VIETNAM NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, HANOI

UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
------------
SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM
Independence – Freedom – Happne!!
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E#AMINATION $UESTIONS AND E#ERCISES
%& Co'r!e In(orma)on
- Course title: Signals and Sste!s
- Course I": ELT#$%&
- Nu!'er o( )redits: $%
- Nu!'er o( )redit *ours +Le),La',-re./: 0& +0#,%,$/
- -resi1uisite: MAT2$3&
- Course grou.: Co!.ulsor  Ele)ti4e 
*& Lec)'rer+! In(orma)on
Le V' Ha, PhD.
5a)ult o( Ele)troni)s and Tele)o!!uni)ations
Uni4ersit o( Engineering and Te)*nolog
Vietna! National Uni4ersit, Hanoi
-*one nu!'er: +$0/ %6&0 3#62 E!ail: *al474nu8edu84n
,& L!) o( $'e!)on! and E-erc!e!
,&%& M'.)p.e/c0oce 1'e!)on!
9uestion 28 :*i)* one o( t*e (ollo;ing state!ents is INCORRECT<
A8 An energ signal )an not 'e .eriodi)8
=8 A .o;er signal )an not *a4e (inite energ8
C8 A sinusoidal is a .o;er signal8
"8 A (inite-lengt* signal )an 'e a .o;er signal8
9uestion #8 :*i)* one o( t*e (ollo;ing state!ents is INCORRECT<
A8 T*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a )ausal LTI sste! is a )ausal signal8
=8 T*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a sta'le LTI sste! is an energ signal8
C8 T*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a sta'le LTI sste! is a (inite-lengt* signal8
"8 T*e (re1uen) res.onse o( a dis)rete-ti!e sta'le LTI sste! is a )ontinuous-
(re1uen) (un)tion8
E8 T*e (re1uen) res.onse o( a dis)rete-ti!e LTI sste! is .eriodi)8
9uestion %8 >i4en a sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e e1uation y+n/−y+n−2/ ? x+n/, ;*i)* one o(
t*e (ollo;ing state!ents is INCORRECT a'out t*is sste!<
A8 T*e sste! is linear8
=8 T*e sste! is ti!e-in4ariant8
C8 T*e sste! is sta'le8
"8 T*e sste! is )ausal8
Types of credit hours: Lecture hours; Tutorial/Lab hours; Self preparatory hours.
9uestion 08 :*i)* one o( t*e (ollo;ing state!ents is INCORRECT<
A8 All .oles o( a sta'le )ontinuous-ti!e )ausal LTI sste! !ust 'e in t*e rig*t *al(
o( t*e s-.lane8
=8 All .oles o( a sta'le dis)rete-ti!e )ausal LTI sste! !ust 'e inside t*e unit )ir)le
in t*e @-.lane8
C8 T*e region o( )on4ergen)e +ROC/ o( t*e trans(er (un)tion o( a sta'le )ontinuous-
ti!e LTI sste! !ust )ontain t*e jω aAis o( t*e s-.lane8
"8 T*e region o( )on4ergen)e +ROC/ o( t*e trans(er (un)tion o( a sta'le dis)rete-
ti!e LTI sste! !ust )ontain t*e unit )ir)le in t*e @-.lane8
9uestion &8 :*i)* one o( t*e (ollo;ing signals is NOT .eriodi):
A8 x(t )=[ )os(#πt )]
#
=8
x(t )=

k =−∞
+∞
(t −% k )
, ;*ere (t)=
{
$ (t≤−2∨t >2)
2+t (−2<t≤$)
2−t ($<t ≤2)
C8 x(t )=

k =−&
&
(t −# k) , ;*ere (t)=
{
$ (t≤−2∨t >2)
2+t (−2<t≤$)
2−t ($<t ≤2)
"8 x( n)=(−2)
n
9uestion B8 :*i)* one o( t*e (ollo;ing signals is NOT .eriodi):
A8 x(n)=)os(#n)
=8 x(n)=)os(#π n)
C8 x(n)=

k=−∞
+∞
{(−2)
k
[ δ(n−#k )+δ(n+%k)]}
"8 x( n)=#sin(0πn/23)+)os(2$ πn/23)+2
9uestion 68 :*i)* o( t*e sste!s des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse res.onses is
!e!orless<
A8 h(t)=)os (πt )
=8 h(t)=e
−# t
u(t−2)
C8 h(t)=u(t +2)
"8 h(t)=% δ(t )
9uestion C8 :*i)* o( t*e sste!s des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse res.onses is
!e!orless<
A8 h(n)=(−2)
n
u(−n)
=8 h(n)=(2/ #)
∣n∣
C8 h( n)=#
n
[ u( n)−u(n−2)]
"8 h(n)=)os( πn/C)[u( n)−u(n−2$)]
9uestion 38 :*i)* o( t*e sste!s des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse res.onses is
)ausal<
#
A8 h(t)=)os (πt )
=8 h(t)=e
−# t
u(t−2)
C8 h(t)=u(t +2)
"8 h( t )=)os(πt )u(−t )
9uestion 2$8 :*i)* o( t*e sste!s des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse res.onses is
)ausal<
A8 h(n)=(−2)
n
u(−n)
=8 h(n)=(2/ #)
∣n∣
C8 h(n)=u( n)−# u(n−&)
"8 h(n)=sin(πn/#)
9uestion 228 :*i)* o( t*e sste!s des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse res.onses is
sta'le<
A8 h(t)=)os (πt )
=8 h(t)=e
−# t
u(t−2)
C8 h(t)=u(t +2)
"8 h(t )=)os(πt )u(−t )
9uestion 2#8 :*i)* o( t*e sste!s des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse res.onses is
sta'le<
A8 h(n)=sin(πn/#)
=8 h(n)=(−2)
n
u(−n)
C8 h(n)=u( n)−#u(n−&)
"8 h(n)=

