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AP Environmental Science
Summer Assignment

The Summer Assignment is due on the first day of class
and will count as 15% of your First Quarter Grade.

Questions? Email Mr. Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe.org

omnivore. where applicable. Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe.org . You may use references attached to this assignment and any other resources as needed. biotic.Information Processing. Draw an example of a food chain containing at least four organisms. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 2-3. secondary consumer. 1.Concept Formation and Review Basic Science Knowledge and Skills = 60% Part 2 . Contrast environmental science with ecology. decomposer. producer. The assignment is due on the FIRST DAY OF CLASS.Page |2 AP Environmental Science Summer Assignment (This assignment is due on the first day of class!) Part 1 . autotroph. It is a challenging and rewarding course. tertiary consumer Questions? Email Mr. you will be required to complete the following assignment as part of your preparation. PART 1: Review (60 points) The questions below are to help you review basic math and science skills as well as knowledge from your previous courses. As a precursor. and will count as 15% of your first marking period grade. primary consumer. herbivore. carnivore. you should already be familiar with these concepts. When you begin AP Environmental Science. You may use additional paper if needed. Critical Thinking and Decision Making = 40% Congratulations on your decision to take AP Environmental Science (APES). Answer questions in the space provided. heterotroph. Show all work. Correctly label each organism in your food chain with all of the terms that apply (each organism may have more than one label): abiotic.

org . What is the Greenhouse Effect? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 5-7.Page |3 4. Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe. Discuss three primary factors that determine climate zones._______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Grassland -____________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Taiga -_______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Deciduous forest-______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Questions? Email Mr. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 8. What is a biome? Give a brief general description of each of the following biomes (including location. general flora and fauna): Define: Biome -________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Desert. What is Climate Change? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 9-12.

Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe. For each of the following four types of molecules. explain what it is used for in living things.__________________________________________________________________________ Nucleic acids ._____________________________________________________________________ 21. What is a hectare?______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 14-15.___________________________________________________________________ Lipids . and provide at least one example: Carbohydrates .Page |4 13. What is evolution? Explain how evolution happens. What are Prokaryotes? Eukaryotes? How are they similar/different? Answer this question using a chart or a Venn Diagram.____________________________________________________________________________ Proteins . ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Questions? Email Mr. 16. What is the relationship between Photosynthesis and Cellular respiration? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 17-20.org .

_____CO2 + ______H2O  _______C6H12O6 + ______O2 29-30. Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe. What is concentration? What is pH? What is the equation for pH? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 25-26 Explain the Law of Conservation of Matter. Find the heat required to raise the temperature of 193g of ethanol from 19oC to 35oC.org . Ans. identify the reactants and the products.______________ Questions? Email Mr. The specific heat of ethanol is 2. Balance the chemical equation below.Page |5 22-23. What is Entropy? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 27-28. Explain the First and Second Laws of Thermodymanics.46 J/g oC. What are the three main parts of an atom and how do they relate to atomic number and atomic mass? How is an atom different from a molecule? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 24.

________________ e.org ._________________ 35-36._________________ b._________________ c. Nitrite Ans._________________ 32-34. Ammonium Ans. Nitrate Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Ans.________________ 37-38. What factors create carbonic acid? Write the balance equation for how it forms from two common molecules.________________ b. Methane Ans. Ozone Ans. Carbonate Ans.__________________________________________________ 39-40. Carbon dioxide Ans. What is this speed in m/s? Ans. Sulfate Ans._________________ e. Nitric acid Ans. Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe.Page |6 30-31.________________ c._________________ d.8 g/cm3? Ans. The speed limit on parts of I-80 is 65 mph._________________ f._________________ Questions? Email Mr. Sulfuric acid Ans. What is the formula for the following compounds? a.05 mg of a substance with a density of 1.________________ d. What is the volume of 3116. Write the proper formula for the following six ions: a. Phosphate Ans.

Ans. Put the number 5. How much will remain of a one gram sample after it undergoes 3 half-lives? Ans.org . In the gas law P1V1 = P2V2 at constant temperature.__________________ 43-44. Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe.________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Genuine Progress Indicator.____________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Questions? Email Mr.000 years. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 42.888.__________________ 45-49 Define the following terms: Precautionary Principle-_____________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Sustainability-_______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Ecological Footprint.Page |7 40-41. are pressure and volume directly or indirectly (inversely) proportional? Explain.429 into scientific notation using 4 significant figures._________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Positive Feedback Loop. Plutonium-239 has a half-life of 24.

