A SHRAE J OURNAL

46 ASHRAE J our nal Mar c h 1998
The most difficult challenge for James Dawson’s retrofit for the London Re-
gional Art and Historical Museums in Ontario, Canada, was to install piping
while the gallery was open without disrupting ceiling and art gallery wall ar-
eas. Meticulous advanced planning was necessary to meet this objective.
Ross D. Montgomery chose ice storage technology instead of a traditional chiller plant design for a campus that includes
an elementary and middle school.
1998 ASHRAE Technology Awards
ATLANTA—Thirteen ASHRAE mem-
bers received a 1998 Technology Award
for their contribution to innovative de-
signs that comply with ASHRAE Stan-
dards for indoor air quality and energy
efficiency. This is the 18
th
year that these
awards have been presented. The winners
were recognized in January at the
ASHRAE Winter Meeting in San Fran-
cisco. Plaques are also awarded to the
building owners for their support of in-
novative technologies.
The ASHRAE Technology Awards, es-
tablished in 1981, were originally known
as the ASHRAE Energy Awards. In 1991,
the name was changed to reflect the in-
clusion of indoor air quality and innova-
tion in the award’s criteria.
The winning projects are selected
through chapter, regional and interna-
tional contests by judges picked for their
expertise in the respective categories.
The Technical, Energy and Govern-
ment Activities (TEGA) Committee at
ASHRAE coordinates the competition
and judges the entries on the following
criteria: energy efficiency, indoor air
quality and thermal comfort, innovation,
operation and maintenance, cost effec-
tiveness and quality of presentation.
Presented here is a brief look at each
winning project. Starting with this issue,
the projects will be featured individually
in ASHRAE Journal through December.
The following article was published in ASHRAE Journal, March 1998. © Copyright 1998 American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.
It is presented for educational purposes only. This article may not be copied and/or distributed electronically or in paper form without permission of ASHRAE.
Mar c h 1998 ASHRAE J our nal 47
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48 ASHRAE J our nal Mar c h 1998
To address the disparate heating needs of the supercenter’s
grocery section and the rest of the store, Mukesh Kumar
Khattar chose to use an integrated water loop heat pump
system.
The 1998 Winners
Cate Cate Cate Cate Categor gor gor gor gory 1 - Commercial Buildings y 1 - Commercial Buildings y 1 - Commercial Buildings y 1 - Commercial Buildings y 1 - Commercial Buildings
First Place (New): Wayne S. Evans, Member ASHRAE, The
Hiller Group
Evans designed the mechanical systems for an expansion of
the Educational Testing Service’s campus in New Jersey. The
first phase includes two office buildings, each with 105,000 ft
2
(9755 m
2
) of office space. A 13,000 ft
2
(1207 m
2
) mechanical
equipment room in the basement of one building serves both
buildings and has the capacity to serve a future third building.
The project utilizes electric rotary screw chillers and a ther-
mal energy storage system that produces ice during the low-cost
off-peak hours. The ice melts during the day to replace or supple-
ment the normal source of chilled water and supplies 20% of the
total ton hours needed on a design cooling day. The use of the ice
storage saves operating costs and allows periodic maintenance of
the chiller in the cooling season. The low-temperature air allowed
smaller ductwork and AHUs to be installed which reduced con-
struction and fan operating costs. The system has a simple pay-
back of 3.1 years and a life-cycle payback of 5.2 years.
Second Place (New): Mukesh Kumar Khattar, P.E., Mem-
ber ASHRAE, Electric Power Research Institute
Khattar designed an innovative HVAC/refrigeration system
for a Wal-Mart supercenter in Oklahoma. The supercenter con-
tains 204,000 ft
2
(18 951 m
2
) of grocery, retail, stock and office
space. The disparate heating needs between the grocery sec-
tion and the rest of the store presented a design challenge, which
Khatter addressed by using an integrated water loop heat pump
system. Features of the system include: space conditioning and
refrigeration on a shared water loop, a non-CFC dual-path wa-
ter source heat pump that dehumidified and cooled fresh air
separately from recirculated air, a desuperheater using refrig-
eration waste heat for water heating, and variable amounts of
fresh air controlled via CO
2
and humidity sensors.
