Piping Systems Data Charts

RRP $10.00

OneSteel Trading Pty Limited
ABN 50 007 519 646

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Reverse side of Chart
OneSteel Trading Pty Limited
ABN 50 007 519 646

YOUR TOTAL PIPING PACKAGE
OneSteel is Australia’s largest distributor of Pipes, Pipe Fittings, Valves and associated accessories.
The OneSteel distribution network offers more than 100 outlets throughout Australia, comprising:
OneSteel Piping Systems
Capital cities and selected regional centres
OneSteel Fire Systems
Capital cities, specialising in fire and associated plumbing services
OneSteel Metaland
Regional Cities and towns in all states
This data chart is part of a comprehensive series of catalogues, brochures and data sheets which are provided to our customers and
associated industry groups.

VALVES
Types

• Gate • Globe • Check • Plug • Ball • Butterfly Diaphragm • Knifegate
• Regulating • Safety Relief • Pressure & Temperature Control • Actuators
• Accessories & Instrumentation • Strainers • Steam Equipment

Materials

• Brass • Bronze • Cast Iron • Ductile Iron • Stainless Steel • Alloy Steel • PVC
• Urethane Lined • Rubber Lined

Brands

• Turnflo • Kitz • Audco • Saunders • Emico • SRI • Bonney • Stockham
• Victaulic® • Neway • VAAS • Bettis • Elomatic

PIPE
Types

• Aust Standard Painted and Galvanized • Seamless Linepipe • ERW Linepipe
• SAW • Plain end • Threaded • Grooved • Shouldered

Materials

• Carbon Steel • Stainless Steel • Alloy Steel • Polyethylene • PVC

Brands

• OneSteel • Victaulic® • NSC • NKK • Seah • Sumitomo • lscor • Dalmine
• Vinidex • TPCO

Types

• Screwed BSP & NPT • Socket Weld • Buttweld Grooved • Shouldered
• Compression • Solvent Weld • Fusion Weld • Mech Tees

Materials

• Malleable Iron • Mild Steel • Carbon Steel • Stainless Steel • Alloy Steel • PVC
• CPVC • ABS • Polyethylene

Brands

• Victaulic® • Delcorte • Tube Fittings • Benkan • Awaji • Ulma • Interfit • TK Corp
• Mech • WNP

PIPE FITTINGS

FIRE SPECIALTIES
Types

• Hose Reels • Landing Valves • Hanging Gear • Strut Products • Backflow
Prevention Devices • Alarm Valves • Deluge Valves • Lock-open/closed Valves
• Threaded Rod • Sprinkler Heads & Access • Double ended Droppers • Profile
Sockets • Paps • H pattern Boosters • Fabricated piping products • Hardware &
Tools • Pressure Gauges • Rope • Soap, etc.

ACCESSORIES
Types

• Pipe Supports • Kamlocks • Hose Fittings • Gaskets • Bolts • Stud Bolts
• Thread Sealants • Pipe Coatings • Tape systems

Brands

• Erico • Denso • OME • Klinger

Types

• Pipe Cutting & Grooving • Coating and Lining • Valve monitoring • Valve
cataloguing • Vendor Inventory Management • E-Commerce • Project Supply
Management • Indent sourcing • Booster Assembly • Valve assemblies
• Tool and machine hire.

SERVICES

RRP $10.00

Piping Systems Data Charts

OneSteel provides the information contained in this data chart as a guide only for your information. OneSteel has taken reasonable care to ensure
the accuracy of the material but you should not rely on the whole or any part of the information. OneSteel expressly disclaims all liability whatsoever
for (including any direct or indirect loss or damage, costs or expenses howsoever incurred by any person) or reliance on the whole or any part of the
information contained in or omitted from this brochure. OneSteel recommends that you verify any information regarding products with your
independent expert adviser and rely solely on that adviser’s recommendations.
Notes on Metric Conversion Many international industry groups have retained imperial measurement as their standard unit of measure. In
metricating international standards we have rounded to nearest full units in certain cases. Should dimensional accuracy be critical to your
requirements we suggest that reference be made to the appropriate original standards.
Doc Ref 003 Feb 03

278mm

OneSteel-Chart Imposed

25/6/04

12:09 PM

Page 1

STEEL PIPES TO AMERICAN STANDARD ASME B36.10

NOMINAL WALL THICKNESS FOR WELDED & SEAMLESS STEEL PIPE
ASME B36.10
All dimensions are shown in millimetres

DN

NPS

mm

STANDARD

EXTRA
XX
STRONG STRONG

SCHED.
20

SCHED.
30

SCHED.
40

SCHED.
60

SCHED.
80

SCHED.
100

SCHED.
120

SCHED.
140

SCHED.
160

6

1/8

10.3

1.73

2.41

8

1/4

13.7

2.24

3.02

10

3/8

17.1

2.31

15

1/2

21.3

2.77

3.20

3.73

7.47

4.78

20

3/4

26.7

2.87

3.91

7.82

5.56

25

1

32

1-1/4

33.4

3.38

4.55

9.09

6.35

42.2

3.56

4.85

9.70

6.35

40

1-1/2

48.3

3.68

5.08

10.15

50

2

60.3

3.91

5.54

11.07

65

2-1/2

73.0

5.16

7.01

14.02

SAME AS STANDARD W.T. (Std. W.T.)

SCHED.
10

SAME AS EXTRA STRONG W.T. (X.S.)

OUTSIDE
DIAM.

NOMINAL
SIZE







7.14

8.74

9.53

80

3

88.9

5.49

7.62

15.24

90

3-1/2

101.6

5.74

8.08

100

4

114.3

6.02

8.56

17.12

125

5

141.3

6.55

9.53

19.05

150

6

168.3

7.11

10.97

21.95

200

8

219.1

8.18

12.70

22.23

6.35

7.04

10.31

250

10

273.1

9.27

12.70

25.40

6.35

7.80

XS

15.09

300

12

323.9

9.53

12.70

25.40

6.35

8.38

10.31

14.27

17.48

21.44

350

14

355.6

9.53

12.70

6.35

7.92

Std.W.T.

11.13

15.09

19.05

23.83

27.79

31.75

35.71

400

16

406.4

9.53

12.70

6.35

7.92

Std.W.T.

XS

16.66

21.44

26.19

30.96

36.53

40.49

450

18

457

9.53

12.70

6.35

7.92

11.13

14.27

19.05

23.83

29.36

34.93

39.67

45.24

500

20

508

9.53

12.70

6.35

Std.W.T.

XS

15.09

20.62

26.19

32.54

38.10

44.45

50.01

550

22

559

9.53

12.70

6.35

Std.W.T.

XS

22.23

28.58

34.93

41.28

47.63

53.98

600

24

610

9.53

12.70

6.35

Std.W.T.

14.27

17.48

24.61

30.96

38.89

46.02

52.37

59.54

650

26

660

9.53

12.70

7.92

XS

700

28

711

9.53

12.70

7.92

XS

15.88

750

30

762

9.53

12.70

7.92

XS

15.88

800

32

813

9.53

12.70

7.92

XS

15.88

17.48

850

34

864

9.53

12.70

7.92

XS

15.88

17.48

900

36

914

9.53

12.70

7.92

XS

15.88

19.05

1050

42

1067

9.53

12.70

11.13

11.13

13.49

12.70

15.88

14.27

18.26

15.09

18.26

20.62

23.01

18.26

21.44

XXS

28.58

XXS

28.58

33.32


Formula to attain approximate mass in kilograms per metre (kg/m) for Steel Round Pipe and Tubing
m = (D – t) t x 0.02466
Where,
m = mass to the nearest 0.01 kg/m
D = Outside Diameter in millimetres
(To nearest 0.1mm for OD up to 406.4mm)
(To nearest 1.0mm for OD 457mm and above)
t = Wall Thickness to nearest 0.01mm

EXAMPLE:

Nominal Size

Step 1.

323.9 – 9.53 = 314.37

DN300 NPS12

Step 2.

314.37 x 9.53 = 2995.9461

OD = 323.9mm

Step 3.

2995.9461 x 0.024 66

W.T. = 9.53mm

= 73.88kg/m

1

1

1
Steel Pipes to ASME B36.10

Stainless Steel Pipes to ASME B36.19

2

STAINLESS STEEL PIPES TO AMERICAN STANDARD ASME B36.19
2

2

NOMINAL WALL THICKNESS & INSIDE DIAMETER – millimetres

DN

OUTSIDE
DIAM.
mm

Wall
Thickness

Inside
Diameter

Wall
Thickness

Inside
Diameter

Wall
Thickness

Inside
Diameter

Wall
Thickness

Inside
Diameter

6

10.29

1.24

7.81

1.73

6.83

2.41

5.47

8

13.72

1.65

10.42

2.24

9.24

3.02

7.68

10

17.15

1.65

13.85

2.31

12.53

3.20

10.75

15

21.34

1.65

18.04

2.11

17.12

2.77

15.80

3.73

13.88

20

26.67

1.65

23.37

2.11

22.45

2.87

20.93

3.91

18.85

25

33.40

1.65

30.10

2.77

27.86

3.38

26.64

4.55

24.30

32

42.16

1.65

38.86

2.77

36.62

3.56

35.04

4.85

32.46

40

48.26

1.65

44.96

2.77

42.72

3.68

40.90

5.08

38.10

50

60.33

1.65

57.03

2.77

54.79

3.91

52.51

5.54

49.25

65

73.03

2.11

68.81

3.05

66.93

5.16

62.71

7.01

59.01

80

88.90

2.11

84.68

3.05

82.80

5.49

77.92

7.62

73.66

100

114.30

2.11

110.08

3.05

108.20

6.02

102.26

8.56

97.18

125

141.30

2.77

135.76

3.40

134.50

6.55

128.19

9.52

122.25

150

168.28

2.77

162.74

3.40

161.47

7.11

154.05

10.97

146.33

200

219.08

2.77

213.54

3.76

211.56

8.18

202.72

12.70

193.68

250

273.05

3.40

266.24

4.19

264.67

9.27

254.51

12.70*

247.65

300

323.85

3.96

315.93

4.57

314.71

9.52

304.08

12.70*

298.45

350

355.60

3.96

347.68

4.78

346.05

400

406.40

4.19

398.02

4.78

396.85

450

457.20

4.19

448.82

4.78

447.65

500

508.00

4.78

498.45

5.54

496.93

600

609.60

5.54

598.53

6.35

596.90

750

762.00

6.35

749.30

7.92

746.16

NOMINAL
SIZE

SCHEDULE 5S

SCHEDULE 10S

SCHEDULE 40S

SCHEDULE 80S

CARBON STEEL BUTTWELDING FITTINGS TO ASME B16.9, B16.28 & BS.1640
B16.9
LONG RADIUS WELDING ELBOWS, RETURN BENDS & CAPS

B16.28
SHORT RADIUS WELDING ELBOWS
& RETURN BENDS

B

K

E

A

V

D

B

A

A

45°°

90°°

D

A

Sch.
10

Sch.
20

Sch.
30

Std.
Wt.

15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
90
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
750
900

21.3
26.7
33.4
42.2
48.3
60.3
73.0
88.9
101.6
114.3
141.3
168.3
219.1
273.1
323.9
355.6
406.4
457
508
610
762
914
















6.35
6.35
6.35
6.35
6.35
7.92
7.92













6.35
6.35
6.35
7.92
7.92
7.92
9.53
9.53
12.70
12.70













7.04
7.80
8.38
9.53
9.53
11.13
12.70
14.27
15.88
15.88

2.77
2.87
3.38
3.56
3.68
3.91
5.16
5.49
5.74
6.02
6.55
7.11
8.18
9.27
9.53
9.53
9.53
9.53
9.53
9.53
9.53
9.53

Sch.
40

10.31
11.13
12.70
14.27
15.09
17.48

19.05

STRAIGHT TEES (B16.9)

Sch.
60

X
Stg.













