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ABB Switchgear

BLG
Spring operating mechanism
for high voltage circuit-breakers.
Increased operational endurance. 10 000 operations
or 30 years of service with minimal inspection and
maintenance.
Modular design with fewer components, more
stringent quality demands and testing of each module
before final assembly.
Maintenance-free enclosure of painted aluminium.
The inside is insulated to reduce heating costs and to
lower the noise level.
Good accessibility through large doors.
Better overview since electrical components and
terminal blocks are collected together.
Simple electrical and mechanical installation,
resulting in shorter assembly times.
High level of accessories.
Spring operated mechanism BLG
The demands on the reliability of power transmission
are increasing continuously. Capacitor bank and
reactor switching is becoming more common and
imposes further requirements on operational
endurance.
International statistics show that 80% of all circuit-
breaker failures are due to defects of mechanical
nature. With this figure in mind, we have further
developed and improved our operating mechanism.
The design of the BLG is a well proven technology
(over 30 000 units in service). This proven technology
is efficiently combined with new materials. Smaller
tolerances and reduced power consumption based on
more exact calculation give the operating mechanism
optimal efficiency.
BLG is the answer to the demands of today and tomor-
row.
Features and advantages
Rear door open
1 Terminal blocks
2 Interlocking for
hand spring charging
Front door open
5 Operating panel
1
3
2
4
5
3 Control equipment
4 Auxiliary contacts
Design and properties
Interlocking against unintentional operation
Interlocking takes place partly electrically and partly
mechanically. Electrical interlocking is achieved by
having the circuits of the operation coils connected
through the auxiliary contacts of the device. In addition,
the closing coil is connected through a limit switch that
is controlled by the position of the spring bridge.
In this way the closing circuit is only closed when the
breaker is in the open position and the closing springs
are fully charged.
Due to the mechanical interlocking, which is dependent
both on the position on the operating link (= position of
the breaker), and partly on the position of the spring
bridge, closing is possible only if:
1) the breaker is in the open position
2) the closing springs are fully charged.
In this way the following operations are not possible
when in service:
closing operation when the breaker is already
closed, a blind stroke
closing operation during an opening operation
slow closing operation with the spring bridge
The various stages of operation are shown in the figures
on the next two pages.
The auxiliary equipment is characterized by the
following main features:
Most of the wiring is connected to terminal blocks
Strong, rugged auxiliary contacts and limit switches
The operation panel and terminal blocks are easily
accessible behind the doors of the unit
Indication of charged and discharged closing springs
The enclosure of the operating mechanism has the
following design:
Corrosion-resistant painted aluminium
Lockable doors, provided with door stops
Side and doors are insulated to reduce noise level
and the need for additional heating
BLG optional equipment
Manual trip push-button
- Inside or outside cubicle
- With or without 69 device
Additional auxiliary contacts
- 6 N.O. + 6 N.C.
Trip circuit supervision
Red spot fuses and / or links
UK 10 3-HESI fuses
Internal light with door switch
Socket outlet
Position indicating lights
Extra heater with MCB
- (-40)C C=140W
- (-50)C C=140W + 140W
- Moisture detector control
Provision for Castell / Fortress interlock
Extra closing coil
Low voltage relay
Signal lamp for heater
Lockable operating panel
Lockable operating switches
Protective cover for terminal blocks
The closing springs in the mechanism generate the
required driving force to close the breaker and charge
the opening spring.
The opening spring is part of the breakers link system.
This means that the mechanical energy needed for the
vital opening operation is always stored in the opening
spring when the breaker is in closed position. In other
words, a closed breaker is always prepared for immediate
opening.
The spring charging gear is driven by a universal motor
which automatically charges the closing springs
immediately after each closing operation. The springs
are kept in the charged state by a latch that is released
when the breaker is being closed. This enables rapid
reclosing of the breaker after a dead-time interval of 0.3 s.
The closing springs can be charged manually with a
crank.