DOE-2 modeling predicted that the base case HVAC and
refrigeration use would constitute 5.06 million kWh (18 mil-
lion MJ) annually, while the energy used by the integrated sys-
tem was predicted to be only 3.90 million kWh (14 million
MJ)—a savings of 23%. The integrated approach to the
HVAC&R system created an energy-efficient and environmen-
tally responsible store.
Third Place (Existing): Cynthia A. Callaway, P.E., Mem-
ber ASHRAE, Kevin Davis, P.E., Member ASHRAE,
Southland Industries, and Arman Nehzati, Member
ASHRAE, Edison Envest
Callaway, Davis and Nehzati modified the systems of the
Chet Holifield Building in California, which was converted from
a manufacturing facility into general office space in 1974. The
six-story building has a total floor area of 1,054,420 ft
2
(97 956
m
2
) of which 915,320 ft
2
(85 033 m
2
) has to be conditioned.
The project’s goals were to address the issues of overall site
efficiency, outdoor air rates, employee comfort complaints and
electric utility bills. The design team added a more efficient
chiller and a 1.12 million gallon (4.23 million L) chilled wa-
ter storage tank to meet the facility’s cooling needs while shift-
ing most of the energy consumption to less costly off-peak
hours. The primary pumping system was converted to a pri-
mary-secondary system with variable speed secondary pumps,
which reduced the minimum horsepower from 150 hp to 15
hp (111 kW to 11 kW).
The air handling systems were modified by decommission-
ing one air handler, opening the isolation damper, reducing
the motor size and resheaving the remaining air handler, and
air balancing the system to the required airflow. The majority
1998 Technology Award Judges
• Ron Brown, P.E., Member ASHRAE, American Electric Power,
chair of ASHRAE Technical Committee (TC) 9.4, Applied Heat
Pump/Heat Recovery Systems.
• Lester Nakata, Member ASHRAE, Oahu Sales, Inc., chair of
1997-98 Refrigeration Committee and member of TC 10.07, Com-
mercial Food and Beverage Cooling Display and Storage.
• Ray Patenaude, P.E., Member ASHRAE, Alco Control Divi-
sion of Emerson Electric, 1997-98 Region XII Director and Re-
gional Chair, Multi-Disciplinary Standards Member.
• Kenneth Peet, P.E., Member ASHRAE, LSE Engineering,
member of TC 9.9, Building Commissioning.
• Thomas Reinarts, P.E., Member ASHRAE, Keller & Gannon,
vice chair of the Technical, Energy and Government Activities
Committee (TEGA).
• Jack Roberts, P.E., Fellow ASHRAE, Fanning, Fanning and
Associates, Inc., member of TC 4.10, Indoor Environmental
Modeling, TC 4.6, Building Operation Dynamics, and TC 4.2,
Weather Information.
• William Strunk, Member ASHRAE, The Trane Company, past
chair of TEGA.
• Pam Conway, Member ASHRAE, URS Greiner, Inc., special-
izes in preconditioned air systems including ethylene glycol pip-
ing distribution systems and centralized thermal energy storage.
Mar c h 1998 ASHRAE J our nal 49
A S H R A E T E C H N O L O G Y A WA R D S
of light fixtures were retrofitted, which produced savings of
1.21 million kWh (4.36 million MJ) annually. A DDC system
was installed to control the AHUs, chiller plant and thermal
energy storage system. The project resulted in a 29% reduc-
tion in energy consumption that saves $433,130 annually in
electric bills.
Category II – Institutional Buildings Category II – Institutional Buildings Category II – Institutional Buildings Category II – Institutional Buildings Category II – Institutional Buildings
First Place (New): Blair Thomas McCarry, P.E., Member
ASHRAE, Keen Engineering Company
McCarry designed an HVAC system for a 390,000 ft
2
(36
230 m
2
) library building in Ontario, Canada that includes an
underfloor supply air distribution system, ice storage system,
low temperature supply air system and dynamic thermal stor-
age. Heating is provided through heating water heat exchang-
ers. The unique underfloor system uses a low pressure, floor
plenum approach with an access floor consisting of removable
panels that provide easy access to wiring and equipment. The
underfloor system provides good indoor air quality and lower
cooling energy usage. The systems also create a drier interior
condition to support the preservation of the books. The ex-
posed concrete ceiling absorbs radiant heat during the day, and
on high cooling days the fans use outdoor air to purge the heat
during the night.