10.31
12.70
14.27
15.09
16.66
19.05
20.62
24.61

3.73
3.91
4.55
4.85
5.08
5.54
7.01
7.62
8.08
8.56
9.53
10.97
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70

Sch.
100

Sch.
120

Sch.
140

Sch.
160













15.09
18.26
21.44
23.83
26.19
29.36
32.54
38.89










11.13
12.70
14.27
18.26
21.44
25.40
27.79
30.96
34.93
38.10
46.02













20.62
25.40
28.58
31.75
36.53
39.67
44.45
52.37

4.78
5.56
6.35
6.35
7.14
8.74
9.53
11.13

13.49
15.88
18.26
23.01
28.58
33.32
35.71
40.49
45.24
50.01
59.54

Sch.
80

SAME AS X. STG.

DN

15.09
17.48
19.05
21.44
23.83
26.19
30.96

X.X.
Stg.

REDUCING TEES (B16.9)

C

A

7.47
38
7.82
38
9.09
38
9.70
47.5
10.15
57
11.07
76
14.02
95
15.24 114
16.15 133
17.12 152
19.05 190
21.95 229
22.23 305
25.40 381
25.40 457
533

610

686

762

914

1143

1372

B

180°°

NOMINAL SIZE
DN
Large
Small
End
End
20
20
15
25
25
20
15
32
25
32
20
15
40
32
40
25
20
15
50
40
50
32
25
20
65
50
65
40
32
25
80
65
50
80
40
32
25
90
80
90
65
50
40

K

16
47.5
19
43
22
55.5
25.4
70
29
82.5
35
106
44.5 132
51
159
57
184
63.5 210
79
262
95
313
127
414
159
517
190
619
222
711
254
813
286
914
318
1016
381
1219
470
1524
565

E.
Nom.
Std.Wt. Size
&
Ex.Stg. DN

D

V


19
25.4
32
38
51
63.5
76
89
102
127
152
203
254
305
356
406
457
508
610
762
914


33
41
52
62
81
100
121
140
159
197
237
313
390
467
533
610
686
762
914
1143
1372

25.4
25.4
38.1
38.1
38.1
38.1
38.1
50.8
63.5
63.5
76.2
88.9
102
127
152
165
178
203
229
267
267
267

15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
90
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
750
900

CONCENTRIC & ECCENTRIC REDUCERS (B16.9)

M
H

C

D

D

90°°

WALL THICKNESS — MILLIMETRES (mm)

PIPE
OD
mm

SAME AS STD. WT.

Nom.
Size

180°°

C

C

C

M

H

28.6
28.6
38.1
38.1
38.1
47.6
47.6
47.6
47.6
57.2
57.2
57.2
57.2
57.2
63.5
63.5
63.5
63.5
63.5
76.2
76.2
76.2
76.2
76.2
85.7
85.7
85.7
85.7
85.7
85.7
95.3
95.3
95.3
95.3
95.3


28.6

38.1
38.1

47.6
47.6
47.6

57.2
57.2
57.2
57.2

60.3
57.2
50.8
44.5

69.9
66.7
63.5
57.2

82.6
76.2
73.0
69.9
66.9

92.1
88.9
82.6
79.4


38.1

50.8
50.8

50.8
50.8
50.8

63.5
63.5
63.5
63.5

76.2
76.2
76.2
76.2

88.9
88.9
88.9
88.9

88.9
88.9
88.9
88.9
88.9

102
102
102
102

NOMINAL SIZE
DN
Large
Small
End
End
100
90
80
100
65
50
40
125
100
90
125
80
65
50
150
125
100
150
90
80
65
200
150
125
200
100
80
250
200
250
150
125
100
300
250
300
200
150
100
350
300
350
250
200
150

H

C

C

M

H

105
105
105
105
105
105
124
124
124
124
124
124
143
143
143
143
143
143
178
178
178
178
178
216
216
216
216
216
254
254
254
254
254
279
279
279
279
279


102
98.4
95.3
88.9
85.7

117
114
111
108
105

137
130
127
124
121

168
162
155
152

203
194
191
184

241
229
219
210

270
257
248
238


102
102
102
102
102

127
127
127
127
127

140
140
140
140
140

152
152
152
152

178
178
178
178

203
203
203
203

330
330
330
330

NOMINAL SIZE
DN
Large
Small
End
End
400
350
300
400
250
200
150
450
400
350
450
300
250
200
500
450
400
500
350
300
250
200
600
500
450
600
400
350
300
250
750
600
750
500
450
400
900
750
900
600
500
450

C

M

H

305
305
305
305
305
305
343
343
343
343
343
343
381
381
381
381
381
381
381
432
432
432
432
432
432
432
559
559
559
559
559
673
673
673
673
673


305
295
283
273
264

330
330
321
308
298

368
356
356
346
333
324

432
419
406
406
397
384

533
508
495
483

635
610
584
572


356
356
356
356
356

381
381
381
381
381

508
508
508
508
508
508

508
508
508
508
508
508

610
610
610
610

610
610
610
610

NOTE: All dimensions are in millimetres — (mm)

3

3

3
Dimensions - Buttweld Fittings to ASME B16.9, B16.28

Flanges - Forged Steel to ASME B16.5

4

FLANGES TO AMERICAN STANDARDS
4

4
DN 15 to 600 are to ASME B16.5 (BS 1560). DN 750 & 900 are to BS 3293 for Slip-On & Weldneck only.

Threaded Flange

Welding Neck Flange

Dia.
of
Fig.

Thickness
of
Fig.
Min.

DN

O

C(1)*

15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
90
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
750
900

90
100
110
120
130
150
180
190
215
230
255
280
345
405
485
535
600
635
700
815
985
1170

11.5
13.0
14.5
16.0
17.5
19.5
22.5
24.0
24.0
24.0
24.0
25.5
29.0
30.5
32.0
35.0
37.0
40.0
43.0
48.0
54.0
60.3

Nominal
Size

PN20 (CLASS 150)
Length
Thru Hub
Dia.
Thrd.
SlipWeld
of
On
Neck
Bolt
Soc/
Circle
Weld
Y(1)*
Y(1)*

16
16
17
21
22
25
29
30
32
33
36
40
44
49
56
57
64
68
73
83
89
95

48
52
56
57
62
64
70
70
71
76
89
89
102
102
114
127
127
140
145
152
130.2
136.5

60.5
70.0
79.5
89.0
98.5
120.5
139.5
152.5
178.0
190.5
216.0
241.5
298.5
362.0
432.0
476.0
540.0
578.0
635.0
749.5
914.0
1086.0

Size

Dia.
of
Fig.

Thickness
of
Fig.
Min.

PN150 (CLASS 900)
Length
Thru Hub
Dia.
Weld
of
Thrd.
Neck
SlipBolt
On
Circle

DN

O

C(2)†

Y(2)†

Nominal

15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600

Dia.
of
Bolt
Holes

No.
of
Bolts

16
16
16
16
16
20
20
20
20
20
22
22
22
26
26
30
30
33
33
36
35
41

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
12
16
16
20
20
28
32

Dia.
of
Bolt
Holes

38.5
44.5
51.0
56.0
63.5
70.0
79.5
86.0
89.0
102.0
108.0
140.0

54
70
79
86
102
108
117
130
133
152
159
203

190.5
235.0
279.5
317.5
393.5
470.0
533.5
559.0
616.0
686.0
749.5
901.5

26
32
35
32
39
39
39
42
45
52
54
68

O

C(1)*

Socket Welding (DN 15 - 80)

PN50 (CLASS 300)
Length
Thru Hub
Thrd.
Dia.
SlipWeld
of
On
Neck
Bolt
Soc/
Circle
Weld
Y(1)*
Y(1)*

14.5
16.0
17.5
19.5
21.0
22.5
25.5
29.0
30.5
32.0
35.0
37.0
41.5
48.0
51.0
54.0
57.5
60.5
63.5
70.0
92.0
105.0

22
25
27
27
30
33
38
43
44
48
51
52
62
67
73
76
83
89
95
106
210
241

No.
of
Bolts

Dia.
of
Fig.

Thickness
of
Fig.
Min.

O

C(2)†

PN250 (CLASS 1500)
Length
Thru Hub
Dia.
Thrd.
SlipWeld
of
On
Neck
Bolt
Soc/
Circle
Weld
Y(2)†
Y(2)†

8
8
8
12
12
16
20
20
20
20
20
20

120
130
150
160
180
215
245
270
310
375
395
485
585
675
750
825
915
985
1170

22.5
25.5
29.0
29.0
32.0
38.5
41.5
48.0
54.0
73.5
83.0
92.0
108.0
124.0
133.5
146.5
162.0
178.0
203.5

Y(2)†

102
114
127
140
162
184
200
213
216
229
248
292

Dia.
of
Fig.

Thickness
of
Fig.
Min.

95
120
125
135
155
165
190
210
230
255
280
320
380
445
520
585
650
710
775
915
1090
1270

USE PN250 DIMENSIONS
IN THESE SIZES

240
295
350
380
470
545
610
640
705
785
855
1040

Slip-On Flange

32
35
41
41
44
57
64
73
90
105
119
143
159
181

52
57
62
65
68
70
76
79
81
86
98
98
111
117
130
143
146
159
162
168
210
241

60
70
73
73
83
102
105
118
124
155
171
213
254
283
298
311
327
356
406

Dia.
of
Bolt
Holes

No.
of
Bolts

16
20
20
20
22
20
22
22
22
22
22
22
26
30
33
33
36
36
36
42
48
54

4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
16
16
20
20
24
24
24
28
32

66.5
82.5
89.0
98.5
114.5
127.0
149.0
168.5
184.0
200.0
235.0
270.0
330.0
387.5
451.0
514.5
571.5
628.5
686.0
813.0
997.0
1168.0

Dia.
of
Fig.

Thickness
of
Fig.
Min.

O

C(2)†

95
120
125
135
155
165
190
210
230
275
330
355
420
510
560
605
685
745
815
940
1130
1315

14.5
16.0
17.5
21.0
22.5
26.5
29.0
32.0
35.0
38.5
44.5
48.0
55.5
63.5
66.5
70.0
76.5
83.0
89.0
102.0
114.0
124.0

Dia.
of
Bolt
Holes

No.
of
Bolts

Dia.
of
Fig.

Thickness
of
Fig.
Min.

O

C(2)†

22
22
26
26
30
26
30
33
36
42
39
45
52
56
60
68
76
80
94

4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
12
16
16
16
16
16
16

135
140
160
185
205
235
270
305
355
420
485
550
675
760

30.5
32.0
35.0
38.5
44.5
51.0
57.5
67.0
76.5
92.5
108.0
127.0
165.5
184.5

82.5
89.0
101.5
111.0
124.0
165.0
190.5
203.0
241.5
292.0
317.5
393.5
482.5
571.5
635.0
705.0
774.5
832.0
990.5

Blind Flanges up to DN600
(Above DN600 see notes below†)

PN100 (CLASS 600)
Length
Thru Hub
Dia.
Thrd.
Weld
Slipof
Neck
On
Bolt
Soc/
Circle
Weld
Y(2)†
Y(2)†
22
52
66.5
25
57
82.5
27
62
89.0
29
67
98.5
32
70
114.5
37
73
127.0
41
79
149.0
46
83
168.5
49
86
184.0
54
102
216.0
60
114
267.0
67
117
292.0
76
133
349.0
86
152
432.0
92
156
489.0
94
165
527.0
106
178
603.0
117
184
654.0
127
190
724.0
140
203
838.0
248
248
1022.0
283
283
1194.0
PN420 (CLASS
Length
Thru Hub
Thrd.
Weld
SlipNeck
On
Soc/
Weld
Y(2)†
Y(2)†
40
73
43
79
48
89
52
95
60
111
70
127
79
143
92
168
108
190
130
229
152
273
178
318
229
419
254
464

Dia.
of
Bolt
Holes

No.
of
Bolts

16
20
20
20
22
20
22
22
26
26
30
30
33
36
36
39
42
45
45
52
54
67

4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
16
20
20
20
20
24
24
28
28

Dia.
of
Bolt
Circle

Dia.
of
Bolt
Holes

No.
of
Bolts

89.0
95.0
108.0
130.0
146.0
171.5
197.0
228.5
273.0
324.0
368.5
438.0
539.5
619.0

22
22
26
30
33
30
33
36
42
48
56
56
68
76

4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
12

Nominal
Size
DN
15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
90
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
750
900

2500)

Nominal
Size
DN

15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600

All dimensions are shown in millimetres — mm

LARGE DIAMETER FLANGES ABOVE DN 600
† For Blind Flanges refer to MSS SP44.
BS 3293 covers Slip-On and Weldneck but excludes
Blind Flanges.
MSS SP44 covers Blind and Weldneck but excludes
Slip-On Flanges.
BS 3293 Weldneck PN20 flange thickness, C(1), is
less than MSS SP44 equivalents.
API - 605 Dimensions for Large Diameter Flanges
vary considerably from both BS 3293 and MSS SP44
— Details on request.

