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Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
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Table of Contents
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2.1 The Bevelopment of the Baiu uospel Pioject ........................................................................... 7
2.2 Baiu uospel Stiategy............................................................................................................................ 8
2.S Funuing.....................................................................................................................................................12
7 D2*E-%, G%,+5+,+-) """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" 87
S.1 0iganisational Change Activities at Cential Level................................................................. 14
S.2 Tiaining Activities................................................................................................................................14
S.S Biscussion anu Bialogue Activities...............................................................................................1S
S.4 Biocesan Activities ..............................................................................................................................16
S.S Synou Activities .................................................................................................................................... 16
S.6 Speaking Engagements, Seminais anu Confeiences.............................................................17
S.7 Piess anu Neuia Activities ............................................................................................................... 18
S.8 Publications ............................................................................................................................................ 18
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4.1 Commitment........................................................................................................................................... 2u
4.2 Awaieness Raising...............................................................................................................................21
4.S New Conveisations..............................................................................................................................22
4.4 Founuations foi the Futuie.............................................................................................................. 22
4.S Paitneiships........................................................................................................................................... 2S
4.6 Bemonstiation Piojects ....................................................................................................................2S
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S.1 Scale of the Task ................................................................................................................................... 24
S.2 Pace of 0iganisational Change....................................................................................................... 24
S.S 0iganisational Cultuie.......................................................................................................................2S
S.4 Biffeient Expectations .......................................................................................................................26
S.S Continuity anu Embeuuing .............................................................................................................. 27
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6.1 To enable the Chuich, at all levels, to mouel the ielationships anu values with
iegaiu to oveicoming sectaiianism, community conflict, anu uealing with
uiffeience that it will piomote in wiuei society ..................................................................... 28
6.2 To uevelop anu piomote policies, piactices anu statements of the Chuich of Iielanu
that will encouiage honest anu constiuctive ielationships in uealing with
sectaiianism anu issues of uiffeience in the chuich anu wiuei society .......................S1
6.S To enhance the capability of the Chuich of Iielanu at all levels to take initiatives to
builu peace anu to tiansfoim communities.............................................................................. S4
6.4 To implement initiatives, piojects oi piogiammes in collaboiation with othei
Chuiches, agencies anu gioups in a mannei that will cieate moie open anu
inclusive local communities............................................................................................................. S7
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Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
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1) The Baiu uospel Pioject initiateu, uevelopeu, suppoiteu anu co-oiuinateu a
wiue iange of activities involving moie than 7,Suu people acioss eveiy uiocese in
Iielanu between Novembei 2uuS anu Becembei 2uu8. This is the most
substantial uenominational chuich initiative of its kinu to have taken place in
Iielanu.
2) The Chuich of Iielanu uemonstiateu its commitment to the uevelopment anu
implementation of the Baiu uospel Pioject thiough the level of time anu
iesouices investeu in ensuiing it maue a uiffeience. The pioject was manageu
effectively thiough the Baiu uospel Committee anu a high level of activity was
stimulateu anu ueliveieu by the small pioject staff team.
S) A majoi achievement was to iaise awaieness of the pioject anu the issues it
was spotlighting at all levels of the Chuich of Iielanu. The pioject pioviueu a
iange of oppoitunities at all levels to auuiess issues of uiffeience, community
conflict anu sectaiianism. Biscussion of 'Baiu uospel issues' has become
noimative within the Chuich of Iielanu. The issues anu appioaches of the Baiu
uospel aie becoming mainstieameu into the Chuich anu theie has been a uegiee
of cultuie change towaius moie open uiscussion of uiveisity issues. This enableu
the Chuich to take a seiies of new initiatives anu some of these hau an impact in
the wiuei community.
4) The pioject enhanceu the oveiall capability of the Chuich of Iielanu to take
initiatives to builu peace anu tiansfoim communities by pioviuing tiaining anu
suppoit at paiish anu uiocesan levels anu by suppoiting the uevelopment of a
seiies of uiocesan anu paiish level initiatives. The outcome is new initiatives by
chuiches actively contiibuting to community uevelopment anu peacebuiluing,
incluuing youth initiatives, in a bieauth of locations anu levels.
S) The pioject uevelopeu a seiies of high quality iesouices anu uisseminateu
these thioughout the Chuich anu beyonu.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
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6) The pioject uevelopeu uemonstiation piojects that auuiesseu key stiategic
issues in ielation to the legacy of conflict anu an incieasingly multi cultuial
Iielanu. The piojects on immigiation anu Loyalist communities weie at the
'cutting euge' of contempoiaiy uiveisity anu inclusion issues in Iielanu uuiing
the past thiee yeais. They engageu the Chuich of Iielanu in these issues at a level
anu uepth that hau pieviously not been possible. The piojects weie well
uesigneu anu ueliveieu by the pioject staff team anu they attiacteu the attention
of wiuei society. They have been wiitten up anu uisseminateu as mouels of goou
piactice foi the wiuei chuich anu society.
7) The pace of oiganisational change as a iesult of the pioject has been slow. It
has taken thiee yeais foi the beginnings of change in stiuctuies, policies anu
piactices to become appaient. In spite of substantial time anu iesouices being
investeu in ieseaich, uiscussion, committees anu publications, this has piouuceu
limiteu change to uate. Success can only be measuieu in teims of any change that
actually takes place in the futuie.
8) The pioject faceu challenges incluuing the scale of the task, uiffeient
expectations, baiiieis to change within the 'cultuie' of the Chuich anu the uangei
of being ieuuceu to the status of a maiginal shoit-teim pioject.
9) A majoi challenge was to both stimulate anu suppoit activities to uemonstiate
new appioaches anu builu capacity while at the same time influence
oiganisational cultuie, policies, piactices anu stiuctuies so that the Baiu uospel
woulu become a mainstieam anu embeuueu long-teim piocess within the
Chuich.
1u) The pioject achieveu a wiuei community piofile thiough goou meuia
coveiage of its activities, as a iesult of a well-implementeu communications
stiategy. This was most successful when the pioject highlighteu issues that weie
then taken up anu uevelopeu into wiuei public uiscussions thiough the meuia.



Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
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11) The pioject was successful in ueveloping a seiies of new collaboiations anu
paitneiships with othei chuiches, oiganisations anu agencies on ielevant issues
anu initiatives. The pioject staff successfully implementeu a seiies of initiatives
with othei chuiches, agencies anu gioups with a cleai focus on cieating moie
open anu inclusive local communities.
12) The plans uevelopeu foi the post pioject phase of the Baiu uospel piocess
have a stiong focus on mainstieaming the piocess at a cential level, while at the
same time iuentifying ways of suppoiting sustaineu inteiventions at uiocesan
anu paiish levels.
1S) The evaluation has one majoi iecommenuation that the Chuich of Iielanu
shoulu put in place the necessaiy stiuctuies, stiategies anu iesouices to
continue its Baiu uospel piocess as a long-teim mainstieam initiative within the
Chuich that will cieate both inteinal change anu piactical action in local
communities on uiveisity issues.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
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8 9:,2*;&%,+*:

What uiffeience uiu the Baiu uospel Pioject make ovei the past thiee yeais.
This iepoit aims to answei this question.

It is the inuepenuent evaluation iepoit of the Chuich of Iielanu's Baiu uospel
Pioject (BuP) foi the peiiou 1
st
Novembei 2uuS - S1
st
Becembei 2uu8.

Following the appointment of an inuepenuent exteinal evaluatoi, Nacaulay
Associates, an evaluation fiamewoik anu methouology weie establisheu uuiing
the fiist yeai anu caiiieu out thioughout the thiee yeais of the pioject.
1
This
incluueu inteinal annual evaluation iepoits foi the fiist two yeais that incluueu
iecommenuations foi continuously impioving anu leaining fiom the pioject.

This final iepoit sums up the finuings of thiee yeais of evaluation
2
anu is aimeu
at a wiuei auuience, so that the leaining anu expeiience of the Baiu uospel
Pioject can be shaieu with otheis.
The iepoit incluues:
• An executive summaiy of the main finuings anu iecommenuations
• A summaiy of pioject activities
• A uiscussion of the leaining fiom the main achievements anu challenges
of the pioject
• An assessment of the impact of the pioject against its intenueu objectives
• A iecommenuation foi the futuie

1
The evaluation fiamewoik anu methouology is in Appenuix I.
2
Wheie quotes fiom pievious evaluation iepoits aie useu the yeai is noteu.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
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In 1997 the ueneial Synou of the Chuich of Iielanu auopteu a motion that
the Chuich was opposeu to sectaiianism. It staiteu a piocess of self-
examination with the intention of ueteimining how !"# %&#'#"() *" *++
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A Chuich of Iielanu Sectaiianism Woiking Paity was establisheu anu this
leu to the setting up of the Sectaiianism Euucation Pioject in 2uu1. The
aim of this initiative was to assist paiishes thioughout the islanu of
Iielanu to inciease theii capacity foi uealing with sectaiianism anu
uiffeience anu exploie how uealing positively with these issues woulu
have an impact on uecision-making within the Chuich.

