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BASIC STROKES IN BADMINTON

1. Defensive Badminton Clear/Lob
This is the most basic badminton shot. Every beginner should first master this. The
defensive badminton clear is performed to get you out of trouble. In many instances,
you'll be under tremendous pressure by your opponent. This happens when your
opponent plays at a faster pace and is firing continuous attacks on you. A clear or lob
is a good way to get yourself more organized while you're under pressure and buys
you some time to work yourself back into the rally.

Overhead Defensive Clear



Underarm Defensive Clear



The pictures above show you the flight trajectory of the defensive badminton clear.
This shot can be performed using the badminton overhead stroke and the underarm
stroke. In the picture above, you'll realize that the shuttle travels high up and deep
into your opponent's baseline. The defensive clear keeps the shuttle in the air for
quite a while. This gives you some extra time before your opponent is able to hit it.
Make use of this "extra" time to reorganize your footwork and get back into position.
2. Badminton Drop Shot
The badminton drop shot is semi-offensive. It's performed from the back of the court
and is usually used to maintain the pace of the game. The defensive clear (explained
above) slows down the pace of the game - because it keeps the shuttle in the air for
quite a while. The drop shot, on the other hand, maintains the pace of the game. A
drop shot performed at a steep angle lands on the ground quicker, compared to the
clear or lob. Your opponent has to rush forward to retrieve it. Hit the drop shot ONLY
when you're comfortable with the pace of the game. In other words, perform a drop
shot when you're playing at a similar pace or a faster pace than your opponent. If
you can't keep up with your opponent's pace, clear (or lob) the shuttle instead.


3. Badminton Smash

The smash is often known as the 'winning shot' in badminton. It's used with the
intention to end a rally. The smash is one of the most powerful badminton shots
(apart from the jump smash) that is fired from a steep angle. However, when you
decide to smash, you're taking a risk. Smashing causes you to lose a certain degree of
balance. Thus, make sure that your smash will win you a rally point, or at least force
a very weak return from your opponent. In order to minimize your risks and ensure
your smash works towards your advantage, you should:
I. Get behind the shuttle as early as possible so that you are able to hit the
shuttle when it is still high up. This allows you to smash the shuttle at a steep
angle.
II. Maintain extremely good body balance before you smash.
III. Make sure that your opponent is off-guard. This means that your opponent is
not ready to retrieve the smash.
If you do not satisfy the conditions above, hit the drop shot instead and wait for
another chance. You'll be taking unnecessary risks if you fire a smash without
satisfying the conditions above. Without you knowing, you may be giving your
opponent the chance to counter your smash!

4. Badminton Jump Smash

This is a more powerful version of the badminton smash. It is also one of the hardest
badminton shots to perform. To hit this shot, you will simply need to jump and hit
the smash in mid air. This will:
 Create a steeper angle for your smash.
 Enable you to inject more power into your smash.
The badminton jump smash is the most powerful offensive shot in badminton.
Remember, the conditions for performing a smash (mentioned above in "badminton
smash")? You'll need to satisfy those conditions before performing the jump smash.








5. Badminton Net Shot (Tumbling/Spinning Net Shot)


Badminton shots along the net (known as "net shots") are used to create
opportunities and dominate the front of the court. It is a very important skill to help
you win badminton rallies. A good net shot can force your opponent to perform a
high lift/clear, so that you can play a winning smash. A tumbling net shot enables the
shuttle to tumble across just slightly above the net. A tight spinning net shot will
force your opponent to lift to the mid court area. An extremely good net shot
(shuttle lands on the top of the net and then drops to the other side) can sometimes
be the 'killer shot'.

6. Badminton Net Kill


The net kill is a useful skill to end a rally when if your opponent executes a poor
quality net shot (net shot that is too high). When your opponent plays a net shot
that is too high, strike with a net kill! The picture above shows you the flight
trajectory for the badminton net kill.






