Name: ___________________________________ Date: ____________ Health: ________

Persuasive Writing Planning
Mrs. Morin
A persuasive essay or speech is best when…
 The position or opinion is very clear to the reader/listener;
 Your tone and word choice is appropriate for your audience;
 The position is supported by premises (well-reasoned statements or facts);
 Each premise is supported by facts and logical statements;
 pposite or contradictory opinions are refuted with facts and lo!ical
statements; and"
 The audience has no lo!ical choice but to respect and hopefully a!ree with
your position#
A persuasive essay or speech should follow a format similar to this outline$
I. Introduction (%-& para!raphs" dependin! on amount of bac'!round info)
a# Attention !etter and transition into bac'!round information
b# (tate all the bac'!round)description of situation/issues" factual
information" etc#
c# (tate your position(s)
II. First Premise
a# *learly state premise
b# (tate supportin! facts and reasons)with references if needed
III. Second Premise
a# *learly state premise
b# (tate supportin! facts and reasons)with references if needed
IV. Disproof for opponents potential arguments (counterarguments)
a# *learly state potential premises of opponents
b# (tate facts and reasons)with references if needed)to disprove
counterar!uments
V. Continue (II through IV) for each premise or criticism of
opponents
(sections II-V can be grouped in any way that is logical and organized)
VI. Conclusion
a# + new information
b# ,estate position in new words and summari-e 'ey points very concisely
____________________________________________________________________________________
1. Research. What is the background information of this issue? (Don’t forget references.)
Define and explain the disease(s), concept, or problem.
• If diseases involved, eplain cause, s!mptoms, statistics, historical perspective, treatments,
prognosis, prevention, and public health impact.
• If an issue (such as antibiotic drug resistance or vaccine programs), eplain diseases
involved, statistics, historical perspective, and public health impact.
• "or all, consider the emotional, ph!sical, and economic toll on individuals, communities, and
nations.
What can be done to improve public health in relation to your assigned topic?
#. What is !our opinion about this issue? (1 strong sentence)
What do you think can and should be done to improve public health in relation to your
assigned topic? How should it realistically be done?
$rgani%e !our proof&
 What is !our first premise (the ma'or reason for !our opinion)? (ist #)* facts or logical
statements that support !our first premise.
 What is !our second premise? (ist #)* facts or logical statements that support it.
 Repeat for an! other premises !ou have.
"irst +remise&
,upporting facts or logic&
,econd +remise&
,upporting facts or logic&
-ore +remises&
,upporting facts or logic&
*. What is.are the opposing opinion(s)? (ist facts.logic to sho/ that those opinions are /eak or /rong.
0. Who is !our audience? Whom do !ou /ant to convince? What kind of tone. /ords should !ou use?