Augusta National

The Masters 2008

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The Mulligan+ Course Guide for Augusta National Golf Course - Augusta National Golf Club Type Country Region County Town Parkland Non UK Non UK Region Any Augusta, USA

Address 2604 Washington Rd Augusta, GA 30904 (706) 667-6000 Postcode GA 30904 Phone Email (706) 667-6000 -


Course Vitals Holes SSS 18 Yards 76 Par 7290 Slope 72 Par 1 4 4 7 146 72 - (Ladies & Juniors) 2 5 5 16 3 4 4 14 4 3 3 3 5 4 4 5 6 3 3 13 7 4 4 12 8 5 5 15 9 4 4 11 10 4 4 1 11 4 4 4 12 3 3 2 13 5 5 17 14 4 4 8 15 5 5 18 16 3 3 9 17 4 4 10 18 4 4 6

Playing Card Hole Par Par (Ld's & Juniors) Stroke Index Club Features Club House Practice Area Trolley Hire The Club

Club Hire Club Bar Changing Rooms

Putting Green Driving Range Buggy Hire

Pro Shop Restaurant Lessons

The Augusta National Golf Club is another highly reserved Golf Club, open to only members and their friends. Augusta National Golf Club, located in the American city of Augusta, Georgia, is one of the most famous and exclusive golf clubs in the world. Founded by Bobby Jones on the site of a former tree nursery, the club opened for play in January 1933. Since 1934 it has been host of the annual Masters Tournament, one of the four major championships in professional golf.

Augusta National is generally regarded as the most revered golf course on the PGA Tour. Since the Masters is held at the same venue every year, fans have the unique opportunity to become familiar with the course, something the other three rotating majors do not afford. The course is well known for its botanic beauty as well. Because the Masters is held the first weekend following the first full week in April, the flowers of the trees and shrubs bordering the course are in full bloom during the tournament. Each hole on the course is named after the tree or shrub with which it has become associated: Unlike almost every other private or public golf course in the United States, Augusta National has apparently never been rated. During the 1990 Masters Tournament, a team of USGA raters organized by Golf Digest evaluated the course and gave it an unofficial rating of 76.2 and a slope of 148.

Amen Corner
The 11th, 12th, and 13th holes at Augusta were termed "Amen Corner" by author Herbert Warren Wind in a 1958 Sports Illustrated article. Searching for a name for the location where critical action had taken place that year, he borrowed the name from an old jazz recording "Shouting at Amen Corner" by a band under the direction of Milton Mezzrow. [1] In 1958 Arnold Palmer outlasted Ken Venturi for the Green Jacket with heroic escapes at Amen Corner. Amen Corner also played host to prior Masters moments like Byron Nelson's birdie-eagle at 12 and 13 in 1937, and Sam Snead's water save at 12 in 1949 that sparked him to victory.

Criticisms of course changes
At one point, Augusta National could have been considered amongst the two or three most innovative designs in U.S. golf. The scarcity of bunkers and its width of fairways were in stark contrast to the penal features found on the most revered U.S. courses at that time. However, the many changes from several different architects — including adding bunkers, reducing the green contours, and adding trees and rough — have taken the course away from Bobby Jones' and MacKenzie's inspiration of St Andrews in Scotland. The greens at the Masters were traditionally Bermuda grass. In 1981, they were reconstructed with bent grass, resulting in a significantly faster surface, requiring a reduction in the contours of the greens.

External links
The Masters

Natural features “The Big Oak Tree” “The big oak tree” is on the golf course side of the clubhouse and is approximately 145150 years old. The tree was planted in the 1850s. Eisenhower Tree This is a loblolly pine located on the 7th hole, approximately 210 yards (192 m) from the Master’s tee. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, an Augusta National member, hit the tree so many times that, at a 1956 club meeting, he proposed that it be cut down. Not wanting to offend the President, the club’s chairman, Clifford Robrts, immediately adjourned the meeting rather than reject the request outright.

