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Antenna Electronic

Communication Systems
FCRG-6 Series Repeater


File Doc. No. Date Ver. Page


F
F
C
C
R
R
G
G

6
6
GSM 900/ 1800 MHz Frequency Converter Repeater
( Dual Channel )

I IN NS ST TA AL LL LA AT TI IO ON N A AN ND D O OP PE ER RA AT TI IO ON N M MA AN NU UA AL L

5700 9002 920 / 5700 9102 920 VERSION 2.0 26th December 2003







Proprietary Information
The information contained herein is proprietary to Shyam Telecom Limited. Use
or disclosure of this document or the information contained herein, for any purpose
other than that for which it was furnished is not permitted or it shall not be disclosed
or divulged to any third Party without the prior written consent of Shyam Telecom
Limited.
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Mktg. Office:
SHYAM Telecom Ltd.
C-138, Naraina Industrial Area, Phase-I, New Delhi-110028 (INDIA)
Tel: 91 11 2579 8544 Fax: 91 11 2579 0726 Email: repeater@shyamtelecom.com


Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems

Contents

Abbreviations........................................................................................................ 5
PREAMBLE .......................................................................................................... 7
About the manual.................................................................................................. 7
Important Safety Information................................................................................. 8

SECTION 1..............................................................................................................9
1.0 Introduction.............................................................................................. 9
1.1 Intended purpose..................................................................................... 9
1.2 About FCRG-6......................................................................................... 9
1.3 Contents of delivery: ................................................................................ 9
1.4 Functional description............................................................................ 10
a. DONOR ANTENNA................................................................................ 11
b. DUPLEXER (DOWN-LINK).................................................................... 11
c. LOW NOISE AMPLIFER: LNA............................................................... 12
d. CONVERTER MODULE ........................................................................ 12
e. POWER AMPLIFIER.............................................................................. 13
f. DUPLEXER (UP-LINK) .......................................................................... 13
g. SERVER ANTENNA.............................................................................. 13
h. POWER SUPPLY .................................................................................. 14
1.4.1 Mother Board......................................................................................... 14
1.4.2 Gain setting............................................................................................ 15
1.4.2.1 Forward Gain Setting (Downlink Path).................................................. 15
1.4.2.2 Reverse Gain Setting............................................................................ 18
1.4.3 ALC....................................................................................................... 18
1.4.4 Controller module (Supervisory) ........................................................... 18
1.4.5 RSSI module......................................................................................... 19
1.4.6 Output power measurement.................................................................. 19
1.4.7 Internal Backup Battery (required for GSM module only)...................... 19
1.5 Electrical specification........................................................................... 20
1.5.1 Electrical Data....................................................................................... 20
1.5.2 External electrical interfaces ................................................................. 21
1.5.2.1 Electrical power..................................................................................... 21
1.5.2.2 RF connections..................................................................................... 21
1.6 Environment and safety........................................................................ 22
1.7 Dimensions and weight......................................................................... 22

SECTION 2............................................................................................................23
2.0 Installation.............................................................................................. 23
2.1 Pre-installation Considerations .............................................................. 23
2.2 Installation Tools.................................................................................... 24
2.3 Installation Procedure............................................................................ 24
2.3.1 Mechanical installation........................................................................... 24
2.3.2 Electrical installation .............................................................................. 26
2.3.2.1 Grounding.............................................................................................. 26
2.3.2.2 Power connection .................................................................................. 26
2.3.2.3 Connection of the antenna cables.......................................................... 27
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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems

SECTION 3............................................................................................................28
3.0 Setting to work....................................................................................... 28
3.1 Preparation............................................................................................ 28
3.2 Local Internal Mode (Manual setting)..................................................... 28
3.3 Repeater setting using RS-232 serial interface...................................... 29
3.3.1 Local Control via RS232 interface cable................................................ 32
3.3.2 Remote control via GSM modem........................................................... 33
3.3.3 Configuring Repeater Parameters ......................................................... 37
3.3.3.1 LINK BUDGET CALCULATOR.............................................................. 37
3.3.3.2 REPEATER PARAMETERS.................................................................. 40
3.3.4 Monitoring Repeater Alarms & Status.................................................... 43
3.3.5 Changing Log On Password.................................................................. 46
3.3.6 Installing Shyam Repeater Configuration & Monitoring Console............ 47

SECTION 4............................................................................................................50
4.0 Trouble shooting..................................................................................... 50

SECTION 5............................................................................................................52
5.0 Maintenance ........................................................................................... 52
5.1 General ................................................................................................... 52
5.2 Replacement of the fuses ....................................................................... 52
5.3 Replacement of the mains cable............................................................. 52
5.4 Replacement of the controller battery back up........................................ 53
5.5 Modem Module (optional) ....................................................................... 53
5.6 Power Supply.......................................................................................... 53
5.7 Module list.............................................................................................. 54
5.7.1 MASTER UNIT........................................................................................ 54
5.7.2 REMOTE UNIT ....................................................................................... 55
5.8 Configuration List.................................................................................... 56

SECTION 6............................................................................................................57
6.0 Channel / Frequency table...................................................................... 57
6.1 900 Mhz GSM......................................................................................... 58
6.2 1800 Mhz GSM....................................................................................... 59












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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
Figure Index

Figure 1.4-1: Block diagram of FCRG6 (Remote) - 900 / 1800 system............. 10
Figure 1.4-2: Block diagram of FCRG6 (Master) - 900 / 1800 system.............. 10
Figure 1.4-3 : Donor Antenna ............................................................................ 11
Figure 1.4-4 : Duplexer...................................................................................... 11
Figure 1.4-5 : Low Noise Amplifier..................................................................... 12
Figure 1.4-6 : Converter Module........................................................................ 12
Figure 1.4-7 : Power Amplifier ........................................................................... 13
Figure 1.4-8 : Server Antenna............................................................................ 13
Figure 1.4-9 : Power Supply.............................................................................. 14
Figure 1.4.1-1 : Mother Board............................................................................ 14
Figure 1.4.2.1-1 : Display panel ......................................................................... 15
Figure 1.4.4-1 : Monitoring and controller module............................................. 18
Figure 1.5.2.2-1 : Bottom Connector panel layout.............................................. 21
Figure 2.0-1 : Repeater system description....................................................... 23
Figure 2.3.1-1 : FCRG 6 repeater installation drawing....................................... 25
Figure 2.3.2.1-1 : Grounding kit........................................................................ 26
Figure 3.3.2-1 : SIM card mounting................................................................... 34
Figure 5.5-1 : Modem Module............................................................................ 53

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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems

Abbreviations

Abbreviations, which can be found in this manual, in the software, and in the
repeater.
1. AGC Automatic Gain Control
2. ALC Automatic Level Control
3. ALI Alarm Interface Board
4. APC Automatic Power Control
5. BCCH Broadcast Control Channel (GSM broadcast channel time
slot)
6. BS Base Station,
7. BCM Band Converter Module for uplink or downlink band (band
selective)
8. BSEL Band Selective
9. CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
10. CCM Channel Converter Module for uplink or downlink channel
(channel selective)
11. CGI Cell Global Identity number (Cell Identity Number of the
serving cell
12. CMB Combiner Unit
13. CSEL Channel Selective
14. CM Controller Module
15. CW Continuous Wave
16. DC Directional Coupler
17. DCS Digital Communication System (same as PCN)
18. DIA Distribution board
19. DL Downlink signal direction (from base station via repeater to
mobile station)
20. DPX Duplex filter
21. EEPROM Electrical Erasable Programmable Read only Memory
22. EGSM Extended Global System for Mobile communication
23. ETSI European Telecommunications Standard Institute
24. GSM Global System for Mobile communication
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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
25. HW Hardware
26. LAC Location Area Code of the BTS site
27. LED Light Emitting Diode
28. LNA Low Noise Amplifier, unlink and downlink
29. LO Local Oscillator
30. MCC Mobile Country code of the network
31. MNC Mobile Network Code of the operator
32. MS Mobile Station
33. MSC Mobile Switching Center
34. NMS Network Management System
35. NMT Nordic Mobile Telephone system
36. FWD PA Power Amplifier Module for downlink
37. REV PA Power Amplifier Module for Uplink
38. PCN Personal Communication Network (same as DCS)
39. PCS Personal Communication System
40. PSU Power Supply Unit
41. PTEE Poly tetra fluro Ethylene (Teflon)
42. RCU Remote Control Unit
43. RF Radio Frequency
44. RMS Repeaters Management system
45. RSSI Received Signal Strength Indication
46. RTC Real Time Clock
47. SW Software
48. TA Timing Advance
49. TACS Total Access Communication System
50. TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
51. TS Time Slot
52. UL Uplink signal direction (from mobile station via repeater to
base station)
53. RCMC Repeater Configuration & Monitoring Console

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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
PREAMBLE

In cellular systems repeaters are used, to enhance the coverage of a base station
in a region where, due to topological conditions, poor field strengths disable
communication. SHYAM is a leading manufacturer of repeaters. These repeaters
provide excellent electrical characteristics, are lightweight and easy to install.

