Fishing Grounds of the Gulf 1 10

Apparently there is no reason why this ought not to be an all-the-season fishing ground, but it seems
never to be stopped at much in the wintertime. It furnishes, even so, a very good summer season
handline fishery for cod at dogfish time, and in the spring weeks it abounds in cod, cusk, and hake,
all fish of large size.
Roseway Bank. This bank is N. of your western element of La Have and SE. of Shelbourne Light,
Nova Scotia: 31 miles SSE. from the whistling buoy away Lockport, Nova Scotia, on the southeastern
edge. It is oblong in shape as well as small magnitude--about 270 square geographic miles. Its
greatest span is 21 miles and its greatest breadth 15 miles. It expands from 43? 12' to 43? 33' north
latitude, and from 64? 25' to 64? 52' western side longitude as well as the northwest corner is
connected with the shore limit of 60 fathoms by way of a narrow neck area. Depths come from 33 to
48 fathoms. The bottom is ofgravel and sand, and rocks; on the Northeast Peak the bottom is of
discolored mud and gravel.
The power and course of both are much relying on the wind, although currents in this region will not
be nearly so strong as about Cape Browns and Sable Bank, their general direction being WSW. and
ENE the westerly much the stronger.
The main fish taken listed below arehaddock and cod, and cusk, but hake, pollock and halibut occur,
the best fishing months getting from May possibly to October, when the bank is resorted to by craft
from western Nova Scotia. A few New Great britain craft also minn kota parts here.
Los angeles Have Lender. Situated eastward of Browns Bank and S. and E. of Roseway Bank. It
extends from 42? 34' to 43? 26' to the north latitude a distance of 52 a long way, and from 63? 50' to
65? 07' west longitude a distance around 54 miles. The bank is nearly divided into two portions, of
which the eastern (La Have Bank correct) extends N and S. 39 a long way and the western portion
almost E. and W. about 35 mls. The total area of the bank is about 1,200 miles.
The base is largely coarsegravel and pebbles, and rock, with smaller sized areas of sand distributed
occasionally. Depths operate from 40 to 50 fathoms. This really is much affected by the pressure and
direction of the wind flow and is typically quite powerful during easterly blows, even though the
general group of the currents is to the westward.
The primary minn kota pieces upon this bank in past times has been for haddock and cod: and while
previous reports, (1881) speak of this as experiencing once been a favorite minn kota parts terrain
for halibut and suggest that it was not at time of much importance in this fishery, the figures for this
ground for your year 1923 show the halibut find to have been third in volume and first in value of the
species used there. Actually, the catch of halibut here makes quite an imposing physique when the
relatively small scale of the ground is known as.
Little Los angeles Have as well as the La Have Ridges are merely continuations on this back to the
American Bank for any distance of approximately 45 mls. This places the eastern limit in about 62?
50' west longitude, the northern and the southern area of boundaries being about as those of La
Have Financial institution. The area of the ridges is approximately 1,575 miles. The base here is a
succession of ridges of gravel and pebbles with occasional spots of rocks. Depths are from 53 to 80
fathoms. The current, occasionally strong, is weaker right here than further W. about the bank and,
except while in easterly wind, is but little discovered. The general set up is westerly.
"The Ridges" says the report before mentioned, "were for a number of years among the favorite
resort hotels for halibut catchers in the winter months, and many very good catches of cod were
taken right here at that year. At present but few halibut are captured except from the deep normal
water along the the southern area of edge of the soil, where they sometimes have been discovered
quite plentiful during virtually the entire 12 months." Seemingly there has not been much
alternation in these problems since the writer's time; sea food are most often present here In about
the same volumes as in previous years.
1 piece of bottom part, having depths of 25 to 50 fathoms more than red clay, lying about in 43? 08'
to 43? 10' north latitude and about 81? to 83? west longitude, seems an excellent spring and early
summer time ground. Seemingly red-clay base indicates a great halibut terrain, as this species is
usually present where this type of bottom is available.
Hake are located in very good numbers from the deep normal water about the ends of the floor and
even around the Ridges.
