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**1 Stress from axial loads on the End Disk
**

Consider End Thrust on Disc of Pulley

The thrust on the end disk can come from a misaligned pulley where the

load or from the design or the installation of the locking assembly itself.

As the locking assembly, as shown in Fig xx, is tightened it will ﬁrst stop

slipping on the shaft. Additional tightening the draws the end disk outwards

causing a bellowing load. For this style of locking assembly the recommended

installation sequence is to tighten one end of the pulley prior to tightening the

second end. Failure to due this may cause twice the amount of load from the

bellow.

As both of these potential loadings are in a single direction they generally

not considered to cause alternating loads.

The typical axial load from belt misalignment to consider if 10% of the total

belt tension H = 10% x (T1 + T2). This load is then evenly divided between

the two end disks.

Lange (page 71) derives the stress from a thrust on the end disk as

σ

r

=

by Omer Bladgett (1961), Lincoln Electric.

Consider disc as outer edge ﬁxed and supported. Inner edge ﬁxed.

Inner edge (hub)

Max σ

r

=

3W

2πt

2

_

1 −

2r

2

r

2

−r

2

1

log

r

r1

_

Max ∆ =

27W

400πEt

3

_

r

2

−r

2

1

−

4r

2

r

2

1

r

2

−r

2

1

_

log

r

r1

_

2

_

or use

σ

r

=

K1W

t

2

∆ =

K2Wr

2

Et

3

r

r1

K

1

K

2

1.25 0.115 0.00129

1.5 0.220 0.0064

2.0 0.405 0.0237

3.0 0.703 0.062

4.0 0.933 0.092

5.0 1.13 0.114

Adapted from Timoshenko ”Theory of Plates and Shells” and Roark ”For-

mulas for Stress and Strain”

1.1 Symmetrical Bending - Lange

Nw+

∂N

∂r

_

2

∂

3

w

∂r

3

+

2 + ν

r

∂

2

w

∂r

2

−

1

r

2

∂w

∂r

+

2

r

2

∂

3

w

∂r∂φ

2

−

3

r

3

∂

2

w

∂φ

2

_

+

∂

2

N

∂r

2

_

∂

2

w

∂r

2

+

ν

r

∂w

∂r

+

1

r

2

∂

2

w

∂φ

2

_

= 0

(1)

where

w =

∂

2

w

∂r

2

+

1

r

∂w

∂r

+

1

r

2

∂

2

w

∂φ

2

N =

Eh

3

12(1−ν

2

)

1 Stress from axial loads on the End Disk 2

The boundary conditions on the edges of the end plates of a conveyor belt

pulley loaded by the axial component of the belt tension are:

on the inner boundary: r = r

i

, w

= 0

on the outer boundary: r = r

a

, w

= 0

p

ra

=

H/2

2πra

i.e. a transverse load p

r

a on the outer boundary and an axial load H

(clamped support inside and outside)

These boundary conditions can be expressed by the premises w = R(r);

∂w

∂φ

=

0 for equation (1).

With this, equation (1). can be transposed into the following form:

∂

4

w

∂r

4

N+

∂

3

w

∂r

3

_

2

r

N + 2N

_

+

∂

2

w

∂r

2

_

−

1

r

2

N +

2 + ν

r

N

+ N

_

+

∂w

∂r

_

1

r

3

N −

1

r

2

N

+

ν

r

N

_

= 0

(2)

Introducing the following functions: N/N

0

= f(ρ); h

0

ξ = w; ρ = r/r

a

equa-

tion (2) will be transformed into:

ξ

ρ

4

f(ρ)+ξ

ρ

3

[2f(ρ)+2ρf

(ρ)]+ξ

ρ

2

[−f(ρ)+(2+ν)ρf

(ρ)+ρ

2

f

(ρ)]+ξ

ρ[f(ρ)−ρf

(ρ)+νρ

2

f

(ρ)] = 0

(3)

Assuming that the cross section is characterized by a function of the radius

in this manner:

(h/h

0

)

3

= f(ρ) = (ρ/ρ

i

)

n

; ρf

(ρ) = nf(ρ);

then equation (3) will be transformed into:

ξ

ρ

4

+ξ

ρ

3

[2+2n]+ξ

ρ

2

[−1+(2+ν)n+n(n−1)]+ξ

ρ[1−n+νn(n−1)] = 0 (4)

The order of this equation can be reduced by setting n = ξ

which allows a

solution with n = ρ

q

. The solution of equation (4) reads then for n=0;

ξ = A

1

+ A

2

ρ

2

+ A

3

ρ

2

ln ρ + A

4

ln ρ

for n = 0; n = 2

ξ = A

1

+ A

2

ρ

q2

+ A

3

ρ

q3

+ A

4

ρ

q4

with

q

2

= 2 −n

q

3

= 1 −

1

2

(n −

_

n

2

+ 4(1 −νn)) = 1 −a

q

4

= 1 −

1

2

(n +

_

n

2

+ 4(1 −νn)) = 1 −b

The relations for the moment and transverse forces are:

m

r

= −

Nha

r

2

a

[ξ

+ νρ

−1

ξ‘]

m

ψ

= −

Nha

r

2

a

[νξ

+ ρ

−1

ξ‘]

p

r

= −

Nha

r

2

a

[ξ

+ ξ

ρ

−1

(1 + n) −ξ‘ρ

−2

(1 −νn)]

1 Stress from axial loads on the End Disk 3

From the above mentioned boundary conditions result the deﬁning equations

for the coeﬃcients A

2

, A

3

, and A

4

. Substituting these, the stresses can be

calculated as follows: n=0

σ

r

=

H

h

2

o

3(1 + ν)

4π

_

ln ρ

i

ρ

−2

i

−1

−

1

2

+

3 + ν

2(1 + ν)

+ ln ρ +

1 −ν

1 + ν

ln ρ

i

ρ

−2

i

−1

ρ

2

_

(5)

σ

ψ

=

H

h

2

o

3(1 + ν)

4π

_

ln ρ

i

ρ

−2

i

−1

−

1

2

+

1 + 3ν

2(1 + ν)

+ ln ρ −

1 −ν

1 + ν

ln ρ

i

ρ

−2

i

−1

ρ

2

_

(6)

τ = 0 (7)

for n = 0; n = 2

σ

r

=

H

h

2

o

_

ρ

ρ

i

_

−

2n

3

3

2πn(1 −ν)

_

(n −1 −ν) −

1 −ρ

1−a

i

1 −ρ

b−a

i

(a −ν)ρ

b−1

−

1 −ρ

1−b

i

1 −ρ

a−b

i

(b −ν)ρ

a−1

_

(8)

σ

ψ

=

H

h

2

o

_

ρ

ρ

i

_

−

2n

3

3

2πn(1 −ν)

_

[ν(n −1) −1) −

1 −ρ

1−a

i

1 −ρ

b−a

i

(νa −1)ρ

b−1

−

1 −ρ

1−b

i

1 −ρ

a−b

i

(νb −1)ρ

a−1

_

(9)

τ = 0 (10)

with

a =

1

2

(n −

_

n

2

+ 4(1 −νn))

b =

1

2

(n +

_

n

2

+ 4(1 −νn))

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