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Test 1

1) The atomic number is:

a) Number of protons
b) Number of protons and neutrons
c) Number of neutrons
d) The weight of the whole atom
e) None of the above

2) Isotopes are:
a) All the elements in the periodic table
b) Atoms with the same atomic number but different number of neutrons
c) Atoms with the same number of neutrons
d) All the elements in group 3
e) The radioactive elements lanthanides and actinides

3) Covalent bonds:
a) Involve interchange of electrons
b) Occur between a metallic and a non metallic element
c) Occur between two non metallic elements
d) Are very rare in nature
e) None of the above

4) In the molecule methane (CH
a) There are 4 ionic bonds
b) 10 electrons are shared (6 from C, 4 from H)
c) 8 electrons are shared (4 from C, 4 from H)
d) There is one hydrogen atom with 4 electrons shared
e) None of the above

5) glucose and glucose:
a) Have the same chemical properties
b) Are disaccharides
c) Have different chemical properties
d) Make up fructose when they bond together
e) Cannot bond to each other

6) Glycolysis:
a) The first step involves a glucose molecule bonding to an Acetyl-CoA molecule
b) Does not occur in anaerobic organisms
c) Follows Krebss cycle
d) Produces ATP and CO

e) None of the above

7) Fermentation occurs:
a) Because these cells do not have the necessary enzymes to carry on Krebss cycle.
b) Only in the yeast that is used to produce bread and alcoholic drinks
c) To produce more ATP from the pyruvtes that leave glycolysis
d) To produce NAD

e) All of the above

8) After the citric acid cycle, what happens?
a) The products go into the chloroplast to continue with electron transport chain.
b) Electrons are taken by the cytochromes
c) Electrons are taken by water
d) A chemiosmotic gradient was generated
e) All of the above

9) In cellular respiration, what happens to electrons after the electron transport chain is
a) They go back to the first protein in the chain
b) They end up in the matrix of the mitochondria
c) They join NAD to form NADH again
d) They stay in the last protein
e) They join O

10) C
a) Have the enzyme rubisco
b) Begin the dark reactions with ribulose biphosphate (RuBP)
c) Separate carbon fixation and carbohydrate synthesis in different spaces
d) Have special mesophyll cells where the Calvin cycle occurs
e) All of the above

11) Mendels work proved that:
a) Each diploid parent contributes with only one factor
b) Males and females contribute equally
c) Acquired skills and physical traits cant be passed on to offspring
d) Traits segregate independently
e) All of the above

12) In a monohybrid cross:
a) You might come across the genotype AaBb
b) You will get a ratio of 3:1
c) You might get a ratio thats different from 3:1
d) The parents have the same genotype
e) The parents have the same phenotype

13) To asses the distance between genes:
a) You have to perform a test cross between genotypes you know
b) You have to count the offspring according to whether the phenotype is parental or
c) You have to cross one parent of any genotype to the recessive
d) a and b are correct
e) All are correct

14) What is the rate for a cross RrYy x rrYy
a) 9:3:3:1
b) 8:4:3:1
c) 6:5:3:2
d) 9:0:0:7
e) None of the above

15) Which phenomenon seems to defy Mendels law?
a) Sex linkage
b) Epistasis
c) Pleiotropy
d) a and c
e) All of the above

16) Dinitrophenol (DNP) uncouples chemiosmosis and ATP production. It was used as a
drug to loose wait because:
a) ATP production stops
b) ATP production descends but does not completely stop
c) Chemiosmosis occurs normally, even though ATP is not synthesized
d) It affects fat digestion
e) The pH of the cytoplasm goes down because the protons are released and fat cells
are destroyed

17) In the gram stain, the mordant is used:
a) To dye all bacteria
b) To dye only the gram negative ones
c) To fix the dye inside all bacteria
d) To fix the dye in gram positive bacteria
e) To wash the slide

18) Regarding the scientific method:
a) It determines if my results are true or false
b) It is the basis to create theories
c) Creates hypothesis to put to the test
d) Proves that we shouldnt believe in God
e) It is based on predictions

19) You set up an experiment to measure the weight of some rats under different diets.
The weight is:
a) The independent variable
b) The dependent variable
c) The controlled variable
d) b and c
e) None of the above

20) The experiment consists in students blowing bubbles into a glass of water and
measuring pH. They should expect to see:
a) No change because nothing should happen
b) An increase in pH due to CO
being blown in and turning into H
capturing protons
c) A decrease in pH due to the CO
turning into CO
, which is an acid
d) b and c can be correct depending on the student who blows the bubbles
e) No change unless the students drink carbonated soft drinks such as Coke before
the experiment, and in this case pH decreases

21) In the mammalian cardiac cycle:
a) The blood from the left ventricle flows into the aorta and to the lungs
b) The blood from the left ventricle flows into the aorta and to systemic vessels
c) The blood in the aorta is mixed, partly oxygenated partly deoxygenated
d) b and c are correct
e) None are correct

22) Phagocytic cells:
a) Patrol the body looking for antigens to phagocyte
b) Patrol the body looking for cells infected with viruses to phagocyte
c) Flow in the blood and lymph
d) Can present antigens to lymphocytes
e) All of the above

23) How do action potentials work?
a) Channels in the membrane of axons open in response to a stimuli and the different
ionic concentrations diffuse freely, resulting in a voltage change
b) The Na/K pump stops working in response to a stimuli and the different ionic
concentrations diffuse freely, resulting in a voltage change
c) The myelin sheet of the axons allows or stops the action potential from the
sensory or motor neuron to reach the brain
d) a and c are correct
e) None is correct

24) In muscle contraction, the ______ heads attach to ______ and move with ____:
a) Sarcomere; myofibrils; an action potential
b) Myosin; actin filaments; ATP
c) Actin; troponin; ATP
d) Myosin; Ca
e) Myofibril; myosin; ATP

25) In mammals, tissues:
a) Can be divided in 4 types
b) Can be stratified or simple
c) Have a supporting and protective function, among others
d) Blood is one tissue
e) All of the above

26) In taxonomy:
a) Phylum includes kingdom
b) There are five kingdoms
c) The species name always ends with the suffix ae
d) The genus name always ends with the suffix ae
e) There are five domains

27) The lipid bilayer model:
a) Refers to the plasma membrane
b) Involves embedded proteins
c) Is also called fluid mosaic model
d) Is called like that because phospholipids have hydrophobic tails and hydrophilic
e) All of the above

28) The molecule of ATP:
a) Has one phosphate group
b) Has three nucleoside groups
c) Has one nucleotide group
d) Has one peptide bond
e) All of the above

29) In mitosis:
a) We find two parts, I and II
b) We find only one part
c) The result are two cells =2n
d) The result are two cells =n
e) b and c are correct

30) In the eukaryotic cell cycle:
a) M phase takes the longer time
b) G
takes the longer time
c) Neurons are stalled in G

d) DNA synthesis occurs in S phase
e) c and d are correct