These waters can be heavily fished from Canadian ports, as well as a fair variety of American vessels
visit them each year, the majority of them hailing from Boston or Gloucester.
Scandinavian Bank. Eighteen miles SSW. from Shelbourne Light. Nova Scotia. It really is about 3
miles extended in an E. and W. direction by about ? distance wide. On the whole, the bottom is level,
with depths from 50 to 70 fathoms; the shoal parts are sharp and rocky, the bottom on the deeper
servings being made up mostly of small black colored and discolored pebbles.
This can be a summer halibut ground (July and August) in depths from 45 to 60 fathoms, and halibut
occur in October in the further waters about this. It is also a reasonable summer cod ground, and
cusk exist in the deep water about the edges while in most of the season. In conditions, species and
general are generally as on Roseway.
European Bank. This is one of the most significant minn kota components grounds from the western
Atlantic, whether as regards sizing or the abundance of its merchandise. It is situated S. of Cape
Breton Island as well as the eastern a part of Nova Scotia between the parallels of 42? 55' and 44?
46' north latitude along with the meridians of 59? 04' and 62? 35' west longitude. It has a time
period of 156 miles and a breadth, including the Midst Ground, of 76 miles. It is about 420 a long
way E. ? S. from Boston to the southwestern edge, which suggests about 48 hours' steaming for the
otter-trawl fleet.
The general contour of your bank within the 65-fathom collection, as placed down on the Admiralty
graph, approaches somewhat a very elongated ellipse, the more axis working NE. by E. and SW. by
W.; but over a broad area to eastward of the center of the bank, soundings of less than 50 fathoms
connect it directly with all the Middle Floor, which we certainly have here in the some bank. The
total extent of the bank thus described is about 7,000 sq . geographical kilometers. Off its eastern
finish lies Banquereau (the Quereau of the anglers) with The Gully between, and a short range of the
american edge are the La Have Ridges.
The depths from the southern side of the bank raise rapidly from 80 to1 and 700,200, as well as
1,400 fathoms. At the eastern end is Sable Island, [16] "graveyard of ships", along and narrow,
crescent-shaped elevation seemingly reducing in region each year, created entirely of sand that has
been blown Into innumerable dunes and hummocks. Away both ends of the tropical isle are
dangerous and long yellow sand bars. The duration of the island is 20 a long way; its very best width
is approximately 1? miles. It is said the Northwest Gentle has been shifted three times mainly
because that the american end in the island continues to be literally mesmerised. It is in an E. and
W. direction, along with the depth water over the pubs for a distance of 7 to 10 miles out does not go
over 2 fathoms, and even 10 miles a greater distance out the depths do not go beyond 10 to 11
fathoms. Within recent times fishermen have reported the appearance of a fine sand shoal about 5 or
6 a long way SE. from the Northeast Lighting. This is said to appear at low drinking water.
In general, your budget slopes S. and W. from the island, depths including 18 to 60 fathoms. The
bottom is generally sandy with patches of pebbles and pea gravel. Currents are often very strong
about Sable Island and are relatively irregular; obviously they are much influenced by the winds. On
the other parts in the bank typically there is but little current, whatever there is certainly usually
tending toward the west.
Previously the cod and halibut were the meal fishes most taken on this page, but with the changed
strategies in the fishery (as the expansion of the otter-trawl fleet) plus a changed taste in our
community the haddock catch has become the second most essential in the statements of minn kota
parts from these waters. The halibut fishery stands thirdly in the collection. Other bottom feeders
happen in less amounts, the pollock and the cusk perhaps being next in order of value, with hake
and a great deal of the various flatfishes in the otter trawls. These latter are marketed as sole.
Mentioning the tiny amount of haddock within the fares removed from these waters in former years,
the author asked numerous old-time fishermen as to its abundance in the old days. The response was
normally yes and Oh, there were always haddock there; sometimes they worried us a whole lot."
Then, noting my surprise at so getting it, "You know, the haddock isn't much like a salt minn kota
parts."