The principle of the operating mechanism can be briefly
described as follows: A cam disc and a set of springs are
linked by an endless chain. The chain, which is in two
loops and runs over a motor-driven sprocket, transmits
energy when the springs are being charged and drives
the cam disc around when the circuit-breaker is to be
closed. During its rotation the cam disc actuates a link
that converts the rotating motion into a linear motion.
Operating process
When the breaker is being opened, the latch
(1) is released by the tripping coil. The
opening spring (A) pulls the breaker (B)
towards the open position. The operating
lever (2) moves to the right and finally rests
against the cam disc (3). The motion of the
contact system is damped towards the end
of the stroke by an oil-filled damping device
(4).
In its normal position, the breaker (B) is in
closed position, with closing springs (5) and
opening spring (A) charged. The breaker is
kept in the closed position by the opening
latch (1) which takes up the force from the
charged opening spring. The mechanism is
now ready to open upon an opening
command and can carry out a complete fast
re-closing (O 0.3 s CO) cycle.
A
B
1
5
Normal operational position
Breaker closed.
Closing springs charged.
Opening spring charged.
Operating mechanism ready
for O 0.3 s CO.
Normal operational position
A
B
1
2
3
4
Opening operation
The opening spring pulls the
breaker towards the open
position.
Closing springs charged.
Opening operation
When the breaker is being closed, the
closing latch (6) is released by the closing
coil. The sprocket (7) is locked to prevent
rotation where upon the operating energy in
the closing springs is transferred via section
(8) of the endless chain to the sprocket (11)
belonging to the cam disc (3). The cam disc
then pushes the operating lever (2) towards
the left where it is locked in its end position
by the tripping latch (1). The last part of the
rotation of the cam disc is damped by the
damping device (9) and a locking latch on
the sprocket (11) again takes up the initial
position against the closing latch (6).
The breaker has closed, the motor starts and
drives the sprocket (7). The sprocket (11)
belonging to the cam disc (3), has its catch
locked against the closing latch (6),
whereupon the sections of the chain (8)
raise the spring bridge (10). The closing
springs (5) are thereby charged and the
mechanism again takes up its normal
operating position.
B
A
6
11
3
7
8
10
5
Charging of closing
springs
Breaker closed.
Opening spring charged.
B
A
1
2
3
7
8
9
11
6
Closing operation
The closing springs take
care of the operation and
charge the opening spring
at the same time.
Closing operation
Charging of the closing springs
The principle function of the mechanisms electrical
components is shown in the elementary diagram to the
right.
The operating coil (Y3) can be activated electrically
through local or remote control. When the breaker is in
closed position, the closing circuit is interrupted by
auxiliary contact (BG).
The mechanism is provided with two independent trip
coils (Y1 and Y2). The mechanism can be operated
electrically through local or remote control. With the
breaker in the open position, the auxiliary contact (BG)
blocks all electrical impulses to the tripping coils (Y1
and Y2).
The contact on the density switch (BD) actuates the
auxiliary relays (K9, K10,) which block the operat-ing
impulse if the density of the SF
6
gas is too low. The
antipumping relay (K3) blocks any remaining closing
impulse after the breaker has completed a closing
operation.
The density of the SF
6
gas and condition of the
operating mechanism is monitored electrically, given
the following (remote) indications:
Topping of SF
6
gas is recommended (alarm level)
Density of the SF
6
gas is too low (blocking level)
Direct-on-line motor starter switched off
Indication of spring tension
The operating mechanism is provided with an anti-
condensation heater.
To ensure reliable operation at low temperatures the
mechanism is provided with a thermostat-controlled
heater unit (BT1, E2).
Closing circuit
Tripping circuits
Interlocks
Heater circuits
Electrical functions
CONTROL CIRCUITS,
remote control
The circuit diagram is based on a breaker in open position
and before being pressurised. The closing spring of the
operating mechanism is not charged, the operating
voltages are not connected and the selected switch (S4) is
in the open position.