Architectural features Crow’s Nest Available for amateurs wishing to be housed there during the Masters Tournament, the Crow’s Nest provides living space for up to five individuals. Rising from the approximately 30 by 40 foot room is the clubhouse’s 11 foot square cupola. The cupola features windows on all sides and can be reached only by ladder. The Crow’s Nest consists of one room with partitions and dividers that create three cubicles with one bed each, and one cubicle with two beds. There is also a full bathroom with an additional sink. The sitting area has a game table, sofa and chairs, telephone and television. Placed throughout the Crow’s Nest are books on golf, and lining the walls are photos and sketches depicting past Masters and other golf scenes. To get to the Crow’s Nest, golfers must climb a narrow set of steps. When coming down, they must be careful to not turn left and enter the Champions Locker Room. This is a walk most amateur golfers dream of taking. Eisenhower Cabin

Ike’s Pond During a visit to Augusta National, then General Eisenhower returned from a walk through the woods on the eastern part of the grounds, and informed Clifford Roberts that he had found a perfect place to build a dam if the Club would like a fish pond. Ike’s Pond was built and named, and the dam is located just where Eisenhower said it should be. Rae’s Creek Rae’s Creek cuts across the southeastern corner of the Augusta National property. It flows along the back of the 11th green, in front of the 12th green, and ahead of the 13th tee. This is the lowest point in elevation of the course. The Hogan and Nelson Bridges cross the creek after the 12th and 13th tee boxes, respectively. The creek was named after former property owner John Rae, who died in 1789.

One of ten cabins on the Augusta National property, it was built by the club’s membership for member Dwight D. Eisenhower after his election as President of the United States. The cabin was built according to Secret Service security guidelines, and is adorned by an eagle located above the front porch.

Founders Circle A memorial located in front of the course’s clubhouse, at the end of Magnolia Lane. Plaques at Founders Circle honor Bobby Jones and Clifford Roberts. Hogan Bridge

contest winners, starting with Sam Snead’s win in 1960. Record Fountain The Record Fountain was built to commemorate the 25th anniversary of The Masters. Located left of the No. 17 tee, it displays course records and Masters Tournament champions. Sarazen Bridge A bridge over the pond on hole 15 that separates the fairway from the green. Made of stone, it was named for Gene Sarazen for a memorable double eagle in the 1935 Masters Tournament that propelled him to victory. - Chairman William Porter “Billy” Payne (2006 to present) - William “Hootie” Johnson (1998 to 2006) - Jack Stephens (1991 to 1998) - Hord Hardin (1980 to 1991) - William Lane (1976 to 1980) - Clifford Roberts (1934 to 1976) Membership Augusta National Golf Club has about 300 members at any given time. Fees are reported to range between $250,000 and $500,000. Membership is strictly by invitation; there is no application process. No woman has ever been a member of Augusta National, though women are able to play the course as guests of a member. The club’s lack of female membership received national attention in 2003 when Martha Burk, chairperson of the National Council of Women’s Organizations, publicly challenged the club’s stance. Pressure placed upon corporate sponsors of The Masters over the 2003 controversy led the Club to voluntarily broadcast the 2003 and 2004 tournaments without commercials.

A bridge over Rae’s Creek that connects the fairway of hole 12 to its green. It is constructed of stone and covered with artificial turf. The bridge was dedicated to Ben Hogan in 1958 to commemorate his 72-hole score of 274 strokes five years earlier, the course record at the time. Magnolia Lane The main driveway leading from Washington Road to the course’s clubhouse. The lane is flanked on either side by 61magnolia trees, each grown from seeds planted by the Berckman family in the 1850s. Magnolia Lane is 330 yards (300 m) long and was paved in 1947. Nelson Bridge A stonework bridge over Rae’s Creek that connects the teeing ground of hole 13 to its fairway. In 1958, it was dedicated to Byron Nelson to honor his performance in the 1937 Masters. Par Three Fountain The Par 3 Fountain is next to the No. 1 tee on the Par 3 course. The fountain has a list of Par 3

Members Bill Gates - co-founder and chairman of Microsoft Warren Buffett - businessman and member of Forbes 400 List Jack Welch - former CEO of General Electric The Green Jacket Every member of Augusta National receives a green sports coat with the club’s logo on the left breast. The idea of the Green Jacket came from club co-founder Clifford Roberts, who wanted patrons visiting during the tournament to be able to readily identify members.The winner of each year’s Masters Tournament becomes an honorary member, and thus receives a Green Jacket as well. The jacket is presented by the winner of the tournament from the previous year. The Green Jacket is worn only on club grounds. A tournament winner may wear his jacket offgrounds for the year following his win, but after that it hangs at the club. The caddies Augusta National remains one of the few golf clubs with a staff of caddies ready to assist members, guests and professionals. In the previous PGA Master’s Tournaments, staff caddies were assigned to professional players. Not until Jack Nicklaus insisted on having his personal caddy complete competition play