Simulations indicate that the ice storage and low tempera-
ture air systems would save $250,000 (Canadian dollars) in
capital costs and save $20,000 in operating costs annually. For
more information about this project, see page 78.
Second Place (New): Ross D. Montgomery, P.E., Member
ASHRAE, Siebe Environmental Controls
Montgomery designed the HVAC system for the Manatee
Education Center in Florida. This campus consists of a 103,114
ft
2
(9579 m
2
) elementary school and a 166,162 ft
2
(15 436 m
2
)
middle school. The campus operates under parameters set forth
by the Collier County Schools Energy Conservation plant.
Montgomery chose the more energy-efficient ice storage tech-
nology instead of a traditional chiller plant design. The ice stor-
age system makes it possible to substantially decrease the inte-
rior humidity level, which is especially necessary in Florida. A
DDC system is programmed to operate the AHUs and unit ven-
tilators only during the school day hours.
The system saves $47,000 annually in energy costs. Because
Blair Thomas McCarry designed an underfloor supply air
distribution system for a 390,000 ft
2
(36 230 m
2
) library
building. Removable panels provide access to the underfloor
wiring and equipment, resulting in flexibility for adding new
computers and other equipment.
David Dinse replaced the two-pipe chilled water system at a 26-year-old high school with a geothermal heat pump
system, geothermal heat exchanger and variable flow pumping.
Wayne S. Evans designed the mechanical system for two
office buildings owned by the Educational Testing Service.
Evans used a system with two rotary screw chillers and 16
ice storage tanks that has a simple payback of 3.1 years
and a life-cycle payback of 5.2 years.
See Tech Awards, Page 51
50 ASHRAE J our nal Mar c h 1998
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Mar c h 1998 ASHRAE J our nal 51
A S H R A E T E C H N O L O G Y A WA R D S
the electric utility offered an incentive payment, the simple
payback is about 1.5 years.
Honorable Mention (Existing): William P. Taillie, Mem-
ber ASHRAE, Genesee Heating
Taillie designed a retrofit of the Sisters of Mercy
Motherhouse in New York. The 230,824 ft
2
(21 443 m
2
) facil-
ity was built in the 1930s and is used as a school, nursing home
and convent. The retrofit changed the conventional vacuum
return system so that when the heat demand is low, the vacuum
on the return system reduces the pressure in the boilers and
eventually creates a vacuum in the boilers themselves. There-
fore, the boilers, under high vacuum, produce steam at tem-
peratures lower than 150°F (66°C) and still comfortably heat
the building.
The lower boiler temperatures reduce standby loss and the
shorter burner running times save electricity and reduce equip-
ment wear. The lower temperature also uses less fresh water
make up which reduces the amount of chemicals used. A DDC
controls the boilers and the vacuum pumps. The cost of adding
boiler controls to the boilers in vacuum was $8,600. The facil-
ity is saving $9,437 per year, which is a simple payback of
0.91 years.
Cate Cate Cate Cate Categor gor gor gor gory IV – Industrial F y IV – Industrial F y IV – Industrial F y IV – Industrial F y IV – Industrial Facilities or Processes acilities or Processes acilities or Processes acilities or Processes acilities or Processes
First Place (Existing): Alfred E. Guntermann, P.E., Fellow
ASHRAE, Guntermann Engineering
Guntermann designed a replacement chiller system for a
large industrial facility in Connecticut that manufactures foam
rubber pillows and mattresses using refrigeration units to pro-
duce –20°F (−28°C) glycol, which freezes the latex foam com-
pound. The amount of chiller energy to make a pillow or mat-
tress includes aluminum molds that are glycol-to-latex rubber
heat exchangers, latex rubber compound, pump energy and
dead load glycol. Chiller capacity was increased from 180 tons
to 240 tons (633 to 844 kW). Since the new screw compres-
sors are more reliable than the original reciprocating compres-
sors, the manufacture was able to utilize the full 240 tons (844
kW) to increase production.
