13-6

I E S LIGHTING HANDBOOK
facturer specified said beam shall be aimed on the car with respect to a vertical line
ahead of each lamp. Correction should be made for the difference between the dis-
tance from lamp to photometer and the distance from lamp to aiming screen specified
in the manufacturer's instructions.
Where conventional bulbs with two-pin bayonet bases are used, candlepower
tests shall be made with the light source at the designed positions and also in positions
0.060 inch above, below, ahead, or behind the designed position. If prefocused bulbs
are used, the limiting positions at which tests are conducted shall be 0.010 inch added
to the published tolerance of filament positioning for the prefocused bulbs used.
Each pair of head lamps shall be aimed only once for each position of the light
source.
Candlepower Requirements for Laboratory Test
Test Point Values
(Car one-half loaded. See Fig. 13-2)
CLEAR ROAD BEAM*
POSITION CPMIN POSITION CP MIN POSITION CP MIN
|U—IR and IL
iU-
3R and 3L
|U—6R and 6L
H—IR and IL
15,000
7,000
3,000
25,000
H—3R and 3L
H—6R and 6L
|D—IRand IL
|D—3R and 3L
10,000
4,000
15,000
7,000
|D—6R and 6L
ID—6R to 6L
ID—9R to 9L
2D—12R to 12L
3,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
MEETING BEAM»
POSITION CPMAX POSITION CP MAX POSITION CPMIN
1|U-4L
1|U—IL
JU-4L
1,000
2,000
2,000
IU-1L
|D—4L
|D—IL
4,000
4,000
7,000
2D-V
2D—9L
3D—12L
7,000
2,000
1,000
The maximum intensity of the beam at any point shall be 75,000 candlepower.
Sealed-Beam Headlamps for Motor Vehicles
Physical and Optical Requirements
These specifications apply only to the sealed-beam type of headlighting units.
They cover the requirements for interchangeability and photometric tests of sealed-
beam head-lamp units.
Sealed-beam, unit. An integral and indivisible optical assembly with the name
"sealed beam" branded on the lens.
Country or upper beam. A clear road beam intended for distant illumination and
for use on the open highway when not meeting other vehicles.
Traffic or lower beam. A beam low enough on the left to avoid glare in the eyes of
oncoming drivers and intended for use in congested areas and on highways when
meeting other vehicles within a distance of 500 feet.
Photometric Test
Photometric tests shall be made with the photometer at a distance of 60 feet from
the lamps. Units shall be operated at their rated voltage during the tests.
The country or upper beam shall have a sufficiently well defined high-intensity
area or hot spot to permit the aiming of both beams from the center of this area.
The upper beam from each lamp shall be aimed visually so that the zones of maxi-
mum intensity superimpose at the photometric test plate and so that the geometric
center of the zone of highest intensity falls 0.6 degree vertically below the photometer
axis.