35
43
51
64
73
92
105
127
140
157
186
216
270
324
381
413
470
533
584
692
857
1022

15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
90
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
750
900

O.D.
of
PIPE
mm
21.3
26.7
33.4
42.2
48.3
60.3
73.0
88.9
101.6
114.3
141.3
168.3
219.1
273.1
323.9
355.6
406.4
457.0
508.0
610.0
762.0
914.0

APPROXIMATE WELDING NECK FLANGE BORES — mm
SCH.

SCH.

SCH.

STD.

SCH.

SCH.

EXT.

SCH.

SCH.

SCH.

SCH.

SCH.

X.X.

10

20

30

WT.

40

60

STG.

80

100

120

140

160

STG.

205.0
257.5
307.1
336.6
387.4
434.9
482.6
581.1
730.2
882.6

15.8
20.9
26.6
35.1
40.9
52.5
62.7
77.9
90.1
102.3
128.2
154.1
202.7
254.5
304.8
336.6
387.4
438.2
489.0
590.6
743.0
895.4

177.8
222.3
266.7
292.1
333.3
377.9
419.1
504.9

11.8
15.5
20.7
29.5
34.0
42.9
54.0
66.7
––
87.3
109.6
131.8
173.1
215.9
257.2
284.2
325.4
366.7
408.0
490.5

6.4
11.0
15.2
22.8
27.9
38.2
45.0
58.4
––
80.1
103.2
124.4
174.6
222.3
273.1

342.9
393.7
444.5
495.3
596.9
746.2
898.6

206.4
260.3
311.1
339.8
390.6
441.4
489.0
590.6
736.6
889.0

303.2
333.3
381.0
428.7
477.8
574.6
876.3

198.5
247.7
295.3
325.4
373.1
419.1
466.8
560.4

13.9
18.9
24.3
32.5
38.1
49.2
59.0
73.7
85.4
97.2
122.3
146.3
193.7
247.7
298.5
330.2
381.0
431.8
482.6
584.2
736.6
889.0

SAME AS EXT. STG.

Raised
NOMINAL
Face
Diam.
SIZE
All
Press.
Ratings
mm
DN

SAME AS STD. WT.

NOTES:
* 1. The 2mm Raised Face is included in thickness
C(1) and length through hub Y(1). This applies to
PN20 and PN50 Pressure Ratings.
† 2. The 7mm Raised Face is not included in thickness
C(2) and length through hub Y(2). PN100, 150, 250
and 420 Pressure Ratings are regularly furnished
with 7mm Raised Face which is additional to the
flange thickness C(2) and Y(2).
3. Always specify bore when ordering weldneck
flanges. Bore dimensions shown opposite also
provide inside pipe diameters.

242.9
288.9
317.5
363.5
409.5
455.6
547.7

188.9
236.5
281.0
307.9
354.0
398.5
442.9
531.8

92.1
115.9
139.7
182.6
230.2
273.1
300.0
344.5
387.4
431.8
517.6

BOLTING FOR ANSI FLANGES
BOLTING
To suit R.F. Flange sizes DN 15 to 600 to ASME — B16.5 (BS. 1560) and DN 750 & 900 to BS. 3293
L*

Diameter of Bolts is shown in inches. For nominal diameters 1 inch
and smaller, threads are U.N.C.; nominal diameters 1-1/8 inch and
larger threads are 8 U.N. (8 T.P.I.).
Length of Bolts (L) is shown in millimetres rounded to the nearest
5 mm. Stud Bolt lengths (L*) do not include the height of points.
Machine Bolt lengths (L) include the height of point. The length
shown includes the height of the Raised Face in all cases.

L

*Point Height

STUD BOLT WITH NUTS

PN20
(CLASS 150)

NOM

PN50
(CLASS 300)

L

FLGE
SIZE

MACHINE BOLT WITH NUT

No.

Dia.

PN100
(CLASS 600)

L

Stud Mach.

No.

Dia.

L

Stud Mach.

Bolts Bolts Bolts Bolts Bolts Bolts Bolts Bolts

DN
15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
90
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
750
900

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
12
16
16
20
20
28
32

ins.

mm

mm

1/ 2

60
65
65
70
70
80
90
90
90
90
90
100
110
115
120
130
135
150
160
175
190
215

45
50
55
55
60
65
75
75
75
75
80
85
90
95
100
110
115
125
135
145
160
180

1/ 2
1/ 2
1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8
5/ 8
5/ 8
5/ 8
3/ 4
3/ 4
3/ 4
7/ 8
7/ 8

1
1
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 4
11/ 4
11/ 2

4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
16
16
20
20
24
24
24
28
32

ins.

mm

mm

1/ 2

65
75
80
80
90
90
100
110
110
110
120
125
140
155
170
175
190
195
205
230
290
325

55
60
65
65
75
75
85
90
95
95
100
105
110
130
145
150
160
170
180
195
250
280

5/ 8
5/ 8
5/ 8
3/ 4
5/ 8
3/ 4
3/ 4
3/ 4
3/ 4
3/ 4
3/ 4
7/ 8

1
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 4
11/ 4
11/ 4
11/ 2
13/ 4
2

PN150
(CLASS 900)

No.

Dia.

Stud

PN250
(CLASS 1500)

PN420
(CLASS 2500)

NOM

L

L

FLGE

Stud

SIZE

L
No.

Dia.

Stud

No.

Dia.

Stud

Bolts Bolts Bolts Bolts Bolts Bolts Bolts Bolts Bolts

4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
16
20
20
20
20
24
24
28
28

ins.

mm

1/ 2

80
90
90
100
105
105
120
125
140
145
165
170
195
215
220
235
255
275
290
330
355
400

5/ 8
5/ 8
5/ 8
3/ 4
5/ 8
3/ 4
3/ 4
7/ 8
7/ 8

1
1
11/ 8
11/ 4
11/ 4
13/ 8
11/ 2
15/ 8
15/ 8
17/ 8
2
21/ 2

ins.

mm

USE PN250
DIMENSIONS IN
THESE SIZES
8

8
8
12
12
16
20
20
20
20
20
20

7/ 8


11/ 8
11/ 4
11/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
11/ 2
15/ 8
17/ 8
2
21/ 2

145

170
190
195
220
235
255
275
285
325
345
435

4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8

8
8
12
12
12
16
16
16
16
16
16

ins.

mm

3/ 4

105
115
125
125
140
145
160
180

195
250
260
290
335
375
405
445
495
540
615

3/ 4
7/ 8
7/ 8

1
7/ 8

1
11/ 8

11/ 4
11/ 2
13/ 8
15/ 8
17/ 8
2
21/ 4
21/ 2
23/ 4
3
31/ 2

No.

Dia.

Bolts Bolts Bolts

4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8

8
8
8
12
12
12

ins.

mm

DN

3/ 4

125
125
140
150
170
175
195
220

255
300
345
380
485
540

15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
90
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
750
900

3/ 4
7/ 8

1
11/ 8
1
11/ 8
11/ 4

11/ 2
1-3/ 4
2
2
21/ 2
23/ 4

PN150, 250 & 420 — Not listed in BS 3293

Raised Face height of 2 mm for PN20 & 50 and 7 mm for PN100, 150, 250 & 420 is included in dimension L (Bolt Length).

MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS
ASTM A193 Grade B7
Standard specification for alloy steel and stainless steel bolting materials for
high temperature service.

Inch/Metric Bolting
interchangeable for
ASME B16.5
flanges as below
FOR

USE

1/2”

M14
M16
M20
M24
M27
M30
M33
M36
M39
M42
M45
M48
M52
M56
M64
M72

5/8”
3/4”
7/8”

ASTM A194 Grade 2H
Standard specification for carbon and alloy steel nuts for bolts for high
pressure and high temperature service.

ASTM A320
Standard specification for alloy steel bolting materials for low temperature
service.
Grade L7 covers alloy steel stud bolts.
Grade L4 covers alloy steel nuts to suit Grade L7 stud bolts.

1”
11/8”
11/4”
13/8”
11/2”
15/8”
13/4”
17/8”
2”
21/4”
21/2”
23/4”

5

5

5
Bolts & Studs for use with ASME B16.5 Flanges

Mass of Fittings and Pipes to ASME Standards

6

STEEL PIPE, BUTTWELD FITTINGS & FLANGES TO ASME STANDARDS
6

6
ASME B36.10
STEEL PIPE DIMENSIONS
NOMINAL

PIPE

Outside
Diam.

Inside
Diam.

APPROXIMATE MASS OF POPULAR SIZES
PIPE

Identification

Steel
Pipe

SIZE
DN

mm

15

21.3

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

125

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

600

750

900

26.7

33.4

42.2

48.3

60.3

73.0

88.9

101.6

114.3

141.3

168.3

219.1

273.1

323.9

355.6

406.4

457

508

610

762

914

mm

Std.

Sch.

X.S.

No.

kg/m

BUTTWELD FITTINGS
90o
L/R
Elbows

Tees
Equal

kg/ea

kg/ea

Con. &
Ecc.
Red.
kg/ea

15.8

Std.

40

1.27

0.08

0.16

––

13.9

XS

80

1.62

0.10

0.21

––

20.9

Std.

40

1.69

0.08

0.21

0.07

18.9

XS

80

2.20

0.11

0.27

0.10

26.6

Std.

40

2.50

0.17

0.34

0.14

24.3

XS

80

3.24

0.21

0.43

0.18

35.1

Std.

40

3.39

0.28

0.64

0.18

32.5

XS

80

4.47

0.39

0.75

0.23

40.9

Std.

40

4.05

0.39

0.95

0.27

38.1

XS

80

5.41

0.50

1.13

0.32

52.5

Std.

40

5.44

0.68

1.45

0.41

49.2

XS

80

7.48

1.00

1.72

0.54

62.7

Std.

40

8.63

1.36

2.45

0.68

59.0

XS

80

11.41

1.82

2.95

0.91

77.9

Std.

40

11.29

2.18

3.45

0.91

73.7

XS

80

15.27

2.86

4.30

1.27

90.1

Std.

40

13.57

3.05

4.5

1.36

85.4

XS

80

18.63

4.1

5.9

1.81

102.3

Std.

40

16.07

4.2

5.7

1.59

97.2

XS

80

22.32

5.7

7.3

2.18

128.2

Std.

40

21.77

6.8

9.1

2.7

122.3

XS

80

30.97

10.0

11.8

3.8

154.1

Std.

40

28.26

10.9

13.6

3.9

146.3

XS

80

42.56

16.3

19.0

5.4

202.7

Std.

40

42.55

21.8

25

5.9

193.7

XS

80

64.64

33.1

33.5

8.6

254.5

Std.

40

60.31

38.6

41

10

247.7

XS

60

81.55

52

54

14

304.8

Std.

––

73.88

57

57

15

298.5

XS

––

97.46

75

77

20

336.6

Std.

30

81.33

73

73

28

330.2

XS

––

107.39

97

93

37

387.4

Std.

30

93.27

98

91

35

381.0

XS

40

123.30

130

120

46

438.2

Std.

––

105.16

120

135

40

431.8

XS

––

139.15

165

190

53

489.0

Std.

20

117.15

150

168

61

482.6

XS

30

155.12

200

245

82

590.6

Std.

20

141.12

220

240

77

584.2

XS

––

187.06

280

350

95

743.0

Std.

––

176.84

332

388

107

736.6

XS

20

234.67

440

484

143

895.4

Std.