Any intervention has to be performed by authorized persons only. If you need
technical assistance, please contact at the following address:

SHYAM Telecom Ltd.
C-138, Naraina Industrial Area, Phase-I, New Delhi-110028 (INDIA)
Tel: 91 11 2579 8544 Fax: 91 11 2579 0726 Email:
repeater@shyamtelecom.com

Under consideration of all references given in this manual, the repeater should be
taken into service without any complications and should operate trouble free for a
long time.

However we have country wide after sales support network to assist you if
required.

Please visit to our web site www.shyamtelecom.com for our country wide after
sales support offices.


About the manual

The Installation and Operation manual is intended to be used for SHYAM
FCRG-6 repeater installation. It contains the general guidelines for the field
engineers / technicians. Read carefully before starting the FCRG-6 repeater
installation.


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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
Important Safety Information

The FCRG-6 repeater has been designed for maximum safety when installed and
operated according to the instructions in this manual. Refer to all safety
instructions as per the antenna installation instruction sheets.

Do not bypass any of the safety features with the equipment provided, nor
operate the system in an inappropriate environment.


WARNING! Installation of antennas near power lines is dangerous. For your
safety, follow all installation directions and keep safe distance from any
high voltage power lines that could result in shock or loss of life.


WARNING! Handle the FCRG-6 with care. Mechanical shock due to drop or
mishandling can permanently damage sensitive RF components.

Additional wiring required to install the FCRG-6 system should comply with
national or local governing Electrical Codes. Indoor and outdoor RF coaxial cable
installations should comply with local Electrical Code requirements. The FCRG-6
repeater should only be installed in restricted access areas.

Do discharge the static before you touch the connectors of the repeater.
Do not open the module inside the repeater unless you are authorized.
The power supply unit in the FCRG-6 repeater is supplied from the mains
(primary AC power) that contains dangerous voltage level which will cause
electric shock, Please turn off the mains before you install / uninstall the repeater.
The primary AC power should be in the range of AC90-240V, 50/60Hz. Repeater
will be damaged if the primary AC power is out of the range.

The RF electric performance of the FCRG-6 GSM / DCS repeater conforms
to ETSI requirement of the inter modulation and spurious emission. It
avoids the interference problem.


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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems

SECTION 1

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Intended purpose

Mobile phone systems are planned as cellular systems. Each cell of the base
station has to cover a certain geographical area with the signal within defined
power levels. Due to the physics of radio propagation, even using high radiated
powers or complicated antenna systems, there are zones within the coverage
area, where the signal coverage cannot be achieved by the base station.

Repeaters traditionally have been used to fill in dead Zones areas with no
coverage due to blockage by terrain, foliage, man-made structures or distance
from the base station. The user views repeaters as a means to extend base
station coverage, so as to reduce the number of required base stations and,
thereby, accelerate network coverage availability.

1.2 About FCRG-6

Repeater type FCRG-6 is a Channel Selective amplifier, which bi-directionally
amplifies signals between mobile stations and a base station in the GSM
900/1800 mobile telephone system. It provides highly selective amplification of
channel, (one operator) thus enabling radio coverage in regions where
satisfactory Cellular coverage is required.

The repeater can be controlled locally or remotely. The design of the repeater
comprises a large number of functions, which the operator may monitor via
SHYAM RMS application software. An easy to understand and learn windows
based GUI supports the customer to query status reports from the repeater or to
change settings.

1.3 Contents of delivery:

ITEMS QUANTITY
Repeater FCRG-6 1
PC interface cable (RS 232) 1
Power cable 3 pin 3 meter long 1
Battery cable 2 Pin 3 meter long 1
Door key 1
Operation & Installation manual 1
Set of test results 1
CD containing the RCMC application software 1
Mounting Clamp with Nut-bolts 1
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Antenna Electronic
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1.4 Functional description


Figure 1.4-1: Block diagram of FCRG6 (Remote) - 900 / 1800 system



Server
Antenna
LNA
Converter Converter PA
Combiner
Converter Converter
PA
Combiner
PA
PA
Converter Converter
Converter Converter
Duplexer
Duplexer
SUPERVISORY
Donor
Antenna
Server
Antenna
DOWN LINK
UP LINK
LNA
Duplexer
LNA
Converter Converter PA
Combiner
Converter Converter
PA
Combiner
Converter Converter
Converter Converter
Duplexer
SUPERVISORY
Coupler
DOWN LINK
UP LINK
FROM
BTS
LNA
Figure 1.4-2: Block diagram of FCRG6 (Master) - 900 / 1800 system


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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems

a. DONOR ANTENNA

Donor antenna is used to receive signal from the base station and switch
electromagnetic wave into RF signal and vice versa. The antenna with more than
10-14dB gain sends received signal to the repeater and transmits uplink signals
amplified by the repeater.


File Doc. No. Date Ver. Page














Figure 1.4-3 : Donor Antenna


b. DUPLEXER (DOWN-LINK)

The main function of duplexer is to isolate the uplink frequency from the downlink
frequency, i.e. isolate transmit path from receive path. The bandwidth of the
duplex filter depends upon the operators frequency band (25MHz, 15MHz,
10MHz, 9MHz, etc.).


LNA connector
PA connector
BTS connector

Figure 1.4-4 : Duplexer



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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
c. LOW NOISE AMPLIFER: LNA

LNA amplifies the received signal from Duplexer & feeds it to the converter
module. Up link & Down link LNA modules are shown on the left and right side
wall of repeater.
File Doc. No. Date Ver. Page

Motherboard
connector
Converter-1
connector
Duplexer
Connector
Converter-2
connector
Figure 1.4-5 : Low Noise Amplifier

d. CONVERTER MODULE

The basic block of converter module composed of L.O. frequency mixer, filter and
intermediate amplifier. When the low noise amplified signal gets into the
conversion module, it mixes frequency with the local oscillation signal to generate
IF in which it passes through channel selective filters and achieve frequency
selection. The L.O. frequency can be changed for the selection of different
channels.
PA input
connector
LNA output
connector Motherboard
connector

Figure 1.4-6 : Converter Module

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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
e. POWER AMPLIFIER

It is the core module of repeater. It includes driver stage and final stage. It is
installed directly on the heat sink of the repeater. Driver stage and final stage of
power amplifier are in the same unit.
Converter
connector
Power supply
connector
Motherboard
connector
Duplexer
connector

Figure 1.4-7 : Power Amplifier

f. DUPLEXER (UP-LINK)

The main function of duplexer is to isolate the uplink frequency from the downlink
frequency, i.e. isolate transmit path from receive path. The bandwidth of the
duplex filter depends upon the operators frequency band (25MHz, 15MHz,
10MHz, 9MHz, etc.).

g. SERVER ANTENNA

Server antenna sends the signal from the repeater station to the mobile user and
transport received uplink signals from the mobile user to the base station. Based
on the coverage area, select panel antenna having 60, 65, 90 or 120 vertical
polarizations with N type connecter.

Figure 1.4-8 : Server Antenna

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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
h. POWER SUPPLY

The 350 Watt power supply is of high efficiency and high reliability. The standard
input voltage is 90 to 240 VAC, 50Hz. When the power supply varies in the
range of 90 to 240VAC and the frequency in 47 to 60Hz, its output DC voltage
change rate is 1 %.

This Power supply also charges an external 24 Volts maintenance-free battery of
up to 40-Ampere hours. This 24 Volt Battery supplies the repeater with DC power
during the power break down & can support the 10-Watt repeater for 4 Hours.

Battery ON/OFF
switch




+27 V
connector
Alarm connector
+12 V connector
+7 V connector

Green LED for AC OK
Red LED for +27V
Yellow LED for +7V
Yellow LED for +12V
Figure 1.4-9 : Power Supply

1.4.1 Motherboard

It contains integrating slots (connectors) for up-link converter, down-link
converter, supervisory card, GSM modem card, up-link LNA, down-link LNA, up-
link PA, down-link PA, VFD module.
TCXO
connector
Supervisory
connector
Modem
connector
PA DL-1
PA DL-2
Main Power Supply
RF Modem
Battery conn.
PA UL-1
RS-232
PA UL-2
Figure 1.4.1-1 : Mother Board

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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
1.4.2 Gain setting

It is the Repeater gain that will dictate how far your repeater can extend the
coverage and whether or not the noise contribution will have a measurable effect
at the base station. The most important task involved in a repeater installation is
to set the repeater gain properly.

Introducing attenuation into the amplifier chain will adjust the repeater gain. By
using GUI based local RS 232 serial interface, the gain can be adjusted locally
from 0dB to 31 dB maximum in steps of 1 dB. Moreover, two more methods are
also used to set the gain of repeater i.e. by using keypad & display (Optional) or
GUI based remote GSM modem (Optional). The gain setting for Uplink and
Downlink path is independent of each other.

For example, if repeater has a maximum gain of 90 dB and the required repeater
gain is of 60 dB, then the attenuation is to be set at 30 dB,

Note:- Repeater gain should be at least 15 dB less than the antenna
isolation.

