Carausius spinosus

order: suborder: family: subfamily: tribus: genus: species: Phasmatodea Anareolatae Diapheromeridae Lonchodinae Lonchodini

Carausius

(Stål, 1875)

Carausius spinosus (Brunner v. Wattenwil, Kirby, 1907)

origin:
• I received eggs from Kai Schütte (Hamburg, Germany), who collected them in the Tapah Hills (Malaysia) in March 2007 (half way up from Tapah to Tanah Rata, Cameroon Highlands).

females:
• • • • • • • • • • quite large, sturdy insects, up to 15 cm long pic wingless head without horns, insted they sport a foreward pointed ridge across the fore head (where often horns are in other species) forelegs are strongly broadened antennae as long as fore legs colouration: different brown shades. At night colouration becomes a reddish brown and underside of thorax is reddish pic1 pic2 a black spot on each side of the mesothorax at the joint of the mid legs, and two black spots ventrally on the 7 th abdomial segment (distally) fine granulation all over the body inside of the midleg's femur reddish attention – they loose legs quite easily when handled roughly

males:
• • • • • • • • • slim insects, 9-10 cm long wingless head with two small, blunt, forward pointed horns forelegs also broadened, but not as much as in the females antennae almost as long as fore legs colouration of body and legs: many, irregularely arranged and shaped dark brown spots on lighter brown, these spots are lesser on the dorsal part of the body pic inside of midleg's femur reddish their abdomen ends in a strongly pronounced, pincer-like ending pic males, especially young ones, often hang down freely from their food plants, just hold to the plant with their hind legs pic

eggs:
• round, dark brown, surface is strongly granulated, well developed operculum pic1 pic2

size 3mm long, 2,5 mm broad

breeding notes:
• • • • • • • • incubation of the eggs on damp sand – with springtails to prevent growth of mould incubation at room temperature (18-22 °C) takes about 4 months nymphs take easily to bramble, cut edges of leaves for the newly hatched nymphs keep the nymphs in quite humid atmosphere, yet provied them with a good air ventilation I do not spray the nymphs with water, there is just a damp paper tissue on the cage bottom which is being changed every week male become adult after about 3 months, females after about 4 months females start laying eggs about 3 weeks after their final moult, they lay 20 – 25 eggs per week both males and females are great at feigning death, playing a dead twig during the day and also when you handle them pic1

If you have any questions then do not hesitat to contact me - I will try my best to help And I would be happy to hear from you about your experiences Bruno Kneubühler (Switzerland) gopala@bluewin.ch phasmid@bluewin.ch http://www.phasmatodea.blogspot.com

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