alongside him was the protocol changed. Although Augusta’s caddy staff continue to wear trademark white jumpsuits year-round, the garb is not a PGA mandate. And though the club remains without female members, female caddies are permitted. Nick Faldo, past Masters champion, used Fanny Sunesson as his regular caddy throughout the 1990s, including Augusta. During the pre-tournament Masters events in 2007, Golf Channel’s Kelly Tilghman was selected by Arnold Palmer to caddy alongside him. The LPGA has yet to accept invitation to hold competition play at Augusta National Golf Course. Little known facts The Augusta National Golf Club is closed during the months of June until October. Caddie day is held on the last day before the summer closing. Caddies are free to play as many rounds as they can complete before close. Two CBS announcers Jack Whitaker and Gary McCord have been banished from participation in the broadcast of The Masters for using terms unacceptable to the Club’s directors. Augusta National allowed CBS to bring Whitaker back several years after his banishment, but has

1 - Tree Olive Par 4 Par 4 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 455 Regular - 455 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 7

Championship - 455

Original Intent: "A drive that is long and straight ... will be in a favorable position for the second. It is difficult to obtain par figures from any other position." - Alister Mackenzie, from the first Masters program Significant Changes: - Fairway bunker adjusted, 2006 - Trees added to left side of fairway, 2006 - Tee moved back 15-20 yards, 2006 What To Expect: Players will get the message early that the course will be more difficult this year. It will take a blast of 327 yards to clear the fairway bunker, and the bunker itself was reworked to add a "finger" in the center. Bailing out on the left side is no longer an option with more trees planted in that area.

2 - Pink Dogwood Par 5 Par 5 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 575 Regular - 575 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 16

Championship - 575

Original Intent: "Although this is the longest hole on the course, a well-hit tee shot will take a good run down the fairway as it slopes over the hill. It was one of our guiding principles in building the Augusta National that even our par 5s should be reachable by two excellent shots." - Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 Significant Changes: - Fairway bunker shifted to right, 1999 - Tee moved back 20-25 yards, 1999 Did It Work? Nothing has changed. Big hitters can still reach this hole in two shots, and anyone who walks away without birdie feels as if he lost a shot to the field.

3 - Flowering Peach Par 4 Par 4 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 350 Regular - 350 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 14

Championship - 350

Original Intent: "The left hand side of the green is very narrow; whereas the right side is broad. It is easy for anyone to reach the wide portion of the green with their second shot but difficult to reach the narrow end where the pin will usually be placed." - Alister Mackenzie, from the first Masters program Significant Change: - Fairway bunker complex built in 1982 DID IT WORK?: The bunker rarely comes into play, although Jeff Maggert ran into trouble here in 2003. The shortest par-4 on the course tempts the big hitters to use a driver, but the devilish green is the key on this classic short hole. A well-placed approach is a must here to avoid a three-putt.

4 - Flowering Crabapple Par 3 Par 3 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 240 Regular - 240 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 3

Championship - 240

Original Intent: "The length of this hole can be varied a great deal, depending upon use of the back tee or the rear portion of the forward tee. From the back tee the shot is usually a strong iron or even a 4- or 3-wood." - Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 Significant Change: - Tee moved back 30-35 yards for 2006 What to Expect: Lots of gripes from players who will struggle to hit the ball high enough to hold the green. Already the third-hardest hole, historically, the change will force players to re-evaluate what clubs they will carry. More hybrids and 5-woods will be used on this hole.

5 - Magnolia Par 4 Par 4 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 455 Regular - 455 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 5

Championship - 455

Original Intent: "The proper line here is, as closely as possible, past the bunker on the left side of the fairway. It is not necessary to carry this bunker in order to direct the drive into a groove in the fairway on top of the hill. But it is a very comforting safety factor to have sufficient length for the carry should the shot be pulled slightly." Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 SIGNIFICANT CHANGES: - Fairway bunkers extended about 80 yards toward the green, 2003 - Tee moved back, 2003 DID IT WORK? Yes. Players rarely try to carry the bunkers anymore, so they are forced to play to the right, which means a longer shot to a difficult green.

6 - Juniper Par 3 Par 3 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 180 Regular - 180 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 13

Championship - 180

"With the ball stopping either short of this raised area (back plateau) or off to the left of it, it is an extremely difficult job to get the first putt close to the hole." - Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 Significant Change: - Pond filled in at front of green, 1959 DID IT WORK? The cosmetic change has had no real effect for tournament play. Putting the tee shot on the proper side of the green is crucial.