The installed cost for the new screw chiller system with a
variable speed drive, evaporative condensers, two new me-
chanical equipment rooms, ventilation systems, ammonia de-
tection systems, plus piping modifications was $800,000. The
annual cost of the original chillers was $235,100 as compared
to the new system’s $85,491 annual cost. The $149,625 an-
nual savings provide a 5.35 year simple payback. Also, the
annual production rate was doubled by increasing the pump-
ing system for an additional $135,000. The new system would
have an annual energy cost of $238,817 compared to the origi-
nal chiller’s equivalent annual cost of $522,747. The combined
initial cost of $935,000 and annual savings of $283,930 pro-
vides a payback of only 3.29 years.
Honorable Mention (Existing): Brian O’Donnell, Member
ASHRAE, Robert N. Greenwald, P.Eng., Member
ASHRAE, Prism Engineering, Ltd.
O’Donnell and Greenwald designed an energy management
retrofit for the Vancouver Operations Centre in Vancouver,
B.C. that was constructed in 1969 with a floor area of 1,006,000
ft
2
(93 457 m
2
). The building holds 4,500 employees with
some areas of the building continuously occupied. The retro-
fit was implemented on the building’s lighting, HVAC and con-
trol systems. New T8 fluorescent lamps, high efficiency Metal
Halide fixtures and lighting controls were installed resulting
in an energy reduction of 43% of the previous lighting de-
mand. Reducing the lighting load also reduced heat gain to the
interior, which lowered its cooling load by 15%.
The dual-duct HVAC system was converted to a VAV sys-
tem, 28 variable speed drives were installed on supply and re-
turn fans, solar film was added to the windows to allow four
rooftop units to be shut down and the building automation sys-
tem was expanded by 150 points.
The total retrofit cost was $1.9 million (Canadian dollars).
The electrical utility contributed $750,000 as part of their de-
mand side management program. Post-retrofit reduction in costs
for 1996 were $555,800. The result is a simple payback of two
years after the utility rebate.
Cate Cate Cate Cate Categor gor gor gor gory y y y y V – Pub V – Pub V – Pub V – Pub V – Public lic lic lic lic Assemb Assemb Assemb Assemb Assembl ll lly yy yy
First Place (New): Robert Towell, P.E., Member ASHRAE,
Robert Towell & Associates
Towell designed an HVAC system for the Trans World
Dome’s addition at America’s Center in St. Louis. The 1.7
million ft
2
(157 930 m
2
) exhibition hall and football stadium
includes the exhibit floor, meeting rooms, truck dock, admin-
istrative offices, spectator seating, restrooms and concessions.
The building layout was very favorable for a reverse return
piping arrangement. The cooling plant includes six 1,250 ton
(4396 kW) and one 500 ton (1758 kW) water-cooled centrifu-
gal refrigeration machines with individual chilled and con-
denser water pumps. Luxury suites have their own air-condi-
tioning units so that the suites can be used for special functions
without starting a larger system.
The heating system incorporates a two-stage heat exchanger
with the second stage designed to sub-cool the condensate to
150°F (66°C), resulting in 10% less steam consumption. Roof-
mounted fans provide a smoke control system that furnishes
one million cfm (471 900 L/s) for exhibit floor space exhaust.
The fans are also used for general ventilation.
Harry John Boody used a total systems design approach
for a three-level 12,936 ft
2
(1200 m
2
) student housing apart-
ment building to create an energy efficient, environmen-
tally-sensitive structure with good IAQ.
Tech Awards, From Page 49
52 ASHRAE J our nal Mar c h 1998
Robert Towell designed an HVAC
system for the Trans World Dome sta-
dium and exhibition hall. The over-
hanging band near the top provides
a location for supply air ductwork to
the upper seating and a horizontal
outside air intake underneath.
Honorable Mention (Existing): James Dawson, P.Eng.,
Member ASHRAE, Rose Technology Group, Ltd.