k=$
+∞
δ(n−#k )
9uestion 2%8 :*i)* o( t*e (ollo;ing sste!s is a )ausal linear ti!e-in4ariant sste!<
A8 y(t )=(t −2) x(t )
=8 yt =xt −# xt / #
C8 yn=xny n−2
"8 yn=∣xn−xn−2∣
9uestion 208 :*at is t*e a..ro.riate 5ourier re.resentation o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=e
−t
)os( #πt )u(t )
A8 T*e )ontinuous-ti!e 5ourier trans(or! +5T/8
=8 T*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or! +"T5T/8
C8 T*e )ontinuous-ti!e 5ourier series +5S/8
"8 T*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier series +"T5S/8
%
9uestion 2&8 :*at is t*e a..ro.riate 5ourier re.resentation o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x( n)=
{
)os( πn/2$)+ j sin (πn/ 2$) (∣n∣<2$)
$ (∣n∣≥2$)
A8 T*e )ontinuous-ti!e 5ourier trans(or! +5T/8
=8 T*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or! +"T5T/8
C8 T*e )ontinuous-ti!e 5ourier series +5S/8
"8 T*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier series +"T5S/8
9uestion 2B8 :*at is t*e a..ro.riate 5ourier re.resentation o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=e
2+t
u(#−t )
A8 T*e )ontinuous-ti!e 5ourier trans(or! +5T/8
=8 T*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or! +"T5T/8
C8 T*e )ontinuous-ti!e 5ourier series +5S/8
"8 T*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier series +"T5S/8
9uestion 268 :*at is t*e a..ro.riate 5ourier re.resentation o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=∣sin(#πt )∣
A8 T*e )ontinuous-ti!e 5ourier trans(or! +5T/8
=8 T*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or! +"T5T/8
C8 T*e )ontinuous-ti!e 5ourier series +5S/8
"8 T*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier series +"T5S/8
9uestion 2C8 :*at is t*e a..ro.riate des)ri.tion o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
i!.ulse res.onse:
h( t )=δ(t )−#e
−#t
u( t )
A8 A lo;-.ass (ilter8
=8 A *ig*-.ass (ilter8
C8 A 'and-.ass (ilter8
"8 A 'and-reDe)t (ilter8
9uestion 238 :*at is t*e a..ro.riate des)ri.tion o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
i!.ulse res.onse:
h(t )=0e
−#t
)os(&$t )
A8 A lo;-.ass (ilter8
=8 A *ig*-.ass (ilter8
C8 A 'and-.ass (ilter8
"8 A 'and-reDe)t (ilter8
9uestion #$8 :*at is t*e a..ro.riate des)ri.tion o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
i!.ulse res.onse:
h( n)=
2
C
(
6
C
)
n
u(n)
0
A8 A lo;-.ass (ilter8
=8 A *ig*-.ass (ilter8
C8 A 'and-.ass (ilter8
"8 A 'and-reDe)t (ilter8
9uestion #28 :*at is t*e a..ro.riate des)ri.tion o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
i!.ulse res.onse:
h(n)=
{
(−2)
n
(∣n∣≤2$)
$ (∣n∣>2$)
A8 A lo;-.ass (ilter8
=8 A *ig*-.ass (ilter8
C8 A 'and-.ass (ilter8
"8 A 'and-reDe)t (ilter8
9uestion ##8 :*at is t*e initial 4alue o( t*e signal x(t ) , gi4en its La.la)e trans(or! as
(ollo;s:
! (s)=
2
s
#
+& s−#
A8 $
=8 2
C8 #
"8 −2
9uestion #%8 :*at is t*e initial 4alue o( t*e signal x(t ) , gi4en its La.la)e trans(or! as
(ollo;s:
! ( s)=
s+#
s
#
+#s−%
A8 $
=8 2
C8 #
"8 −2
9uestion #08 :*at is t*e initial 4alue o( t*e signal x(t ) , gi4en its La.la)e trans(or! as
(ollo;s:
! (s)=e
−# s B s
#
+s
s
#
+# s−#
A8 $
=8 2
C8 #
"8 −2
&
9uestion #&8 :*at is t*e (inal 4alue o( t*e signal x(t ) , gi4en its La.la)e trans(or! as
(ollo;s:
! (s)=
# s
#
+%
s
#
+& s+2
A8 $
=8 #
C8 2,#
"8 2,0
9uestion #B8 :*at is t*e (inal 4alue o( t*e signal x(t ) , gi4en its La.la)e trans(or! as
(ollo;s:
! (s)=
s+#
s
%
+# s
#
+s
A8 $
=8 #
C8 2,#
"8 2,0
9uestion #68 :*at is t*e (inal 4alue o( t*e signal x(t ) , gi4en its La.la)e trans(or! as
(ollo;s:
! (s)=e
−%s # s
#
+2
s(s+#)
#
A8 $
=8 #
C8 2,#
"8 2,0
9uestion #C8 :*i)* one o( t*e sste!s des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing trans(er (un)tions )an
NOT 'e 'ot* )ausal and sta'le<
A8 " (s)=
(s+2)(s+#)
( s+2)(s
#
+# s+2$)
=8 " (s)=
s
#
−%s+#
( s+#)(s
#
−# s+C)
C8 " (s)=
s
#
+# s−%
( s+%)(s
#
+# s+&)
"8 " (s)=
( s+2)(s
#
+# s+2$)
(s+2)(s+#)
9uestion #38 5or ;*i)* o( t*e (ollo;ing signals does t*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or!
NOT eAist<
A8 x(n)=δ(n−2)
B
=8 x(n)=δ(n+2)
C8 x( n)=(#/ %)
∣n∣
"8 x(n)=(2/ 0)
n
u(−n)
9uestion %$8 :*i)* one o( t*e sste!s des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing trans(er (un)tions )an
'e 'ot* )ausal and sta'le<
A8 " (#)=
# #+%
#
#
+#−&/ 2B
=8 " (#)=
#
−2
[ 2−(2/ #) #
−2
](2+%@
−2
)
C8 " (#)=
#
#
−2/ 0
B #
#
+6 #+%
"8 " (#)=
#
−#
2−(2/ #) #
−2
+(2/ 0) #
−#
,&*& E-erc!e!
EAer)ise 28 5ind t*e (unda!ental .eriod o( t*e (ollo;ing .eriodi) signal:
x(t )=[ )os(#πt )]
#
EAer)ise #8 5ind t*e (unda!ental .eriod o( t*e (ollo;ing .eriodi) signal:
x(t )=