This pioject commissioneu a ieseaich pioject to asceitain the attituues,
neeus anu expeiiences of cleigy anu lay people thioughout the Chuich of
Iielanu on these issues. The outcome of the ieseaich was a Scoping Stuuy
Repoit entitleu "The Baiu uospel: Bealing Positively with Biffeience in
the Chuich of Iielanu". This iepoit was piesenteu to anu ieceiveu by the
ueneial Synou in 2uuS.

As a iesult of the finuings of the ieseaich the iemit of the Sectaiianism
Euucation Pioject was wiueneu to consiuei how to ueal with uiffeience in
a iange of aieas incluuing minoiity ethnic gioups, people of othei
ieligions anu issues of sexuality anu genuei while ietaining a majoi
emphasis on sectaiianism. The expanueu initiative was nameu 'The Baiu
uospel' anu a Baiu uospel Committee was conveneu to oveisee the
uevelopment of the pioject.

Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
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The Scoping Stuuy has been uesciibeu as !%#--27+9 "0( '#-" /#'%&(0(3-2,(
%2(/( #. &(-(*&/0 (,(& *""('%"(4 23 #3( <0&2-"2*3 4(3#'23*"2#3=/01&/0 23
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The Scoping Stuuy Repoit, "The Baiu uospel: Bealing Positively with
Biffeience in the Chuich of Iielanu" was uistiibuteu to all the uioceses in
the Chuich of Iielanu. This nationwiue piocess was uesciibeu in the
Chuich's Stanuing Committee Repoit of 2uu4 as being !82"0#1" %&(/(4(3"
23 "0( +2.( #. "0( <01&/0 #. >&(+*34:;

The Scoping Stuuy pioviues a goou baseline against which the Chuich of
Iielanu can measuie piogiess on these issues in the futuie.

As a iesult of the finuings anu iecommenuations of the ieseaich it was
ueciueu that, whilst uealing with sectaiianism woulu iemain a majoi
thiust of the pioject, the oiiginal initiative was too naiiow anu that a
stiategic vision foi the futuie was iequiieu.

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A stiategy foi The Baiu uospel Pioject was uevelopeu with a vision
statement anu a set of stiategic aims anu objectives.
The vision was foi:
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/#''*34 "# +#,( C#4 *34 "0(2& 3(2507#1&;:


Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
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The pioject hau foui stiategic aims with an associateu set of objectives:

1. To enable the Chuich, at all levels, to mouel the ielationships anu
values with iegaiu to oveicoming sectaiianism, community conflict,
anu uealing with uiffeience that it will piomote in wiuei society.

0bjectives:
• Examine anu change cential stiuctuies anu iepiesentative bouies to
achieve moie balanceu paiticipation within the Chuich of Iielanu.

• Enhance existing anu, wheie neeueu, pioviue new stiuctuies of
inteinal uialogue to piomote openness anu unueistanuing of
uiffeience in the Chuich of Iielanu.

• Iuentify anu change aieas wheie sectaiianism anu uestiuctive
patteins of ielating to uiffeience affect the witness anu ministiy of the
Chuich of Iielanu. This will involve uialogue with, among otheis,
iepiesentatives of: Loyal 0iueis, ethnic minoiities, women's gioups,
uisability oiganisations anu genuei anu sexuality gioups.

2. To uevelop anu piomote policies, piactices anu statements of the
Chuich of Iielanu that will encouiage honest anu constiuctive
ielationships in uealing with sectaiianism anu issues of uiffeience in
the chuich anu wiuei society.

0bjectives:
• Pioof all policies, piactices anu statements of the Chuich of Iielanu
in teims of sectaiianism anu uealing positively with uiffeience,
incluuing those wheie the cuiient attituue of the chuich ieflects
histoiical iuentification with one political anu cultuial community.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
1u

• Iuentify aieas of policy anu piactice wheie new guiuelines on
honest anu constiuctive ielationships in uealing with uiffeience
aie neeueu anu uevelop them.

• Wiuen the iange of chuiches, faith communities anu othei inteiest
gioups with which the Chuich of Iielanu has iegulai anu
establisheu ielationships.

• Raise the piofile anu inciease unueistanuing of the Chuich of
Iielanu appioach to sectaiianism anu uealing positively with
uiffeience thiough a focuseu anu sustaineu piogiamme of
publicity anu infoimation.

S. To enhance the capability of the Chuich of Iielanu at all levels to take
initiatives to builu peace anu to tiansfoim communities.

0bjectives:
• Pioviue tiaining, suppoit anu iesouicing foi cential leaueiship.

• Pioviue tiaining, suppoit anu iesouicing foi uiocesan¡paiish
leaueiship, both cleiical anu lay.

• Nouify initial anu continuing cleiical anu lay tiaining piocesses to
incluue significant emphasis on leaining to oveicome sectaiianism
to ueal positively with uiffeience anu to encouiage¡enable otheis
to uo the same.

• Bevelop the Youth tiaining piogiamme to incluue a significant
emphasis on leaining to move beyonu sectaiianism anu to ueal
positively with uiffeience
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
11

• Collate infoimation about best piactice in moving beyonu
sectaiianism anu uealing positively with uiffeience anu actively
piomote it within the chuich anu beyonu.

4. To implement initiatives, piojects oi piogiammes in collaboiation
with othei Chuiches, agencies anu gioups in a mannei that will cieate
moie open anu inclusive local communities.

0bjectives:
• Bevelop piojects in paitneiship with key agencies that auuiess
piofounu issues of social cohesion within oui community

• Woik with as wiue a iange of key stakeholueis as piactical in a
numbei of local aieas to uevelop piojects anu piogiammes which
auuiess iuentifieu neeu, anu will be owneu by all involveu

• Bevelop a stiong inteinational uimension to the Baiu uospel
Pioject. This will involve builuing ielationships with key agencies
in othei spheies of conflict, with the puipose of meaningful
exchange of leaining

• Seek appiopiiate shoit to meuium teim sponsoiship anu funuing
foi the initiatives, with the aim of encouiaging them to become
self-sustaining in the long teim.






Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
12
="7 Q&:;+:?

Funuing foi the Pioject was secuieu fiom a iange of souices:
• The Inteinational Funu foi Iielanu Community Biiuges
Piogiamme
• The Bepaitment of Foieign Affaiis (R0I)
• The Chuich of Iielanu
• The Chuich of Iielanu Piioiities Funu
• The NI Community Relations Council

This funuing enableu the Committee to employ a small staff team with an
associateu pioject buuget, to take foiwaiu the piocess.
A Biiectoi anu two Pioject 0fficeis (one baseu in the Noith anu one baseu
in the South) weie appointeu to uelivei the pioject stiategy.

Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
1S
7 D2*E-%, G%,+5+,+-)

The Baiu uospel Pioject initiateu, uevelopeu, suppoiteu anu co-oiuinateu a
wiue iange of activities ovei a thiee-yeai peiiou involving a consiueiable
numbei of people acioss the islanu of Iielanu. Noie than 7,Suu
S
people
paiticipateu uiiectly in these activities between Novembei 2uuS anu
Becembei 2uu8. It is estimateu that:
• Pioject activities took place in all thiity-two counties in Iielanu.
• All twelve uioceses paiticipateu in pioject activities.
• 1,99u people paiticipateu in 1SS paiishes in local activities.
• Su% of paiticipants in Noithein Iielanu, anu 8u% of paiticipants in
the Republic weie fiom the Chuich of Iielanu.
• 7u% of paiticipants in Noithein Iielanu weie fiom a unionist
community anu Su% weie fiom a nationalist community.
• Su% of activities in Noithein Iielanu weie cioss community
(involving both nationalists anu unionists).
• 1S% of paiticipants in the Republic anu 1u% in Noithein Iielanu weie
fiom minoiity ethnic communities.
• Su% of activities in the Republic anu 1u% of activities in Noithein
Iielanu weie cioss cultuial (uiffeient ethnic gioups).
• In the Republic of Iielanu 4u% of paiticipants weie men anu 6u%
weie women. In Noithein Iielanu 6u% weie men anu 4u% women.
• Su% of paiticipants in Noithein Iielanu anu 2S% in the Republic weie
unuei the age of 2S.
• Between S-1u% of paiticipants weie cleigy.
• Between 9u-9S% of paiticipants weie lay people.
• Noie than 9S% of paiticipants hau not pieviously engageu in the type
of activities initiateu by the Baiu uospel Pioject.

S
Souice: Pioject staff iepoits. Figuies aie estimates anu may incluue the same peison attenuing
moie than one activity. Wheie peicentages foi the whole islanu weie not available, sepaiate
figuies aie given foi Noithein Iielanu anu the Republic of Iielanu. The pioject incluueu a
consiueiable level of cioss boiuei paiticipation.

Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
14
7"8 R2?$:+)$,+*:$' N@$:?- G%,+5+,+-) $, N-:,2$' S-5-'

The Biveisity Auuit anu Baiu uospel Impact Fiamewoik weie uevelopeu
anu publisheu. They weie piesenteu to anu ieceiveu by Stanuing
Committee of 7u people incluuing all Bishops anu maileu to all 6uu
membeis of ueneial Synou.
Stanuing Committee set up a Baiu uospel Implementation uioup to take
action on iecommenuations of the auuit of cential stiuctuies.
In auuition:
• A Biveisity uoou Piactice uuiue was uevelopeu.
• uuiuelines on the make-up of uiocesan committees weie uiawn up.
• Aichbishop of Aimagh's Woiking gioup on Nigiation, thiough the
Aimagh Boaiu of Social Responsibility, piouuceu two publications
(Paiish uuiuelines anu Biocesan 0nueitakings) anu also biought
togethei a list of suppoit contacts.

7"= M2$+:+:? G%,+5+,+-)

The pioject uevelopeu 1u new tiaining initiatives anu as a iesult:
• Noie than S7u people paiticipateu in paiish level tiaining
• 9u people paiticipateu in uiocesan level tiaining
• Su cleigy paiticipateu in facilitative leaueiship tiaining
• 2u people paiticipateu in youth woik tiaining
• 6u theological stuuents paiticipateu in tiaining
The pioject also uevelopeu Baiu uospel Sunuay Seivices anu a Lenten
Couise.
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"0&#150#1" "0( /#13"&9;: (Inteinal Stakeholuei Inteiview, Yeai 2)
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
1S
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41&235 "0( .2&-" 9(*&) "0( %&#G(/" 0*- 3#8 /*150" #3 23 "0( H(%17+2/ #.
>&(+*34 I 2" 0*- '#&( /&(4272+2"9; >3 G1-" AJ '#3"0- 2" 0*- 7((3 2'%#--27+( "#
5(" (,(&9 %*&2-0 */"2,(; D#8(,(& D*&4 C#-%(+ E134*9 *34 "0( K(3"(3
<#1&-(- 0*,( %&#,24(4 "0( #%%#&"132"9 .#& (,(&9 %*&2-0 "# 5(" 23,#+,(4 23
-#'( 8*9;;;D*&4 C#-%(+ E134*9 8*- -1//(--.1+ I * -2532.2/*3" '23#&2"9 #.
%*&2-0(- %*&"2/2%*"(4;: (Inteinal Stakeholuei Inteiview, Yeai 2)

7"7 0+)%&))+*: $:; 0+$'*?&- G%,+5+,+-)

The pioject initiateu uiscussion anu uialogue events with seven gioups
anu 17u paiticipants paiticipateu in these activities. The uialogues weie
with the following gioups:
• 0iange 0iuei leaueiship
• Royal Black Pieceptoiy leaueiship
• Nasonic leaueiship
• Changing Attituues Iielanu (an auvocacy gioup foi the place of gay
anu lesbian inuiviuuals in the chuich)
• uAA leaueiship (8u% lay)
• Iiish Tiavelleis Novement Boaiu Nembeis
• Afghan Bungei Stiikeis
The pioject also facilitateu uebates at the Summei Nauness youth event:
• A 2uu7 uebate attenueu by 7uu young people when Ian Paisley }unioi,
(B0P NLA }unioi Ninistei) anu Caitiiona Ruane (Sinn Fein NLA
Euucation Ninistei) uebateu the topic "Shaiing the Futuie." in fiont
of young people fiom all ovei Iielanu.
• A 2uu8 uebate attenueu by 2uu young people.
Netwoiking anu paitneiship ielationships weie uevelopeu with moie
than 1Su new chuiches, gioups anu agencies.

Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
16
7"H 0+*%-)$: G%,+5+,+-)

1u uioceses weie suppoiteu to uevelop specific uiocesan activities. This
incluueu:
• A Reseaich Stuuy in the Cloghei Biocese: the iepoit was launcheu
at a Biocesan Synou attenueu by 2uu people anu Suuu copies weie
uistiibuteu among all paiishes.
• Tiaining foi cleigy of Bown anu Biomoie anu Connoi Bioceses on
issues within woiking class loyalist communities.
• Community ielations tiaining foi cleigy fiom Cloghei uiocese.
• Suppoiting the 0niteu Biocese of Bublin anu ulenualough
Biocesan Committee foi the Inteinational Community to oiganise
migiant-fiienuly seivices anu have a full time staff membei.
• Suppoiting the Bioceses of Coik, Cloyne anu Ross to oiganise a
confeience entitleu '0nueistanuing oui Bistoiy: Piotestants, the
Civil Wai anu Wai of Inuepenuence in County Coik'.
• 0iganising a seminai entitleu 'Life in the Commutei Belt.' anu
woiking with Boaiu of Social Inclusion to look at issues of
chilucaie piovision in the Bioceses of Neath anu Kiluaie.
• Tiaining of ten cleigy fiom the Beiiy & Raphoe Biocese on an
accieuiteu 'Facilitative Leaueiship' Couise.
S7u people paiticipateu in these uiocesan activities.
7"L 6(:*; G%,+5+,+-)

The pioject hau an input at S ueneial Synous anu 1u Biocesan Synous
involving a total of 2,2Su people.
At ueneial Synou theie weie:
• Piesentations fiom Bean Rooke anu thiee staff membeis in Aimagh in
2uu6.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
17
• Piesentations fiom Revu Boug Bakei, Bean Rooke, Revu Eail Stoiey
anu a viueo piesentation of the woik of the pioject in Kilkenny in
2uu7.
• A Notion on the S9 Aiticles was put foiwaiu in ualway in 2uu8.

7"< 6C-$.+:? 3:?$?-#-:,)T 6-#+:$2) $:; N*:J-2-:%-)

Baiu uospel Staff anu Committee Nembeis unueitook moie than 1uu
speaking engagements thioughout Iielanu incluuing Sunuay moining
woiship, cleigy ietieats, ecumenical events, youth gioups, Nothei's
0nions, euucation gioups anu majoi festivals¡events. Noie than 12,Suu
4

people attenueu these events.
Twenty-one seminais weie oiganiseu, involving 1,27u people. This
incluueu the 'Beyonu the Box' Seminais on a iange of issues auuiessing
the legacy of the Tioubles anu a seiies of Biocesan Consultations on
Immigiation.
Thiee confeiences weie oiganiseu, involving S8u people:
• 'A Pilgiim People: Encouiaging the Chuich of Iielanu to contiibute
positively to issues of migiation, integiation anu community
cohesion'.
• '0nueistanuing oui Bistoiy: Piotestants, the Wai of Inuepenuence
anu the Civil Wai in County Coik
• 'The Futuie, Fiienu 0i Foe' Confeience on the Celtic Tigei

The '0ui Kinu of People' Exhibitions in Nonkstown anu Rathcoole weie
vieweu by 8uu people.


4
If the numbei of people attenuing these speaking engagements is auueu to the
total estimateu numbei of uiiect paiticipants in the pioject, the total numbei of
people involveu ovei the thiee-yeai peiiou is moie than 2u,uuu people.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
18
7"F D2-)) $:; I-;+$ G%,+5+,+-)

The pioject attiacteu a notable level of piess anu meuia coveiage
incluuing:
• Noie than 8u featuies, aiticles anu iepoits in national
newspapeis, most commonly in the >&2-0 L2'(-, >&2-0 M(8-,
M(8-+(""(& anu N(+.*-" L(+(5&*%0.
• Noie than 2S featuies, aiticles anu iepoits in iegional newspapeis
such as the O#3(5*+ M(8- anu M(8"#83*77(9 L2'(-.
• Noie than 6u featuies, aiticles anu iepoits in the Chuich of Iielanu
uazette.
• Noie than 1uu featuies, aiticles anu iepoits in a iange of othei
magazines anu jouinals incluuing Biocesan magazines, social anu
ieligious magazines, websites anu blogs.
• 28 iauio anu television inteiviews anu iepoits mainly on RTE anu
the BBC.
• Noie than 18u,uuu hits pei annum (an aveiage of appioximately
1S,Suu pei month) on the Baiu uospel website.

7"O D&1'+%$,+*:)

Fifteen publications weie piouuceu anu uistiibuteu incluuing:
• 'Life Beyonu Bounuaiies - A Theology of the Baiu uospel' (Nay
2uu6) was uistiibuteu to all cleigy, all membeis of ueneial Synou
in 2uu6, funueis anu key local politicians.
• A 'Baiu uospel Sunuay' Pack (}uly 2uu7) was uistiibuteu to all
cleigy in }uly 2uu7.
• Baiu uospel Welcome Posteis in a vaiiety of languages weie
uistiibuteu to all chuiches in }uly 2uu7.
• Two Baiu uospel Bulletins weie uistiibuteu to all chuiches Wintei
2uu6 anu Summei 2uu7.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
19
• The 'Faith in Biffeience' Pack of 1u postcaius anu uiscussion
mateiial on uiveisity was uistiibuteu foi Lent 2uu8 to all cleigy
anu youth woikeis
• The Youth Resouice Pack of postcaius anu uiscussion mateiials on
uiveisity was uistiibuteu in 2uu8 to all cleigy anu youth woikeis.
• 'Living With Biffeience - A Reality Check' (Nay u8), the Auuit of
Cential Stiuctuies anu the Baiu uospel Impact Fiamewoik weie
uistiibuteu to all membeis of Stanuing Committee anu ueneial
Synou in 2uu8.
• 'Whatevei You Say, Say Nothing' Repoit anu BvB foi Cloghei
Biocese in Septembei 2uu8 theie weie Suuu copies piinteu anu
uisseminateu' to all paiishes in Cloghei Biocese anu the wiuei
community.
• A 'Biiectoiy of Nigiant-Leu Chuiches anu Chaplaincies' was
publisheu in Becembei 2uu8.
• uoou Samaiitan - Reflect anu Act Couise Nateiial
• Love youi Neighboui (Tiaining Pack)
• 'All the Loves', the winning hymn in the Baiu uospel Bymn-wiiting
Competition was tiansciibeu, iecoiueu anu uistiibuteu.
• 'The Youth Woik Anu Spiiituality' papei was piouuceu anu
uistiibuteu in 2uu8.

Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
2u

H I$+: G%@+-5-#-:,) *J ,@- D2*E-%,

!L0( D*&4 C#-%(+ P&#G(/" 2- 132Q1( *- * 80#+( 4(3#'23*"2#3 *%%&#*/0
"0*" 2- &(.+(/"2,() */"2,( *34 -"&1/"1&*+; L0( <01&/0 #. >&(+*34 2- "0( .2&-"
4(3#'23*"2#3 "# (35*5( 23 "02- 8#&? *" 2"- /#&(;;; L0(9 0*,( 134(&-"##4
"0*" /0*35( 3((4- "# 7( -9-"('2/ *34 '*23-"&(*'(4: (Exteinal
Stakeholuei Inteiview, Yeai 2)
The main achievements of the pioject weie as follows:

H"8 N*##+,#-:,

The Chuich of Iielanu uemonstiateu its commitment to the uevelopment
anu implementation of the Baiu uospel Pioject thiough the level of time
anu iesouices investeu in ensuiing it maue a uiffeience. The pioject was
manageu effectively thiough the Baiu uospel Committee anu a high level
of activity was stimulateu anu ueliveieu by the small pioject staff team.
The pioject useu a foimative evaluation appioach veiy successfully. Each
annual evaluation incluueu a ieview meeting with stakeholueis, which
uiscusseu piogiess against the intenueu aims anu objectives anu the
successes anu challenges of the pievious yeai. Each annual evaluation
iepoit incluueu a set of iecommenuations foi the subsequent yeai that
auuiesseu aieas of woik iequiiing fuithei attention anu inteivention.
The Baiu uospel Committee anu the pioject staff team uemonstiateu a
high level of commitment to continuous leaining anu impiovement by
following thiough on these iecommenuations each yeai.
The Chaii of the Baiu uospel Committee anu the Biiectoi woikeu haiu to
ensuie piogiess acioss all aspects of the pioject.

Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
21
H"= G!$2-:-)) P$+)+:?

The pioject was ambitious in attempting to influence eveiy paiish anu
eveiy membei of a laige islanu wiue institution. Bowevei, a majoi
achievement ovei the thiee yeais was to iaise awaieness of the pioject
anu the issues it was spotlighting at all levels of the Chuich of Iielanu.
Issues such as sectaiianism, the legacy of the conflict anu the Chuich's
ielationships with migiant anu Loyalist communities weie cleaily put on
the agenua of a iange of chuich meetings anu publications, in many cases
foi the fiist time.
We uo not have eviuence to say that eveiy membei of the Chuich of
Iielanu hau his oi hei awaieness iaiseu thiough the pioject. In fact, it is
not cleai whethei that woulu be possible. Bowevei, it is possible to say
that eveiy paiish anu uiocese in Iielanu, eveiy ieauei of the <01&/0 #.
>&(+*34 C*R(""(, eveiy cleigy peison anu eveiy attenuee at the ueneial
Synous ovei the past thiee yeais will have an awaieness of the Baiu
uospel 'bianu' anu the issues it has highlighteu.
The pioject uevelopeu a seiies of high quality iesouices anu uisseminateu
these thioughout the Chuich. This incluueu a theology of the Baiu uospel,
a seiies of iepoits on uemonstiation mouels of piactice, ieseaich iepoits,
the auuit anu pioofing tools, mateiials foi Lent anu tiaining manuals.
Although the impact of this heighteneu awaieness is laigely uepenuent on
the subsequent piioiity given to these issues by chuich leaueis, the level
of awaieness achieveu by the Baiu uospel within the Chuich of Iielanu
was significant.
Similaily, the pioject uiu achieve a wiuei community piofile thiough goou
meuia coveiage of its activities, as a iesult of a well-implementeu
communications stiategy. This was most successful when the pioject
highlighteu issues that weie then taken up anu uevelopeu into wiuei
public uiscussions though the meuia. Examples of this incluue the
ielationship between the uAA anu Piotestants anu the finuings of the
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
22
ieseaich in the Cloghei Biocese. The pioject also uevelopeu a goou piofile
at a political level with both the Iiish goveinment anu the Noithein
Iielanu Assembly.
Foi many exteinal stakeholueis the Baiu uospel Pioject is iecogniseu as
the most significant anu substantial uenominational chuich initiative on
peacebuiluing that has taken place in Iielanu (Noith anu South).

H"7 U-! N*:5-2)$,+*:)

An impoitant outcome of the incieaseu awaieness achieveu by the pioject
was 'new conveisations' within the Chuich of Iielanu anu also in the
wiuei community. Conveisations stimulateu by the pioject weie new in
teims of:
• The subject mattei being uiscusseu
• The level of piioiity being affoiueu to the conveisation
• The location (both level anu geogiaphical) of the uiscussions
• The inuiviuuals paiticipating in the conveisations

H"H Q*&:;$,+*:) J*2 ,@- Q&,&2-

The pioject began stiategic planning foi the futuie uuiing the seconu yeai
of the pioject. The time anu iesouices investeu in this foiwaiu planning
aie anothei inuication of the level of commitment by the Chuich of
Iielanu to seeing thiough this initiative.
A pait of this piocess was to uevelop stiuctuies anu mechanisms within
the Chuich foi continuing the Baiu uospel piocess aftei the enu of the
Baiu uospel Thiee Yeai Pioject. The plans uevelopeu foi achieving this
have a stiong focus on mainstieaming the piocess at a cential level, while
at the same time iuentifying ways of suppoiting sustaineu inteiventions
at a uiocesan anu paiish levels.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
2S
H"L D$2,:-2)@+C)

The pioject was successful in ueveloping a seiies of new collaboiations
anu paitneiships with othei chuiches, oiganisations anu agencies on
ielevant issues anu initiatives.
These paitneiships incluueu a cioss-sectoial, cioss community anu cioss
boiuei uimension.

H"< 0-#*:),2$,+*: D2*E-%,)

The uemonstiation piojects weie majoi achievements foi main ieasons:
• They auuiesseu key stiategic issues in ielation to the legacy of
conflict anu a changing moie multi cultuial Iielanu. In fact the
piojects on immigiation anu Loyalist communities weie at the
'cutting euge' of contempoiaiy uiveisity anu inclusion issues in
Iielanu uuiing the past thiee yeais.
• They engageu the Chuich of Iielanu in these issues at a level anu
uepth that pieviously hau not been possible.
• They weie well uesigneu anu ueliveieu by the pioject staff team.
• They attiacteu the attention of wiuei society.
• They weie wiitten up anu uisseminateu as mouels of goou
piactice foi the wiuei chuich anu society.


Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
24

L M@- N@$''-:?-)

L"8 6%$'- *J ,@- M$).

A majoi challenge was the fact that the pioject hau set itself ambitious
objectives foi the thiee yeais anu these objectives weie to be achieveu
acioss a laige geogiaphical aiea, mainly ueliveieu by a small staff team of
thiee woikeis.
0ne of the biggest challenges in this context has been to engage
inuiviuuals, paiishes anu uioceses in uiffeient paits of the pioject. It was
moie uifficult to ieciuit people to act as links oi to paiticipate as
facilitatois oi in tiaining than to peisuaue them to attenu meetings,
seminais anu confeiences. The piocess of suppoiting people to engage in
activities they hau not pieviously iegaiueu as piioiities foi the Chuich oi
in attempting to oveicome apathy anu¡oi complacency, is necessaiily
time consuming as it often iequiies a one to one appioach. Even with this
iole being shaieu beyonu the pioject staff team, it was a laige-scale task
that was always going to be a majoi challenge.

