mixing

© All Rights Reserved

9 views

mixing

© All Rights Reserved

- Solutions of Shakuntala Devi Book
- Application of Superconductivity in Electric Power System
- Mixing
- Application of Superconductivity in Electric Power System
- lab stations 3rd grade forces
- NCS 2008 mathematics exam
- 9 1 cathode ray oscilloscope doc
- Function generator
- Method of Image Charges
- Superconductivity
- 1-s2.0-S096085241001669X-main
- 2008 - David Tombe - Displacement Current 2
- ternario termodinamica
- Math C2 2008 June Question
- Cathode ray oscilloscope
- Displacement Current
- Specifications Part L 01003 Torsional Analysis
- 2008 - David Tombe - Displacement Current 1
- Lecture 5 Mag
- Uses of Capacitors

You are on page 1of 3

10 liters/min. The solution is kept thoroughly mixed and drains from the tank at the same rate. How much

salt is in the tank

(a) after t minutes?

(b) after 20 minutes?

Answer. Let us dene the function

s(t) = kgs of salt in the tank at time t minutes.

This is the function we need to nd. Now, obviously, we dont know what s(t) is, but we do know its

derivative:

s

(t) = the rate at which the amount of salt in the tank is changing

= (rate of salt going in) (rate of salt going out)

First, how much salt is going into the tank per minute?

0 kgs of salt

liter

10 liters

min

=

0 kgs of salt

min

Why the 0 kgs? Because pure water (i.e. no salt in it) is entering the tank.

Now how much salt is leaving the tank? Well, how many kgs of salt are there per liter in the tank (which,

remember, is kept thoroughly mixed) ? This many:

s(t) kgs

1000 liters

. And how fast is the solution being drained

from the tank? Solution is leaving the tank at the rate of

10 liters

min

. Therefore, the rate at which salt is

leaving the tank is

s(t) kgs of salt

1000 liters

10 liters

min

=

1

100

s(t) kgs of salt

min

.

Therefore, the dierential equation describing this situation is

s

= 0

1

100

s(t)

=

1

100

s(t) (1)

Solving equation (1) for s(t):

ds

dt

=

1

100

s =

ds

s

=

1

100

dt =s(t) = Ce

1/100t

Here, C is an arbitrary constant that we need to determine. The problem states that, at the start, there are

15 kgs of dissolved salt in the tank. Therefore, our initial condition is s(0) = 15. That being the case,

s(0) = 15 = Ce

1/1000

=15 = C.

Therefore, the answer to part (a) is s(t) = 15e

1/100t

. The answer to part (b) is

s(20) = 15e

1/10020

= 15e

1/5

12.28 kgs.

1

2. A tank contains 1000 liters of pure water. Brine that contains 0.05 kg of salt per liter of water enters

the tank at a rate of 5 liters/min. Brine that contains 0.04 kg of salt per liter of water enters the tank at

the rate of 10 liters/min. The solution is kept thoroughly mixed and drains from the tank at 15 liters/min.

How much salt is left in the tank

(a) after t minutes?

(b) after 1 hour?

Answer. The set up is going to be similar to the previous problem. We rst dene the function

s(t) = kgs of salt in the tank at time t minutes.

and we know that

s

(t) = the rate at which the amount of salt in the tank is changing

= (rate of salt going in) (rate of salt going out).

The things we have to determine are the rate in and rate out quantities. Unlike the rst problem, in

this one there are two sources of brine solution entering the tank, one at the rate of 5 liters/min and the

other at the rate of 10 liters/min. So rate in will be the sum of two quantities:

rate in =

liter

5 liters

min

liter

10 liters

min

min

min

=

0.65 kgs of salt

min

And with the same reasoning we used in the rst problem, the rate out is

s(t) kgs of salt

1000 liters

15 liters

min

=

3

200

s(t) kgs of salt

min

.

Therefore, the dierential equation describing this situation is

s

= 0.65 0.015s(t) (2)

Rewriting equation (2), we have: s

Weve seen equations of this form in class: y

y = e

ax

e

ax

g(x)dx + De

ax

.

Therefore, for this problem,

s(t) = e

0.015t

43.333 e

0.015t

+ De

0.015t

= 43.333 + De

0.015t

,

and using the initial condition s(0) = 0 (recall that the tank is lled with pure water at the start), we have

D = 43.333.