k =−∞
+∞
(t −%k )
, ;*ere (t )=
{
$ (t ≤−2∨t >2)
2+t (−2<t ≤$)
2−t ($<t ≤2)
EAer)ise %8 5ind t*e (unda!ental .eriod o( t*e (ollo;ing .eriodi) signal:
x( n)=(−2)
n
EAer)ise 08 5ind t*e (unda!ental .eriod o( t*e (ollo;ing .eriodi) signal:
x( n)=)os(# πn)
EAer)ise &8 "eter!ine t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a )ontinuous-ti!e LTI sste! des)ri'ed
' t*e (ollo;ing e1uation:
y(t )+%
dy(t )
dt
+#
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
=
dx(t)
dt
EAer)ise B8 "eter!ine t*e !agnitude res.onse and t*e .*ase res.onse o( a )ontinuous-
ti!e LTI sste! de)sri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing e1uation:
y(t )+%
dy(t )
dt
+#
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
=
dx(t)
dt
EAer)ise 68 "eter!ine t*e trans(er (un)tion o( a )ausal dis)rete-ti!e LTI sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing e1uation:
y( n)+% y( n−2)+# y(n−#)=x(n−2)
EAer)ise C8 "eter!ine t*e ste. res.onse o( a )ausal dis)rete-ti!e LTI sste! des)ri'ed
' t*e (ollo;ing e1uation:
6
y( n)+% y( n−2)+# y(n−#)=x(n−2)
EAer)ise 38 A dis)rete-ti!e LTI sste! *as t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse res.onse:
h(n)=#
−n
u(n)
"eter!ine t*e out.ut o( t*e sste! ;*en t*e in.ut signal is:
x( n)=sin(πn/ %+π/ 0)+#
EAer)ise 2$8 "eter!ine t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( t*e (ollo;ing )ausal LTI sste!:
dyt 
dt
−yt =xt xt −2
EAer)ise 228 "eter!ine t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( t*e (ollo;ing )ausal LTI sste!:
0 y n−yn−#=xn−# xn−2
EAer)ise 2#8 T*e negati4e (eed'a)E )ontrol sste! s*o;n in (igure 'ello; *as a .lant P
and a (eed'a)E )oe((i)ient o( $, in ;*i)* t*e .lant P is des)ri'ed ' t*e e1uation
dy(t )
dt
−# y(t )=x(t )
and $ is a real 4alue8
Co!.ute t*e trans(er (un)tion o( t*e (eed'a)E )ontrol sste!8
EAer)ise 2%8 T*e negati4e (eed'a)E )ontrol sste! s*o;n in (igure 'ello; *as a .lant P
and a (eed'a)E )oe((i)ient o( $, in ;*i)* t*e .lant P is des)ri'ed ' t*e e1uation
dy(t )
dt
−# y(t )=x(t )
and $ is a real 4alue8
"eter!ine $ so t*at t*e sste! is )ausal and sta'le8
EAer)ise 208 "eter!ine t*e (re1uen) res.onse o( an LTI sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing
i!.ulse res.onse:
h(t)=sin(t)[u(t )−u(t−2)]
EAer)ise 2&8 "eter!ine t*e res.onse o( an LTI sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse
res.onse:
h(t)=sin(t)[u(t )−u(t−2)]
to t*e in.ut signal:
x(t )=)os( #t +π/ 0)+2
C
P
$

