to the cinema with him yesterday?
14. .e has sent me a number of letters. I ha"en$t had time to answer them.
15. The elephants escaped from the circus. They ha"e been caught.
17. The country house is "ery large. .e li"es in it during the summer.
18. The girl is our new secretary. 6ou saw her a moment ago.
19. The actress li"es next door. ,he is "ery famous.
1:. The man had to pay a fine. .is car was par!ed on the wrong side of the road.
2;. .e is a la@y student. I can ne"er depend on him.
IN+IAE&T B*E,TI'N, Note that in sentences containing an indirect #uestion the subject must always be
placed before the "erb.
&omplete the following sentences by choosing one of the two phrases gi"en in brac!ets.
(a I cannot remember (where did I li"e, where I left my coat.
(b .e as!ed me (when would my brother, when my brother would arri"e.
(c 6ou did not tell me (how much this cost, how much did this cost.
Exercise 3
/oin the following pairs of sentences using the words when, what, where, why, and how where they are
needed. (a!e any other changes necessary. 0hen you ha"e completed this exercise write similar sentences
of your own.
1. 0hy did he refuse to see me? 6ou must find out.
2. I must lea"e now. I ha"e already told you the reason.
3. .ow did you find out my address? )lease tell me.
4. This is the shop. ,he bought her new hat at this shop.
5. 0hen did you last hear from him? 0rite and let me !now.
7. .e wanted me to do something for him. .e did not tell me what it was.
8. 0hat did he tell you? I would li!e to !now.
9. .ow many letters did you write to him? 6ou cannot remember.
:. +id he lea"e the firm? %s! him why.
1;. 0hen did you buy this picture? 6ou must surely remember.
11. .e as!ed me to meet him at a certain place. This is the place.
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12. .ow did he recogni@e you? I can$t understand it.
13. 0here did he put the boo! I lent you? )lease as! him.
14. 0hat time does the train arri"e? No one seems to !now.
15. .e was going somewhere. .e would not tell me the place.
/'ININC ,ENTEN&E, 0IT. &'N/*N&TI'N, (I as, since, because, now that.
&omplete the following sentences by choosing one of the two words or phrases gi"en in brac!ets.
(a 0e had to lea"e (why, because it was so late.
(b (Now that, ,o that it has stopped raining, I shall not ha"e to ta!e an umbrella.
Exercise
/oin the following pairs of sentences using the conjunctions gi"en in brac!ets. 0hen you ha"e done so,
write similar sentences of your own.
1. 0e did not expect you. 6ou did not let us !now you were coming. (because)
2. The sops ha"e shot. 0e should go home. (now that)
3. 6ou ha"e not understood the #uestion. I will repeat it. (since)
4. It is raining hea"ily. I will not go out. (as)
5. I did not tell him. I was afraid I would hurt his feelings. (because)
7. 6ou had better not stayed too long. I ha"e a lot of wor! to do. (as)
8. 0e should go home. The sun has set. (now that)
9. .e is sure to pass his examination. .e has wor!ed so hard. (since)
:. ,he has bought a car. It will be easy for her to get to wor!. (now that)
1;. I did not go to the theatre. I could not get tic!ets. (because(
/'ININC ,ENTEN&E, 0IT. &'N/*N&TI'N, (II so…that, such…that.
&omplete the following sentences by choosing one of the words or phrases gi"en in brac!ets.
(a .e is (a so, such a !ind person that he is sure to help me.
(b .e was (such, so pleased when he heard the news that he rung me up at once.
(c It is (such a, a so nice day, I cannot bare to stay indoors.
Exercise !
/oin the following pairs of sentences using so…that, or such…that where necessary. 0hen you ha"e done
so, write similar sentences of your own.
1. .e was glad to se me. .e as!ed me to stay the night.
2. .e was tired. .e could not get up in the morning.
3. I ha"e many friends abroad. I cannot write to all of them.
4. .e is a good dri"er. I am surprised to hear he has had an accident.
5. .e is an interesting person. It is a pleasure to hear him tal!.
7. It is a good film. It would be a pity to miss it.
8. ,he was "ery angry. ,he refused to see him.
9. It is a beautiful e"ening. 0e should go for a wal!.
:. .e is a shy person. .e disli!es tal!ing to strangers.
1;. 0e arri"es early. 0e had to wait for o"er an hour.