L"= D$%- *J R2?$:+)$,+*:$' N@$:?-

The size, natuie anu cultuie of the Chuich of Iielanu as an institution
iesults in a slow pace of oiganisational change. Foi example, it has taken
the full thiee yeais of the pioject foi the beginnings of change in
stiuctuies, policies anu piactices to become appaient. In spite of
substantial time anu iesouices being investeu in ieseaich, uiscussion,
committees anu publications, the Biveisity Auuit anu Baiu uospel Impact
Fiamewoik have piouuceu limiteu change to uate. Theii success can only
be measuieu in teims of any change that actually takes place in the futuie.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
2S
Similaily it has taken thiee yeais to iuentify anu set up ielevant anu
specific tiaining foi the Bishops. 0iganisational change piocesses cannot
succeeu without the full engagement of the most senioi leaueis of any
oiganisation.
This slow pace of change has piompteu some exteinal stakeholueis to
question the impact of the pioject:
!L0( %&#G(/" 0*- 5#3( Q12"( 824() 71" 0#8 4((% 0*- 2" 5#3(S O#(- 2" G1-"
-?2' *+#35 "0( "#% #. "0( <01&/0 #& 0*- 2" '*4( &(*+ /0*35(S: (Exteinal
Stakeholuei Inteiview, Yeai 2)

L"7 R2?$:+)$,+*:$' N&',&2-

Anothei challenge foi the pioject was that it attempteu to change aspects
of the 'oiganisational cultuie' of the Chuich while at the same time being a
pait of that cultuie.
0iganisational change involves!T*3 23"(&,(3"2#3 -"&*"(59 "0*" 1-(- 5&#1%
%&#/(--(- "# .#/1- #3 "0( 80#+( /1+"1&( #. *3 #&5*32-*"2#3 23 #&4(& "# 7&235
*7#1" %+*33(4 /0*35(;: (Rowlanuson, 1984)
Bowevei, if one of the blocks to oiganisational change within an
institution is the 'committee cultuie', then iunning a pioject by that gioup
piocess is unlikely to substantially change the cultuie. The long-teim
impact of the Baiu uospel Pioject will be ieuuceu if the iecommenuations
foi the futuie aie somehow 'lost in committee.'
0iganisational cultuie change also involves:
!T* +#35 "(&' %&#5&*''( #. 23"(&,(3"2#3 23"# "0( #&5*32-*"2#3B- -#/2*+
%&#/(--(-) 1-235 %&23/2%+(- *34 %&*/"2/(- #. 7(0*,2#1&*+ -/2(3/() "# /&(*"(
*""2"1423*+ *34 7(0*,2#1&*+ /0*35(-) +(*4235 "# 23/&(*-(4 #&5*32-*"2#3*+
(..(/"2,(3(--;: (Bowman & Asch, 1987)
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
26
So, foi example, if the cultuie of an oiganisation is polite avoiuance of
conflict, then even a pioject with the explicit puipose of stimulating
challenging anu honest uialogue may unueimine itself by a polite
avoiuance of conflict.
!L0( %&#G(/" 0*- 3*'(4 -#'( #. "0( /0*++(35(- *34 *..2&'(4 "0( "0(#+#52/*+
134(&%233235) 71" 2" 0*- 0*4 +2'2"(4 2'%*/" 23 4(,(+#%235 "0( -?2++- "# *44&(--
"0( 2--1(-; L0( D*&4 C#-%(+ <#''2""(( 2"-(+. 0*- 3#" 0*4 * 42-/1--2#3 *7#1"
/#3"&#,(&-2*+ 2--1(-;: (Inteinal Stakeholuei Inteiview, Yeai 2)

The moie 'uifficult conveisations' on uiffeience appeaieu to be a challenge to
the noim in the Chuich.

!L0( <01&/0 #. >&(+*34 4#(-3B" 4# /#3.+2/"; L0(&( 2- * %#--272+2"9 "0*" "0(
D*&4 C#-%(+ /#1+4 7( %*--(4 "0&#150 4(.(&(3"2*++9) 82"0#1" *39 &(*+ /0*35(
23 7(0*,2#1&; U0*" 8#1+4 /0*35( +##? +2?( #3 "0( 5&#134 2. +#/*+ %*&2-0(-
8(&( &(*++9 *44&(--235 -(/"*&2*32-'S: (Exteinal Stakeholuei Inteiview,
Yeai 2)

L"H 0+JJ-2-:, 34C-%,$,+*:)

Anothei challenge was the fact that theie weie uiffeient expectations of
the pioject within the Chuich, anu at times within the Committee anu the
pioject staff team.
This was paiticulaily eviuent uuiing the fiist yeai when theie was
consiueiable uebate anu a uegiee of confusion on what constituteu a
"Baiu uospel Issue". Some expecteu the pioject to auuiess only
sectaiianism anu cioss community uialogue between unionists anu
nationalists on the islanu, while otheis expecteu the pioject to auuiess
the wiuei legacy of the conflict such as Loyalist paiamilitaiies. Some
expecteu the pioject to auuiess sectaiianism as one of a iange of uiveisity
issues while otheis, paiticulaily in the South, peiceiveu sectaiianism to
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
27
be a 'Noithein issue' anu hau an expectation that the pioject shoulu be
auuiessing mainly multi cultuial issues. Neanwhile otheis expecteu the
pioject to auuiess any community¡social issue not cuiiently being
auuiesseu by the Chuich.
Inevitably, such a iange of expectations coulu not be met fully anu this
iesulteu in a sense of uisappointment in the pioject foi some.
At times this lack of claiity also iesulteu in the pioject staff sensing that
some of the issues they weie puisuing weie peiceiveu as of peisonal
inteiest iathei than of stiategic impoitance. This coulu iesult in staff
feeling theii woik was unuei valueu.

L"L N*:,+:&+,( $:; 3#1-;;+:?

A majoi challenge foi any pioject of this kinu is the uangei of being
ieuuceu to meie pioject status foi 'those who like that soit of thing.'
When this happens, oiganisational change piojects fail to have long-teim
impact. Aftei a fluiiy of pioject activity the institution continues on as
befoie, unaffecteu.
The challenge foi the Baiu uospel Pioject was to both stimulate anu
suppoit new activities to uemonstiate appioaches anu builu capacity
while at the same time influence oiganisational cultuie, policies, piactices
anu stiuctuies so that the Baiu uospel woulu become a mainstieam anu
embeuueu long-teim piocess within the Chuich.
!L0( D*&4 C#-%(+ -0#1+4 7( -9-"('2/ I %*&" #. "0( /1+"1&( #. "0( /01&/0; >" 3((4-
"# '#,( .&#' %&#G(/" -"*"1- *34 7(235 24(3"2.2(4 82"0 %(#%+( V80# +2?( "0*" -#&"
#. "0235B "# 7(/#'( %*&" #. "0( V(34#/&23( -9-"('B #. "0( <01&/0 #. >&(+*34;:
(Inteinal Stakeholuei Inteiview, Yeai 2)
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
28

< M@- 9#C$%, *J ,@- D2*E-%,

The evaluation fiamewoik uevelopeu at the stait of the pioject focusseu on
measuiing uesiieu outcomes foi each of the stiategic aims anu objectives.
The puipose of this was to tiy to measuie the impact of the pioject ovei the
thiee-yeai peiiou. This section of the iepoit summaiises the level of
piogiess eviuent unuei each stiategic aim.

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$:; 5$'&-) !+,@ 2-?$2; ,* *5-2%*#+:? )-%,$2+$:+)#T %*##&:+,(
%*:J'+%,T $:; ;-$'+:? !+,@ ;+JJ-2-:%- ,@$, +, !+'' C2*#*,- +: !+;-2
)*%+-,(

The pioject pioviueu a iange of oppoitunities at all levels to auuiess
issues of uiffeience, community conflict anu sectaiianism. This enableu
the Chuich to take a seiies of new initiatives anu some of these hau an
impact in the wiuei community.
Theie was substantial piogiess in examining cential stiuctuies anu
iepiesentative bouies, thiough the uevelopment, implementation anu
publication of a Biveisity Auuit ('Living with Biffeience: A Reality Check')
that assesseu the balance of composition of iepiesentative bouies.
The iepoit was piesenteu to Aichbishop Baipei anu the Stanuing
Committee by }anuaiy 2uu8. As a iesult an Implementation uioup was set
up by Stanuing Committee to plan a iesponse anu this woik is continuing
touay.
The iepoits weie also piesenteu at the 2uu8 ueneial Synou anu copies
weie sent to all 6uu membeis of the Synou.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
29
The pioject was instiumental in ueveloping gieatei linkages between
Chuich Committees anu some iestiuctuiing.
While this is cleai eviuence of significant piogiess, the level of change,
which iesults fiom this auuit in the futuie, will be the measuie of its
success. Without actual change the auuit will have been a meie papei
exeicise. It will theiefoie be impoitant to monitoi change iegaiuing
imbalances in paiticipation within cential stiuctuies anu iepiesentative
bouies.