––

212.56

481

588

129

889.0

XS

20

282.27

638

731

172

DIMENSIONS

A.S.M.E. FLANGES
PN20
(150)

PN50
(300)

PN100
(600)

PN150
(900)

SOW/
SW
Thrded

W/N

Blind

SOW/
SW
Thrded

W/N

Blind

W/N

W/N

kg/ea

kg/ea

kg/ea

kg/ea

kg/ea

kg/ea

kg/ea

kg/ea

.45

.79

.57

.73

.91

.79

.91

2.00

.68

.86

.91

1.25

1.41

1.13

1.59

2.72

.95

1.09

1.09

1.36

1.81

1.77

1.86

3.86

1.13

1.41

1.25

2.04

2.27

2.68

2.72

4.54

1.36

1.81

1.70

2.81

3.06

2.83

3.74

6.35

2.22

2.83

2.77

3.13

3.74

3.52

4.65

10.89

3.82

4.42

4.04

4.54

5.56

5.44

6.44

16.33

4.08

5.22

5.44

6.12

7.37

7.26

8.50

14.51

4.99

5.44

6.35

7.71

9.53

9.98

12.25

––

5.94

7.48

7.37

9.53

11.79

11.79

17.24

23.13

6.12

9.53

9.07

12.70

15.42

15.88

30.84

39.01

8.16

11.34

12.70

16.33

19.96

20.87

34.02

49.90

12.70

19.05

21.77

25.40

32.21

38.10

52.16

84.82

17.24

25.40

31.75

35.38

44.00

53.34

90.36

121.56

27.22

38.10

45.36

50.80

64.41

86.18

101.60

168.74

35.38

51.26

58.97

74.39

84.37

107.05

157.40

254.92

42.18

63.50

77.11

101.60

111.58

145.15

209.11

310.71

52.62

68.04

102.51

126.10

138.35

181.89

217.27

419.12

65.32

81.65

123.38

149.69

174.63

231.33

312.98

527.98

91.63

118.84

203.21

222.26

247.21

342.92

443.16

680.39

142.88

163.29

326.59

367.41

421.84

680.39

589.67

975.22

217.72

235.87

510.29

544.31

589.67

1031.92

793.79

1564.89

MASS IN KILOGRAMS – kg.

APPROXIMATE MASS PER UNIT FOR AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL PIPE AND FITTINGS CAN BE OBTAINED BY APPLYING A FACTOR OF 1.015

MEDIUM & HEAVY PIPE TO AUSTRALIAN STANDARDS
SPECIFICATION
C250 pipe is manufactured and tested to meet the
requirement of the following specifications:
• AS 1074 Steel tubes and tubulars for ordinary
service.
• AS 1163 Structural steel hollow sections. (Grade
C250, C250L0).

WORKING PRESSURES –
WELDED JOINTS

END PROCESSING OPTIONS

Where AS 1074 pipe is used in pressure piping
covered by AS 4041, the maximum pressure shall
not exceed 1210 kPa for AS 1074 pipe up to and
including DN 100 and 1030 kPa for AS 1074 pipe
exceeding DN 100.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
Minimum Yield Strength

250MPa

Minimum Tensile Strength

320MPa

• Plain End
• Roll Grooved

• Shouldered
• Threaded

THREADED PIPE
Screwed on one or both ends in accordance with
AS 1074. The tapered Whitworth thread used
complies with the requirements of AS 1722, Part
1 and is suitable for both parallel and taper
threaded sockets.

WORKING PRESSURES – THREADED JOINTS TAPER/PARALLEL THREAD
TYPE OF SERVICE

Minimum Elongation in 5.65 √So

20%
Nom.
Size
DN

Water & Inert Oil

LPG

Other Applications
(including Steam & Compressed Air)

Fuel Oil

Med.

Heavy

Med. &
Heavy

(mm)

kPa

kPa

kPa

kPa

oC

kPa

oC

kPa

oC

kPa

oC

Surface Finish Black/Painted/Galvanized/ILG

25

2070

2410

140

1030

100

1210

192

1210

100

1210

192

Refer to
Australian
standards

32

1720

2070

140

1030

100

1030

192

1030

100

1030

192

40

1720

2070

140

1030

100

1030

192

1030

100

1030

192

50

1380

1720

140

860

100

860

192

860

100

860

192

65

1380

1720

––

860

100

860

192

860

100

860

192

SUPPLY CONDITIONS

Straightness
Thickness Tolerance
Dimension Tolerance
Standard Length

6.5m

Length Tolerance

+50mm/-0mm

CHS Grade C250

(mm)

(mm)

Heavy
Press
Temp

Medium
Press
Temp

Heavy
Press
Temp

80

1380

1720

––

860

100

860

192

860

100

860

192

100

1030

1380

––

690

100

850

192

690

100

690

192

125

1030

1380

––

––

––

––

––

––

––

––

––

150

860

1030

––

––

––

––

––

––

––

––

––

MASS AND BUNDLING DATA – Calculated in accordance with AS 1163

DIMENSIONS
Designation
do
t

Medium
Press
Temp

BUNDLING

Nominal
Size
DN
(mm)

Bundle
Dimensions
mm
W

x

H

MASS

Lengths
Per
Bundle

Metres
Per
Bundle

6.5m

m

Nominal Mass
kg/m
Black

Mass per Bundle
tonnes

m/tonne
Galv.

Black

Galv.

Black

Galv.

26.9 x 2.6 CHS

20 M

350

306

127

825.5

1.56

1.62

642

613

1.29

1.32

3.2 CHS

20 H

350

306

127

825.5

1.87

1.93

535

522

1.54

1.59

33.7 x 3.2 CHS

25 M

372

327

91

591.5

2.41

2.49

415

406

1.43

1.47

4.0 CHS

25 H

372

327

91

591.5

2.94

3.02

340

330

1.74

1.78

42.4 x 3.2 CHS

32 M

383

337

61

396.5

3.10

3.20

322

310

1.23

1.27

4.0 CHS

32 H

383

337

61

396.5

3.80

3.90

263

255

1.51

1.54

48.3 x 3.2 CHS

40 M

436

384

61

396.5

3.57

3.68

280

270

1.41

1.46

4.0 CHS

40 H

436

384

61

396.5

4.38

4.49

228

221

1.74

1.78

60.3 x 3.6 CHS

50 M

422

374

37

240.5

5.03

5.18

199

192

1.21

1.25

4.5 CHS

50 H

422

374

37

240.5

6.19

6.33

161

157

1.49

1.52

76.1 x 3.6 CHS

65 M

533

472

37

240.5

6.43

6.61

156

150

1.55

1.59

4.5 CHS

65 H

533

472

37

240.5

7.93

8.12

126

123

1.91

1.95

88.9 x 4.0 CHS

80 M

445

397

19

123.5

8.58

120

116

4.9 CHS

80 H

445

397

19

123.5

101.6 x 4.0 CHS

90 M

508

454

19

123.5

4.9 CHS

90 H

508

454

19

123.5

8.37
10.3
9.63
11.9

10.5

96.8

9.88
12.2

104
84

94.4
100
81.7

1.03

1.06

1.28

1.30

1.19

1.22

1.47

1.50

114.3 x 4.5 CHS

100 M

571

509

19

123.5

12.2

12.4

82.2

79.8

1.50

1.54

5.4 CHS

100 H

571

509

19

123.5

14.5

14.3

69.1

67.4

1.79

1.82

139.7 x 5.0 CHS

125 M

698

382

13

84.5

16.6

16.9

60.2

58.6

1.40

1.43

5.4 CHS

125 H

698

382

13

84.5

17.9

18.2

55.9

54.6

1.51

1.54

165.1 x 5.0 CHS

150 M

660

451

10

65

19.7

20.1

50.7

49.3

1.28

1.31

5.4 CHS

150 H

660

451

10

65

21.7

21.57

45.9

46

1.38

1.41

NOTES: 1. M = Medium, H = Heavy

7

7

7
Pipes to Australian Standards Medium/Heavy

Pipes to Australian Standards Light/Extra Light

8

LIGHT/EXTRA LIGHT PIPE TO AUSTRALIAN STANDARDS
8

8
Note: The term “tube” is synonymous with the term “pipe”

Grade C350 pipe is a lightweight, high strength
pipe for general mechanical and structural
applications.
C350 is manufactured by cold-forming and high
frequency electric resistance welding.
C350 is available in black, ILG and galvanized
finishes.
Also available with one or both ends swaged as
follows:
NB

XL

L

20

X

25

32

40

50

X

SPECIFICATION

GALVANIZING

Grade C350 pipe is manufactured and tested to
meet the requirement of the following
specifications:

Grade C350 pipe is manufactured and tested to
meet the requirement of AS 4792 Galvanized
Coatings.

• AS 1163 Structural Steel Hollow Sections
(Grade C350, C350L0).

Min. Ave Coating Mass

• AS/NZ 54792 Hot dip galvanized (zinc)
coatings on ferrous hollow sections by a
continuous or a specialised process.

Minimum Yield Strength

350MPa

Minimum Tensile Strength

450MPa

Minimum Elongation in 5.65 √So

Manual metal-arc (MMAW) E41XX, E48XX

SUPPLY CONDITIONS
Surface Finish

Black/ILG/Galvanized
Refer to
Australian
standards

Straightness

CHS Grade C250

Standard Length

6.5m

Length Tolerance

+50mm/-0mm

MASS AND BUNDLING DATA – Calculated in accordance with AS 1163

DIMENSIONS

(mm)

20%

The following consumables are recommended by
AS 1554.1 when welding C350 sections.

Gas metal-arc (MIG) (GMAW) W50X

Dimension Tolerance

(mm)

The coating adherence of the galvanizing is
satisfactory for the pipe to be bent to a radius 6
times the diameter of the pipe.

WELDING

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

Thickness Tolerance

Designation
do
t

300g/m2

BUNDLING

Nominal
Size
DN

Bundle
Dimensions
mm
x

MASS

Lengths
Per
Bundle

Metres
Per
Bundle

H

6.5m

m

(mm)

W

26.9 x 2.0 CHS

20 XL

350

306

127

2.3 CHS

20 LT

350

306

127

33.7 x 2.0 CHS

25 XL

372

327

2.6 CHS

25 LT

372

327

42.4 x 2.0 CHS

32 XL

383

337

Nominal Mass
kg/m

Mass per Bundle
tonnes

m/tonne

Black

Galv.

Black

Galv.

825.5

1.23

825.5

1.40

91

591.5

91

591.5

61

396.5

Black

Galv.

1.29

814

767

1.010

1.070

1.46

717

680

1.150

1.200

1.56

1.64

640

602

0.920

0.970

1.99

2.07

501

497

1.180

1.230

1.99

2.10

502

473

0.790

0.830

2.6 CHS

32 LT

383

337

61

396.5

2.55

2.65

392

374

1.010

1.050

48.3 x 2.3 CHS

40 XL

436

384

61

396.5

2.61

2.73

383

364

1.030

1.080

2.9 CHS

40 LT

436

384

61

396.5

3.25

3.36

308

295

1.290

1.330

60.3 x 2.3 CHS

50 XL

422

374

37

240.5

3.29

3.44

304

288

0.790

0.830

2.9 CHS

50 LT

422

374

37

240.5

4.11

4.25

244

234

0.990

1.020

76.1 x 2.3 CHS

65 XL

533

472

37

240.5

4.19

4.33

239

231

1.007

1.040

3.2 CHS

65 LT

533

472

37

240.5

5.75

5.94

174

167

1.380

1.430

88.9 x 2.6 CHS

80 XL

445

397

19

123.5

5.53

5.75

181

174

0.683

0.710
0.860

3.2 CHS

80 LT

445

397

19

123.5

6.76

6.98

148

143

0.840

101.6 x 2.6 CHS

90 XL

508

454

19

123.5

6.35

6.60

158

152

0.784

0.815

3.2 CHS

90 LT

508

454

19

123.5

7.70

8.04

129

124

0.960

0.990

110

114.3 x 3.2 CHS

100 XL

572

510

19

123.5

8.77

9.05

114

3.6 CHS

100 LT

572

510

19

123.5

9.83

10.11

102

139.7 x 3.0 CHS

125 XL

698

382

13

84.5

10.11

10.50

98.9

95.2

0.855

0.887

3.5 CHS

125 LT

698

382

13

84.5

11.76

12.10

85.1

82.4

0.993

1.022

165.1 x 3.5 CHS

150 LT

660

451

10

65

13.95

14.40

71.7

69.4

0.907

0.936

Notes: 1. LT = Light, 2. XL = Extra Light

98.6

1.083

1.118

1.214

1.249

FLANGES TO AUSTRALIAN STANDARDS

DIAM.
RAISED FACE

DIMENSIONS
FOR LOOSE FLANGES

FLAT FACE

1.6mm

FLAT FACE

COPPER ALLOY
T.11 –

FLAT FACE

1.6mm

DIAM.
RAISED FACE

T.3 – Plate or Boss or Blank
T.10 – Plate or Boss

BOSS FLANGE – SLIP ON WELD OR SCR. B.S.P.