1.4.2.1 Forward Gain Setting (Downlink Path)

Signal transmitted by BTS is called Downlink/Forward signal and the signal
transmitted by mobile phone is called Uplink/Reverse signal.

Setting the forward gain is very simple method. Forward signal level can be
measured using NET engineering software in any NOKIA handset e.g. NOKIA
6210 or any other engineering mobile handset. Please refer How to use NET
Engineering Software manual to use NET engineering software.

Alternatively, RF output power of repeater can be measured using the GUI based
local RS 232 serial interface or visual indication shown on the display panel of the
repeater (optional) or GUI based remote GSM modem (Optional).
CH1 CH2

Figure 1.4.2.1-1 : Display panel

Once the RF output power has been determined, the attenuation will have to be
modified to reach the desired output signal level.
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Let us take an example of a suburb area, which is 15-20km away from the base
station site and the mobile signal level is almost negligible on the road to set up a
mobile call. At the outset, identify the physical location in an area where the
received mobile signal level is optimum and follow the steps as enumerated
below.

Step: 1 Measure the mobile signal level, using NOKIA 6210 handset and the
SIM card of the cellular operator, on the road where the mobile signal
level is optimum and mark this location as point A.

Window
Number
Time slot of
the signaling
channel
Signal level
indication
Time advance
value during
conversation
Channel
Number
Signal strength
level in dBm
Handset
battery level
indication
C1 c ell
selection
criterion
C2 cell sel ection
criterion
parameter of
serving cell
Menu
NOKIA
Names
01
Hutch
10:33
52 - xxx
0 1 x
36 36
CBCH
Menu
NOKIA
Names
01
Oasi s
10:33
62
-95
xxx
0
2
x
3 3
CBCH
Window
Number
Time slot of
the signaling
channel
Signal level
indication
Time advance
value during
conversation
Channel
Number
Signal strength
level in dBm
Handset
battery level
indication
C1 c ell
selection
criterion
C2 cell sel ection
criterion
parameter of
serving cell
Menu
NOKIA
Names
01
Hutch
10:33
52 - xxx
0 1 x
36 36
CBCH
Menu
NOKIA
Names
01
Oasi s
10:33
62
-95
xxx
0
2
x
3 3
CBCH
Point: A
Received signal
level on the
road

Step: 2 Measure the mobile signal level on the top of the building e.g. (25 mtr
above the ground level) so as to receive the maximum signal from the
base station.

Window
Number

Time slot of

the signaling

channel

Signal level

indication

Channel


Number


Signal strength
level in dBm

Handset
battery level
indication

C1 c

ell

selection
criterion
C2 cell sel ection
criterion
parameter of

serving cell

Menu

NOKIA
Names

01

Hut ch

10: 33

52


-

xxx

0


1

x

36

36

CBCH

Menu

NOKIA
Names

01

Oasi s

10: 33

62

-70
xxx

0


2

x

16

16

CBCH

Received
Signal level
(On the top of
the building)

Step: 3 Based on the path calculation as mentioned below in table A, mobile
phones will receive a 63dBm signal level (approximately) if the gain of
repeater is set to 90 dB. We may also change the repeater gain but at

Window

Number

Time slot of

the signaling

channel


Signal level

indication


Time advance

value during

conversation

Channel

Number

Signal s

trength

level in dBm

Handset

battery level

indication

C1 c

ell

selection

criterion
C2 cell sel ection

criterion

parameter of

serving cell

Menu

NOKIA
Names

01

Hut ch

10:33

52

-

xxx

0

1

x

36

36

CBCH

Menu

NOKIA
Names

01

Oasi s

10:33

62
-63
xxx

0
2
x

31

31

CBCH

Received
signal level
after the
repeater
installation
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Communication Systems
the same time we should also consider the antenna isolation parameter,
which primarily depends on the vertical distance between the donor and
server antenna. (Please refer to antenna isolation data sheet and
repeater gain vis-a-vis vertical separation between donor antenna and
server antenna for setting the repeater gain.) Please ensure the
repeater gain should be at least 10db lower than the antenna isolation.

The gain of repeater can be set using any of the following methods:

a. Local manual mode (using built in key pad and display)
b. Local RS 232 serial interface mode (GUI based)
c. Remote via GSM modem, optional
Please refer to section 3 for further information.

Step: 4 Now, let us again measure the mobile signal level at the same locations
where we had measured the signal level before the repeater installation
i.e. at point A.
Table A: Signal level calculation
S. No.Items Gain Loss
Signal strength value :in dBm
Down link
1 BTS outpout power at port - in dBm( 20 W) 43 43.0
2 RF Cable Loss: BTS port to antenna port,dB 3 40.0
3 Connectors Loss: BTS port to antenna port,dB 1 39.0
4 Antenna Gain, dBi 15 54.0
5 Effective isotropic radiated power of BTS ,dBm 58 4 54.0
6 Free space loss, dB 115.97 -62.0
7 Other RF propagation loss,dB 8 -70.0
8
Signal strength level on the top of the building
( 25 mtr above the ground )
-70.0
9 Donor Yagi antenna Gain, dBi 12 -58.0
10
10 mtr. 1/4 " RF Cable & Connector Loss: Donor antenna port to
repeater,dB 1 -59.0
11 Repeater Gain, dB 90 31.0
12 Output power of Repeater ,dBm 31.0
13
10 mtr. 1/4 " RF Cable & Connector Loss: Repeater to server patch
antenna ,dB 1 30.0
14 Dual Band Patch antenna Gain, dBi 6 36.0
15 Effective isotropic radiated power of repeater ,dBm 36.0
16 Free space loss of 2 KM , dB 98.466 -62.4
17 MS body loss, dB 1 -63.4
18 MS antenna gain, dB 0 -63.4
19
Signal strength level outside the building, dBm
-63.4
DOWN LINK SIGNAL STRENGTH LEVEL CALCULATION FOR OUTDOOR REPEATER PLANNING
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Please note that the received signal may vary from 75 dbm to some other value
as it is highly dependant on the physical location of the area to be covered.

1.4.2.2 Reverse Gain Setting

In Repeater coverage area, the mobile phones will have strong signals therefore
the reverse path gain must be optimized. The gain should be low enough so as
not to cause an enormous increase in interferences at the base station, but high
enough to ensure a strong signal.

1.4.3 ALC

In order to protect the amplifiers from overload and to prevent the systems to
generate spurious emission, the repeater has an Automatic Level Control (ALC),
designed to limit the output power to a defined level. In order to avoid oscillation,
the control amplifier has an integrating characteristic, so that a step function
response obtains a delayed rise and decay.

1.4.4 Controller module (Supervisory)

The controller module is a microcontroller. The man-machine communication
between the cellular operator and the repeater can be done via the control
module by using any one of the following methods:

Local Display & Key pad.
RS 232 interface
GSM modem (Optional)

By using the GSM modem, the repeater can be controlled and monitored
remotely.

Frequency and gain of channels, output power and status messages can be
received remotely. In case the GSM modem is connected, automatic alarm
messages can be received at remote locations.
Programming
connector
Power
supply LED
Display panel
connector
Motherboard
connector

Figure 1.4.4-1 : Monitoring and controller module
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All the FCRG-6 configuration parameters are stored:

i. Serial Number of the repeater
ii. Repeater Site Address
iii. Channel number
iv. Frequency details, Uplink and Downlink
v. Attenuation for repeater gain setting
vi. Output power limit
vii. Power amplifier (PA) ON/OFF function

1.4.5 RSSI module

For the input RF signal level measurement a RSSI module is integrated. Input
RF level is measured and displayed on display panel or on the PC / Laptop
through RS232 serial interfaces using the SHYAM repeater configuration &
monitoring software.

1.4.6 Output power measurement

The output power (in dBm) can be measured at the output of the uplink and
downlink path for each channel. The range varies up to 43 dBm.

1.4.7 Internal Backup Battery (required for GSM module only)

A battery backup is provided for the control module to transmit alarm information
in case of total power failure. The battery type is a NiCd DECT battery. The
battery backup is sufficient enough to support GSM modem in case of system
engaged or other communication problems for at least 30 minutes under normal
environmental conditions.

Note:- This backup battery module is provided for the controller module
of GSM modem only.

The batteries are protected from deep discharge by use of a low voltage
disconnect unit. A local switch is provided to disconnect the battery backup
system during maintenance to ensure that all circuits are voltage-free. The switch
is located on the controller module.

