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Unit 1 Objectives: The World

Chapter 1- How Geographers Look at the World


Section 1- Exploring Geography
1. Describe the physical and human features that geographers study.
2. Explain how geographers describe the earths features and their
patterns.
3. Discuss how geography is used.
Section 2- The Geographers Craft
1. Identify the major branches of geography and the topics each branch
studies.
2. Describe the research methods geographers use.
3. Discuss the relationship of geography to other subject areas.
4. List the kinds of geographic careers that are available today.
Chapter 2- The Earth
Section 1- Planet Earth
1. Describe the solar system and the Earths location in it.
2. Identify Earths shape.
3. Discuss Earths structure.
4. List Earths landforms.
Section2- Forces of Change
1. Explain how Earths layers contribute to the planets physical
characteristics.
2. Describe the internal forces of change that affect Earths surface.
3. Describe the external forces that affect Earths surface.
Section 3- Earths Water
1. Explain how the amount of water on Earth remains fairly constant.
2. Discuss the distribution of water that makes up 70% of Earths
surface.
3. Describe why freshwater is important to humans.
Chapter 3- Climates of the Earth
Section 1- Earth- Sun Relationship
1. Describe how Earths position in relation to the sun affects
temperatures on Earth.
2. Explain how Earths rotation causes day and night.
3. Discuss the relationship of Earth to the Sun during each season.
4. Identify how global warming might affect Earths air, land, and water.
Section 2- Factors Affecting Climate
1. Discuss how latitude ad elevation affect climate.
2. Describe the role wind patterns and ocean currents play in Earths
climates.
3. Explain how landforms and climate patterns influence each other.


Section 3- World Climate Patterns
1. Identify the climate regions of the world.
2. Describe each climate regions characteristic vegetation.
3. Explain how recurring phenomena influence climate patterns.
Chapter 4- The Human World
Section 1- World Population
1. List the factors that influence population growth.
2. Identify the challenges that population growth poses for the planet.
3. Explain why the worlds population is unevenly distributed.
Section 2- Global Cultures
1. Identify the factors that define a culture.
2. Describe the major culture regions of the world.
3. Discuss the developments that have affected interaction between
cultures in recent years.
Section 3- Political and Economic Systems
1. Identify the levels of government.
2. Describe the major types of government in the world today.
3. Discuss the major types of economic systems in the world.
Section 4- Resources, Trade, and the Environment
1. Describe the types of energy most likely to be used in the future.
2. Identify the factors that determine a countrys economic development
and trade relationships.
3. Discuss how human economic activities affect the environment.