Signal contact of density switch
Auxiliary contact
Thermostat
Limit switch
Heater
Direct-on-line motor, starter
Miniature circuit-breaker, heater
Anti-pumping
Interlocking relay, trip, close
Motor
Contactor
Switch, trip
Switch, close
Selector switch for local or remote operation
Operation coil for tripping latch
Operation coil for closing latch
Blocking contact
BD
BG
BT1
BW
E1, E2
F1
F2
K3
K9, K10
M
Q1
S1
S3
S4
Y1, Y2
Y3
Y7
+
S1
S4
K9
BW
BG
Y3
K3
BG
K3
K3
BD
1+
S1
S4
K9 K9
BG
Y1
1-
BD
K10
S4
K10
BG
Y2
2+
2-
L N
F2
BT1
E1
E2
F1
+
L
_
F1
M
BW
S4 S1 BD K9 K10
BW BG
-
BW
Y7 Y7
Q1 Q1
N
+
Signals Motor AC/DC Heater AC
Close Open 1 Open 2
ABB Switchgear AB
771 80 LUDVIKA
Tel. +46 240 78 20 00
Fax +46 240 78 36 50
E-mail: circuit.breaker@seswg.mail.abb.com
http://www.abb.se/swg
Publ SESWG/B 2504 en
Edition 3, 1998-12
Technical data
Motor
Universal motor for 110-125 or 220-250, AC or DC
Rated
voltage
(V)
220
110
Starting current
Peak value
approx. (A)
10-30 *)
20-45 *)
Normal current
at DC
approx. (A)
3-9
6-18
Heating element
Rated
voltage
(V, AC)
220 - 254
110 - 127
Power requirements
Continuously
connected
(W)
70
70
Thermo-
statically
controlled
(W)
2 x 140
2 x 140
Operating coils
Operating
coil
Closing coil
Tripping coil
Rated voltage
(V, DC)
110 - 125, 220 - 250
110 - 125, 220 - 250
Power consumption
approx. (W)
200
200
The working range for motor voltage and coils fulfils the requirements
of IEC 60056 and ANSI C37.
Testing
The spring operating mechanism has passed type tests
according to IEC 60056 and ANSI C37 successfully.
Mechanical life tests have been performed with 10 000
operations.
Before delivery each operating mechanism has to pass
routine tests conforming with current standards. For
each breaker a routine test report is issued showing the
actual test result.
PLEASE NOTE! ABB Switchgear is working to continuously improve the products.
Therefore we reserve the right to change design, dimensions and data without prior notice. P
r
o
d
.

S
E
S
W
G
/
B
F
S
/
M
A
,

5
0
0
0
,

9
8
-
1
2
Power
consumption
approx. (W)
1500
1500
Test voltage 1 min, 50 Hz
2,0 kV
2,0 kV
Auxiliary circuits
Motor
Degree of
protection
Terminal
blocks
Cable
connection
Earthing
clamp
Internal
cable
Operating
times
as per IEC 60527: IP 55
Supply motor and AC circuits,
isolatable 6 mm
2
block.
Signal circuits through 4 mm
2
block.
Size FL 33: 102 x 306 mm.
For conductors with max 13 mm diameter.
Motor circuits 2,5 mm
2
PVC-insulated cable.
Otherwise 1,5 mm
2
PVC-insulated cable.
Rated operating sequence:
O - 0.3s - CO - 3 min - CO (per IEC)
CO - 15s - CO (per ANSI)
Auxiliary contact
The operating mechanism in its standard design has 9 normally open
and 11 normally closed contacts available for customer connections.
Selection of (6+6) extra contacts is possible.
Rated
voltage
(V)
110
220
Rated
current
(A)
25
25
Making
current
(A)
20
10
Breaking current
DC
L/R = 40 ms
(A)
4
2
50 Hz
P.F. = 0,95
(A)
25
25
Spring charging time < 15 sec
*) Depending on current source
_