Switch ON (default) OFF
Backup battery active Battery backup not active



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1.5 Electrical specification

1.5.1 Electrical Data

1 Frequency range of the uplink

890-915 MHz 1710 1785MHz
Frequency range of the downlink

935-960 MHz 1805 1885MHz
2 Number of RF Channels Two

3 Channel selection Manually or remotely controlled

4 Down link output power
maximum

Up link output power maximum

+40 dBm (optional +43 dBm)


+37 dBm
5 Spurious due to inter modulation -36 dBm as per ETSI

6 ALC reaction time typ between 100 sec and 3 msec (typ)

7 Gain 110 dB min

8 Gain variation over temperature +1.5 dB over normal temperature range

9 Gain adjustment range 31dB in steps of 1 dB

10 Total delay in the signal path <6 us, 5.5 us typ.

11 Noise figure 5 dB maximum

12 Return loss 16 dB

13 Power supply 90 - 240 Vac / 50 .. 60 Hz

14 Remote control interface GSM Modem

15 Environmental and safety See environmental and safety
specifications leaflet for SHYAM indoor /
outdoor cell enhancers

16 Built in test equipment Current monitors, battery charge level,
synthesizer lock monitor, temperature
monitor, active ALC, door alarm.

17 Alarm forwarding Potential free relay contact and
automatic alarm call via RS232, wireless
Modem & built in display.


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18 Control functions Gain, channel frequency, ALC
threshold, power down RF stages,
monitoring of settings on request.

19 Remote control To remotely control RF repeaters
different interfaces are available :
RS232 for local or wireless modem.

20 Options External battery backup is available for
40 AH battery

1.5.2 External electrical interfaces

1.5.2.1 Electrical power

The FCRG-6 Repeater is equipped with a removable power cable, which is
connected into the bottom of repeater through a waterproof connector. Inside the
Repeater, mains are connected to a connector on the power supply board.

1.5.2.2 RF connections

There are two N type female antenna connectors at the bottom side of the
housing.

The N type female downlink (to / from Mobile) connector should be connected to
the antenna system for the communication with the mobile units. It is labeled as
the downlink (to / from Mobile).

The N type female uplink ( to / from BTS ) connector should be connected to the
antenna system for the communication with the Base Station. It is labeled as the
uplink (to / from BTS ).
Mobile
connector
Power supply
connector
Power
indicator
Alarm RS-232
connector
BTS
connector

Figure 1.5.2.2-1 : Bottom Connector panel layout

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1.6 Environment and safety

For detailed information refer to the environmental and safety specification leaflet
for SHYAM FCRG-6 repeater.

For stationary use at non-weather protected locations.

Operating temperature : -10 to +55
0
C
Humidity : +30
0
C / 93 %


1.7 Dimensions and weight

Max. Height x Width x Depth : 800 x 425 x 225 mm

Weight: approximately 25 kg per unit



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SECTION 2

2.0 Installation



Figure 2.0-1 : Repeater system description



The repeater system FCRG-6 consists of two units. One is called Master Unit and
is located close to the BTS. Other unit called Remote Unit is located close to the
area to be covered. Master unit is used to convert required GSM channels to a
new frequency in the allocated RF band of the operator. The converted channels
are used as a radio link connection to the Remote Unit. The Remote Unit
reconverts the GSM channels and transmits to the coverage area.

2.1 Pre-installation Considerations

Once the expected coverage area is determined and a site installation plan is
established (as per the site survey format), a pre-installation checklist should
be considered and reviewed for the following items:

1. Identify the service providers base station location and measure the
available signal strength at the exterior of the installation location.

2. Identify the installation location for the donor antenna, and review the
antenna manufacturers installation procedures for additional
considerations. Ensure that the donor antenna has a direct line-of-site to
the service providers base station. If the line-of-site is obstructed,
determine the azimuth position by using a magnetic compass for
approximate alignment of donor antenna with base station antenna.



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FCRG-6 installation site location criterion

i. Accessibility to available electric power point.
ii. Flat, structural mounting surface.
iii. Providing a short, low loss RF cable connection to the antennas.
iv. Maintaining RF isolation between antennas at least 80 dB more than the
repeater gain setting
v. Accommodation for the server antenna providing line-of-site coverage to
as much of the coverage area as possible.

2.2 Installation Tools

You will need the following basic tools for installation:
i. Standard wrenches/screwdrivers/cable stripper/cable cutter/pliers set for
installing the FCRG-6 Unit and antennas. (Refer to the manufacturers
recommendations for installing the antennas).
ii. RF coaxial cable connection tools for installing connectors.
iii. Soldering iron and solder.
iv. Multi-meter.
v. Mobile handset loaded (e.g. Nokia 6210) with Net engineering software to
be used for signal level measurement.
vi. Magnetic compass for measuring the azimuth of the BTS and repeater
site.


2.3 Installation Procedure

2.3.1 Mechanical installation

The FCRG-6 repeater shall be mounted vertically to a mast, which means the RF
connectors will be at the bottom side.

In case of wall mounting, between the repeater housing & the wall a minimum
distance of 50 mm must be kept in order to provide air circulation.

The repeater shall be mounted in a way that there is free access to the individual
units, while the door of the repeater is open. Therefore keep a clearance radius of
approximately 0.5 meter.

Make sure that there is free access to the electrical connections. The allowed
bending radius of the connected cables must not be exceeded.





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File Doc. No. Date Ver. Page



























Directional
Coupler
FCRG6
Master
BTS
Donor
Antenna
Server
Antenna
FCRG6
Remote
Server
Antenna
RF cable from
server antenna
Power supply
cable
RF cable from
donor antenna
RF cable from
BTS coupler
RF cable from
donor antenna
Power supply
cable
Figure 2.3.1-1 : FCRG-6 repeater installation drawing
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2.3.2 Electrical installation

Note:- The electrical installation has to be performed in accordance to
the safety regulations of the local authorities. Due to safety reasons
the electrical installation must be performed by qualified personnel.
Before opening and working inside the repeater, ensure mains
electric power are disconnected.

2.3.2.1 Grounding

Grounding has to be performed with one grounding screw, mounted on the left
hand side of the housing. Dont use the grounding screw for external devices.



Figure 2.3.2.1-1 : Grounding kit


2.3.2.2 Power connection

Before connecting electrical power to the repeater, grounding has to be done.
The Repeater is equipped with a firmly connected power cord. Due to safety
reasons the power supply of the repeater is provided with a 2A Fuse. In the event
the length of the power cord is not sufficient it can be replaced by a longer cable.

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2.3.2.3 Connection of the antenna cables

The Repeater has two N type female antenna connectors. For mounting the
corresponding cable connectors, please refer to the applicable documentation of
the respective connector manufacturer. The bending radius of the antenna cables
must remain within its specified limit. This will ensure the proper operation of the
system; otherwise changes in the electrical behavior will cause malfunction of the
repeater system.

Bending Radius with losses

Feeder loss, dB/100 m
Feeder
Type
800 900
MHz
1800 1900
MHz
Bending
Radius
(mm)
Comments
CF " 13.5 20.5 40
LCF 3/8 10 14.5 50
HCF 1/2 11 16.5 70

Can be used for
indoor and oudoor

LCF 1/2" 7 10.5 90
LCF 7/8 4 6.2 120
Ideal for Indoor application
Possible but not recommended
for indoor applications



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SECTION 3

3.0 Setting to work

3.1 Preparation

Note:- Repeater should not be connected to Power without
termination of the antenna connection. The termination can be
performed either by the antenna connection as well as a dummy load
or the 50 terminated connection of a measuring instrument (Power
Meter, Spectrum analyzer with appropriate PAD)

Before bringing the repeater system into service it is necessary to measure the
antenna isolation. The repeater system has its maximum available gain when the
attenuation is set to zero. On site the maximum allowed gain is 10 dB less than
the value of antenna isolation. In order to check the function of the repeater
system on site it is advisable to operate the repeater system with 50
terminations. This makes it possible to set the necessary gain and to test the set
value without the necessity of radiating.

FCRG-6 repeater has three different possibilities for setting / viewing the repeater
operational parameters:

1. Local Manual Mode (Manually setting from built in key pad & display)
2. Local using RS 232 serial interface mode (GUI based)
3. Remote via GSM modem mode (NMS) is needed

3.2 Local Internal Mode (Manual setting)

Once the repeater power is ON, the following screen will be appear:

S H Y A M R E P E A T E R
D U A L C H . F C R G 6

Then select mode screen will appear by pressing MENU key.

S T A T U S
C O N F I G U R E

Operation mode will be selected depending on the cursor position. Cursor
position can be moved up and down by pressing UP and DOWN key. Pressing
ENTER key will allow the user to get the desired mode of operation.

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For example, if the cursor is on CONFIGURE then CONFIGURE mode will be
selected by pressing ENTER key and the following screen will be displayed. User
can change the parameter by pressing UP / DOWN key.

C H A N G E - U P / D O W N
C H A N N E L 1 0 3 2


Next parameter is displayed by pressing ENTER keys.

C H A N G E - U P / D O W N
C O N V E R T E D - 1 0 3 8

C H A N G E - U P / D O W N
C H A N N E L 2 0 4 2

C H A N G E - U P / D O W N
C O N V E R T E D - 2 0 4 8

C H A N G E - U P / D O W N
U L . A T T N : 1 2 d B

C H A N G E - U P / D O W N
D L . A T T N : 1 2 d B


Following screen is the last screen of the CONFIGURE mode. All the configured
parameters is saved by selecting UP key from this screen:

T O S A V E P R E S S U P


Following screen confirms that the configuration has been saved:

S A V I N G . . . . . . . . . .


