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Electrical Engineering Department

Refresher Exam
EE Subject
Name:__________________________________
Direction: Solve the following problem and select the best answer.
. !t is desired to measure the insulation resistance between the motor winding and the motor frame" a #$$%volt #$"$$$ ohm voltmeter
in ma&ing the measurement. 'he voltmeter connected across the source reads (#$ volts and when connected in series with the
insulation reads ) volts. *ind the insulation resistance+
,. .) mega%ohms. -. .() mega%ohms.
B. 1.35 mega-ohms. D. (.$ mega%ohms.
(. , wire has a resistance of .$ ohm per $$$ ft at diameter of $. inch. Determine the resistance of a ($$ ft long conductor if the
diameter is .$ mils.
,. (.) C. 1.25
/. () D. (.)
#. 'wo coils in a networ& are positioned such that there is 0$1 coupling between them. !f the inductance of one coil is ( m2 and the
other is 3 m2" find the mutual inductance.
A. 6.8 mH -. ..0 m2
/. 0.3 m2 D. 0.( m2
.. , capacitor is charged at $$"$$$ micro%coulomb in ( seconds. 4hat is the current in m,+
,. $.) -. )
/. $.$$) D. 50
). , coil of )$ ohm resistance and of )$ m2 inductance is connected is parallel with a )$ micro%farad capacitor. 'he source voltage
is $$ sin 56t 7#$deg8. 4hat is the e9uation of the line current+
,. .: sin 56t 7 )(.)deg8
/. .0( sin 56t ; 3(deg8
C. 1.25 sin (ώt + 75.5deg)
D. .#( sin 56t ;<).)deg8
3. 'wo current" )7j( and #%j( enter a junction. 4hat is the out going current+
,. (7j., -. (,
B. 8A D. 0%j.,
<. , single phase induction motor is rated )hp" <)1 power factor and (($ volts. 4hat approximate si=e of capacitor is necessar> to
raise the power factor to about :)1+
,. # &var -. (.) &var
B. 2 !a" D. #.) &var
0. , load of $"$$$ ?@," 0)1 power factor lagging is connected to a #"($$ volt line. 2ow much reactive power is needed to correct
the power factor to :<1 lagging+
,. )")3 ?@,R C. 3#138 $%A&
/. (").< ?@,R D. ."<)# ?@,R
:. 4hat capacitance must be placed in series with an inductance of $.$) 2 so that at $$ 2=" the impedance becomes e9ual to the
ohmic resistance+
A. 50 '( -. #).) u*
/. <$.< u* D. 0< u*
$. Ane leg of a radio tuned circuit has a capacitance of one times ten to the minus nine farad. !t is turned at ($$ ?2=" what is the
inductance of the other leg in henr>+
A. 6.33 ) 10
-7
-. ($ x $
%#
/. 0.() x $
%)
D. ($ x $
%#
. , balanced delta connected load of . ; j# ohmsBphase is fed b> a #0$ @" #%phase s>stem. *ind the reactive power.
A. 52 %A&* -. 3: &@,RS
/. (: &@,RS D. 0< &@,RS
(. , balanced three phase w>e connected source has using negative phase se9uence" @ca C #:0 @rms with :$ degrees angle.
Determine @an.
,. (#$ 7 j $ @ -. ) ; j:: @
B. -115 + ,1-- % D. ; j(#$ @
#. , balanced #%phase w>e connected source has using ,/- phase se9uence" @an C (#$ @rms with #$ degrees angle. Determine
@bc
,. :$.) 7 j##$ @ -. %:$.) ; j##$ @
B. 1-0.5 + ,330 % D. ; j#0 @
.. , (.$ @ 5line to neutral8 three%phase source is connected to three $ ohm resistance loads with both source and load in the D%
configuration. Determine the current in each phase
,. (( , C. 2. A
/. ($ , D. (0 ,
). !n a balanced three%phase s>stem" the w>e%connected impedances connected are $ ohms with #$ degrees angle. !f @bc is e9ual
to .3 @ with (.$ degrees angle" determine !cn. ,ssume the phase se9uence is abc.