7 - Pampas Par 4 Par 4 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 450 Regular - 450 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 12

Championship - 450

Original Intent: "Length is certainly not at a premium here, but the narrow fairway seems to have an added impact because it suddenly confronts the player just when he has become accustomed to the broad expanses of the preceding holes. ... The second shot is normally a steep pitch, often with a wedge, and precise judgment of range is required." - Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 SIGNIFICANT CHANGES: - Tee moved back 35-40 yards, 2006 - Trees added to both sides of fairway, 2006 - Green rebuilt for possible rightrear pin position, 2006 What to Expect: This hole will elicit plenty of comments, too. The size of this green demands an approach from a short iron, but shorter hitters could face a very long second shot. With trees added on both sides, finding the fairway off the tee will be a must.

8 - Yellow Jasmine Par 5 Par 5 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 570 Regular - 570 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 15

Championship - 570

Original Intent: "(The green) is completely visible for the third shot and a player who is sufficiently long to get up in two will be able to define the position of the green owing to the size of the surrounding hillock." - Alister Mackenzie, from the first Masters program SIGNIFICANT CHANGES - Tee moved back 15-20 yards and shifted 10 yards to golfer's right, 2002 - Fairway bunker reshaped and nearly doubled in size, 2002 DID IT WORK? Like No. 2, this hole is still easily reached in two shots. The enlarged fairway bunker punishes wayward drives, but birdie is still expected here by the players.

9 - Carolina Cherry Par 4 Par 4 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 460 Regular - 460 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 11

Championship - 460

Original Intent: "Under normal playing conditions a long drive straight down the middle of the fairway will give the best result, since the ball will reach a reasonably flat area and provide an open shot for at least half the green. The hole opens up more and more as the drive is played to the right, but the distance becomes increasingly longer." Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 Significant Change: - Tee moved back 25-30 yards, 2002 DID IT WORK? This hole still plays true to what Jones envisioned. The approach, if not properly judged, will spin off the false front and leave the golfer with an awkward chip.

10 - Camelia Par 4 Par 4 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 495 Regular - 495 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 1

Championship - 495

Original Intent: "A tee shot played to the right which does not avail itself of the slope will add at least two club numbers to the length of the second shot, in addition to which the approach to the green must be made across the slopes, rather than directly into them. A good drive down the left side usually makes it possible to play the second with a medium iron, sometimes even less if the wind be behind." Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 SIGNIFICANT CHANGES: - Green relocated from fairway bottom to current location, 1937 - Tee moved back 5-10 yards and moved five yards to the golfer's left, 2002 DID IT WORK? Historically the most difficult hole on the course, the long par-4 requires two solid shots. Moving the green turned a relatively tame hole into a monster.

11 - White Dogwood Par 4 Par 4 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 505 Regular - 505 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 4

Championship - 505

Original Intent: "The second shot is usually played with a 3-iron or a stronger club, and a player must be bold indeed to go for the pin when it is in this location (left-hand side). ... a great many players play this hole safely to the right, relying on getting a long putt or chip dead for the par." - Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 SIGNIFICANT CHANGES: - Tee moved back 10-15 yards, 2006 - Trees added to right side of fairway, 2006 - Dogwoods added to wooded area on left, 2006 - Fairway shifted to left, 2006 What to Expect: The toughest hole in 2005 now becomes even harder. It is the first par-4 at Augusta National to measure more than 500 yards, and to reach the fairway will require a clout of 265 yards. Augusta's founders will get their wish because all but the longest hitters will come into this green with a long iron or wooden club.

12 - Golden Bell Par 3 Par 3 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 155 Regular - 155 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 2

Championship - 155

Original Intent: "Here the distance must be gauged very accurately, and the wind sweeping down along Rae's Creek is often deceptive to the player standing on the tee about to hit." - Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 Significant Change: - None DID IT WORK? No change was necessary for this hole. This is the most terrifying shot on the golf course when the winds are swirling. A short approach will find Rae's Creek or the bunker in front of the green; a long approach could find one of the two bunkers in the rear.