Therefore, the answer to part (a) is 43.333 43.333 e

0.015t

. The answer to part (b) is

s(60) = 43.333 43.333 e

0.01560

25.72 kgs.

2

3. Into a 2000 liter container is placed 1000 liters of a brine solution containing 40 kg of salt. A brine solution

containing .02 kg/l of salt ows into the container at a rate of 50 l/min. The solution is kept thoroughly

mixed, and the mixture ows out at a rate of 25 l/min. How much salt is in the container at the moment it

overows?

Answer. The set up is going to be similar to the previous problems. We rst dene the function

s(t) = kgs of salt in the tank at time t minutes.

and we know that

s

First, the rate in:

rate in =

0.02 kgs of salt

liter

50 liters

min

=

1 kg of salt

min

Now for the rate out, and here we have to be a little bit careful. Note that more solution is owing in

than is owing out of the tank. At the very beginning, how much solution is in the tank? 1000 liters. Ok,

how much solution is in the tank after 1 minute? 1000 + 50 (liters owing in per minute) - 25 (liters owing

out per minute) = 1000 + (50 25) = 1025 liters. And after 2 minutes? 1000 + (50 25) 2 = 1050 liters.

Therefore, after t minutes, there is 1000 + (50 25)t = 1000 + 25t liters of solution in the tank. Therefore,

the rate out is

s(t) kgs of salt

(1000 + 25t) liters

25 liters

min

=

s(t) kgs of salt

(40 + t) min

.

This leads to the dierential equation:

s

(t) = 1

s(t)

40 + t

=s

(t) +

s(t)

40 + t

= 1.

This equation is of the general form s

(t) +p(t)s(t) = g(t), and we know how to solve equations of this form:

s(t) =

1

(t)

(t)g(t)dt

+ D

1

(t)

where (t) = exp

p(t)dt

.

Plugging things in and integrating yields:

s(t) =

80 t + t

2

2 (40 + t)

+

D

40 + t

At time t = 0, there is 40 kgs of salt in the tank, so s(0) = 40. This implies that D = 1600. Therefore,

s(t) =

80 t + t

2

2 (40 + t)

+

40

40 + t

When (i.e. for what time t) does the tank overow? The moment there is 2000 liters of solution in it.

We have an expression for the amount of solution in the tank: 1000 +25t. So setting this equal to 2000 and

solving for t: 1000 + 25t = 2000 t = 40.

Therefore, at the moment of overow, there is s(40) = 50 kgs of salt in the container.

3

- Solutions of Shakuntala Devi BookUploaded byAyush Jain
- Application of Superconductivity in Electric Power SystemUploaded byDIPAK VINAYAK SHIRBHATE
- MixingUploaded byinstrutech
- Application of Superconductivity in Electric Power SystemUploaded byIvar Nilasta
- lab stations 3rd grade forcesUploaded byapi-251793284
- NCS 2008 mathematics examUploaded byBDFM
- 9 1 cathode ray oscilloscope docUploaded bysuemozac
- Function generatorUploaded byChimaraoke Ndubueze
- Method of Image ChargesUploaded bySrikar Varadaraj
- SuperconductivityUploaded byprashanth68760
- 1-s2.0-S096085241001669X-mainUploaded byNarayani Mathivanan
- 2008 - David Tombe - Displacement Current 2Uploaded bysadang
- ternario termodinamicaUploaded byLuciano Cruz Janco
- Math C2 2008 June QuestionUploaded byChristy Yeung
- Cathode ray oscilloscopeUploaded byskruzer
- Displacement CurrentUploaded bychvar80
- Specifications Part L 01003 Torsional AnalysisUploaded byb
- 2008 - David Tombe - Displacement Current 1Uploaded bysadang
- Lecture 5 MagUploaded byShashank Sharma
- Uses of CapacitorsUploaded bymonkey2rockz
- W4 Revision Maths F4Uploaded bybidarihassan
- Year 7 Energy Resources and Electrical Circuits Mark SchemeUploaded byPhysicsF3
- Project on SaltUploaded bybulbul12
- 13S1 FE1073 C1-Resultants and Equilibrium of ForcesUploaded byglenlcy
- Exercise SachioUploaded byFajar Sukmaharsa
- Nalanda Open University NOUUploaded byVasu
- Advance EjoyyyyyyyUploaded byJohn Laurence Gonzaga Alcantara
- InterceptUploaded bytedwong314
- LAPORAN BMTT RIDA.docxUploaded byRidawati Turnip