5 2. Explain what is happening in the lake that is causing the observed results.5 3.5 1. The dissolved oxygen measurements are shown below: Time 6 AM 8 AM 10 AM 12 PM 2 PM 4 PM 6 PM 8 PM 10 PM 12 AM 2 AM 4 AM Dissolved Oxygen Concentration (mg/L) 0. How might an increased level of wastes and nutrients (such as nitrates and phosphates) flowing into the lake affect the amount of dissolved oxygen that is available for the lake’s aquatic organisms to use? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Questions? Email Mr.5 4.Page |8 50-52: A scientist measures the dissolved oxygen concentration in the top 30 cm of Budd Lake.org . plot the results using a line graph.5 6.5 6.5 Using the following graph.0 1. Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe.5 2.0 5.0 0. 53-55.5 3.

__________________ 57-60. 52 mm = _______ cm 60. Convert the following measurements (use attached reference charts): Example #1 678. 0. wind) -Water Pollution Questions? Email Mr. fossil fuels. Some examples of environmental issues you may wish to look for are: -Chemical contamination -Population issues -Oil spills -Pesticides -Air Pollution -Climate Change -Habitat destruction -Endangered or threaten species -Urban sprawl -Energy resources (e.Page |9 56.. titled The Environmental Times. magazines.033 kg = ______ dg 59. find 5 different news items that pertain to environmental issues.6789 km) 57.g. Each of your items needs to be summarized into your own headline and article. or online news sources.9 m = _______ km (0.org . You are going to use these current events to create the “front page” of a newspaper. and they must be dated between January 2014 and August 2014. 4 das = ________ ds PART 2: Environmental Science In The News (40 points) The field of Environmental Science is constantly changing. 50505 ms = __________s 58. Additionally. STEP 1: Select your articles. Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe. you will write an editorial column for your front page. Each article should be three or more paragraphs in length. What is the term used to describe the above effect in a lake? Ans. media sources and possible bias. solar. to help you understand current environmental issues. You will need to turn in the articles with your summer assignment! You may turn in the original articles or make copies. These articles can be from the newspaper.

as long as you include all of the necessary components. As you summarize each article. STEP 3: Write a headline and a summary for each article (in your own words) Each summary should be at least 1-2 paragraphs in length. and it should not be larger than approximately 17”x22” (which is about the size of 2 sheets of paper taped together). you will write an editorial. use a program like Microsoft Publisher and submit your Environmental Times to me via email before the first class meeting: tschultze@mtoliveboe. Questions? Email Mr.5”x11” in size.org. Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe. If you create a hard copy. the text of your summaries and editorial must be single-spaced and 10-12 point font.P a g e | 10 STEP 2: Carefully read each of your articles. STEP 5: Write an Editorial Column As the sixth item on your front page.org . Feel free to be as creative as you like. or Century Gothic. consider the following questions (as they apply to each article): -When does this environmental event take place? -Where is this happening? -Who is involved? How are they affected? -What is the cause of the problem or event? What are the effects? -How severe is this problem or event? -Why is this environmental problem or event significant? STEP 4: Find pictures or images to include on your front page to accompany your news stories. Acceptable font styles include Times New Roman. and it must be at least 200 words in length: What do you think is the most critical environmental problem we are facing today? Be sure to EXPLAIN the problem. Look at the front page of a few newspapers to help you get ideas. Your editorial should express your response to the following questions. Why do you think that this problem is the most critical? What do you think could be done to help solve this problem? STEP 6: Assemble the front page of your issue of the Environmental Times You can type the information and physically cut/paste each piece onto your front page. Remember to organize your front page so it is easy-to-read and visually appealing. To be more environmentally friendly. your front page should be at least 8. Courier New. however. No large poster board. please! All headlines and stories for your front page MUST be typed! The size and font of your headlines is up to you. Your front page must have at least three relevant pictures that help the reader understand the article.

contains some mechanical errors. and does not meet the size/font requirements Pictures and text are incomplete or assembled in an illogical manner _______/3 ______/3 Front page shows no creativity _______/4 TOTAL _______/40 Questions? Email Mr. contains many mechanical errors.org . and meets all size/font requirements Errors are apparent . and meets all size/font requirements Front page is very wellorganized.no clear connection between the content and the environment Front page is somewhat organized. concise manner that communicates the key points of the stories/editorial Pictures and text are assembled in a generally logical manner Some original thought was shown and Front page shows that a generally creative approach was used Front page shows that some creativity was used Front page shows that minimal creativity was used Relevance Organization and Mechanics Formatting Creativity _______/24 _______/6 Front page shows little organization. and does not meet one of the size/font requirements. Summary/ editorial reflects a thorough understanding of all of the aspects of the issue or event Summary/ editorial reflects a general understanding of all of the aspects of the issue or event Summary/ editorial reflects a general understanding of most of the aspects of the issue or event Summary/ editorial reflects an incomplete understanding of the issue or event 4 points possible per article x 6 articles = Most of the selections demonstrate a connection to environmental issues A portion of the articles are clearly connected to relevant issues No true relevance is shown or interpreted.P a g e | 11 Scoring Rubric for Part 2: Criteria/Level 5 4 3 2 1 Score Content Each summary and the editorial will be assessed separately for content Summary/ editorial reflects an insightful and unique understanding of all of the aspects of the issue or event Content is highly relevant to environmental issues. Front page is exceptionally wellorganized. contains some mechanical errors. contains 1-2 mechanical errors. Pictures and text are assembled in a highly attractive manner that effectively communicate s the key points of the stories /editorial Original thought is apparent and Front page shows a highly unique and creative approach Pictures and text are assembled in an attractive manner that communicates the key points of the stories/editorial Pictures and text are assembled in a clear. Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe. and meets all size/font requirements Front page is wellorganized. contains no mechanical errors.