x+t/ y+t/
P
$

x+t/ y+t/
EAer)ise 2B8 "eter!ine t*e ste. res.onse o( t*e sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse
res.onse:
h(n)=(−2/ #)
n
u(n)
EAer)ise 268 "eter!ine t*e ste. res.onse o( t*e sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse
res.onse:
h(n)=δ(n)−δ( n−#)
EAer)ise 2C8 "eter!ine t*e ste. res.onse o( t*e sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse
res.onse:
h(n)=(−2)
n
[ u(n+#)−u(n−%)]
EAer)ise 238 "eter!ine t*e ste. res.onse o( t*e sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse
res.onse:
h(n)=nu( n)
EAer)ise #$8 "eter!ine t*e ste. res.onse o( t*e sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse
res.onse:
h(t)=(2/0)[ u(t )−u(t−0)]
EAer)ise #28 "eter!ine t*e ste. res.onse o( t*e sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse
res.onse:
h(t)=u(t )
EAer)ise ##8 "eter!ine t*e *o!ogeneous solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
&
dy(t )
dt
+2$ y(t)=# x(t )
EAer)ise #%8 "eter!ine t*e *o!ogeneous solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+B
dy(t )
dt
+C y(t )=
dx(t )
dt
EAer)ise #08 "eter!ine t*e *o!ogeneous solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+0 y(t)=%
dx(t )
dt
EAer)ise #&8 "eter!ine t*e *o!ogeneous solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+#
dy(t )
dt
+# y(t )=x (t )
EAer)ise #B8 "eter!ine t*e *o!ogeneous solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+#
dy(t )
dt
+ y(t )=
dx(t )
dt
EAer)ise #68 "eter!ine t*e *o!ogeneous solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)−ay(n−2)=# x( n)
EAer)ise #C8 "eter!ine t*e *o!ogeneous solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)−(2/ 0) y(n−2)−(2/C) y( n−#)=x(n)+x(n−2)
3
EAer)ise #38 "eter!ine t*e *o!ogeneous solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)+(3/2B) y(n−#)=x( n−2)
EAer)ise %$8 "eter!ine t*e *o!ogeneous solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)+y(n−2)+(2/ 0) y(n−#)=x( n)+# x(n−2)
EAer)ise %28 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((erential e1uation:
&
dy(t )
dt
+2$ y(t)=# x(t )
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=#
EAer)ise %#8 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((erential e1uation:
&
dy(t )
dt
+2$ y(t)=# x(t )
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=e
−t
EAer)ise %%8 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((erential e1uation:
&
dy(t )
dt
+2$ y(t)=# x(t )
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=)os(%t )
EAer)ise %08 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+0 y(t)=%
dx(t )
dt
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=t
EAer)ise %&8 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+0 y(t)=%
dx(t )
dt
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=e
−t
EAer)ise %B8 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+0 y(t)=%
dx(t )
dt
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=)os(t )+sin(t )
EAer)ise %68 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((erential e1uation:
2$
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+#
dy(t )
dt
+ y(t )=
dx(t )
dt
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=e
−%t
EAer)ise %C8 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+#
dy(t )
dt
+ y(t )=
dx(t )
dt
gi4en t*e in.ut x(t )=# e
−t
8
EAer)ise %38 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+#
dy(t )
dt
+ y(t )=
dx(t )
dt
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=# sin(t )
EAer)ise 0$8 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)−(#/&) y(n−2)=# x(n)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=#u(n)
EAer)ise 028 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)−(#/&) y( n−2)=# x(n)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=−(2/#)
n
u(n)
EAer)ise 0#8 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)−(#/&) y(n−2)=# x(n)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=)os(πn/&)
EAer)ise 0%8 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)−(2/ 0) y(n−2)−(2/C) y( n−#)=x(n)+x(n−2)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=nu(n)
EAer)ise 008 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)−(2/ 0) y(n−2)−(2/C) y( n−#)=x(n)+x(n−2)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=(2/C)
n
u(n)
EAer)ise 0&8 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)−(2/ 0) y(n−2)−(2/C) y( n−#)=x(n)+x(n−2)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
22
x( n)=e
j πn/ 0
u( n)
EAer)ise 0B8 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)−(2/ 0) y(n−2)−(2/C) y( n−#)=x(n)+x(n−2)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=(2/ #)
n
u(n)
EAer)ise 068 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)+y(n−2)+(2/ #) y(n−#)=x(n)+#A(n−2)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=u(n)
EAer)ise 0C8 "eter!ine t*e .arti)ular solution (or t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing
di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)+y(n−2)+(2/ #) y(n−#)=x(n)+#A(n−2)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=(−2/#)
n
u(n)
EAer)ise 038 "eter!ine t*e out.ut o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((erential
e1uation:
dy(t )
dt
+2$ y(t)=# x(t )
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=u(t )
and t*e initial )ondition:
y($−)=2
EAer)ise &$8 "eter!ine t*e out.ut o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((erential
e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+#
dy(t )
dt
+ y(t )=
dx(t )
dt
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=sin(t )u(t )
and t*e initial )onditions:
y($−)=$ and
dy(t )
dt

t=$−
=2
EAer)ise &28 "eter!ine t*e out.ut o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((erential
e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+B
dy(t )
dt
+C y(t )=# x(t )
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=e
−t
u(t )
and t*e initial )onditions:
y($−)=−2 and
dy(t )
dt

t=$−
=2
EAer)ise &#8 "eter!ine t*e out.ut o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((erential
e1uation:
2#
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+ y(t)=%
dx(t )
dt
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=# te
−t
u(t )
and t*e initial )onditions:
y($−)=−2 and
dy(t )
dt

t=$−
=2
EAer)ise &%8 "eter!ine t*e natural and (or)ed res.onses o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
dy(t )
dt
+2$ y(t)=# x(t )
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=u(t )
and t*e initial )ondition:
y($−)=2
EAer)ise &08 "eter!ine t*e natural and (or)ed res.onses o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+#
dy(t )
dt
+ y(t )=
dx(t )
dt
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=sin(t )u(t )
and t*e initial )onditions:
y($−)=$ and
dy(t )
dt

t=$−
=2
EAer)ise &&8 "eter!ine t*e natural and (or)ed res.onses o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+B
dy(t )
dt
+C y(t )=# x(t )
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=e
−t
u(t )
and t*e initial )onditions:
y($−)=−2 and
dy(t )
dt

t=$−
=2
EAer)ise &B8 "eter!ine t*e natural and (or)ed res.onses o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t)
dt
#
+ y(t)=%
dx(t )
dt
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x(t )=#te
−t
u(t )
and t*e initial )onditions:
y($−)=−2 and
dy(t )
dt

t=$−
=2
EAer)ise &68 "eter!ine t*e out.ut o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((eren)e
e1uation:
2%
y( n)−(2/ #) y( n−2)=# x(n)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=(−2/#)
n
u(n)
and t*e initial )ondition:
y(−2)=%
EAer)ise &C8 "eter!ine t*e out.ut o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((eren)e
e1uation:
y( n)−(2/3) y(n−#)=x(n−2)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=u(n)
t*e initial )onditions:
y(−2)=2 and y(−#)=$
EAer)ise &38 "eter!ine t*e out.ut o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((eren)e
e1uation:
y( n)+(2/ 0) y(n−2)−(2/C) y( n−#)=x(n)+x(n−2)
gi4en t*e in.ut
x( n)=(−2)
n
u(n)
and t*e initial )onditions:
y(−2)=0 and y(−#)=−#
EAer)ise B$8 "eter!ine t*e out.ut o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((eren)e
e1uation:
y( n)−(%/ 0) y(n−2)+(2/C) y(n−#)=# x(n)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=#u(n)
and t*e initial )onditions:
y(−2)=2 and y(−#)=−2
EAer)ise B28 "eter!ine t*e natural and (or)ed res.onses o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)−(2/ #) y( n−2)=# x(n)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=(−2/#)
n
u(n)
and t*e initial )ondition:
y(−2)=%
EAer)ise B#8 "eter!ine t*e natural and (or)ed res.onses o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)−(2/3) y(n−#)=x(n−2)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=u(n)
and t*e initial )onditions:
y(−2)=2 and y(−#)=$
EAer)ise B%8 "eter!ine t*e natural and (or)ed res.onses o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)+(2/ 0) y(n−2)−(2/C) y( n−#)=x(n)+x(n−2)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
20
x( n)=(−2)
n
u(n)
and t*e initial )onditions:
y(−2)=0 and y(−#)=−#
EAer)ise B08 "eter!ine t*e natural and (or)ed res.onses o( t*e sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e
(ollo;ing di((eren)e e1uation:
y( n)−(%/ 0) y(n−2)+(2/C) y(n−#)=# x(n)
gi4en t*e in.ut:
x( n)=#u(n)
and t*e initial )onditions:
y(−2)=2 and y(−#)=−2
EAer)ise B&8 5ind t*e di((eren)e e1uation des)ri'ing t*e dis)rete-ti!e sste! re.resented
' t*e (ollo;ing 'lo)E diagra!:
EAer)ise BB8 5ind t*e di((eren)e e1uation des)ri'ing t*e dis)rete-ti!e sste! re.resented
' t*e (ollo;ing 'lo)E diagra!:
EAer)ise B68 "ra; t*e 'lo)E-diagra! re.resentation o( a dis)rete-ti!e LTI sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing state-4aria'le re.resentation !atri)es:
A=
[
2 −2/#
2/ % $
]
, B=
[
2
#
]
, C=[ 2 2] , and D=[ $]
EAer)ise BC8 "ra; t*e 'lo)E-diagra! re.resentation o( a dis)rete-ti!e LTI sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing state-4aria'le re.resentation !atri)es:
A=
[
2 −2/ #
2/% $
]
, B=
[
2
#
]
, C=[ 2 −2] , and D=[ $]
EAer)ise B38 "ra; t*e 'lo)E-diagra! re.resentation o( a dis)rete-ti!e LTI sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing state-4aria'le re.resentation !atri)es:
A=
[
$ −2/#
2/ % −2
]
, B=
[
$
2
]
, C=[ 2 $] , and D=[ 2]
EAer)ise 6$8 "ra; t*e 'lo)E-diagra! re.resentation o( a dis)rete-ti!e LTI sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing state-4aria'le re.resentation !atri)es:
2&
+
s
#