Not so valuable proportionately, though it will be noted that in 1923 the haddock catch in this article
was an excellent second on the cod catch in poundage. In the otter-trawl catch using this ground it
will be noted that this positions of the two species are reversed. Generally speaking, these steamers
certainly take more than 2 pounds of haddock to 1 of cod on other overseas grounds--maybe the
result of operating in the shoaler waters and so on the better bottom because of the difficulty of
dragging across the rocky and kelp-covered floor, which the cod seems to like. If it is so desired,
nevertheless the bottom on the Western Banking institution is of these nature concerning offer tiny
obstruction on the passage of the net, in order that virtually all parts of it may be fished by this
strategy; and this, included in the recognized movements from the cod educational institutions
makes it achievable at particular seasons of year to catch a more substantial proportion of this
species.
Haddock are found in regards to the bars at both comes to an end of the tropical island in March and
from that time to about June 1 in from 15 to 22 fathoms. They are also plentiful 18 mls W. in the
Northwest Gentle at the exact same seasons as well as at the same depths. DuringApr and May, and
June they come in near to the island in from 10 to 17 fathoms--even going to 1 fathom. Through the
remainder of the year (except for the colder months, when they have moved away from into much
deeper water) they could be found throughout the bank on sandy bottom in 28 to 30 fathoms, in
which most of the beam trawl sport fishing is carried on.
There is a good cod school annually on the comparatively level bottom part along the european and
southwestern corners of the floor in 70 fathoms and much more from Feb 1 to May 1, and in most
years some this kinds is adopted this area. In May this school may have moved on to a piece of
underside about 20 miles very long lying SW. from the Northwest Light and achieving depths
averaging 27 fathoms. With reasonable minn kota parts for cod on the European Bank in the course
of most of the calendar year, they seem to be most abundant from your first of March to June.
Apparently this species visits this floor in sizeable numbers through the spawning period, though the
winter school on this page appears to be smaller than that on Georges. In the wintertime the cod are
mainly identified upon the western portion of the bank, stepping into the shoaler waters towards
Sable Isle as the springtime advances (while in March and April), the "Flex" of the island and also
the neighborhood from the bars in 2 to 4 fathoms, where they could be seen taking the hook or can
be "jigged." being favored grounds. The ground lying W. from the North west about, on and Light
the Northwest Bar (18 miles W, from the lighting), is a preferred cod ground in Could and June. The
shoal water within the rocky underside WNW from your Northwest Lighting furnishes great cod
minn kota parts from June 10 to July 1. This piece will begin just outside of the 3-mile stretch out of
breakers running out of the land and extends offshore in a usually westerly path to 24 fathoms.
Significantly hand-lining is done here.
Within the shoal water, in April and May, the fish seem to be providing on the "lant," (Ammodytes
americanus). It is said that this fish taken at the base close to the tropical isle are smaller than those
identified farther western side. The shoal water in the northern shore of the tropical island is said to
have good cod grounds and favorite locations for "dory palm-upholster." The cod educational
institutions seem to show up on the North Peak (SE. from the Northeast Light 40 miles to SE ? S.
from same point 28 miles) in late March and also the first of April, relocating N. and W. towards the
island. The cod of Sable Island are reported to be fine, business fish, perhaps because of the
abundance in the "reddish clams" (bank clams) on these grounds.
The haddock and cod fishery is carried on by American and Canadian sailing otter and vessels
trawlers, a lot more English and French vessels of the second option class performing the fishery of
this floor each year.
Halibut are found on the Western Banking institution virtually all the season at depths varying with
all the seasons. This, with The Gully and Quereau--in fact, all one part of ground--rates second only
to the Grand Bank By itself, as a halibut bank. The best fishing here for halibut is found from January
to October. There are many places about and on the lender that the halibut seems to prefer, as the
Top of Pike, 85 kilometers W. by S. in the Northwest Light-weight of Sable Island; S. and SW. of
Sable Island from 12 to 38 kilometers; SW. 20 miles in 60 fathoms in Might; thence out into 100 and
150 fathoms in June; in fact, following the 100--fathom curve along the edge of this bank, beyond the
Northeast Optimum (40 a long way SE. in the Northeast Lighting), into the Gully and around the The
southern area of Prong of Quereau for the Middle Prong. Apparently they leave this piece of base in
July. Where the drinking water is so shoal that they can be seen taking the lure or playing with the
catch before taking, most of the fish are near the island early in the year. InApr and May, and June a
good halibut ground is within 18 fathoms 24 kilometers WNW. from Sable Tropical isle.