/'ININC ,ENTEN&E, 0IT. &'N/*N&TI'N, (III to, in order to, so as to, (followed by an infiniti"e and so
that, in order that, (followed by may, might, can, could, shall, should, will and would.
&omplete the following sentences by choosing one of the two words or phrases gi"en in brac!ets.
(a I went there (for to, to see him.
(b I ran #uic!ly (in order to be not, in order not to be late.
(c The little boy hid behind the door (in order his aunt not to see him, in order that his aunt might not see
him.
(d I$ll come and fetch you from the station (so that you will not ha"e to, in order you do not ha"e to wal!
as far as my house.
Exercise "
<ea"ing out the "erb $to want$ in each case, join the following pairs of sentences using the conjunctions
gi"en in brac!ets. 0hen you ha"e done so, write similar sentences of your own.
1. .e went to the library. .e wanted to borrow a boo! (to).
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2. The student as!ed the teacher a #uestion. .e wanted to understand the exercise better. (in order that)
3. The thief dro"e #uic!ly out of town. .e did not want the police to catch him. (so that)
4. I went to the theatre early. I wanted to get a seat. (on order to)
5. I rang up. I wanted to find out what time she would come. (in order that)
7. .e went into the room #uietly. .e did not want to disturb his brother who was asleep. (so as to)
8. The conductor stopped the bus. % passenger wanted to get off. (so that)
9. I had to ta!e a taxi this morning. I did not want to miss my train. (in order that)
:. ,he turned on the radio. ,he wanted her mother to hear the tal!. (so that)
1;. I went into the shop. I wanted to buy a watch. (to)
11. ,he went to the postDoffice. ,he wanted to post a letter. (in order to)
12. 0e left in a hurry. 0e did not want to be seen. (so as to)
13. I wrote to the tra"el agency. I wanted them to send me some information. (in order that)
14. The explorer wrote a boo!. .e wanted e"erybody to learn about his journey. (so that)
15. Tell him I ha"e left. I do not want him to trouble me again. (so that)
/'ININC ,ENTEN&E, 0IT. &'N/*N&TI'N, (IE althou#h, e$en thou#h, e$en i%, howe$er (much, many, long
etc., in spite o% the %act that.
Exercise &
<ea"ing out the phrase it does not matter i% where necessary, join the following pairs of sentences using the
conjunctions gi"en in brac!ets. 0hen you ha"e done so, write similar sentences of your own.
1. I wrote to him se"eral times. I recei"ed no answer. (althou#h)
2. .e plays well. .e is still not good enough for the football tem. (in spite o% the %act that)
3. 0e are determined to get there. It does not matter how far away it is. (howe$er)
4. The journey ta!es too long. It does not matter if you go by plane. (e$en i%)
5. I$m sure he won$t come. It does not matter how long you wait. (howe$er)
7. 0e are going on an excursion. The weather is bad. (in spite o% the %act that)
8. .e spea!s >rench well. .e has ne"er been to >rance. (e$en thou#h)
9. ,he was "ery busy. ,he was able to help me. (althou#h)
:. I should not wor! for him if I were you. It does not matter if he offers you a big salary. (e$en i%)
1;. I still thin! the film is poor. It does not matter if so many people enjoyed it. (e$en thou#h)
)%ATI&I)<E,
&omplete the following sentences by choosing one of the two words or phrases gi"en in brac!ets.
(a ,eeing me coming (the man, the man he ran towards me.
(b (Turning the corner, 0hen he turned the corner the bric! fell on his head.
Exercise '
/oin the following pairs of sentences using the participle construction. 0hen you ha"e done so, write
similar sentences of your own.
1. .e thought it was my birthday. .e came to "isit me.
2. I stopped at a corner. I as!ed a policeman the way.
3. ,he thought I was a friend of hers. ,he greeted me.
4. I was ill. I did not go to wor! yesterday.
5. They found the door shut. They had to climb through the window.
7. .e decided not to wait any longer. .e left the office.
8. The guard was !illed. The prisoner escaped.
9. I saw the car coming. I did not cross the street.
:. .e has been abroad for many years. .e is now finding it difficult to settle down.
1;. .e was told to go. .e left immediately.
11. .e was not able to understand. .e as!ed the teacher to explain.
12. .e was afraid. .e returned to my room.