A. 12 + ,20.8 A -. ( ; j($.0 ,
/. ($.0 ; j( , D. ($.0 7 j( ,
3. , $ &va" ..$B$ volts 3$ 2= (%winding transformer is used as an autotransformer 4hat is the &va rating if it is used as ))$B$
volts autotransformer+
,. .$ C. 12.5
/. () D. )$
<. , $$ &va" (#$$B(#$ volts 3$ 2= (%winding transformer is used as an autotransformer having a single winding to step up the
voltage of a (#$$ volts line b> $1. !f the transformer has #.#1 impedance as (%winding transformer" find the 1 impedance as
autotransformer.
A. 0.3 -. ##
/. $.$$# D. $.$##
0. , )$$ hp" (.$$@" #%phase motor of :$ percent factor and :) percent efficienc> is to be operated from a #.0 &@ utilit> service
through a w>e%delta connected transformers. -ompute the secondar> winding current in ampere of the transformer.
,. )<.# -. $..:
/. ().3 D. 60.6
:. 4hat is the possible s>nchronous speed in rpm of a $ pole induction motor used on 3$ c>cle line+
,. ($$ C. 720
/. 0$$ D. #3$$
($. , three phase generator with full load current of .)$ at (".$$ volts has $.$0 ohm" resistance and a s>nchronous reactance of (.0
ohms" what is the regulation in percent at <) percent pow
(. er factor lagging+
A 12.8 -. ..#
/. 0.: D. (.)
((. , )$$ &va single phase transformer with )1 reactance is to share a load of <)$ &va at 0$1 pf lagging with a ### &va single phase
transformer with .1 reactance. -alculate the &va delivered b> each transformer.
,. #<) each -. ### E .<
/. #)$ E .$$ D. 3.0 / .10
(#. 4hat is the slip in percent of a 3 pole s>nchronous motor running <$ rpm+
A. 2.50 -. (1
/. # 1 D. $
(.. 4hat is the slip in percent of an induction motor running .(< rpm+
,. (.)1 -. (1
/. # 1 D. 50
(). ,n ,- generator )$$ &va capacit> has a full load efficienc> of :1 at $$1 power factor and 031 at 0$1 power factor lagging
current. 4hat engine drive in 2F is re9uired if the genset is to suppl> entirel> motor loads+
,. #() C. 1870
/. ()() D. (($
(3. 'hree ### &va transformers are delta connected" one connection has been cut" what is the maximum &va that can be supplied b>
the remaining transformers+
,. ### -. 3<<
B. 577 D. .(#
(<. , short circuit test was performed on a ) &va" (.$$B(.$ volts transformer >ields the following results: Short circuit current C 3.()
,mp" short circuit voltageC# volts and short circuit powerC(. watts. Determine the 1@R at full load 0$1 power factor lagging
A. ..350 -. ..)1
/. ..01 D. ).(1
(0. , ()$ &@, ($$$$B(.$ volts single phase transformer operates at: *ull%load "$.0 p.f. lagging for hoursG 2alf load at unit> pf for 0
hoursG ()1 load at :)1 pf leading for the rest of the da>
'he core loss is 0$$ 4atts and full load copper loss is ()$$ 4atts. 4hat is the all;da> efficienc>+
A. -7.-0 -. :3.(1
/. :0.)1 D. :0.<1
(:. 4hat should be the turn ratio of a three phase transformer to transform $ H@, from (#$ &v to .3$ volts if the transformer is
connected w>e%delta+
A. 31.-2 -. )).(:
/. :).<3 D. (.#:
#$. , single circuit" three phase 3$ 2= transmission line consist of three conductors each of ()$ mils in diameter arranged in triangular
formation )m" )m and 0 m apart. *ind the inductive reactance per &m.