The Western Bank is apparently a good giving ground both for cod and halibut mainly because it
abounds in shellfish and crustaceans, and also at certain periods there are many more compact
species of sea food upon it, including the lant and herring, where these types and the haddock, also,
specially prey. A great deal of swordfish is taken in August and September, mainly by American
vessels.
Banquereau. Segregated from the Western Bank with the Gully, this has a very unnatural form--the
principle bank around rectangular, having a narrow westerly extension of comparatively standard
form. Its length, E. and W., is about 120 miles, its greatest width about 47 miles, as well as its total
place about 2,800 miles.
The primary portion of the financial institution lies between 44? 04' and 45? 01' north latitude and
67? 10' and 59? 00' western side longitude, and the western prolongation lies involving 44? 24' and
44? 42' north latitude and 69? 80 and 00'? 05' to the west longitude. In accordance with the places
from where measurements are taken, northern of Banquereau lies Artimon, distant 3 miles, and
Misaine, remote from 2 to 15 miles. The currents allow me to share of various force, much
influenced by the wind, in order that several days of strong tides may be accompanied by intervals
when there is little if any recent.
About the eastern part of Quereau is undoubtedly an area of shoal ground referred to as the Rocky
Underside, having a depth of about 18 fathoms; in other places depths manage from 18 to 50
fathoms. Most of the time the bottom is rocky, but there are dotted patches of sand and gravel.
Cod and halibut are the primary food fishes taken, hake and haddock and cusk being consumed
small figures. The Rocky Bottom, a shoal terrain of 20 to 25 fathom depths on the eastern part, was
much resorted to by dory handliners in summer. Occasional very good fares are taken towards the to
the west, even though the cod are most plentiful about the eastern section of the bank. The most
effective cod sportfishing about this bank is from May until finally September, if the schools collect
to feed on the lant, squid, crustaceans, and shellfish, then extremely abundant.
Halibut are found here all the year off the edges in 100 to 400 fathoms. Apparently these are
breeding and feeding reasons for this types, and it is not unusual for a school to stay for several
weeks and even months in one region, though many of these may be minn kota parts in migration
northward.
The principal halibut reasons are across the southern and eastern borders of your bank--the
Southwest Prong and the Southwest Cove (within 44? N. lat. and between 58? 30' and 58? 55' W.
long), the center Prong (44? 14' N. lat. and 58? W. long.), as well as the Eastern Slope (44? 28' to
45? 00' N. lat.)--in depths of 150 to 400 fathoms. These deep-water areas are rocky and support an
incredibly rich growth and development ofgorgonians and corals, sea anemones, etc. The Eastern
Slope has a good amount of bank clams in depths of 25 fathoms. These beds are excellent hand-line
reasons for cod. The halibut, too, rss feeds to a considerable extent on these reddish clams.
The Stone Fencing off the eastern slope of Quereau is a very rocky piece of ground loaded with
"trees" (corals) in 250 fathoms. This is a great halibut soil although it is nearly impossible to haul the
gear by hand and the usage of the "gurdy" (a curler turned with a fastened and crank to the dory's
bow for winding the trawl) will become necessary. Infrequent fares of halibut are taken about and on
the Rocky Underside in 20 to 25 fathoms from July 1 to August 1.
The Gully. This is basically the deep waterway between Banquereau and Sable Island or Western
Banking institution. It extends in an WNW. and an ESE. direction to the north of Sable Island,
converting somewhat suddenly S. at its eastern end and continuing straight down between the
eastern end of Western Bank and the Southwest Prong of Banquereau. The whole length is about 80
a long way, the greatest breadth about 20 miles. Depths range from 68 to 145 fathoms across a
bottom of rocks, yellow sand and gravel and soil. The rocky and gravelly portions kind several ridges
separated by areas of better materials, except in the eastern section, where intervals between are
mostly covered by pebbles and sharp rocks. Ocean currents are generally westerly, of different
strength, significantly affected by the easterly winds.