- Swaraj - By Arvind Kejriwal - EnglishUploaded byGaurav Bansal
- avesh11Uploaded byshivam12365
- Modelling Air Quality in Street Canyons (1)Uploaded byshivam12365
- Lectut CEN 105 Doc CEN 105 PracticeQuestions(Module3&4) VfxP14sUploaded byshivam12365
- Analog & Digital VLSI Design Practice QuestionsUploaded byAbhinav Mishra
- Filter LabviewUploaded byshivam12365
- Routh Approximation M ChandUploaded byshivam12365
- C10 Optical Amplifiers IntroUploaded byshivam12365
- ForeignDirectInvestmentInRetailInINDIA(31-36)Uploaded byMumtaz Hussain
- Classnos for WebUploaded byshivam12365
- maps01Uploaded byshivam12365
- C3 Planar Optical WaveguideUploaded byshivam12365
- Jai Prakash NarayanUploaded byshivam12365
- Compre Question PaperUploaded byshivam12365
- Brochure 19AugUploaded byadddata
- Calendar Pilani Campus 2015-2016Uploaded byshivam12365
- Changing Paradigm - Social Media and Political Communication - A Situation in DelhiUploaded byshivam12365
- MATH_F313_1471Uploaded byshivam12365
- MATH_F312_1470Uploaded byshivam12365
- MATH_F212_1122Uploaded byshivam12365
- 07 IIC Tutorial ExUploaded byshivam12365
- 06 IIC Tutorial ExUploaded byshivam12365
- MATH_F471_1476Uploaded byshivam12365
- MATH_F242_1466Uploaded byshivam12365
- Folded CascodeUploaded byshivam12365
- MOSFET Capacitances - Junction and gateUploaded byshivam12365
- Layout of mosfetUploaded byshivam12365
- Election Commission GuidelinesUploaded byshivam12365

- Topic 8.2 - Thermal Energy TransferUploaded byPaul Amezquita
- M03 Partially Saturated Soils[1]Uploaded byrealchic
- Report Cooling TowerUploaded byEja RotiKeju
- Buckling 07Uploaded byXi Wang
- DS Acclaim RSLC 2um ColumnsUploaded byspmoralesa
- GeneticsUploaded byBishoy Magdy Louis
- 14-246Uploaded byPaola Gil
- Resistive Network AnalysisUploaded byAli Asher
- Indraprasasjtja.+PDFUploaded bymd.iet87
- Screw Propeller- Finished DrawingUploaded byZakariya Kareem
- IS 800-2007Uploaded bysumaiya_khanam
- The Polished Slab April 2019Uploaded byEric Cifani
- 2010_Rossouw, PE_A Historical Overview of the Development of the Acid Etch Bonding System in OrthodonticsUploaded bybajobajic
- Sanderson BDE and CBE'sUploaded byJosh Whitmer
- Encyclopedia of Laser Physics and Technology - Acceptance Angle in Fiber Optics, Numerical ApertureUploaded byNitish Rai
- 351expt 04 ModelsUploaded byFirst Last
- How to Measure Radiation in FoodUploaded byTeresa Beck
- isbn9789512289738.pdfUploaded byjulio1051
- Aquasafe Maximus II + Re-mineralization InstructionsUploaded byAquasafeSystems
- Grundfosliterature-3449388Uploaded byGrundfosEgypt
- C3b-Broad Scope Turbine 150506Uploaded bysrigirisetty208
- tut1Uploaded byDivya Prakash
- A6V10219537_Operating Instructions_Semi Flush-Mount Room Thermostat RDF300.., RDF340._enUploaded bySreekanth Raveendran
- Johnson 82 PrlUploaded byHdhshsjs
- Lab 2 Charpy Impact TestUploaded bySyahir Zulkifli
- 07.pdfUploaded byOsmar Gabriel Peñaloza
- Chem_105_Exp_4_Synthesis_and_Analysis_of_Calcium_Sulfate.pdfUploaded byBhupesh Mulik
- DSC...Uploaded byMatheus Loss Lize
- Mekanisme Dinding ChytinUploaded bynurrahmawatisholihah
- Solving the Mystery of the Black PowderUploaded bygeorgarcia