By pressing MENU key any time, second window will be displayed.
By pressing ESC key any time, previous window will be displayed.

The user, depending on the field requirement, can set parameters like main
frequency, converted frequency, attenuation etc.

3.3 Repeater setting using RS-232 serial interface

Configuration & Monitoring of Shyam repeaters can also be performed locally
with a laptop / PC connected to the repeater by means of local RS 232 serial
interface or remotely via GSM modem mounted inside the repeater.
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Repeater setting is done as per the following procedure:

First load the SHYAM repeater configuration & monitoring application program in
the laptop/PC and using the RS 232 serial interface cable, connect it to the serial
interface port of repeater.

Run the SHYAM Outdoor Repeater Configuration & Monitoring Console program
and it will display the following home window. Most of the command buttons are
inactive until user has successfully LOG ON and established connection with
repeater.



User can log on by pressing LOG ON button, which will display the following log
on window:

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Enter the user name and password for authentication. Default user name as
well as password is a . User can change this default user name and
password from the CHANGE PASSWORD window.
If authentication fail, following message will be displayed :

Once the authentication is completed successfully, it will open the following
window for connection mode serial port selection as well as dialing the repeater
in case of remote mode of connection.

Computers Serial Port :

Select the computers serial port from the dropdown list where
RS232 interfacing cable is connected.



Connection Mode :

Select the type of connection (Local or Remote), from the
dropdown list, you want with repeater.


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Local
In this mode of connection user communicates locally with the repeater via
RS232 interface cable.


Remote
In this mode of connection user communicates remotely with the repeater
via Modem (GSM Mobile phone).

Repeater Phone Number :

User enters the GSM modem number mounted with repeater.

Message :

This box displays messages during the connection establishment.

3.3.1 Local Control via RS232 interface cable

Following figure shows the local control mode. In this mode RS232 of computer is
connected with the repeater RS232 port with an serial port interfacing cable.


Repeater
FCRG6
RS232
interfacing
cable

Laptop
Select Computers serial port.
Select Connection mode as Local
Click button.

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Clicking the Apply button will display the following wait message on the bottom of
connection window:

If there is arror while connecting with repeater, following error message will be
displayed. Check for the following errors and try again to connect by clicking on
APPLY button.

3.3.2 Remote control via GSM modem

Following diagram show the remote control mode where user communicates
using wireless modem build-in the equipment with line or wireless modem in PC /
Laptop or GSM cell phone connected with PC / Laptop. If cell phone is
connected, then cell phone driver (e.g. Nokia Data Suite for Nokia handsets)
must be installed in PC / Laptop for that cell phone.

Repeater
FCRG6 with
modem built-in
Wireless
modem /
cell hone
Laptop
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Since the power cable and data wire has been connected in factory, users only
need to plug the SIM card with data link and SMS function in wireless modem of
the repeater.
SIM cardholder


MODEM
Antenna
connector
Power LED
Motherboard
connector
RSL LED
Figure 3.3.2-1 : SIM card mounting

Shown as above figure, SIM card mounting procedure is to push gently the SIM
card holder, lift up the top cover of the SIM card holder, put SIM card in and pull it
gently.

Verify the cables and wires are correctly connected. Switch on the power, and
the repeater will go through the initialization process. Indicator LED of wireless
modem begins to flash. Then the connection preparation has been done.

At the same time, connect the prepared wire line or wireless modem or GSM cell
phone with the PC. Start the computer to run the Shyam Outdoor Repeater
Configuration & Monitoring Console. Go through the log on process and do the
following connection settings.


Select Computers Serial Port.

Select Connection Mode as Remote

Click Apply button.
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Enter the Repeate Phone number

Click Connect button. This will start dialing repeaters phone number with the
following message in the message box.

After establishing successful remote connection with repeater via GSM
modem, following message will be displayed in the message box.


14:30:15: Connected
After successful connection, home window will be refreshed with repeater model
number e.g. FCRG6-900-2CH-40 (REMOTE) as shown in the following Home
windows The model number displayed will depend on the connected repeater
model number. Repeater configuration & monitoring software automatically
checks for the type of connected system and gets the model number.

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Home window of Shyam Repeater configuration & monitoring console for
FCRG-6, 900 MHz, dual channel and 40-dBm output power.



Shyam Outdoor Repeater Configuration & Monitoring Console have following
buttons for different functions :


Monitoring system for alarms & parameters status
Configuring system i.e. setting & reading parameters
Log on / off repeater configuration & monitoring console
Masking alarms
Displaying stored alarms events
Changing existing user name & password
Serial comm. port, connection type settings & dialup
Online help
Exit Configuration & Monitoring Console software

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Current connection settings.


3.3.3 Configuring Repeater Parameters

Configuring means setting different repeater parameters for proper operation.
Configuration window allows access to all the configurable repeater parameters.
Configuration window have two different sections viz.:

A. LINK BUDGET CALCULATOR
B. REPEATER PARAMETERS

Using configuration window user can do the following:

Link budget calculation prior to setting RF Parameters of repeater.
Setting / reading of RF parameter.
Setting / reading of Short Messages parameter.
Setting of Real Time Clock.

Clicking the button on the home window opens the
configuration window.

3.3.3.1 LINK BUDGET CALCULATOR

Before setting the different parameters of the repeater, user must calculate the
link budget. For this calculation user need to enter the following inputs :

Rx Signal Level in the Hand Set

Donor Antenna Gain

Calculate Cable Loss from donor antenna to repeater antenna port by
selecting used cable type, cable length and frequency.

Set required attenuation in downlink system gain.


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Calculate Cable Loss from repeater antenna port to server antenna by
selecting used cable type, cable length and frequency.

Server Antenna Gain



Calculated link budget is confirmed by clicking CONFIRM LINK BUDGET
button. Once the link budget is confirmed, attenuation inserted in the system
gain and maximum output power limit at repeater server antenna port will be
reflected to ATTENUATION and MAXIMUM SYSTEM OUTPUT POWER LIMIT
field of repeater parameters section in Configuration Window.

If maximum output power limit at repeater server antenna port exceeded the
maximum rated output power limit of the system, then an alarm message will be
displayed on the Link Budget Calculator window and at that moment CONFIRM
LINK BUDGET button will be disabled. In this case, user has to insert the
attenuation in the downlink (maximum 31 dB) system gain to adjust the maximum
output power within limit. At that moment CONFIRM LINK BUDGET button will
be enabled and alarm message will be disappeared.



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In the above case user need to insert a minimum of 10 dB attenuation to
overcome the alarm message displayed on the windows.
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3.3.3.2 REPEATER PARAMETERS

In this section of configuration window, user can read and set the different
parameters of the repeater.



The upper and lower limits that can be set by user for different parameters are as
follows:

Parameters Name Lower Limit Upper Limit
Repeater Identity Number 1 65535
Repeater Site Address 0 char. 30 char.
GSM 900
1 124
GSM 1800
Channel Number Main Ch.
512 885
GSM 900
1 124
GSM 1800
Channel Number Converted Ch.
512 885
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Attenuation 0 31
Maximum System Output Power
Limit
0 dBm 40 dBm
PA ON/OFF -- --
SMS Service Center Number 0 char. 13 char.
RMS Phone Number 0 char. 13 char.
Maintenance Phone Number 0 char. 13 char.
Real Time Clock -- --

A. Repeater Identity Number

User can assign an unique number to each repeater for their reference.

B. Repeater Site Address

User can assign the complete address of location (maximum 30 characters)
where Repeater is installed.

C. Channel Number main Ch.

User can select desired channel number of the operators band.

D. Channel Number converted Ch.

Main channel number is converted to a new channel number. This new
channel is used as a RF link connection to Remote Unit.

E. Attenuation

Attenuation set by user to adjust the repeater gain. User can not set the down
link attenuation more than the uplink.

F. Maximum System Output Power Limit

User can set maximum system output power limit as per his/her requirement.
Uplink output power limit will be 3 dBm less than the downlink.

G. PA ON/OFF

User can set PA as ON or OFF for testing at the time of installation. After
completing the installation it must be in ON condition only.

H. Short Message Service Number

Short Message Service Number must be started with a + sign. Length of this
field is 13 digits including + sign.


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I. RMS Phone Number

RMS phone number is phone number of the central station where the SHYAM
Repeater Management System is installed. Repeater will send all the alarms
and present status to the Repeater Management System by using this
number.

J. Maintenance Phone Number

Maintenance phone number is phone number of on-duty engineer where
repeater will send alarms status.

K. Real Time Clock (RTC)

User can synchronize repeater Real Time Clock (RTC) with their computer
RTC. He / she can set day, month, year, hour and minute as shown in the
picture.


Clicking the SET button will update the repeater parameters.

Clicking the READ button will read configured parameters from repeater and
displayed to configuration window.

Configured parameters can be saved as text file using SAVE button for later
reference.

Saved configured text file can be opened using OPEN button.