The Gully is a very crucial halibut terrain. The halibut are not found in great figures all over the
terrain, perhaps the best of the minn kota parts getting on the rocky and gravelly ski slopes and
ridges included in between the meridians of 69? and 80? to the west longitude. This rocky bottom
part is abundant in food, as well as the lant and herring are usually plentiful in their period. In the
spring the halibut seem to be especially quite a few in the northern and northwestern areas of the
bank, later, in June and July, moving further out. Some, are found within winter. As the cod might be
found in The Gully in 60 to 90 fathoms, it can not seem to be of standard occurrence; and apparently
there are actually almost no haddock here, possibly because of the range of the h2o and the the
outdoors of the bottom part.
Artimon Bank. Has an area of some 120 sq miles having a bottom of rocks and pea gravelrocks and
depths of 38 to 50 fathoms. It is but hidden because of the tendency of the anglers to use the
greater grounds close up at hand. Cod are known to be present in this article, however. The financial
institution lies N. of the eastern part of Quereau, separated as a result by a slim, deep-water
channel.
Misaine Financial institution. Lies N. of the european two-thirds of Quereau, at one location very
around, but in basic the banks are separated by some 20 miles of deep water. Its very best length is
80 kilometers and its greatest width 40 miles. Depths are from 40 to 60 fathoms across a bottom
damaged and rocky. It is not of great importance and importance as being a fishing ground, even
though a few halibut trips are landed as a result in most several years.
Canso Bank. A long, filter extension of Misaine Banking institution, lying inside an E, and W.
direction; its span is 45 miles along with its greatest width 13 miles, its place being about 425 sq .
miles. Depths range from 30 to 65 fathoms across a bottom of sand, with spots of gravel and
pebbles. More fished by vessels from Nova Scotia; maybe it is overshadowed by the existence of its
bigger neighbors, Quereau and Traditional western Banks, which grounds it forms practically one
component of bottom, only narrow, deep-normal water channels breaking up them, however it is not
of much importance as being a fishing ground, specially as judged by the use of it by the United
states fleet. These larger reasons are heavily fished equally by American vessels and through those
from Nova Scotia ports and also by French and The english language otter trawlers.
The figures given elsewhere and here in this particular report are taken from the published bulletins
of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, and include merely the landings of vessels of 5 lots net, or
higher, at the plug-ins of Boston and Glouscester, Mass., and Portland, Me.
[Dinner table 5--Sport fishing grounds of your offshore North Atlantic, displaying the principal types
taken after them]
[Footnote 16: "Pedro Reinel, a Portuguese pilot of great importance and fame" (Herrera) produced a
map in 1505 demonstrating Sable Isle, dreaded and feared by all fishermen even in those days,
exactly where he called it "Santa Cruz." Jacamo Gastaldi, an Italian cartographer, in 1548 shows it
"Isolla de Arena." Sir Humphrey Gilbert or his historian, says that the Portuguese had made an
interesting pay out here for shipwrecked mariners. This, "Upon intelligence we had of the Portugal
who had been himself present when the Portugals, above thirty years past (thus just before 1551) do
put with the island neat and swine to particular breed of dog, which were considering that
exceedingly increased."]
TABLES OF CATCH
[Table 6--Distance from Boston or Gloucester, Bulk., to the centre of certain of the more important
overseas banks]
[Kitchen table 7--Extended distance from Portland, Me., to the center of certain of the more essential
offshore banking institutions]
[Table 8--Landings by fishing vessels at Boston and Gloucester, Mass., and Portland, Me., from
inside or shoreline grounds, 1927]
[Table 9--Landings by fishing vessels at Gloucester and Boston, Mass., and Portland, Me., from the
exterior grounds of the Gulf of Maine, 1927]
[Table 10--Landings by minn kota pieces vessels at Boston and Gloucester, Mass., and Portland, Me.,
from the minn kota parts reasons of the Georges Bank location, 1927]
[Kitchen table 11--Landings by the otter-trawl fleet at Gloucester and Boston, Mass., and Portland,
Me., from the fishing reasons of the Georges Bank location, 1927]