7. Defensive Badminton Net Lift
In some instances, your opponent might be very good at net play. They may perform
extremely good badminton shots along the net. When you're finding it difficult to
retrieve your opponent's badminton shots along the net, perform the defensive net
lift. If your opponent is playing extremely well along the net, do not hesitate to
perform the high lift. This can prevent your opponent from striking with a net kill.



The net lift sends the shuttle high up to your opponent's baseline. It is similar to the
underarm defensive clear but the net lift is usually performed very closely to the net.
Therefore it is important that you practice to lift the shuttle high enough so that the
shuttle won't hit the net.

8. Badminton Drive

Drives are fast and furious badminton shots exchanged horizontally across the net. One of
the main reasons to hit the drive is to increase the pace of the game. Use this only when
you're comfortable with the pace of the rally. If for some reasons you are not performing
well or making many unforced errors, DO NOT play drives with your opponent.

9. Defensive Badminton Clear/Lob
This is the most basic badminton shot. Every beginner should first master this. The
defensive badminton clear is performed to get you out of trouble. In many instances,
you'll be under tremendous pressure by your opponent. This happens when your
opponent plays at a faster pace and is firing continuous attacks on you. A clear or lob
is a good way to get yourself more organized while you're under pressure and buys
you some time to work yourself back into the rally.

Overhead Defensive Clear



Underarm Defensive Clear



The pictures above show you the flight trajectory of the defensive badminton clear. This
shot can be performed using the badminton overhead stroke and the underarm stroke. In
the picture above, you'll realize that the shuttle travels high up and deep into your
opponent's baseline. The defensive clear keeps the shuttle in the air for quite a while. This
gives you some extra time before your opponent is able to hit it. Make use of this "extra"
time to reorganize your footwork and get back into position.
10. Badminton Drop Shot
The badminton drop shot is semi-offensive. It's performed from the back of the court
and is usually used to maintain the pace of the game. The defensive clear (explained
above) slows down the pace of the game - because it keeps the shuttle in the air for
quite a while. The drop shot, on the other hand, maintains the pace of the game. A
drop shot performed at a steep angle lands on the ground quicker, compared to the
clear or lob. Your opponent has to rush forward to retrieve it. Hit the drop shot ONLY
when you're comfortable with the pace of the game. In other words, perform a drop
shot when you're playing at a similar pace or a faster pace than your opponent. If
you can't keep up with your opponent's pace, clear (or lob) the shuttle instead.


11. Badminton Smash

The smash is often known as the 'winning shot' in badminton. It's used with the
intention to end a rally. The smash is one of the most powerful badminton shots
(apart from the jump smash) that is fired from a steep angle. However, when you
decide to smash, you're taking a risk. Smashing causes you to lose a certain degree of
balance. Thus, make sure that your smash will win you a rally point, or at least force
a very weak return from your opponent. In order to minimize your risks and ensure
your smash works towards your advantage, you should:
IV. Get behind the shuttle as early as possible so that you are able to hit the
shuttle when it is still high up. This allows you to smash the shuttle at a steep
angle.
V. Maintain extremely good body balance before you smash.
VI. Make sure that your opponent is off-guard. This means that your opponent is
not ready to retrieve the smash.
If you do not satisfy the conditions above, hit the drop shot instead and wait for
another chance. You'll be taking unnecessary risks if you fire a smash without
satisfying the conditions above. Without you knowing, you may be giving your
opponent the chance to counter your smash!

12. Badminton Jump Smash

This is a more powerful version of the badminton smash. It is also one of the hardest
badminton shots to perform. To hit this shot, you will simply need to jump and hit
the smash in mid air. This will:
 Create a steeper angle for your smash.
 Enable you to inject more power into your smash.
The badminton jump smash is the most powerful offensive shot in badminton.
Remember, the conditions for performing a smash (mentioned above in "badminton
smash")? You'll need to satisfy those conditions before performing the jump smash.










13. Badminton Net Shot (Tumbling/Spinning Net Shot)


Badminton shots along the net (known as "net shots") are used to create
opportunities and dominate the front of the court. It is a very important skill to help
you win badminton rallies. A good net shot can force your opponent to perform a
high lift/clear, so that you can play a winning smash. A tumbling net shot enables the
shuttle to tumble across just slightly above the net. A tight spinning net shot will
force your opponent to lift to the mid court area. An extremely good net shot
(shuttle lands on the top of the net and then drops to the other side) can sometimes
be the 'killer shot'.