A. 0.5858 ohm -. $.0303 ohm
/. $.3030 ohm D. $.0)0) ohm
#. 4hat is the standard device number for overvoltage rela>+
,. .3 -. 3.
/. (< D. 5-
#(. , single phase $ &m transmission line has 3.3) m2 total inductance. !f the distance between the conductor is .$ m" 4hat is the
IHR of conductor+
,. .33( cm -. .03. cm
B. 1.558 1m D. .(#0 cm
##. 'wo generator )$ H@," . &@ JgC()1 are connected in parallel and are connected to a transformer $$ H@, ..( &@ delta B )&@
w>e grounded with JtC$1. 4hat is the available short circuit H@, at the transformer secondar>+
A. 286 -. #)3
/. )<0 D. .#)
#.. 4hat is the standard device number for Directional Fower Rela>+
,. #< C. 32
/. .$ D. (<
#). , short #%phase transmission line has an impedance of 07j ohm per phase. 'he sending end voltage is ($ &@ when suppl>ing a
balanced load at $ &@" $.: power factor lagging. 4hat is the Receiving end power in H4.
,. $H4 -. .#.(H4
/. .(H4 D. 81.623
#3. , three phase" # &v transmission line delivers 0 H@, of load. 'he per phase impedance of the line is 5$.$7j$.$)8 pu referred to a
# &v" 0 H@, base. 4hat is the voltage drop across the line+
,. 003 volts -. <3: volts
B. 663 !o4ts D. ):) volts
#<. 'he per phase constants of a #.) &v" three phase" )$ &m long transmission line has a resistance of $. ohm per &m" inductance
of . m2 per &m and capacitance of $.$( u* per &m. 'he line supplies a 0$H4 load at $.: power factor lagging.. Ksing nominal
pi" calculate the / constant+
,. 30.03 cis <).03
o
-. 3<.3: cis 03...
o
B. 63.-8 1is76...
o
D. 3).:) cis<).))
o
#0. , ## &v #%phase generating station is to suppl> $ H4 load at # &v" $.: power factor lagging over a #%phase transmission line #
&m long. *or the efficienc> of the line to be :31" what must be the impedance of the line+
,. #.(.7j<.0 -. #.(.7j3..
B. 3.2.+,5.- D. #.(.7j0.<
#:. 'he capacitance between an> two conductor with the third connected to the sheath of a three phase" #%conductor cable is $.( L*
per &m. 4hat is total capacitance to neutral for $&m line+
,. (L* C. .5(
/. )L* D. 3L*.
#:. ,t a certain location in an electric s>stem" the available fault H@, is .$$ H@,. , ) H@," #..) &@B3.(.&@" (.)1 impedance" w>e%
w>e grounded transformer is installed at that location. Determine the short circuit H@, at the secondar> .
,. :) H@, -. :$ H@,
/. )$ H@, D. 2.0 2%A
.$. 'here was a phase to phase fault at #.0 &@ s>stem where the 'heveninMs e9uivalent impedance is (.3#1 what is the magnitude
of the fault current. /ase H@, is $.
,. )":$$ amperes -. <:<$ amperes
B. 13#800 am6e"es D. (<"3$$ amperes
.. , ) H@," #.0 &@ B .0$ @" )1 impedance transformer is tapped at #.0 &@ line where the 'heveninMs e9uivalent impedance is N
ohm. Determine the fault current at the primar> for a three%phase fault at the secondar>.
,. $")$$ amperes -. .($$$ amperes
B. 3300 am6e"es D. 3$)$ amperes
.(. 'he units of capacitance are
,. voltsBcoulomb -. ohms
B. 1o'4om7s8!o4ts D. henr>B4b
.#. O'he total electric flux through an> closed surface surrounding charges is e9ual to the amount of charge enclosedP. 'he above
statement is associated with
,. -oulombMs s9uare law -. HaxwellMs first law
B. 9a'ss:s 4a; D. HaxwellMs second law
... *or which of the following parameter variation" the capacitance of the capacitor remains unaffected+
,. Distance between plates -. Nature of dielectric
/. ,rea of the plates D. <hi1ness o= the 64ates
.). @oltage across capacitor at an> time ' during charging from a D- source of voltage @ is given b>
,. -.