13. .e has been as!ed to lea"e. .e went away at once.
14. ,he did not belie"e me. ,he went to see for herself.
15. I felt "ery tired. I went straight to bed.
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Tenses
T.E )%,T %N+ T.E )%,T &'NTIN*'*, The past continuous tense is used often when one action is interrupted
by another. Interruption is usually indicated by the words when, as, and while. Example:
I was writing a letter when the telephone rang.
&hoose the correct form of the "erbs gi"en in brac!ets.
0hen I was young I often (went, was going to my aunt$s house. I (was playing, played with my cousins
from morning till night. E"ery day we (climbed, were climbing the hills around the house and (were
wal!ing, wal!ed down to the sea. 0e occasionally (went, were going swimming. %t midday, we always
(were returning, returned home.
Exercise (
0rite the correct tense (past or past continuous in place of the "erbs in brac!ets in the following sentences.
0hen you ha"e done so, write similar sentences of your own.
1. /ust as we (lea"e the house, a friend (come to see us.
2. 0hen I (hear the news, I (be "ery upset.
3. I (write a letter when my mother (call me.
4. 0hen I (be a boy I often (go fishing with my uncle.
5. 0hile I (listen to the news I (repair my fountainDpen.
7. 6ou (enjoy <atin when you were at school?
8. I (see him dri"e past as I (cross the road.
9. (y sister (wor! as a typist before she got married.
:. The train (lea"e just as we (arri"e at the station.
1;. 0e (stand at the corner when we (see the accident.
11. 0hile I (wal! to the mar!et this morning I (meet my nextDdoor neighbour.
12. The lights (go out last night while they (ha"e a party.
13. 0hen we (be on holiday we not (swim because it was so cold.
14. ,he (play the piano when the doorDbell (ring.
15. The teacher (read to us when a pupil suddenly (as! a #uestion.
,EB*EN&E '> TEN,E, (I 0hen the main "erb is in the past, all dependent or coDordinate "erbs must
also be in the past.
&omplete the following sentences by choosing one of the two words gi"en in brac!ets.
(a I went into the room next door and (tell, told him not to ma!e a noise.
(b .e told me he (will, would finish early.
(c .e telephoned to say he (can, could not come.
(d (y aunt said she (may, might come tomorrow.
Exercise )*
AeDwrite the following sentences putting the "erbs gi"en in brac!ets in the correct tense. 0hen you ha"e
done so, write similar sentences of your own paying special attention to the rule co"ering the se#uence of
tenses.
1. .e rang me up se"eral times but I (be out e"ery time he (call.
2. I thought it (rain today.
3. .e as!ed me if he (can lea"e the room.
4. 0hen he (as! me I told him I ne"er (be here before.
5. I ne"er thought I (see you again.
7. .e as!ed me if he (can help me in any way.
8. I loo!ed for my pen e"erywhere but (can not find it.
9. %s he (lea"e the house he remembered he (forget his coat.
:. F you (remember to turn off the lights when you left the room?
1;. I opened the door and (find him sitting at my des!.
11. I told him I (be late because I (be busy.
12. .e as!ed me who my friend (be.
13. If this (cost so much why did you buy it?
14. %s she (not understand what he said she (as! him to repeat it.
15. .e (hope; he might go to <ondon but it (be impossible.
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,EB*EN&E '> TEN,E, (II %fter the words when, be%ore, until, as soon as, a%ter, and unless ne"er use the
future tense. These words should be followed by the simple present or the present perfect tenses.
&omplete the following sentences by choosing one of the two words or phrases gi"en in brac!ets.
(a 0hen I (shall see, see him, I shall let you !now.
(b -efore you (will come, come home, please buy some fruit.
(c .e will get "ery angry as soon as he (will hear, hears about this.
Exercise ))
,upply the correct form of the "erbs in brac!ets. 0hen you ha"e done so, write similar sentences of your
own.
1. )lease let me !now as soon as you (hear from him.
2. I will not stay unless he (as! me to.
3. ,he must remain here until she (finish her wor!.
4. .e will telephone me before he (lea"e.
5. .e will tell him about it after he (arri"e.
7. They will go on holiday as soon as the weather (impro"e.
8. 0hen I (see you I shall !now more about it.
9. 0e shall wait here until the bus (arri"e.
:. .e hopes to go to a uni"ersity when he (lea"e school.
