You are on page 1of 4


Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra: Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.

Calculus: Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial
Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier series. Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line,
Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems.

Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with
constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, Initial and boundary value
problems, Partial Differential Equations and variable separable method.

Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor's and Laurent' series,
Residue theorem, solution integrals.

Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation,
Random variables, Discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distribution, Correlation and
regression analysis.

Numerical Methods: Solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, single and multi-step methods for differential

Transform Theory: Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform.

Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning
and verbal deduction.

Electrical Engineering
Electric Circuits and Fields: Network graph, KCL, KVL, node and mesh analysis, transient response of dc and ac
networks; sinusoidal steady-state analysis, resonance, basic filter concepts; ideal current and voltage sources,
Thevenin's, Norton's and Superposition and Maximum Power Transfer theorems, two-port networks, three phase
circuits; Gauss Theorem, electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions;
Ampere's and Biot-Savart's laws; inductance; dielectrics; capacitance.

Signals and Systems: Representation of continuous and discrete-time signals; shifting and scaling operations; linear,
time-invariant and causal systems; Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals; sampling theorem;
Fourier, Laplace and Z transforms.

Electrical Machines: Single phase transformer - equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, tests, regulation and efficiency;
three phase transformers - connections, parallel operation; auto-transformer; energy conversion principles; DC
machines - types, windings, generator characteristics, armature reaction and commutation, starting and speed control of
motors; three phase induction motors - principles, types, performance characteristics, starting and speed control; single
phase induction motors; synchronous machines - performance, regulation and parallel operation of generators, motor
starting, characteristics and applications; servo and stepper motors.

Power Systems: Basic power generation concepts; transmission line models and performance; cable performance,
insulation; corona and radio interference; distribution systems; per-unit quantities; bus impedance and admittance
matrices; load flow; voltage control; power factor correction; economic operation; symmetrical components; fault
analysis; principles of over-current, differential and distance protection; solid state relays and digital protection; circuit
breakers; system stability concepts, swing curves and equal area criterion; HVDC transmission and FACTS concepts.

Control Systems: Principles of feedback; transfer function; block diagrams; steady-state errors; Routh and Niquist
techniques; Bode plots; root loci; lag, lead and lead-lag compensation; state space model; state transition matrix,
controllability and observability.

Electrical and Electronic Measurements: Bridges and potentiometers; PMMC, moving iron, dynamometer and
induction type instruments; measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor; instrument transformers;
digital voltmeters and multimeters; phase, time and frequency measurement; Q-meters; oscilloscopes; potentiometric
recorders; error analysis.

Analog and Digital Electronics: Characteristics of diodes, BJT, FET; amplifiers - biasing, equivalent circuit and
frequency response; oscillators and feedback amplifiers; operational amplifiers - characteristics and applications; simple
active filters; VCOs and timers; combinational and sequential logic circuits; multiplexer; Schmitt trigger; multi-vibrators;
sample and hold circuits; A/D and D/A converters; 8-bit microprocessor basics, architecture, programming and

Power Electronics and Drives: Semiconductor power diodes, transistors, thyristors, triacs, GTOs, MOSFETs and
IGBTs - static characteristics and principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers; bridge converters -
fully controlled and half controlled; principles of choppers and inverters; basis concepts of adjustable speed dc and ac

Syllabus for IES : Indian Engineering Services Examination
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING PAPER - I (For both objective and conventional types

1. EM Theory
Electric and magnetic fields. Gauss's Law and Amperes Law. Fields in dielectrics, conductors and magnetic materials.
Maxwell's equations. Time varying fields. Plane-Wave propagating in dielectric and conducting media. Transmission

2. Electrical Materials
Band Theory, Conductors, Semi-conductors and Insulators. Super-conductivity. Insulators for electrical and electronic
applications. Magnetic materials. Ferro and ferri magnetism. Ceramics, Properties and applications. Hall effect and its
applications. Special semi conductors.

3. Electrical Circuits
Circuits elements. Kirchoff's Laws. Mesh and nodal analysis. Network Theorems and applications. Natural response
and forced response. Transient response and steady state response for arbitrary inputs. Properties of networks in terms
of poles and zeros. Transfer function. Resonant circuits. Threephase circuits. Two-port networks. Elements of two-
element network synthesis.

