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Activity 2.1.

4 Calculating Force Vectors


Answer Key
Introduction
If guy wires are used to stabilize a tower, what is the minimum number of wires
necessary? Imagine what would happen if you only used one or two wires. The guy
wires work together so that the tower does not fall in any direction. As long as there
are no external forces, each of the wires should be experiencing an equal amount of
tension. The tension in each guy wire can be expressed as a ector force. It is
important that alues are gien for each force so that engineers can make informed
decisions about the necessary strength of guy wires and their support mechanisms.
Equipment
!alculator
rocedure
In this actiity you will calculate force ectors.
". #hat is the magnitude of ector A?
!"
$. #hat is the direction of ector A relatie to the
negatie % axis?
#$%
&. #hat is the sense of ector A?
&own and to t'e rig't
'. (raw a free body diagram illustrating the ) and % components of ector A. (Solve
for component forces)
= = 2.5 N =
x
FA 5N sin30 3N
= = =
y
FA 5N cos30 4.33N 4N
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5. #hat is the magnitude of ector 6?
!"
7. #hat is the direction of ector 6 relatie
to the negatie % axis?
#$%
8. #hat is the sense of ector 6?
&own and to t'e le(t
"-. (raw a free body diagram illustrating the ) and % components of ector 6.
(Solve for component forces)
= = =
x
FB 5N sin30 2.5N 3N
= = =
y
FB 5N cos30 4.33N 4N
A picture is hung from a nail with wire. The nail supports two forces A 9 :; and 6 9 :;.
"". (raw a free body diagram illustrating the ) and % components of ector A and 6.
(Solve for component forces)
= = =
x
FB 5N sin30 2.5N 3N
= = =
y
FB 5N cos30 4.33N 4N
= = =
x
FA 5N sin30 2.5N 3N
= = =
y
FA 5N cos30 4.33N 4N
"$. !alculate the resultant force <2
=
> by summing the ) and % components of ectors
A and 6.
S2
)
9 2
A)
? 2
6)
S2
%
9 2
A%
? 2
6%
S2
)
) $ S2
%
9 *+ "
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An eye screw is experiencing two tension forces @ "--; and
A :-;.
"B. (raw a free body diagram illustrating the ) and %
components of ector @. (Solve for component forces)
= = =
x
FG 100N sin15 25.88N 30N
= = =
y
FG 100N cos15 96.59N 100N
":. (raw a free body diagram illustrating the ) and % components of ector A.
(Solve for component forces)
= = =
x
FH 50N cos20 46.98N 50N
= = =
y
FH 50N sin20 17.1N 20N
"'. !alculate the resultant force <2
=
> by summing the ) and % components of
ectors @ and A.
S2
)
9 2
@)
? 2
A)

4,.+- " . 2!.-- " ) /2.-, " ) /$ "
S2
%
9 2
@%
? 2
A%
1/.1 " . +,.!+ " ) 11#.,+ " ) 11$ "

Conclusion
". (escribe the relationship between force ectors and free body diagrams.
$. If you and someone else are pulling an ob+ect and both of you are $:C from the )
axis <see top iew below>, how could you reduce the amount of force each of you
must exert?
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*./ 0 1nit $ 0 Actiity $.".& 0 !alculating 2orce 3ectors Answer 4ey 0 *age B