Exteinal stakeholueis have been veiy positive in theii comments
iegaiuing the Chuich of Iielanu's commitment to self-examination:
!L0( D*&4 C#-%(+ -("- 1% * /0*++(35( .#& *++ "0( /01&/0(- *34 *++ -24(- #. "0(
/#''132"9 I "0(9 *&( %&(%*&(4 "# +##? *" "0('-(+,(- .2&-" *34 '*?(
/0*35(; L02- 2- * ,(&9 -"&#35 *34 %#8(&.1+ '(--*5( I "&1( &(/#3/2+2*"2#3
23,#+,(- +##?235 *" 9#1&-(+.;: (Exteinal Stakeholuei Inteiview, Yeai 2)
Thioughout the thiee yeais of the pioject existing stiuctuies, such as
ueneial Synou, Biocesan Synous anu the <01&/0 #. >&(+*34 C*R(""(, weie
useu foi inteinal uialogue to piomote unueistanuing anu uiffeience in the
Chuich of Iielanu. Pioject staff anu seveial committee membeis
piomoteu uiscussion on issues of uiffeience thiough a bioau iange of
meetings, speaking engagements, confeiences anu seminais within the
Chuich. New stiuctuies of inteinal uialogue weie also uevelopeu such as
the 'Bot Potato' page on the Baiu uospel Website to auuiess contentious
issues in chuich anu community life. 0thei examples weie the
intiouuction of a Baiu uospel Sunuay anu a seiies of paiish baseu
"Beyonu the Box" seminais to stimulate inteinal uialogue.
Biscussion of 'Baiu uospel issues' has become noimative within the
Chuich of Iielanu. The issues anu appioaches of the Baiu uospel aie
becoming mainstieameu into the Chuich anu theie has been a uegiee of
cultuie change towaius moie open uiscussion of uiveisity issues.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
Su
!L0(&( -(('- "# 7( * 5&(*"(& -(3-( #. V%(&'2--2#3B "# "*+? *7#1" "0(-( 2--1(-;
L0(&( 2- * /0*35( #. *"'#-%0(&( 80(&( 2" 0*- 7(/#'( '#&( #. "0( 3#&' "#
42-/1-- D*&4 C#-%(+ 2--1(- "0&#150#1" "0( <01&/0;: (Inteinal Stakeholuei
Inteiview, Yeai 2)

The pioject also engageu Chuich of Iielanu iepiesentatives in new anu
challenging uialogue with oiganisations, incluuing some foi the fiist time.
Theie was a seiies of uialogue meetings with leaueis fiom Loyal 0iueis
(0iange 0iuei anu the Royal Black Pieceptoiy), the Nasonic 0iuei, ethnic
minoiities (incluuing asylum seekeis anu tiavelleis gioups), the uAA anu an
auvocacy gioup foi the place of gay anu lesbian inuiviuuals in the chuich
(Changing Attituues Iielanu). The uialogue piocess that has begun with the
0iange 0iuei has been a paiticulaily substantive one in teims of the iange of
Chuich of Iielanu iepiesentatives involveu anu the issues uiscusseu.

0n a numbei of occasions the Chuich was iecogniseu as a catalyst anu, to
some extent, a mouel foi auuiessing key issues of social cohesion. The pioject
piouuceu a notable level of exteinal meuia (piess, television anu iauio) in
both the Noith anu the South, wheie the chuich's iole in ielation to social
cohesion was highlighteu. The pioject also successfully stimulateu uebate in
the meuia on key issues of social cohesion. Issues that weie iaiseu thiough
the pioject, which attiacteu attention in wiuei society, incluueu:

• Nigiation issues
• Expeiiences of Piotestants living on the boiuei
• A Piocess foi Removing 'Peace Walls'
• Sectaiianism in the Republic of Iielanu
• Community uevelopment anu leaueiship in Loyalist communities
• Peace anu ieconciliation
• Bealing with the past


Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
S1
<"= M* ;-5-'*C $:; C2*#*,- C*'+%+-)T C2$%,+%-) $:; ),$,-#-:,) *J ,@-
N@&2%@ *J 92-'$:; ,@$, !+'' -:%*&2$?- @*:-), $:; %*:),2&%,+5-
2-'$,+*:)@+C) +: ;-$'+:? !+,@ )-%,$2+$:+)# $:; +))&-) *J ;+JJ-2-:%- +:
,@- %@&2%@ $:; !+;-2 )*%+-,(

The pioject began to piomote an appioach to policy, piactices anu statements
that will involve a 'pioofing' piocess in ielation to sectaiianism anu uealing
positively with uiffeience, incluuing aiea wheie the cuiient attituue of the
Chuich of Iielanu ieflects histoiical iuentification with one political anu
cultuial community.
A tool foi pioofing all policies, piactices anu statements, The Baiu uospel
Impact Fiamewoik was uevelopeu anu publisheu ('Living with Biffeience: A
Reality Check'). The Impact Fiamewoik iecommenueu that all aieas of policy
anu piactice be pioofeu foi honest anu constiuctive ielationships in uealing
with uiffeience. It pioviues a seiies of questions, baseu on five key piinciples,
against which uecisions, statements, policies, stiategies anu piogiammes can
be pioofeu.
The piinciples aie:
• ueneious Inclusion
• Intentional Communication
• Luciu Language
• Rooteu Relationships
• Cieating Community
The Impact Fiamewoik iecommenus that it shoulu be useu at paiish,
uiocesan anu cential levels.
It also iecommenus that tiaining shoulu be maue available to both cleigy anu
laity in the use of the Fiamewoik.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
S2
!U( 3((4 "# 23"&#41/( %&(G142/( *8*&(3(-- "&*23235 "# '*?( 1- '#&( #%(3 *34
"#+(&*3" %(#%+( 23 #1& /0*&*/"(&;;;"0*" 8#1+4 0(+% (3-1&( "0(-( %&23/2%+(- *&(
%*&" #. "0( /1+"1&( *34 23.+1(3/235 *++ #. #1& 4(/2-2#3-;: (Inteinal Stakeholuei
Inteiview, Yeai 2)
The Impact Fiamewoik was piesenteu to Aichbishop Baipei anu the
Stanuing Committee in }anuaiy 2uu8, alongsiue the Biveisity Auuit. The
Implementation uioup set up by Stanuing Committee was also taskeu with
planning a iesponse to the iecommenuations within the Impact Fiamewoik
anu this woik continues. The Impact Fiamewoik was also piesenteu at the
2uu8 ueneial Synou anu copies weie sent to all 6uu membeis of the Synou.
Theie was stiong commitment to mainstieaming the Baiu uospel by the new
Aichbishop, who wiote:
!T(,(&9"0235 23 "0( <01&/0 #. >&(+*34 .&#' 3#8 #3 -0#1+4 7( !D*&4 C#-%(+
P&##.(4:; L0*" 2- 8( -0#1+4 (3/#1&*5( * /1+"1&( #. /#341/"235 * !D*&4
C#-%(+=WQ1*+2"9 >'%*/" F--(--'(3": #3 *++ "0( 8#&? "0*" 8( 4# *34 (-%(/2*++9
*39"0235 "0*" &(/(2,(- /(3"&*+ /01&/0 -1%%#&"; L0*" '250" #& '250" 3#" 23/+14(
23,2"235 %(#%+( 80# *&( 3#" '('7(&- #. "0( <01&/0 #. >&(+*34 234(%(34(3"+9 "#
-/&1"232R( 80*" 8( 4# *34 "0( 8*9 8( 4# "0235-;:
The level of change, which iesults fiom this pioofing tool in the futuie, will be
a measuie of its success. 0nless theie aie iuentifiable changes in policies,
piactices anu statements, the Baiu uospel Impact Fiamewoik will only have
cieateu the appeaiance of a change piocess. It will theiefoie be essential to
tiack change in policies anu piactices wheie sectaiianism anu uestiuctive
patteins of ielating to uiffeience have in the past hau a negative impact on the
witness anu ministiy of the Chuich of Iielanu.
As well as the uevelopment of the Impact Fiamewoik the pioject stimulateu
an inciease in the numbei of public uiscussions at leaueiship level on issues
of sectaiianism, uiffeience anu uealing with the legacy of the conflict.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
SS
Theie was a notable inciease in the numbei of confeiences anu foiums wheie
these issues aie auuiesseu uiiectly. This incluueu ueneial Synou, Biocesan
Synous anu the Theological College.
!L0( D*&4 C#-%(+ 0*- 7(/#'( 0250 %&#.2+( "0&#150 -%(/2.2/ (,(3"-) %&#G(/"- *34
232"2*"2,(- I "0235- *&( -((3 "# 7( 0*%%(3235;: (Inteinal Stakeholuei Inteiview,
Yeai 2)
Bowevei, in contiast, some stakeholueis believeu that the pioject uiu not
have an impact in many local paiishes.
!L0( D*&4 C#-%(+ 0*- * ,2-272+2"9 4(.2/2"; X*39 +#/*+ /01&/0(- 0*,(3B" 0(*&4 #. 2";
>" 0*-3B" 2'%*/"(4 #3 "0(2& 42#/(-( #& %*&2-0;: (Inteinal Stakeholuei Inteiview,
Yeai 2)
In auuition to the inteinal impacts, the pioject also hau consiueiable success
in iaising the piofile anu incieasing unueistanuing of the Chuich of Iielanu
appioach to sectaiianism anu uealing positively with uiffeience. The pioject
hau iegulai contact anu ielationships with a wiue iange of othei chuiches,
faith communities anu inteiest gioups such as local authoiities, vaiious
goveinment uepaitments anu the new Afiican chuiches in the South.
A focusseu, effective anu sustaineu communications stiategy taigeting both
inteinal anu exteinal stakeholueis was successfully implementeu. Piess
ieleases¡statements on topical issues such as immigiation, peace anu
ieconciliation anu Loyalism weie issueu iegulaily anu these achieveu goou
meuia coveiage anu a sustaineu piofile thioughout the lifetime of the pioject.
This meuia coveiage cieateu new conveisations both within the Chuich anu
also within wiuei society. A goou example was the high level of meuia
coveiage, uuiing Septembei 2uu8, foi the publication of the Baiu uospel
ieseaich stuuy 'Whatevei You Say, Say Nothing' on the expeiience of boiuei
Piotestants in the Cloghei Biocese. The publication of the ieseaich finuings
stimulateu a significant numbei of uiscussions at chuich, community, meuia
anu political levels. The impact of these uiscussions is likely to extenu well
beyonu the lifetime of the pioject.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
S4
<"7 M* -:@$:%- ,@- %$C$1+'+,( *J ,@- N@&2%@ *J 92-'$:; $, $'' '-5-') ,* ,$.-
+:+,+$,+5-) ,* 1&+'; C-$%- $:; ,* ,2$:)J*2# %*##&:+,+-)