1;. I promise I will spea! to him as soon as he (come.
,EB*EN&E '> TEN,E, (III clauses with $if$. The three basic forms are:
1. If he in$ites me I shall #o.
2. If he in$ited me I would

#o.
3. If he had in$ited me I would ha$e #one.
&omplete the following sentences by choosing one of the two words or phrases gi"en in brac!ets.
(a If I (would see, see you next wee!, I will tell you what happened.
(b I would not ha"e come if I (!new, had !nown.
(c If you wrote to me sometimes, you (would get, would ha"e got an answer.
Exercise )+
,upply the correct form of the "erbs in brac!ets. 0hen you ha"e done so, write similar sentences of your
own.
1. 0e shall stay at home if it (rain.
2. I would ha"e been able to come if you (let me !now in time.
3. If I (be in your position I would tell him exactly what happened.
4. If I (ha"e more money I would buy a car.
5. If the teacher (explain more carefully they would ha"e understood.
7. 0e will get there on time if the train (be not late.
8. +id you as! him if he (want to see me?
9. I could ha"e finished yesterday if you (ring me up.
:. This exercise would be less difficult if we (!now the rules.
1;. +o you thin! it will be better if he (come tomorrow?
Word order
Geep to the basic pattern: ,ubjectHEerbH'bjectHBualifying )hrases, as closely as possible. Though there are
certain exceptions, a subject may only be separated from its "erb by an ad"erb of fre#uency. (,ee below.
&omplete the following sentences by choosing one of the two words or phrases gi"en in brac!ets.
(a (6esterday he, .e yesterday found (in his garden a coin, a coin in his garden.
(b I recei"ed (from my cousin an in"itation to a party, an in"itation to a party from my cousin.
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Though the past of shall is should, in this type of sentence it is better to use the past of will, would as the word should
often has the sense of ou#ht to in English.
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Exercise )3
AeDwrite the following sentences correctly. 0hen you ha"e done so, write sentences of your own paying
special attention to words order.
1. The captain ordered the men to throw into the sea the goods.
2. 6ou will ha"e to write twice this exercise.
3. I went out to buy a boo! which had written a friend of mine.
4. It is pleasant to spend sometimes an hour in a library.
5. The headDmaster ga"e to the boy some good ad"ice.
7. 'n my way to the office happened something "ery funny.
8. They both again reached home.
9. 'nce used to li"e two detecti"es opposite our house.
:. I went into the room where was the thief hiding.
1;. I used "ery often to "isit in the country my uncle.
11. ,uddenly arri"ed at the house relations whom he did not want to see.
12. I as!ed him how much had I to pay.
13. .e last month dro"e into a tree his car.
14. 6esterday brought the postDman a letter which I had been expecting.
15. -y the policeman the dri"er to mo"e on was ordered.
17. The man at last after loosing his way returned to the hotel.
18. >rom the shelf by someone the boo! was ta!en.
19. The teacher forgot our compositions to correct.
1:. The friend from abroad whom I told you about has arri"ed.
2;. I forgot on the letter I sent to write the address.
%+EEA-, '> >AEB*EN&6 .ere are the most important of them: #enerally, sometimes, o%ten, %re,uently,
rarely, seldom, e$er, ne$er, usually, occasionally, already, -ust and still.
They may be placed:
(a -efore the main "erb. (.e often comes to see me.
(b %fter the first auxiliary in a component "erb. (It might ne"er ha"e happened.
(c %fter the "erb $to be$ J though they may be placed before to "ary the emphasis. (.e is usually late. 'r:
.e usually is.
&omplete the following sentences by choosing one of the two words or phrases gi"en in brac!ets.
(a .e (often comes, comes often to see me.
(b If you had been careful this (ne"er might, might ne"er ha"e happened.
(c .e (has rarely, rarely has ta!en much trouble with his wor!.
(d .e (is already, already is here.
Exercise )
)ut the ad"erbs in brac!ets in their correct place in each of these sentences.
