TRANSPORTATION LIGHTING

13-11
Screen. Beams should be inspected for focus and aim, either on a screen at a dis-
tance of 25 feet ahead of the head-lamps or with inspection equipment which gives
essentially equivalent or more accurate results. If a screen is used, it should be of
adequate size with a mat white surface well shaded from extraneous light and used on
a flat level paved surface. Provisions should be made for moving the screen so that
it can be aligned parallel with the rear axle, and a horizontal line drawn perpendicular
from the center line of the screen will pass an equal distance between the two head-
lamps.
ADJUSTABLE
TAPES;
"-*-
VERTICAL
„- HORIZONTAL
^•DIAGRAM OF
LIGHT SCREEN
VERTICAL CENTER LINE
AHEAD OF RIGHT HEADLAMP
FIG. 13-5. Proper car position with respect to screen for headlighting inspection.
The screen should be provided with a fixed vertical center line and four laterally
adjustable vertical tapes and two vertically adjustable horizontal tapes as shown in
Fig. 13-5. The two movable horizontal tapes should be located on the screen at the
upper and lower limits called for in the specifications with reference to the plane on
which the vehicle rests, not the floor on which the screen rests. The four movable
vertical tapes should be located on the screen at the left and right limits called for in
the specifications with reference to center lines spaced to either side of the fixed cen-
ter line on the screen by the amount the lamps are to the left and right.
Note 1. Vehicles in use today are equipped with two distinct types of head-lamp
equipment—multiple- or selective-beam lamps and single- or fixed-beam lamps.
Single- or fixed-beam lighting generally is recognized as unsatisfactory because the
beams must be aimed low enough to avoid glare to oncoming drivers, and therefore
cannot give satisfactory illumination on the road.
Multiple-beam lighting includes a"traffic" or "meeting" or"passing" beam and an
"open road" or "driving" beam.
Note 2. The inspector should see that the driver understands how to use the mul-
tiple-beam head lamps so as to obtain the best road lighting with minimum glare to
other users of the highway.