Grade 3

Spelling Lesson 3
Spelling Principle or Generalization
ADDING SUFFIXES TO BASE WORDS ­ Part I

1  Adding suffixes to base words changes the spelling of the base words in predictable ways. 2 Adding a consonant­letter suffix necessitates no change in the base word (hope + ful = hopeful). 3 Adding a vowel­letter suffix means “Be prepared for a change in the base word.” run + ing = 

Core List
     Strategies
√ 1 FAMILIAR PARTS 2 SOUND OUT   3 SYLLABLES   4 SOUNDS LIKE       (RHYME TIME)  √ 5 SUFFIX CHANGES    6 CLEVER CLUES    7 MEANING    8 MEMORY LESSON OUTLINE I INTERACTIVE PRETEST II WHAT DO YOU  NOTICE?
2 types of suffixes CVC & CVCe words change w/ vowel suffixes but not w/ consonant suffixes Two vowel letters or two consonants means No Change (clean/cleaning, help/helping)

1 2 3 4 5 7 8

shop, scrub, wrap, dance, close, write, care,

shopping scrubbing wrapped dancing closing leaving  writing careful lovely cleaning

III STRATEGIES

IV CHALLENGE / HARD       WORDS V NEXT STEPS
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- SUFFIX CHANGES – FAMILIAR PARTS

6  leave,

challenge Words- Check In Tues. night Thur. night Friday

9  love, 10 clean,

Strategies Suffix Changes is the favored strategy.  Suffix rules help us understand the predictable way base  words  expand. Familiar Parts helps us recognize base words and common endings.    Additional Examples

get, getting bat, batter hug, hugged strut, strutting

take, taking ride, riding bake, baking ride, riding

love, lovely like, likely hope, hopeful hope, hopeless

blink, blinked shock, shocking thick, thickest pass, passed

shred, shredder sled, sledding dad, daddy hug, hugged grab, grabbed rob, robber drop, dropping drum, drummer thin, thinnest beg, begging pin, pinned chop, chopped step, stepped quit, quitter plan, planned trip, tripped

shine, shining joke, joker cute, cutest hope, hoping come, coming make, making love, loved scrape, scraping slide, sliding shake, shaking time, timer bake, baker use, using lunge, lunging bulge, bulging plunge, plunging

taste, tasteful taste, tasteless sure, surely time, timely shape, shapeless home, homeless lone, lonely hate, hateful name, nameless use, useless use, useful nice, nicely late, lately move, movement strange, strangely sense, senseless

pitch, pitched twitch, twitching thrash, thrashing ring, ringing crash, crashed wish, wished prevent, prevented coach, coaches mean, meanest point, pointer paint, painting teach, teacher hunch, hunches sketch, sketching swift, swiftly quick, quickly

Forget, forgetting Explode, exploding Regret, regretted Transcribe, transcribed fame, famous gentle, gentleness

compel, compelling permit, permitting regret, regretting measure, measurement peace, peaceful whole, wholesome

Harder Examples 

remember, remembering upbringing indulge, indulging excite, excitement polite, politely value, valueless

Review / Introduce:
Terms for two types of suffixes: 1 vowel-letter suffix (those that begin with a vowel letter: er, ed, ing, able, ous, etc.) 2 consonant-letter suffix (those that begin with a consonant letter: ly, ful, less, ness, ment, etc.) Remember…. Consonant-letter suffix means No change in the base word* Vowel-letter suffix means Be prepared for a change in the base word.
Base word run love love love love hope Vowel-letter suffix Run + ing = running love + able = lovable love + ing = loving love + er = lover Consonant-letter suffix comment

Vowel-letter suffix means Be prepared for change in base word. CVC word like run doubles final consonant. CVCe word like love drops the e (love + er = love – e + er yielding lover; love + ing = love – e + ing yielding loving).

love + ly = lovely hope + ful = hopeful

Consonant-letter suffix means No change in base word.

* The exception  to  this suffix rubric is words that end in y.  These words always bypass the basic rules for suffixes.

1 2

INTERACTIVE  PRETEST

Ask students to get out a piece of paper and a pencil for ‘interactive pretest.’ Give each example, 1­10, one at a time (including inflected form: Run, running) Put correct answer on board after each example– compile in list form on board. Ask What do you notice questions whenever appropriate.   For example, What do you notice about shop, shopping? Should notice  Consonant – letter suffixes mean no change in base word. Vowel­letter suffix means Base word changes.  CVC words double final C   (shop, shopping)       CVCe words drop final e Words with two vowel letters or two consonant letters do not change      (clean, cleaning, help, helping)

3   A

WHAT DO YOU   NOTICE  QUESTIONS

       

    B

STRATEGIES

Ask  Strategy questions:      1 What strategies are most helpful in spelling and learning these words?    SUFFIX CHANGES        FAMILIAR PARTS (for recognizing base words)

4 5 CHALLENGE WORDS

Students copy or are handed complete list of examples 1­10. Students are directed to choose 5 additional challenge words (can be more or  less) to learn from Additional Examples or Challenge Words or Personal Spelling  List. Select a Tuesday Night Activity for home study. Direct students to do practice quiz Thur. night with parent. Partner quiz on Friday. Store final results with any misspellings in folder.

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NEXT STEPS

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