The pioject enhanceu the oveiall capability of the Chuich of Iielanu to
take initiatives to builu peace anu tiansfoim communities by pioviuing
tiaining anu suppoit at paiish anu uiocesan levels anu by suppoiting the
uevelopment of a seiies of uiocesan anu paiish level initiatives. The
outcome is new initiatives by chuiches actively contiibuting to
community uevelopment anu peacebuiluing, incluuing youth initiatives, in
a bieauth of locations anu levels.

Anothei impact is an incieaseu level of communications, liteiatuie,
speeches, seimons anu meetings with a focus on the Baiu uospel anu its
issues.

The pioject uevelopeu, piloteu, ueliveieu, evaluateu anu ieviseu a tiaining
couise foi use at paiish leaueiship level. The Couise was ueliveieu in
paiishes acioss Iielanu anu was publisheu as a Facilitatois Banubook
entitleu 'The uoou Samaiitan Couise: Reflect anu Act' anu all Chuich of
Iielanu cleigy ieceiveu a copy of this. In 2uu8 the pioject engageu an
expeiienceu facilitatoi to tiain local facilitatois in the use of these
mateiials. Bowevei, to uate, it has been uifficult to ieciuit facilitatois foi
this tiaining in local paiishes. The long-teim success of the couise will be
uepenuent on how well this iesouice is useu in local paiishes in the
futuie.
The pioject has been effective in builuing the chuich's capacity to auuiess
sectaiianism, immigiation anu Loyalist community issues thiough
successful, Baiu uospel staff leu, uemonstiation piojects. At uiocesan
level, a seiies of significant uemonstiation initiatives on key stiategic
uiveisity issues weie uevelopeu, implementeu anu iecoiueu. Each of
these piojects has been wiitten up anu it is intenueu that this leaining
will be uisseminateu in 2uu9. These initiatives hau consiueiable impact
both within anu outsiue of the Chuich.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
SS
The uemonstiation piojects weie:
• The Chuich of Iielanu anu the Loyalist Community: this incluueu a
iange of paiish-baseu activities, seminais, meetings anu uialogues
• The Chuich of Iielanu anu Immigiation: this incluueu a majoi
confeience, intei cultuial tiaining, engagement with a wiue iange
of gioups anu activities anu involvement in the uevelopment of a
uiiectoiy of migiant-leu chuiches.
• 'Whatevei You Say - Say Nothing' - a ieseaich stuuy into the
expeiience anu views of boiuei Piotestants in the Cloghei Biocese.
• '0nueistanuing oui Bistoiy' in the Biocese of Coik, Ross & Cloyne:
this pioject pioviueu a space foi uiscussion of the Civil Wai in
Iielanu anu the impact on ielations between Piotestants anu
Catholics in the uiocese touay.
In auuition to these uemonstiation piojects the pioject highlighteu othei
stoiies anu case stuuies to shaie goou piactice within the Chuich anu
beyonu.
The pioject woikeu with the Chuich of Iielanu Youth Bepaitment to
uevelop "Wheie woulu }esus be."- a youth woik iesouice pack auuiessing
issues facing young people conceining iacism, sectaiianism anu the evei-
changing natuie of a multi-ethnic Iielanu. The iesouice was uesigneu to
enhance the capacity of youth gioups in theii exploiation anu
unueistanuing of ieconciliation issues.
Among the paiticipants in all of these activities theie was an inciease in
unueistanuing anu confiuence to inciease engagement in 'uiffeience
issues'. The pioject also incieaseu capacity anu activity amongst chuiches
that weie alieauy involveu in community uevelopment anu
peacebuiluing.
The pioject staff pioviueu one to one suppoit to cleigy to consiuei how to
engage with Loyalist communities in the Noith anu how to engage with
immigiation issues in the South.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
S6
The pioject staff suppoiteu anu initiateu a numbei of new initiatives at
local level such as the successful:
• '0ui Kinu of People' Euucation Exhibitions
• Paiish baseu 'Beyonu the Box' Seminais
• Cieating Space Piogiamme between Rathcoole Paiish anu Clonaiu
Nonasteiy
• Ciaigavon Chuiches Togethei Pioject on Nigiant Woikeis
The pioject also suppoiteu the uevelopment of the Aimagh Biocese
uuiuelines on Immigiation in Paitneiship with the Aimagh Woiking
uioup on Nigiation.
Bowevei the pace of uevelopment of new local initiatives was slow anu it
appeaieu to be veiy uifficult foi local paiishes to move fiom uiscussion
anu ieflection into piactical action, without substantial uiiect
involvement fiom Baiu uospel staff. This iemains a majoi challenge foi
the futuie.
An initiative aimeu at a selection of those in leaueiship (bishops, chuich
membeis anu cleigy) in the Chuich of Iielanu in the Republic calleu 'The
Futuie - Fiienu oi Foe.' was suppoiteu to enable paiticipants to ieflect
on the changes that have taken place in the Republic of Iielanu ovei the
past ten yeais, anu to assess how effectively the Chuich of Iielanu has
iesponueu oi ieacteu to this change.
The cential leaueiship of the Chuich uiu not engage in any specific
tiaining uuiing the thiee yeais of the pioject. This is a cleai gap in teims
of enhancing the capacity of the institution. 0iganisational change
piocesses uo not succeeu without cential leaueiship commitment,
tiaining anu leaining. The pioject founu it uifficult to iuentify ielevant
tiaining foi Bishops. Bowevei, the iecommenuation fiom the Yeai 2
Evaluation in Becembei 2uu7, to invite an expeit in oiganisational cultuie
change to pioviue tiaining foi cential leaueiship, is expecteu to take place
in Febiuaiy 2uu9.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
S7
Cleigy tiaining was ueliveieu by the pioject on issues such as asylum
seekeis, ministiy to Loyalist communities anu facilitative leaueiship.
The pioject also attempteu to influence the Chuich of Iielanu Theological
Institute, which was engageu in a majoi ieview uuiing the lifetime of the
pioject. This was an excellent oppoitunity foi the Baiu uospel to
influence futuie cleiical anu lay tiaining anu seveial meetings took place
to uiscuss this.
The Baiu uospel Pioject intenueu to mouify initial anu continuing cleiical
anu lay tiaining piocesses to incluue significant emphasis on leaining to
oveicome sectaiianism to ueal positively with uiffeience anu to
encouiage¡enable otheis to uo the same. It is believeu that futuie tiaining
will incluue some themes that ielate to these piioiities such as leaueiship
skills, ieconciliation anu builuing ielationships.

<"H M* +#C'-#-:, +:+,+$,+5-)T C2*E-%,) *2 C2*?2$##-) +: %*''$1*2$,+*:
!+,@ *,@-2 N@&2%@-)T $?-:%+-) $:; ?2*&C) +: $ #$::-2 ,@$, !+'' %2-$,-
#*2- *C-: $:; +:%'&)+5- '*%$' %*##&:+,+-)

The pioject staff successfully implementeu a seiies of initiatives with
othei chuiches, agencies anu gioups with a cleai focus on cieating moie
open anu inclusive local communities.
This incluueu:
• 'Beyonu the Box' seminais in paitneiship with 'The }unction' (a
community ielations iesouice centie in Beiiy¡Lonuonueiiy) anu
in paitneiship with Piotestant anu Catholic paiishes in Luigan.
• Facilitating uiscussions on the impact of faith baseu Youth Woik
Tiaining on community ielations
• A iange of paitneiships with migiant-leu chuiches in the South
with the Pioject 0fficei acting as a biiuge peison foi Afiican
chuiches to be iepiesenteu at the Taoiseach's uoveinment¡Faith
uioups Bialogue meeting leauing a meeting between Anglican anu
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
S8
Catholic paiishes in Clonualkin anu the iesiuents of a newly
openeu hostel anu community iepiesentatives, attenueu by the
Ninistei foi Integiation, Conoi Lenihan TB anu involvement in the
publication of a Biiectoiy of S4S Nigiant-Leu Chuiches in Iielanu.
• Woiking 'with Chuiches Togethei in Ciaigavon' on migiant
woikei issues.
• Engaging a iange of chuiches, schools, statutoiy, voluntaiy anu
community oiganisations in local paitneiships aiounu the '0ui
Kinu of People' piojects in Nonkstown anu Rathcoole.