FLANGE
NOMINAL
SIZE

TABLE E
DRILLING

FLANGE

THICKNESS
OD

DN

mm

T3
mm

15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
700
750
800
900
1000
1200

95
100
115
120
135
150
165
185
215
255
280
335
405
455
525
580
640
705
825
910
995
1060
1175
1255
1490

6
6
8
8
10
10
11
13
16
17
17
19
19
22
25
25
29
32
35





Bolt No. Dia.
Circle of
of
**
Dia. Bolts Bolts
T6
mm mm
mm
5
5
5
6
6
8
8
10
10
13
13
13
16
19
22
22
25
29
32
35
41
41
48
51
60

67
73
83
87
98
114
127
146
178
210
235
292
356
406
470
521
584
641
756
845
927
984
1092
1175
1410

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
12
12
12
12
16
16
20
20
20
24
24
32

M12
M12
M12
M12
M12
M16
M16
M16
M16
M16
M16
M16
M20
M20
M24
M24
M24
M24
M27
M27
M30
M33
M33
M33
M33

**
T6

OD

NOMINAL

mm

T10
mm

T11
mm

mm

mm

95
100
115
120
135
150
165
185
215
255
280
335
405
455
525
580
640
705
825
910
995
1060
1175
1255
1490

6
6
8
8
10
10
11
13
16
17
17
19
22
25
25
25
29
32
38





6
6
8
8
10
10
11
13
16
17
17
20
25
28
32
36
41
46






6
6
7
8
9
10
10
11
13
14
17
19
22
25
29
32
35
38
48
51
54
54
64
67
79

67
73
83
87
98
114
127
146
178
210
235
292
356
406
470
521
584
641
756
845
927
984
1092
1175
1410

SIZE
DN
15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600

T10

T11

*
T6


Dia.
R/F

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

115
115
120
135
140
165
185
205
230
280
305
370
430
490
550
610
675
735
850

10
10
11
11
13
13
14
16
19
22
25
32
35
38
41
44
48
51
57

11
11
12
13
14
16
17
19
23
27
30
39
45
52
58
64
71
78
92

13
13
14
17
17
19
19
22
25
29
29
32
35
41
48
54
60
67
76

57
57
64
76
83
102
114
127
152
178
210
260
311
362
419
483
533
597
699

83
83
87
98
105
127
146
165
191
235
260
324
381
438
495
552
610
673
781

OD

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
12
12
12
12
16
16
16
20
20
20
24
24
32

FLANGE

Bolt No. Dia.
Circle of
of
Dia. Bolts Bolts

OD

mm

mm

T10
mm

M12
M12
M12
M12
M12
M16
M16
M16
M16
M16
M20
M20
M20
M24
M24
M24
M24
M24
M30
M30
M33
M33
M33
M36
M36

95
100
120
135
140
165
185
205
230
280
305
370
430
490
550
610
675
735
850
935
1015
1060
1185
1275
1530

8
8
10
10
11
11
13
14
17
19
22
25
25
29
32
32
35
38
41





4
4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
12
12
12
16
16
20
20
24
24

OD

mm

mm

*
T6
mm

T11
mm

mm

mm

8
8
10
10
11
12
13
15
17
20
23
28
32
37
42
47
52
57
68





10
10
10
13
13
16
16
16
19
22
22
25
29
32
35
41
44
51
57
60
67
68
76
83
95

67
73
87
98
105
127
146
165
191
235
260
324
381
438
495
552
610
673
781
857
940
984
1105
1194
1441

M16
M16
M16
M16
M16
M16
M16
M16
M16
M20
M20
M20
M24
M24
M27
M27
M30
M30
M33

115
115
120
135
140
165
185
205
230
280
305
370
430
490
550
610
675
735
850

16
16
19
19
22
25
25
32
35
38
38
41
48
51
57
64
70
79
92

FLANGE

Bolt No. Dia.
of
Dia. Circle of
R/F Dia. Bolts Bolts
mm

mm

57
57
64
76
83
102
114
127
152
178
210
260
311
362
419
483
533
597
699

83
83
87
98
105
127
146
165
191
235
260
324
381
438
495
552
610
673
781

**
T6

NOMINAL
Bolt No. Dia.
Circle of
of
Dia. Bolts Bolts
4
4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
12
12
12
16
16
20
20
24
24
24
28
28
32
36
40

SIZE

mm

DN

M12
M12
M16
M16
M16
M16
M16
M16
M16
M20
M20
M20
M24
M24
M27
M27
M30
M30
M33
M33
M33
M33
M36
M36
M39

15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
700
750
800
900
1000
1200

TABLE R

DRILLING

Thickness

DRILLING

THICKNESS

TABLE J
DRILLING

THICKNESS

FLANGE

Bolt No. Dia.
Circle of
of
Dia. Bolts Bolts

TABLE H
FLANGE

TABLE F
DRILLING

THICKNESS

WELD NECK FLANGE

FORGED OR PLATE STEEL
T.6 – Plate or Boss or Blank, or Weldneck
(Except for valves)
T.18 – Plate or Blank or Weldneck (Except for valves)

Blank
TABLE D

1.6mm

DIAM.
RAISED FACE

PLATE FLANGE
SLIP ON WELD

BLANK OR BLIND FLANGE

4
4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
12
12
12
16
16
20
20
24
24

Thickness
OD

mm

mm

*
T18
mm

M16
M16
M16
M16
M16
M20
M20
M20
M20
M24
M24
M24
M27
M27
M30
M30
M33
M33
M36

115
115
125
135
150
165
185
205
240
280
305
370
430
510
585
640
735
805

19
19
22
22
25
25
29
32
35
41
44
51
60
70
79
89
98
105

DRILLING
Bolt No. Dia.
of
Dia. Circle of
R/F Dia. Bolts Bolts
mm

mm

64
64
76
76
89
102
114
127
152
178
210
260
311
362
419
483
572
622

83
83
95
98
114
127
146
165
197
235
260
324
387
457
527
584
673
730

4
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
12
12
12
16
16
16
20
20
20

NOMINAL
SIZE

mm

DN

M16
M16
M16
M16
M20
M16
M20
M20
M24
M24
M24
M27
M27
M30
M33
M33
M36
M39

15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500

NOTES:
(1) All dimensions are in millimetres (mm).
(2) Only metric preferred sizes listed, except for DN 750 which is a
Non-preferred size.
* * (3) It is impractical to use flange thickness less than 12mm for
Steel Plate Flanges.
* (4) Thickness includes 1.6mm height for the Raised Face.

(5) The Raised Face is non-preferred for Table “H”.
(6) It is normal practice to supply Steel Flanges to Tables A, D, C, E, F
and H. — Flat Faced.
(7) All copper alloy flanges shall be Flat Faced.
(8) All flanges shall be drilled to Standard Tables unless otherwise
specified. (For Bolt dimensions see separate page).

IMPORTANT: For DN 150 and DN 200 Flanges, the O.D. of pipe being used must be specified. Dimensions for Flange Tables A, C, K, S and T on application.

9

9

9
Flanges to AS.2129

Metric Bolts for use with AS.2129 Flanges

10

I.S.O. METRIC HEXAGON STEEL BOLTS FOR USE WITH AS.2129 FLANGES
10

10
Length

o

Steel hexagon Bolts and Nuts (XOX) are recommended for use within a temperature range of –50 C to
o
+300 C. Outside of this temperature range, Stud Bolts should be used as recommended in AS.2528.

Bolt
Diam.

A quick reference chart for sizing bolts and nuts for a range of regularly used standard flanges is given below:
APPLICABLE TO PLATE & FORGED STEEL LOOSE FLANGES ONLY

Flat faced joint illustrated

Note: Integral valve flanges quite often differ in thickness to equivalent loose flanges. When integral flanges are
involved due allowance should be made to bolt lengths.

TABLE D

NOMINAL
FLANGE No. Bolts

TABLE E

TABLE F

TABLE H

XOX

No. Bolts

XOX

No. Bolts

XOX

No. Bolts

XOX

SIZE

Per

Bolt & Nut

Per

Bolt & Nut

Per

Bolt & Nut

Per

Bolt & Nut

DN

Flange

dia. x lgth

Flange

dia. x lgth

Flange

dia. x lgth

Flange

dia. x lgth

15

4

M12

x 40mm*

4

M12

x

40mm*

4

M12 X 40mm*

4

M16

x 45mm*

20

4

M12

x 40mm*

4

M12

x

40mm*

4

M12 X 40mm*

4

M16

x 45mm*

25

4

M12

x 40mm*

4

M12

x

40mm*

4

M16 X 45mm*

4

M16

x 50mm*

32

4

M12

x 40mm*

4

M12

x

40mm*

4

M16 X 45mm*

4

M16

x 55mm*

40

4

M12

x 40mm*

4

M12

x

40mm*

4

M16 X 45mm*

4

M16

x 55mm*

50

4

M16

x 45mm*

4

M16

x

45mm*

4

M16 X 50mm*

4

M16

x 60mm*

65

4

M16

x 45mm*

4

M16

x

45mm*

8

M16 X 50mm*

8

M16

x 60mm*

80

4

M16

x 45mm*

4

M16

x

45mm*

8

M16 X 50mm*

8

M16

x 65mm*

100

4

M16

x 45mm*

8

M16

x

45mm*

8

M16 X 60mm*

8

M16

x 70mm*

125

8

M16

x 45mm*

8

M16

x

50mm*

8

M20 X 70mm*

8

M20

x 80mm*

150

8

M16

x 45mm*

8

M20

x

60mm*

12

M20 X 70mm*

12

M20

x 80mm*

200

8

M16

x 45mm*

8

M20

x

60mm*

12

M20 X 75mm*

12

M20

x 90mm*

250

8

M20

x 55mm*

12

M20

x

70mm*

12

M24 X 85mm*

12

M24

x 100mm*

300

12

M20

x 60mm*

12

M24

x

80mm*

16

M24 X 100mm*

16

M24

x 110mm*

350

12

M24

x 75mm*

12

M24

x

85mm*

16

M27 X 100mm*

16

M27

x 130mm*

Bolt lengths listed apply to flatfaced or 1.6mm raised face
flanges with allowance for 1.6mm
gasket thickness.
*For approximate Stud Bolt
Lengths take the XOX Bolt
Length and add the metric
diameter in mm rounded to the
nearest 5mm increment up.
Note: (This does not include
length of point)
This chart shows bolt diameters as
recommended in AS.2129. Some
of these are Non-preferred sizes
e.g. (M27), (M33) and (M39) which
are not readily available in
Australia.
Stud Bolts should be used as
alternatives to bolts where the size
is greater than M24 and it is
therefore suggested that Stud
Bolts as specified in AS.2528 or
BS.4882 should be used.
Inch series bolts
interchangeable as follows:
FOR

USE

FOR

USE

1/4”

M6

7/8”

M24

5/16”

M8

1”

(M27)

3/8”

M10

11/8”

M30

1/2”

M12

11/4”

(M33)

M16

13/8”

M36

M20

11/2”

(M39)

400

12

M24

x 75mm*

12

M24

x 100mm*

20

M27 X 120mm*

20

M27

x 140mm*

450

12

M24

x 80mm*

16

M24

x 100mm*

20

M30 X 130mm*

20

M30

x 160mm*

5/8”

500

16

M24

x 85mm*

16

M24

x 110mm*

24

M30 X 140mm*

24

M30

x 170mm*

3/4”

600

16

M27

x 100mm*

16

M30

x 130mm*

24

M33 X 150mm*

24

M33

x 190mm*

700

20

M27

x 100mm*

20

M30

x 140mm*

24

M33 X 160mm*

750

20

M30

x 120mm*

20

M33

x 150mm*

28

M33 X 170mm*

800

20

M33

x 120mm*

20

M33

x 150mm*

28

M33 X 180mm*

900

24

M33

x 140mm*

24

M33

x 170mm*

32

M36 X 200mm*

Above M24, clearance hole 3mm
larger.