B. D.
.3. 'he brea&down voltage for paper capacitors is usuall>
,. ($ to 3$ volts -. ($$$ to #$$$ volts
B. 200 to 1600 !o4ts D.more than $$$$ volts
.<. 'he direction of magnetic lines of force is
,. from South Fole to north pole
/. from one end of the magnet to another
C. ="om >o"th ?o4e to so'th 6o4e
D. none of the above
.0. 'he two conductors of a transmission line carr> e9ual current ! in opposite direction. 'he force on each conductor is
,. proportional to !
/. proportional to distance between conductors
C. 6"o6o"tiona4 to
D. inversel> proportional to
.:. , material which is slightl> repelled b> a magnetic field is &nown as
,. ferromagnetic material -.paramagnetic material
B. diamagneti1 mate"ia4 D. conducting material
)$. 'he ratio of intensit> of magneti=ation to the magneti=ation force is &nown as
,. flux densit> -.s's1e6ti7i4it@
/. relative permittivit> D. none of the above
). Faramagnetic materials have relative permeabilit>
,. slightl> Q C. s4ight4@ A 1
/. e9ual to unit> D. R
)(. 'he unit of magnetic flux is
,. henr> -. ;e7e"
-. ampere%turnBweberD. ampereBmeter
)#. Fermeabilit> in a magnetic circuit corresponds to ___ in an electric circuit.
,. resistance -. resistivit>
B. 1ond'1ti!it@ D. conductance
).. 'he initial rate of rise of current through a coil of inductance $ 2 when suddenl> connected to a D- suppl> of ($$ @ is ___ ,Bs
,. )$ -. 20
/. $.$) D. )$$
)). 'he propert> of a material which opposes the creation of magnetic flux in it is &nown as
,. reluctivit> -. permeance
/. magneto motive force D. "e4'1tan1e
)3. Saminated cores" in electrical machines" are used to reduce
,. copper loss -. edd@ 1'""ent 4oss
/. h>steresis loss D. all of the above
)<. 'he direction of induced emf can be found b>
,. SaplaceMs law -. *lemingMs right hand rule
B. BenC:s 4a; D. ?irchhoffMs voltage law
)0. 'he co%efficient of self inductance for a coil is given as
,. -.
/. D.
):. 'he self inductances of two coils are 0 m2 and 0 m2. !f the co%efficient of coupling is $.)" the mutual inductance of the coil is
,. . m2 -. ) m2
B. 6 mH D. ( Hh
3$. , )$$ turns solenoid develops an average induced voltage of 3$ @. Aver what time interval must a flux change of $.$3 4b occur to
produce such a voltage+
,. $.$ s -. $. s
B. 0.5 s D. ) s
3. , conductor carries () amperes of current under 3$T to a magnetic field of . tesla. 'he force on the conductor will be nearl>
,. 30.<) NBm -. 120 >8m
/. (.$ NBm D. .0$ NBm
3(. O'he mass of an ion liberated at an electrode is directl> proportional to the 9uantit> of electricit>P. 'he above statement is
associated with
,. NewtonMs law
/. *arada>Ms law of electromagnetic induction
C. (a"ada@:s 4a; o= e4e1t"o4@sis
D. IaussMs law
3#. 'he specific gravit> of electrol>te is measured b>
,. manometer -. a chemical gauge
B. h@d"omete" D. ps>chrometer
3.. 'he capacit> of a lead%acid cell is measured in
,. amperes -. am6e"e-ho'"s
/. watts D. watt%hours
3). *ive ( @ cells are connected in parallel. 'he output voltage is
,. $ @ -. .) @
/. .<)@ D. 2 %
33. 'he storage batter> generall> used in electric power station is
,. nic&el%cadmium batter> -. 4ead-a1id 7atte"@
/. =inc%carbon batter>D. none of the above
3<. ,n ,- current is given b> ! C ($$ sin $$ . !t will achieve a value of $$ , after ___ second.