!+s/ %+s/
#
s

!+s/ %+s/ s
A=
[
$ $
$ 2
]
, B=
[
#
%
]
, C=[ 2 −2] , and D=[ $]
EAer)ise 628 "ra; t*e 'lo)E-diagra! re.resentation o( a )ontinuous-ti!e LTI sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing state-4aria'le re.resentation !atri)es:
A=
[
2/ % $
$ −2/#
]
, B=
[
−2
#
]
, C=[ 2 2] , and D=[ $]
EAer)ise 6#8 "ra; t*e 'lo)E-diagra! re.resentation o( a )ontinuous-ti!e LTI sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing state-4aria'le re.resentation !atri)es:
A=
[
2 2
2 $
]
, B=
[
−2
#
]
, C=[ $ −2] , and D=[ $]
EAer)ise 6%8 "ra; t*e 'lo)E-diagra! re.resentation o( a )ontinuous-ti!e LTI sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing state-4aria'le re.resentation !atri)es:
A=
[
2 −#
2 2
]
, B=
[
#
%
]
, C=[ 2 2] , and D=[ $]
EAer)ise 608 "eter!ine t*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier series re.resentation (or t*e (ollo;ing
signal:
x( n)=)os(B πn/26+π/%) 8
EAer)ise 6&8 "eter!ine t*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier series re.resentation (or t*e (ollo;ing
signal:
x(n)=#sin(0π n/ 23)+)os(2$ πn/ 23)+2 8
EAer)ise 6B8 "eter!ine t*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier series re.resentation (or t*e (ollo;ing
signal:
x(n)=

k=−∞
+∞
{(−2)
k
[ δ(n−#k )+δ(n+%k)]} 8
EAer)ise 668 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal re.resented ' t*e (ollo;ing dis)rete-
ti!e 5ourier series )oe((i)ients:
!
k
=)os(Cπk /#2)
EAer)ise 6C8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal re.resented ' t*e (ollo;ing dis)rete-
ti!e 5ourier series )oe((i)ients:
!
k
=)os(2$π k /23)+# j sin( 0 πk /23)
EAer)ise 638 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal re.resented ' t*e (ollo;ing dis)rete-
ti!e 5ourier series )oe((i)ients:
!
k
=

&=−∞
+∞
{(−2)
&
[δ(k−# &)−#δ(k +%&)]}
EAer)ise C$8 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier series re.resentation (or t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=sin(% πt )+)os (0 πt) 8
EAer)ise C28 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier series re.resentation (or t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=

k =−∞
+∞
{(−2)
k
[δ(t−k / %)+δ(t +#k /%)]} 8
EAer)ise C#8 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier series re.resentation (or t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=

k =−∞
+∞
[e
# πk /6
δ(t −# k)] 8
EAer)ise C%8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal re.resented ' t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier
series )oe((i)ients:
!
k
= j δ( k−2)− j δ( k +2)+δ(k−%)+δ(k +%) (ω
$
=#π)
2B
EAer)ise C08 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal re.resented ' t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier
series )oe((i)ients:
!
k
= j δ( k−2)− j δ( k +2)+δ(k−%)+δ(k +%) (ω
$
=0 π)
EAer)ise C&8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal re.resented ' t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier
series )oe((i)ients:
!
k
=(−2/ %)
∣k∣

$
=2)
EAer)ise CB8 "eter!ine t*e !agnitude and .*ase s.e)tra o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(n)=(%/ 0)
n
u( n−0) 8
EAer)ise C68 "eter!ine t*e !agnitude and .*ase s.e)tra o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(n)=a
∣n∣
(∣a∣<2) 8
EAer)ise CC8 "eter!ine t*e !agnitude and .*ase s.e)tra o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x( n)=
{
2/ #+2/ #)os( πn/ ' ) (∣n∣≤' )
$ (∣n∣>' )
EAer)ise C38 "eter!ine t*e !agnitude and .*ase s.e)tra o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(n)=#δ(0−#n) 8
EAer)ise 3$8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing dis)rete-
ti!e 5ourier trans(or!:
! (Ω)=)os( #Ω)+ j sin(#Ω)
EAer)ise 328 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing dis)rete-
ti!e 5ourier trans(or!:
! (Ω)=sin(Ω)+)os(Ω/ #)
EAer)ise 3#8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing dis)rete-
ti!e 5ourier trans(or!:
∣! (Ω)∣=
{
2 (π/ 0<∣Ω∣<% π/ 0)
$ (∣Ω∣≤π/ 0∨∣Ω∣≥%π/ 0)
ar( { ! (Ω)}=−0Ω
EAer)ise 3%8 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=e
−#t
u(t −%)
EAer)ise 308 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=e
−0∣t∣
EAer)ise 3&8 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=te
−t
u(t )
EAer)ise 3B8 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=