1000

24

M33

x 140mm*

24

M36

x 180mm*

36

M36 X 220mm*

XOX BOLTS & NUTS

1200

32

M33

x 160mm*

32

M36

x 200mm*

40

M39 X 240mm*

XOX is the trade term used for
H.R.H. commercial steel bolts and
nuts.

All dimensions are in millimetres (mm).

BOLT HOLE DIAMETERS
For bolts to M24, clearance hole
2mm larger.

H.R.H. denotes Hexagon Head x
Round Shank x Hexagon Nut.

Notes
High strength structural bolts to AS 1252 may be substituted for property class 8.8 bolts if agreed to by the
purchaser.
Bolts to AS 1252 are heavy hexagon series and the selection of such bolts would be subject to space being
available on the relevant flange.

XOX BOLTING
Temp. Range: –50oC to +300oC
Flange
Table
D, E,
&F
H

Specifications
Bolts

Nuts

AS 1110 Gr.4.6
or

AS1112 Gr.5

AS 1111 Gr.4.6
AS 1110 Gr.8.8

AS 1112 Gr.8

MASS
The SI unit of MASS is the KILOGRAM – Symbol kg
The mass of an object is the quantity of matter it contains and is constant irrespective of the location or altitude.
The weight of an object is the force exerted on it by gravity and thus varies from place to place and according to height above sea level or the distance from the Earth’s
centre. (Hence weightlessness of astronauts in outer space).

MASS CONVERSION CHART
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

To use, locate “given mass” in “given mass” column (coloured GREY) whether lbs. or kg.
If “given mass” is in pounds (lbs.), read kilograms (kg) in right hand column.
If “given mass” is in kilograms (kg), read pounds (lbs.) in left hand column.
Example: (i) Given mass is 70 lbs = 31.75 kg from right hand column
(ii) Given mass is 70 kg = 154.32 lbs. from left hand column

1 to 65

66 to 130

131 to 375

380 to 700

705 to 1500

lbs.

Given
Mass

kg

lbs.

Given
Mass

kg

lbs.

Given
Mass

kg

lbs.

Given
Mass

kg

lbs.

Given
Mass

2.20
4.41
6.61
8.82
11.02
13.23
15.43
17.64
19.84
22.05
24.25
26.46
28.66
30.86
33.07
35.27
37.48
39.68
41.89
44.09
46.30
48.50
50.71
52.91
55.12
57.32
59.52
61.73
63.93
66.14
68.34
70.55
72.75
74.96
77.16
79.37
81.57
83.77
85.98
88.18
90.39
92.59
94.80
97.00
99.21
101.41
103.62
105.82
108.03
110.23
112.43
114.64
116.84
119.05
121.25
123.46
125.66
127.87
130.07
132.28
134.48
136.69
138.89
141.09
143.30

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65

0.45
0.91
1.36
1.81
2.27
2.72
3.18
3.63
4.08
4.54
4.99
5.44
5.90
6.35
6.80
7.26
7.71
8.16
8.62
9.07
9.53
9.98
10.43
10.89
11.34
11.79
12.25
12.70
13.15
13.61
14.06
14.52
14.97
15.42
15.88
16.33
16.78
17.24
17.69
18.14
18.60
19.05
19.50
19.96
20.41
20.87
21.32
21.77
22.23
22.68
23.13
23.59
24.04
24.49
24.95
25.40
25.86
26.31
26.76
27.22
27.67
28.12
28.58
29.03
29.48

145.50
147.71
149.91
152.12
154.32
156.53
158.73
160.94
163.35
165.35
167.55
169.75
171.96
174.16
176.37
178.57
180.78
182.98
185.19
187.39
189.60
191.80
194.00
196.21
198.41
200.62
202.82
205.03
207.23
209.44
211.64
213.85
216.05
218.26
220.46
222.67
224.87
227.07
229.28
231.48
233.69
235.89
238.10
240.30
242.51
244.71
246.92
249.12
251.32
253.53
255.73
257.94
260.14
262.35
264.55
266.76
268.96
271.17
273.37
275.58
277.78
279.98
282.19
284.39
286.60

66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130

29.94
30.39
30.84
31.30
31.75
32.21
32.66
33.11
33.57
34.02
34.47
34.93
35.38
35.83
36.29
36.74
37.20
37.65
38.10
38.56
39.01
39.46
39.92
40.37
40.82
41.28
41.73
42.18
42.64
43.09
43.55
44.00
44.45
44.91
45.36
45.81
46.28
46.72
47.17
47.63
48.08
48.54
48.99
49.44
49.90
50.35
50.80
51.26
51.71
52.16
52.62
53.07
53.53
53.98
54.43
54.89
55.34
55.79
56.25
56.70
57.15
57.61
58.06
58.51
58.97

288.80
291.01
293.21
295.42
297.62
299.83
302.03
304.24
306.44
308.64
310.85
313.05
315.26
317.46
319.67
321.87
324.08
326.28
328.49
330.69
341.71
352.74
363.76
374.78
385.80
396.83
407.85
418.87
429.90
440.92
451.94
462.97
473.99
485.01
496.04
507.06
518.08
529.10
540.13
551.15
562.17
573.20
584.22
595.24
606.27
617.30
628.31
639.33
650.36
661.38
672.40
683.43
694.45
705.47
716.50
727.52
738.54
749.56
760.59
771.61
782.63
793.66
804.68
815.70
826.73

131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
155
160
165
170
175
180
185
190
195
200
205
210
215
220
225
230
235
240
245
250
255
260
265
270
275
280
285
290
295
300
305
310
315
320
325
330
335
340
345
350
355
360
365
370
375

59.42
59.88
60.33
60.78
61.24
61.69
62.14
62.60
63.05
63.50
63.96
64.41
64.87
65.32
65.77
66.23
66.68
67.13
67.59
68.04
70.31
72.58
74.84
77.11
79.38
81.65
83.92
86.18
88.45
90.72
92.99
95.26
97.52
99.79
102.06
104.33
106.60
108.86
111.13
113.40
115.67
117.94
120.20
122.47
124.74
127.01
129.28
131.54
133.81
136.08
138.35
140.62
142.88
145.15
147.42
149.69
151.96
154.22
156.49
158.76
161.03
163.30
165.56
167.83
170.10

838
849
860
871
882
893
904
915
926
937
948
959
970
981
992
1003
1014
1025
1036
1047
1058
1069
1080
1091
1102
1113
1124
1135
1146
1157
1168
1179
1190
1202
1213
1224
1235
1246
1257
1268
1279
1290
1301
1312
1323
1334
1345
1356
1367
1378
1389
1400
1411
1422
1433
1444
1455
1466
1477
1488
1499
1510
1521
1532
1543

380
385
390
395
400
405
410
415
420
425
430
435
440
445
450
455
460
465
470
475
480
485
490
495
500
505
510
515
520
525
530
535
540
545
550
555
560
565
570
575
580
585
590
595
600
605
610
615
620
625
630
635
640
645
650
655
660
665
670
675
680
685
690
695
700

172.37
174.64
176.90
179.17
181.44
183.71
185.98
188.24
190.51
192.78
195.05
197.32
199.58
201.85
204.12
206.39
208.66
210.92
213.19
215.46
217.73
220.00
222.26
224.53
226.80
229.07
231.34
233.60
235.87
238.14
240.41
242.68
244.94
247.21
249.48
251.75
254.02
256.28
258.55
260.82
263.09
265.36
267.62
269.89
272.16
274.43
276.70
278.96
281.23
283.50
285.77
288.04
290.30
292.57
294.84
297.11
299.38
301.64
303.91
306.18
308.45
310.72
312.98
315.25
317.52

1554
1565
1576
1587
1598
1609
1620
1631
1642
1653
1664
1676
1687
1698
1709
1720
1731
1742
1753
1764
1775
1786
1797
1808
1819
1830
1841
1852
1863
1874
1885
1896
1907
1918
1929
1940
1951
1962
1973
1984
1995
2006
2017
2028
2039
2050
2061
2072
2083
2094
2105
2116
2127
2138
2149
2161
2172
2183
2194
2205
2425
2646
2866
3086
3307

705
710
715
720
725
730
735
740
745
750
755
760
765
770
775
780
785
790
795
800
805
810
815
820
825
830
835
840
845
850
855
860
865
870
875
880
885
890
895
900
905
910
915
920
925
930
935
940
945
950
955
960
965
970
975
980
985
990
995
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500

kg
319.79
322.06
324.32
326.59
328.86
331.13
333.40
335.66
337.93
340.20
342.47
344.74
347.00
349.27
351.54
353.81
356.08
358.34
360.61
362.88
365.15
367.42
369.68
371.95
374.22
376.49
378.76
381.02
383.29
385.56
387.83
390.10
392.36
394.63
396.90
399.17
401.44
403.70
405.97
408.24
410.51
412.78
415.04
417.31
419.58
421.85
424.12
426.38
428.65
430.92
433.19
435.46
437.72
439.99
442.26
444.53
446.80
449.06
451.33
453.60
498.96
544.32
589.68
635.04
680.40

CONVERSION FACTORS
1 Pound (lb.) x 0.4536 = kilograms (kg)
1 kilogram (kg) x 2.2046 = pounds (lbs.)

11

11

11
Mass Conversion Chart

Flange Identification

12

FLANGE IDENTIFICATION CHART
12

12
A guide to the key dimensions of popular steel flange types

Diam. of
Flange

Bolt Circle
Diam.

No. of
Bolts

Diam./Length
Bolts/Studs
Steel Flanges

Diam.
Holes

15

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300
ANSI 600
PN 16

95
95
115
89
95
95
95

67
67
83
60.3
66.7
66.7
65

4
4
4
4
4
4
4

M12 x 45
M12 x 45
M16 x 60
1/2 x 60
1/2 x 65
1/2 x 80
––

14
14
18
16
16
16
14

5*
6*
13
11.5
14.5
14.5
––

20

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300
ANSI 600
PN 16

100
100
115
98
117
117
105

73
73
83
69.8
82.5
82.5
75

4
4
4
4
4
4
4

M12 x 45
M12 x 45
M16 x 60
1/2 x 65
5/8 x 75
5/8 x 90
––

14
14
18
16
20
20
14

5*
6*
13
14
16
16
––

25

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300
ANSI 600
PN 16

115
115
120
108
124
124
115

83
83
87
79.4
88.9
88.9
85

4
4
4
4
4
4
4

M12 x 45
M12 x 45
M16 x 60
1/2 x 65
5/8 x 80
5/8 x 105
––

14
14
18
16
20
20
14

5*
7*
14
14
18
18
––

32

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300
ANSI 600
PN 16

120
120
135
117
133
133
140

87
87
98
88.9
98.4
98.4
100

4
4
4
4
4
4
4

M12 x 50
M12 x 50
M16 x 65
1/2 x 70
5/8 x 80
5/8 x 100
––

14
14
18
16
20
20
18

6*
8*
17
16
22
22
––

40

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300
ANSI 600
PN 16

135
135
140
127
156
156
150

98
98
105
98.4
114.3
114.3
110

4
4
4
4
4
4
4

M12 x 50
M12 x 50
M16 x 65
1/2 x 70
3/4 x 90
3/4 x 105
––

14
14
18
16
23
23
18

6*
9*
17
17
22
22
––

50

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300
ANSI 600
PN 16

150
150
165
152
165
165
165

114
114
127
120.6
127
127
125

4
4
4
4
8
8
4

M16 x 60
M16 x 60
M16 x 75
5/8 x 80
5/8 x 90
5/8 x 105
––

18
18
18
20
20
20
16

8*
10*
19
20
22
26
––

65

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300
ANSI 600
PN 16

165
165
185
178
191
191
185

127
127
146
139.7
149.2
149.2
145

4
4
8
4
8
8
4

M16 x 60
M16 x 60
M16 x 75
5/8 x 90
3/4 x 100
3/4 x 120
––

18
18
18
20
23
23
18

8*
10*
19
23
26
30
––

80

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300
ANSI 600
PN 16

185
185
205
191
210
210
200

146
146
165
152.4
168.3
168.3
160

4
4
8
4
8
8
8

M16 x 60
M16 x 60
M16 x 75
5/8 x 90
3/4 x 110
3/4 x 125
––

18
18
18
20
23
23
18

10*
11*
22
24
32
32
––

100

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300
ANSI 600
PN 16

215
215
230
229
254
273
220

178
178
191
190.5
200
215.9
180

4
8
8
8
8
8
8

M16 x 65
M16 x 65
M16 x 85
5/8 x 90
3/4 x 110
7/8 x 145
––

18
18
18
20
23
26
18

10*
13
25
24
32
38
––

Size
mm

Table/Class

Flange Thickness
Cast/Forged
Steel

FLANGE IDENTIFICATION CHART

Diam. of
Flange

Bolt Circle
Diam.