Note: - Only check marked parameters will be sent to repeater for
updating the parameters value.
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3.3.4 Monitoring Repeater Alarms & Status

Repeater alarms and status can be monitored using Monitoring Window. Clicking
the MONITORING button on the home window or Go To Monitoring from
configuration window opens the monitoring window.

Monitored data i.e. current status and alarms occurred on the repeater will be
displayed on the monitoring window. Refresh interval is 3 seconds.

A red indication is for Alarm

A green indication is for normal status.




User can directly go to the Configuration Window by clicking the Go To
CONFIGURATION button.



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All the parameters status and alarms that can be monitored by Shyam Repeater
Configuration & Monitoring Console software are as follows:

STATUS
Main Channel Number

: Desired channel number of the operators band .
Converted Channel
Number
: Main channel number is converted to a new
channel number. This new channel is used as a
RF link connection to Remote Unit

Downlink Frequency

: Downlink frequency corresponding to configured
main and converted channel number.

Uplink Frequency

: Uplink frequency corresponding to main and
converted channel number.

Attenuation

: Attenuation configured by the user.
Used Gain

: Actual momentary gain for the up link and down
link transmitting.

Output Power : PA output power.

Output Power Limit : Output power limit set by the user at which an
alarm will be generated by glowing red indicator.

Minimum RSSI

: Minimum signal received so far.
Present RSSI

: Present signal level.
Maximum RSSI

: Maximum signal received so far.
PA Temperature

: Current temperature of down link PA.
System Temperature

: Current temperature of the system.
S/w Ver. : Embedded software version number.

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ALARMS
PA off (manual) : When the user sets PA ON / OFF command as
OFF, an alarm will be generated by glowing red
indicator.

PA off (auto) : PA temperature exceeds 85
o
C, PA will be OFF
and an alarm will be generated by glowing red
indicator.

PA Power High : When PA power exceeds output power limit set by
the user, an alarm will be generated by glowing red
indicator.

LNA Fail : When LNA fails, an alarm will be generated by
glowing red indicator.
Synthesizer Fail : When synthesizer is unlocked, an alarm will be
generated by glowing red indicator.
VSWR Alarm : When reflected power is high, an alarm will be
generated by glowing red indicator.

AC Fail : When AC supply fails, an alarm will be generated
by glowing red indicator.

DC Fail : When DC supply fails, an alarm will be generated
by glowing red indicator.

Battery Low : When battery goes low, an alarm will be generated
by glowing red indicator.

PA Temperature
High
: When PA temperature exceeds 85
o
C, an alarm will
be generated by glowing red indicator.

System Temperature
High
: When the system temperature exceeds 60
o
C, an
alarm will be generated by glowing red indicator.

Door Open : Whenever Repeater door is open, an alarm will be
generated by glowing red indicator.


File Doc. No. Date Ver. Page
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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems

3.3.5 Changing Log On Password

Clicking the button displays a small window for changing the existing User name
and Password. Default User name as well as Password is a.



Click this button to confirm new password setting. After successful
execution following confirmation message will be displayed :


File Doc. No. Date Ver. Page
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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems

3.3.6 Installing Shyam Repeater Configuration & Monitoring Console

To install the Shyam Repeater Configuration & Monitoring Console, follow the
following 8 steps :

1. Insert CD into CD drive
2. Select Run menu item from windows Start menu.
3. Type CD drive:\setup.exe or select using Browse button.
Click OK button.

D:\SETUP.EXE
Following setup window will appear. Click OK on the setup window to continue


File Doc. No. Date Ver. Page
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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
4. Change the directory where do you want to install the software. Click the top
corners button to start installation.




5. Select the Program group and click the Continue button.

File Doc. No. Date Ver. Page
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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems

6. Setup process will start copying file to the system as follows :




7. After successfully completion of installation, following window will appear.



8. Click OK to complete the installation of Shyam Repeater Monitoring &
Configuration Console software.

File Doc. No. Date Ver. Page
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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
SECTION 4

4.0 Trouble shooting

LED status
Alarms Name
Up
Link
Down
Link
Cause

Remedy
ON OFF
Up link PA is
switched off manually
Switch ON the up
link PA by giving ON
command through
configuration &
monitoring software.
PA OF MANUAL
OFF ON
Down link PA is
switched off manually
Switch ON the down
link PA by giving ON
command through
configuration &
monitoring software.
ON OFF
This may be due to
high up link PA
temperature or
internal failure in PA.
Check the output
power of down link
PA and the ambient
temperature of
environment
PA OFF AUTO
OFF ON
This may be due to
high down link PA
temperature or
internal failure in PA.
Check the output
power of up PA and
the ambient
temperature of
environment
ON OFF
This may be due to
6dB or more fall in
up link power
whereas the input
RSSI remain the
same.
Check the gain of
the system
PA POWER LOW
OFF ON
This may be due to
6dB or more fall in
down link power
whereas the RSSI
input remain the
same.
Check the gain of
the system
ON OFF
Any one or both the
LNA device may be
failed
Gain should be
reduced by 6dB if
one device is failed
LNA ALARM
OFF ON
Any one or both the
LNA device may be
failed
Gain should be
reduced by 6dB if
one device is failed
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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
ON OFF
Antenna port may not
be terminated
properly
Check the antenna
port and connect the
antenna cable
properly
VSWR ALARM
OFF ON
Antenna port may not
be terminated
properly
Check the antenna
port and connect the
antenna cable
properly
ON OFF
Uplink PA
temperature is high
due increase in
ambient temperature
or some device is
drawing abnormal
current.
Check the ambient
temperature or
device drawing
abnormal current in
uplink path.
PA TEMP. HIGH
OFF ON
Downlink PA
temperature is high
due increase in
ambient temperature
or some device is
drawing abnormal
current
Check the ambient
temperature or some
device drawing
abnormal current in
downlink path
ON OFF
When uplink
synthesizer unlocked
Check the uplink
PLL module SYNTHESIZER
FAIL
OFF ON
When downlink
synthesizer unlocked
Check the downlink
PLL module
SYS. TEMP. HIGH ON
When system
temperature is high.
Check the ambient
temperature
AC FAIL ON
This is due to AC
supply fail
Check the AC
supply
DC FAIL ON
This is due to DC
supply fail
Check the DC
supply
BATTERY LOW ON
When the battery
charge status is low
Check the battery
DOOR OPEN ON
When system door is
open
Check the system
door and close it if
opened

File Doc. No. Date Ver. Page
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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
SECTION 5

5.0 Maintenance

5.1 General

Note:- The Repeater does not require any regular preventive
maintenance measures.

It is only recommended to replace the RAM / RTC battery and the battery backup
module after three years usage as a prophylactic measure. The nominal lifetime
of these batteries is five years under normal environmental conditions.

In the event of a malfunction it is advantageous to check the status of the
antenna systems as well as the continuity of the entire cabling including
connectors, before replacing the modules.

Repeater maintenance shall be performed only by replacing modules. Soldering
on printed circuit boards shall be avoided. In order to sustain warranty take care
not to damage unintentionally the seals on the modules. To open the housing, the
upper screws have to be removed first and then the lower screws. To close the
housing, proceed in reverse order.

The spare part list, consequently, contains only units, which can be replaced
without tuning or complex soldering work. Those units are all SHYAM modules,
internal and external cables.
Note:- Defective parts should only be replaced by original parts from
SHYAM authorized person and all interventions inside the housing
are at ones own risk. During maintenance ensure that the Repeater
has been disconnected from mains, and the battery backup module
has been switched off.

5.2 Replacement of the fuses

The power socket is protected with fuse F1 type quick action.

Note:- Use only fuses of the same type and the same rating when
replacing

5.3 Replacement of the mains cable

In case the length of the delivered mains cable is not sufficient or in case of a
defect, the mains cable can be replaced.

Note:- Disconnect Repeater from mains first.

Remove the cover plate with the lock and open the housing by lifting the fixing
clamp.
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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
5.4 Replacement of the controller battery back up

The battery backup has to be replaced in case of memory loss or as a preventive
measure after approximately three years usage. The nominal lifetime of the
battery is three years. The battery is in the control card.

5.5 Modem Module (optional)

The modem is plugged in on the motherboard. If this module is connected,
remote configuration and monitoring can be done. To replace this modem simply
remove the antenna cable from the antenna connector and the plug out the
module from the motherboard.



MODEM
Antenna connector
Motherboard
connector
Figure 5.5-1 : Modem Module

5.6 Power Supply

Note:- Ensure that mains are disconnected.

The power supply is mounted on the body of the housing. Open the Repeater to
get access to the device.

Remove all connected cable from the power supply. Remove the ground cable.

The power supply is fastened to the body of the housing by means of screws.
After loosen the screws the power supply can be removed.

Note:- Dont forget to put heat sink paste at the bottom side for
installation of a new power supply.