Dawson designed the retrofit for the London Regional Art
and Historical Museums, which contain over 20,000 artifacts.
The goals of the project were to improve space conditions,
minimize energy consumption and maintenance costs without
impacting the aesthetics of the interior or exterior of the facil-
ity. The most difficult challenge was to install hot water piping
while the gallery was in operation and without disrupting ceil-
ing and art gallery wall areas. Meticulous planning and special
features such as drain pans under piping and coils in gallery
walls were used to satisfy the unique needs of the museum.
The building’s humidity and dehumidification systems could
not maintain the 50% rh needed to preserve the artifacts. The
project team installed a new compressed air atomizing system
to provide economical humidification. Other aspects of the
retrofit include installing a gas-fired hydronic heating system,
adding new ductwork to allow free cooling and adding a mo-
torized isolation valve to the chilled water system to lower the
supply water temperature. Energy savings in 1996 were
$169,460. The payback of the total project cost is projected to
be five years.
Cate Cate Cate Cate Categor gor gor gor gory y y y y VI – Residential VI – Residential VI – Residential VI – Residential VI – Residential
First Place (New): Harry John Boody, Member ASHRAE,
Energy Innovations by Harry Boody
Boody designed the systems for a three-level 12,936 ft
2
(1200 m
2
) student housing apartment building in Greensboro,
N.C. The total conditioned space is 103,488 ft
3
(2 930 780 L).
Boody used a total systems design approach to create a com-
fortable, energy efficient and environmentally-sensitive struc-
ture. Energy saving features of the apartments include sealing
windows with a foam rubber material, custom fitting each piece
of insulation and using 1.5 ton (5.28 kW) heat pumps and a
low velocity duct system for each apartment.
To ensure good indoor air quality, bathroom fans were re-
placed with ERV exhaust air outlets. Indoor stale air is ex-
hausted across the energy core, thereby reclaiming the exhaust
energy into the pre-filtered incoming fresh air. The fresh air is
then fed directly into the HVAC system return plenum to be
distributed throughout the apartment. The additional cost to
implement this total systems design was $21,720, which in-
creased the mortgage payment by $213 per month. However,
monthly energy and interest tax savings were $223. The project
is expected to have a tax-free return on investment of 10%
over the life of the mortgage.
Cate Cate Cate Cate Categor gor gor gor gory y y y y VII – VII – VII – VII – VII – Alter Alter Alter Alter Alternati nati nati nati nativ vv vve and/or e and/or e and/or e and/or e and/or
Renewable Energy Use Renewable Energy Use Renewable Energy Use Renewable Energy Use Renewable Energy Use
Second Place: Thomas A. Talley, P.E., Member ASHRAE,
T.A. Talley, Jr. and Co.
Talley designed the HVAC retrofit for a 60,000 ft
2
(5574
m
2
) office building that was built in 1973 in Virginia. The origi-
nal HVAC system consisted of an all-electric water source heat
pump system with closed-circuit cooling tower and electric
boiler. The replacement system consists of a closed loop, ver-
tical bore, geothermal heat pump system with a geothermal
borefield located beneath the parking lot. By using the exist-
ing piping system, the new geothermal heat pumps were re-
placed on a unit-by-unit basis and required only minimal shut-
down of the HVAC system. The replacement of the units re-
duced maintenance costs by $125,000 per year. The removal
of the tower and boiler further reduced maintenance costs. The
total cost to replace the system was $585,000; total annual sav-
ings are $192,000 resulting in a simple payback of three years.
Third Place: David Dinse, P.E., Member ASHRAE, Ten-
nessee Valley Authority
Dinse designed the replacement heating and cooling system
for a high school in Tennessee. The 160,000 ft
2
(14 864 m
2
)
school was built in 1971 and used a two-pipe chilled water
system for cooling and electric resistance heat. The replace-
ment system consists of a geothermal heat pump with a closed
loop geothermal heat exchanger and variable flow pumping.
The annual energy and maintenance savings for the school are
$37,000 resulting in a simple payback of six years. The school
system is so pleased with the performance of the new system
that they have installed the system in two other locations.