1. .e has mentioned the subject. (ne$er)
2. It is raining hard. (still)
3. 0e go to this part of the town. (seldom)
4. .e is ill. (o%ten)
5. These ad"erbs go before the main "erb. (#enerally)
7. .e has in"ited me to his house. (sometimes)
8. ,he would ha"e told you a thing li!e that. (ne$er)
9. 6ou can trust him. (always)
:. .e goes out of the house. (rarely)
1;. 6ou can be certain that he will succeed. (ne$er)
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Review of tenses
1. )ut the "erbs in brac!ets into a suitable tense.
a +on$t worry, I (gi"e (r -rown your message as soon as (come in.
b .e (run to the bus stop but when he (get there, the bus (alreadyHgo.
c 'f course I trust youK <oo!, I (notHoffer to lend you the money if I (thin! you (notHpay me bac!.
d 'h noK 6ou (brea! my best plate. Now you (ha"e to buy me a new one.
e 0hat time (this trainHget to Edinburgh?
f If (say in today$s paper that a number of "aluable paintings (steal from that Tate Callery.
g I (tell my boss yesterday that I (want to gi"e in my notice because I (find a better job.
h If you (notHstop ma!ing that awful noise, I (call the police.
i 0e (go to %merica this year for our holiday. 0e thin! it (be a complete change because we
(usuallyHtour in Europe.
j I hope you (notHwait too long. I$m afraid the lift (brea! down and I (must wal! down the stairs from
the 24
th
floorK
! 0hile we (wait to ta!e off at .ong Gong airport, the pilot (announce that we (fly through a
thunderstorm.
l I (wor! hard on my no"el all day and when this page (finish, I (write three whole chapters.
m0e (buy tic!ets for the film in ad"ance, but as the cinema is half empty, we (notHneedHdo so.
n It was extraordinaryK In fact, if I (notHsee it with my own eyes, I (ne"erHbelie"e it.
o I$d rather you (notHsmo!e if you (notHmind. &igarette smo!e (alwaysHma!e me feel ill.
2. In the following conversation, put the verbs in brackets into a suitable tense (active or passive.
% .ello /im. I (notHsee you for agesK 0hat (youHdo?
- I (wor! abroad, actually. I (ha"e a 7 month contract with the -ritish &ouncil to teach English in
&hina. I only (get bac! two days ago.
% &hinaK .ow mar"ellous. 0here (you Hli"e?
- 0ell, I (spend four months in -eijing, and then I (go to ,hanghai and =ian.
% %nd (youHmanage to see the Creat 0all?
- 'h yes, and I (climb it tooK I also (see the >orbidden &ity, or the )alace (useum as it (call
nowadays. That$s fantastic. %nd lots more.
% %nd (youHta!e many photographs?
- .undredsK *nfortunately some of them (notHcome out too well because the camera I (use
(notHha"e a flash. I really wish I (ta!e better e#uipment.
% 0ell, I hope you (show then to me one day soon. If I (!now you (go to &hina, I (as! you to bring
me some sil!.
- I (in"ite to go at "ery short notice, in fact. I$m afraid I (notHha"e time to let anyone !now.
% +on$t worry, I (onlyHjo!eK <oo!, what (youHdo on ,aturday e"ening?
- This ,aturday? (y parents (come in the afternoon but they (lea"e by six o$cloc!.
% 0ell, why (youHnotHcome to supper in the e"ening? Then you (be able to show me your
photographs and tell me all about your trip.
- Than! you, I$d li!e to. I (e"enHbring a bottle of &hinese wine with me to go with the mealK
!. "ut the verbs in brackets into a suitable tense (active or passive or into an infinitive or #ing for$.
%fter I (lea"e college, I (find it "ery difficult (get a job. I (mustHwrite fifty or sixty letters of
application but all the replies (say the same thing: $0e are sorry (tell you that the post you (apply for
(nowHfill.$ I only (ha"e one inter"iew and they (tell me that there (be o"er 2;; applications. Needless
to say, I (notHget the jobK
In the end, I (decideLH ta!e a partDtime job as a waitress just (earn enough money (pay the rent. Then
while I (ser"e meals one day, I o"erheard two customers (tal!. 'ne (explain that his secretary (lea"e
at "ery short notice and that he (notH!now what (do. I (stopL ser"e at once and (as! the man if he
(consider me for the job because I (ha"e all the necessary #ualifications. .e (mustHbe "ery surprised
but he (agreeHinter"iew me the next day. To cut a long story short, I (gi"e the job and I (wor! as a
secretary for a year now. I expect I (stillHser"e meals in a cafM, if I (notHha"e the courage to interrupt
that con"ersationK
9