14. Badminton Net Kill


The net kill is a useful skill to end a rally when if your opponent executes a poor
quality net shot (net shot that is too high). When your opponent plays a net shot
that is too high, strike with a net kill! The picture above shows you the flight
trajectory for the badminton net kill.






15. Defensive Badminton Net Lift
In some instances, your opponent might be very good at net play. They may perform
extremely good badminton shots along the net. When you're finding it difficult to
retrieve your opponent's badminton shots along the net, perform the defensive net
lift. If your opponent is playing extremely well along the net, do not hesitate to
perform the high lift. This can prevent your opponent from striking with a net kill.



The net lift sends the shuttle high up to your opponent's baseline. It is similar to the
underarm defensive clear but the net lift is usually performed very closely to the net.
Therefore it is important that you practice to lift the shuttle high enough so that the
shuttle won't hit the net.

16. Badminton Drive

Drives are fast and furious badminton shots exchanged horizontally across the net.
One of the main reasons to hit the drive is to increase the pace of the game. Use this
only when you're comfortable with the pace of the rally. If for some reasons you are
not performing well or making many unforced errors, DO NOT play drives with your
opponent.
BASIC FOOTWORKS IN BADMINTON
To execute a good stroke and swing with good grip, you need to position yourself into the
right place in relation to the shuttle. What puts your body into the right position is your feet.
Hence, footwork is a subject that should be seriously studied. Good footwork will enable
you to get to the shuttle in time to balance; then you can concentrate on playing the
accurate shot. There is no mystique about footwork, for what we really mean by it is court-
covering, movement, a means of traveling from one part of the court to another as simply
and economically as possible, but quickly. With anticipation and acute judgment, the
advanced player will already have decided, before the shuttle is struck, where he thinks it is
going and will have shifted his balance in that direction. Do not allow your feet to become
glued to the floor, keep them fidgeting around whilst you wait for your opponent's reply.
Hold the racket, with a bent arm, slightly in front of you, and above all, keep the racket head
up.

Always remember your base (starting point) will be at the red dot in the middle. The arrows
indicates the possible movements around the court. Every time you move away from your
base to hit the shuttle, you MUST QUICKLY return to your base to prepare yourself for your
opponent's shot. For instance, you move to point A to take a shuttle and then stay there.
Your opponent then returns the shuttle back to you at point B. You are less likely able to get
to point B in time from point A. Conversely, if you quickly return to your base after hitting
the shuttle at point A, you will definitely be able to return the shuttle at point B.

To execute a good stroke and swing with good grip, you need to position yourself into the
right place in relation to the shuttle. What puts your body into the right position is your feet.
Hence, footwork is a subject that should be seriously studied. Good footwork will enable
you to get to the shuttle in time to balance; then you can concentrate on playing the
accurate shot. There is no mystique about footwork, for what we really mean by it is court-
covering, movement, a means of traveling from one part of the court to another as simply
and economically as possible, but quickly. With anticipation and acute judgment, the
advanced player will already have decided, before the shuttle is struck, where he thinks it is
going and will have shifted his balance in that direction. Do not allow your feet to become
glued to the floor, keep them fidgeting around whilst you wait for your opponent's reply.
Hold the racket, with a bent arm, slightly in front of you, and above all, keep the racket head
up.

Always remember your base (starting point) will be at the red dot in the middle. The arrows
indicates the possible movements around the court. Every time you move away from your
base to hit the shuttle, you MUST QUICKLY return to your base to prepare yourself for your
opponent's shot. For instance, you move to point A to take a shuttle and then stay there.
Your opponent then returns the shuttle back to you at point B. You are less likely able to get
to point B in time from point A. Conversely, if you quickly return to your base after hitting
the shuttle at point A, you will definitely be able to return the shuttle at point B.