Iden%fying  a  Sea  Breeze  Circula%on  

Pa6ern  Using  In  Situ  Carbon  
Dioxide  and  Wind  Direc%on  Data    
Allison  Brannan  

Florida  State  University  
NASA  SARP  2014  
Advisor:  Dr.  Timothy  Bertram  
Mentor:  Steven  Schill  

Mo%va%on  
•  Observed  from  the  
AVOCET  instrument  
during  the  flights  
–  Extremely  high  CO2  
concentraLon  during  the  
enLre  missed  approach  
at  Ontario  
–  The  highest  CO2  
concentraLon  was  over  
Long  Beach  

Loca%on  

Sea  Breeze  Circula%on  

University  Center  for  Atmospheric  Research  
hPp://www.meted.ucar.edu/mesoprim/seabreez/index.htm  

Finding  a  Tracer  
•  Carbon  Dioxide  
–  Chemically  inert  atmospheric  consLtuent    
–  Conserved  trace  gas  
–  Atmospheric  contaminant  produced  through  the  
combusLon  of  fossil  fuels  

Objec%ves  
•  Determine  if  carbon  dioxide  can  be  used  to  
trace  the  sea  breeze  circulaLon  in  the  LA  Basin  
•  Examine  meteorological  models  to  discover  if  
they  can  detect  the  sea  breeze  return  flow  

High  CO2AVOCET  
 AloI  Over  
ong  Beach  
DLata  

Could  This  Be  from  a  Jet  Plume?  

HYSPLIT  
Showing  
   
HYSPLIT  
Not  
Capturing  
Low  
Al%tude  
Sea  
Breeze  
Return  
Flow  
AloI  
NOAA  HYSPLIT  MODEL  
Backward  
Forward  TTrajectories  
rajectories  
DesLnaLon:  
Source:  
Source:  
Long  
OLong  
ntario  
Beach  
Beach  
32.8267°N  
34.055°N  
33.82°N  ,  ,-­‐  ,-­‐  118.153°W  
-­‐117.542°W  
118.235°W  
High  
Low  AlLtude  
Height:  
Height:  
760  3m
 m  (  ≈2500  
AMSL   b)  

Highest  ResoluLon:  NAM  12  km  

GFS  Not  Detec%ng    
Return  Flow  at  2500  I  

Horizontal Resolution: 55 km

ARW  Showing    
Low  Al%tude  Sea  Breeze  

Horizontal Resolution: 4 km

ARW  Not  Detec%ng    
Return  Flow  at  2500  I  

Horizontal Resolution: 4 km

Observed  Winds  Showing    
Sea  Breeze  Circula%on  

Carbon Dioxide Concentration (ppmv)

Conclusions  
•  Carbon  dioxide  can  be  used  to  trace  the  sea  
breeze  circulaLon  paPern  of  the  Los  Angeles  
Basin    
•  Models  can  spot  the  low  alLtude  sea  breeze  flow  
but  they  are  unsuccessful  in  detecLng  the  return  
flow  at  higher  alLtude  
•  Future  Work:    
–  ValidaLng  the  carbon  dioxide  data  with  ground  and  
satellite  measurements  
–  Finding  the  locaLon  that  the  air  containing  carbon  
dioxide  sinks  over  the  ocean  

Acknowledgements  

• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

B-­‐Team  and  Fellow  SARPians  
Timothy  Bertram  &  Steve  Schill  
Jessica  Sagona  
Emily  Schaller  &  Rick  ShePer  
Nick  Heath  &  Sean  Freeman  
Melissa  Yang  

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