,. -.
/. D.
30. 'he pea& value of a sine wave is ($$ @. !ts average value is
A. 127. . % -. ... @
/. (0(.0 @ D. ($$ @
3:. 'he power consumed in a circuit element will be least when the phase difference between the current and voltage is
,. 0$T -. -0D
/. 3$T D. $T
<$. 'he rms value and mean value is the same in the case of
,. triangular wave -. sine wave
C. sE'a"e ;a!e D. half wave rectifier sine wave
<. *or a fre9uenc> of ($$ 2=" the time period will be
,. $.$) s -. 0.005 s
/. $.$$$) s D. $.) s
<(. Samination of core are generall> made of
,. cast iron -. carbon
B. si4i1on stee4 D. stainless steel
<#. 'he commutator segments are connected to the armature conductors b> means of
A. 1o66e" 4'gs -. resistance wires
/. insulation pads D. bra=ing
<.. *or a D- generator when the number of poles and the number of armature conductors is fixed" then which winding will give the
higher emf+
,. lap winding -. Either of 5a8 and 5b8 above
B. ;a!e ;inding D. depends on the design
<). !ron losses in a D- machine are independent of variation in
,. speed -. 4oad
/. voltage D. speed and voltage
<3. /rushes of D- machines are made of
A. 1a"7on -. soft copper
/. hard copper D. all of above
<<. No%load speed of which of the following motor will be highest+
,. shunt motor -. cumulative compound motor
B. se"ies moto" D. differential compound motor
<0. !f a D- motor is to be selected for conve>ors" which motor would be preferred+
A. *e"ies moto" -. differentiall> compound motor
/. Shunt motor D. -umulative compound motor
<:. Small D- motors up to ) 2.F. usuall> have
A. 2 6o4es -. . poles
/. 3 poles D. 0 poles
0$. 'he mechanical power developed b> a shunt motor will be maximum when the ratio of bac& emf to applied voltage is
,. ..$ -. (.$
/. .$ D. 0.5
0. 'he speed of a motor falls from $$ rpm at no%load to $)$ rpm at rated load. 'he speed regulation of the motor is
,. ..).1 -. ..760
/. 3.<<1 D. 0.0.1
0(. 'he no%load current drawn b> transformer is usuall> what per cent of the full%load current+
,. $.( to $.) percent -. ( to ) percent
B. 2 to 5 6e"1ent D. ($ to #$ percent
0#. 'he dielectric strength of transformer oil is expected to be
,. &@ -. 33 %
/. $$ &@ D. ##$ ?v
0.. 4hich of the following is not a part of transformer installation+
,. conservator -. breather
/. /uchhol= rela> D. e)1ite"
0). , common method of cooling a power transformer is
,. natural air cooling C. oi4 1oo4ing
/. air blast cooling D. an> of the above
03. 'he maximum efficienc> of a distribution transformer is
,. at no load -. at 500 ='44 4oad
/. at 0$1 full load D. at full load
0<. 'he fre9uenc> of the voltage generated in large alternators
A. 50 HC -. in &ilo c>cles
/. 3$ 2= d. in mega c>cles
00. 'he number of poles in turbo%alternators is usuall>
A. 2 -. (
/. . D. )$
0:. !n huge alternators" the moving part is
,. Stator -. ,rmature
B. ?o4es D. Rotor
:$. 2armonic component of generated E.H.*. 4ill be more in
,. Short pitch coil -. ('44 6it1h 1oi4
/. Song pitch coil D. none of above coils
$$. 'he dar& and bright lamp method is used for
,. 'ransfer of load -. *@n1h"oniCing
/. /alancing of load D. Fhase se9uence