k=$

a
k
δ(t −k) (∣a∣<2)
EAer)ise 368 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier
trans(or!:
! (ω)=
{
)os(#ω) (∣ω∣<π/ 0)
$ (∣ω∣≥π/ 0)
EAer)ise 3C8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier
trans(or!:
! (ω)=e
−#ω
u(ω)
EAer)ise 338 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier
trans(or!:
26
! (ω)=e
−#∣ω∣
EAer)ise 2$$8 "eter!ine t*e a..ro.riate 5ourier re.resentation o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=e
−t
)os( #πt )u(t )
EAer)ise 2$28 "eter!ine t*e a..ro.riate 5ourier re.resentation o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x( n)=
{
)os( πn/2$)+ j sin (πn/ 2$) (∣n∣<2$)
$ (∣n∣≥2$)
EAer)ise 2$#8 "eter!ine t*e a..ro.riate 5ourier re.resentation o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=e
2+t
u(#−t )
EAer)ise 2$%8 "eter!ine t*e a..ro.riate 5ourier re.resentation o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=∣sin(#πt )∣
EAer)ise 2$08 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing
(re1uen)-do!ain re.resentation:
!
k
=
{
e
− jk π/ #
(∣k∣<2$)
$ (∣k∣≥2$)
and t*e (unda!ental .eriod o( t*e signal T=2 8
EAer)ise 2$&8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing
(re1uen)-do!ain re.resentation:
! (ω)=
{
)os(ω/ 0)+ j sin (ω/ 0) (∣ω∣<π)
$ (∣ω∣≥π)
EAer)ise 2$B8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing
(re1uen)-do!ain re.resentation:
! (Ω)=∣sin(Ω)∣
EAer)ise 2$68 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=sin(#πt )e
−t
u(t )
EAer)ise 2$C8 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=te
−%∣t−2∣
EAer)ise 2$38 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=
#sin(%πt )
πt
sin(#πt )
πt
EAer)ise 22$8 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=
d
dt
te
−#t
sin(t )u(t )
EAer)ise 2228 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=

−∞
t
sin(#π τ)
π τ
d τ
EAer)ise 22#8 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=e
−t+#
u(t −#)
EAer)ise 22%8 "eter!ine t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=
sin(t )
πt

d
dt
sin(#t )
πt
EAer)ise 2208 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier
trans(or!:
! (ω)=
j ω
(2+ j ω)
#
2C
EAer)ise 22&8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier
trans(or!:
! (ω)=
0sin(#ω−0)
#ω−0