No. of
Bolts

Diam./Length
Bolts/Studs
Steel Flanges

Diam.
Holes

125

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300
ANSI 600
PN 16

255
255
280
254
279
330
250

210
210
235
215.9
234.9
266.7
210

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

M16 x 65
M16 x 65
M20 x 95
3/4 x 90
3/4 x 120
1 x 165
––

18
18
22
23
23
29
18

22
14
29
24
35
45
––

150

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300
ANSI 600
PN 16

280
280
305
279
318
356
285

235
235
260
241.3
269.9
292.1
240

8
8
12
8
12
12
8

M16 x 65
M20x 65
M20 x 95
3/4 x 100
3/4 x 125
1 x 170
––

18
22
22
23
23
29
22

13
17
29
26
37
48
––

200

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300
ANSI 600
PN 10
PN 16

335
335
370
343
381
419
340
340

292
292
324
298.4
330.2
349.2
295
280

8
8
12
8
12
12
8
12

M16 x 65
M20 x 65
M20 x 100
3/4 x 110
7/8 x 140
11/8 x 195
––
––

18
22
22
23
26
32
22
22

13
19
32
29
41
56
––
––

250

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 600
PN 10
PN 16

405
405
430
406
510
395
405

356
356
381
361.9
431.8
350
350

8
12
12
12
16
8
12

M20 x 75
M20 x 75
M24 x 120
7/8 x 115
11/4 x 215
––
––

22
22
26
29
35
22
22

––
22
35
30
64
––
––

300

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300
PN 10
PN 16

455
455
490
483
520
445
450

406
406
438
431.8
450.8
400
410

12
12
16
12
16
12
12

M20 x 85
M24 x 85
M24 x 110
7/8 x 120
11/8 x 170
––
––

22
26
26
26
32
22
25

22
25
41
32
51
––
––

350

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300

525
525
550
535
585

470
470
495
476.2
514.3

12
12
16
12
20

M24 x 95
M24 x 95
M27 x 130
1 x 130
11/8 x 175

26
26
30
29
32

25
29
48
35
54

375

Table D
Table E

550
550

495
495

12
12

M24 x 95
M24 x 95

26
26

22
32

400

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300

580
580
610
597
650

521
521
552
539.7
571.5

12
12
20
16
20

M24 x 95
M24 x 100
M27 x 140
1 x 130
11/4 x 190

26
26
30
29
35

22
32
54
37
57

450

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300

640
640
675
635
710

584
584
610
577.8
628.6

12
16
20
16
24

M24 x 95
M24 x 120
M30 x 160
11/8 x 150
11/4 x 195

26
26
33
32
35

25
35
60
40
60

500

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300

705
705
735
700
775

641
641
673
635
685.8

16
16
24
20
24

M24 x 110
M24 x 110
M30 x 170
11/8 x 160
11/4 x 205

26
26
33
32
35

29
38
67
43
64

600

Table D
Table E
Table H
ANSI 150
ANSI 300

825
825
850
815
915

756
756
781
749.3
812.8

16
16
24
20
24

M27 x 120
M30 x 140
M33 x 200
11/4 x 175
11/2 x 230

30
33
36
35
42

32
48
76
48
70

Size
mm

Table/Class

Flange Thickness
Cast/Forged
Steel

It is impractical to use thickness less than 12.00mm for plate flanges.
Dimensions AS 2129 – ANSI/ASME B16.5

13

13

13
Flange Identification

Pressure - Stress Conversion Charts

14

PRESSURE
14

14
The SI unit of pressure and stress is the NEWTON PER SQUARE METRE which has been given the special name PASCAL – Symbol Pa.
The pascal is too small for most normal uses and suitable multiple units preferred for Australia are:
kilopascal: Symbol – kPa (= 1000 Pa)
(1

N/m2

= 0.000145

lbf/in2

megapascal: Symbol – MPa (= 1,000,000 Pa)
(1 N/mm2 = 145 lbf/in2 = 1MPa)

= 1Pa)

PSI (lbf/in2) to kPa • PRESSURE – STRESS CONVERSION CHART
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

To use, locate “given pressure” in “given pressure” column (coloured GREY) whether lbf/in2 or kPa.
If “given pressure” is in pounds force per square inch (lbf/in2), read kilopascals (kPa) in right hand column.
If “given pressure” is in kilopascals (kPa), read pounds force per square inch (lbf/in2) in left hand column.
Example: (i)
Given pressure is 100 lbf/in2 = 689 kPa from right hand column
(ii) Given pressure is 100kPa = 14.50 lbf/in2 from left hand column

1 to 35

36 to 70

lbf/in2

Given
Pressure

0.15
0.29
0.44
0.58
0.73

1
2
3
4
5

6.89
13.79
20.68
27.58
34.47

0.87
1.02
1.16
1.31
1.45

6
7
8
9
10

1.60
1.74
1.89
2.03
2.18

71 to 125

130 to 80,000

Given
Pressure

kPa

lbf/in2

5.22
5.37
5.51
5.66
5.80

36
37
38
39
40

248.21
255.11
262.00
268.90
275.79

10.30
10.44
10.59
10.73
10.88

71
72
73
74
75

490
496
503
510
517

18.85
19.58
20.31
21.03
21.76

41.37
48.26
55.16
62.05
68.95

5.95
6.09
6.24
6.38
6.53

41
42
43
44
45

282.69
289.58
296.48
303.37
310.26

11.02
11.17
11.31
11.46
11.60

76
77
78
79
80

524
531
538
545
552

11
12
13
14
15

75.84
82.74
89.63
96.53
103.42

6.67
6.82
6.96
7.11
7.25

46
47
48
49
50

317.16
324.05
330.95
337.84
344.74

11.75
11.89
12.04
12.18
12.33

81
82
83
84
85

2.32
2.47
2.61
2.76
2.90

16
17
18
19
20

110.32
117.21
124.11
131.00
137.90

7.40
7.54
7.69
7.83
7.98

51
52
53
54
55

351.63
358.53
365.42
372.32
379.21

12.47
12.62
12.70
12.91
13.05

3.05
3.19
3.34
3.48
3.63

21
22
23
24
25

144.79
151.69
158.58
165.47
172.37

8.12
8.27
8.41
8.56
8.70

56
57
58
59
60

386.11
393.00
399.90
406.79
413.69

3.77
3.92
4.06
4.21
4.35

26
27
28
29
30

179.26
186.16
193.05
199.95
206.84

8.85
8.99
9.14
9.28
9.43

61
62
63
64
65

4.50
4.64
4.79
4.93
5.08

31
32
33
34
35

213.74
220.63
227.53
234.42
241.32

9.57
9.72
9.86
10.01
10.15

66
67
68
69
70

lbf/in2

kPa

Given
Pressure

lbf/in2

kPa

Given
Pressure

kPa

=

130
135
140
145
150

896
931
965
1000
1034

=
=
=
=
=

0.90
0.93
0.97
1.00
1.03

22.48
23.21
23.93
24.61
25.38

155
160
165
170
175

1069
1103
1138
1172
1207

=
=
=
=
=

1.07
1.10
1.14
1.17
1.21

558
565
572
579
586

26.11
26.83
27.56
28.28
29.01

180
185
190
195
200

1241
1276
1310
1344
1379

=
=
=
=
=

1.24
1.28
1.31
1.34
1.38

86
87
88
89
90

593
600
607
614
621

36.26
43.51
58.02
72.52
108.78

250
300
400
500
750

1724
2068
2758
3447
5171

=
=
=
=
=

1.73
2.07
2.76
3.45
5.17

13.20
13.34
13.49
13.63
13.78

91
92
93
94
95

627
634
641
648
655

145.04
217.56
290.08
435.11
580.15

1000
1500
2000
3000
4000

6894
10,342
13,790
20,684
27,579

=
=
=
=
=

6.89
10.34
13.79
20.68
27.58

420.58
427.48
434.37
441.26
448.16

13.92
14.07
14.21
14.34
14.50

96
97
98
99
100

662
669
676
683
689

725.19
1,450.38
2,175.57
2,900.76
4,351.14

5000
10,000
15,000
20,000
30,000

34,473
68,948
103,421
137,895
206,843

=
=
=
=
=

34.47
68.95
103.4
137.9
206.8

455.05
461.95
468.84
475.74
482.63

15.23
15.95
16.68
17.40
18.13

105
110
115
120
125

724
758
793
827
862

5,801.52
7,251.90
8,702.28
10,152.7
11,603.0

40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000

275,790
344,738
413.686
482,633
551,581

=
=
=
=
=

275.8
344.7
413.7
482.6
551.6

NOTE: IT IS USUAL FOR PRESSURES IN EXCESS OF 1000 kPa TO BE EXPRESSED IN MEGAPASCALS – MPa
1 megapascal (MPa) = 1000 kilopascals (kPa) = 1 newton per mm2 (N/mm2) = 145 lbf/in2

USEFUL CONVERSION FACTORS – APPROXIMATE
MULTIPLY

BY

TO OBTAIN

MULTIPLY

BY

TO OBTAIN

TO OBTAIN

BY

DIVIDE

TO OBTAIN

BY

DIVIDE

1.0197

kg f/cm2

bars

kg f / cm2

100.0

lbf/in2

0.1

MPa

14.223

lbf/in2

98.07

kPa

1422.33
kg f / mm2

kPa

14.504

0.09807

lb f/in2 (PSI)
ton f/in2

6.895

kPa

0.00689

MPa

15.444

MPa

APPROXIMATE EQUIVALENTS

MPa

1 Atmosphere (atm)

=

14.696 lbf/in2

lbf/in2

1 bar

9.807

MPa

0.635

ton f/in2

=

14.50 lbf/in2

f/cm2

=

14.22 lbf/in2

100 kPa (1 bar)

=

14.50 lbf/in2

1 kg

NOTE: lbf/in2 (pounds force per square inch) is often expressed as PSI (pounds per square inch)

MPa

TEMPERATURE

The SI Unit of thermodynamic temperature is the KELVIN – Symbol K. For most practical purposes of temperature measurement and most
calculations involving temperatures, DEGREE CELSIUS, symbol oC will be used. The name CELSIUS was adopted internationally in 1948 instead of
Centigrade, to avoid possible confusion with the identically named unit of angle used in some European countries.

TEMPERATURE CONVERSION CHART
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

To use, locate “given temperature” in “given temperature” column (coloured GREY) whether oC or oF.
If “given temperature” is in degrees Celsius (oC), read degrees Fahrenheit (oF) in right hand column.
If “given temperature” is in degrees Fahrenheit (oF), read degrees Celsius (oC) in left hand column.
Example: (i) Given temperature is 35oC = 95oF from right hand column
(ii) Given temperature is 35oF = 1.7oC from left hand column

–320 to 27
oC

–196
–184
–173
–162
–151
–140
–129
–115
–101
– 90
– 84
– 79
– 73
– 68
– 62
– 57
– 51
– 46
– 40
– 34
– 29
– 23
– 17.8
– 17.2
– 16.7
– 16.1
– 15.6
– 15.0
– 14.4
– 13.9
– 13.3
– 12.8
– 12.2
– 11.7
– 11.1
– 10.6
– 10.0
– 9.4
– 8.9
– 8.3
– 7.8
– 7.2
– 6.7
– 6.1
– 5.6
– 5.0
– 4.4
– 3.9
– 3.3
– 2.8

Given
Temp.

