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π

The number π is related to the circle as well as the prime numbers.
Its relation to the circle:

The two parts of a circle

that can be easily measured

are its perimeter ( ie: circumference ) and diameter.
If

C = the circumference

the ratio

C
2r

and

d = 2r = the diameter of any circle

IS ALWAYS THE SAME for ANY circle — whatever its size!

The ratio, known as Archimedes Ratio, is given the symbol π
which means that for any circle

π =

C
2r

To 2 decimals, π equals 3.14, and to 2222 decimals, it equals
3.14159265358979323846264338327950288419716939937510582097494459230781640628620899862803482534211706798214808
6513282306647093844609550582231725359408128481117450284102701938521105559644622948954930381964428810975665933
4461284756482337867831652712019091456485669234603486104543266482133936072602491412737245870066063155881748815
2092096282925409171536436789259036001133053054882046652138414695194151160943305727036575959195309218611738193
2611793105118548074462379962749567351885752724891227938183011949129833673362440656643086021394946395224737190
7021798609437027705392171762931767523846748184676694051320005681271452635608277857713427577896091736371787214
6844090122495343014654958537105079227968925892354201995611212902196086403441815981362977477130996051870721134
9999998372978049951059731732816096318595024459455346908302642522308253344685035261931188171010003137838752886
5875332083814206171776691473035982534904287554687311595628638823537875937519577818577805321712268066130019278
7661119590921642019893809525720106548586327886593615338182796823030195203530185296899577362259941389124972177
5283479131515574857242454150695950829533116861727855889075098381754637464939319255060400927701671139009848824
0128583616035637076601047101819429555961989467678374494482553797747268471040475346462080466842590694912933136
7702898915210475216205696602405803815019351125338243003558764024749647326391419927260426992279678235478163600
9341721641219924586315030286182974555706749838505494588586926995690927210797509302955321165344987202755960236
4806654991198818347977535663698074265425278625518184175746728909777727938000816470600161452491921732172147723
5014144197356854816136115735255213347574184946843852332390739414333454776241686251898356948556209921922218427
2550254256887671790494601653466804988627232791786085784383827967976681454100953883786360950680064225125205117
3929848960841284886269456042419652850222106611863067442786220391949450471237137869609563643719172874677646575
7396241389086583264599581339047802759009946576407895126946839835259570982582262052248940772671947826848260147
6990902640136394437455305068203496252451749399651431429809190659250937221696461515709858387410597885959772975
4989301617539284681382686838689427741559918559252

which is still only an approximation. An exact value for this ratio
would require an infinite stream of digits! Nobody knows how to do
this, so, people simply call this ratio π

SOME EQUATIONS which will give you π to as many decimals as you like are π 4 = 1 − π = 2 1 × 1 3 2 3 1 + 5 4 × 1 − 7 4 × 3 5 + × 1 9 6 5 1 − + . 4 Shortly afterwards. 7..1415969 is the best fraction involving less than 9 digits for π III. π is irrational. after the heavy lectures involving quantum mechanics! II. like √2. Leonhard Euler discovered a weird connection between π and the prime numbers. . .. . 5. . 11. √3. } with π2 6 = ( 1 2 1 – 1/2 ) ( × 1 2 1 – 1/3 ) ( × 1 2 1 – 1/5 ) . 355 113 = 3.. This connection was triggered with his 1735 discovery that π2 = 6 1 2 1 + 1 2 + 2 1 + 2 3 1 2 + . . he rewrote the above in terms of the primes { 2. but unlike these numbers. 3.14159265358979 reads as How I need a drink. 11 6 × 7 × . 13. .7 things about π I. .. cannot be formed algebraically IV... alcoholic of course. A π poem ( or piem ) that helps you remember 3. V.

5 For the case of s = 1.. Borwein.. 2s p p If one then multiplied together ( 1 1 ) ( × s 1 – 1/2 ) ( 1 × s 1 – 1/3 s 1 – 1/5 ) ... . Euler made a connection between π and the infinity of primes as follows: If p is any prime number { 2. 5.com − 2 8n + 4 − 1 8n + 5 − 1 8n + 6 ) . it follows that the number of primes must be infinite.. } and s = 1. Since any positive integer ≥ 2 is the product of primes. 2. . one would get 1 Zeta(s) = 1 + 1 + s s 2 1 + 3 s .... 1 1 – 1/3 ) ( × 1 1 – 1/5 ) . then 1 1 = 1 + s 1 – 1/p 1 + s + . we have Zeta(1) = 1 + = 1 + 2 1 3 1 ( 1 – 1/2 1 + 5 ) ( × .. . 3. Here is a formula for π discovered in 1996 by Bailey. VII.. which diverges.. Later on. 3.VI. and Plouffe ∞ π = Σ n = 0 Stephen Bankes 1 n 16 ( 4 8n + 1 stephenbankes@gmail.. which is the Harmonic Series.