0sin (#ω+0)
#ω+0
EAer)ise 22B8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier
trans(or!:
! (ω)=
2
j ω( j ω+#)
−πδ(ω)
EAer)ise 2268 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier
trans(or!:
! (ω)=
d
d ω
[ 0sin(0ω)
sin(#ω)
ω
]
EAer)ise 2#$8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier
trans(or!:
! (ω)=
#sin (ω)
ω( j ω+#)
EAer)ise 2#28 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier
trans(or!:
! (ω)=
0sin
#
(ω)
ω
#
EAer)ise 2##8 >i4en t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier trans(or! .air:
x(t )=
{
2 (∣t∣<2)
$ (∣t∣≥2)
↔ ! (ω)=
#sin (ω)
ω
E4aluate t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
y(t )=x
(
t −#
#
)
EAer)ise 2#%8 >i4en t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier trans(or! .air:
x(t )=
{
2 (∣t∣<2)
$ (∣t∣≥2)
↔ ! (ω)=
#sin (ω)
ω
E4aluate t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
y(t )=sin(πt )x(t )
EAer)ise 2#08 >i4en t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier trans(or! .air:
x(t )=
{
2 (∣t∣<2)
$ (∣t∣≥2)
↔ ! (ω)=
#sin (ω)
ω
E4aluate t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
y(t )=x(t +2)−x(#t −2)
EAer)ise 2#&8 >i4en t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier trans(or! .air:
x(t )=
{
2 (∣t∣<2)
$ (∣t∣≥2)
↔ ! (ω)=
#sin (ω)
ω
E4aluate t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
y(t )=#tx(t )
EAer)ise 2#B8 >i4en t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier trans(or! .air:
x(t )=
{
2 (∣t∣<2)
$ (∣t∣≥2)
↔ ! (ω)=
#sin(ω)
ω
23
E4aluate t*e 5ourier trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
y(t )=x(t )x(t )
EAer)ise 2#68 >i4en t*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or! ! (Ω) o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x( n)=n( %/ 0)
∣n∣
:it*out e4aluating ! (Ω) , (ind t*e signal y(n) i( its dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or!
% (Ω) is gi4en ':
% (Ω)=e
− j 0Ω
! (Ω)
EAer)ise 2#C8 >i4en t*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or! ! (Ω) o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(n)=n(%/ 0)
∣n∣
:it*out e4aluating ! (Ω) , (ind t*e signal y(n) i( its dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or!
% (Ω) is gi4en ':
% (Ω)=Re[ ! (Ω)]
EAer)ise 2#38 >i4en t*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or! ! (Ω) o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(n)=n(%/ 0)
∣n∣
:it*out e4aluating ! (Ω) , (ind t*e signal y(n) i( its dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or!
% (Ω) is gi4en ':
% (Ω)=
d! (Ω)
d Ω
EAer)ise 2%$8 >i4en t*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or! ! (Ω) o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x( n)=n( %/ 0)
∣n∣
:it*out e4aluating ! (Ω) , (ind t*e signal y(n) i( its dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or!
% (Ω) is gi4en ':
% (Ω)=! (Ω)+! (−Ω)
EAer)ise 2%28 >i4en t*e dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or! ! (Ω) o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x( n)=n( %/ 0)
∣n∣
:it*out e4aluating ! (Ω) , (ind t*e signal y(n) i( its dis)rete-ti!e 5ourier trans(or!
% (Ω) is gi4en ':
% (Ω)=
d! (#Ω)
d Ω
EAer)ise 2%#8 A .eriodi) signal x(t ) *as t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier series re.resentation:
!
k
=−k #
−∣k∣
:it*out deter!ining x(t ) , (ind t*e 5ourier series re.resentation o( t*e (ollo;ing
signal:
y(t )=x(%t )
EAer)ise 2%%8 A .eriodi) signal x(t ) *as t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier series re.resentation:
!
k
=−k #
−∣k∣
:it*out deter!ining x(t ) , (ind t*e 5ourier series re.resentation o( t*e (ollo;ing
signal:
y(t )=x(t −2)
EAer)ise 2%08 A .eriodi) signal x(t ) *as t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier series re.resentation:
!
k
=−k #
−∣k∣
#$
:it*out deter!ining x(t ) , (ind t*e 5ourier series re.resentation o( t*e (ollo;ing
signal:
y(t )=
dx(t )
dt
EAer)ise 2%&8 A .eriodi) signal x(t ) *as t*e (ollo;ing 5ourier series re.resentation:
!
k
=−k #
−∣k∣
:it*out deter!ining x(t ) , (ind t*e 5ourier series re.resentation o( t*e (ollo;ing
signal:
y(t )=)os(0πt )x(t )
EAer)ise 2%B8 SEet)* t*e !agnitude res.onse and t*e .*ase res.onse o( t*e sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse res.onse:
h( t )=δ(t )−#e
−#t
u(t )
EAer)ise 2%68 SEet)* t*e !agnitude res.onse and t*e .*ase res.onse o( t*e sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse res.onse:
h( t )=0e
−#t
)os(&$t )
EAer)ise 2%C8 SEet)* t*e !agnitude res.onse and t*e .*ase res.onse o( t*e sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse res.onse:
h( n)=
2
C
(
6
C
)
n
u(n)
EAer)ise 2%38 SEet)* t*e !agnitude res.onse and t*e .*ase res.onse o( t*e sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing i!.ulse res.onse:
h(n)=
{
(−2)
n
(∣n∣≤2$)
$ (∣n∣>2$)
EAer)ise 20$8 "eter!ine t*e (re1uen) res.onse and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a sste!,
gi4en t*e (ollo;ing .air o( in.ut and out.ut signals (or t*e sste!:
x(t )=e
−t
u(t ) and y(t )=e
−#t
u( t )+e
−%t
u(t )
EAer)ise 2028 "eter!ine t*e (re1uen) res.onse and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a sste!,
gi4en t*e (ollo;ing .air o( in.ut and out.ut signals (or t*e sste!:
x(t )=e
−%t
u( t ) and y(t )=e
−%(t−#)
u(t −#)
EAer)ise 20#8 "eter!ine t*e (re1uen) res.onse and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a sste!,
gi4en t*e (ollo;ing .air o( in.ut and out.ut signals (or t*e sste!:
x(t )=e
−#t
u(t ) and y(t )=#te
−#t
u(t )
EAer)ise 20%8 "eter!ine t*e (re1uen) res.onse and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a sste!,
gi4en t*e (ollo;ing .air o( in.ut and out.ut signals (or t*e sste!:
x( n)=(2/ #)
n
u(n) and y(n)=(2/ 0)(2/ #)
n
u( n)+(2/ 0)
n
u(n)
EAer)ise 2008 "eter!ine t*e (re1uen) res.onse and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a sste!,
gi4en t*e (ollo;ing .air o( in.ut and out.ut signals (or t*e sste!:
x(n)=(2/ 0)
n
u( n) and y(n)=(2/ 0)
n
u(n)−(2/ 0)
n−2
u(n−2)
EAer)ise 20&8 "eter!ine t*e (re1uen) res.onse and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( t*e sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
dy(t )
dt
+% y(t )=x(t )
#2
EAer)ise 20B8 "eter!ine t*e (re1uen) res.onse and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( t*e sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t )
dt
#
+&
dy(t )
dt
+B y(t )=
−dx(t )
dt
EAer)ise 2068 "eter!ine t*e (re1uen) res.onse and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( t*e sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((eren)e e1uation:
y(n)−(2/ 0) y(n−2)−(2/C) y(n−#)=% x(n)−(%/ 0) x(n−2)
EAer)ise 20C8 "eter!ine t*e (re1uen) res.onse and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( t*e sste!
des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((eren)e e1uation:
y(n)+(2/ #) y(n−2)=x(n)−# x(n−2)
EAer)ise 2038 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing
unilateral La.la)e trans(or!:
!
2
(s)=
2
(s+#)( s+%)
EAer)ise 2&$8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing
unilateral La.la)e trans(or!:
!
2
(s )=e
−#s d
ds [
2
(s+2)
#
]
EAer)ise 2&28 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing
unilateral La.la)e trans(or!:
!
2
(s)=
2
(#s+2)
#
+0
EAer)ise 2&#8 >i4en t*e La.la)e trans(or! ! (s) o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=)os(#t )u(t )
"eter!ine t*e signal y(t ) i( its La.la)e trans(or! is gi4en ':
% (s)=(s+2) ! (s)
EAer)ise 2&%8 >i4en t*e La.la)e trans(or! ! (s) o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=)os(#t )u(t )
"eter!ine t*e signal y(t ) i( its La.la)e trans(or! is gi4en ':
% (s)=! (%s )
EAer)ise 2&08 >i4en t*e La.la)e trans(or! ! (s) o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
x(t )=)os(#t )u(t )
"eter!ine t*e signal y(t ) i( its La.la)e trans(or! is gi4en ':
% ( s)=s
−#
! ( s)
EAer)ise 2&&8 >i4en t*e La.la)e trans(or! o( t*e signal x(t ) as (ollo;s:
! (s)=
# s
s
#
+#
"eter!ine La.la)e trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
y(t )=x(%t )
EAer)ise 2&B8 >i4en t*e La.la)e trans(or! o( t*e signal x(t ) as (ollo;s:
! (s)=
# s
s
#
+#
"eter!ine La.la)e trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
y(t )=x(t −#)
##
EAer)ise 2&68 >i4en t*e La.la)e trans(or! o( t*e signal x(t ) as (ollo;s:
! (s)=
# s
s
#
+#
"eter!ine La.la)e trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
y(t )=x(t )
dx(t )
dt
EAer)ise 2&C8 >i4en t*e La.la)e trans(or! o( t*e signal x(t ) as (ollo;s:
! (s)=
# s
s
#
+#
"eter!ine La.la)e trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
y(t )=e
−t
x(t )
EAer)ise 2&38 >i4en t*e La.la)e trans(or! o( t*e signal x(t ) as (ollo;s:
! (s)=
# s
s
#
+#
"eter!ine La.la)e trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
y(t )=#tx(t )
EAer)ise 2B$8 >i4en t*e (ollo;ing La.la)e trans(or! .air:
x(t )=e
−at
u(t ) ↔ ! (s)=
2
s+a
E4aluate t*e unilateral La.la)e trans(or! o( t*e (ollo;ing signal:
y(t )=e
−at
)os(ω
$
t )u(t )
EAer)ise 2B$8 "eter!ine t*e (or)ed and natural res.onses (or t*e LTI sste! des)ri'ed
' t*e (ollo;ing di((erential e1uation ;it* t*e s.e)i(ied initial and in.ut )onditions:
dy(t )
dt
+2$ y(t )=2$ x(t ) , y($−)=2 , and x(t )=u(t )
EAer)ise 2B28 "eter!ine t*e (or)ed and natural res.onses (or t*e LTI sste! des)ri'ed
' t*e (ollo;ing di((erential e1uation ;it* t*e s.e)i(ied initial and in.ut )onditions:
d
#
y(t )
dt
#
+&
dy(t )
dt
+B y(t )=−0 x( t )−%
dx(t )
dt
, y($−)=−2 ,
dy(t )
dt