–320
–300
–280
–260
–240
–220
–200
–175
–150
–130
–120
–110
–100
– 90
– 80
– 70
– 60
– 50
– 40
– 30
– 20
– 10
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

28 to 77
oF

––
––
––
–436
–400
–364
–328
–283
–238
–202
–184
–166
–148
–130
–112
– 94
– 76
– 58
– 40
– 22
– 4
14
32
33.8
35.6
37.4
39.2
41.0
42.8
44.6
46.4
48.2
50.0
51.8
53.6
55.4
57.2
59.0
60.8
62.6
64.4
66.2
68.0
69.8
71.6
73.4
75.2
77.0
78.8
80.6

oC




2.2
1.7
1.1
0.6
0.0
0.6
1.1
1.7
2.2
2.8
3.3
3.9
4.4
5.0
5.6
6.1
6.7
7.2
7.8
8.3
8.9
9.4
10.0
10.6
11.1
11.7
12.2
12.8
13.3
13.9
14.4
15.0
15.6
16.1
16.7
17.2
17.8
18.3
18.9
19.4
20.0
20.6
21.1
21.7
22.2
22.8
23.3
23.9
24.4
25.0

78 to 235

240 to 485

Given
Temp.

oF

oC

Given
Temp.

oF

28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77

82.4
84.2
86.0
87.8
89.6
91.4
93.2
95.0
96.8
98.6
100.4
102.2
104.0
105.8
107.6
109.4
111.2
113.0
114.8
116.6
118.4
120.2
122.0
123.8
125.6
127.4
129.2
131.0
132.8
134.6
136.4
138.2
140.0
141.8
143.6
145.4
147.2
149.0
150.8
152.6
154.4
156.2
158.0
159.8
161.6
163.4
165.2
167.0
168.8
170.6

25.6
26.1
26.7
27.2
27.8
28.3
28.9
29.4
30.0
30.6
31.1
31.7
32.2
32.8
33.3
33.9
34.4
35.0
35.6
36.1
36.7
37.2
37.8
41
43
46
49
52
54
57
60
63
66
68
71
74
77
79
82
85
88
91
93
96
99
102
104
107
110
113

78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160
165
170
175
180
185
190
195
200
205
210
215
220
225
230
235

172.4
174.2
176.0
177.8
179.6
181.4
183.2
185.0
186.8
188.6
190.4
192.2
194.0
195.8
197.6
199.4
201.2
203.0
204.8
206.6
208.4
210.2
212.0
221
230
239
248
257
266
275
284
293
302
311
320
329
338
347
356
365
374
383
392
401
410
419
428
437
446
455

oC

116
118
121
124
127
129
132
135
138
141
143
146
149
152
154
157
160
163
166
168
171
174
177
179
182
185
188
191
193
196
199
202
204
207
210
213
216
218
221
224
227
229
232
235
238
241
243
246
249
252

490 to 2400

Given
Temp.

oF

oC

Given
Temp.

oF

240
245
250
255
260
265
270
275
280
285
290
295
300
305
310
315
320
325
330
335
340
345
350
355
360
365
370
375
380
385
390
395
400
405
410
415
420
425
430
435
440
445
450
455
460
465
470
475
480
485

464
473
482
491
500
509
518
527
536
545
554
563
572
581
590
599
608
617
626
635
644
653
662
671
680
689
698
707
716
725
734
743
752
761
770
779
788
797
806
815
824
833
842
851
860
869
878
887
896
905

254
257
260
266
271
277
282
288
293
299
304
310
316
321
327
332
338
343
349
354
360
366
371
377
382
388
393
399
404
410
416
421
427
432
438
443
454
468
482
510
538
566
593
621
649
704
760
816
1093
1316

490
495
500
510
520
530
540
550
560
570
580
590
600
610
620
630
640
650
660
670
680
690
700
710
720
730
740
750
760
770
780
790
800
810
820
830
850
875
900
950
1000
1050
1100
1150
1200
1300
1400
1500
2000
2400

914
923
932
950
968
986
1004
1022
1040
1058
1076
1094
1112
1130
1148
1166
1184
1202
1220
1238
1256
1274
1292
1310
1328
1346
1364
1382
1400
1418
1436
1454
1472
1490
1508
1526
1562
1607
1652
1742
1832
1922
2012
2102
2192
2372
2552
2732
3632
4352

CONVERSION FACTORS
DEGREES FAHRENHEIT TO CELSIUS
(oF – 32) x 5/9 = oC

DEGREES CELSIUS TO FAHRENHEIT
(oC x 9/5) + 32 = oF

15

15

15
Temperature Conversion Chart

Useful Conversion Factors

16

USEFUL CONVERSION FACTORS – IMPERIAL TO METRIC (Approximate)
16

16
“SI” denotes the INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM of Metric Units adopted in Australia

MULTIPLY COLUMN “A” BY COLUMN “B” TO OBTAIN COLUMN “C”
ALTERNATIVELY
DIVIDE COLUMN “C” BY COLUMN “B” TO OBTAIN COLUMN “A”

THIS TABLE MAY BE USED IN TWO WAYS:
A
MULTIPLY

REMARKS

AREA: Symbol m2
The SI unit of AREA is
the SQUARE METRE.

DENSITY: Symbol kg/m

The SI unit of DENSITY is
the kilogram per cubic
metre.
ENERGY: Symbol J
The SI unit of ENERGY is
the JOULE.
1 J = 1 N.m
A joule is the energy
expended or the work
done when a force of one
newton moves the point
of application a distance
of one metre in the
direction of that force.

FORCE: Symbol N
(NEWTON)
The SI unit of FORCE
(kg.m/s2) has been given
the special name –
NEWTON.
The newton is the force
which when applied to a
body having a mass of
one kilogram, causes an
acceleration of one metre
per second in the direction
of application of the force.
FORCE PER UNIT
LENGTH:
The SI unit is NEWTON
PER METRE:
Symbol N/m

LENGTH: Symbol m
The SI unit of LENGTH is
the METRE.

MASS: Symbol kg
The SI unit of MASS is
the KILOGRAM.

C
TO OBTAIN

Square inches

645.16

mm2

Square feet

0.929

m2

Square yards

0.836

2

m

Acre

4047

m2

Hectare (ha)
3

B
BY

3

10 000

2

m

27.68

t/m

3

16.02

kg/m3

0.5933

kg/m3

lb/ft

lb/yd3
1. ELECTRICAL
ENERGY
kilowatt hour (kW.h)
2. HEAT ENERGY
British thermal unit
(Btu)
Btu/gal
Btu/ft3
3. MECHANICAL
ENERGY
foot poundal
ft.pdl
inch pound-force
in.lbf
foot pound-force
ft.lbf
foot ton force
ft.tonf
Metre kilogram
force m.kgf

3.6

1.055
0.2321
37.26

MJ

kJ
kJ/L ††
kJ/m3

0.2931

W

The SI unit of POWER is
the WATT.

horsepower (hp)

0.7457

kW

ton of refrigeration

3.517

kW

PRESSURE: Symbol Pa
The SI unit of
PRESSURE or stress is
the NEWTON PER
SQUARE METRE which
has been given the name
PASCAL.
1 N/m2 = 1Pa =
0.000145lbf/in2
A pascal is the pressure
or stress which arises
when a force of one
newton is applied
uniformly over an area of
one square metre.

TORQUE: Symbol N.m
(Moment of force)

.04214

J

0.1130

J

1.356

J

3.037

kJ

9.807

J

The SI unit of TORQUE is
the NEWTON METRE.
The newton metre is the
work done when a force
of one newton moves the
point of application a
distance of one metre in
the direction of that force.
1 N.m = 1 J

0.1383

N

Pound-force (lbf)

4.448

N

ton-force (tonf)

9.964

kN

VELOCITY: Symbol m/s

*kilogram-force
(kgf)

9.807

N

The SI unit of VELOCITY
is the METRE PER
SECOND.
VOLUME: CAPACITY:
Symbol m3

*also known as
kilopond (kp)

lbf/in2

6.895

kPa

kip/in2 (1000 psi)

6.895

MPa

lbf/ft2

47.88

Pa

kgf/cm2

98.07

kPa

100

kPa

bar
Vertical column
(head) of water.
(H20 at 20oC)
metres of water

9.79

kPa

feet of water

2.984

kPa

torr (vacuum)

0.1333

kPa

1mm Hg. (mercury)

0.1333

kPa

1in. Hg. (mercury)

3.386

kPa

atmosphere (atm)

101.325

kPa

0.133

Pa

.04214

N.m

0.1130
1.152

N.m
kgf.cm

1.356
13.83

N.m
kgf.cm

3.037

kN.m

9.807
0.09807

N.m
N.m

Poundal-foot
pdl.ft
pound-force inch
lbf.inch
lbf.inch
pound-force feet
lbf.ft
lbf.ft
ton-force feet
tonf.ft
kilogram-force
kgf.m
kgf.cm
ft. per second (ft/s)

0.3048

m/s

ft. per minute (ft/min)

0.00508

m/s

miles per hour

0.4470

m/s

miles per hour

1.609

km/h

16387

mm3

0.02832

m3

0.7646

m3

litre (L) ††

1 000 000

mm3

litre (L) ††

0.001

m3

0.004546

m3

fluid ounce

28.41

millilitre (ml)

pint (20 fl. oz)

568.3

millilitre (ml)

quart (2 pints)

1.137

litre (L) ††

gallon (Imp.)

4.546

litre (L) ††

DRY:
cubic inch (in3)
3

The SI unit of VOLUME is
the CUBIC METRE.
pounds-force per
inch (lbf/in)

175.1

N/m

pounds-force per
foot (lbf/ft)

14.59

N/m

ton-force per
foot (ton/ft)

32.69

kN/m

inches

C
TO OBTAIN

Btu per hour
(Btu/hr)

microns

Poundal (pdl)

B
BY

POWER: Symbol W

3

lb/in

A
MULTIPLY

REMARKS

cubic foot (ft )
3

cubic yard (yd )

gallons (Imp.)
IMPERIAL LIQUID
NOTE: ††
Capital “L” is now the legal
preferred symbol for litre
in Australia.

25.4

millimetres (mm)

feet

0.3048

metres (m)

yards

0.9144

metres (m)

gallon (US)

3.785

litre (L) ††

chain

20.12

metres (m)

litre (water 4oC)

1.000

kilogram (kg)

Imp. gallons
(water 20oC)

4.536

kilograms (kg)

Imp. gal. per minute
(gal/min)

.0000758

m3/s

Imp. gal. per minute

0.272765

m3/hr

Imp. gal. per minute

.0758

litre per
second (L/s)

cubic ft. per minute

.000472

m3/s

cubic ft. per minute

0.472

litre per second
(L/s) 1 m3 = 1 kL

miles per gallon

0.3540

km per litre

gallons per mile

2.825

litres per km

mile

1609

metres (m)

mile

1.609

kilometres (km)

ounce

28.35

grams (g)

pound

0.4536

kilograms (kg)

slug

14.59

kg

1016.05

kg

short ton (2000 lb)

907.2

kg

ton (2240 lb)

1.016

tonne (t)

pounds per foot
(lb/ft)

1.488

kg/m

pounds per yard
(lb/yd)

0.4961

kg/m

ton (2240 lb)

VOLUME: RATE OF
FLOW Symbol m3/s
The SI unit of VOLUME
RATE OF FLOW is the
CUBIC METRE PER
SECOND.

SUNDRY ITEMS:

TEMPERATURE
The SI unit of TEMPERATURE is the KELVIN – Symbol K
For most practical purposes of temperature measurement and most calculations involving temperatures, degrees Celsius, symbol oC will be used.
DEGREES FAHRENHEIT TO CELSIUS
(oF – 32) x 5/9 = oC

DEGREES CELSIUS TO FAHRENHEIT
(oC x 9/5) + 32 = oF