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!

!
!!!

!!!!!!

!!!

= !

, ! =

!!
!!! !

, !!! =

!!!
!.!!!!! !!

, ! =

Longitudinal (, , , , ) Page 542

!
!.!!!!! !

, ! =

!!!"#$
!.!!!!! !

Short Period (, q):



!!" !!

! =

!! !!!!

!!"
!!!!

, =

!
!
! !" ! ! !!" !!!!
!!

!!!!

!!!

Page 551


!" = !" ! lift-curve slope ,!" = !",! + ! ! ! 1
! = CG to aerody. center of tail. Page 397. !! = 2! ! !

Phugoid (u, ):

!
! =
!" !" , =
!!

!!"
!!! !!

!"
!"

!"

!!

!"

! ! from 168 to 203, !" = 2! ! !

!!
!

Page 403.

Page 553

!" = ! sin ! theta=0 for level flight , !" = 2! !" , CLu is zero for low subsonic . !" = 2! !" CDu is 0
unless transonic flight.

Lateral (, , , , , , ) Page 569

!
!!!
!!!
! =
, !!! =
, !!! =

!
!
!!!

!.!!!! !"

!.!!!! !"

Roll subsidence (p): Always Stable



!"## =

!!" !!
!!!!

Page 577

!" - Mainly contribution from the wing, Page 408 412 (4.576) and (4.579).

Spiral Mode (r)

!
!"#$%& = ! !" !" !" !" page 580
!!!!

!! - Lateral stability, page 296. !" - Directional stability, page 262. !" - Page 417-419 (4.620) and (4.630) , !"
Page 415-417 (4.612) and (4.618)

Dutch Roll (, r)

! =

!
!!!!

(!" !" ! + !" ! ! !" , =

!!"

!!!

!!

Doing the relative sizes analysis, we can see that: ! =

!!"
!!!!

!! !!"
!!!!

Page 579


States
X, Y
Z



u


p
q
r

Description
Range/cross range control
Altitude controller
Roll angle controller
Pitch angle controller
Yaw angle controller
Speed Controller
Side Slip Controller
AOA Controller
Roll Rate damper
Pitch rate damper
Yaw rate damper

Control
! , !
!
!
!
! , !
! , T
! , !
!
!
!
!


To move the dynamics back, and keep SS error add a proportional term. Proportional-Derevative: When original
dynamics need modifying. Lead-Lag: Can yield almost the same results as PI and PD.