13 - Azalea Par 5 Par 5 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 510 Regular - 510 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 17

Championship - 510

Original Intent: "Whatever position may be reached with the tee shot, the second shot as well entails a momentous decision whether or not to try for the green. Several tournaments have been won or lost here, even though the decision may not have been obvious at the time." Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 Significant Change: - Tee moved back 20-25 yards, 2002 DID IT WORK? Moving the tee back made the challenge of reaching the green in two a tad more difficult. Although it is historically the next-to-easiest hole on the course, it is a classic risk-reward hole. Many Masters challengers have seen their chances of winning drown in the tributary of Rae's Creek that skirts the green.

14 - Chinese Fir Par 4 Par 4 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 440 Regular - 440 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 8

Championship - 440

Original Intent: "The putting surface along the front spills over the contours into the fairway. But an approach putt from this area is exceedingly difficult. A really good second shot leaving the ball close to the hole is most comforting here." - Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 Significant Change: - Tee moved back 30-35 yards, 2002 DID IT WORK? The challenge of this hole has always been to get the ball as close as possible to the pin. With the undulating green, it's no easy task, and some players are now having to hit longer clubs into this hole.

15 - Fire Thorn Par 5 Par 5 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 530 Regular - 530 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 18

Championship - 530

Original Intent: "It is not only an interesting three-shot hole, as one will be maneuvering for position from the tee shot onwards, but also a magnificent two-shot hole, as a skillful and courageous player will, aided by a large hillock to the right, be able to pull his second shot around to the green. A pond in front of the green provides the penalty for the long player who fails to make a perfect second shot." - Alister Mackenzie, from the first Masters program SIGNIFICANT CHANGES: - Tee moved back 25-30 yards, 2006 - Tee shifted about 20 yards to golfer's left, 2006 What to Expect: The easiest hole on the golf course figures to get a little tougher with the added length, but the big hitters should be able to use the slope on the right side of the fairway to their advantage. Expect this hole to still yield plenty of birdies and a few eagles.

16 - Red Bud Par 3 Par 3 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 170 Regular - 170 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 9

Championship - 170

Original Intent: "The tee shot to this hole will be played by the tournament players with a number 2-, 3- or 4-iron, depending upon the wind." - Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 Significant Change: - Stream in front of green transformed into a pond, 1947 DID IT WORK? The pond rarely comes into play, and players rarely use long irons on this hole. Tiger Woods hit 8-iron long in 2005 before his dramatic chip-in. Again, getting the tee shot on the same levcl with the hole is the most important task.

17 - Nandina Par 4 Par 4 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 440 Regular - 440 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 10

Championship - 440

Original Intent: "Depending upon the wind, a fine drive may leave a second shot requiring anything from a good 5-iron or easy 4 to a short pitch." - Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 Significant Change: - Tee moved back 10-15 yards, 2006 What to Expect: Jones' description could stand for this year as well. The long hitters will be able to clear or draw it around Ike's Tree, but others will struggle to hit it far enough to have a good look at the green.

18 - Holly Par 4 Par 4 - (Ladies & Juniors) Medal - 465 Regular - 465 C'ship Ladies - 0 Stroke Index Ladies & Juniors - 0 6

Championship - 465

Original Intent: "The front area of this green is nicely molded to receive a pitch and provide a good putt for a birdie when the hole is cut here. Yet a ball driven to the left side of the fairway safely away from the trees must be pitched quite closely over the guarding bunker." - Bobby Jones, in Sports Illustrated, April 6, 1959 SIGNIFICANT CHANGES: - Tee moved back 55-60 yards and moved to the golfer's right five yards, 2002 - Bunker complex adjusted, 2002. DID IT WORK? Yes. The closing hole is no longer a cream puff finish. Although big hitters can still reach it with a short iron, the tee shot is now one of the most demanding on the course and bailing out left is not an option.

Scorecard Holes SSS 18 Yards 76 Par 7290 Slope 72 Par 146 72 - (Ladies & Juniors) 1 7 2 16 3 14 4 3 5 5 6 13 7 12 8 15 9 11 OUT HCP NET

Playing Card - OUT Stroke Index

Hole Par Par (Ld's/Jn'rs)

4 4

5 5

4 4

3 3

4 4

3 3

4 4

5 5

4 4

36 36

36 36

Playing Card - IN Stroke Index

10 1

11 4

12 2

13 17

14 8

15 18

16 9

17 10

18 6




Hole Par Par (Ld's/Jn'rs)

4 4

4 4

3 3

5 5

4 4

5 5

3 3

4 4

4 4

36 36

72 72

Tees Played Championship Medal Regular C'ship Ladies Ladies & Juniors

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