The pioject was successful in secuiing auuitional funuing foi many of the
initiatives that weie uevelopeu.
Bowevei, these initiatives tenueu to be oiganiseu by the pioject staff.
Paiishes finu it uifficult to move fiom uiscussion, ieflection anu tiaining
into the uevelopment of local piactical community piojects. An inuication
of the Baiu uospel having become genuinely mainstieameu will be the
continueu uevelopment of piojects of this natuie in the futuie.
!W,(&9 O2#/(-( 3((4- "# 0*,( * D*&4 C#-%(+ P&#G(/" 7*-(4 #3 "0( +#/*+
/#3"(Y"; L0( O2#/(-( -0#1+4 -1%%#&" %&#G(/"- "# 5(" -"*&"(4 *" +#/*+ %*&2-0
+(,(+;: (Exteinal Stakeholuei Inteiview, Yeai 2)
0thei examples of a new type of ielationship uevelopeu thiough the
pioject incluueu:
• Involvement in the All-Iielanu Chuiches Consultative Neeting on
Racism (AICCNR)
• The Biiectoi attenueu Sinn Fein's launch of its Chaitei foi 0nionist
Engagement
• Local Community uaiuai weie inviteu to 'Reflect anu Act' in Navan
anu Clonualkin -a fiist foi both paiishes

Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
S9
Exteinal stakeholueis involveu in these paitneiships weie positive in
theii comments about paitneiship with the Baiu uospel pioject:
!L0( D*&4 C#-%(+ 0*- 7((3 *3 (Y"&('(+9 1-(.1+ %*&"3(&; L0(9 &(%&(-(3" *
/#3-"2"1(3/9 #. /01&/0 %(#%+( "0*" 8( 0*,( .#134 2" 42..2/1+" "# *//(-- 23
"(&'- #. (35*5235 23 /&#-- /#''132"9 42*+#51(;: (Exteinal Stakeholuei
Inteiview, Yeai 2)
!L0( D*&4 C#-%(+ 0*- * ,#2/( "0*" /*3 7( +2-"(3(4 "# I 3#" #3 2"- #83 71"
82"0 #"0(& #&5*32-*"2#3-; L0(9 /*3 G#23 82"0 #"0(&- "# -(( "0*" *-9+1'
-((?(&- 5(" .*2& "&(*"'(3": (Exteinal Stakeholuei Inteiview, Yeai 2)
!L0( D*&4 C#-%(+ "&2(4 "# -(( 0#8 "0( /#''132"9 /*3 *//(%" 1- *- *-9+1'
-((?(&-; L0(&( 8*- ,2#+(3/( *34 *71-2,( 8#&4- "#8*&4- 1-) 71" *."(& "0(
D*&4 C#-%(+ 42*+#51( -23/( "0(3 8( 0*,( 3#" 0*4 *39 3(5*"2,( 2--1(- 23 "0(
/#''132"9: (Exteinal Stakeholuei Inteiview, Yeai 2)
Bowevei some inteinal stakeholueis believeu that piogiess in this aiea
was limiteu, paiticulaily in teims of substantial collaboiative co-woiking
anu co-sponsoiing with othei chuiches anu agencies.
Although the pioject uiu not uevelop as stiong an inteinational uimension
as oiiginally intenueu, it uiu uevelop seveial oppoitunities to builu
ielationships with key agencies in othei spheies of conflict, with the
puipose of meaningful exchange of leaining. The main activity was the
uevelopment of ielationships with Buiunui incluuing hosting a visit of the
Piesiuent in 2uu8. This incluueu a seiies of meetings with political anu
chuich leaueis anu acauemics.


Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
4u
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1) The Baiu uospel Pioject initiateu, uevelopeu, suppoiteu anu co-
oiuinateu a wiue iange of activities involving moie than 7,Suu people
acioss eveiy uiocese in Iielanu between Novembei 2uuS anu Becembei
2uu8. This is the most substantial uenominational chuich initiative of its
kinu to have taken place in Iielanu.
2) The Chuich of Iielanu uemonstiateu its commitment to the
uevelopment anu implementation of the Baiu uospel Pioject thiough the
level of time anu iesouices investeu in ensuiing it maue a uiffeience. The
pioject was manageu effectively thiough the Baiu uospel Committee anu
a high level of activity was stimulateu anu ueliveieu by the small pioject
staff team.
S) A majoi achievement was to iaise awaieness of the pioject anu the
issues it was spotlighting at all levels of the Chuich of Iielanu. The pioject
pioviueu a iange of oppoitunities at all levels to auuiess issues of
uiffeience, community conflict anu sectaiianism. Biscussion of 'Baiu
uospel issues' has become noimative within the Chuich of Iielanu. The
issues anu appioaches of the Baiu uospel aie becoming mainstieameu
into the Chuich anu theie has been a uegiee of cultuie change towaius
moie open uiscussion of uiveisity issues. This enableu the Chuich to take
a seiies of new initiatives anu some of these hau an impact in the wiuei
community.
4) The pioject enhanceu the oveiall capability of the Chuich of Iielanu to
take initiatives to builu peace anu tiansfoim communities by pioviuing
tiaining anu suppoit at paiish anu uiocesan levels anu by suppoiting the
uevelopment of a seiies of uiocesan anu paiish level initiatives. The
outcome is new initiatives by chuiches actively contiibuting to
community uevelopment anu peacebuiluing, incluuing youth initiatives, in
a bieauth of locations anu levels.
Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
41
S) The pioject uevelopeu a seiies of high quality iesouices anu
uisseminateu these thioughout the Chuich anu beyonu.
6) The pioject uevelopeu uemonstiation piojects that auuiesseu key
stiategic issues in ielation to the legacy of conflict anu an incieasingly
multi cultuial Iielanu. The piojects on immigiation anu Loyalist
communities weie at the 'cutting euge' of contempoiaiy uiveisity anu
inclusion issues in Iielanu uuiing the past thiee yeais. They engageu the
Chuich of Iielanu in these issues at a level anu uepth that hau pieviously
not been possible. The piojects weie well uesigneu anu ueliveieu by the
pioject staff team anu they attiacteu the attention of wiuei society. They
have been wiitten up anu uisseminateu as mouels of goou piactice foi the
wiuei chuich anu society.
7) The pace of oiganisational change as a iesult of the pioject has been
slow. It has taken thiee yeais foi the beginnings of change in stiuctuies,
policies anu piactices to become appaient. In spite of substantial time anu
iesouices being investeu in ieseaich, uiscussion, committees anu
publications, this has piouuceu limiteu change to uate. Success can only
be measuieu in teims of any change that actually takes place in the futuie.

8) The pioject faceu challenges incluuing the scale of the task, uiffeient
expectations, baiiieis to change within the 'cultuie' of the Chuich anu the
uangei of being ieuuceu to the status of a maiginal shoit-teim pioject.
9) A majoi challenge was to both stimulate anu suppoit activities to
uemonstiate new appioaches anu builu capacity while at the same time
influence oiganisational cultuie, policies, piactices anu stiuctuies so that
the Baiu uospel woulu become a mainstieam anu embeuueu long-teim
piocess within the Chuich.


Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
42
1u) The pioject achieveu a wiuei community piofile thiough goou meuia
coveiage of its activities, as a iesult of a well-implementeu
communications stiategy. This was most successful when the pioject
highlighteu issues that weie then taken up anu uevelopeu into wiuei
public uiscussions though the meuia.
11) The pioject was successful in ueveloping a seiies of new
collaboiations anu paitneiships with othei chuiches, oiganisations anu
agencies on ielevant issues anu initiatives. The pioject staff successfully
implementeu a seiies of initiatives with othei chuiches, agencies anu
gioups with a cleai focus on cieating moie open anu inclusive local
communities.
12) The plans uevelopeu foi the post pioject phase of the Baiu uospel
piocess have a stiong focus on mainstieaming the piocess at a cential
level, while at the same time iuentifying ways of suppoiting sustaineu
inteiventions at uiocesan anu paiish levels.

Evaluation of the Chuich of Iielanu Baiu uospel Pioject 2uuS-2uu8
4S

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(Extiact fiom Rev Boug Bakei's Auuiess to ueneial Synou, 2uu7)

The evaluation has one majoi iecommenuation that the Chuich of Iielanu
shoulu put in place the necessaiy stiuctuies, stiategies anu iesouices to
continue its Baiu uospel piocess as a long-teim mainstieam initiative
within the Chuich that will cieate both inteinal change anu piactical
action in local communities on uiveisity issues.