11-22 I E S LIGHTING HANDBOOK

2. Shadows cast should look like those cast by the sun. In those cases
where a duplication of natural shadows cannot be effected, it is desirable
that shadows present an interesting pattern. They should not destroy
the basic form and depth of a building's architecture.
3. Walls and other flat surfaces should be illuminated to a level that will
reveal their texture and character.
4. A building should be integrated with the area about it by illuminating
sufficient surrounding area, in other words, a building shQuld not appear
suspended but rather oriented with adjacent grounds, slopes, stairs, plazas,
etc.
5. Floodlighting equipment should be inconspicuously located and should
not introduce glare in the field of view of persons normally observing the
building.
The location of building floodlights depends upon local conditions.
Ordinarily, four locations may be considered—on adjacent buildings, on
adjacent ground, on the building itself, or on ornamental street standards.
(See Fig. 11-16, also Fig. 8-3.)
Light spilled by improperly shielded and located floodlights mounted
on adjacent buildings may annoy the occupants of those buildings. Changes
in the adjacent buildings or in their ownership might necessitate a change
in the installation. The need for independent metering often is a handicap
to such an installation.
Floodlights located on the ground should be shielded with shrubs, bushes,
etc., to make them inconspicuous and to shield observers' eyes from glare.
Many buildings have niches or ledges or marquees that will adequately
accommodate floodlights. When these do not exist, it may be practicable
to construct special balconies, canopies, or troughs to house the equipment.
In the case of buildings with setback construction, floodlights may be
located on the parapet at each setback.
Ornamental floodlights or lanterns may be mounted on street standards.
These usually are equipped with two lamps—one lamp is used with an
adjustable reflector for floodlighting and the other lamp illuminates the
lantern and eliminates the black spot caused by the floodlighting reflector.
An ornamental lantern presents a better daytime appearance than the
ornamental floodlight but usually is limited in successful application to
buildings not over three or four stories high.
Illumination level. Adequate illumination for any building is given in
Table 1 1-10 for various surround brightnesses and building materials. Table
11-11 will be of assistance if color is to be used. If a building is located
in an area which normally is crowded, it sometimes is advisable to reduce
the brightness on the lower portion of the building to prevent possible
annoyance to pedestrian and motor traffic. In the case of very tall build-
ings, where it is desirable to have an appearance of even brightness distri-
bution over the entire surface, more illumination will be necessary on the
higher portions of the building. (See page 8-25 for design calculation
data.)