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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
5.7 Module list

5.7.1 MASTER UNIT

S No PARTICULARS / MODULES QTY. Model No.
1 Down link Duplexer 1
2 Down link BTS Tx interface 1
3 Down link Down Converter (Master) 2
4 Down link Up Converter (Master) 2
5 Down link PA 2
6 Down link PA Combiner 1
7 Up link Duplexer 1
8 Up link LNA 1
9 Up link Down Converter 2
10 Up link Up Converter 2
11 Up link RSSI 2
12 Up link PA Combiner 1
13 PSU Without Battery Charging
14 PSU With Battery Charging
15 Mother Board (FCRG) 1
16 TCXO / OCXO Module 1
17 Supervisory with VFD & RS232 1
18 Display Module 1
19 Power Cord 1
20 Earthing Cable thimble 1
21 Battery Cable
22 Operating & Installation Manual 1
23 Software CD 1
24 Door key 1
25 Mounting Clamp with Nut-bolts 1
26 RS 232 Interface Cable 1
27 Interconnecting RF cable set




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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
5.7.2 REMOTE UNIT

S No PARTICULARS / MODULES QTY. Model No.
1 Down link Duplexer 1
2 Down Link LNA 1
3 Down link Down Converter (Remote) 2
4 Down link Up Converter (Remote) 2
5 Down Link PA 2
6 Down link PA Combiner 1
7 Up Link Duplexer 1
8 Up Link LNA 1
9 Up link Down Converter 2
10 Up link Up Converter 2
11 Up link PA 2
12 Up link PA Combiner 1
13 PSU Without Battery Charging
14 PSU With Battery Charging
15 Mother Board (FCRG) 1
16 TCXO / OCXO Module 1
17 Supervisory with VFD & RS232 1
18 Display Module 1
19 Modem 1
20 Power Cord 1
21 Earthing Cable thimble 1
22 Battery Cable
23 Operating & Installation Manual 1
24 Software CD 1
25 Door key 1
26 Mounting Clamp with Nut-bolts 1
27 RS 232 Interface Cable 1
28 Interconnecting RF cable set



File Doc. No. Date Ver. Page
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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
5.8 Configuration List

The actual configuration of the repeater system is entered on a separate list at
the time of delivery. This configuration list is subject of the delivery schedule
providing actual information of part number, Id. Number, serial number and
revision status of the repeater. Whenever parts should be replaced the user is
requested to update the list.

Note:- The configuration list is realized by a label inside the cabinet of
the Repeater


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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
SECTION 6
6.0 Channel / Frequency table

6.1 900 Mhz GSM
ARFCN
NUMBER
FREQ.
MHz
FREQ.
MHz

ARFCN
NUMBER
FREQ.
MHz
FREQ.
MHz
UL DL UL DL
1 890.2 935.2 31 896.2 941.2
2 890.4 935.4 32 896.4 941.4
3 890.6 935.6 33 896.6 941.6
4 890.8 935.8 34 896.8 941.8
5 891.0 936.0 35 897.0 942.0
6 891.2 936.2 36 897.2 942.2
7 891.4 936.4 37 897.4 942.4
8 891.6 936.6 38 897.6 942.6
9 891.8 936.8 39 897.8 942.8
10 892.0 937.0 40 898.0 943.0
11 892.2 937.2 41 898.2 943.2
12 892.4 937.4 42 898.4 943.4
13 892.6 937.6 43 898.6 943.6
14 892.8 937.8 44 898.8 943.8
15 893.0 938.0 45 899.0 944.0
16 893.2 938.2 46 899.2 944.2
17 893.4 938.4 48 899.6 944.6
18 893.6 938.6 49 899.8 944.8
19 893.8 938.8 50 900.0 945.0
20 894.0 939.0 51 900.2 945.2
21 894.2 939.2 52 900.4 945.4
22 894.4 939.4 53 900.6 945.6
23 894.6 939.6 54 900.8 945.8
24 894.8 939.8 55 901.0 946.0
25 895.0 940.0 56 901.2 946.2
26 895.2 940.2 57 901.4 946.4
27 895.4 940.4 58 901.6 946.6
28 895.6 940.6 59 901.8 946.8
29 895.8 940.8 60 902.0 947.0
30 896.0 941.0
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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems


ARFCN
NUMBER
FREQ.
MHz
FREQ.
MHz

ARFCN
NUMBER
FREQ.
MHz
FREQ.
MHz
UL DL UL DL
61 902.2 947.2 95 909.0 954.0
62 902.4 947.4 96 909.2 954.2
63 902.6 947.6 97 909.4 954.4
64 902.8 947.8 98 909.6 954.6
65 903.0 948.0 99 909.8 954.8
66 903.2 948.2 100 910.0 955.0
67 903.4 948.4 101 910.2 955.2
68 903.6 948.6 102 910.4 955.4
69 903.8 948.8 103 910.6 955.6
70 904.0 949.0 104 910.8 955.8
71 904.2 949.2 105 911.0 956.0
72 904.4 949.4 106 911.2 956.2
73 904.6 949.6 107 911.4 956.4
74 904.8 949.8 108 911.6 956.6
75 905.0 950.0 109 911.8 956.8
76 905.2 950.2 110 912.0 957.0
77 905.4 950.4 111 912.2 957.2
78 905.6 950.6 112 912.4 957.4
79 905.8 950.8 113 912.6 957.6
80 906.0 951.0 114 912.8 957.8
81 906.2 951.2 115 913.0 958.0
82 906.4 951.4 116 913.2 958.2
83 906.6 951.6 117 913.4 958.4
84 906.8 951.8 118 913.6 958.6
85 907.0 952.0 119 913.8 958.8
86 907.2 952.2 120 914.0 959.0
87 907.4 952.4 121 914.2 959.2
88 907.6 952.6 122 914.4 959.4
89 907.8 952.8 123 914.6 959.6
90 908.0 953.0 124 914.8 959.8
91 908.2 953.2
92 908.4 953.4
93 908.6 953.6
94 908.8 953.8
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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
6.2 1800 Mhz GSM

ARFCN ARFCN ARFCN
NUMBER
FREQ.
MHz
FREQ.
MHz NUMBER
FREQ.
MHz
FREQ.
MHz NUMBER
FREQ.
MHz
FREQ.
MHz
UL DL UL DL UL DL
512 1710.2 1805.2 556 1719.0 1814.0 600 1727.8 1822.8
513 1710.4 1805.4 557 1719.2 1814.2 601 1728.0 1823.0
514 1710.6 1805.6 558 1719.4 1814.4 602 1728.2 1823.2
515 1710.8 1805.8 559 1719.6 1814.6 603 1728.4 1823.4
516 1711.0 1806.0 560 1719.8 1814.8 604 1728.6 1823.6
517 1711.2 1806.2 561 1720.0 1815.0 605 1728.8 1823.8
518 1711.4 1806.4 562 1720.2 1815.2 606 1729.0 1824.0
519 1711.6 1806.6 563 1720.4 1815.4 607 1729.2 1824.2
520 1711.8 1806.8 564 1720.6 1815.6 608 1729.4 1824.4
521 1712.0 1807.0 565 1720.8 1815.8 609 1729.6 1824.6
522 1712.2 1807.2 566 1721.0 1816.0 610 1729.8 1824.8
523 1712.4 1807.4 567 1721.2 1816.2 611 1730.0 1825.0
524 1712.6 1807.6 568 1721.4 1816.4 612 1730.2 1825.2
525 1712.8 1807.8 569 1721.6 1816.6 613 1730.4 1825.4
526 1713.0 1808.0 570 1721.8 1816.8 614 1730.6 1825.6
527 1713.2 1808.2 571 1722.0 1817.0 615 1730.8 1825.8
528 1713.4 1808.4 572 1722.2 1817.2 616 1731.0 1826.0
529 1713.6 1808.6 573 1722.4 1817.4 617 1731.2 1826.2
530 1713.8 1808.8 574 1722.6 1817.6 618 1731.4 1826.4
531 1714.0 1809.0 575 1722.8 1817.8 619 1731.6 1826.6
532 1714.2 1809.2 576 1723.0 1818.0 620 1731.8 1826.8
533 1714.4 1809.4 577 1723.2 1818.2 621 1732.0 1827.0
534 1714.6 1809.6 578 1723.4 1818.4 622 1732.2 1827.2
535 1714.8 1809.8 579 1723.6 1818.6 623 1732.4 1827.4
536 1715.0 1810.0 580 1723.8 1818.8 624 1732.6 1827.6
537 1715.2 1810.2 581 1724.0 1819.0 625 1732.8 1827.8
538 1715.4 1810.4 582 1724.2 1819.2 626 1733.0 1828.0
539 1715.6 1810.6 583 1724.4 1819.4 627 1733.2 1828.2
540 1715.8 1810.8 584 1724.6 1819.6 628 1733.4 1828.4
541 1716.0 1811.0 585 1724.8 1819.8 629 1733.6 1828.6
542 1716.2 1811.2 586 1725.0 1820.0 630 1733.8 1828.8
543 1716.4 1811.4 587 1725.2 1820.2 631 1734.0 1829.0
544 1716.6 1811.6 588 1725.4 1820.4 632 1734.2 1829.2
545 1716.8 1811.8 589 1725.6 1820.6 633 1734.4 1829.4
546 1717.0 1812.0 590 1725.8 1820.8 634 1734.6 1829.6
547 1717.2 1812.2 591 1726.0 1821.0 635 1734.8 1829.8
548 1717.4 1812.4 592 1726.2 1821.2 636 1735.0 1830.0
549 1717.6 1812.6 593 1726.4 1821.4 637 1735.2 1830.2
550 1717.8 1812.8 594 1726.6 1821.6 638 1735.4 1830.4
551 1718.0 1813.0 595 1726.8 1821.8 639 1735.6 1830.6
552 1718.2 1813.2 596 1727.0 1822.0 640 1735.8 1830.8
553 1718.4 1813.4 597 1727.2 1822.2 641 1736.0 1831.0
554 1718.6 1813.6 598 1727.4 1822.4 642 1736.2 1831.2
555 1718.8 1813.8 599 1727.6 1822.6 643 1736.4 1831.4