t=$−
=& and
x(t )=e
−t
u(t )
EAer)ise 2B#8 "eter!ine t*e (or)ed and natural res.onses (or t*e LTI sste! des)ri'ed
' t*e (ollo;ing di((erential e1uation ;it* t*e s.e)i(ied initial and in.ut )onditions:
d
#
y(t )
dt
#
+y(t )=C x(t ) , y($−)=$ ,
dy(t )
dt

t=$−
=# and x(t )=e
−t
u(t )
EAer)ise 2B%8 "eter!ine t*e (or)ed and natural res.onses (or t*e LTI sste! des)ri'ed
' t*e (ollo;ing di((erential e1uation ;it* t*e s.e)i(ied initial and in.ut )onditions:
d
#
y(t )
dt
#
+#
dy(t )
dt
+& y(t )=
dx(t )
dt
, y($−)=# ,
dy(t )
dt

t=$−
=$ and x(t )=u(t )
EAer)ise 2B08 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing 'ilateral
La.la)e trans(or!:
! ( s)=
e
&s
s+#
(Re (s)<−#)
EAer)ise 2B&8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing 'ilateral
La.la)e trans(or!:
#%
! (s)=
d
#
ds
#
(
2
s−%
)
(Re (s)>%)
EAer)ise 2BB8 "eter!ine t*e ti!e-do!ain signal )orres.onding to t*e (ollo;ing 'ilateral
La.la)e trans(or!:
! (s)=
−s−0
s
#
+% s+#
(−#<Re(s)<−2)
EAer)ise 2B68 "eter!ine t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a )ausal sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing
trans(er (un)tion:
" (s)=
# s
#
+# s−#
s
#
−2
EAer)ise 2BC8 "eter!ine t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a sta'le sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing
trans(er (un)tion:
" (s)=
# s
#
+# s−#
s
#
−2
EAer)ise 2B38 "eter!ine t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a )ausal sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing
trans(er (un)tion:
" (s)=
# s−2
s
#
+# s+2
EAer)ise 26$8 "eter!ine t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a sta'le sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing
trans(er (un)tion:
" (s)=
# s−2
s
#
+# s+2
EAer)ise 2628 "eter!ine t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a )ausal sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing
trans(er (un)tion:
" (s)=e
−& s
+
#
s−#
EAer)ise 26#8 "eter!ine t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a sta'le sste! *a4ing t*e (ollo;ing
trans(er (un)tion:
" (s)=e
−& s
+
#
s−#
EAer)ise 26%8 "eter!ine t*e trans(er (un)tion and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a sta'le
sste!, gi4en a .air o( its in.ut and out.ut signals as (ollo;s:
x(t )=e
−t
u( t ) and y(t )=e
−#t
)os(t ) u(t )
EAer)ise 2608 "eter!ine t*e trans(er (un)tion and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a sta'le
sste!, gi4en a .air o( its in.ut and out.ut signals as (ollo;s:
x(t )=e
−#t
u(t ) and y(t )=−#e
−t
u(t )+#e
−%t
u(t )
EAer)ise 26&8 "eter!ine t*e trans(er (un)tion and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a )ausal
sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
dy(t )
dt
+2$ y(t )=2$ x(t )
EAer)ise 26B8 "eter!ine t*e trans(er (un)tion and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a )ausal
sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t )
dt
#
+&
dy(t )
dt
+B y(t )=x(t )+
dx(t )
dt
#0
EAer)ise 2668 "eter!ine t*e trans(er (un)tion and t*e i!.ulse res.onse o( a )ausal
sste! des)ri'ed ' t*e (ollo;ing di((erential e1uation:
d
#
y(t )
dt
#

dy(t )
dt
−# y(t )=−0 x(t )+&
dx(t )
dt
Appro2ed 34
Un2er!)4 Board
Appro2ed 34
Fac'.)4 Board
Appro2ed 34
Depar)men)
Prepared 34
#&