Geotextile Slope Protection 001-1

SPECIAL SPECIFICATION
GEOTEXTILE SLOPE PROTECTION
001.1 DESCRIPTION
Furnish labor, materials, equipment and incidentals necessary to install geotextile fabric. Use the
geotextile in erosion control applications under bedding stone or riprap along channels, shores,
and waterways, and under slope protection along highway cut or fill slopes as specified. The
geotextile shall be designed to allow passage of water while retaining insitu soil without clogging.
001.2 MATERIALS
A. PRODUCTS
GEOTEXTILE: Non-woven fabric consisting of U.V. stabilized polypropylene, formed into a
stable network by needle punching.
B. DESIGN CRITERIA
1. The geotextile fabric shall be inert to commonly encountered chemicals, hydrocarbons,
mildew and rot resistant, resistant to ultraviolet light exposure, insect and rodent resistant,
and conform to the properties in the following table.
2. The average roll minimum value (weakest principal direction) for strength properties of
any individual roll tested from the manufacturing lot or lots of a particular shipment shall
be in excess of the average roll minimum value (weakest principal direction) stipulated
herein.

Test Requirements:

Physical Properties
Average Roll Minimum Value
(Weakest Principal Direction)*
Grab Tensile Strength*
ASTM D4632 (Lbs)
300
Elongation at Failure*
ASTM D4632 (%)
50
Mullen Burst Strength
ASTM D3786 (psi)
580
Water Flow Rate
(gal/min/ft2) ASTM D4491
75
AOS(095) mm, ASTM D4751

0.150
Trapezoid Tear Strength*
ASTM D4533 (Lbs.)
115
Permeability – k
(cm/sec) ASTM D4491
0.1
Puncture Resistance
ASTM D4833 (modified) (Lbs.)
175

C. PACKING AND IDENTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
Provide the geotextile in rolls wrapped with protective covering to protect the geotextile from
mud, dirt, dust, and debris. The geotextile shall be free of defects or flaws which
significantly affect its physical properties. Label each roll of geotextile in the shipment with
a number or symbol to identify that production run.
D. SAMPLING AND COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS
Geotextile Slope Protection 001-2
A competent laboratory must be maintained by the producer of the geotextile at the point of
manufacture to insure quality control in accordance with ASTM testing procedures. The
laboratory shall maintain records of its quality control results and provide a manufacturer's
certificate upon request to the Engineer prior to shipment. The certificate shall include:
1. Name of manufacturer
2. Chemical composition
3. Product description
4. Statement of compliance to specification requirements
5. Signature of legally authorized official attesting to the information required
E. SUBMITTALS
Submittals shall include Record Data and Samples
001.3 CONSTRUCTION
F. Exposure of geotextiles to the elements between laydown and cover shall be a maximum of
14 days to minimize damage potential. Install the geotextile fabric in accordance with the
plans. Construction vehicles will not be allowed to traffic directly on the fabric. Place and
anchor geotextile on a smooth graded surface approved by the Engineer. The geotextile shall
be placed so that placement of the overlying materials will not excessively stretch or tear the
fabric. Anchoring of the terminal ends of the geotextile shall be accomplished through the
use of key trenches or aprons at the crest and the toe of the slope. Successive geotextile
sheets shall be overlapped so that the upstream sheet is placed over the downstream sheet
and/or upslope over downslope. In underwater applications, the geotextile and required
thickness of backfill material shall be placed the same day. The geotextile shall be placed so
that placement of the overlying materials will not excessively stretch or tear the fabric.
Overlaps when necessary shall be 12" minimum except when placed under water where the
overlap shall be a minimum of 36". Use securing pins when necessary to insure proper
anchoring of the fabric, with securing pins spaced at 5' to 10' centers. Securing pins shall be
3/16" steel bars, pointed at one end and fabricated with a head to retain a steel washer having
an outside diameter of not less than 1-1/2". The pin length shall not be less than 19". U-
shaped pins or special staples shall be an acceptable option, if approved by the Engineer.
G. The backfill placement shall begin at the toe and proceed up the slope. Back-dump the
aggregate onto the fabric and spread in a uniform lift maintaining design aggregate thickness.
Avoid over-stressing the soil by utilizing equipment in spreading and dumping that exerts
only moderate pressures on the soil. Severe rutting at the time of placement is an indication
of over-stressing the soil. Such soil over-stressing must be avoided. Increasing aggregate
depths and reducing loads are two methods of reducing pressures on the soil. Fill any ruts
that develop during spreading or compacting with additional aggregate rather than blading
from surrounding areas.
H. Either sewing or overlapping shall join the geotextile. Seams shall be subject to the approval
of the Engineer. Damaged geotextile shall be repaired with geotextile patch, placed over the
damaged area and extended 3' beyond the perimeter of the tear or damage.
001.4 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT

Geotextile shall be subsidiary to the measurement and payment of the articulating concrete
blocks. See Special Specification.