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Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems
ARFCN ARFCN ARFCN
NUMBER
FREQ.
MHz
FREQ.
MHz NUMBER
FREQ.
MHz
FREQ.
MHz NUMBER
FREQ.
MHz
FREQ.
MHz
UL DL UL DL UL DL
644 1736.6 1831.6 688 1745.4 1840.4 732 1754.2 1849.2
645 1736.8 1831.8 689 1745.6 1840.6 733 1754.4 1849.4
646 1737.0 1832.0 690 1745.8 1840.8 734 1754.6 1849.6
647 1737.2 1832.2 691 1746.0 1841.0 735 1754.8 1849.8
648 1737.4 1832.4 692 1746.2 1841.2 736 1755.0 1850.0
649 1737.6 1832.6 693 1746.4 1841.4 737 1755.2 1850.2
650 1737.8 1832.8 694 1746.6 1841.6 738 1755.4 1850.4
651 1738.0 1833.0 695 1746.8 1841.8 739 1755.6 1850.6
652 1738.2 1833.2 696 1747.0 1842.0 740 1755.8 1850.8
653 1738.4 1833.4 697 1747.2 1842.2 741 1756.0 1851.0
654 1738.6 1833.6 698 1747.4 1842.4 742 1756.2 1851.2
655 1738.8 1833.8 699 1747.6 1842.6 743 1756.4 1851.4
656 1739.0 1834.0 700 1747.8 1842.8 744 1756.6 1851.6
657 1739.2 1834.2 701 1748.0 1843.0 745 1756.8 1851.8
658 1739.4 1834.4 702 1748.2 1843.2 746 1757.0 1852.0
659 1739.6 1834.6 703 1748.4 1843.4 747 1757.2 1852.2
660 1739.8 1834.8 704 1748.6 1843.6 748 1757.4 1852.4
661 1740.0 1835.0 705 1748.8 1843.8 749 1757.6 1852.6
662 1740.2 1835.2 706 1749.0 1844.0 750 1757.8 1852.8
663 1740.4 1835.4 707 1749.2 1844.2 751 1758.0 1853.0
664 1740.6 1835.6 708 1749.4 1844.4 752 1758.2 1853.2
665 1740.8 1835.8 709 1749.6 1844.6 753 1758.4 1853.4
666 1741.0 1836.0 710 1749.8 1844.8 754 1758.6 1853.6
667 1741.2 1836.2 711 1750.0 1845.0 755 1758.8 1853.8
668 1741.4 1836.4 712 1750.2 1845.2 756 1759.0 1854.0
669 1741.6 1836.6 713 1750.4 1845.4 757 1759.2 1854.2
670 1741.8 1836.8 714 1750.6 1845.6 758 1759.4 1854.4
671 1742.0 1837.0 715 1750.8 1845.8 759 1759.6 1854.6
672 1742.2 1837.2 716 1751.0 1846.0 760 1759.8 1854.8
673 1742.4 1837.4 717 1751.2 1846.2 761 1760.0 1855.0
674 1742.6 1837.6 718 1751.4 1846.4 762 1760.2 1855.2
675 1742.8 1837.8 719 1751.6 1846.6 763 1760.4 1855.4
676 1743.0 1838.0 720 1751.8 1846.8 764 1760.6 1855.6
677 1743.2 1838.2 721 1752.0 1847.0 765 1760.8 1855.8
678 1743.4 1838.4 722 1752.2 1847.2 766 1761.0 1856.0
679 1743.6 1838.6 723 1752.4 1847.4 767 1761.2 1856.2
680 1743.8 1838.8 724 1752.6 1847.6 768 1761.4 1856.4
681 1744.0 1839.0 725 1752.8 1847.8 769 1761.6 1856.6
682 1744.2 1839.2 726 1753.0 1848.0 770 1761.8 1856.8
683 1744.4 1839.4 727 1753.2 1848.2 771 1762.0 1857.0
684 1744.6 1839.6 728 1753.4 1848.4 772 1762.2 1857.2
685 1744.8 1839.8 729 1753.6 1848.6 773 1762.4 1857.4
686 1745.0 1840.0 730 1753.8 1848.8 774 1762.6 1857.6
687 1745.2 1840.2 731 1754.0 1849.0 775 1762.8 1857.8

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Communication Systems

ARFCN ARFCN ARFCN
NUMBER
FREQ.
MHz
FREQ.
MHz NUMBER
FREQ.
MHz
FREQ.
MHz NUMBER
FREQ.
MHz
FREQ.
MHz
UL DL UL DL UL DL
776 1763.0 1858.0 820 1771.8 1866.8 864 1780.6 1875.6
777 1763.2 1858.2 821 1772.0 1867.0 865 1780.8 1875.8
778 1763.4 1858.4 822 1772.2 1867.2 866 1781.0 1876.0
779 1763.6 1858.6 823 1772.4 1867.4 867 1781.2 1876.2
780 1763.8 1858.8 824 1772.6 1867.6 868 1781.4 1876.4
781 1764.0 1859.0 825 1772.8 1867.8 869 1781.6 1876.6
782 1764.2 1859.2 826 1773.0 1868.0 870 1781.8 1876.8
783 1764.4 1859.4 827 1773.2 1868.2 871 1782.0 1877.0
784 1764.6 1859.6 828 1773.4 1868.4 872 1782.2 1877.2
785 1764.8 1859.8 829 1773.6 1868.6 873 1782.4 1877.4
786 1765.0 1860.0 830 1773.8 1868.8 874 1782.6 1877.6
787 1765.2 1860.2 831 1774.0 1869.0 875 1782.8 1877.8
788 1765.4 1860.4 832 1774.2 1869.2 876 1783.0 1878.0
789 1765.6 1860.6 833 1774.4 1869.4 877 1783.2 1878.2
790 1765.8 1860.8 834 1774.6 1869.6 878 1783.4 1878.4
791 1766.0 1861.0 835 1774.8 1869.8 879 1783.6 1878.6
792 1766.2 1861.2 836 1775.0 1870.0 880 1783.8 1878.8
793 1766.4 1861.4 837 1775.2 1870.2 881 1784.0 1879.0
794 1766.6 1861.6 838 1775.4 1870.4 882 1784.2 1879.2
795 1766.8 1861.8 839 1775.6 1870.6 883 1784.4 1879.4
796 1767.0 1862.0 840 1775.8 1870.8 884 1784.6 1879.6
797 1767.2 1862.2 841 1776.0 1871.0 885 1784.8 1879.8
798 1767.4 1862.4 842 1776.2 1871.2
799 1767.6 1862.6 843 1776.4 1871.4
800 1767.8 1862.8 844 1776.6 1871.6
801 1768.0 1863.0 845 1776.8 1871.8
802 1768.2 1863.2 846 1777.0 1872.0
803 1768.4 1863.4 847 1777.2 1872.2
804 1768.6 1863.6 848 1777.4 1872.4
805 1768.8 1863.8 849 1777.6 1872.6
806 1769.0 1864.0 850 1777.8 1872.8
807 1769.2 1864.2 851 1778.0 1873.0
808 1769.4 1864.4 852 1778.2 1873.2
809 1769.6 1864.6 853 1778.4 1873.4
810 1769.8 1864.8 854 1778.6 1873.6
811 1770.0 1865.0 855 1778.8 1873.8
812 1770.2 1865.2 856 1779.0 1874.0
813 1770.4 1865.4 857 1779.2 1874.2
814 1770.6 1865.6 858 1779.4 1874.4
815 1770.8 1865.8 859 1779.6 1874.6
816 1771.0 1866.0 860 1779.8 1874.8
817 1771.2 1866.2 861 1780.0 1875.0
818 1771.4 1866.4 862 1780.2 1875.2
819 1771.6 1866.6 863 1780.4 1875.4
File Doc. No. Date Ver. Page
2FCRG6 5700 9002 920 / 5700 9102 920 26-Dec-03 2.0 61 / 62


Antenna Electronic
Communication Systems

NOTES :

File Doc. No. Date Ver. Page
2FCRG6 5700 9002 920 / 5700 9102 920 26-Dec-03 2.0 62 / 62