-2 MOVE DECIMAL POINT TO THE LEFT. multiplication.11 x 10 = 0.06 both have only one sig. subtraction. Sandwich”) 8.fig. ZEROES BETWEEN TWO SIGNIFICANT DIGITS ARE ALWAYS SIGNIFICANT.01 (1/100) 10 = 0.. 2) ZEROES BETWEEN TWO NONZERO DIGITS ARE ALWAYS SIGNIFICANT.3208 5. 3 1230 written as 1. 3) ZEROES TO THE LEFT OF NONZERO DIGITS ARE NOT SIGNIFICANT.figs. UNLESS WRITTEN IN SCIENTIFIC NOTATION FOR CLARIFICATION or UNLESS A DECIMAL POINT IS PLACED AFTER THE LAST ZERO. 49.P a g e | 12 APES Review Notes: Significant Figures. SI/Metric System SIGNIFICANT FIGURES: “Sig. Fig. (3.fig.Fig” Review General Rules 1) ALL NONZERO DIGITS ARE ALWAYS SIGNIFICANT. THE ANSWER MAY CONTAIN ONLY AS MANY DECIMAL PLACES AS THE LEAST ACCURATE VALUE. 5) TERMINAL ZEROES NOT INVOLVING A DECIMAL POINT ARE NOT SIGNIFICANT.23 x 10 has three sig.figs.000 and 9.fig.0006 and 0. (“Sig. 4) TERMINAL ZEROES AFTER THE DECIMAL POINT ARE ALWAYS SIGNIFICANT. (3.0464135 1. or 1. is less than 5 4. Scientific Notation.11 x 10 = 311) 2) NEGATIVE EXPONENTS INDICATE MAKING A NUMBER SMALLER. 5. 0.figs.. and division rules 1) IN ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION.046 adjusted n SCIENTIFIC NOTATION: M x 10 format Exponent examples 0 1 2 3 10 = 1 10 = 10 10 = 100 10 = 1000 -1 -2 -3 10 = 0.909 and 1005 both have four sig. THE ANSWER MAY CONTAIN ONLY AS MANY DECIMAL PLACES AS THE LEAST ACCURATE VALUE USED. 3 1230 written as 1230.26  4.3 2) Round down if the number after the last sig.40 = 1. is 5 or greater 4.0311) Questions? Email Mr. 2 MOVE DECIMAL POINT TO THE RIGHT.2 and 27 both have two sig.21  4.figs.figs.3 adjusted 2) IN MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION.2208 + 0.org .820 both have four sig.1 = 5.1 (1/10) 10 = 0.2 Addition.600 / 47. Rounding Rules 1) Round up if the number after the last sig.230 x 10 has four sig.001 (1/1000) Scientific notation rules 1) POSITIVE EXPONENTS INDICATE MAKING A NUMBER LARGER. Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe. 1. 4.

Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe.P a g e | 13 THE METRIC SYSTEM SI = International System of Units SI BASE UNIT NAME length meter mass kilogram time second temperature Kelvin amount of substance mole electric current ampere luminous (light) intensity candela SYMBOL m kg s K mol A cd Common SI DERIVED UNITS NAME SYMBOL area square meter m volume cubic meter m 3 (1L = 1 dm speed velocity & 2 3 3 1 mL = 1 cm = 1 cc) meter per second meter per second m/s m/s (with direction) acceleration meter per second squared density gram per cubic centimeter m/s 3 g/cm (mass/volume) METRIC PREFIXES Factor Name Symbol 24 yotta Y 10 21 zetta Z 10 18 exa E 10 15 peta P 10 12 tera T 10 9 giga G 10 6 mega M 10 3 kilo k 10 2 hecto h 10 1 deka da 10 -1 deci d 10 -2 centi c 10 -3 milli m 10 -6 micro μ 10 -9 nano n 10 -12 pico p 10 -15 femto f 10 -18 atto a 10 -21 zepto z 10 2 Questions? Email Mr.org .

P a g e | 14 Questions? Email Mr. Schultze @ tschultze@mtoliveboe.org .