4. Measurements and Instrumentation
Units and Standards. Error analysis, measurement of current, Voltage, power, Power-factor and energy. Indicating
instruments. Measurement of resistance, inductance, Capacitance and frequency. Bridge measurements. Electronic
measuring instruments. Digital Voltmeter and frequency counter. Transducers and their applications to the
measurement of non-electrical quantities like temperature, pressure, flow-rate displacement, acceleration, noise level
etc. Data acquisition systems. A/D and D/A converters.

Mathematical modelling of physical systems. Block diagrams and signal flow graphs and their reduction. Time domain
and frequency domain analysis of linear dynamical system. Errors for different type of inputs and stability criteria for
feedback systems. Stability analysis using Routh-Hurwitz array, Nyquist plot and Bode plot. Root locus and Nicols chart
and the estimation of gain and phase margin. Basic concepts of compensator design. State variable matrix and its use
in system modelling and design. Sampled data system and performance of such a system with the samples in the error
channel. Stability of sampled data system. Elements of non-linear control analysis. Control system components,
electromechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic components.

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING PAPER - II (For both objective and conventional types

1. Electrical Machines and Power Transformers
Magnetic Circuits - Analysis and Design of Power transformers. Construction and testing. Equivalent circuits. Losses
and efficiency. Regulation. Auto-transformer, 3-phase transformer. Parallel operation.
Basic concepts in rotating machines. EMF, torque, basic machine types. Construction and operation, leakage losses
and efficiency. B.C. Machines. Construction, Excitation methods. Circuit models. Armature reaction and commutation.
Characteristics and performanceanalysis. Generators and motors. Starting and speed control. Testing, Losses and
Synchronous Machines. Construction. Circuit model. Operating characteristics and performance analysis. Synchronous
reactance. Efficiency. Voltage regulation. Salient-pole machine, Parallel operation. Hunting. Short circuit transients.
Induction Machines. Construction. Principle of operation. Rotating fields. Characteristics and performance analysis.
Determination of circuit model. Circle diagram. Starting and speed control. Fractional KW motors. Single-phase
synchronous and induction motors.

2. Power systems
Types of Power Stations, Hydro, Thermal and Nuclear Stations. Pumped storage plants. Economics and operating
Power transmission lines. Modeling and performance characteristics. Voltage control. Load flow studies. Optimal power
system operation. Load frequency control. Symmetrical short circuit analysis. ZBus formulation. Symmetrical
Components. Per Unit representation. Fault analysis. Transient and steady-state stability of power systems. Equal area
Power system Transients. Power system Protection Circuit breakers. Relays. HVDC transmission.

Semiconductor device physics, PN junctions and transistors, circuit models and parameters, FET, Zener, tunnel,
Schottky, photo diodes and their applications, rectifier circuits, voltage regulators and multipliers, switching behavior of
diodes and transistors.
Small signal amplifiers, biasing circuits, frequency response and improvement, multistage amplifiers and feed-back
amplifiers, D.C. amplifiers, Oscillators. Large signal amplifiers, coupling methods, push pull amplifiers, operational
amplifiers, wave shaping circuits. Multivibrators and flip-flops and their applications. Digital logic gate families, universal
gates-combination circuits for arithmetic and logic operational, sequential logic circuits. Counters, registers, RAM and

Microprocessor architecture-Instruction set and simple assembly language programming. Interfacing for memory and
I/O. Applications of Micro-processors in power system.

Types of modulation; AM, FM and PM. Demodulators. Noise and bandwidth considerations. Digital communication
systems. Pulse code modulation and demodulation. Elements of sound and vision broadcasting. Carrier communication.
Frequency division and time division multiplexing, Telemetry system in power engineering.

Power Semiconductor devices. Thyristor. Power transistor, GTOs and MOSFETS. Characteristics and operation. AC to
DC Converters; 1-phase and 3-phase DC to DC Converters; AC regulators. Thyristor controlled reactors; switched
capacitor networks.
Inverters; single-phase and 3-phase. Pulse width modulation. Sinusoidal modulation with uniform sampling. Switched
mode power supplies.